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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  December 5, 2018 2:30pm-3:00pm PST

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[applause] >> annow, "bbc world news." jane: this is "bbc world news america." reporting from washington, i am jane o'brien. tributes to a president at the national cathedral. george h.w. bush is honored as a friend, colleague, and father. mr. bush: i said, dad, i love you and you have been a wonderful father, and the la words he would say on earth were "i love you, too." jane: awkward moments, to, as the current president sat next to his predecessors, who have become frequent political targets.g and mappthe very essence of our biology. how a massive genome project in the uk could help those with
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diseases. welcome to our viewers onn public televis the u.s. and around the globe. by most accounts, it was a fitting sendoff for a president beloved by family and friends and respected by colleagues and rivals. today's funeral for president george h.w. bushn washington mixed humor and sadness, capturing the characteof a man who stood out as a gentleman in politics. his son president george w. bush gave one of the most moving tributes. our north america editor jon sopel starts our coverage. jon: a nation prepares to bid farewell to the last of theat ereatest genn. those political lewho fought in the second world war and then served their country with distinction. the extended bush family looked on as his flag-draped coffin was
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moved to the national cathedral. among the urners, prince charles, representing the queen, and sir john major, prime minister during the first gulf war and close friend of george h.w. bush. german chancellor angela merkel had come, ever grateful for the role that president bush played in the reunification of her country. in the front pew, all the living former u.s. presidents were there, and of course, the serving president donald trump, d o, who until george h.w. bush's death been so disdainful of the family. on this day of national mourning, it was also a rare day diof national unity for a ded country. unity there may have been. warmth there wasn't. the body language as chilly as the december day outside. the eulogy was delivered by his son the former president george h.w. bush. it was pitch perfect, mixing humor and pathos.
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mr. bush: i said "dad,yo love you anhave been a wonderful father." thanlast words he would ever say on earth were, "i love you, too." s he was close to perfect. but not totally perfect. his short game was lousy. [laughter] mr. bush: he was not exactlyre fred astn the dance floor. the man could not stomach vegetables. especially broccoli. [laughter] mr. bush: and by the way, he passed these geneticts on to us. aughter] jon: finally, an emotional farewell from a son to his father. l. bush: through our tear us know the blessings of knowing and loving you, a great and noble man. the best father a son or daughter could have.
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and in our grief, let us smile knowing that dad is hugging mom and holding mom's hand again. jon: as president, george h.w. bush said he wanted to see a kinder, gentler nation, something not at the forefront in 2018. the end of an era indeed. jon sopel, bbc news, washingtonn jane: presbush had established his political career long before he reached the white house. he was vice president for 8 years under ronald reagan, serving at the pinna american politics for more than a decade. during that time, bob walker was a republican congressman from pennsylvania. he joined me a short time ago. so many tribut today. what is your favorite memory? >> mike cameron >> my favorite memory is of him coming to the house chamber at one poin i had done parliamentary procedures to stop democrats on the floor from interfering with negotiatns he was having in
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europe. when he flew back from europe, he came immediately to the house floor, where the republican nfence was meeting, to thank me for what i had done to preserve the integrity of his negotiations. and so that is a favorite memory.i so campaigned a lot with him because i was with ronald reagae in tarly days, so opposing george bush's campaign in 1980. but after they became a team, id campaignith him.fa he was just astic individual to have known. e ne: so what was he like when he didn't agth somebody? did you see rage or something like that? mr. walker: i didn't. i i'm sure there were times he was very unhappy with things that were going on. but trulhe believed that politics was not a blood sport, that it was an exchange of ideas, and you win some, you lose some.
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he did it always as a gentleman. the dignity of the funeral rvices expressed very well the dignity of the man.: ja that time foreign affairs was in the ascendance.u what do ink his legacy is there? -- his legacy is largely will be that he presided magnificently over the close of the cold war and the reunification of europe from the iron curtain back into the economicphere of western europe. he doesn't really get enough iccredit for the way in whthat was carried out. the u.s. had a major responsibility and did it beautifully. jane: of course, the world is full of what-ifs, but what if he had a second term? what do you think he would've done? mr. walker: i think it would
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have been a continuation of who wa-- where h he believed we needed to get to economic stability. he believed that the united states had a mission globally. m he wing toward a lot of accomplishments in that area. in many ways, some of the successes we had in the late 1990's, the foundation was laid by george bush jane: congressman bob walker, thank you for joining me. mr. walker: as to be with you. -- nice to be with you. jane: even before his death, historians have been assessing the impact of america's 41st president. y earlier my colleagues kay and christian fraser spoke to renowned author doris kearns goodwin. her latest book focuses on the character of four presidents including abraham lincol katty: you are watching -- you were watching today's funeral. you met george herbert walker bush. does he fit your definition as a great american leader?
