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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  March 4, 2019 2:30pm-3:01pm PST

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[applaus >> and now, "bbc world news." jane: this is "bbc world news america." remrting from washington, i jane o'brien. venezuela's opposition leader a ge rock star welcome home, but his bid to oust nicolas maduro could land him in jail. naving a path of destruct and heartbreak, a series of tornadoes ravage alabama and georgia. at least 23 people are dead. >> everything you can see just in front of me, this was inside a trailer on the other side of the road. jane: and the beating heart of art. how in a sedition in washington uses our own bodies to create digital landscapes.
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welcome to our viewers on public television in around the globe. thousands of people in venezuela have takeno the streets of the , to welcomeacas home opposition leader and self-described interim president. juan drumming up support across latin america for his bid to replace current president nicolas maduro. having defied a travel ban, he could now face arrest. the bbc's will grant is in caracaand has more. will: juan guaido esuld have beented the moment he stepped off the flight. instead, he breezed back onto venezuelan soil and into the arms of his supporters. for those who see him as their president, his return is an important step on the road t removing nicolas maduro from power.if
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he goal is to maintain their momentum, this is what greeted mr. guaido's return. his appearance in caracas has lifted the spirits of his faithful. mr. guaido: they threatened all il us, including me, with death. but we are not going to give up fighting. we are stronger and more united than er. >> the arrival of guaido to the country represents the awakening of hope among the venezuelan people. we have been waitingor this call will: this is t exact reaction that mr. guaido's supporters wanted to see from him, not just returning to venezuela, but through the front door, and thumbing his nose at mr. maduro and the travel ban on his way in. president maduro, meanwhile, spent the day insisting all was rell, admiring the country's tourism infrastruc over the
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extended holiday. he says juan guaido has acted illegally and is trying to stage a coup. but he knows arresting him would bring instant reaction both on the streets of venezuela and from abroad. the trump administration has made no bones about its support for mr. guaido. national securitadvisor john bolton warned maduro of swift thingbution should a happen to him. so the lines of the venezuela conflict are drawn. mnow the questiost venezuelans are asking is if mr. maduro will accept his opponent's return or arrest him in the coming days. will grant, bbc news, caracas. for more on the situation in venezuela i spoke earlier with the former south america director for the national security council who is now at the wion center. this is pretty provocative stuff. just how big of a risk is juan guaido taking by returning home? >> it is a courageous decision for juan guaido to ret
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venezuela, but i think he had no choice. to be an effective opposition leader in venezuela, you have to be in the country. we focus on the international aspects of therisis, but the real action takes place at home. jane: what does maduro do now? what are the choices he has? beamin: i think ultimately he would like to neutralize this new opposition figure as he has done dismantling venezuelan democracy and imprisoning her opposition figures. but right now his hold on power fragile, so he is operating with unusual caution. jane: you say quite fragile, but it has not collapsed. why not? controls --nowe benjamin: for now he controls the entire territory and the militaec services. thomy is collapsing and he suffers from hyperinflation and the risk of defections from senior officials in the military, scarcity of basic gos. the reality is we have a false impression of how strongly he controls the country. jane: what will it take -- as you say, false impression. itounds like a lot of peop underestimed his staying
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power. benjamin: in the short term, i think the idea that it international community could force him to resign is unrealistic. he has every motivation in the world to stay. reale leaves, th possibility of prosecution and those around them face a very grim future. that said, his ability to ntain the opposition has limits. jane: as far as the oppositi, how longta can mr. guaido ma nois momentum if there is tangible results such as the aid getting through? benjamin: the reality is that the sanctions take t and absent dramatic intervention such as litary intervention at has been threatened by the trump administratio anything the international community does will take time oil boycott, which will grave effects in venezuela and worsen humanitarian conditions and also tighten the financial noose
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around maduro. when he needs is constant mobilization of the venezuelan people. jane: how far do you think the united states is prepare to to support him? benjamin: i think as of now it y has basicaken all the tools they can use and apply them to the crisis other than invasion. what is next for the united states, again, absent military invention, is thatther neighbors globallysaursue similations. s ne: meanwhile, the humanitarian crintinues. what are the options as far as getting aid through? benjamin: as the government denies the existence of a humanitarian crisis and physically shuts its borders to aid, it becomes difficult to do so. there may be a way to partner with aid agencies and offer in in a political question inside venezuela. but the sad ality is that despite the crisis, the best mo countries candies to support the venezuelanns who have left. jane: if you were a betting man, how long do you think the crisis is going to continue?
