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tv   PBS News Hour  PBS  February 12, 2019 3:00pm-4:01pm PST

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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening, i'm judy woodruff. on the newshour tonight, a tentative deal-- lawmakers comes to a compron immigration, but president trump will not say if he will sign it to avoid another government shu then, guzman is guilty. the mexican drug lord known as "el chapo" is convicted on all counts in u.s. feder court. plus, one year after the tragedy in parkland, florida, schoolsto are turninnonymous tip- lines to prevent future trageds. >> here's what i know, i know that we've been doing this for three weeks. osknow that we've gotten a 2400 tips. i know that 900 of them were life safety tips. people didn't have an outlet to go to before to share this information. now they do.
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on tonight's pbs newshour.more aj >> m funding for the pbs newshour has been provided by: >> n a cruise with american cruise lines, you can experience historic destinations along the mississippi river, the columbia river and across the united states.is american clines fleet of small ships explore american landmarks, local cultures and calm waterways. american cruise lines,roud sponsor of pbs newshour. >> text night and day. >> catch it on replay. >> burning somfat. >> sharing the latest viral cat! >> you can do the things you like to do with a wireless plan d signed for you.
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with talk, text anta. consumer cellular. learn more at consumercellular.tv >> and with the ongoing support of these institutions: >> this program was made possible by the corporation for public broadcasting. and by contributions to yourstbs ion from viewers like you. thank you. >> woodruff: they now have a deal in congress secat the southern border, after weeks won weeks of an impasse. the question now il the story end with a presidential iasignature, or another pa government shutdown? white house correspondent yamiche alcindor begr coverage. ll i can't say i'm happy.
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i can't say i'm th. but the wall is getting built. >> alcindor: a new deal. and a president weighi his options. today, at the white house, president trump made it clear: he's not quite sold on a bill to avoid another shutdown. >> am i happy at firste? i just got to see it. the answer is no. i'not. i'm not happy. but am i happy with where we're goin i'm thrilled because we're supplementing things and moving things around and we're doing things that ar fantastic and taking from far less important areas. e bottom line is we're building a lot of wall. >> alcindor: the president stopped short of all out rejecting e bipartisan plan. he also hinted that he doesn't want to allow government funding to run out this friday. >> i don't think you're goshg to see a down. i wouldn't want to go to it, no. if you did have it its the rumocrats' fault. >> alcindor: mr. also left open the possibility he may still declare a national emergency. if approved, the biparsan
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agreement woulfund the government through the current fiscal year, which ends september 30th. the deal includes nearly $1.4 billion for 55 miles of some sort of a barrier. raat structure that would to be built in the rioe valley of texas. that money is only a fractioliof the $5.7 b president trump demanded for his wall. it's also far less than the2, 0-mile border wall he'd insisted on during his presidential campaign. gr>> we will build a greatt wall. and mexico will pay for at wall.r: >> alcindo mexico has repeatedly refused to pay for the wall. the president has also failed to get congress to ot the entire bill. but, last night at a rally in eh paso, texapromised to make the wall happen. >> just so you know, we're building the wall inyway! >> alcr: meanwhile, democrats also made concessions. they wouldn't givehe president money for a concrete wall but the deal can be used for steel slats. that comes after speaker nancy pelosi repeatedly said she wouli not give the pnt one dollar for a border wall.
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>> a wall is an immorality! it's not who we are as a nation. does anybody have any doubt? we are not doing a wall! >> alcindor: aside from the wall, demoats also dropped their demand for a cap on the number of immigrants taken into custody from inside the u.s. funding cuts could still reduceu the er of beds for detainees, from more than 49,000 to about 45,000. but the money could also be retched to house more immigrants which is what the president wants.gi the emng deal does not address daca recipients-- immigrants brougle to the u.s. lly as children. it also leaves out about 300,000 immigrants with temporary protected status. that group is made ueople who fled their home countries because of violence and natural disters. still, after the longest government shutdown in u.s. history, 35 days, bothedarties appear more willing to compromise. republican senator richard shelby of alabama was the lead republican negotiator. >> we made some concessions buto
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got somend we believe that the caucus will support this. i believe the house will support it and we hope that thewi presiden support it and as >> alcindor: to that, the senate's top democrat chuck schumer added a warning to the white house. >> we must not have a rerun of what hapned a few months back where legislators, democrat and republican, house and senate, agreed and president trump pulled the rug out from under the agreement and caused a shutdown. no oneets everything they want in these agreements. the president must sign it and not, not, not cause another shutdown. >> alcindor: meanwhile, conservative voices, like fox news host sean hannity, dimmediately criticized tl. >> $1.3 billion? that's not even a wall, a barrier. any republican that ispports tharbage compromise, you will have to explainr: >> alcinmmigration
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activists also criticized the deal for allowing some money to go towards new barriers. for now, though, lawmakers are waiting for the president'si de and fleshing out the language of the bill. >> woodruff: yamiche joins me c along with ogressional correspondent lisa desjardins.nd >> woodruff:amiche joins me now along with our congressional correspondent lisa desjardins. welcome both of you. lisa, i'll start with you. both republicans ae democrats aiming victory here. what do we know about who got what they wanted? >> rig there's a lot of spin and there's some truth to what's going on tonk ht. let's tarst of all the big-ticket item was the wall, as yamiche reported, $1.375 billion. democrats like the point out, that's just a little bit more an nancy pelosi said she offered last year, $1.3 billion. let's go tthe morcomplex matter, that is the detention beds or the number of detainees this bill would fund. let's start by explaining this, first of all, what the deal does. as yamiche reported, it would fund 45,000 average daily detainees for a year, that's the average population for a year. democrats say what they got out
