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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  March 1, 2019 2:30pm-3:01pm PST

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>> this is "bbc world news america." onfunding of this presentas made possible by the freeman foundation, and kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. >> wow, that is unbelievable. ♪ >> i'm flying!♪ ♪
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>> stay curious. ♪ [applause] >> and now, "bbc world news." ja: this is "bbc world new america." reporting from washington, i am jane o'brien. the indian pilot captured by pakistan is released, but tensions between the nuclear-armed neighbors are high. the family of an american g-un'st blames kim j evil regime for their son's death after president trum refuses to in hanoi. he now says he is being misrepresented.di aning beneath the surface of mars. nasa's latest mission to uncover the secrets of the red planet.
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jane: welcome to our viewers on public television in america and around the world. pakistan has released an indian fighter pilot shotown over the disputed region of kashmir. pakistan says it was a gesture of pea, but tensions between the nuclear-armed adversaries remain high following a suicide bombing two weeks ago which killed 40 indian soldiers. the pilot was handed over in darknesse at rder crossing in the north indian state of punjab. from there, rajini vaidyanathan ports. rajini: it was the moment india had been waiting for. d as tensions escalath its neighbor and rival, the fate of this pilot has taken center stage.s captured do by pakistan, today he was freed. d ng commander abhinandan varthaman was flan government officials and members of the military as he ed at the crossing with india. his release was expected in the
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mrly afternoon, and aftery hours of delays, the gate was finay opened after 9:00 p.m. local time. the pilot who fought for his country for 16 years was finally back on home soil. outside, crowds erupted as the news came out. >> pakistan has released o countryman. we are very proud and very ppy. rajini: millions across india have been following the wingan commder's story. tv networks have been running wall-to-wall coverage ever since his capture on wednesday. pakistan says it shot his jet pawn after he violated the country's ai. india says it was retaliating after pakistani warplanes entered its territory. shortly before he was handed backo india, this was broadcast on pakistani tv. it is unclr whether varthaman was asked to speak under duress . many in india say it is nothing
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more than political propaganda. this all comes after weeks of escalating tensions between the two nuclear neighbors. the events here will haveda ened down some of the tensions. but it does not take away from some of the underlyings between the two nations. for decades the two countriesve have clashed othe disputed area of kashmir. both cla it all, but only control part of it. two weeks ago a suicide attack in indian-administered kashmir claid the lives of 40 indian soldiers. a group based in pakistan claimed responsibility. india accuses pakistan of harboring terror gros. at a rally ahead of upcoming elections, the country's prime minister narendra modi said india would return the damage done by terrorists. today, pakistan's foreign minister told the bbc that any further escalation would be suicidal. >> i want de-escalation, i want defusion.fe
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i the tension is too high. tempers have to be brought down. rajini: tonight celebrations continue after the return of a man being hailed a hero. th might have brought back india and pakistan from brink of war, but peace remains fragile. rajini vaidyanathan, bbc news. jane: for more on the tensions between india and pakistan, i spoke earlier with a senior fellow at the council on foreign relations. e st how far has this gest peace gone to defusing the situation? >> it has been very helpful. no doubt about it, it has been a helpful step in bringing down the temperatures this week. imagine if the pilot had not en released. i think things would have been much worse. but we should not be confused about the fact that the crux of this problem still remains, that pakistan continues to have u.n.-designated terrorist groups operating openly from its territory. until that problem is solved, we
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will continue seeing flashpoints in the region. jane: what is pakistan doing inout that alyssa: it is not much about that. that really is the problem here. you have this group in questiono that claimed ribility for the terror attack in indian kashmir. that group is named jaish-e-mohammad. thisroup was designated by t united nations in 2001. in 2002, then-chief executive of pakistan general musharraf banned the group. lo and behold, here we are in 2019 and they are still around, they have increasethe size of their headquarters in southern punjab, and they are able to plan andks mount att this is a real problem. jane: the u.s., president trump, has been much tougher on s pakistan for try reason. what more could the u.s. and other countries do about this? alyssa: there are other stepsst that the unitees could take and the international community could take. i can walk through a few of those. we have seen that in january 2018, the trump administration
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decided to end security sistance to pakistan. we have completely withheld security assistance to pakistan for more than a year now. that obviously has not been quite enough to push the coury in the direction of really tackling these terror groups once and for all. another step could be removing pakistan's status in ae united stata major non-nato ally. that would affect its ability to have access to high-tech defense exports, things like tha the united states has been working actively in the international community through something called the financial action task force, an international cothultation group focuses on anti-money laundering and trying to counterterrorist financing. -- counter terrorist financing. this group met last weekend put -- and they pakistan on something called a gray list and told pakistan it has to take a number of actions and the statut would be rev in may. jane: what about india's response? what should that be? alyssa: india has been trying very hard to get the international community to
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recognize this ongoing problem of terrorism in pakistan. i think we have seen over the years that people have come aroundnternationally to understanding that terrorism creates a constant threat of conflict in the region. i think india should step up and keep diplomacy at the high level it is right now. india is reaching around the world and certainly pushing within the u.n. and pushing bilate india has been active with the united states and the uae d saudi arabia, really trying to push these countries to ask pakistan to do much more. jane: thank you very much indeen for g me. alyssa: thank you. jane: the family of the american student otto warmbiewho died in prison in north korea has blamed kim jong-un. in a statement, the parents said , "we have been respectful during the summit process.
