tv BBC World News America PBS March 5, 2019 5:30pm-6:01pm PST
[applause] or >> and now, "bbc w news." laura: this is "bbc world news america." reporting from washington, i am laura trevelyan. a u.k. patient has been clear of hiv for more than a year after a stem cell transpnt. could this point the way to a cure? delegates gather in beijing for the political meeting of the year. all eyes on how they will boost the slowing economy. plus, the island of ghoramara is sinking. weoearn it may vanish due t climate change and rising waters.
laura: welcome to our viewers on public television in america and around the globe. we begin with news tr only the second time ever a patient has become clear of hiv. this happened in the u.k., where the patient is in long-term emmission after being treated for cancer with a ell transplant. experts hope this could one day help find a cure. our medical corresponden walsh has the details. dr. fauci: -- fergus: this case gives a tantalizing glimpse of rare instances hiv might be defeated. the patient had cancer and underwent a bone marrow a transplahammersmith hospital. his donor had a mutation in both copies of the ccr5 gene. this makes him resistant to hiv infection. about 1% of people of north european descent have this pamunity. that resistance waed to the patient, and for the past 18 months he has been off all
antiretroviral therapy, clr of hiv. but it is too early to know if he is cured. this is the second time a patient has had prolonged remission from hiv. the first was the so-called berlin patient. timothy brown is now more than a decade clear of hiv. >> i think it proves that the first patient, the so-calledbe in patient, wasn't a fluke. g they d cured of the hiv, and this is another potential cure. it shows that the ccr5 molecule isea actually crucial as a to target preventative strategies from people getting infected with hiv. fergus: three years ago i reported from san francisco on another approach to beating hiv. cells were edited to confer the ccr5 mutation. researchers writing in "nature" said the bone marrow transplant is aggresse, complex, and
expensive, so it is not suitable for the vast majority of hiv patients, who are better off on daily hiv medition, which is highly effective. but it confirms that the ccr5 mutation is crucial for researchers trying to target new ways to treat hiv. laura: fergus walsh reporting . for more on the findings, as booker brief time agowith dr. anthony -- i spoke our brief time ago with dr. anthony fauci, who has done extensive research on hiv and aids. as one of the leading aids scientists, should this n velopment give us hope that a cure for aids isrizon? dr. fauci: i think it is important to put this into context. from a proof of concept that you can take a cell that does not have this ceptor for the virus and you could put it into someone with a transplant and
show that that person no longer will replicate the virus and u ll ultimately be cured, is a concept to tell at you can by manipulating certain cellular systems actually get someone to no longer be able to sustain the virus. looking ahead 5, 10, or more years, that gives a pathway to where we are going. the thing that is getting confused with the announcement of this finding is that bone marrow transplants might be a viable way to cure hiv infections. that is just not the case, because it is too risky and it is not scalable. the therapies we have now are exquisitely effective in suppressg the virus. if you are going to try to cure somebody -- "cure" means they don't have to be on any therapy anymore -- youetter make sure you do something that is scalable and not rky to someone who can be well-controlled on the single pill of medication itself. laura: are you saying that the
current hiv therapies arepr ing effective enough that you wouldn't want to risk a treatment like this? dr. fauci: you said it perfectly, that is absolutely the case. case. this is something that can talk e,out the concept of not having the virus replicut to actually do a bone marrow transplant to someone whose virus can be readily controlled with a single pill of a meycation that you can take mouth, the risk-benefit ratio far outweighs your not doing the bonearrow transplant. i know if were hiv-infected and taking a single pill a day and someone said, do you want to get off that single pill a d come we will do a bone marrow transplant on you, risk anywhere from five to 30% of the transplant would kill you, just so you don't have to take medication every day, i think the decision is pretty obvious. laura: the president wts to eliminate the hiv epidemic in the u.s. within 10 years.
