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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  February 11, 2019 5:30pm-6:00pm PST

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[applause] >> and now, "bbc world news." jane: this is "bbc world news america." reporting from washington, i am jane o'brien. a shutdown shadow looms as expresident trump heads to to make his case for border wall funding. meles and misinformation. outbreaks of the highly infectious disease on opposite ends othe earth cause alarm. and reclaiming africa's cultural heritage. e latest on a push to return otloed artth to continent. jane:r welcome to ewers on
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public television in america and around the globe. notalks to preventer government shutdown on friday have run into trouble. president trump wants funding for a border wall, but negotiations stalled afternd democrats de limits to facilities for detaining illegal immigrants. impublicans say that could result in violent als being released into the u.s. the president iin el paso, texas, tonight, where he's expected to use crime to justify tougher measures. gary o'donoghue starts our coverage. gary: this is the fence that transformed elaso from one of the most violent cities in america to one of the safest -- rding toast that is ac donald trump. but when he arrives here, he is likely to find a lot of peop who don't believe that, and they are prepared to tell him so. >> it is an absolute lie. i an outright lie. el paso is a community ofmi es.
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we have mixed documentation, we have people who cross every day to come to take care of our children, take cese of our fami we have been a community united by border. we are not divided in el paso. pres. trump: with a powerful barrier in place, el paso is one of the safest cities in our country. gary: there is no doubt that there is a huge difference in the crime rate between el paso in texas and juarez across the ghway in mexico. here there were 23 murders last year. over there, a town admittedly twice the size, there were 1200. that is a 50-fold disparity. the question is, is the president right to say it is the wall that makes all the difference? >> on the other side of that fence is mexico. gary: el paso's republican mayor was one of those taken aback by 's use of his town
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to make a bigger political point.yo margo: i'm not saying a fence shouldn't be part of a border strategy. we are a sovereign nation anl need to contr borders. but as far as el paso's crime w rate, no, before the s it was low before the fence came up, and it mained -- it has gotten even lower since. gary: in reality, violent crime has fluctuated in el paso and juarez. weo years after the fence up in 2009, it actually rose on the xas side of the border. territorial wars between the drug cartels intensified. but there are those who believe a fence or wall has played an important part. but what about tse who accuse ?he president of using misleading facts >> i don't agree that he lies -- gary:be the nof violent crime went up after the wall went up. >> how much did they drop before that? why did they go up? did they go up because of the low or because of other crimes? gary: linking immigration and
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crime have been constants forp, president trut it has antagonized democrats. that has made a deal in congress all the harder. jane: a brief time ago i spoke to gary in el paso. etthere is absolutely no ae for another shutdown in washington, but is there a sense that donald trump's base will allow him to make the compromise? gary: there was me message over the weekend, wasn't there, that perhaps there was a mpromise on the amount o money he might accept as part of a deal to give the government open on friday. -- to keep the government open on friday. but he is dialing up the rhetoric every time he has the opportunity on getting the wall, or as they are putting it at the rally tonight, finishing the, waplying that a lot of the work has already started.s and heing the whole message of the importance of the wall not just to illegal immigration, but repeating and enhancing and amplifying the
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message about it being tied to crime rates as well. l speak to people in el paso, to republicans in eso, and they don't buy that at all. they are not really icizing him very strongly, but they say that when el paso had a high crime rate, that is because there was war with the drug cartels across the border. that was falling, falling substantially, before the wall went up. ironically, jane, the crime rate went up in the two years after the wall was finished. jane: what aree expecting him to say tonight? gary: well, i think you will see him double down on his message. you will be talking, as the it ta-- he will bing, as he is, at these maga rallies to the converted. this is the first big campaign ofrally, if you likehe new year. you could see this as a bit of a kick-off in the long road to thn general elect the end of next year. of course, he will be keeping a close eye on what is happening
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in washington with those negotiations. ice really interesting pol thing is that a mile down the road from here, he will have beto o'rourke, the congressman, ran against ted cruz, former congressman from this town, rising star in the democratic party, potential presidential runner, conducting his own rally. it is a massive political gift for beto o'rourke. you will see later on split screens with the president inking his point and beto o'rourke makhis point. what better kind of preliminary on-ramp to the interstate if you like if you were prepared for a run for president? this is a big one for beto o'rourke tonight as much for the president. jane: gary o'donoghue, thanks indeedor that. as donald trump tours texas, the democratic field to chlenge him in the election is growing larger. senators amy klobuchar of minnesota and elizabeth warren of massachusetts made their campaigns official over the
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weekend. join fellow -- they join fellow senators cory booker, kamala harris, and kirsten gillrand. for more i spoke a brief time ago with jay newton-small, contributor to "time" magazine. there is a record number of women running. does this reflect the power of women voters? jay: it reflects a moment in cktime, the sh to the trump candidacy,, the trump victo the loss of hillary clinton andh the tered glass ceiling that remains in place, and the idea that now is the moment to make history. there is such a huge amount of energy amongst women candidates. you saw in 2018 an historic number of women candidates winning elections. that is why you see so many almen running for office in 2020 hoping to beat dtrump. jane: what are democrats looking for? jay: i think they are looking to oust donald trump first and foremost. i think they're looking to harness a lot of energy.