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now we must speak out. kim and his evil regime are responsible for the death of our son otto. no lavish praise can change that." president tmp said he took kim at his word when he exposed no knowledge of mr. warmbier's treatment. i spoke to alexis simendinger of "the hill." this is not the first time thatm has stood up for strongmen orou dictators, whateverant to call them. why does he do this? alexis: it is usually a situation of affinity for whoever the leader is, and even from his tweets this afternoon, talking about the criticism he has been under about how he talked about kim jong-un reled to otto warmbier, the american held prisoner in north korea and returned in a vegetatite, that he doesn't want to be critical after he has had a meetinwith one of these leaders, and then when he is back in the states he starts to walk back under the criticism.
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he certainly has been under ism today. jane: what does this do for america's moral standing not wjuh adversaries but for allies? alexis: it causes a great deal siof con and discussion y,internationas we can see, because the president and his allies don't always see the s ae figu personality in the leaders he is dealing with. you can even see this in congress, because thes president'lies on the rypublican party side this week have spoken out trongly in opposition to the president's disposition towards kim jong-un. and one of his strongest allies in the house, kevin mccarthy, the minority leader, said kim jong-un is not our friend. jane: and there you go. now, talking of congre, the democratic field is widening. they are virtually happening o a day at the moment.
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is bigger better when it comes to 2020? ink we have a't choice. this is a wide-open field and the democratic party, and as you say, we are up to a dozen. we might be seeing additional entries into the presideial field from the democrats, even going into next week. and the democrats expect there to be many, many more, actually. we are going to see the first debates this summer, because the democratic national committee iu trying to out a way to winnow the field well ahead of the campaign next year. it is an interesting range of personalities. we are seeing from governors, but mostly lawmakers from congress, somewhat unusual. we have some mayors. and the way we reporters are listening to analysts, they are taeing about this being a r to the left. this is not a field that is very sympathetic to centrists. interestingly, jay insl o,
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the governwashington, the latest to declare his candidacy, is focusing on climate cisnge. is ae like that a winning formula? alexis: voters don't usually vote for presidents based solely on issues, but governor jaysl of washington state has a long record of passion on this issue of climate changand alternative energy. if you don't have a lot of name recognitionationally and you have to raise money, one of the things that might help him to really gain some traction fast, because he is going to be going ainto iowa and nevada rigy, is to stand on a platform that he thinks in the polls younger vote, voters of color, voter in blue states very much support. jane: alis simendinger, thank very much for joining me. alexis: thank you. jane: let's look at the day's other news. in somalia, officials say special forces have taken all three gunman in a building in
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mogadishu. al-shabaab stormed an area aligned with hotels and shops. the standoff was the longest by the militant group since it was forced out of the sali capital in 2011. the canadian government has confirmed it will allow a u.s. extradition case to proceed against the chief financial officer of chinese technology giant huawei. meng wanzhou was detained in gtcanada last year at wash's request. she is accused of engaging in bank fraud to help her company violate u.s.anctions against iran. she has denied the aegations. saudi arabia has revoked the citizenship of hamza bin laden, the son of the late al qaeda leader. thate is after s. issued a $1 million reward for information to track him down. officials say the younger bin laden is emerging as a leader of the islamist militant group. he has released audio and video d ssages calling on followers to attack the u.s. s western allies to avenge his father's killing. earlier i spoke about this with
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seth jones of the ceor strategic and international studies. thanks for joining me. what do we know about hamza bin laden, and how significant is he? seth well, we know he is osama bin laden's son, the heir to the throne of al qaeda. he is about 30 years old. he said part of his time after 9/11 in iran. he is almost certainly in pakistan or afghanistan, that region. if you look at what he said the past couple of years, he has been increasingly calling out the united states and encouraging attacks against the u.s., british, and other allies. he has increasingly become the young face of al qaeda. h jane: been around for some time. why has the state departmentto decidessue this reward for his capture? seth: it looks like al qaeda ise trying to bit of a rebound, as the islamic state has declined in stature, he has