do you think that is possible? dr. fauci: well, yes, i think it is. f myself and several colleagues in the department of health and human services were the ones that put together this plan that secretary alex azar, secretary of hhs, presented to the president when he announced it at the state of the address. so we certainly think it is feasible, and we think that if we put the right resources in and we target the ght populations, both geographically and demographically, that this is doable. so we are cautiously optimistic that we will be le to do this. laura: dr. anthony fauci, thank you so much for joining us. dr. fauci: good to be with you. laura: china's premier has unveiled tax cuts to boost the slowing economy, and war tough struggle ahead. he said the economy faces a crucial year as he addressed the opening of chi's biggest litical meeting of 2019. our china correspondent johnth sudwor reports from beijing.a
john: undeoud of pollution, they streamed in to take their places in a largely ceremonial parliament devoid of dient. manyoo guarded even to acknowledge the biggest issue of the day. "are you worried about the economy," i ask. "of course i am not worried," she says. "our country is strong." "the economy is getting better and better," this man says. inside, though, the message from china's leaders was much more candid, with a list of the serious mounting economic risksw >> dd pressure on the economy is increasing. growth and consumption is slowing. the difficulty private firms facen getting financing has set been resolved. and the financial or contains many risks and hidden dangers.
john: so, to shore up growth, he promised tax cuts, more bank lending, and in a clear nod to washington, fairer access for foreign companies. the premier mentioned the u.s.-china tradeispute head-on, calling it a profound change. it is. no u.s. president has ever challenged china's economy quite like this, and at a time when growth is already slowing. what china's one-party state not fears re large-scale job losses and social instability. these young jobseekers say there has been a noticeable change in their prospects.ay >> i wouldhis year is much more difficult. it takes ages to get a response to an application. >> for example, one position may only recru three to five people, but 5000 people apply
for it. the competion is very stiff. john: as they streamed out of the hall, few delegates can doubt that china's economy is in uncharted territory. and the way beead, they have told, lies in more economic stimulus and a tightening of litical control. john sudworth, bbc news, beijing. laura: just a brief time ago i spoke with diane swonk, chief economist at grant thornton in chicago.e dionk, is china's slowing e onomy putting pressure on the government to end ade war with the u.s.? diane: certainly the slowdown in cha has ripple affects the world over. we have seen a slowdown in europe, slowdown in japan. the larger issue is we are starting to see some backlash from industries out there saying that these tariffs are starting to bite, starting to show c in our suppin, and we want to
get rid of them. there has been a lot of prsure to end the trade war. what is interesting about the administration's new stance they would remove tariffs after they negotiate a deal. so far we have seen with the new nafta agreement they hadat nego an agreement and not lifted the tariffs. in fact, we have only seen one tariff to date be lifted. all the rest of the tariffs the administration has imposed state -- have stayed in place. the idea that they would remove tariffs is a major step in a positive directiry for the induorld, especially the manufacturing sector, because they have been hit with suppliers boosting prices quite dramatically. laura:o you think the trump administration is signaling some flexibility by saying it will postpone the imposition of new tariffs despite all of the tough talk on trade with china? diane: well, there ctainly is a mixed message out of the administration. want to write
into the agreement or make it at will that they could punish again with tariffs if they think china has violated the deal, whatever the deal may be, and there is a good probability they frankly will. there is a softer tone out of the admistration now and the desire to get a deal then seems to be overridi enforcement, ilcause it is very hard to enforce these on aeral basis. thidea of tpp was that we would have a peer group that agrees on china's intellectual property infringements and the way china conducted business, that it was unacceptable and we had thworld behind us. it is much harder on a one-to-one basis. this is somethg that the administration is hoping. there are hawks in the administration, the tr representative in particular -- looking to put in these triggers, and so this could be whatever we get, it could be welcome news. there could be a cessation of the trade tensio i with china. not clear how long that will last. laura: how good would it be for the u.s. economy if china's tariffs were lifted?el diane: it is important for china's tariffs to be lifted. clearly in the agricultural
sector, the retaliation has been substantia that is one area that has been hurt and bankruptcies have picked up. even there we will not regain all have lost because some farms have already gone bankrupt. but it will help the manufacturing sector. china ha that go well beyond tariffs. it was slowing before the tariffs were imposed. even though it is a stimulating now, it does not seem to be having the same impact, the bank -- bang for the buck it once did. china is trying to get the private sector to borrow again, but remember, people were jailer for ing and then they tried to pull it back. the muscle memory of potential threat of being jailed is still out there. laura: diane swonk, thanks for that analysis. diane: thank you. laura: president trump will go to alabama on friday following catastrophic tornadoes that left 23 people dead. rescue crews are going house to house hoping to find survivors in t wreckage.