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of that was a decrease from the current number of deainees in custody, average 49,000. they got a shift dn. republicans look at it this way: actually, it's an increase from what the average daily funding was last year, which was 40,000 detainees. so it's fun with math in a way depending on how you look at it. the best voice on the hill was dick durbin who t me frankly, that was a wash. essentially the number f detainees may be about the same and the president does have the ability to pull from other fuds potentially or try to raise that fnding on his ow>>n. oodruff: all right. interesting how they look at these numbers some yamiche, the president didn't get all the money he was asking for, but he did get some border security funding. and yet he still ha reservations. why? >> the president ultimately wants to lk like th biggest winner coming out of this, and he wants to keep that facade that he's the art of the deal writer, that he's someonwho
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knows how to make deals. central to that is this idea of the wallis the presidenappy he can say i got $1.4 billion for my wall. wand democrats are sayinll, he didn't really get any money for his wall. you can't go for concrete walls with this money.t the presid saying this is the kind of argument i want to have because a few weeks agou during the own, the president said, i'm compromise with you. i'll change the materials for the wall i want. democrats said, that's absolutely a non-starter. now fast forwacouple weeks, that's argument we're having. and the president is saying, i n now build. so the other thing that's important, both sidesse em to be mad about this. on the conservative side, you have conservative voices saying, this deal is pathetic. 's an insult to the president. on the democratic side and on the liberal side, i have tivists that are texting me saying, nancy pelosi said she wasn't going to give $1 for thi wall and now she is. then the president is also looking further down the line i and saying, don't get this money for the wall and all the money i wanted, the $5.7 million, i can sign this and
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declare a national emergency and pull money from others areas. 's tricky whether or not he will be able to do that, but that's what the president is thinkigh about as he weihis options here. >> woodruff: lisa, we are three days away from when congress is supposed to come soo sort of an agreement on funding. when do we think we'll see the actual language in this legislation or pieces of legislation, and what are the details that we're ting for? >> the only reason we have these details is because people are telling reporters like yamiche and i. there are no documents at all ye s we bereave would see the full bill tomorrow. it could be late tomorrow. so then you get to the point where you have two days untilli the de until friday, and judy, this bill is an it is seven appropriations bills all together. we're talking abagt 800 es of legislation, and this is one reason that you don't hear everl ne saying how theyte yet, because there is concern that there could be some surprises in these bills. there also will be some things that we don't know the details of yet, like increases in immigration judges. we don't know where they will
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come down on that. so let's say we get the bill tomorrow nght. then we could expect maybe passage thursday, friday, and g it's going t close to the deadline. one positive sign for people who don't want a shutdown, which is nst everyone, congress is planning to recext week. >> woodruff: so finally, yamiche, what is next this whole question of border security? and what's next with regard tomi ation reform, which is what this is a piece of? >> well, this ultimately is going to come down to theen presdeciding to make a decision and then making a decision of whether or not he wants to stick with that decision. the last shutdown happened because the president made a decision and then changed h ts mind some e president does that again, we could have a shutdown still. the other thing to note is the president could derail this by adding things to the bill. the president from the whiteus today said, well, i like this bill, but i want to maybe change some things. we're not sure if that means he wants to change things by declaring a national emergency and spending money, send the changes up to the hill, which could be a different iss
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ue. he also wants to pull money from different pots. that could be challenged in the courts, and up for months or even years. other than the idea of these her immigrants, i went to a meeting with p.t.f. holders today. a lot of them came from around the country today to lobby on the hill and to also protest. temporaryed protetatus. these are immigrants who came to the united states because of hurricanes or natural disasters. they were on the hill protesting outside the white house. they sa., don't forget about u we didn't want to be tied to the wall because we think that's a b political issut we have real issues here. we might be deported come june or july, and we need to figure out what's going to happen there. so i talked to a lot of people who are very, very worried abowh her they will go back back to countries they don't remember anymore. >> woodruff: with regard to taking money from other pots,e that's one qion i posed to senator patrick leahy, who wasf parte final negotiations. we'll hear about that in a few
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minutes. yamiche alcindor, lisa desjardins, thank you both very much. >> woodruff: in the day's other news, e notorious mexican drug lord joaquin guzman, "el chapo," was found guilty on all counts in his federal drug trafficking trial in new york. he had spent decades smuggling vast quantities of drugs into the u.s. as head of the sinaloa cartel. today, federal prosecutors lauded the verdict after a three-month trial. >> this conviction is a victory o for the american people ve suffered so long and so much whilguzman made billions pouring poison over our southern border. this conviction is a victory to the mexican people who have lost more than a 100,000 lives in drug related violence. >> woodruff: guzman now facesde des in prison. we'll have an in-depth look at the verdict and its implications, later in the program.
