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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  January 28, 2019 5:30pm-6:00pm PST

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[applause] >> and now, "bbc world news." jane: this is "bbc world news america." reporting from washington, i am jane o'brien. the trump administration announces sanctions on venezuela's state-owned oil company, dealing another blow to nicolas maduro. the chinese company huaweil and seve its subsidiaries are accused of bank fraud and conspiringseo steal trade crets by the department of justice. and a fragile cease-fire in yemen, but for man the pain only grows. we report from the center of the crisis. >> even if this imperfect tru doesn't hold, people fear that the suffering will get so much worse. -- artrt and paul takes
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and politics collide in the jungle. a britis playrr aives in america with a strong message about migration. jane: welcome to our viewers on publicme television inca and around the globe. the trump administration has announced sanctions againsta' venez's state-owned oil company. appearing at the white house, the national security advisor and treasury secretary said the move would protect valuable assets for the venez people. they also reiterated support for juan guaidó, who declared himself interim president last week and is locked in a power struggle with nicolas maduro. earlier i was join from the white house by our north america editor jon sopel, who was in today'briefing. what are the sanctions going to do? jon: well, if yolook at venezuelan oil exports, the last
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rigors i saw showed th 41% of their oil exports came to the united states. e steven mnuchin, the treasury secretary, has more or less said they will stop now. they will have to close bank accounts. that wl have a huge impact on the venezuelan economy, the state-owned oil industry. what you are seeing americaco doing is thierted move -- there has not been a briefing at the white house for over a month. today they came, the treasury secretary, the national security adviser, to say that we are turning up the heat on the maduro gernment. they must make way for juan guaidó, the person they want to take over. he is currently recognized as the interim president. the americans are increasing the pressure. jane: you asked them whether or not the sanctions were having any effect and whether we were seeing cracks in the mitary. what was their reaction? jon: well, i also asked about whether they had noticed there
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was any russian involvement, because the venezuelanushave a lot ofan military equipment. that part of my question was sidestepped by the national security advisor, john boln. but he did say that he thought their intelligence was that atth lower levels of the venezuelan military and thele mianking officer level, there is a lot of support for, guaidót what they don't know is whether the generals whoas surround nicaduro will arack and move over. that is what thehoping for so that there can be this peaceful transition. but americans are warning there could be very serious consequences if juan guaidó is harmed or if any american personnel in venezuela are harm. what would that mean? all jo bolton would say is quote the president and say that all options are on the table. they are rattling a very big stick at venezuela at the moment. jane: s jel, thanks very much for that. in a second move by the u.s. government today, the department ofas justice unsealed to
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indictmentsdi -- two inments against the chinese company huawei and several subsidiaries. the accusations include everything frofrbank and wire d to conspiring to steal trade secrets. here was the fbi director christopher wray. mr. wray: both sets of charges expose huawei's brazen andct persistentns to exploit american companies and financial institutions and to threaten the free and fair global marketplace. jane: joiningths with more on e charges is the bbc's rajini vaidyanathan. what is in these indictments? what is huawei specifically accused of? rajini: there are tws.sets of char the first one accuses huawei of stealing trade secrets, relating to a robot which was used by le to develop mobile phone technology. this indictment accuses huawei secretlyap photong this
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ngrobot, fin that how it was made, and even stealing a piece of it. jane: iran features in the charges? rajini: 13 counts relatin' to huawei's operations in iran. violating huawei of sanctions lawby operating under a shadow company called skycom and that u.s. banks did transactions with skycom, not realizing that huawei had this set up. it accuses huawei of trying to conceal information, lying to the authorities, and fly witnesses back to china so they couldn't be interviewed. .sne: what impact of the charges likely to have onand chinese relations? rajini:re i wil you will quote that stuck out from the news conference. it goes on to talk about the e influeat the chinese government holds over huawei, and that is crucial because this in many ways is the u.s. flexing its muscles over china and using awei in this matter.