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benjamin: the crisis can grind on for weeks, can grind on for months. are few examples where a leader has survived the kind of economic catastrophe that maduro has brought on his own country. don't think this will be a common example. jane: thanks very much indeed for joining me. let's turn to a crisis closer to home. e storms arrived with little warning and left a wideband of destruction. 23 people are confirmed dead and lany are missing after a series of tornadoes hitma and georgia. winds topped 160 milesur, and i witnesses say -- eyewitnesses say the aftermath looks like war zone. the bbc chris buckler was granted access to see the damage himself and sent this report. chris: in this corner of alabama, the landscape is scarred by debris as far a eye can see. the tornado that struck here cut through homes and communities, leaving paths ofon destructi miles long and up to half a mile wide.
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>> it looks as if someone took a giant knife and just scraped the ground. there are slabs where homes formerly stood. chris: it is only when you are here were the tornado struck that you can see the force of it. everything you can see in front of me, this was inside a trailer on the other side of the road. but it has been thrown across the road and everything that was inside is now lying outside, even mattresses. and behind me, there are hundreds and hundreds of trees, all uprooted and lying on the side. a series of tornadoes instantly darkened the sky sunday afternoon across georgia, south carolina, and florida. but it was alabama that was struck hardest. e tearing, swirling winds reached speeds of 165 miles an hour, ripping roofs from houses. some people had only minutes of wanting. -- wning.
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not everyone had a chance to escape. reunion rightweet there. granny is ok. chris: tornadoes are not uncommon in this part u.s., but the number of people killed by this storm stands up, -- stands out, particularly her. in beauregar this is a small community which has been ripped apart. there are children among the dead. >> this hurts my heart. i love this county it is extremely upsetting to me to see these people hurting like this. chris: today, teams are stl searching through the remains of buildings, all too aware that there is a real possibility of finding more bodies. jane: a short time ago i spoke with chris, who is in leeab county, a. you just returned from the center of the destruction. what is it like? chris: it is remarkable. i mean, all around this area you
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will hear chainsaws, you will usee people trying to cle after this tornado. buactually, at the center where the storm hit, it looks like houses have simply disappead. it looks like they have evaporated. there are trees down and even there is some household goods lying about the place. but for all intents and purposes, houses that were there yesterday morning simply don't exist today. is shocking, and deeply shocking for those people who live in this area. i just went up with somebody who owns some land here. you get a real sense of shock from them when they there and they realize not only are the buildings gone, but beyond that, there are people who are gone, too, because of destructive tornado. search and rescue attempts are still continuing in various places, as they look for people who still remain missing. but to give you an idea of how
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ferocious the winds were, the national weath service were telling me earlier that it one case, a car they believed was tossed into the air and landed one kilometer awa there was a billboard that wasth e one day and it disappeared. they found it 30 miles away. it gives you a sense of the power of this tornado, but also just the path that it took. what really shocked the weatheri service was thwas so long. they believed it touched the ground around 27 miles. that is incredible, and it gives you an idea of why this tornado has caused such damage. jane: chris buckler with the very latest, thanks for joining me. quick look at the other news. chinese auorities have accused two canadians arrested in
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december of spying and said it wi continue -- start official prngs against them. they were detained after canada arrested senior executive at the huawei telecom giant at the request of the united states.20 foreign i.s. fighters have iasurrendered to skurdish democratic forces in eastern syria. the group cemented after this -- the group surrendered after theth sdf announced a pause i front allow civilians to leave the area and i.s. fighters to surrender. actor luke perry has died at age 52. he rose to fame on the u.s. tv show "beverly hills, 90210" and starred more recently in netflix's "riverdale." he recently suffered a stroke. his publicist sa he died surrounded by his family and friends. in more sad news, prodigy singer keith flint died at age 49. the band, who was due to tour the u.s. in may, confirmed his
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death in a statement, remembering flint as a true pioneer andgennovator and . the peace process in yemen could be about to collae -- that is the warning from britai's foreig secretary has visited the country. has leftivil war thousands of people dead and many more living in dee conditions. our correspondent and cameitman traveledh the saudi military to northern yemen. er: a dusty ride to one yemen's many frontlines. the coalition says it is making progress, pushing the houthire bels back into their armountainous heand. the fighting has been fierce. in these shattered villages, there are no civilians left.hi throughout ts long war, muchgh of the real fiting has taken ugace up in the mountains. some of the mostged terrain in the world.