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the u.s. senate has approved a sweeping public lands bill, 92 to eight. the measure would add a million acres of protected wil expand several national parks and create four new national monuments. the bill now goes to the house the man who served longer in congress than anyone in history, john dingell, was remembered today in the city that knew him best. the michigan democrat arborn area the for 59 years before retiring in 2014. toda former vice president joe biden eulogized dingell, and recalled his long role in shaping the nation's laws. >> look behind our page in history and there he is-- there he is. john's holng the gavel when medicare passes in the house. i remember john and i standing nes to president obama; joh sitting next to him i'm standing
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to the right; as we signed the affordable caract. >> woodruff: bad weather in michigan prevented some 60 lawmakers from flying to dearborn for the funeral. their plane turned back, but they held an impromptu, mid-air service instead.el diwill be buried thursday at arlington national cemetery, after a washington service. the same storm that disrupted the congressional flight to michigan, also lashed much of the upper midwest. parts of wisconsin, iowa and minnesota got up to a foot of snow overnight and into today, foulin drivers.d stranding the pacific northwest also gsn more rain an. it was the third storm to hit washington state this month, and it closed schools and businesses around seattle and elsewhere. in slovakia, secretary of state mike pompeo warned rising russian and chinese
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influence, 30 years after the collapse of communism in eastern europe. pompeo stopped at the gate of freedom memorial in bratislava. it is dedicated to slovaks who died attempting to flee communist czechoslovakia. later, at a news cone, the secretary issued his warning. >> russia is not the onlksnation that so erode sovereignty and freedom in europe. i raised in my meeting with the foreign minister the need to guard against china's economic and other efforts to create dependence and manipulate your political system. we want to make sure that our friends and allies, our natort rs, those that are inside of the e.u., we want to make sure that they're aware of those risks and that's our task. >> woodruff: pompeo is on a five-nation european tour. he travels to poland tomorrow. a top british official today condemned an attack on a bbc cameraman at a trump rally. a man wearing a make america great again hat violently pushed
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the cameraman at the event in el pasotexas last night. the british foreign secretary called it unacceptable. lar, a white house stateme said president trump wants rally goers toe respectful and peaceful. former astrona mark kelly will run for the u.s. senate in arizona, as a democrat. he says he hopes to challenge republican martha mcsally, in november, to fill out the laterm john mccain's mcsally was appointed to the seat last year. kelly has campaigned for gun control since his wife, formerma congressgabrielle giffords, was severely wounded in 2011. california governor gavin newsom is killing plans to build a high-speed rail line between los angeles and san francisco. he announced it today in his first state of the state address, saying the project is way over budget, at $77 billion, and years behindchedule.
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instead he's looking at a line between two central valley cities, bakersfield and the national debt passed $22 trillion today. that i$2 trillion more than when president trump took office, and is due in part to and, on wall street, the tentative border security deal in congress fueled a broad-based rally. the dow jones industrial average gained 372 points to close at 25,425. the nasdaq rose 106 points, and e s&p 500 added nearly 3 still to come on the newshour: we talk to a senator that crafted the deal on immigration to avoid the shutdown. a guilty verdict in the trial of joaquin "el chapo" guzman. an on-the-ground report from a crisis-torn venezuela, and much more.
