tv BBC World News America PBS November 30, 2018 2:30pm-3:00pm PST
[applause] >> and now, bc world news." rajini: this is "bbc world news america." reporting from washiton, i am rajini vaidyanathan. world leaders gather at in argentina. before the meeting, it is thisha shake which may say the most.r a majoearthquake strikes near anchorage, alaska, causingda extensive ge to homes, offices, and infrastructure. and meet the plant doctor.fo thanks to ation from space he is helping farms in africa to thrive. welcome to our viewers
public television in america and around the globe. the gathering of the g20 is usually a tale of meetings had and deals done. today the focus was largely on the gatherings that didn't take place. president trump had called off his talks with vladimir putin and alre meeting with saudi crown prince mohammad bin salman. but those two leaders did not seem upset as they greeted each other th a warm handshake. from the side of the summit in buenos aires, the bbc's northon america editoropel reports. jon: in his brief time on the world stage, donald trump has been seen as disruptor in chief. but not this time arou the g20 is a time for world leaders to discuss matters of visual interest -- speed dating for the ruling class, if you like. after the murder of jamal khashoggi, they would like to cold-shoulder mohammad bin salman. the problem ishey love his lucrative defense contracts and oil more. he and donald trumplexchanged
santries but had no meeting. vladimir putin, on the other hand, looked overjoyed tsee him. high fives all around. theresa may had a sitdown withe him whe raised the murder of the saudi journalist and demanded full transparency inve the instigation. president macron of france had a slightly tse exchange. donald trump had been due to sit down with vladimir putin, but the president canceled the meeting over the seizing of three ukrainian vessels. the russian leader stared ahead impassively as his american counterpart walked past. pres. trump: on the basis of whatook place with respect t the ships and the sailors, that was the sole reason. jon: but where the u.s. president still leaves other world leaderseeply uneasy is with his protectionist attitudes towards trade. today, the signing of a new trade agreement between mexico, the u.s., and canada. pres. trump: the usmca is the
largest, most significant, modern, and balanced trade agreement in history.of alur countries will benefit greatly. it is probably the largest trade deal ever made also. jon: though it brought this broadside from the canadian prime minister.ru prime min.au: make no mistake, we will fight for our -- stand up for our workers and fight for their their families and communities. donald, it is all the more reason we need to keep working to remove the tariffs on steel and aluminum between our countries. jon: the key meeting of this g20 will te place tomorrow evening, when most of the other world leaders are already on their way home with donald trump threatening further tariffs against the chinese, his meeng with president xi is absolutely critical. it is no exaggeration that the future direction of the global economy could be decided a their meeting.e thotesters on the streets of the capital this afternoon are demanding a fairer world and action on climate change.do
buld trump marches to another beat, much more concerned about american a busine american exports. few people hold out much hope of a dramatic breakthrough with the chinese.s,nos aires. rajini: for more, i ske with p.j. crowley who served as state department spokesman during the , oba administration and is the author of "the red lin" pictures speak a thousand words at the g20 summit and perhaps the most strikinare the images the high five or handshake between mohammad bin salman and vladimir putin, two people accused of human rights abuses. what do you make of that? p.j.: i'm not surprised thatwo putin uld be one of the people to offer a hand literally to the crown prince.om they have a lopare -- the challenge of plausible deniability with the khashoggi case and skripal case. i'm sure quietly the former
intelligence operati secretly admiring of how the crown prince h moved against some of his political opponents. rajini: those two leaders did not notably meet with donald trump. let's start with vladimir putin. donald tmp called off a planned meeting with him over the issue of ukraine. how effective wi that be in terms of applying pressure? p.j.: certainly on the heels of helsinki, the white house recognized it could not afford another public relations disaster, given what happened in ukraine in recent days.wh her the president got it through the right logic, it wash the decision. rajini: a lot of focus on theth interactiopresident would have with the crown prince. he said they didn't meet and had no discussions but exchange pleasantries. how significant was that? p.j.: it remains to be seen. the crown prince has been damaged by this.
