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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  March 5, 2019 2:30pm-3:00pm PST

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[applause] >> and now, "bbc world news." laura: this is "bbc world news hierica." reporting from wton, i am laura trevelyan. a u.k. patient has beer of hiv for more than a year after a stem cell transplant. could this point the way to a cure? delegates gather in beijing for the political meeting of the year. all eyes on how they will boost the slowineconomy. plus, the island of ghoramara is sinking. we learn it may vanish due to climate change and rising waters.
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laura: welcome to our viewers on public television in america and around the globe. we begin with news that for only the second time ever ant has become clear of hiv. this happened in the u.k., where the patient is in long-term remission after being treated for cancer with a stem cell transplant. experts hope this could one day help find a cu. our medical correspondent fergus walsh has the details. dr. fauci: -- fergus this case gives a tantalizing gmpse of rare instances hiv might be defeated. the patient had cancer and underwent a bone marrow transplant at hammersmith hospital. his donor had a mutation in both copies of the ccr5 gene. is makes him resistant to hiv infection. about 1% of people of northan euroescent have this immunity. that resistance was passed to the patient, and for the past 1h monthas been off all
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antiretroviral therapy, clear of hi but it is too early to know if he is cured. thiss the second time a patient has had prolonged remission from hiv. the rst was the so-called berlin patient. timothy brown is now more than a decade cle of hiv. >> i think it proves that the first patient, the so-called berlin patient, wasn't a fluke. they did get cured of the hiv, and this is another potential cure. it shows that the ccr5 molecule is actually crucial as a means to target preventative strategies from people getting infected with hiv.fe us: three years ago i reported from san francisco onhe anapproach to beating hiv. cells were edited to confer the ccr5 mutation. researcherwriting in "nature" said the bone marrow transplant is aggressive, complex, and expensive, so it is noable
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for the vast majority of hiv patients, who are better off on daily hiv medication, which is high effective. but itonfirms that the ccr5 mutation is crucial for researchers trying to target new ways to trt hiv. laura: fergus walsh reporting . for more on the findings, as booker brief time ago with dr. anthony -- i spoke our brief time agouc with dr. anthony who has done extensive research on hiv and aids. as one of the leadin aids scientists, should this development give us hope that a cure for aids is on horizon? dr. fauci: i think it is important to put this into coext. from a proof of concept that you can take a cell that does not itve this receptor for the virus and you could punto someone with a transplant and
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show that that person no longer will replicate the vnd will ultimately be cured, is a concept to tell you that you can by manipulating certain cellular systems acally get someone to no longer be able to sustain the virus. looking ahead 5, 10, or more years, that gives a pathway to where we are going. the thing that is getting confused with the announcement of this finding is that bonerr transplants might be a viable way to cure hiv infections. that is just not the case, because it is too rid it is not scalable.we the therapieave now are exquisitely effective in suppressing the virus. if you are going to try to cure somebody -- "cure" mhey don't have to be on any therapy anymore -- you better make sure you do something that is scalable and not risky to someone who can be well-controlled on the single pill of medication itself. laura: are you saying that the current hiv theries are
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gh that effective en you wouldn't want to risk a treatment like this? dr. fauci: you said it perfectly, that is absolutely the case.. ca this is something that can talk about the concept of not having the virus replicate, but to actually do a bone marrow transplant to someone virus can be readily controlled with a single pill of a medication that you can take bye mouth, the risfit ratio far outweighs your not doing the bone marrow transplant. i know if i were hiv-infected and taking a single pill a day and someonsaid, do you want to get off that single pill a day come we will do a bone marrow transplant on you, risk anywhere from five to 30% of the tranlant would kill you, jus so you don't have to take medication every day, i think the decision is pretty obvious. laura: the president wants to eliminate the hiv epidemic in the u.s. within 10 years.