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>> woodruff: we return now to our top story: the bipartisan rsreement reached by lawma to avoid another partial vernment shut down. i spoke with democratic senator patrick leahy of vermont. he played a key role in brokering the compromise. but are democrats happy with the outcome? >> well, the compromise, nobodyh gets eveg they want. this was something republicans and democrats worked extraordinarily hard on, both the house and the senate. we did the lase t coueks almost every evening, through the weekend, andly fint came to a final agreement in my office in the capitol last evening. we all had to give something, but we've got a good deal america. and it might not be a great deal for one person or another politicay, but we want to get the best deal for america. >> woodruff: so, senator, we understand the report is there
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is $1.37 billion in funding for a border barrier, something like 55 miles of barrier. heesident trump is saying that's not enough, tha plans to use other methods to come up with money, maybe they're saying as much as $1.8 bili in addition to this from other sources. is this something democrats are going to go along with? >> well, the president also gave his solemn wod during the campaign that it wouldn't make any difference how m spent because mexico would pay for it. that never happeend. e gave his word that there would be a solid, coast-to-coast stonewall or cement wall. of course, that's not going to happen. i think what we tri do is put barriers where it makes sense but do all the other things tha make sense, for example, most of the drugs come through ports ofr
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have better detection equipment, x-ray machines and other to detect it. a wall won't do anything to stop that. a well-trained agent and equipment can do it. we're trying to be realistic. he wants to be rhetorical. i'll take realism to rhetoric any time. >> woodruff: but if the esident does take funds from the designated for other sources and uses that money instead to buildbo rder, a physical barrier at the border, are democrats going to try to stop him? >> well,heesn't realize it, but it's very limited where he can pull money from.at he going to do, take it from the mile itary? litary needs more money. he's going to take it from infrastructure or repairing our roads, which arin bad spe? is he going the take it from
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opioids? he's sayg we have to do something about the opioid crisis. the areas are veryi lmited. if he goes into the homeland security bill, is he going the take it from the electronicpm eqt, the night vision, all the other things that are bder security people tell us they really need. i'll put this on a wal dl? sn't make any sense. >> woodruff: my question is are democrats going to let that happen? >> well, we would certainly object it to, but i think republicans would, too. you have toog rem the money. i don't know many republicans oh democratare willing to reprogram the money. and if hes ta anyway, then he's got a real court challenger >> wf: senator, democrats earlier were saying they wouldn't go along with a dollar fphysical barrier. we mow speaker pelosi said that. now it's up to $1.37 billion.
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republicans are saying democrats caved. >> no, we gave him the same amount of money we said laar of course, the president shute down t government, costing america $10 billion, because we offered around $1.3. now, a month and a half later, after all the stress and strain and family disshptions the down caused and the $10 to $11 billion it cost our country, he says, y, i'm going to accept what you gave us last time. democrats have always insisted on this ballpark. they've always insisted on $5 million. we compromised last night in my office with the figure we have. >> woodruff: senator, you also know that housepeaker nancy pelosi had said not a dollar, nothing for a border. i guess my question is: if that
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was going to be the position you'd c along with this muh money, why not do it earlier? why go through the stdown? >> we did it earlier. we voted for it earlier. nd he still had the shutdown. so when thepublicans were in charge of both the house and senate, that's wat we dd, an almost unanimous vote in the senate. he still shut down the government. there is nothing that... if he' going to shut down the government for the amount the republicans ve him, i don't ow why speaker pelosi or anybody else would say, oh, here, we're sorry, we don't want to upset you, we'll give you more money. the fact is that's the amount of money everybody said he would get. that's the amount of money he's going to get >> woodruff: from the other side of the political spectrum, liberal democrats like new york congresswoman ocasio-cortez
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said, "trump is notuilding a wall. he's building detention camps for kids, and we're falling for it." >> well, i bush she would spend some time in the committees and listen to the debate by both republicans and democrats. it's more complex than tht. we're actually cutting then detentds from around 5,000 to closer to 4,000. the other thing weneed, very, very much, are immigration judges so we can expedite the screening of these people. we put that money in there. now, she or anybody is free to vote against t money for opioids, vote against the immigration judge, voe ainst the limitations on the wall. i'm not going to criticize anybody, democrat or republican wht.votes for or against but this is something that republicans and democrats came together. we agreed on this deal late last night, and i think it's a goo
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one. >> woodruff: senator patrick leahy of vermont, who was part of the final negotiations on this border agreement. thank you, senator. >> thank you, judy. >> woodruff: after a nearly three month trial in new york inthat showed the inner wo of his drug cartel, the kingpin known as el chapo was found guilty by a jury today, and now ces life in prison. nick schifrin has more on today's verdict and whether it will affect the widedrug vade. >> schifrin: todaydict came after years of arrests, dramatic escapes from prison ann rnational manhunts for el chapo, whose real name is joaquín guzmán. prosecutors said that duringgn guzman's rthe sinaloa cartel became the largest and most prolific drug trafficking organization in the world. throughout the trial, attorneys revealed new details about the financing and history of the
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cartel, its le in a number of murders and how it sent vast amounts of cocaine, heroin, meth and synthetic drugs into the u.s. for decades el chapo hself, they said, made nearly $14 billion in illicit profits. the jury delibered for six days before delivering its verdict. his defense lawyers, sd they "never faced a case with so many cooperating witnesses and so much evidence." but they also said they plan to appeal. noah hurowitz has been coveringr thl for "rolling stone" and joins me now. thanks so much for being on the news hour. can you tell us about the scene in the courtroom today and how el chapo responded to the verdict? >> i mean, we've been waiting now for about a week or a li over a week for the verdict to come, and when it finally came, there was mad dash upstaods. everhad to go through this t.s.a.-style security checkpoint just tget into theurtroom. and then once we settled in, guzman came in.