a local sheriff says it is the worsdestruction his area has seen in 50 years. the bbc's chris buckler is there with this update. chris: the destruction caused by these tornadoes stretches for miles and miles, this is what you find, houses completely ruined by the high winds that have thrown trees into them -- you can see right into his it has lost its walls. you can see just how powerful the tornado has been, because this is a big tree that has been uprooted here. of course, in some places there are noraomes left. weled into one of the worst-affected areas in beauregard with a resident. as we drove in, we could not see any buildings.n there was no s the houses that had been there until you got up closer and you saw the debris of people's lives. there are also struggling sides, -- startling sites, like a car wrapped around a tree.
in this area, there were people who died. the county sheriff's office has ioen releasing more inform about the victims. the youngest was just six years old. the oldest was 89 years of age. there,e was one family eney are connected, over s people this man lost in one family. chris: people keep on telling me that the whole community ishe tbroken, but there are also people who feel very lucky to be alive because they were inside their homes as the tornado madeo its way h their area. billy lost an entire room of his house as a result of the force of the winds. >> i mean, the fear -- we just had so much fear, that the roof was fixing to leave, because i have cracks on the inside of the house. it picked the roof up but then it set it back down. it didn't take the roof. chris: there are still there is deliberately closed ofwith
electricity companies trying to repair the downed power lines, and there ar working trying to find those people who have been reported missing and have not been found. that is why there are these we -- are these warnings that the death toll could again rise. laura: chris buckler reporting om alabama. the president will go on friday e. see for himself the dam you are watching "bbc world news america." still to come on tonight's program, and outbreak -- an outbreak of ebola has killed hundreds in the democratic republic of congo. tonighwe start a series on why it was so hard to contain. it is tough enough arriving in a new country as a child refugee. once the young people have been granted asylum and taken in the care of local authorities, the face new challenges. "crossing the bbc's divides" series, we have been to
meet a young refugee. >> when i arrived from a war-tornpe country to a deve country, it was extremely tough to find my feet. reporter: three years ago i just 16 years old he arrived in england from afghanistan by himself, and couldn't speak a word of english. he is now in local authority care and has been granted asylum and this shared accommodation in london. >> last back home in afghanistan, good thing that there were family, hav people around you. badng tometimes when you leave home, you don't know if you are going to come back to life or not. reporter: what was it like living in the u.k.? >> very difficult in the beginning to live by yourself. when you have the language barriers and you don't know what age, youat a young
have to look after yourself. i was in an alien land. reporter: ahmed is studying at college and has been offered a place at a top university to study politics. >> social workers learn about appreciating the different cultures. who have those extremes with one or two asylum-seeking children and there are others were supporting thousands over the years, and those with expressible find support easy to provide. >>eg i've ited into society. i've learned about the cture. laura: at least 560 people have ted and close to 900 have been infected by ebola
democratic republic of congo. no country in the world has more experience dealing with the virus, but the latest outbreak has proven difficult to control. tonight senior correspondent anne soy starta series of reports looking at conditions that made the infection spread so quickly. anne: ebola hit this village hard. ily lost 10 members in a matter of weeks. but rochelle and her sister survived. she tells me they were all inni de when the outbreak started. >> we opened the body bag and performed rituals on my mother's body. the medics warned us against it. they said she had died from ebola, but we refused to believe them. we told them she died from foo poisoning. then they tried to get us to get vaccinated, but we refused. anne: this has been a major test for the democratic republic of congo.
it is dealt with nine previous outbreaks, mosy in villages in the west where it was easily contained. in a country as big as w europe but with poor infrastructure, few knew about ebola in the east. that is why health facilities became ebola hotspots. it was worse in formal clinics, where the majority of congolese sick health services. they are run by untrained practitioners. >> wcan't close of this clinic just because the persois not trained. he is an integral part of the health continuum in his community. what we need to do is leverage the fact that he is already here, build his capacity in one way or the other so he can provide safer care. anne: a confirmed case of ebola watreated here. the traditional healer continued to use the same equipment on other paents.
