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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  November 29, 2018 2:30pm-3:01pm PST

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>> this is "bbc world news america." funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, and kovler foundation, pursuing tions for america's neglected needs. >> this fall, it is a season of revelations, from the choice of america's favorite novel. >> it's 100 books we want people to take a look at. we are hoping to get people to fall in lo with novels again. >> to the fate of a he's love. >> i'm still here. >> and i. >> from the secret lives of the
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most amazing cats to new discoveries about the firstop pes of the americas. >> our history goes back to the beginning of time. >> all this and more, this season. >> and now, "bbc world news." laura: this is "bbc wows america." reporting from washington, i am laura trevelyan. he was donald trump's personal lawyer. now michaecohen pleads guilty to lying to coress about the project in russia. thpresident is quick to criticize him. pres. trump: he is a weak person, and what he is trying to ab is get a reduced sentence. he is lyint a project that everybody knew about. laura: the meeting is the ent cancels talks with vladimir putin at the g20, blaming russia's actions against ukraine. plus, hitting reverse on the amount of carbon dioxide in the air.
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scientists want to combat climate change with techniques loat could turn back the cck. laura: welcome to our viewers on public television in america and around the globe. michael cohen once said he would take a bullet for the president, now he has admitted lying to congress over a business deal in russia on mr. trump's during the presidential campaign. mr. cohen was donald trump's attorney and advisor for years, and he is cooperating in theue roberter investigation which the president calls a witchhunt. today mr. trump said mr. cohen was weak. our north america correspondent nick bryant reports. nick: michael cohen was donald trump's mr. fix-it, central figu in the billionaires
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business empire. the lawyer who made his problems go away nowotentially poses a huge problem himself for the present. >> mr. cohen has cooperated, mr. cohen will continue to cooperate. sentencing is set for december 12. nick: the fast talking new york rnattoey remained tightlipped outside court. those wordfrom his lawyer are a startling new eans he is sharing information with collision investigation. up until now michael cohen has been prosecuted by investigators here in new york. what makes this so significante is that it is rst time he has been charged by and entered into a plea agreement with robert mueller, the special counsel looking into allegations of collusion between the trump thpresidential campaign an kremlin. inside court, he pleaded guilty to making false statements to congss about a real estate project that would have altered the skyline of moscow, proposed trump tower in the russian capital. talks about the project
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had continued well into 2016, he admitted, the year of the presidential election. donald trump hadeemore extensively involved. he had been in contact with the -- on the project with a key figure in the kremlin, spokesman for vladimir putin.ea ng in court, cohen said he made these misstatements out of loyalty to a figure described as individual one. individual one is president donald trump, who today trashed his former right-hand man. pres. trump: he is a weak person, and what he is trying to cedo is get a reduced sent he is lying about a project that everybody knew about. i mean, we were very open. nick: last week donald trump provided a series of written answers to robert mueller, and the preside's legal team said tonight his responses about building a trump tower in moscow lined up with what michael cohen said in court. the president has intensified his attacks on robert mueller - gue prosecutor, he says
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, leading a mccarthy-stylehh wit. one thing mr. trump might ponder on the flight to the g20 summit to argentina, development have made it much more difficult to fire him. heck bryant, bbc news, new york. laura: for more onallout from this story, i spoke a bri time ago with criminal defense attorney caroline polisi in new york. caroline, michael coheyihas admitted to congress about the trump tower in moscow. what is the legal significance of the admission being made public right now? caroline: right, well, it is huly significant, laura, especially when you view it in juxtaposition to yesterday, where webo heard thishell that the special counsel office was tearing up the cooperation agreement with paul manafort. it seemed to like maybe mueller was on the outs, not doing so well. today all of a sudden with this
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really bombshell news thatl michhen is cooperating with the special counsel'smb office, re that we had not heard a rlly anything from michael cohen since august when he pleaded guilty to crimes unrelated to russia in the southern district of nk. the fact that robert mueller now is charging him with these crimes means that he believes that the substance of what cohen lied about to congress was in fact materl to this investigation. otherwise, he would have farmed it out to the district. laura: caroline, michael cohen says he briefed other trump family members about the trump tower moscow project. why might the special counsel want to get that on the record? caroline: well, you make a good k that robert mueller is being very strategic in how he charges things, speaking through these charging information and odictments. obviously, the issf
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transparency -- there n issue of whether or not putin was using leverage over trump and his family in the form of a carr and a stick -- a camera being huge amount of money in the form of the trump tower moscow deal d a stick in the form of knowledge about this covert deal. to the extent that trump's family is directly implicated, that is likely causinghe white house a lot of anxiety at this time. laura: but of course thees ent is saying that michael cohen is a liar and he has admitted lying to congress, so doesn't that weaken his leg credibility? it is kind of hard to keep who is lying when and where they are lying strai if you untangle it, the pition of the white house, even though michael cohen is lying about the trump moscow deal today, trump's
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answer to the special counsel's written questions -- remember, he was allowed to provide written swers to specific questions about collusion, not about obstruction, but about potential collusion leading up to the presidential election. giuliani has stated that hissw s in those written questions actually line up with what michael cohen said. however, trump today is saying he is a liar. it is kind of hard to understand what exactly he is lying about, if you follow that. it's confusing. laura: caroline, thanks so much for bringing clarity to it, thou. well, all this news broke as president trump was preparing to leave for a gathering of the group of 20 nations in buenos aire on the flight he made news by tweeting that his meeting with russia's president was off due to recent clashes over ukraine.