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we have later this week on wednesday delegation of trade officials who are coming over from china to discuss trade with u.s. officials here. that is crucial because there has been a0-date agreement tween the two countries to come to some kind of understanding after a tit-for-tat trade war that has been going on for some time. jane: what has china's reaction to this been so far? jini: so far through about this they have dispul of these allegations against huawei , and most notably as well they meng, who is beingt held in canadae moment -- she is a cfo of huawei -- is innocent as well they have resisted moves for her to be extradited to the united states but today another big announcement is that authorities have begun extradition hearings ofgainst meng wanzh, the cfo huawei jane: the white house's
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reaction? in the past it has not been happy whenadhese charges, uate potential. rajini: nothing in the last hour, but the effort president trump in the last few weeks tt intoght n take huawei consideration, this incident, that he might put it to one side. that has arrest concerned that he might ignore this. -- that has aroused concerned that he might ignore this, just so h can result from differences. jane: rajini vaidyanathan, thank foyojoining me. yemen has suffered a devastating civil war that has 20 country apart torn the country apart. we have shown you the consequences with young children the victims of starvation and airstrikes there was hope that a cease-fire would t allow support throu vital port city of hodeida. but in the last two days a wheat storage facility has come under fire.
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rlyse doucet has been give access to yemen. she has traveled to hheeida to meeteople there. a warning, her report contains upsetting imagese lyse: along d sea coast, over the arabian peninsula, we are traveling with forces of the saudi-led coalition towards hodeida. r war,ial corner in a wi a fragile truce in force here. there is still the crackle of gunfire on the eastern edge of e city. these battle-scarred mills are at the front line for yemen's army and its allies. we are told this is as far as we can safely go. houthi positions are less than a mile from here. they control the heart of hodeida. these images were filmed for us. the coalition's blistering airstrikes have stopped, but some still don't feel safe.
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>> that is what we've been hearing, theease-fire, but we can still hear firing. there is no cease-fire. there is no security anywhere. we rely on god for help. lyse: on the other side, a government field hospital south of hodeida. far fewer casualties now, but a lot of pain. a 20-year-old had just been sitting at home. a sniper's bullet skimmed her head. it could have taken her life. were killed.ldren it came right into our house. real living in war. -- we are living in war. lyse: no truce? guns are firing -- this is what everyone tells us. no truce. but even if this imperfect truce doesn't hold, people fear that even this suffering ll again get so much worse.
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a five-month-old, her name means "light." she can hardly see. she lost an eye to infection. so severely malnourished, she barely looks like a baby. mistake theye have done to be in the situation?er to live like oeople in the world. unfortunately, they came in an abnormal time, abnormal situation. lyse: these are the children of hodelia. their fami fled the front lines. precarious lives, like yemen, in desperate need of peac lyse doucet, bbc news, hodeida. jane: another reminder of the stress in yemen. quick reminder of the day's
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other news. a prominent human rights lawyer in china has been sentenced to 4.5 years in prison for subversion. he had been defending political campaigners. he has already spent more than three years in detention after he was arrested during a ackdown in 2015. an art museum in moscow has strengthened security after a man unhooked a paintinitand walked oh it under his arm. the interior ministry says the 31-year-old suspect has since been arrestefollowing the theft. the canvas was recoved from a nearby building site. a fully functional 3-printed electric motorbike has been unveiled. it was created by the manufacturer of big rep and took a three days to create at st of $2600. apart from electrical components, everything on the bike is made from 3-d-inted parts. it is not currently available the market. s.the pecial envoy for afghanistan says a broad
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framework has been agreed for ace deal with the taliban. zalmay khalilzad says both sides are trying to flesh out the plan, which includes a cease-fire and the withdrawal of foreign troops. but after six days of discussions, hurdles remain. for more on the prospects of peace i spoke to afghanistan's former ambassador to france and canada. isw big a breakthrough is >> definitely progress in what mr. khalilzad has been trying to do by talking to the taliban for many hours in doha. but there is a lot more that needs toite done. s a step in the right direction. there is somewhat of a framework that needs to be worked the framework includes very important components that have to do with the cease-fire, that has to do with prisoner exchange, that havwito do with thdrawal of american -- nato troops from afghanistan,
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andin inter-afghan talks on t to figure out what the next haage will be politically speaking for afgnistan. jane: what do you see as the biggest stumbling block? omar: right now i think mr. khalilzhad's goal is to convince kabul, the overall political structure in kabul, to come on the same page and agree on the next step in terms o sitting around the table with the taliban. the taliban have said they are not willing to sit down with the afghan government, but if the government can be part of a larger structure that includes -- that can sit-down with the taliban and not have the logo of it, maybe tha on could be a breakthrough. but it also depends on what the agenda would jane: if the u.s. withdraws troops as part of the deal, what is to stop the taliban from reneging on its side of e bargain? omar: there is a lot of questions on that, a lot of
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loose ends, things being worked on. i think there may be agreement on certain terms. what is very important is to make sure that afghanistan does not revert back to violence, that other terrorist groups do not take advantage of some kind of vacuum, that they are guarantees and assurances that not only the taliban and ties to terrorist groups but any interim period or transition period, security would be guaranteed, a ed, and thatur afghan civilians would not be attacked. the taliban have their own concerns. there are a lot of issues, there are issues that have to do with the future, potical as well as e security front. jane: after 17 years of conflict, do you think this is a successf outcome?