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that is why you see a lot of women throwing their hat ring because they believe they can harness that excitement amongst women voters. i think they are also looking to differentiate themselves. you see amy klobuchar taking a much more moderate tack from minnesota, saying i am here for the union voters that donald trump won and hillary clinton lost in the last election versus elizabeth warren, taking the left side of the party, trying to harness the bernie sanders side of the party, the anti-wall street energy. there is a lot of different wings of the party. the democrat is a large tent, as they like to say. it will be interesting to see where that leads and who control -- who can draw the biggest votes. jane: i want to take youero virginia, governor ralph northam is under pressure to resign over a racist photograph in his yearbook. let's listen to what he said over the weekend.
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gov. northam: in 1619, the first indentured servants from africa landed on our shores, what we call fort monroe -- >> also known as slavery. gov. northam: virginia also eds someone who is strong, who has empathy, who has courage, who has a moral compass. that is why i am not going anywhere. jane: well, this has become a national issue in a battleground state. the democrats have adopted a zero tolerance towards this type of behavior. how big a problem is this for the party nationally? jay: it is a huge problem for the party both in terms of race and, frankly, terms of women ters, because his deputy, the lieutenant governor, has peen accused of basically by two women now. there have been calls for him to resign and to step down. hens african-american, so t there is the question of are you asking an african-american lieutenant governor to step down while t asking this governor and attorney general, both of
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whom have admitted to wearing blackface in their previous -- in previous times, to not step down? there is all kinds of racial and sexual implications here. i think ultimately the voters will decide. you saw a poll over the weekend that said almost two thirds of voters saying they wanted ralph northam to stay, including african-american voters. beimately, it is going to how mh can he weather this, can he do this apology tour. he said he will devote the last three years of his tenure to focusing on these issues and healing the wounds of virginia, given that it is the home of the confederacy and the home of a lot of civil rights and the ones -- wounds that exist in the country. we will see if he survbut it is a huge mess, the top three politicians in the state being embroiled in this mess. jane: it certainly is. jay newton-small, thank you for joing me. jay: thanks, jane. jane: let's take a quick look at
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some of the day's other news. f tensousands of people have taken to the streets in iran to mark the 40th anniversary of the fall of the shah. depictinged banners ayatollah khamenei, the shiite cleric who led the revolution. crowds braved the bad weather to shout "death to israel" and "death to america." bahrainio footballer's back t australia after being detained in thailand on his honeymoon. he has been living in australia since 2014 when he was granted asylum. he is expected to arrive in melbourne in the next few hours. russia is consering briefly disconnecting from the global internet to test cyber defenses. the test will mean data passing between russian citizens and organizations stays inside the nation rather than being routed internationally. material which goes to russian pt. addresses would go through through government-controlled
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routing points. police apologized after this video caused a huge storm online. it shows a snake being draped across a screaming handcuffed man to get him to confess to being a mobile phone the. dthe local police chicribed what happened as unprofessional but said that the snake was tame and not venomous. you are watching "bbc world news america." still to c program, a q's stion of cultural heritage. we look at the push to many years overseas. a remote russian region has declared a state of emergency over what has been described i authorities as a massive invasion of polar bear's. our melting arctic ice is driving bears to spend more time online to seek food. avtheybeen caught wondering into homes. caroline rigby reports.
