tv PBS News Hour PBS November 30, 2018 6:00pm-7:01pm PST
captioning sponshoed by ne productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening. i'm judy woodruff. on the newshr tonight: a major earthquake shakes alaska, causing heavy dama in anchorage. we have the latest from a reporter on the ground. then, president trump meets with l of the world's largest economies, amid international trade disputes and other flashpoints. plus, another major data breach. marrotels is the latest hacking victim, with the person billion customers nowa compromised. and, it's friday. mark shields and david brooks analyze major developments this week in the r investigation. all that and more, on tonight's pbs newshour.
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>> the ford foundation. working withisionaries on the frontlines of social change worldwide. >> and with the ongoing support of these institutions: r.and friends of the newsh >> this program was made possible by e corporation for public broadcasting. and by contributions to your pbs n from viewers like you. thank you. >> woodruff: anchorage, alaska is assessing the damage tonight, after a powerful earthquake roed buildings and tore up roads. there have been no reports yet overnor hasbut the
declared a disaster. i spoke with lori townsend of alaska public media by phone, short time ago, about what it was like when the quake hit. >> it was the most violent shaking i've experienced. i have been in alaska for nearly 20 years and v of course, experienced many earthquakes. we had a couple of large ones in the last couplyears but ngis was very violent and a lo shake. >> woodruff: and what do you understaof that damage? >> there has been extensive damage. the sue ward ghway islosed because of rock fall at the creek and concern over other aftershocks that could create more landslide or rock fall damage, and, so, that's closed. ndere's damage on the northbou highway on the glen, it's called the glen highway. there was a partial collapse of a bridge at an intersection of
international and minnesota, and right in anchorage. there's a sinkhole on the new sue ward highwaamy ande on other parts of the highway. it's being assessed by city officials. >> reporter: amazing there were no injuries. we understand the school is closed, the oil pipeline shut down. this is causing major disruption. >> it is causing major disruption but a lot of this is precautionary a methods. alias aycay pipeline so far, they have not seen so far there isctual damage but they shut the line down as a precaution until they can ensure that. the schools have closed because the afternoon badge school district, in an abundance of caution, canceled classes for today, also monday and tuesda, and want parents just to get their kids out of there so they can assess andake sure the buildings are completely safe before children go back to school next week at some point.
we had a report of a house that actually burned down because of a gas line rupture and caused an explosion and burned. he is somebody who lived through the 1964 earthquake, and, so, lost his home. e woodruff: the rest of country is watching with concern. we wish you the best and certainly hope there turn out to be no casualties. lori townsend, thank you very much. >> thank you, judy. >> woodruff: in the y's other news, marriott announced that hackers have broken into the data banks of its hoteeaempire. the affects up to 500 million guests at hotels once run by starwood, and now ow marriott. it could involve credit card and passport numbers, and other inrmation. we'll discuss the implications, later in the program. ukraine with russia today, closing its border to all russian men between the ages of 16 and 60 years old. president petro poroshenko said he wants to prevent more
fighters from joining rebels already in e ukraine. this follows sunday's confrontation in the kerch strait, when russian border guards seized three ukrainian naval vessels and 24 sailors. in brussels, street battles broke out today at a protest over rising fuel prices and high taxes. hundreds of people rallied, clad h-visibility yellow vests. some threw rocks and torched a police car, and police fired tear g high-pressure hoses. officials condemned the violence, but protesters insisted they be. >> ( translated ): all the tagovernment does is creats. they are outside the world. they don't know what the price of bread is, they don' know what it's like to pay their bills themselves. and the people, here the yellow vest, we are just saying that we're fed up. >> woodruff: t protests were organized to copy fro
ongoing demonstrations in france against increased fuel taxes. tens of thousands of farmers marched on india's parliament today appealing for better crop prices and debt relief. the crowds carried banners and signs, and some held human skulls, symbolizing a stunning 300,000 farmer suicides in the last two decades. they demanded action by prime minister narendra modi. >> ( translated ): prime minister modi said he will bring good days. but for us farmers, bad days are here. where are the good days? what else can we do except protest? we are starving. >> woodruff: the protesters say droughled crops and extreme debt affect millions of farmers. the u.s. is under new pressure to send medical specialists back into northeastern congo to fight an ebola outbreak. it is now the second largest in history, with more than 400 cases and nearly 200 deaths since augu major medical journals today urged u.s. actio the state