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was that the only reason for the cancellation? that is a question we closed no the bbc neth america editor jon sopel in argentina. jon: well, that is what the white house is saying, but consider this --10:45 this morning when donald trump left the white house he was asked by reporters if the meeting would ahead and he said it was an opportune time for a. 45 minutes later he will be no meeting. what has changed in the interim in terms of the ukraine situation? nothing. what has changed in terms of the mueller investigation? michael cohen has gone to court and said he liked to congress. that is a big deal. donald trump issued a statement on twitter blind the russiays completelyg that the meeting wouldn't go ahead but that he hoped it would soon. not a word of criticism about vladimir putin or of russia's role in this. ifou consider the leaders that
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donald trump has attacked you are go aires, theresa may, emmanuel macron, angela merkel,si pnt xi, presidenthe erdogans not shy of a fight. but with vladimir putin he has t said a word of criticism. that leaves many people fascinated to see what if anything robert mueller will uncover. laura: the bbc's north america editor jon sopel there for us. all this week ahead of t g20 we're looking at economic conditionsn key south american countries. tonight the bbc's tim willcox reports from the host nation, argentina. tim: the polo clubs argentina are riding out the recession. the country's economy may be in crisis once again, but for polo aficionados, life goes on. >> the courses are soldo abroad. the best players here, they all have their horses and man
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emselves. horsese best over $60,000? >> they go for 10 signshat. -- 10 times that. >> low-cost, high class, all the classes are affected by this. for argentina's less well-hled, the latest crisis and bailout is a body blow, and they are committed to stopping president macri's reelection next year. millions of argentines don't want any international bailout. they have memories of what happened with the imf last time. with nearly 50% of the population on some sort of welfare payment and inflation expected to top 50%, they think they are the ones who willor suffer me. >> we think that macri is giving
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our wealth, our natural resources to companies, and we think that belongs to our people. there is lot of people that didn't have food, didn't have social secure. they didn't have jobs. it is terrible. he is increasing that. tim: to meet the imf's repayment demands, the government is slashing subsidies on basic utilities. for people in buenos aires, this has meanthe cost of electricity rising by more than 500%. tewahas gone up 340%. gas by 225%. education and health budgets have also been targeted. >> of course it is a rocky road, it has been bumpy, ber we have donewell in terms of strengthening institutions, stabilizing the economy, movinge
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forward onr reforms to make the economy more competitive -- for example, investment in inastructure. we believe if president macri is reelected we will have four more years of moving in that direction. tim: movement that will need the complexity of argentina's national dance, and some fear, as many years to master. laura: do stay with the bbc for coverage othe g20 meetings taking place starting tomorrow in argentina, including the high-stakes discussion between president trump and chinese leader xisa jinping orday on trade. in other news from around the world, police in frankfurt haved rahe headquarters of deutsche bank as part of an investigation into alleged money-laundering.ff around 170ials are involved. the bank says it is cooperating with authorities. an imprisoned murdestis being
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inveigated after confessing to 90 killings across four decades in the uin. he is servlife in prison after being sentenced in 2014 for the murders of three women. the fbi believeshe 78-year-old may be among the most prolific serial killers in u.s. criminal history. it is set to be one of the fights of the year. but the laster news confce between heavyweights tyson fury and deontalder became an ugly brawl. what started as verbal abuse became physical and the fighters had to be separated.t the fiself will take place in los angeles on saturday with the book isaking -- the bookies makinwilder the narrow favorite. you are watching "bbc world news america." still to come on tonight's program, caravans and crackdown. we will speak to former homeland seority chief janet napolit about the president's immigration policies.
