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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  December 28, 2018 5:30pm-6:01pm PST

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>> this is "bbc world news america." funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, and kovler foundation, pursuing lutions for america' neglected needs. and now, "bbc world news." lucy: hello, this is "bbc world news." i am lucy grey. donald trump threatens to close the u.s.-mexico border unless congress h fun wall. his spokeswoman says he wants to secure the border.
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th>> he wantresources and tools that the department of homeland security has laid out that they have to have to protect our borderrotect american citizens. lucy: an explosion hs tourists in egypt close to the giza pyramids. four people arrakilled and seothers injured. a surge in the number of migrants crossing the channel from france to england. thbritish foreign secretar calls it a major incident. lucy: hello, welcome to "bbc world news." president trump has repeated his tthreat to sh u.s. border with mexico unless congress agrees to fund his controversial plan to build a wall between thr two cos. the dispute, prompted by illegal immigration, has caused a partial shutdown of the u.s.
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government. hundreds of thousands of federal employees are on unpaid leave or nocontinue to work withoutng when they will be paid. chris buckler reports from waington. chris: securing the long border between mexico and america has become the priority of president trump. he wants $5 biion to build a huge barrier. that is not so easy to climb. but he needs democrats to approve the funding for that long-promised border wall, and they are refusing, leading him to make a new threat. during a long series of tweets warning about the dangers of illegal immigration, mr. trump said, "we will be forced to close the southern border entirely if the obstructionist democrats do not give us the money to finish the wall." the president and his opponends are in a sf. it has already ended funding for a quarter of government programs. some national parks, federal buildings, and even the national
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christmas tree face closure as a result of the shutdown, leaving hureds of thousands of government workers either on unpaid leave or not knowing when they wilget paid. >> we made an offer last saturday night and they told us they would get back to us by the end of the week and got back to us last night and said we are leaving, no more disecssions. we ethis to go on for a while. we expect to manage it.um chris: a smallr of politicians did return to washington after the christmas break to discuss the shutdown. but despite some shouted objections, congress only ended up meeting for a matter of minutes.he >>ouse stands adjourned until 10:00 a.m. on monday, december 31, 2018. >> i was hoping the republicansa were hearingi was hearing back home from my constituents during christmas holiday, which is you have to get back to washington and reopen the government. 800,000 federal workers don't know whether they will get paid or not.
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that is a big deal. chris: despite the practical difficulties, the white house insis the threat to close th border with mexico is real, and if anything, the political divide seems to be growing. chris buckler, bbcews. lucy: let's discuss is with a republicank communications expert joining us live now. thanks for coming on. this was his big deal, wasn'it president trump's big deal on the campaign trail. he had to make this happen, he has to keep banging this drumt abe wall, doesn't he? matt: he does, and in fact, it is another issue where both sides are slaves to the political basen on the republide this is the single most identifiable issue from trump's campaign for building the wall. now that he has his back against the wall -- you can use the metaphor -- he cannot give in.
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he certainly cannot fold entirely. if you look at the democrats, their base does not want to cut a deal with trump on any amount of funding for the border wall. the democratic base may not be aware that $1.billion has already been appropriated in previous years to fund the border wall. trump is asking for $5 billion. ultimately, i suspect they will end up somewhere in the middle. keep in mind that the reason the government is shut down right now and why it continues to be shut down until early january at the earliest is you have toki democrats over the house on january 3 and nancy pelosi cannot cut a deal with president trump before democratic members of the house vote for her fo speaker. she does not want to create opposition among her own democratic members. il will see. itbe a new washington on january 3. instead of being republicans in control of the house and senate and whe house, democrats will control the house, and so trump
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will need to cut a deal that can get a majority of democrats in the house, 60 votes in the senate, and the president's that may be a tall task. lucy: you say, obviously, that donald trump has to continue to fight for this. the democrats are saying that they have offered millions of dollars for security for the rder, and opponents to the wall said these measures would be better than an actual wall. what do you think is going to happen? where will we see this going? they already have made an offer. is it not enough money, is that exe problem? matt: yeah, the comatters. many of the top democrats in washington have repeatedly voted y.in favor of border secur the secure fence act passed in 2006. you had additional votes in 2011 a year ago the democrats offered authorization -- not appropriation,ut authorization for border security. democrats don't want to fund
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something that can be called a wall, t amp will call whatever he gets a wall. the truth will be somewhere in the middle. i imagine they will end up closer to $1.3 billion from the $2 billion, at the end of the day. trump is not going to get the full $5 billion. the question is what do democratwant in return? you could see perhaps a deal for the dreamers, children who came here under the daca program. et i think the democrats going to first try to reopen government with no moneyitor border sec and try to force the senate to vote on that and reopen government january 3, january 4. we will be in a new washington with a new political dynamic. ght now only a quarter of the government is shut down and it does not seem to be much urgency on either side to deal with this for a couple more weeks. lucy: even though thousands and thousands of people are not getting paid during the shutdown. i wonder if, as that continues, whether things will get nasty because of it.