department has warned health workers to stay out of the region, after deadly a by rebel groups. sands of students skippe school in australia today, demanding action on climate ange. ildren ranging from five to 18 years old rlied in 30 cities and towns. they called for 100%enewable energy by 2030. >> because of continual inaction from politicians, we felt the need to leave school, because this is our future. we can't sit idly and watch them not act upon something that is so critical and encompasses the wholhuman race. >> woodruff: australian prime minister scott morrison defended his climate record. and, his resources minister, mthatt canavan, saistudents should have stayed in school instead of protesting. he said, "yodon't learning anything from that." back in this country, a texas grand jury has indicted a white former dallas police officer for
murder. amber guyger fatally shot an unarmed black neighbor in september. she says she entered the wrong apartment, and thought the man was an intruder. she originally faced a lesser charge of manslaughter. the pentagon is now expected to extend troops at the mexican border through january. the defense department received the request today from the department of homeland security. it also calls for cutting the number of deployed tfrom 600 to 4,000. and, on wall street, stocks staged a new rally, es for stable interest rates, and for progress in trade talks with china. the dow jones industrial average gained nearly 200 points, to close at 25,538. the nasdaq57 points, and the s&p 500 added 22. still to come on the newshour: president trump face-to-face with leaders of the world's largest economies.
the personal data of hundreds of millions of marriott customers is compromised. michael cohen's guilty plea renews the focus on the president's buness dealings in ssia. plus, mark shields and david brooks examine a packed week of politics. >> woodruff: leaders of the world's wealthiest indusial nations began two days of meetings today at the g-20 summit in argentina. buour nick schifrin reports from the summit site in buenos airs, it comes at a rtment of global unnty. >> schifrin: the g-20 leaders'se premiere event for global governance. it forcepowerful leaders into ae room, where everyone played nice, including european and russian aders. but in this era of populism, this family isn't united, in
waving or in governg. there are major disagreements: over climate change, as turkey er migration, as the u.s. resists language about the global refugee problem requiring a global respoe. and steel and trade, where chtsese and american diploma are battling. european diplomats say they feel increasingly alone in fighting for multi-lateralism, but are still pushing, as european council president donald tusk did today: >> as this is a diffict moment for international cooperation, i would like to appeal to the leaders to use this summit, including the bilateral and informal exchanges, to seriously discuss real issues such as trade wars, the tragic situation in syria and yemen, and the russian aggression in ukraine. >> schifrin: that's a reference to russi ships ramming and firing on ukrainian boats last sunday, and detaing ukrainian ilors paraded on russian tv. despite a busy week in the special counsel's investigation,
president trump reiterated that was the only reason he canceled a planmeeting with russian president vladimir putin. >> hopefully they'll be able to settle it out soon, because we look forward to meeting with president putin. but on the basis of whook place, with respect to the ships and sailors-- that was the sole reason. >> schifrin: but u.s.-russia tension extends to nuclear arms control-- the intermediate-range treaty the u.s. is threatening to leave, and the new start treaty that administration officials have questioned. today, president putin bemoaned not being able to discuss that. >> ( translated ): a possible withdrawal of the united states from intermediate-range nuclear forces treaty and an ambiguous position in terms of extension of the strategic offensive arms treaty create risks of an uncontrollable arms race. chifrin: this year's argentinian hosts promised to focus on how prosperity can be mshared. buh of today's focus was on blood that's been shed. saudi crown prince mohammed bin salman is here, after being
accused of ordering the death and dismemberment of critical journalist jamal khashoggi. during the family photo, he was in the corner, isolated. but he smiled at president trump. he got a smile from french president emmanuel macron, in a phot foreign ministry.audi and from putin, during whose tenure there have igh- profile murders of political opponents, turncoat spies, and criticalalists, m.b.s., as he's widely known, got a high five. a few miles from the summit venue, protestors remained peaceful as they criticized capitalism, and complained about argentina's struggling economy. president trump described the the new u.s.-mexico- canada free trade agreement as a boon to the u.s. economy, but canadian prime minister justin trudeau used the ceremony to push for the end of u.s.- instigated tariffs. >> and, donald, it's all the more reason why we need to keep working to remove the tariffs on steel and aluminum between our countries. >> schifrin: on january 1, the u.s. is set to dramatically increase the tariffs on chinese