how saudi arabia responds is going to be significant. as president macron said, they have to be far more transparent about what hpened. the crown prince will have to own this in some fashion if he is going to be credibly seen as a reformer going forward. rajini: we talk about the etgs that did not happen, but president trump has a crucial meeting with the president of china, all abt trade. do you think the trade war is going to escalate? p.j.: i don't think that donald trump even knows how to playth yet. i think the most likely scenario would be that there is an agreement in principle thate leads to srt of follow-on negotiation. j i agree wi sopel, i don't think there is going to be a breakthrough tomorrow, but there should be a pledge -- there could be a pledge that the trade war will not intensify, and that based on negotiations, the president will hold his fire. rajini: p.j. crowley, thank you for joining us. p.j.: a pleasure. rajini: do stay with us throughout the weekend where we will have full coverage of the g20 summit, including the
high-stakes meeting between president trump and president xi. quake struckr causinghorage, alaska, extensive damage andteultiple hocks. many structures could not sustain the nature tremor. they are still assessing the situation, but so far there isor noof casualties. the bbc's james cook reports. james: alaskans are used to earthquakes, but sometimes you need luck on your side, too. this struck at 8:30 in the morning. buckling roads and leaving this car stranded but safe. inside, ere was confusion. ryrthquake drills are all well, but reality is quite different. some pupils were already at school. this boy's instinct was to start filming as the childretook cover.
the first quake caused the damage inside buildings, forcing all of the local tv stations o the air. many people returned to their offices when a powerfulaf rshock sent them scrambling out again. scientists calculated that the epicenter of the first, most powerful tremor was under an i nlet north of anchorage, andsu issued ami warning. president trump responded on twitter, saying that "the great people of alaska have been hit herd by a big one." he promised that t federal government will spare no expense in its response. every year, thousands of rthquakes shake alaska. the full extent of the damone from this is not yet clear. but it was far bigger than most, rattling even the resilient people of the frozen north. james cook, bbc ws. rajini: for more on thscience behind this quake, i spoke a
brief time ago with theoretical physicist michio kaku. professor, it is great to have you with us. how comm that part of the world? michio: first of all, i think we dodged the bullet on this one. this was not the big one the big one was in 1964, 9.2 earthquake. this was 7.0, ich takes place somewhere on the earth once a month. once a month there is earthquake somewhere on the planet earth. the bad ws is this was centered eight miles, 12 kilometers north of anchorage, the largest city in alaska, and that is why there s so much damage. fortunately, the pipeline was not severed. airplanes could still land. of course, as a temporary measure they closed the airports. the damage could have been a lot rse. fortunately, it was not.
rajini: fortunately, indeed. can we expect more aftershocks? indeed there was at one point a tsunami warning as well. chio: that's right. the tsunami warning has been canceled.ra tsunamisl at the speed of a jetliner, several hundred miles per houma and so any would have already taken place because of the tsunami. so yes, we expect aftershocks and we have had three so far. chone of them was 5.7, whin and of itself would qualify it a major earthquake. we expecaftershocks to keep on rajini: what is it about that area which means that it is prone to quakes on a relatively regular basis? i don't know too much about the canut perhaps you explain. michio: when we look at 9.2, off the coast of chile, alaska, japan, and on a map you see that
is the pacific ring of fire. the pacific ring of fire starts in chile and goes up the coast of mexico, the west coast of the united states, to alaska, russia, japan, and then into indonesia. this is where most earthquakes are centered. it is not as surprisinat we thehe 7.0 right in rajini: you talk about this pacific ring of fire. many people in california wonder how safe they are because there is a lot of fear tt california could get a big earthquake anytime soon. michio: apparently it is overdue. san francisco and e california earthquake we think are overdue. we say this because we can actually calculate the frequency at which the san andreas fault shifts. we are good enough now to understand thesheology of the ting of the san andreas fault, and we can calculate when earthquakes took place centuries ago. we know that we are in some sense overdue for another big one, a lot like what happened in
1906 in california, and of course we had one in los angeles well. thateans we have to be prepared, we have to make sure that building codes are up to speed, ande have to make sure that people know where to evacuate and what to do in the middle of a major earthquake. rajini: professor kaku, thank you very much for joining us. michio: thank you. let's take a look at hesome of the day's otnews. onfrance's natial a summary has voted overwhelmingly in favor of a bill that would ban parents from smacking their children. campaigners say that 85% of fren parents resort to corporal punishment. the bill will now go to the senate. in indonesia, the army and police are carrying out a manhunt for more than 80 prisoners who escaped during a prayer gathering. a government spokesmanmore than 100 prisoners fled after breaking out.