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do you think that is possible? dr. fauci: well, yes, i think it is. myself and several of my colleagues in the department of health and human services were the ones that put together this plan that secretary alex azar, secretary of hhs, presented to the president when he announced it at the state of the union address. so we certainly think it is feasible, and we think that if we put the right resources in ged we target the right populations, botraphically and demographically, that this is doable. isso we are cautiously optc that we will be able to do this. laura: dr. anthony fauci, thank you so much for joing us. dr. fauci: good to be with you. laura: china's premier has unveiled tax cuts to boost the slowing economy, and warned of a tough strugg ahead. he said the economy face aa crucial yehe addressed the opening of china's biggest political meeting of 2019. our china correspondent john sudworth reports from beijing.
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john: under a cloud of llution, they streamed in to take their places in a largely ceremonial parliament devoid of dissent. many too guarded even to acknowledge the biggest issue of the day. "are you worried about the economy," i ask. "of course i am not worried," shsays. "our country is strong." "the economy is getting better and better," this man says. inside, though, the message from china's leaders was much more candid, with a list of the serious mounti economic risks. >> downward pressure on th economy is increasing. growth and consumption is slowing. the difficulty private firms face in getting financing hast noen resolved. and the financial sector contains many risks and hidden dangers.ho
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john: so, to up growth, he promised tax cuts, more bank ccnding, and in a clear nod to washington, fairers for foreign companies. the premier mentioned the u.s.-china trade dispute head-on, calling it a profound change. itids. no u.s. prt has ever challenged china's economy quite like this, a at a time when growth is already slowing. what china's one-party state now fears most are large-scale job losses and social instability. these young jobseekers say there has been a noticeable change in their prospects. >> i would say this year is much more difficult. it takes ages to get a responseo to an applic >> for example, one position may only recruit three to five people, but 5000 people apply r it.
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the competition is very stiff. john: as they streamut of the ha, few delegates can doubt that china's economy is in uncharted territory. and the way ahead, they have been told, lies in me economic stimulus and a tightening of political control. ews, sudworth, bbc beijing. laura: just a brief time ago i spoke with diane swonk, chief economist at grant thornton in chicago. diane swonk, is china's slowing economy putting pressure on the government to end the trade war with the u.s.? diane: certainly the slowdown in china has ripple affects the world over. we have seen a slowdown in europe, slowdown in the larger issue is we are starting to see some backlash yiom industries out there that these tariffs are starting to bite, starting to show up in our supply chain, and we wanheto get rid of
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there has been a lot of pressure to end the tra war. what is interesting about the administration's new stances they would remove tariffs after they negotiate a deal. so far we have seen with nafta agreement they had negotiated an agreement and not lifted the tariffs. in fact, we have only seen one tariff to te be lifted. all the rest of the tariffs the administration has imposed state -- have stayed in place. the idea that they would remove tariffs a major step in a positive direction for the industry world, especialin the manufactsector, because they have been hit with suppliers boosting prices quite dramatically. laura: do you think the trump administration is signaling some flexibility by saying it will postpone the imposition of new tariffs despite all of the tough talk on trade with china? diane: well, there certainly is a mixed message out of the administration. want to writes
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into the agreement or make it at will that they could punish again with tariffs if they think china has violated the deal, anwhatever the deal may be there is a good probability they frankly will. othere is a softer tone o the administration now and the desire to get a deal then seems to be overriding enforcement, because it is very hard to enforce these on a bilateral basis. the idea of tpp was that weha woul a peer group that agrees on china's intellectual property infringements and the aby china conducted business, that it was unacce and we had the world behind us. it is much harder on a one-to-one basis. this is something that the administration is hoping. there are hawks in the administration, the trade representative in particular -- looking to put in these triggers, d so this could be whever we get, it could be welcome news. there could be a cessation of the trade tensions with china. it is not clear how ng that will last. laura: how good would it be for the u.s. economy if china's tariffs were lifted? diane: well, it is important for china's tariffs to be lifted. early in the agricultural
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sector, the retaliation has been substantial. that i hurt and bankruptcies have picked up.e even therell not regain all we have lost becse some farms have alreadgone bankrupt. but it will help the manufacturing sector. china has fundamental problems that go well beyond tariffs. it was slowing befe the tariffs were imposed. even though it is a stimulating now, it does not seem to be having the same impact, the bank bang for the buck it once did. china is trying to get the private sector to borrow again, but remember, people were jailed for borrowing and then ty tried to pull it back. the muscle memory of potential threat of being jailed is still out there. laura: diane swonk, thanks for that analysis. diane: thank you.ur president trump will go to alabama on friday followingph catast tornadoes that left 23 people dead. rescue crews are going house to house hoping to find survivors in the wreckage. a local sheriff says it is the