impo chinese president xi jinping is here, and will hold a high- stakes dinner wiresident trump tomorrow night. today,rump hinted he was open to a deal. >> we're working very hard. if we could make a deal, that would be good. i think they want to, and i think we'd like to, and, we'll see. oodruff: and nick schifr joins me now. so, nick, with regard to china, the u.s. is signaling a deal is likely tomorrow yeah, that's certainly what they're saying. the trade representative said he would bevery surprised" if dinner was not successful. he's been a big hawk and will bt hat dinner tomorrow night. so that's a sign at the very least that the talks between the two sides so far have gone well and the u.s. goes into thiswi dinner some confidence. now, that doesn't mean that this is the end of what some analysts are calling a cold war betweens. the nd china. this is more like a cease fire. why would that look like, perhaps? the u.s. might agree to suspend the tariffs that are supposed to go into effect on january 1, and
the chinese would agree to start buying farm and energy products again from the u.s. but the larger tension, anything from intellectual property, access to the south china sea can't be solvedin overr tomorrow night. >> woodruff: you mentioned the crown prince mohammed bin salman of saudi arabia, how much of the focus there has been on leaders criticized as beingth itarian? >> as one critic of the president put it to me today, basically a forum that's supposed to be for ilusive leadership has become a forum for authoritarian because of the indelible image of bin salman and president putin.an this is abouty things. u.s. and china. president trump met with president moon of south korea to talk about north korea and this document to communicate leaders with still negotiating and still trying to figure out. so no matter how, perhaps, memorable the sigle image, is
the fact thaty substantivis summit is not only about that. what is the status of the communique? what do you expect? >> there's a document this morning that the sh sherpas, the diplomats had reviewed it and will go back tonight to talk about the dispute. the climate changere has been an agreement according to the diplomats i talked to about the inclusion of the paris clicket accord. they're working on the wording. multi-laism, a big dispute between europe and the united states, diplomats say there has been an agreemen along lines of a commitment to workg multi-laterally on a rules-based order and those words have been a red line for the europeans. but the big ones, migration, trade and steel still in disput china pushing for language about free tradethe u.s. resisting and inclusion of protectionism.
all over the world to try to get to an agreement, thisdocument down to about three pages. last year's was 15pages. they're trying to be much more vague. judy, just goes to show how difficult connsus is not only here in buenos aires but all over the world. >> woodruff: for sure. nick schifrin reporten og the g20 suit in argentina. thank you, nick. >> thank you. >> woodruff: the breach hto the marrioel chain's reservation database is one of the biggest hackin history, second only to the breaches at yahoo that affected three billion accounts. as amna reports, the hackers-- still unidentified-- accessed t reservations system of marriott's starwood hotel properties as far back as 2014. >> nawaz: the breach affected personal data of half a billion custin all. for more than 300 million of
them, the hackers were able to get lots of informat including names, phone numbers, email addresses, pasort numbers, dates of birth, and arrival and departure information. the hack affected starwood hotels such as the sheraton, westin, st. regis anw hotels. it's the latest in a series of major breaches. most significantly, the credit rating agency equifax was hit last year th a big breach affecting nearly 150 million people. in 2015, hackers were able to get at the records of nearly 80 million customers of the nce giant, anthem. and one of the more well-known retail breaches was target, back in 2013. more than 40 million people were affected that year. to help us understand what's at risk in this case and others, we check in with david kennedy, the c.e.o. of trusted sec, a security and consulting firm. david, welcok to the "newshour". based open the informatiothat was taken, how it was taken, do
we have any idea who was behind the hack or how tin foe can be used? >> curre hasn't been released. what's particularly about this one is the informatn that hasn't been seen on the dark web we would see from an organized crime perspective. it's a differentre crerding their motives actually getting access into the infrastrweuctur. e trying to learn who they are. but they had access to a substantial amount of information including potential loss of credited cards. the marriott making a statement they couldn't determine whether they got access to the encryption keys used to get accesso the credit cards which were encrypted. this could be a much larger breech ingeature, larthan the target breech, depending if they have access to that credit card information. >> that password seems to be unique. >> everythint your personal life, your security questions, home address, phone
numbers, passport information, all these things can be used in order to do additional identities and things like that. sye passport itself isn't to replicate or clone but just having that information and being able to go to different locations and note that this is also the loyalties program potentially impacted by this, so being able to go to hols for free and having passports. if you ever travel internationally, they require you to have your passport i.d., so definitely could be used from a fraud perspective to utse t information against you ant things you can't easily change, especially youdate of birth. >> give me a sen of the attacks in the past and how that information was used. requireof the organized crime groups that take information that we call the cart market to sell them in different batches. usually they lap quickly within usually a couple of weeks or days within a specific breech and thenstsuallyes longer to determine where that breech came from. with things like equifax, for