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three police officers in the philippines have been fod guilty of the murder of a 17-year-old student during an anti-drug operation in manila last year. a judge sentenced them 40 years in prison each. it is the first conviction for next to judicial killingt carrd part of president duterte's war on drugs. onthe bbc's howard johas the details from manila. howard: this was a controversial case because the night when the 17-year-old high-school stent was killed, police officers said he fought back and shot at them during a drug war operation and they fired back and killed him in self-defense. but eyewitnesses and cctv footage id otherwise. they said he had been dragged across the baskeall court and take into an alleyway, where he was given a gun and told to fire it and run. aid her eyewitness begged for his life before police officers killed him. this story caused outrage
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country mainly because a lot of people could relate to it because the mother is in overseas worker, overseas filipino worker. she works in saudi arabia and sends money back to the family. many peopleere are in similar situations. they have relates like that. the president said he was f elected -- modeling hims a fatherly figure who would look after these children while they were overseas. today the cabinet secretary and department of justice secretary has come forward and sd that this verdict debunks the myth that there is a culture of impunity in the country. but human rights watch has come out and said this is just one aree and that ther thousands of drug war killings that still need to be investigated by an independent commission, and that they look forward to the international criminal court going through preliminary examination of the drug war to see if there are indeed crimes against humanity caused by president rodrigo s.terte in the war on drug
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laura: ts morning president trump said yet again that a goernment shutdown is possi if lawmakers don't give him the money for his border wall with mexico. one person who knows a thing or two about border security no janet napoli she served as president obama's secretary of homeland security and before that was governor of arizona. i spoke to her earlier. the president threatened t close the border with mexico because of the number of grants trying to cross. is that a good idea? ms. napolitano: no, it is not od idea. you have to recognize that mexico is the second leading trading partner of the united states we are mexico's number one trade partner.e there literally millions if not billions of dollars of hrcommerce that have to gogh that border on an annual basis,
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plus hundreds of thousands ofth people crossinugh the ports of entry. just saying you have got to close the border doesn't make economic sense, it doesn't make sense particularly for the border states of the united ates. it is st not a good idea. laura: and yet the president was elected promising to build a wall with mexico on public -- and there is so much public concern over people trying to cross the border ieoegally. as s with experience in border states, what is the answer? ms. napolitano: you have to realize that illegal migration across the bder is at 40-, 50-year lows. a great deal has been done to protect the border between the ports of entry, with manpower, with technology, with air cover that is nd of strategy that actually works. the problem with building a wall is even if you can get it done, and there are lots of logistical
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issues with getting it done, you show me a 10-foot wall and i will show you a 12-foot ladder. it is just something that by itself is not a strategy. it is a symbol. laura: and yet we saw this weekend images of children being tear-gassed at the u.s.-mexico border. have both republicans and dee crats failed on the issuof how to secure the border? ms. napolitano: you know, when you talk about securing the border, i think we have to talk about migration and the immigration law in the united states. ally what is needed is the comprehensive immigration refor whuld include in it a better process by which people could come legally in the united states to work, they can stay in the united state it would also include with it greater border security measures and it would also include in it a pathway for those already in
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to uned states illegally get right with the law. laura: absent that kind of reement by lawmakers, immigration issues are being decided by the courts, aren't they, which is also for the -- awful for the pucple who are in the middle. ms. napolitano: well, it is, and it really is the responsibility of congress to act, to pass a bipartisan bill and for then president to se bill. in the absence of that, when hee -- you saw the caravan at the border, it would have been better rather than tear gas for the united states to what i bink of as flood the zone with more customs andder protection officers who could process more asylum cases, put more immigration judges right at the border, so those cases could be resved effectively, fairly, and efficiently. laura: janet napolitano, thank
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for joining us. ms. napolitano: thank you. laura: 20 of the warmest years on record have come in the last 22 years. that is what scientists lo at climate change have found. ahead of the g20 summit in argentina and the u.n. climate change conference in poland next week, the u.n. secretary-general antonio guterres is urging countries to do more. he sat down with the bbc's nick secretarral guterres: things are getting worse than predicted, and the political today is unfortunately not as high as it should be we have a very important landmark agreement, the paris agreement, but countries are not at they committed to do in paris -- many countries, not all -- what they committed to do in paris. and what was committed is not enough because it would leado an increased temperature is a degrees, an three
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totaeedisaster. weto have a more ambitious commitment by countries to reduce emissions. ulaura: t. secretary-general with a global call to action. as scientists look for solutions, some calculate that reducing our emissions of g greenhoues won't be enough. f we have got toure out how to remove the gases, too. our science editor david shukman investigates. david: every hour arou world more and more carbon dioxide is being pumped into the air. scientists say we have got to find a way of doing this, pulling the carbon dioxide out joain. in south wales, ed researchers who believe they may have found an answer. this is a slag heap, a mountain of waste left over from an old ironworks. what they have found here is that this stuff actually draws in carbon dioxide. phil and his student sarah show me how this works.