now everdehing has to be ntaminated. or destroyed. it is now sa clinic.e to this community leader assured the villagers. as well as prevent ebola from spreading, it is important to deal with the ignorance that fueled this in the first place. this is an impromptu classroom in the middle othe village. many of these are happening in different parts of eastern congo. health workers are going toif villages, torent residential areas to talk about ebola. he has been asking the children what they know about the disease and teaching them how to prevent it. back at the clinic, destroye items are replaced. it can now continue to function, but not deal witebola.
suspected cases must go to specialized treatment centers. rochelle was treated here, and she is now back to health.su ivors of ebola are immune and here they are giving back, even as the outbreak continues. anne soy, bbc news. laura: the drc struggles with ebola once again. in u.s. politics, michael bloomberg, former mayor of new york city, has announced he will not be running for president in 2020. in a statement, he said he was clear-eyed about the difficulty of winning the democratic nomination in a crowde field, and will continue his efforts to combat climate change. and that leads us to our next story, which had me reaching for my atlas. have you heard of the tiny island of ghoramara? located on the east coast of india, it is on the brink of sinking. climate change is causing wate levels to rise rapidly. soon ghoramara could vanish
completely. reporter: trapped by the waters that are taking away his livelihood and home. for this 43-year-old, there isap no eg these signs of climate change. he could be the last of his t generatilive on the island of ghoramara in eastern india. he knows it is sinking. is there are more floods now, and the water leveising. my farmland is all underwater. i have to catcfish to survive. reporter: more than 50% of the land here has disappeared underwater in the lastg 0 years. leavly 4.5 square kilometers. scientists say global warming is melting snow capin the himalayan region, and the rivers flowing from those mountains are bringing more wa empty into the bay. this is how alarming the situation is -- just three
months back there was land hmie, with five es living. all that is left is the submerged tree. was 30 fed me it tall. that is about a two-story building. this is how fast the water is moving in. there is little reose living he can do to stem the rising tide. once a rich farmer, he now says thedriver water that nourish his crops are ruining them every year. rushes from the mountains, they are bringing more sediment to the area. "there is nothing left for me here," he tells me. those who can are leaving. more than half the island population has fled the rising waters in the last decade. it is devastating for those left behind, especially for the young.ch
"ts don't want to come and stay here. i want to be a doctor, but howy can i stthout good teachers?" this man left after floods destroyed his home. but safety has a steep price. he left for a government-run osettlement colony on theer side of the river, but refuses toall it his home. >> this is not my birthplace. this inot where i belong. i was owner of my land. now i have to work hard to make ends meet. reporter: but now even this camp is running out of space. until the governmentinds a permanent solution, for the 5000 thpeople osinking island, their future could be washed away. ura: the real impact of climate change. remember, you can find much more
on all the day's news at our website. to see what we're working on at any time, check us out on twitter. i am laura trevelyan.an for watching "bbc world news america." >> with the bbc news app, our vertical videos are degned to work around your lifestyle, so you can swipe your way through the news of the day and stay up-tdate with the latest headlines you can trust. download now from selected app stores. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, pursuingr foundatio solutions for america's neglected needs. >> what are you doing?os >> pbilities. your day is filled with them. >> tv, play "downton abbey." >> and pbs helps everyone discover theirs.
captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc ev >> woodruff: gooing. i'm judy woodruff. on the newshour tonight: the toll from alabama in human lives and property. assessin deadliest tornadoes to hit the u.s. in nearly six years. then, we are on thground at the southern u. border, with a report on the harsh conditions that migrants continue to face once they cross intohe u.s. plus, the fight over vaccines. a measles outbreak i pacific northwest renews scnttiny over exemptions gra to parents who refuse to have their children vaccinated. >> i really, really hope itge doesn'to a point where there is a death, and then people go "oh, maybe i don'thi wanthappen to my kid after all." and it's a terrifying thought, because, you know, it cod be