example, thoh, it wasumored that was nation states, ors hostile countrainst the united states using that information for large collection ttelligence purposes. not sayingt's what's happening here. we don't know at this point in time. but it'lydefinite peculiar this information has publicly been posted on the rk web sites for sale to make a profit. so a lot of motives and demographics seen in the past with different other breaches. it's going to take time toun rstand if we can attribute it back to a group or adversaray liken states that would be hostile to the united states. >> these breaches are no longers ual sms are companies getting better at preventing them? >> we saw the massive breaches in the retail space like home depot, j j johns, target. a jolt went through the retail sector where they beefed up security to protect information. but the hospitality, healthcare,
governmentnes that are not focusing on government secrets are usually behind when it comes d security and they are absolutely nng enough. they have large amounts of n information, 500 millionis case, half a billion records, but most hospital -- hospitality services don't necessarily s.nsider themselves a target for hack in this case that's obviously what occurred and will take more breaches in different iustry verticals for these thing to occur. so now the answer is no they're t doing enough to protect your information and most these companies don't believe they're a target and don't spend enough wh it comes to security-related efforts. >> if companies aren't doing enough for anyone out there who thinks they're part of the eech, what can individuals do to better pret vent this from happening? >> first and foremost, we don't know the extent of the breech but 's safe to say passwords were probably compromised. if you had a star account from 2013 up to this point this year,
chan password. if you use the password anywhere elmmonly with large data breaches, hackersave toolso automatically log into all the different sites to try the passwords with email addresses. you can call the credit bureaus and lock your credit so things can't be taken out in advance. that's a good precautionary measure. services like life lock, for example, you have a $1 million insurance policy in case someone taous out yidentity and steals your identityses it for fraudulent activity, they will fix that credit and give you monitors for things occurring out there. one of the most important steps we see is your financial institutions, social media accounts, things like thatave additional settings you can log into your site with and have two-factor awe thenfication, that allow you to get one-time
text message to your phone to log in if a hacker gets access to your password they don't have accecos to your t because they don't have your phone. that's one to have the besto steps t stop the hacker attack attacks. >> david kennedy, thank you very much. >> thank you very mu >> woodruff: this was, you might say, a marquee week for special counsel robert mueller's investigation into president trump's 2016 campaign. lisa desjardins reports on what we are learning about mr. trump's ties to russia. >> desjardi: judy, here are just some of the developments this week: trump campai foreign policy adviser george papadapoulos reported to prison to serve his sentence for lying to e f.b.i. mueller said former trump campaign chairman paul manafort broke his plea agreementy lying to investigators. and, mr. trump's personal lawyer michael cohen pleaded guil to lying to congress about some of the president's business ties to
russia. former personal lawyer. for some context, two reporters tracking the business and national security implications. matea gold. she's the enterprise and investigations editor for the "washington post." and, davger. he's a national security correspondent for the "new york "e thanks to both of you. as the president said,, it's not illegal to try to build a hotel in russia, but my qution to you david sanger, what do we know about overlaps between businessman donald trump's deals in russia an politician donald trump's policies about russia? >> well, la, that's the central question because, from hthe start ofis campaign in 2015, he was taking an unusual position, a much softer position on russia than almost any of his republican competitors, and certainly than the republican party had in the past. i went to see him with maggie
haigman, my colleague at the time, in march 2016 and we did the first sort of lengthy foreign policy interview, and when i asked aboussia, the first thing he did was veer into the question of why the u.s. ws continuing sanctions on russia for its annxation of crimea. he argued crimea was far from as, european countries didn't care about thimuch as we did, why are we doing this? well what do we nownow? we now know that same month march of 2016, his aides were still negotiating on whether or not they would be getting permission to build a building in moscow, and, of course,they re dealing with the kremlin to some degree on this, and he was offering a t positiont was music to vladimir putin's ears. thathat doesn't mean the two are causally related. we just don't know. >> matea gold, your team has ng something first reported in buzz feed yet that, in fact, the trump organization team trying to work on the trump tower in moscow floated the idea