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agcaroline: e opening your front door to this. colbert's are not commonpo in -- larmo bears are not cin these parts, but the sheer number is unprecedented. entering homes and offices, the animals are also reported to have attacked people. local officials have described the situation as a massive invasionand as the world's largest land predators, that has led them to declare a state of emergency. the remote archipelago in the russian arctic is home to around 3000 people, and since december, more than 50 bears have been reported in the main settlements. officials say around six to0 can regularly be seen around the local military garrison. climate changeau hasd arctic sea ice to melt, and that has driven full appears to spend more time on land in an effort to find food. but this changing behavior from hundds to scavengers has led
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hue increasingly into contact and conflict witns. evermorethe bears present, some residents are scared to walk down the street or even leave their homes. polar bears are rognized as an endangered species iinrussia, so hu them is banned. police are tried to scare them off with signalsnd rituals. even local dogs have had a go. but so far, these efforts have proved largely ineffective. now the federal authorities have promised to send a commission to investigate,nd controlling these beautiful but unwanted visitors has not beeroruled out. calinec rigby, ws. jane: more than 4000 people inne the philiphave been infected with measles this year, a significant increase. health officials say 70 patiento
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have died the country, but doctors on the ground say that number could be much higher. our philippines correspondent howard johnson has more. howard: this is one of the poorest areas in the philippine capital, manila, one of the most vuerable to the country' recent measles outbreak. the nearby hospital for infectus diseases has been inundated with patients. in the stiing pediatric ward, beds are being sred to accommodate newcomers. according to hospital recos we were shown, at least 59 children have died of measles-related illnesses from the start of the year. the figure for the same period in 2018 was five. ngis woman's nine-month-old son has been sufferi from fever and coughing for a week. he has not been vaccinated against measles because she is concerned about safety. >> it is normal for the
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one-year-olds to be vaccinated. but vaccines in school, i don't let my cldren have those. howard: vaccination coverage has been an historic problem for the philippines. but public confidence in vaccines fell at the end of when 2018 the government canceled a nationwide dengue safety program citing safety concerns. a manufacturer disclosedts products pose risks to children who had not been infected by the disease. but doctors say inaccurate social-media posts about the situation created fear about vaccines, a problem t exclusive to the philippines. >> we doba see gy that access to social media, rumors, not evidence-based opinions have vaccine -- opinions about ccines have an impact. there are parents who are more skeptical with regard to the value and the safety and effectiveness of vaccines.
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this does have an impact. howard: with public hospitals stretched to the limit, the philippine red cross are appealing for more volunteers to support patients. doctors say the outbreak could take weeks to contain. howard johnson, bbc news, manila. jane: misinformation and unwillingness to vaccinate children are not limited to the philippines. here in the u.s. there have been measles outbreaks in new york and washington state among -- on both coasts. for more i spoke earlier to dr. anthony fauci. thank you very much for joining me. how widespread is this problem? tdr. fauc problem of measles outbreaks is something that we really need to take veri sly, because every time we see a situation where there is a diminution in the percentage of people who are getting vaccinated, there almost invariably is an outbreak. for example, just last year, new
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york city in brooklyn among hasidic jews had a major outbreak. a couple years before, salians in minnesota had a major outbreak. just in 2018 there were well over 300 cases of measles related almost exclusively to people not vaccinating their children. jane: what shod be done? should these children be prevented from going to school and mixing with othechildren? dr. fauci: you know, that is a very difficult situation certainly if there is not a compelling reason for a childto noet vaccinated, and by compelling i mean a medical reason or serious religious reason. the problem we get into is when people have philosophical reasons, which is a broad category which allows people who really don't want to get their children vaccinated to not have them vaccinated. i have always been of the feeling that there should be some degree of strictness in
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allowing exemptions. now, obviously there is a responsibility to the community. so if the child can get vaccinated but the mother or father does't want them to get vaccinated for "philosophical" reasons, there should be some restrictions placed on the regardfor example, wi to schools. jane: but why is it when a small mber of children are not vaccinated it has such a disproportionate effect? dr. fauci: well, the reason is there is a thing called herd immunity, which means that when a certain percentage of theot population is ted and that percentage varies from the viral infection to viral infection -- when you get below a certain level, it allows the virus to spread rapidly in the community. when a certain percentage are vaccinated, it really boxes in the virus. with measles you need somewhere between 92 and5% of the population to be vaccinated.