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he certainly has a numb of the qualities. he hasit hum, that is one of the most important things. olhis motherhim "don't speak about i." when he came home from a soccer game and he scored three goals , shee asked, how did am do. hepl had empathy for p everyone who knew him knew how kind he was was that person. he had resilience. he came back from nearly dying ine orld war ii. e problem that was not really bridged was his communication skills with the american people. he was so good when he talkedh individually wople. he built a coalition that really worked and other leaders knew him. i think he fits pretty well. however, would be, that even if we don't judge him as a presidential historian, the verdict of history has been reached. the fact that he had so many public service jobs at time when public service is not looked on with honorability -- congressman, cia, ambassadoro the un, vice president, president -- that is great to
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give a life of privilege to publicervice. that verdict of history's met whatever historians think 200 years from now. katty: america is not always kind on onterm presidents. is seen as a sign of weakness, a failure to have only one term in offi. but i look aadall of those s today -- prince charles, angela merkel, king abdullah of jordan, lech walesa. he had a hugempt around the world. there his leadership was shown aned. doris: without question. you think about the challenges he faced when he came in -- the soviet union falling apart, the berlin wall was going to fall. as a result, he understood that he could not boast about america's role in that, which is what people wanted him to do. he understood the hardliners might be up against what was going on with gorbachev.th humility put him in great stead. and then building the coalition for the gulf war. 26 other countries -- he could call up margaret thatcher in the middle of the nightelthe personalionship that is missing now. christian: that line in the conversation, doris, apparently
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from margaret thatcher, "this is no time to go wobbly, george." as you s in your book, leaders tend to evolve in times of crisis. did his leadership evolve in that moment in time? doris: that is a really good question, because what history seems to suggest is that temperament is suited for certain challenges that come in the time. the question is does the man make the times or the times make the man? hisame in at a time when diplomatic experience and his whole humility and way of life was perfectly suited for that moment. it may have been less suited for having visionary understanding of domestic politics and getting ahead of the recessionwhich is partly why he lost the election. or foreigntly suited policy. the interesting thing is that lyndon johnson was perfectly suited for civil rights domestic politics and less so for foreign policy. fdr is one of the leaders who could bridge those different kinds of challenges.
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ne: doris kearns goodwin there. let's have a quick look at some of the day's other news. enrussia's presvladimir putin has said that moscow will start developing missiles if the u.s. pulls out of a cold war-ern nuclear armsol treaty. the u.s. accuses russia of breaching the deal and issued a ty-day ultimatum for moscow to comply with the tr mr. putin says washington's cusation is a pretext for leaving it. turkey has issued arrest thrrants for close aides t saudi crown prince who have been accused of involvement in the murder of journalist jamal khashoggi. the aides were sacked following th killing and are being investigated by saudi authorities, but turkish officials t sy don't believe formal action will be taken against them. iathe spcounsel in the russia investigation says former national security advisor michael flynn should've not serve jail time for lying to the fbi. investigators say he pntvided subsl assistance in their probe of possible links between
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the trump election team and russian officials. mr. flynn is one of several former trump associates in the legal limelight this week. let's bring in the bbc's rajini vaidyanathan for more. why would prosecutors, who have spent an awful lot of time trying to prosecute mr. flynn, say he should not say any jail time? rajini: that is because he has been very useful to the mueller investigation. he has been around a year since he pleaded guilty to lying to the fbi. ever since then he has been cooperating with investigators. he had 1970 interviews with the mueller team, a- 19 separate interviews with the mueller team, he amount of face time to provide information. what we read in the document -- the defendant assisted with several ongoingga investions. it's as a criminal investigation -- we don't have much detail on that -- and the special counsel investigation concerning whether there was links or coordinations
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between the russian government and the trump campaign. jane: how much do we know about whether or not this information is helpful? you have that on the table there which has a lot of bh ck lines thro. rajini: it says "the defendant has provided substantial assistance in the criminal investigation" -- we don't know what. in this one it says "the defendant provided useful information concerning" -- well who knows, jane. he was very close to donald trump. longtime advisor to him. he went on to become national security advisor, albeit for 23 days. he spent hours and hours talking to investigators. a crucial work in these ntdocu he provided firsthand information. he was describing things he says he saw. jane: presumably that is not going toru please donald and his very dim view of anybody who helps the investigation. rajini: absolutely. he has a dim view of this investigationhe altogether.