to russian officials of a $50 million penthouse apartment for vladimir putin. myuestion to you because you've take an broad look at all, this how long has donald trump and the trump organization tried to build a hotel in russia and what do we know how president trump was involved in canada in trying to make that happen. >> the 2016 effort was a capstone on a 30-year quest by donald trump to bring his brand to moscow. he and his then wife ivana actually traveled to t then soviet union in 1987 to out locations for a possible trump tower or development, an y over trs he repeatedly tried to make adale happen that never was quite done. 2015 and 2016 was very interesting because, even months he famously came down the golden escalator and announced sis candidacy for president in
october 2015, trumed a letter of intent to continue searching for a deal in russia, and we kat his personal attorney michael cohen made it a mission to make it happehen. told congress the effort was dead, essentially, in january of 2016 just as trump's candidacy was getting going and starting to take hold and sai his efforts to reach top aides of presidentutin neverot a response. e falsened those wer statements that, in fact, he spoke to a fernl assistant, top putin aide in 2016 forbo a 20 minutes about securing land for a project and in the next ssnths continued to discuss the project and disd the project with members of stanley and the president. >> reporter: i want to look at that moment more, that moent where cohen says that, yes, in
fact, he did, in 2016, have contact back and forth with the putin liant about this idea a trump towen moscow. i want to ask you, sfd sfd, how significant this push with dimitri where it looks like this puputy was in fact trying to communicate with trump people as well. >> mr. pet coof is powerful, y u hehim speaking for putin, you heard him speaking from argentina on some these issues. here's the critical point -- president trump said yesterday as he was leaving for the summit that he was continuing his business operatioens, qu openly, he said, though we didn't know about this nego,ation that was ongoi because he might lose his quest for the presidency and then he would have to go back into business and he didn't want to
lose any opportunities. well, that's fine, excepyou open yourself up to exactly this kind of charge, that there's a conflict of interest and that foreign nations that are seeking or others who are seeking influence will use their business relationship to try to inflnce him or his views might be altered or appear to be altered in order to keep a potential business partner happy, and that's the central question. did he alter his view of american policy toward russia for that reason? >> reporter: matea, so much of this seems to be centering around thtrp organization and mr. trump's businesses and atny think the road map to wh his business was actually doing was his tax returns. can robert mueller obtain the tax returns and do we know if he's tried>>? e don't have any public confirmation that the special counsel has the president's tax returns, but i would note that that is a pretty basic
investigative technique is to look at someone's finances when you're snizing any sort of color crime or financial priority and he could as a prosecutor obtain those. i think it's safe the say mueller has substantially more materialin the public domain assisting him in his investigation. so we reall don't know from tot side all the pieces he's looking at while putting together his >> matea gold, david sanger, thank you so much. >> thank you. >> woodruff: it has been momentous week in the mueller investigation. us better understand the broader implications, we turn to the analysis of shields and brooks. that's syndicated columnist mark shields, and "new york times" columnist david brooks. he ho to both of you. so as we just heard in lisa's
conversation, we've bee watching the story all week, a lot of the information out there, a lot from mr. muelpolera lot ed in the media not confirmed yet. now,does it all add up to to you? >> i think it adds up to gravity, i think it adds up to anxiety, i think it adds up to nervousness on the partad of the nistration, particularly the white house. i think, judy, what saw is that the president' personal attorney testifying in court with mr. mueller's own ratifi of his testimony, that all the way through the nominating process in 2016, right upo the eve of the convention, by the time donald trump had sold up the -- sowed up the nomination that they were actively -- he, mr. cohen and others were actively seeking to establish a property in moscow,
an ambitf donald trump for more than 30 years. it played to donald trump's denials to this effect that he said there was notng going on. and i think it becomes serious that he lied to the american penle throughout the campa of 2016, now becomes, i think, matter of at least public debate if not presumption. >> woodruff: but, david, the president is saying o deal developed, there was no hotel buils soere really anything here to see? >> there's gote something. the thing that strikes me about this investigation is it's like a miion pieces ot there. there's like the julian assange piece, the moseal piece, the tax piece, the roger stone, whatever he was doing, paying off strippers, there's a million pieces in this investigation and we don nee which will open on any given day. so that tells me this is going to occupy the trump presidency for a long time and dominate for the next little while.