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worst destruction his area has seen in 50 years. the bbc's chris buckler is there th this update. chris: the destruction caused by thre tornadoes stretches fo miles and miles, this is what you findhouses completely ruined by the high winds that have thrown trees into them -- you can see right into this home. it has lost its walls. you can see just how powerful the tornado has been, because this is a big tree thahas been uprooted here. crse, in some places there are no homes left. we traveled into one of thewo t-affected areas in beauregard with a resident. as we drove in, any buildings.see there was no sign of the houses that had been there until you got up closer and you saw the debris of people's lives. there are also struggling sides, -- startling sites, d ke a car wrapound a tree. in this area, there were people
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who died. the county sheriff's office has been releasing more information about the victims. the youngest was just six years old. the olst was 89 years of age. there,e was one family they are connected, over seven people this man lost in one family. chris: people keep on telling me that the whole community is heartbroken, but tre are also people who feel very lucky to be alive because they were inside their homes as the tornado made its way through their area.ll lost an entire room of his house as a result of the force of the winds. >> i mean, the fear -- we just, had so much feat the roof was fixing to leave, because i have cracks on the inside of the house. it picked the roof up but then it set it back down. it didn't take the roof. chris: tre are still there is deliberately closed off with electricity companies trying to
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repair the downed power lines, and there are still search teams working trying to find those people who have been reported missing and have not been found. that is why there are these were -- are thesearnings that the death toll could again rise. laura: chris buckler reporting from alabama. the president will go on friday to see for himself the damage. you are watching "bbc world news america." still to come on tonight's program, and outbreak -- eb outbreak of ola has killed hundreds in the democratic republic of congo. ntnight we start a series on why it was so hard to n. it is tough enough arriving in a e w country as a child refugee. once the young peove been granted asylum and taken in the care of local authorities, the face new challenges. "crossing the bbc's divides" series, we have been to meet a young refugee.
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>>n warrived from a war-torn country to a developed country, it was extremely tough to find my feet. reporter: i three years aust 16 years old he arrived in england from afghanistan by himself, and couldn't speak a word of english. hety is now in local autho care and has been granted asylum and this shared accommodation in london. >> last back home in afghanistan, good thing that there were family, have people around you. d thing sometimes when you leave home, you don't know if you are going to come back to life or not. reporter: wt was it like living in the u.k.? >> very difficult in the beginning to live by yourself. avwhen youthe language barriers and you don't know what age, and at a youngu
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have to look after yourself. i was in an alien land. repoer: ahmed is studying at college and has been offered a place at a dyp university to s politics. if social workers learn about appreciating therent cultures. who here those extremes with one or two asylum-seeking children and there are others were supporting thousands over the years, and those with expressible find support easy to provide. >> i've integrated into society. i've learned about the culture. laura: at least 560 people h ae di close to 900 have been infected by ebola in the democratic republic of congo.
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no country in the world has more experience dealing with the virus, but the latest outbreak has proven difficult to control. tonight seniororrespondent anne soy starts a series of reports looking at conditions that made the infection spread so quick. anne: ebola t this village hard. this family lost 10 members in a matter of weeks. but rochelle and her sister survived. she tells me they were all in denial when the outbre started. >> we opened the body bag and performed rituals on my mother's body. the medics warned us against it. they said she had died from ebola, but we refused to believm we told them she died from food poisoning. then they tried to get us to get vaccinated, but we refused. anne: this has been a major test for the democratic republic of congo.
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ioit is dealt with nine pr outbreaks, mostly in villages in the west where it was easily contained. in a country as big as western europe but wh poor infrastructure, few knew about ebola in the east. that is why health facilities became ebola hotspots. it was worse in formal clinics, where the majority of congolese hsilth services. they are run by untrained practitioners. >> we can't close of this clinic just because the person is not trained. he is an integral part of the health continuum in his community. what we need to do is leverage the fact that he is already here, build his capacity in one way or the other so he provide safer anne: a cod case of ebola was treated here. the traditional healer continued to use the same equient on other patients.