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as repeatedly called it a witch hunt, as you know. there are other people close to thewho areelping investigation for the for example, tacklcohen -- michael cohen, his former lawyer who has been helping the investigation. donald trump has rubbished him and called him a liar as well. narmer campaign manager paul fort has been accused of lying to investigators as part ofis plea deal, and quite interestingly, donald trump ntinues to heap praise on him. jane: rajini vaidyanathan, thank you very much for joining me. you are watching "bbc world news america." still toht come on toni's the british pri ministers accused of misleading lawmakers over the irish border ahead of next week's crucial vote on her brexit plan. a woman who served two jail terms for refusing to wear the
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compulsory headscarf in iran is seeking asylum in canada. the 43-year-old activist fled a iran into turkey thisngear after fa intimidation from authorities. >> i only had two hours to leave these h so i just took a few simple- toothbrush, a sunscreen, and my sunglasses. reporter: has become a symbol of oppression for many women living in iran. in sau arabia, penalties are handed down to those refusing to wear in public. choose to women who wear hijab, but when i wear hijab, it is like i'm it is like i'm a normal
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housewife, a normal woman, and i want to do something for my life. reporter: in a movement that has gained momentum since 2014, photos have poureda nto social memen defying the hijab law. she became one of its leading figures. i was just moving that white flag for almost five, six minutes. and then the police car came,d aney arrested me. reporter: after three arrests, o jail terms totaling 16 dons, and being ungertrike, she went here to turkey, leaving her life and husband behind. in her absence, she was sentenced to two years jail and 18 years probation for removing the hijab. she and her son are now in canada seeking refugee status. that has not stopped other women in iran continuing her fight, deite ongoing arrests.
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jane:sh the bririme minister has been accused of misleading lawmakers over the fate of the irish border as a critical vote on her brexit planooms large. a heated exchange in the house of commons, theresa may denied allegations that she concealed facts about a controversial arrangement that t would ke uk in a customs union with the eu. our political editor laura kuenssberg has more. liura: grimly carrying on after three defeats in pent yesterday, now a legal mess on the most contentious part of the brexit compromise, that so-called backstop. >> have you lost control of brexit, prime minister? laura: after number 10 was forced to publish private lawyers advice on how northern ireland would be more tangled up with the eu thanhe rest of the country. >> mr. speaker, this government is giving northernsld
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permanent death northern ireland -- giving northern island peanent membership in the single market -- the prime minister has been misleading the house inadvertently and otherwise. laura: a serious charge ar here. the prime minister says it is nothing new. prime min. may: this is not the intention of either party that the backstop should, a, the used in the first place, or b, if itu d, should be anything other than temporary. laura: the legal advice spellsry out in more etail what the government has tried to gloss. the attorney general writes that the so-called backstop will apply differently to great britain to northern ireland, two parts of the uk with separate rules. and a european court will have jurisdiction over northern irelan the legal advice states that the relationship would endure indefinitely until another agreement takes its place. that could take a long time. the advice does make clear that neither side wants it to happen. it is not a comfortable resting place for the eu, either
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andr, rememnhappiness over the backstop is what makes the overall backdrop for the government so gloomy. dozens of tories loudly swearing they will reject the brexit compromise because of it. is there anyway you can seein yourself vfor this as it stands? >> no, there is no point of having a mishmash when the result is so bad. avura: if it is that bad, is there any point g? mr. johnson deal out.ow this as to whether this deal is better than remaining, i have to dmit it is a finely balan question. laura: it might feel like it, but this is not a rerun of the referendum. in less than a week, mp's will vote notn in or out, but on the prime minist's compromise. there is not enough support for the prime minister's plan. pri's why inte