only a few have been recaptured so far. 51 pilot whales have died after becoming stranded on the beach off new zealanth reason for the death isn't clear,om and less than a week after 145 pilot whales were founded on ah remote be new zealand's far south. again -- a major company has been the victim of hackers, and now the personal formation of customers may be in jeopardy. this time it is the marriott hotel chain which revealed half a billion records in its starwood chain were compromised. in response, the attorney general's in pennsylvada, new york, massachusetts anno investigations.unching for more on the hack and what consumers can do to protect themselves, i spoke a short time ago with the chief cybersecurity officer at carbon black. this is not the first time we've reported on a major data breach. why has it happened again? >> it happened ain because
marriott was not conducting -hthreting exercises within its infrastructure that allowedh to understand that a criminal conspiracy was ongoing. rajini: what is a threat-hunting exercise? >> it is essentially when you e deploy an edr tool to a cyber criminal might be active within your networks.ar rajini: and whthese cyber criminals? who are they looking out for? we hear from china, people that are domestic. what is the threat this time? tom: well, the majority of the dark web criminal commun ey comes out tern europe, the most prolifiseveral criminals out there, and they love to target commercial entities for the purposes of pillaging consumer data, credit-card data, conducting wire transfer frauds. rajini: how can we stay one step ahead of these hackers? tom: i think most corporations need to recognize that securityf isctionality of conducting
business in this world, and that they should be conducting threat hunting exercises, particularly after they acquire another company, to understand if there are other points where activity may be occurring. carbon black released a study that stated that 50% of the time you are seeing the supply chain of major commercial entities being taeted and used to hop into other commercial entities. rajini: what c we do ourselves to make sure that our data is safer and protected? tom: number one, we should expect far more from those we do business with and we should demand a look at cyber security as a true functionality of conducting business. for us as individuals, we ne to use next-gen antivirus on alp ers including apple devices. we need to use sentences rathers than passw we need to regularly update applicatd ns. and we n stay far away from public wi-fi. rajini: is there more that law enforcement can do to crack down on these hackers as ll?
tom: i feel for law enforcement. they are overwhelmed by cases. less than 2% of computer crimes are successfully prosecuted in part because you have nationstates like russia that had ve created a protection racket around their best cyber crimals. that being said, law enforcement needs to be a better job following the money. there is virtual currencies being used to facilitate the e darkand services in web economy. if you could snuff that out and modernize laundering laws, you could go after the root of the problem, the finances. yorajini: thanfor joining us. tom: thank you.: rajiu are watching "bbc world news america." htstill to come on toni's wentam, the economic dream bust for many in brazil. people voted for change, but can the new president deliver? thousands of schoolchildren in
australia have quit their classrooms to take part in a day of rallies to demand action on climate change, despite calls from t prime minister to stay in school. the students who marched in sydney, melbourne, and brisbane, are disappointed by the way the country has tackle climate an, and were inspired by a 15-yedr-old girl in sw who took part in similar protests. hywel griffith rorts. hywel: they may not have a vote, but they definitely have ae. vo with placards, posters, they walked out of school and mobilized, organizing protests in 27 towns and cities across the country. than 1000ore rallied, demanding an end to coal and gas projects.
>> i think our government needct to take moren on climate change so that our generation and our kids' generation can have a future that is sustainable and healthy. greenhouselia's gas emissions are rising due in part to increased coal production. it is not on track to meet the imparis cle agreement targets. before he flew to the g20 summit in argentina, australian prime orminister scottson warned his country's students to stay in school, saying he wanted more letting ms activism. hisomments seem only -- more learning and less activism. his comments seem to have swelled the numbers and their anger. they may be back, students say, unless they're taken seriously, and is could be the first of many national strikes. hywel griffith, bbc news, sydney.