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-- it has declined in its control of territory. al qaeda still has a reasonabldi number of jis in syria. it has al-shabaab in somalia, a nunder of fighters in yemen, other locatis. it is trying to make a rebound, and this is its future, or so al qaeda leadership belie jane: all eyes have been on the islamic state for a very long time. how much of a threat does al qaeda actually pose right w? th: for the most part al qaeda is engaged in combat in areasin wihich they are operating and not involved a lot at the moment in external operations. planning attacks in the they are e in battles in syria, in the iib area, they are active with the taliban in afghafistan. a localiate is involved in yemen, somalia, north africa. they are engaged.
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the issuis how much of the -- at the moment are they willing to strike targets in the west or embassies? for the momenthey look like, based on what we are hearing, focused on the local fights as opposed to the foreign fight. but as we have seen with al qaeda in the past, that can change. jane: hamza is married to the daughter of mohammed atta, the lead hijacker in the september 11 bombings in 2001. it sounds dynastic. is he more than just a symbolic figurehead, or can hesreally unite disparate factions? seth: unclear at this point. they have been having hamza eak publicly threw their videos and make public statements for years. what is less clear is how much legitimacy and energy he has across the movement in afrasa, the middle south asia, even southeast asia.
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he is pretty green. tlefieldnot have the b pedigree that his father had. so involved in the anti-soviet wars. ayman al-zawahiri was also involved in these wars. he is not starting out with the battlefield pedigree his father had.r whet can move into that, we will have to see. jane: seth jones, thank you for joining me.yo seth: thanvery much. jane: you are watching "bbc world news america." still to come on tonight's program, we speak to a photographerstho traced the s of slaves seeking freedom along the underground railroad. scientists at the british that jointurvey said i've shelf -- ice shelf may crack and follow a. in a form -- in may form an iceberg that is larger than the
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cipo of london. er: the research bases like s movie. from a sci-fi a space station on the ice. it is here that they do cutting edge science on the climate. it is also where they discover the hole in the ozone layer. but it has a growi problem. this hugerack is breaking through the floating shelf of ice on which the bay says. any y now, this fissure will spawn a city-sized iceberg. it is one ofwohe hazards of ing in his frozen landscape. every so often the edges of the continent break away. to pin down any single carving event to climate change. but across antarctica we are seeing a consistent ptern of glacial retreat and warmer temperatures, which does point to climate c reporter: the british antarctic
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s survey dt want anyone in the base during the upcoming polar winter. it is an unnecessary risk. the base itself should be fine. two years ago snow tractors dragged the station away from the crack to put as much distance between it and the soon-to-be giant iceberg o. it has a unique design that incorporates legs and skis, heich means that if any fu cracks emerge, it would be possible to move the base again ealy. the major headache has been about how to maintain cutting edge science observations at the antarctic while no one is around. researchers think they have managed to alternate most of their experiments. jane: this year marks the 400tr anniveof the arrival of african slaves in virginia and art of the atlantic slav
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trade. a photographer has turned her lens on one chapter from thisrg period, the unund railroad. this was the life line for slaves escaping from sn antations to safety in the north. i spoke with her earlier. thanks very much joining me. what gave you the idea for this? >> i grew up in indiana. and so the underground railroad was very much part of our schooling when we were younger. k i that is when it grabbed a hold of me. and just exploring the idea on the pages and what it would look ke, it kept developing as i was moving through it. jane: you have got a lot of buildings, but also landscapes. what is the differenceen the two, and why did you decide to do that? jeanine: i deliberately chose a first-person perspective for the project because i didn't want anybody to misunderstand the fact that it was the freedom
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seers' own will and determination to get end of freedom. i thought if i told it from a stationmaster's point of view or from anyther direction, we were not getting the full story and understanding what was happening. and there are landscapes and buildings -- they didn't always have a shelter to stay in when they were traveling. the research drove the entire framework of the proje even gave it its title. "through darkness to light your coa." the fact that the freedom seekers were traveling roughly 20 miles per night, in constanth fear of being captured, recaptured, or killed outright, i was trying to convey that sense of urgency in moving through the landscape with the jane: the laes are very evocative, though. what did you find out about the freedom seekers that you didn't know before? >> gosh, i have enormous, enormous respect for the process they had to go through i can't imagine having to go