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matt: it could. obviously, most federal government workers are based in the northern virginia and d.c. area. i think we also know that most of them happen to be aligned with the democratic party, not that that should matter. you are going to have that concern, it is going to be geographically limited to one very narrow geographic area of the country, it is not going to affect most people, andme essential gove operations have continued through this period. i do think that because we have been on holiday and we have 'christmas and new year's, you hae a lot of members outsid washington. when they return to washington januy 3, you'll see round-the-clock, wall-to-wall coverage of this issue -- is government going to reopen, what is the deal, what is the white house doing, what are the democrats and republicans talking about? so you are not seeing intense coverage right now. you areeeg sort of fits and starts. right now nancy pelosi is on vacation in hawaii, the president caeled his vacation in florida and is in washington working every day.
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but most of senators and members of congress are outsidegt wash and are not likely to come back until january 3. lucy: we will see what happens. that is matt mackowiak, republican communications expert. thank you. an explosion has hit a tourist bus near the pyramids of giza, kiing three vietnamese tourists and a local guide. authorities say 11 other people were injured and two of them in critic condition. the interior ministry said the blast was caused by an improvised explosive device. d no group said it was behe attack. ourorrespondent has the latest from cairo. reporter: the timing and the location of the atta be worse. it happened close to egypt's lk, theousdm pyramids. it comes at a critical time ibecause decembthe high season for tourism in this country.
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fit also raises a lot questions about security measures put in place becausee police forces high alert cetting ready for the egyptian christmas, which ibrated by egyptian christians on the seventh of january. we know the ministry of interior has alady put in a very tough strategy of security plan to protect these celebrations coming on the seventh of next month. so the fact thatov an imed explosive device has hit a tourist bus today not far from the pyramids in egypt during egypt's high tourist season, it raises a lot of questions. just to put things into context, tourism is a lifeline for the egyptian econo. egypt depends heavily tourists for cash and the egyptian economy has been struggling for a long tior and it needsgn investment and foreign cash. this kind of attack sends a really negative message to the outside world, and it pushes
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investment away and discourages tourists from coming to the country. the tourism industry has just started to wness some progress in recent months after it had been hit really ha in 2015 when a russian plane was downed in the red sea, with more than 200 people on board killed in an attack claimed by i.s. at that me. when the industry has just started to pick up and witnessee rogress and improvement, here we go, we have another attack close to a main tourist attraction, a world famous landmark, and we don't know howt the governs going to react to that or how hard the egyptian tourism industry will have to struggle to face what happened. lucy: let's take a look at some of the day's other news now. ty forces in sudan have fired tear gas at hundreds of
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protesters outside a mosque after fray prayers. opposition groups have called for more antigovernment demonstrationsfter a week of unrest in which at least 19 people were killed. the protest was sparked by anger dver the price of bread fuel. security forces have clashed with demonstrators in the eastern democratic republic of congo for a second day amid rising tensions over sunday's presidential election. authorities in goma fired tear gas while protesters burned tires and barricaded streets with rocks.ec the on to replace outgoing president joseph kabila has been delayed since 2016. b a charity resct carrying more than 300 migrants rescued off libya has arrived in southern spain. the spanish charity which runs the open arms vessels says the migrants a mainly from somalia, nigeria, and mali. they we rescued on the 21st of september from three boats but italy and malta would not let them dock.