the second thing i think what we're learnefrd michael cohen is trump was probably more invof ed in a lot oings than we knew before. trump seems to be involved in these calls and things like that. the crucial thing i don't know is wn he's accused of something he shifts theh goalposts whis to say he renorming. they say, yo were lying in the campaign, he says yeah, i was doing that, fe. they say, you may have been compromised by moscow to get a business deal, he says, yeah, i may have been doing something. he's completely unashamed. the question beces, richard nixon was forced to resign over obstruction of justice. supposed there's an obstruction of justice cashere. have our norms changed that that is no longer a political death sentence? and that may have happened.
is i think david s a good point. naere's no question that do trump is a mutant. he has no embarrassment gene. oodruff: a mutant? he really is. he'srational. he's not embarrassed. i mean, richard nixon on tap w sacould do this but it would be wrong and we know it's wrong. that doesn't -- that's not a construction, a sentence that would pass donald trump's lips. i mean, it isn't a question. if titnsactional, to my advantage, to my disadvantage, his morality. does it enhance him, does it in any way diminish him, which, of course, is the original and most grievous of all sins. so i dthink that our norms, i hope, veot been hopelessly impaired or damaged, and don't forget that it was, in fact, th,
obstruction ofustice in both the cases of bill clinton's impeachment, attempting to influence witnesses and how thet ied, and richard nixon's. so these are serious offenses e d there arecedents for pursuing that. >> but it's the hardest thing for the mural team is there's a lot of prosecutorial discretion involved in these things and at what point do we say this is enough to challenge the president in some fundamental existential way and at what i wt po they think we have enough to go out in this aggressive way and at what point do think think, no, this will just turn into a political circumstances. so the political norms othe culture will affect how mueller makes that decision. so. >> woodruff: so you believe the president may be changing the cultural moral normhes of country? ut that first republican debate, he's talking ahings no president ever talked about, insulting ote'her peo
looks -- >> woodruff: yeah. so it's just been a continual ocess ofthat. so at some point the norm runs into law but the law has an area of discretion that will make the case. the thing that's hanging out there is there's o much. and it's no at evbout collusion with the russians anymore. there's so much out there that this person has been involved with for the past 20 years and we don't know what's going to spring up tomorrow. >> while we wait, is the president hobbledt all? how is he impaired? we saw a senate vote this week. republicans, most of whom never stood up, joined and said, yes, we're going to have debate on whether the u.s. shod be backing the saudi arabia war in yemen. t is that the beginning of their standing up to the president? a that may be the beginni the end of the republican insurgency. i don't think there is a real
republican movement. there are doubts, judy. the presumption of donald trump was he was magic among republicans. he won on issues that republicans had run away from, had disdained and rejected, whether you're talng about trade, noninterventionist reign policy, chumminess with russia, he just ran totally against what had been the republican d he won the nomination and the electoral college. so they --nd he won an awful lot of white, blue-ctellar s in the process that had not been available to other republins. so he had magic. they sustained, republicans, lew this be they sustained the biggest defeat in a midterm ection suffered by any party in popular vote terms since the last nine presidential elections. we have to go back to ronald reagan in 1984 tsee a larger margin between the two parties,
9 million votes. so the magic is in doubt now. i mean, the democrats just give him a pummeling. they lost 40 house seats. there was one republic left in all of southern california. the famous duncan hunter. he's under indictment, facing divorce, he's going to lose his seat and the house, his own house. so that's the republican party in california at this point. that's the rean party in so much of the country. so hhas lost his magic, but they are still intimidated by him because they're scared stiff they will do to them what he did mark sanford. mitch mcconnell is pleasing donald trump to sethis day bec he's afraid of 2020 in kentucky. se woodruff: david, do yo the republicans in congress more willing to stand up to the president? i think marginally, as mar described. in the foreign policy matters they hav been more able to
stand up to him. the republican party hasn't been particularly fond of the russians or saudi arabia. when trumphouse a foreign policy doctrine built on authoritarian business partners, d adimir putin he saudis, and that's not where the republican party er has been or probably will be after donald trump. so there's an actual intellectuference on these matters and they're more willing t to be much tougher on the saudis at's been in the last two years. >> we saw the c.i.a. director banned from testifying. >> woodruff: a hush-up. over kshoggi, over the saudi prince's involvement if not ordering of the murder of khashoggi, at which the c.i.a. has concluded is the case, but donald trump says, no, those are just feelings on the part of the .i.a. >> woodruff: but the administration isgesaying we t to see who shows up to talk to congress and who doesn't.