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he has been in pretty good spirits in the last weebek, use every day that the jury deliberated was another day that he didn't have to be in solitary confinement. but when the verdict finally came, he did seem a litle bit crestfallen, although he tried to signal hope to his wife, who was sitting in the second row of the gallery. he gave her a little smile, a nod, a thumbs-up before beng led away. nick>> schifrin: from the outsie this seemed like a open-and-shut case. why do you think it took the jury more than a week? >> the actual charges were pretty compression. so there were just a loof evidence to go over, you know, a sort of complexity to the actual charges. and, you know, you had three months of testimony. like you said, we had 14 cooperatingt winesses, each of them talking about a different phase of guzmaán's life, a different part of his career, and, you know, dozens of law enforcement witnesses. so all of tis together jut was a lot to go over, and the jury
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really took their time with it. >> schifrin: guzmaán is notorious, but as you mentioned, you learned a lot about phases of his life and his career. what was most surprising? >> the most shocking part of testimony i think from being there the whole time was there was a witness who told us just horrific tales of violence. he described how guzmaán personally tortured and executed several rival cartel members and he brought us right there. you know, he brought the jurors right there.te and during thastimony, more so than any time during the whole trial, the jurors, some of them had just... they were staring at theet. you could hear a pin drop. i think that day washe most shocking, because throughout it all, we got a sense o guzman as
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a person, but never before had we really heard that level violence or brutality. and the details in that testimony were just shocking. and it was interesting, because e murders were on small part of the case. he wasn't actually crged wi murder, but that was part of the continuing criminal enterprise,h but i thint really helped, you know, juors se el chapo in this new, brutal light that was eluded at mes by the more business-like aspect of the cartel operations. >> schifrin: and those cartel operations are notorious. what did we learn about how the sinaloa cartel works? >> wll, these witnesses really brought us inside the sinaloa cartel, starting from the beginning, you know, really right up until the end. we learned details about how they trafficked cocaine, howal they dwith rivals, how theyio made conne with suppliers in colombia, and really just,
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you know, the day-to-day operations. we learned about how el chapo l lived hife in the mountains when he was in hiding between 2001 and 2014. an we learned a lot about how hn coated and how he was able to direct the day-to-day operations of the cartel from afar. and a lot of this was stuff that really hadn't bere known be a lot of this was stuff that had to be described by iniders. >> schifrin: what can we take guilty verdict about not only the future of this cartel but the future of the drug trade from the united states southern board entire the united states? >> well, what this tells us is that the u.s. is willing to and able to prosecute drug lords from other countries however powerful. however, you know, the leadership of the sinaloa carl is relatively intact.
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there's no stop to the drugs flowing across theorder. recently federal agents made the largest seizure of fentanyl in history on the arizona border. you know, there is just -- these individual cartel leaders may be fallible and they y be vulnerable to arrest and extradition to the united states, but it doeeem like this, the prosecution and theic coon of el chapo, has really done anything at all to stem the tide of dougs flwing into the u.s. >> schifrin: noah hurowitz with "rolling stone," thank you ves much. >> tha much for having me. >> woodruff: stay with us, coming uon the newshour: attempting to make schools safer with anonymousip-lines. and a new investigation reveals a predatory doctor sexlly
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abused boys on an indian reservation for years. tens of thousands took to the streets of venezuela today demanding aid be allowed to flow into the country, as the political and humanitarian crisis there deepens by the day. with the support of the pulitzer center, special correspondent t dja drost and videographer bruno federico repom the capital, caracas. >> reporter: for years now, venezuelans have hit the streetd calling for prt nicolas maduro to go. this morni, thousands gathered with a relatively new name on their mind: juan guaido. this plaza is ground zero of a country on a knifes edge, in now, the possibility of someone other than president maduro ruling the country led thesero s to heed the call of self-appointed interim presidena juano to demonstrate. their goal: to apply pressure on the venezuelan military to dy
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president maduro's orders and delow shipments of humanitarian aid over the bor >> ( translated ): i want maduro to leave and for guaido to enter. everyone wants guaido. why? because everyone wants a change. >> reporter: venezuelans keep adapting their lives to a crisis that only worsens. the line to get on a bus grows longer every day. the number of working buses has plummeted: there's no money to import the parts to keep them running. hyperinflation reaching e million percent last year has made food and basic goods completely unaffordable for the average venezuelan. a hamburger at a food stand costs just over the monthly minimum wage. most affected by the high food prices are the poor, who have also been the base of support for the late, former leader hugo chavez, and his roccessor madu. but in t traditionally pro- government hillside barrio of la vega, the graffiti, fuera m maduro, out wiuro, signals the shift. at this community kitchen, mothers take turns cooking for
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the neighborhood's children, using food donated by member of the opposition. residents here aren't used to charity from an opposition with a reputation historically for having little interest in theth poor, but jurcia says they're happy to receive the food. the mothers feed 110 children every weekday. >> ( translated ): there are children who come from school and this is their first meal oft the day, and ses it's their last. >> reporter: another mother,iv laura mendoza, kids iron supplements. mendoza lives up thet, where she manages her own family's kitchen, cooking with an electric pot, in the same room where she shares a bed with her huand and two children. her husband works at a gas station earning minimum wage, 18,000 bolives a month, or around six dollars. is it enough to get by? >> ( translated ): not at all. because today, two pounds of rice cost 3,500 bolivares. so do two pounds of flour. the same for pasta butter is 5,000.