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for all the resources thrown at this war, it is taking such a long time. these troops are from sudan, part of the nine-member coalition led by saudi arabia. >> it is quiet at the moment. it was hard in t beginning, but now things are good. god willing, we will be moving forward. reporter: momentum may well be with the coalition, but this war is almost four years oldnd there is no end in sight.ev eryone involved in the fighting has been accused of onwonton destruc yemen's minister of information says the houthis have left the place uninhabitable. >> there is no one living here. that is because people are afraid to go back to their homes. the houthis left landmines everywhere. akporter: in the village t back from the houthis, the
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ministertops to hand out toys. it may not seem like much, but it is important for the government oyemen to be seen on the ground in territory recently controlled by the houthis with something to offer the locals. no one here is starving, but 10 million other yemenis still face that prospect. 80% of the p ulation needs some month by month, the numbers are still getting worse. this war has displaced millionsf emenis. one tribe has been forced towi move. their tents are scattered onal open groung the saudi htrder. this shiekh says e people were killed and 32 wounded went -- when a houthi drone dropped explosives on their camp in the early hours of the morning. this woman and her family were sleeping. shrapnel ripped through the tent.
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>> they hate us. they have killed our children and our children's children. they cut my grandson's head off. we couldn't find it. this made our lives hell. reporter: yemen's peace process hangs by a thread. the cease-fire around hodeida ie holding. the parties are deadlocked on how to move forward. every day the war creates more victims. paul adams, bbc news, yemen. jane: unctain times for the victims of that four-year conflict. "bbc world news america." still to come on tonight's togram, does social mediahing -- bring us together or drive us apart? we wade into the debate as part of our "crossing divides" series. after the death of the last nail northern white rhino, scientists are looking at new ways to
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revive a subspecies on the brink of extinction, and they might have found a solution. reporter: at the conservancy in central kenya, under the careful watch. oblivious that they are the only surviving members of the northern white rhino, and the only hope of saving the subspecies from extinction. there was one last hope that through artificially assisted reproduction, they can bring back the northern whit rhino. >> we expect it may be by out the mont of june, the approval ocess should have been cleared going back to europe to begin. highlyr: it i a complicated and sensitive procedure.
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scientists and government agencies from four are working on the final touches to perform the first ever in vitro fertilization technique in the white rhino. e will make an embryo fr eggs from these females, and these will be put into rrogate mother that will be of the southern white rhino origin. even scientists remain optimistic that they can achieve a dream that could reshape the future of these critically endangered species. th where we have to be careful is we have to gee in time. it meanssh wld leave plenty for others after extraction. reporter: poaching has brought the northern white rhino to the brink of extinction. technology may be a way of saving the species, butti conservaists warned that unless things change quickly, wildlife will be in danger and lost for future generations.
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jane: this week, the bbc is launching a new series examining the causesf polarization and fragmentation in the 21st century. among the biggesdebates in today's society is whether social media is a cause of division or a force for good. our media editor has bn looking at the link between digital media and social divides. reporter: a common assumption about modern media is that it has created filter bubbles, online experiences that confirm our prejudices rather than f allenge them. one collective oudents intent on breaking out of echo chambers is called the cabinet. it start as a facebook group. it now has 21,000 members, many of whom meet up in real life. s an arena for civilized debate. >> if you are on facebook you have what you call echo chambers, where people are only left-wing or only right-wing or only this d that.