so. >> that's fine. >> woodruff: let's talk about nancy pelosi. she cemented she's the nominee of the democratic caucus and election of the speaker, they're going to vote in january but 32 democrats voted against her. what does that mean? can she pull it together? and what do you see that's ppened among theemocrats in the house? >> well, a lot of peopl one, there's simply an age issue for a lot of democrats. bicy pelosi looks pretty impressive and strong now. it's hard to lose a football game when there's no other team d she has that advantage. i don't think she would have much trouble s the one thin is giving away, i'm not even sure it's giving away, is the speaker has a tremendous amount of power ton not things to a vote, and it seems she's agreeing toes change rwhich is a lobby campaign group called no label which has been on for the last
several years to make -- when you have a lot ar bsan sponsors, then it has to come to the floor for a vote, and one person, the speaker, can't just sort of were youy it in a closet, and that's a good thing for the house in general and something pelosi is agreeing. it's may be something that she actually wants to do jusbet use it's a good piece for the house. >> the democt from arizona said when the democrats want a firing sadhey organize and that's what they've done. they tried to snatch defeat from the jaws of victory. they sustained this marvelous victory led by nancy pelosi. che had 146,500 attack ads run against her, ording to the "wall street journal," be w no answer. e doesn't have rallies. she doesn't run positive tv spots, and she's the most effective speaker of my lifetime. i say that with the greatest respect in the world for tip o'neil and for sam rayburn and
for other great speakers. she's the best. >> that's saying something. it's a long lifetime. i'll ay this, the democrats, they don't have anybody else, judy. and the hottest places in hell in a time of moral crisis remain neutral. i don't kn going to do.are will they vote for kevin mccarthy or will they turn it back in they have to make a choice. i respect ttheir integ and their interest in changes and reform and everything else, but it comes dto are you for pelosi or mccarthy? there's going to be a speaker. who's your choice? >> don't see anyonemerging between now and january. thus spake mark shield and david brooks. thank you both. >> thank you. >> woodruff: and we'll be back shortly, with the story of a new approach to juvenile justice.