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>> reporter: her biggest stress is her children. >> ( translated ): at least my children-- i don't want to cry. there's times when my kids go to bed without eating. >> reporter: nothing is worse for a mother. >> ( translated ): it's terrible. ctbecause my kids are hypee. but when they are hungry and i see them lying down, they have no ergy. all this because prices go up, and you can't buy. >> reporter: venezuela's humanitarian crisis has long been denied by maduro. he rejects offers of international aid as a conspiracy to destabilize the vernment. the opposition has decided to take it upon themselves to bring humanitarian aid into the country.ns f aid donated by the u.s. government sit in the colombian city o with venezuela.order but juan guaido and the't opposition dontrol the borders, and are appealing to the military to didebey maduro's and allow the aid in. but if aid doesn't get across the border, and the hi
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expectations of needy venezuelans aren't met, opsition member of the national assembly, stalin gonzalez says responsibility for blocking the aid lies with those in power and the armed forces. >> ( translated ): if they don't let the aid in, the people will cross the border to or it, and if they do let it in, people should be able to get it through networks of volunteers who are bilizing to distribute it. >> reporter: if aid manages to cross into venezuela, it's expected to help only 5,000li fa in a country of 30 million, and likely won't reach people like laura mendoza in caracas. in the meantime, she has to go out to gather water. her neighborhood hasn't received water in 10 months >> ( translated take the bottles and carrying them in my knapsack so i can fill them with water. >> reporter: but today, one neighbor' who has water finds her tap dry, another problem mendoza blames on maduro she used to consider herself a government loyalist, but now feels deceived. they wouldated send me to marches, to sign
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papers, wherever i was needed, i'd go. with the idea that i'd receive a house, because look at the situation i live in with my kids.t never got the house. >> reporter: tired of waiting for solutions, mendoza says a buange in government is long overdue. she, like many here, was surprised when juan guaido suddenly declared himself president. the opposition say last year's election that returned maduro to power was a fraud, and though they have laid out a path to officially taking power, it remains unclear how they will convince maduro to cede it. ( translated ): we've got a plan, which is to stop maduros usurpation of por, to create a transitional government, and hold free elections. this situation will beco unblocked when maduro understands that democracy requires the possibility of regime change. >> we stand with the venezuelan people in their noble quest for freedom and we condemn the brutality of the maduro regime,
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whose socialist policies have turned that nation from being the wealthiest in south america into a state of abject povertyan despair. >> reporter: the united states, along with 60 countries, have chosen to recognize guaido as venezuelas interim president. they all say it is time for maduro to go. with needs and desperation at a high, many venezuelans arewi ing to put their support behind guaido, or perhaps anyone who isn't maduro.nd for meoza, this is her first time participating in an opposition march. >> ( translated ): enough of maduro doing what he wants with us. i'm here because i wana new president. i'm ready to vote for whomoeverk toover who isn't maduro, for real. the beautiful revolution is over.
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>> reporter: he feels like venezuela is on the cusp of a new moment, but onrst the quess if this current limbo can be overcome. judy? >> woodruff: and so nadja, we know for a long time there have teen uprisings in venezuela tha made people think it was going to topple the maduro government, and for years people have thought that, you know, this crisis was going to get worse before it got better. does now feel like truly a different moment? >> you know, judy, it does feel like a different moment, although i hez -- hesitate to say that, because i feel that way every time i come to venezuela. it is constantly remarkable how much venezuelans can survive the crisis and keep on sustaining in what is a really impossible situation. elt a lot of venezuelans fe that now there is a lot of international attention on venezuela, far more so tha before, and this government's bered.re num >> woodruff: so nadja, we know
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the issue of getting humanitarian aid ine country is right now being hotly debated. how do you see that bng played out? >> well, it's interesting, judy, because the humanitarian aid is normally thought of as being purely humanitarian. but has definitely turned into a political issue. the opposition is using the debate over humanarian aid to basically put maduro into a he doesn't have any good options. if he allowshe opposition to bring aid into the country, he's basically ceding control over territory that. doesn't look good for him. if he accepts the aid, he's acknowledging that there is a humanitarian crisis in the country, which is something he has consistently denied. i think that now the question is how much infrastructure and ability does the oppositiohave to actually receive the aid and distribute it throughout the country. there are criticisms that the
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opposition is raising expectations of a lot of needy venezuelans about this don't,tarian aid and they in fact, have the infrastructure or capacity to distribute it if they receive it. and i think that if they find at they are in a position to distribute aid and don't do it well, they wi lose a lot of credibility. w druff: nadja drost reporting for us from caracas. thank you, nadja. thank you. >> woodruff: it was one year ago this week, that a gunman opened fire at marjory stoneman douglas high school in parkland florida, killing 17 students and educators. since that time there has beenin push for secschools, arming teachers, tighter gun laws. schools and districts are also increasingly turning to
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anonymous tip lines, toen encourage st to report any concerns. the latest ste to jump onboard is pennsylvania. special correspondent, lisa o starour partner "education week," went to see how it's working, for our weeklgm education set, making the grade. >> reporter: inside this cramped, temporary office, sits the nerve center of pennsylvania's new effort to make schools safer. >> hi ryan, this is dawn at the safe to say program. >>tseporter: here 24/7, analip are handling ts from the state's safe2say something program. barely a monthld, the program encourages students, teachers, parents to report threats of violence, self-harm,ny safety a concernymously, through a cellphone app, 800 number or website. >> could you please check on her well being. >> reporter: the pennsylvania legislature approved theow program, andvery school in the state, public and private, must sign on.