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compositions are starting to swirl -- conversations are starting to swirl about the kind of extra promises theresa may might have to make to get this after more than two years of argument, there is now an agreement. in less than a week, mp's will give their verdict on it. but don't hold your breath for a bbdden outbreak of goodwill. laura kuenssbergnews, westminster. jane: things not ge fing any easi the british prime minister. scientists in the uk have completed the world's largest gene sequencing project. 85,000 people took part, includinthose with rare diseases and their family members. the genome contains a person's dna, and errs can trigger a vast range of disorders. many who took part benefited from a diagnosis or treatment for their condition, as walsh reports. fergus: the faces behind the numbers -- these are some of the people who volunteered to have their entire genetic code sequenced. visiting the laboratory near
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cmbridge, where it was done. some are affected cer, others by rare diseases. >> sometimes what we have to do is go to the dna sample -- fergus: all are helping to improve our understanding of how genes influence our health from cradle to grave. inside newly every one of our cells is a copy of our genome, made up of 3 billion pairs of a code and 20,000 genes. it is the instruction manual for how our bodies work. sequencing the first human geno took 13 years. now a genome's worth of dna canu be done in 30 s. that dramatic acceleration has enabled scientists here to sequence 100,000 genomes of people affected by rare diseases or cancer. every genomeapped by these
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machines yields vast amounts of data. duw is that helping indivis and society? karen has contributed two genomes -- first, the gene she was born with, then the dna with the faulty genes that triggered her cancer. by comparing her dna with other cancer patients, it may explain why she and other members of hee family have ped cancer at a young age. >> knowledge is power, and weay need to find aorward because once you have had cancer, the worry is always there. fergus: this six-year-old has a rare bra and muscle disorder that used to cause seizures. it meant she lost the ability to walk and it made her aggressive around other children like her brother. it was not until she a her mum joined the genome project that scientists were able to compare
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their dna and found the cause of her condition, and an effective medicine. >> she has been treated since march, and the difference is amazing. her epilepsy is gone. d she eloping every day, she is communicating, she is just full of life and is not violent anymore. she can be around her brother without attacking him. usfergus: the project is jt the start. the ambition is to sequence a ovrther one million genome the next five years, as genomics rapidly becomes embedded in the fabric of healthcare. >> this transformation in terms of what it means to society and tumanity -- the vision is t your health record will eventually have a genomic background to it and therefore a more accurate diagnosis or more accurate treatment will be
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availae to you. fergus: olivia is three weeks old. it is her generation that has the most to benefit from genomic medicine, as the groof dna data giv us all stay healthier longer. fergus walsh, bbc news, cambridge. jane: fascinating. before we go, we want to share the sweeter moments fro today's state funeral for george h.w.ush, as his son shook hands with former presidentsnd their spouses before the service. former president george w. bush apparently handed candy or mint or gum to michelle obama. he made a similar gesture to the former first lady at senator john mccain's l this year. apparently the two have become quite respective white house days and describe each other in
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affectionate terms very nice to see indy. you can find more on all the day's newon her website, and to see what we are wng on, do check out twitter. g am jane o'brien. thanks for watchbc world news america." ne >> with the bbc app, our vertical videos are designed to work and your lifestyle, so you can swipe your way through the news of the day and stay up-to-date with the latest headlines you can trust. download now from lected app stores. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, and kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. >> what are you doing?es >> possibili. your day is filled with them. >> tv, play "downton abbey." >> and pbs helps everyone discover theirs.
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anytime, anywhere. pbs. we are with you for life. >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet, los angeles.
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc good evening, i'm judy woodruff. on the newshour tonight... >> the horizons he saw were bright and hopeful. optimistic man, and that optimism made each of us believe that anything was possible. >> woodruff: a nation mourns a president. we have special coverage of theg funeral ofrge h.w. bush. then, facebook under fire--ne w documents reveal the social media giant gave special access to user information to select companies. and, the future of work. miles o'brien continues our series with a look at a world where we collaborate with artificial intelligence.

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