>> woodruff: efforts to fix problems with the nation's criminal justice system, including taking a closer look at what to do about teenagers who commit minor crimes. our "newshour shares" tonight looks at one program in newark, new jersey, which offers an alternative to jail for minors. fr lom our student reportis at philips academy charter school, 12-year-old yasmeena sharif reports. >> all rise for the honorable judge. this icase 13018. >> reporter: if this looks like a real-life courtroom, that's cause it is. at the newark youth court in new jersey, teenagers are e judge, jury, plaintiff, and defendants. the high school students are really running the show. jasmine harden is the program coordinator. >> when students walk into youth court, you're seeing your peers,
so you'rng students look just like you. >> reporter: but this court is uniqfering a chance for introspection. for young people who have committed minor, first-time offenses, like truancy, fighting, vandalism, youth court is an alternative to youth incarceration. >> we're giving udent the opportunity to sit on the stand and talk to us about them. are they remorseful about what happened? what wouy do differently? and then the student leaves with some restorative sanctions. so this be community service, a workshop, jury duty, a letter of apology, or an essay, where it applies. >> reporter: for a ydult who is accused of a minor e fense, the police, a school official or a ju a preliminary hearing can refer the defendant to the youth court for trial. here, a jury of their peers decides theishment. shantae was first referred to the youth court fossing a classmate online. >> i was actually getting bullied in school, a then i
actually turned into a bully trying to react to the person, hough i knew it wasn't t right way. but it was no other way to defend myself. >> reporter: for her sentence, she was assigned community service and a letter of apology to the student she bullied. >> the whole time i s at youth court, i never felt like anyone was against me. reu actually feel safe, and in an environment wou can talk and communicate with people just like you. >> reporter: her positive experience led her to become a member of the youth court. talethea parker olunteer juror. >> when you walk in there, you're not expecting youth to be g there on a judge seat, as a bailiff, as a youth advocate, as a community advocate. you are expecting adults to be there. so i just feel like they are more comfortable telling they >> reporter: this model allows young people to resolve conflict outside the justice sy leaving them free of a criminal record. andrea mcchristian is an associate counsel at the new jersey institute for social
juice. >> here in new jersey, we have the worst black/white youth rceration disparity rate in the entire nation. >> reporter:orcchristian au a report that argued that youth incarceration in new rsey is costly and ineffective. >> we need to look at the racial disparities, look at how we canr keep those kid not getting system involved in the first place, and that's through diversion programs like youth court. >> reporter: lieutenant elvis >> reporter: that certainly proved true for shantae. >> this experience has definitely changed mause it's definitely shown me, like, there's another side to this world, and that everybody meant to be heard. even if you don't feel like your opinion matters, everybody's opinions matter. you just never know what you'll bring to the table. it's all up to you. >> reporter: for thebs newshour's student reporting labs, i'm yasmina sharif in newark, new jersey. >> woodruff: and all next week, we'll hear from newshour correspondents across the
country for our series, "t future of work." >> reporter: i'm here in eastern kentucky, where a community built by coal is now figuring out what's next for its workforce. in our new series, "the future of work," we'll look at evolving job markets across the country. >> woodruff: that's all next week opbs newshour. and that's the newshour for tonight. i'm judruff. join us online, and again here on monday evenin for all of us at the pbs newshour, thank you and we'll see you soon. have a great weekend. >> major funding for the pbs ed by:ur has been provid >> financial services firm raymond james. >> bnsf railwa >> consumer cellar. >> supporting social entrepreneurs and their solutions to the world's most pressing pblems-- skollfoundation.org.
>> the william and fra hewlett foundation. for more than 50 years, advancing ideas and supporting institutions to promote a better world. at www.hewlett.org. >> and with the ongoing support of these institutions and friends of the newshour. >> this program was made possible by the corporation for public broadcasting. and by contributions to your pbs ation from viewers like you. thank you. captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc
even stopping for a drink can be memorable. e pomegranate -- that symbolic bundle of fertility -- providelcome and refreshing break between the rich sight-seeing stops this city offers. man: pomegrate is healthy, it's good for the heart and good for the blood. dr i hope you enjoy youk. cheers. steves: thank you, brother. holds over half of the old city's population. exploring its busy pedestrian lanes and market stalls, yoel like you could be anywhere in the arab world. we visitedayust before a holy and the energy was exhilarating. experiences are often edible and tasty. just for you. [speaks indistinctly] while complete muslim control of jerusalem is unrealistic, many arabs envision an independent palestinian state
with this pajerusalem -- east jerusalem -- as their capital. it's a very coisentious issue, anel seems determined to keep jerusalem whole and in its control. in fact, while wandering the heart of the muslim quarter, you may see houses fortified and festooned with israeli flags. these are the homes of jewish families staking out this bit of the old city for their community. [ muezzin calling adhan ]
tonight the blue wave continues as anher democrat declares victory in a tight congressional race. as well as term ooil and tear gas on the boarder. rvivors of the camp fire are trying to pull their lives together after losing everything in the state's deadliest wieltd fire. and missions dist.ct in the '8 a look at -- we begin with with politics. one of the last house races is in central valley. this week hobs declared victory in that race.