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adding some slag to a bottle and giving it a blast of carbon dioxide.a in the space ow minutes, lee gas binds to the minerals inside, and the botarts to collapse inwards. could this be done on a worldwide scale? >> globally we have 12 million -- half a billion tons of it around the globe. that would capture something on the order of a quarter of a billion tons of co2. it will not do everything, but it might do sothing relevant for us. david: just sitting here, the material does not absorb much of the gas. a new process will have to be devised to make it useful. but that is technically feasible. this is just one tiny fraction of the legacy of the industrial e, and it is an amazing thought that the iron and steel roindustries whichced all the stuff and generated so much of the carbon dioxide that has been warming the planet may nown have a rolelping to limit the rise in global temperatures.
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>> sheffield, capital of steel, part of a great industry. david: in the boom years of steel production, what mattered was the volume. none back then worried about the carb dioxide being released into the air. but now at sheffield university, that is what they are trying to deal with. in an undergrod laboratory plants are grown in carefully monitored conditions. instruments keep track of every detail. mixed into the soil is a powder, rock that has been ground up. this is a major project to s agriculture can help target climate change. these plants look normal enoughe but theyart of a highly unusual experiment that could prove incredibly useful. that is because the scientists here have worked out that addin powdered volcack to the soil massively increases the amount of carbon dioxide that is drawn out of the air. look at that, the gas that is
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driving the rise of temperatures. anything to help get rid of it could make a difference. on an experimental farm in the american midwest, the powdered rock is being tested on the fields. already scientists havseen it acts as a fertilizer. they don't know whether at this massive scale the process also traps carbon dioxide. but they are convinced it is worth trying. >> the world needs to wake up to the fact that we need to reduceu emissions and combine it with technologies for removing co2. at the moment we have no idea how to remove billions of tons of co2 from the atmo.d: daaybe the answer will lie with the plants and the powdered rock, or the minerals in the slag in any event, there is a frantic effort to find out all the time, the more carbon dioxide builds up in the air, the more urgent it becomes to somehow get it out. david shukman, bbc news.
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laura: how plants could help us. remember, you can find much more of all the day's news on our website. i am laurarevelyan. axis a much -- thanks so much for watching "bbc world news america." >> with the bbc news app, our vertical videos are designed to work around your lifestyle, so you can swipe your way through the news of the day and stay up-to-date with the latest headlines you can trust. download now from selected app stores. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, and kovler foundation, pursuing ssolutions for america' neglected needs. >> a new chapter begins. >> now you can access more of your favorite pbs ows than ever before, with pbs passport, a member benefit that lets you binge many of the latest shows and catch up on your favorites.
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening, i'm judy woodruff. on the newshour tonight, anothel gu plea. th time, president trump's former lawyer michael cohen admits to lying to congress to cover up contacts with russia well into the presid t.mpaign. then, paradise los we visit the california town destroyed by wildfire e desperate search for the missing amonthe ashes. >> what you are really trying to be mindfulf is that as you move through these searches, you're also moving through somem of tt intimate parts of anybody's life. >> woodruff: plus, we are on the ground in argentina, as leaders of the world's largest economies oither and president trump faces a number of flass. all that and more on tonight's
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