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attorney general josh shapiro's office is in charge. >> students have a right in this commonwealth and in this country to go to school in a safe environment. arone of the things we've d in law enforcement is often times the best way to keep them safe ito give them an outlet to share information, to share tips. >> there arehree ways to submit your tip. >> reporter: schools are in the midst of a massiveffort to train teachers and hundreds of thousands of middle and high school students on how to usep the d tip line, with the help of the non-profit sandy hook promise. >> some statistics go us by sandy hook promise. we know that in a majority of school violent acts that there are warning signs, signals and threats ahead of time. >> reporter: sandy hook promises started e parents whose children were killed at sandy hook elementary school in 2012, has long stressed that schools shootings can be prevented. >> being bullied, the obsession with guns, even posting on instagram about shooting up then school, i o one said anything.
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i'm sure tomorrow somebody will wish they had said something. >> reporter: the hope is that an app, simple anonymous, will encourage students to report what they've overheard in the hallway or seen online. grat's not easy say seniors aunna rubacha anen smacher. >> a lot of people might feelno that it'their place to say anything, or they'll think, oh, somebody else will report av. it doesn'tto be me. >> it's hard to go behind someone's back and like you're doing it in a nice way, you'reg do for their protection, but it also takes a lot of courage. >> reporter: educators and safety experts say it's critical to change at mindset to stress that reporting a concern is not snitching. superintendent brian uplinger. >> what needs to be in place for kids to want to use app? >> knowing these is going to bev a reto the question or the concern they brought forward, knowing that there is someone o her end of that app that is going to respond and take
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care of situation that they are reporting. >> reporter: so how does the system work? administrator matt labuda with the northern york county school district showed us. so that's what a student would see. >> this is what anyone who wantedo submit a tip would see. you simply just click submit a p. >> reporter: and that's where brittney kline and her team come in. >> i have a group of analysts who receed the tip, they reviewed the tip, they analyze the tip information and determine what type of tip it is. >> reporter: anythinurgent is passed onto districts and if necessary, police, day or night. thtchallenge: making sure t tip is acted on. that did not happen in parkland, where numerous tips pointing tol a schooter were dismissed or ignored by local law enforcement, the f.b.i. and school officials. in pennsylvania, each and district is required to have a team to resolvthe tips to try make sure nothing is missed. although tip lines were created because of concerns over school
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shootings, they are much more likely to get reports about, bullying, suicide, alcohol and drug use than they are about possible school violence. that's true in pennsylvania so far as well. this tipster is concerned that she might be harming herself again at this time. folks who have studied tip lines say they have a lot of promise,u there's not a lot of evidence they've stopped school violence. how do you respond to that? >> here's what i know, inow that we've been doing this for three weeks. i know that we've gotten almost 2400 tips. i know that 900 of them were life safety tips. people didn't have an outlet to isgo to before to share th information. now they do. >> reporter: and shapiro points out they did receive a tip, about a possible school shooting. the tip came from two middle school students in the hazleton district. city police chief jerry speziale. >> in the middle of the night, a safe2say tip came in that there is a 14 year old boy who is going to come in tomorrow and
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sht the school up. >> reporter: officers headed to the student's home. >> the officers were able to see this .45 caliber glock loaded fully, on a nightstand, t accessibthat juvenile. >> reporter: the gun was confiscated, the student suspended, until an investation determined mments posted by the student online were likely related to a deo game, not a school shooting. civil ghts groups worry about students who may be wrongly or even falselyccused. attorney general shapiro says fewer than one percent of tips have been bogus. >> if you file a tip that is knowingly fraudulent, you can be prosecuted for that, and we will ke that very, very seriously. >> reporter: in the hazleton case, the tip wasn't made-up, t turned out to be mistaken. ae asked school district police chief edward harut the consequences for the student, who faced police questioning and missed days of school.