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ouomar: it is the first se outcome -- as i said, progress in the right direction, progress that involves the united states and involves other stakeholders. the on missing link right now are the afghans, who are part of the post-9/11 structure that was built. they need to be incorporated so the process can move forward. jane: thank you very much for joining me. you are watching "bbc world news america." still to come on tonight's program, the internet has certainly changed our lives, bue ork revolutions are nothing new. we look at other major disruptions and what might be next. chickens could one day offve a cost-effecay of producing drugs to treat people with canc or arthritis. researchers have genetically modified chickens to produce human proteins in their ads. they say developing the drugs this cheaper than current methods of
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manufacturing. ghoshoetsch -- pallab reports. pallab:'s chickens are no ordinary chickens. they ken lay bigs containing -- theyan lay eggs that contain anticancer drugs. it is between 10 and 100 times cheaper for the chickens to lay drugs that for pharmaceutical comedies to manufacture them. , youif you wae eggs need more birds. we have a cockrell and he can produce many in a short time. hens in a short period. pallab: one dose of thext drug n bected from three eggs, and a chicken ken lay upo 300 yea. it will take between 10 and 20 years before the medicines become available for patients.
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the eggs aren't for eating. the vital drugs are extracted, purified, and packaged as medicines. jane: in the past, making these animals has been very inefficient,ery expensive and difficult. what we have done is found a methodt tkes it a lot faster and more efficient. now with the advent of gene editing, we will make it better. pallab:a newof generatio chickens could provide a cheaper way of making vital life-saving drugs. evresearchers bethey can breed eneough them commercially. jane: we ve in the era of google, facebook, and twitter.
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handwritten letters and landmines are unfortunately ways of the past. explains how previous revolutions created the society we live in today. r re, i was joined earlier wheeler,thor, tom ssrmer head of the federal communications comn. what in history could possibly compare with google? tom: oh, my goodness. let's start with the prints.g pr gave us the reformation, the 30-year war, and allowed theak renaissance tooff. the railroad was the first high-speed network and it gave us the industrial revolution. the telegraph was the first electronic revolution and it led to the telephone and the connectivity that became the internet. what we need to think about is that yes, we areiving through a time of great change but we need to put it into perspective. jane: but the speed of the internet -- surelyhat makes it completely different. tom: it was 400 years between gutenberg and the nextetwork
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revolution, the railroad. it was enabled by the fact that people were reading and trading ideas. it was then about half that period until we got onto todaye and nd of challenges that we are facing now. and so, yes, as network speed increases, the rate of change increases. what we have been los we have been losing the time buffer that gave us an opportunity to adjust to what is going on. but the point of the matter is that throughout history, how you deal with things -- you have two choices, you can run away from them, flee, or you can confront them and say these are the reneities we face, let's deal with it. that is the challenge we face. jane: what lessons from history will help us do that? tom: the first one is to step up and recognize the change.