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now everything has to be decontaminated. or destroyed. it is now safe to come to this clinic. as community leader assured the villagers. as well as prevent ebola from spreading, it is important to deal with the ignorance that fueled this in the first place. this is an impromptu classroom in the middle of the village. many of these are happening in different parts of eastern congo. nghealth workers are go villages, to different residential areas to talk about ebola. he has been asking the children what they know about the dngease and teachem how to prevent it. back at the clinic, destroyed items are replaced. ct can now continue to funn, but not deal with ebola. suspected cases must go to
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specialized treatment centers. rochelle was treated here, and she is now bk to health. survivors of ebola are immune and heregi they arng back, even as the outbreak continues. anne soy, bbc news. laura: the drc struggles with ebola once again. chin u.s. politics, l bloomberg, former mayor of new yorke city, has announcedll not be running for president in 2020. in a statement, he said he was clear-eyed about the difficulty of winning the democratic nomination in a crowded fieldnu and will conhis efforts to combat climate change. and that leads us to our next story, which had me tlaching for my. have you heard of the tiny island of ghoramara? located on the east coast of india, it is on the brink of nking. climate change is causing water levels to rise rapidly. soon gramara could vanish
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completely. reporter: trapped by theaters that are taking awayis livelihood and home. for this 43-year-old, there is no escaping these signs of climate change. he could be the last of his generation to live on the isla of ghoramarain in eastera. he knows it is sinking. >> there are more floods now, and the water level is rising. my farmland is all underwater. i have to catch fish to survive. reporter: more than 50% of theha land here disappeared underwater in the last 20 years. leaving only 4.5 square kilometers. scientists say global warming is melting snow caps in the himalayan region, and the rivers flowing from those mountains are bringing more water when they empty into the bay. this is how alarming the situation is -- just three
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months back there was land here, with five families living. all that is leftd s the submeree. locals told me it was 30 feet tall. that is about a two-story building. this is how fast the water i moving in. there is little those living here can do to stem the rising tide. once a rich farmer, he now says the river water that nourished his cro are ruining them every year. rushes from the mountains, they are bringing more sediment to the area. "there is nothinleft for me here," he tells me. those who can are leaving. more tn half the island population has fled the rising waters in the last decade. it is devastating for those left behind, especially for the young.
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"teachers don't want to come and stay here. i want to be a doctor, but h can i study without good teachers?" thisoo man left after fl destroyed his home. but safety has a steep price. he left for a government-run resettlement colony on the othei side of the r, but refuses to call it his home. >> this is not my birthplace. this is not where i belong. i was owner of my land. now i have to work hard to make ends meet. report: but now even this camp is running out of space. until the government finds a permanent solution, for the 5000 people on the sinking island their future could be washed away. laura: the real impact of climatmechange. er, you can find much more on all the day's news at our
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website. to see what any time, check us out on twitter. i am laura trevelyan. news america."ching bc world h >> witthe bbc news app, our vertical videos are designed too workd your lifestyle, so you can swipe your way through the news of the day and stay tr-to-date with the latest headlines you can ust. download now from selected app stores. >> funding of this presentation isade possible by the freeman foundation, and kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. >> what are you doing? >> possibilities. your day is filled with them >> tv, play "downton abbey." a nd pbs helps everyone discover theirs.
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anytime, anywhere. pbs. we are with you for life. >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet, los angeles.
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captioning sponsored by newshour produ>>ions, llc oodruff: good evening. i'm judy woodruff. on the newshour tonight: the toll from alabama in human lives and property. assessing the aftermath of the deadliest tornadoes to hit the u.s. in nearly six years. then, we are on the ground at the southern u.s. border, with a report on the harsh conditions that mrants continue to faceon ce they cross into the u.s. plus, the fight over vaccines. a measles outbreak in the pacific northwest renews scrutiny over exemptions granted to parents who refuse to have their children vaccinated. >> i really, really hope it doesn't get to a point where there is a death, and then people go "oh, may i don't want this happen to my kid after all." and it's a terrifying thought,


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