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the fact that we have this giant group where everyone can have different views but still be friends and have 30 and 40 people turned up and drink together and not have a high ig-- break out is great, honestly. i love it. reporter: not for them is the texas the and trollin -- toxicity and trolling that is the daily breaso of much of al media. >> how are we ever going to be and friendly with them they oppose us? reporter: these students make the social mia live up to its name. none of them are particularly rich. they are from very different places geographically, culturally, and politically. social media allows th cross divides, establishing exciting if tenuous dital relaonships before getting to know each other properly and in real life. what do you say of the critics -- and there are many -- was it -- whoayhat social-media platforms like facebook drive people apart? >> across europe, 40 million people are part of group.around facebo
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those groups are set up around a passion. then we find that they start to talk about oer things. they talk about politics. that discourse is called crosscutting political discourse. it is studied by academics. it actually means that they start to talk about those things lin a way that is very ci because they respect the people that have come together.he and that means see views from lots of different places. urporter: for millions of users, social media is a of -- cesspit of anger. yet the latest research shows there is more to it than that. >> you can find a relationship between social mia and political polarization if you look only at social media. but in a complex multimedia environment, y find people interacting with others who have varying points of view, changing their minds, encountering contradictory information. reporter: online relationships will never match the level of trust and reciprocity of off-line relationships.
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but social media can cross divides as well as create them. jane: you can see more of the bbc's series "crossing divides" throughout the year on all of our outlets. here is a estion -- what does your heartbeat look like? a mexican-canadian artist has done a pretty good job visualizing our final sense as the vital signs -- visualizing our vital signs as part of an immersive exhibition that takes full floor of the hirshhorn museum in washington. each brings to life our biometric data to create landscapes of flashing lights and constantly shifting images. not only is it fun, but it makes you think just how persona information is used every day. i went to meet him. >> my voice becomes like -- jane: raphael is a self-confessed technical nerd. instead of paint or clay, heto nmes technol create an immersive enviroent that is constantly changing. he got the idea after listening
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to ultrasounds of his unborn twins. >>ehe idea was how can we t this synpation and create something that is larger, something that is more within a biometric portrait, like a landscape, landscape of heartbeats? jane: the vital components for his work are the raw biometric data supplied by visitors tohe hirshhorn museum. sensors measure heartbeats, fingerprints, and blood flow.' our b's rhythms and signatures may be unique to us, but here they become abstract and anonymous. >> your finrprint lets you into your phone and lets you into your country, but it also connects you to other participants that have been there. there are memories that have been collected. i do it more to say how can we pervert these technologies of control to create situations that are connected and poetic? jane: the technology itself is pretty straightforward.
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fingerprintingas been around since the late 1800s, and you will find sensors like these at the local gym. what is different today is the sheer scale of digital data we leave behind and that gets collected. >> one of the challenges for an artist is to take that data and ma it tangible. this is what it looks like. this is how it feels. nene: rafael says his mission is not to raise aware of technology so much as to normalize its ubiquity and central place in our lives. rafael: i think that if we want explore who we are as a people, we need to study technology, because that is the -- that is to study ourselves. jane: without our participation, rafael's art could noexist. our vital signs quite literally bring his work to life. a creative fusion of people and technology.
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of course, you can find more of day's news at our website, and do check us out on twitter. i am jane o'brien. thanks for watching "bld news america." >> with the bbc news app, ourid vertical veos are designed to work around your lifestyle, soca you swipe your way through the news of the day and stayh up-to-datethe latest headlines you can trust. download now from selected app stores. at>> funding of this presen is made possible by the freeman foundation, and kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. >> what are you doing? >> possibilities. your day is filled with them. >> tv, play "downton abbey." >> and pbs helps everyone discover theirs.
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anytime, anywhere. pbs. we are with you for life. >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet, los angeles.
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ca inewshour productions, llc >> brangham: good evening. i'm william brangham. judy woodruff is away. on the "newshour" tonight, tornadoes carve a path of destruction through the southeast, claiming over 20 lives and levelinghole sections of towns in alabama and georgia. then, a conversation with carlos vecchio, the man the u.s. recognizes as the venezuelan ambassador, as opposition leader juan guaido returns to a country in crisis. plus, preserving the past-- a new exhibition highlights the painstaking work of photo conservation. >> the misconception especially for photographs is you can just make another one. u know, we can easily print two prints that are the same, and they're actually not. there are slight differences that make every single print unique.

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