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the british home secretary has declar a major incident after the surge in the number of grants trying to cross t channel in boats. 75 people have reached the u.k. in the last three days, but only one of the five patrol boats operated by the border force is operating in the cha our correspondent duncan kennedy is on the southern english coast.in duncan: huddleife jackets, these were some of today's n,rivals. two votes with 12 old and disorientated, and now in the hands of immigration officials. they managed to get across despite the presence of this border force cutter that we filmed today. the boat is currently britain's only major channel patrol vessel. tony smith, who once ran border force, sayit is not enough to stop a disaster at sea. >> we do need more co-cacity
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to enable us not just to spot these boats but also toin rcept them. it needs an international effort in collaboration with french law enforcement agencies to prevent them from coming in the first plac duncan: tonight the home secretary has declared the r rising number ing migrants a major incident, and says he is considering whether another border force cutter is required. that is what some refugee charities are calling for. but wouldn't more patrol boats lead to more migrants? >> the.k. has an inflated sense of its own attraction to asylum-seekers. in the grand scheme of things, very few alum-seekers want to come here. the journey is arduous, and if we make the last bit a little safer, i don't think it will pull in hundreds of thousands more people. duncan: the government says that although this is the only border force cutter patrolling off theo t of kent, they don't want to put more resources in this for fear of attracting more migrants. the argument being that if the
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migrants and smugglers in franct got wit it is safer to cross the channel, they will be tempted to make the crossing. so just how many are trying to come over? well, in addition to today's 12 legrants, there were 23 pe yesterday and 40 on christmas day, making a total of around 220 since november. >> really what we need to do is stop people making these journeys in the first place. more patrol ats is part of the answer, but it is also having resources on the ground we need and working in partnership with the french to stop the making the crossing in the first place. duncan: the numbers ple trying to reach britain are nothing like those who came into southern europe in 2015. but with the home secretary getting involved, these channel crossings are taking on a fferent and more urgent character in britain's response. duncan kennedy, bbc news.y lucy: do sth us on "bbc world news." still to come, one man's battle
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against obesity. but a triumphant return to a slimmer self left the th an unexpected problem doctors are sometimes reluctant to deal with. >> the most ambitious financial and political change ever atmpted has got underway with the introduction of the euro. >>ro tomand holland we are going to use money we picked up ayin belgium tod and then we will be in france and it will be the same money. got to be the way to do it. t >> george harrisohe former beatle, is recovering in a hospitalfter being stabbed at his home. a 33-year-old man from liverpool is being interviewed by police on suspicion of attempted s rder. >> i think it waod. >> just good? >> no, fantastic. >> that's better. y: this is "bbc world news."
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the latest headlines -- donald trump has threatened to close the u.s.-mexico border unless congress provides funding for his wall. there has been an explosion on a tourist bus in egypt close toza the giyramids. three people have been killed, several others injured. the acclaimed israeli author amos oz has died at the age of 79. his daughter confirmed his death on twitter, saying he had cancer and suffered a rapid decline. over a 50-york career, he chronicled his country's rise from the ashes of the holocaust and the internal struggles among
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je and arabs. he was often considered a favorite to win the nobel prize foliterature, but his politil views sometimes drew condemnation at home. i have been speaking to jonaan freedland, a columnist at "the guardian" newspaper, who met amos oz several times over the years. jonathan: i interviewed him it many times,nd was always struck by this year humanity of him. he had a tremendous kind of wisdom and empathy and that ea one of the rsons he was controversial, because he did endeavor to approach pol problems like a novelist. he wanted to put himself in the shoes of the other side toem thize with them and that was not always popular. it is also, as you said, this body of work. he has almost three careers, three lifetimes. was, as you were saying, and acclaimed novelist, literary giant, every international prize except the nobel prize, although he was often spoken of for that had two other careers --
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partlyou as an activist,er of the peace now movement in israel in the 1980's during the first lebanon war. that movement carried on. and whenever there was a big peace rally, he would be on the platform delivering a speech.ca his thirer, which was lated, was as this ses and -- esyistnd writer of nonfiction, often very: michael polemical nonfiction. it had a huge impact because he had his ability to take on very complex moral problems and explain them to an audience in israel and internationally through very plain, simple language, often using metaphors comparing israelis and palestinians to all warring married couple who need a divorce. they need to separate with some discussion about shared use of the bathroom, his way of describing jerusalem.
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he had that knack for explain difficult things in a simple and accessible way. : he was not just on the outside critiquing his society. he had the ear of those in highest office. jonathan: for one thing, he had worn his country's uniform and had a scar on his chin from having served in the wars in 1967 and 1973. he was from the kibbutz movement, regarded as the establishment in israel. yet he did have the ear of those at the top, especially on the labor side. shimon peres, who was prime minister of israel and once vied amos oz's -- reviewed amos oz' books in the papers. stthe prime mi taking time out from running the country to review a new novel by amos oz. also, yitzhak rabin, the famous israeli prime minister, would summon amos oz to a late-night tête-à-tête a head-to-head in the prime
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miniaser's office over a of whiskey late at night, where the politician would be asking gothe novelist, where do w from here? there was something of a tradition of regarding a storyteller, a novelist, as a kind of prophet who was meanto chart the tribe's way through the desert. that is how a lot of israelis saw him, even to the point where it frustrated him because he wanted some of his novels justve to be read as rather than as a statement on the health of the nation. lucy: jonathan freedland, who writes for "the guardian" newspaper in the u. obesity costs the public health service millions of pounds every year.ma people have followed medical advice and lost significant amounts of weight, saving the nhs money in the long run. but some are left with excessin and getting surgery is by no means guaranteed. reporter: at his largest, jack was nearly 34 stone.