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what i tried to do when i was chairman of the federal communications commission was to say that we are living in this kind of time, how do the rules need to change? we had a set of rules that tveloped during the industrial era as a result railroad and the telegraph and made that era work. they don't necey work anymore in the internet era. what are the new rules we needed k? make the internet era w jane: i suppose as we work that out, something new is going to come along. what wilbe next? tom: well, i hope something new comes along. we will be talking about the next generation the internet, artificial intelligence, blockchain. to tie in with your last story, what will override everything is the whole issue of cybersecurity, because for as long as mankind has been around, networks have been -- i don't care whether it was an animal o
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paa road or a waterway, they were vectors for attacks. when we are living in the 21st century, when the most powerful network of the 21st century is the internet, why should we be surprised that it is also an attack vector? how challenge becomes how do get in front of that rather than constantly playing catch-up. jane: very briefly, will we get to the point where it is not worth it? to of course not, no. there is the challenge of change and it begins with accepting the change, embracing it. ne: you can do that? tom: yes, ma'am. jane: not sure i can. tom, thank you for joining me. tom: thank you, jane. jane: the jungle was a sprawling migrant camp in france that became a flashpoint for the immigration debate. the british play of the same name is now playing in the u.s
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as nada tawfik reports from new york, getting the production of the gund ran intown its controversy when it ran into president trump's travel ban. nada: "the jungle" draws inspiration from the realist stories of migrants in calais thwho hope to reach e united kingdom. it is an immersive production. set in the afghan restaurant the was at the heart camp. the play is showing in the a united states ime when the country itself is bitterly divided over the treatment of migrants. a many of the ca themselves refugees, those like one from sudan and one from syria who were ultately granted asylum in the u.k. >> this play "the jungle" more of a playo be experienced than to be watched. >> i don't know if i want the audience to leave with conclusions. it is just important to ask the questions.
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what can we do? who are we?t isquestion about politics? is it about these borders that are made by us? or is it about the land, the food, the gherings, the stories the love? , >> by november in the jungle i could walk from sudan to palestine to syria. a pakisti country on oxford street. nada: he almost didn't make it to new york. he is one of three cast members caught up in the trump administration's travel ban. celebrities such as sting bbied the u.s. government on their behalf. ahe we to travel after british authorities expedited his citizenship. >> i'm so privileged to meet these incredibly welcond generous people every day whoo come and say "we are so happy you are here." >> i did it in london, i did it in paris.
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nada: muhammad escaped violence in sudan and was a resident of the jungle when he was discovered by the play's writers. he would sing and play the drums athhe makeshift theater, wh has been replicated here. he stayed aftesuccessfully -- until successfully reaching the u.k. by hiding in a lorry. >> i want the audience to think about humanity, about migrants, hemigrants who left their countries, about us as human beings. nada: at a time when the debate over migration is focused on building walls, "the jungle" is a reminder of the human impact ofhose policies. will carry that message across the united states, s stopping next an francisco. nada tawfik, bbc news, new york. jane: i saw it in new york and it is absolutely captivating, so do catch it if you can't if -- when he goes to san francisco.
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to see what we are working on at any time, please check us out on twitter. i am jane o'brien. thanks for watching "bbc world news america." >> with the bbc news app, our ed tocal videos are desi work around your lifestyle, so you can swipe your way through the news of the day and stay up-to-date with the latest headlines you can trust. download now from selected app ores. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, and kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america'ste inglneeds. >> what are you g? >> possibilities. your day is filled with them. >> tv,lay "downton abbey." >> and p helps everyone discover theirs.
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anytime, anywhere. pbs. we are with you for life. >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet, los angeles.
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captning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> nawaz: good evening, i'm amna nawaz. judy woodruff is away. on the newshour tonight, the government is back open for business. the challenges federal agencs now face as another shutdown looms just three weeks away. then, a potential breakthrough in this country's longest war. the u.s. and the taliban have reached a tentative deal for a peace framework agreement for afghanistan. and, the backlog of migrant asylum cases is in the hundreds of thousands. caught in the middle, people like jose, a young nicaraguan in limbo, waiting to find out if he can remain in the u.s. >> ( translated ): i fear for my life, for the happiness i have here. nicaragua is the last country i would step foot on, i would rather go to another planet. >> nawaz: all that and more on tonight's pbs newshour.

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