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>> it's a necessary evil. we all know what's going on in our country today, wt take chances. we need to take everything seriously. while we may get 20 tips that turn out to be unfounded, it's that one tip that comes in in that we may stop somebody, something from happening, that makes all thatorth it. >> reporter: many others agree. at least 19 states now have systems to encourage reporting of school safety concerns, and at least seven others are teveloping them. some swho've had tiplines for a while, say they have help prevent credible threats.sa >> it'that we have to get to the point where weshave to put things in place to ensure our student's safety. >> reporter: superint eric eshbach oversees the northern york county district, which r started its own website ps a year ago. gracen usethat website, worried that a friend was at risk of harming herself. >> i feel like you have to go with your gut. if you feel like someone is inda
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danger or ering someone ally, it should be automat reported without hesitation. i never want to think back and say i regret not doing anything, that's my worst fear. >> reporter: tip les, along with metal detectors, school resource officers, restricted entrs, are all tangible sign of school security. >> everyone can point tothem and say >> reporter: amanda klinger, with the educators school safety network, says what's more important is the tougherork of helping educators create a school climate where students feel welcomed and accepted.ty >> school sas the work that needs to be incorporated into the educational practice of every educator. it's nuanced wor it takes time, it takes you know, professional development, it takes money. that's really critical work, but it's way easier to say look what we did, we installed a tip line. >> reporter: superintendent eshbach agrees. t re is nothing more powerful than the relationships that we build with our students that mem feel comfortable
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to come foard and say, i'm ncerned about myself, i'm concerned about another student, i'm concerned about this situation. no tip line, no security guard can ever eclipse the importance of those relationships. >> reporter: perhaps the best tip of all. for "education week" and the pbs newshour, i'm lisa stark in dillsburg, pennsylvania. >> woodruff: later tonight on pbs, "frontline" and the "wall street journal" present an investigative report into the american indian health service. "predator on the reservation" focuses on theecades-long failure to stop a government pediatrician who had been accused of sually abusing native american boys in his care the blackfeet indian reservation in montana.
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>> reporter: the r hervation's onpital was run by the. >> brangham: h.s., which struggled to find doctors. mary ellen was the hospital's c.e.o. at the time. >> he had been without a pediatrician for a while, so here comes the new doctor. all i could think ofwas he looks comfort. he was young. he just seemed like he would be a good fit for us.on >> reportere of the first things dr. weber did is help expand the hospital's th outreach programs. >> they were talking about we want to do something in the school. we have some programs that would blend really well with the school. i just thought, wow, here's something that the hospital can do for community. we'll put dr. weber out there in the community.
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>> almost from the start concerns began to emerge. ken davis is the chairman of the blackfleet tribe. but in 1992 he word the hospital's facilities department. >> the green use, 105, that's the one weber was in. j>> reporter: part of hi was to inspect government-owned reuses, including the one whe dr. weber lived alone. >> so i walk through each house. i do the inspection of the roof, the floors, the walls, theow withe doors. i go through the became and check out for any leaks. and went downstairs and i was like floored because of what i saw there. to me it was a signal of something that wasn't right.ge thleman had a lot of food items, candy, pop, cookie, and then toys, game, videos, games that boys would play with. i mean, it wasn't small.
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it was stacks of stuff. i mean, there were stacks. i mean, i'm a dad. i got eight boy, and i buy my ds stuff, but it's not stacked up in the basement like that s. to me it signaled there is something wrong with this guy. >> woodruff: "predator on the t onrvation" airs toni most pbs stations. on the newshour online right now, meg wolitzer, author of "the wife," our february pk for the newshour/"new york times" book club "now read this," shares writing advice and some of her favorite books. that's on our web site,g/ pbs.wshour. and that's the newshour for tonight. i'm judy woodruff.s joinline and again here tomorrow evening. for all of us at the pbs newshour, thank you and e you soon. >> major funding for the pbs newshour has been provided by: >> babbel. a language app that teaches real-life conversations in a new language, like spanish, french, german, italian, and more.
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>> the ford foundation. working with visionaries on the frontlines of sociid change worl >> carnegie corporation of new york. supporting innovations in education, democratic engagement, and the advancement of international peace and security. at carnegie.org. >> and with the ongoing support of these institutions and individuals. >> this program was madeth possible bcorporation for public broadcasting. and by contributions to your pbs station from viewers like you. thank you.
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc captioned by media access group at wgbh access.wgbh.org
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[ music playing ] hello, everyone, welcome to "amanpour and company." here's what's coming up. whiplash is yet anotherdl de looms over another government shutdown. i am joined by a republica is not afraid to challenge his president, pennsylvania senator pat toomey. then a deadline for u.s.-china trade talks is also fast approaching. we the ig into how that entirei continent reshape our world. we also ask the future of asia joins us. plus -- ♪ wt a wonderful world >>e >>eeeeee stri -- sin

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