rajini: as we reported, leaders from the g20 nations arecu ently meeting in buenos aires, the first time the summit has been held in south america. it has been a big year in the region, with several countriesid holding prtial elections, and among them was brazil, where populist jair bolsonaro was victorious. as part of our continuing series, the bbc's katy watson looks at the economic challenges he faces. katy: it is the economic engine of latin america, the biggest city in e western hemisphere, and one of the richest in the world. but the past few years have been difficult in são paulo and the country as a wle. brazil is slowly coming out of its deepest-ever receson and unemployment remains stubbornly high. every industry has felt the pain. he has had a truck business for nearly 30 years. after more than two decades of
growth, in 2014 crisis hit.o he hadke drastic job cuts . hewi blames the previous lef administrations of lula da silva and dilma rousseff. it is why he and many others concerned about the economy voted for far right jair bolsonaro in the election. >> the decisions that the government took under the workers party were confused. the uncertainty, the lack of political credibility contaminated everyone. i am sure things will change with the new government. the proposal of opening up the country, more rational taxes, aligning brazil with countries that look to the future. the principal reason to belie in this government is that there will be less state and more economy. katy: the financial sectorea wholedly backed mr. bolsonaro. stock a markets were elatut his win. s, merely would
relieved the workers party would not return to power. not everyone is convinced. >> we need to see resuls . bolsonaro e symbol of changing the brazil economy and brazil society. ifou does not deliver that -- if he does not deliver that as fall as brazilians want, it be very complicated for him. katy: what is getting people nervous is jair bolsonaro's flip-flopping, announcing proposals and then going back on them, giving big ideas but little details. he wants to shake up everything here in brazil, but few people understand how he will go about it. for one who works outside the stock exchange selling guavas,bo onaro represents hope. he has been here for four yearsi after his job in construction. "god willing, things will get better next year so we can exit this crisis," he tells me. he thinks bolsonaro will be tougher and bring an end to corruption in politics once and for all.
gh brazil swings to the ri many feel the future of this huge and fragile democracy hangs in the balance. but economically, expectations are high. jity watson, bbc news, são paulo. : these days technology is rapidly changing the world around us, and in africa it is helping to keep crops thriving. using satellite data, btish researchers have come up with a day to predict when swarms of insects could m proveor threat. it is t hoped t this warning system will help farmers. pallab ghosh reports. pallab: he is a plant doctor and y is making his fortnighsit to this province. he treats crops ravaged by pests. this farmer's maze has been invested by tiny caterpillars. with the help of an app, he
identifies the right pesticides and other measures. >> my kids now can go to better schools because of the income i am getting from the farm input -- output, sorry. also, my home has improved because i can see d i can meet the basic needs for my family. pallab: a world away at a powerful supercomputer datant ceer in oxfordshire, the uk's space agency is trying to make life for subsistence farmers even better. sye plan is to use satellite data to develop em that is able to predict pest infestations a week or more in adnce. this map shows the land temperature one of the major factors that drives the infestations. the system combines that with weather and other data. the scheme has been incredibly successful.
it has helped 18.3 million farmers across the world. on average, their incomes and yields have increased by 13%. it is hoped that the new predictive system could do even better, boosting that figure two maybe up to >> farmers are completely dependent on crops and the predictability of having a good yielto survive and also send kids to school. if we can reduce the impact of pests and enable them to get better yields, which is what we are already seeing, they can move out of poverty. pallab: farmers now get alerts when t insects are coming and can take precautions before they arrive. e money she and others like her safe and the extra food they produce will make a big difference to them and their communities. pallab ghosh, bbc news. rajini: remember, you can find
more of all the day's news on our website, including ercontinuing ce of the g20. i am on twitter, @bbcrajiniv. i am rajini vaidyanathan. thanks very much for watching us here on "world news america w ith the bbc news app, our vertical videos are designed to work around your lifestyle, so you can swipe your way through the news of the day anstay up-to-date with the latest headlines you can trust. download now from selected app stores. >> funding of this presentation is me possible by the freeman foundation, and kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. >> what are you doing? >> possibilities. your day is filled with them. >> tv, play "downton abbey." >> and pbs helps everyonesc dier theirs.
captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening. i'm judy woodruff. on the newshour tonight: a major earthquake shakes alaska, causing heavy damage in anchorage. we have the latest from a reporter on the ground. then, president trump meets with leaders of the world's e rgest economies, amid international trsputes and other flashpoints. plus, another major data breach. marriott hotels is the latest hacking victim, with the personal information of half a billion customers now compromised. and, it's friday. mark shields and david brooks analyze this week in the russia investigation. all that and more, on tonight's pbs newshour.