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throh this journey in order have what we have now. and so it just kind of grips you and takes you in. i was hoping that as you view to the images and look in front of them, it would hopefully transport you to thaview and think about what somebody would have felt or been expericing. jane: what is the most powerful image for you? jeanine: there are so many, but i think -- i like the ending of it there is one within reach and then freedom. unere are two photographs that are taken as thes coming up and as it is daylight. to me that symbolizes the hope and freedom, and you are actually safe to move around in the dayte at that point. jane: thanks for every much for joining me. jeanine: thank you. appreciate it. jane: ientists have begun exploring under the surface of mars for the first time. they are hoping to learn more about how the red planet
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actually works. there was such celebrationt w nasa landed a robotic probe on mars late last year, and after several months ofra oon, today they actually begin the research. our science editor david shukman reports. david: it is a mission to mars like no y descent last november that unfolded planned. as is it is a hazardous journey that others have made before. ftbut this time the spacec touching down on the service has a unique job. so, for mission control, getting there was a huge relief. >> touchdown confirmed. david: amid all the celebrations, they had been checking that everything is working so the science can begin. nasa is not the only team exploring mars. othersre going there as well. -- others are busy there as well. amazingly, there are s spacecraft in orbit around the red planet taking ctures and
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gathering data, three from america, from india.ope, one but only nasa has successfully gotten robotics missiwn onto the ground itself. the latest to touch down is very different from the ones that have gone before. called insight -- here it is -- it is getting its power from solar panels like the others, but it has a completely new kind of not investigthe surface of mars, but what is inside instead. it is doing it with very clever instruments. a sensor on the ground is detecting seismic activity -- tremors from volcanoes, for example -- to build up a picture ofof the internal structurhe planet. a specl kind of drill has another role, to burrow underground. the deepest ever attempted on another world, five meters down, to measure the heat flowing up from the interior. it is part of trying to understand what happened to mars, how it formed at the same time as earth but ended up so very different.
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one of the key instruments from -- key instruments, a ismometer, was designed and builin britain at imperial college london and oxford university. high sensitive device that can pick up the slightest tremor to create anapshot of the interior of mars. >> every time an earthquake goes it is like a flashlight illuminating the interior of the earth. you can imagine the same on rs. we can see ringing around the planet that would be very exciting because it wou give us a quick flash of what the plside of the et looks like. david: this is what the wind really sounds like on mars first time anyone has heard it, picked up by the spacecraft soon after it landed. the hope now is that with all the instruments ready, there will be more discoveries to follow. david shukman, bbc news.
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jane: mars is getting a lot of attention at the moment. you can find the rest of the day's news on a website, and to see what we are working on at any time, check us out on twitter. i'm jane o'brien. have a good weekend >> with the bbc news app, our vertical videos are designed to work around your lifestyle, so you n swipe your way through the news of the day and stay up-to-date with the latest headlines you can trust. download now from selected app stores. >> funding of th presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation and kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs.e >> what you doing? >> possibilities. your day is filled with them. >> tv, play "downton abbey." >> and pbs helps everyone discover theirs.
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anytime, anywhere. pbs. we are with you for life. >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet, los angeles.
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening. i'm judy woodruff. on the newshour tonight: security check. revelations that president trump ordered his son-in-law, jared kushner, be given top-seet clearance over objections from the white house chief of staff and u.s. intelligence. then, it's friday. mark shields and david brooks are here to analyze michael cohen's testimony, and what the failed nuclear summit means for the u.s. and north korea. plus, actors ethan hawke and paul dano on their roles in the broadway revival of sam, shepard's plrue west." ep sam shepard is unbelievably funny, and he's a spiritual man. and 's got a profound sensibility about america, and it's not knee-jerk macho. it's many, many things.


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