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living on a diet of takeaways. that was then. this is now. he has lost 18 stone -- that was after doctors told him he was at risk of dying young.at but the dr weight loss has left him with another problem. >> i have a lot of loose skin, especially around the torso area. i think at my age, being only 22, it is quite difficult to live with. reporter: jack told me he was in a dark place when things got out of hand with his diet and lifestyle. >> eating waa comfort, and it was a vicious cycle. you would eat, feel better, you would eat again. reporter: he feels he did his bit by going on a rigorous diet to get his weight down. f now ls the nhs should do an operation to do with the skin.
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>> it could have cost the nhs a lot of money going forward. the mental aspect of waving to dealh your body once you have worked this hard for it can be quite challenging. reporter: the series ofui operations rd can cost the nhs up to 24,000 pounds. but surgeons argue it is an essential part of the treatment of those who are tackleir own severe obesity. >> w fact that people think this is cosmetic surgery. it could n be further from the truth. this is reconstruction, and patients do benefit from having the surgery. reporter: nhs clinical commissioners said the surgery was available in some cases, but unfortunately, the nhs does not have unlimited resources and tough choices have tbe made which we appreciate can be difficult for some of our patients."r ck, it is a question of fairness. >> i am not just doing this for the cosmetic. it is for me to be able to live a normal life. you have to tuck yourself in.
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it is difficult in social events when you are wearing a shirt becausyou have a full. it is not just the cosmetic side, is the mental effect. especially being a young person. lucy: the rarest bird in the world, a species of duck called the pochardhabeen given a new home in madagascar. as victoria gill reports, it is the first step in the recoverync of a species oe thought to be extinct. victoria: on the brink of extinction, the madagascar pochard was once thought to be wiped out clearly, but it was rediscovered 12 years ago at a remote lake.ts wetland habiave been so polluted and damaged that the birds were forced into a last untouched area. but as pristine as it looks, the final refuge is too deep and too cold forhe pochards to thrive. >> they are clinging on to
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existence in a place that is not suited for the the threats they face from which is why they have been wiped out extensively, are vast and range from invasive species, pollution, poor agricultural practices, a whole bunch of different things that combined to make the perfect storm that make it hard for species like the madagascar pochard to surve. victoria: so conservationists embarked on a pastaking rescue mission. after bringing a few bnto captivity to start a breeding program, researchers scoured madagascar for the b tt possible sibring them back into the wild. lake sofia in north madagascar will be the pochard's w home. for the world's rarest bird, the team has developed extra levels of protection. it might be a different climate in gloucestershire compared toar madagabut the team has been able to develop this floating aviary.
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the ideas it will keep the birds safe and get them accustomed to the new lake. the doors to the floating aviary been opened and the pochards aro venturing ouxplore. it is a small but significant step, conservationists say, in saving one species from extinction and protecting madagascar's threatened wetlands. victoria gill, bbc news. lucy: plenty more of all the stories we are covering on our website, bbc.com/news. if you want to commeme on them, get twitter. thanks very much for watching. >> with the bbc news app, our vertical videos are designed to work and your lifestyle, so you caheswipe your way through t newsf the day and stay up-to-date with the latest headlis you can trust. download now from selected app stores.
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>> funding of this mresentation e possible by the freeman foundation, and kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet, los angeles.
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captioning spowsored by ur productions, llc >> brangham: good evening. i'm william brangham. judy woodruff is away. on the newshour tonight: the trump administration again rolls back eironmental regulations, this time for coal plants. then, the world's worst humanitarian crisis. an on-the-ground report on the famine in yemen. >> in many other crises in the world, those people would be gettinfood assistance in an operation, but in yemen, the scale of the needs is outpacing the capacity and the resources. >> brangham: plus, it's friday. michael gerson and jonathan capehart analyze the week in politics. all that and more, on tonight's pbs newshour.

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