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once you get down below, 90, 80, 85, then you get into a problem, because there are people in society who have not been vaccinated who are vulnerable. but there are those who cannotva geinated for one reason orhe other, efor a medical reason, they are on chemotherapy, they have anun underlying ieficiency disease, or they are young tobies. babies from birt1 to 12 months cannot get vaccinated. we have got to protect those. so once you decrease the shield of protection, which is what we call herd immunity, then you can have t outbreaks we are seeing. jane: dr. uci, thank you very much for joining me. dr. fauci: my pleasure. jane: tomorrow we will have a report from washington state on families who are choosinnot to vaccinate their children. please tune in for that.
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art,ou want to see africa's you are better off looking outside the continent. a new report says 90% of africa's cultural heritage is elsewhere, and that includes art seized during the colonial era which remains on display in museums across europe. the bbc's africa editor fergal keane reports. fergal: the past is alive, but to whom does it beng? to the descendents of the empire builders or the people from whose lands it was taken? in the old imperial capitals, arthat was stolen by congress is the focus of the campaign for restitution. zes atare the benin bron the british museum.
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>> its are that represents the essenfce of us. it is who i am and why i do what i do and think the way i do. that is why art is important. fergal: on one level this is a debate about pricelessd ieces of art ere they belong. but it is part of a much larger movement in thefrican moveme and african diaspora to reclaim cultural herite. it is about the right of africans to possess their own history. perhaps nowhere is the debate so haunted by past cruelties as he, at the grand museum erected outside brussels by king leopold ii of belgium. it is the province of forced labor and rubber plantations. those who failed to produce their quota had hands chopped off. african art was carted off in vast quantities. but the museum has undergone a major revamp to reflect the
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reality of colonial history. >> if you look there, there is king leopold ii, at in total, ab times throughout the building. fergal: he wasn't around for -- but as for restitution, there are reservations about capacity and the dangers of corruption. do you trust the authorities in congo to treat what is brought back with the care it deserves? >> at this moment, n absolutely not. not that they are of that wil but they don't have the facilities. there is no security system. oa lot of tects are worth a lot of money. people are paid very badly. what would you do if you are paid on even $100 a month? fergal: but african voices are .istent, change must come in the democratic republic of
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congo, we visited a fledgling museum in kinshasa that combines colonial sculpture with this storehouse of congolese art. this professor acknowledges worries about corruption in congo, but a new nat bnal museum isng built with south kore help, a place that could provide a congolese home for looted treasures. belgium, colonization, england, arica unfortunately took a lot of the art. itha small portion of what can be found in europe. we should climb them back. it is bette that it is here for the good of the congolese people. fergal:fr there is ina and the west a growing view that collaboration is the way forward. tiexhibitions ro between continents, like the benin br onzers at the british museum. africans still willing to share what was stolen from them.
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fergal kjane, bbc news. : really is a fascinating debate and one that is only going to gain momentum in the coming years. thanks for watching. i'm jane'brien. see you again. >> with the bbc news app, our vertical videos are designed to work around your lifestyle, so you can swipe your way through the news of the day and stay up-to-dateith the latest headlines you can trust. download now from selected app stores. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, and kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. >> what are you doing? >> possibilities.fi your daylled with them. >> tv, play "downton abbey." h >> and pbsps everyone discover theirs.
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anytime, anywhere. pbs. .we are with you for life >> "bbc world news" was esesented by kcet, los ang
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc en >> woodruff: good g, i'm judy woodruff. on the newshour tonight, another looming deadline-- negotiations to keep the government open stall as lawmakers disagree over the number of beds to provide for detained migrants. then, collateral damage.ea nearly aafter russian agents poisoned a defector with a nerve agent, the british cit of salisbury is trying to attract tourists back. and, to kick off our new arts series "canvas," we speak with actress amy adams anrector adam mckay about their film "vice." the dick cheney biopic is nominated foeight academy awards. >> i think there's moment where lynne and dick almost become the same person. when you really go to that viche presidency, 's totally

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