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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  March 8, 2019 2:30pm-3:01pm PST

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[applause] >> and now, "bbc world news." jane: this is "bbc world news america. reporting from washington, i am jane o'brien. fearof a slowing economy aft a disappointing jobs report, but there is one new position open at the white house, as another top official resigns less than four years for paul manafort. president trump says he fe bad for his former campaign manager and offers his usual message. pres. trump: this has nothing to do with collusion. there was no collusion. hoit is a collusio. it is a collusion witchoax. i don't collude with russia. jane: and celebrating a successful splashdown.n
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the spacex drampletes its mission, setting the stage for a new chapter in commercial flight. welcome to our viewers on public television in america and around the globe. the february jobs report landed with a resounding thud, sparking fears of a slowing economy. after months of steady gains, only 20,000 jobs were added last month, which was well below previous reports and far fromct exions. the good news, wages did. increa the report comes in the same week that the u.s. trade deficit hit a 10-year high. for more on the economic news and another white house departure, i spoke through time - i spoke a brief time a with sudeep reddy of politico. let's start with the jobs figures.
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a blipor something more troubling? sudeep: it looks like it could just be a blip. we have had two very unusual months. january was hit a lot by t federal government shutdown that did a number on the numbers, if you will, and made yze what was ana going on. february had particularly cold weather that affected industries like construction. u would not expect a job growth to suddenly shut down the way it has of course thesere fican fluctuate wildly. there is long been an expeditioo that the e would be slowing as we get into a job market that is more mature, and that may be happening, but probably not as bad as it looks on the surface. jane: there are mixed messages at the moment. aw do you account for that? sudeep: there real mixed messages, and 10 years in an economicxpansion, you would expect a certain industries were
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ong at theing al same pace. there is uncertaintythe big debate about whether the trade war with china and the united states is going to ratchet up or come down and quiet down a little bit. that has all created a backup of -- backdrop of uncertainty for manufacturers and for other businesses, uncertainty for markets, put employers in a wait-and-see mode. the backdrop of the globa t economy is n greatest it has been in the last decade. that is certainly one bit of jane: is that part of the tariff war with china? if so, doethat increase the pressure on president trump to make a deal? sudeep: it could increase pressure. the president is very, very aware of the risks here, particularly as evidenced with the stock market reaction. every time there is a hint of a deal with china, the stock market goes up. anyte there might be troubl the market goes down. the president cares a lot about the marketecause he sees it as
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a benchmark, a gauge of how well he is doing. the rest of the global economy had fits and starts. the fact that we never really surged and never had the kind of boom that parts of the real economy expected around the world is one reason why we have e to go a decade without any severe turbulence in at least the last few years. jane: talking about jobs, there fifth or of communications at the white house has resigned, bill shine. p sarah sanderss secretary, says it is a big loss. what do you make of it? sudeep: a lot of communications directors to lose in two years. the president is fond of saying he is his own best communicator, and that is one of the great challenges of the jo that the president determines what he wants to say and how he wants to say it, and he drives a lot of the messaging with a single tweet or a single statement back nd--he can turn the entire new cycle on a dime.
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he does that quite a bit, so it is very hard foromeone to come in in the communications director role and try to stage manage the president and put commander-in-chief image around him when the president is going to do what he wants to do, and he doesn't want a lot of these people telling him what to do' its a tough position to be in and it will be tough for anyone who takes a job in the coming months. jane: sudeep reddy, thanks very much for joining me. sudeep: tha you. jane: president trump's former campaign manager paul manafort fs sentenced to less than four years in prison byeral judge on thursday. manafort was found guilty of tax and bank fraud as part of the ruia investigation headed by robert mueller. there was criticism that the sentce was too lenient, but for president trump, one thing mattered, the charges weren't related to collusion with russia. pres. trump: i feel very badly for paul manafort. i think it has been a very, very tough time for him.
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what you noticedh bs lawyer, a highly respected man, and a highly respected judge, the judge that there was noco usion with russia. this had nothing tiodo with coll there was no collusion. it is a collusion hoax. it is a collusion witch hoax' i don'collude with russia. jane: a brief time ago i discussed the sentencing with criminal defense attorney caroline polisi. caroline, thanks for joining me. there was so much talk about a tough sentence. what do you make of the apparent leniency of this one? caroline: well, we have to remember, jane, that this is not the end of the road for paul manafort. he has a bifurcated trial with portions of his conduct beingte tried in the e district of virginia, where he was just sentenced, and a whole different case in the district of deceit, d district of a
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judge in virginia, ts ellis, has given a prelude to perhaps being sympathetic to paul manafort. he really reamed out the prosecutors, saying the only reason they were bringing the case in the first place was to put pressure on manafort to flip. i think we saw were the judge's sympathies were lying. it is true, he did a downward departure from those guidelines of 15 years, from the lower end. the lowestnd was 19 to 24 years that he could've sentenced mr. manafort. next week, though, he is going to be sentenced on a whole different charges in the district of d.c. by a much less sympathetic judge, judge amy berman jackson. she could give him up to 10 years, she could make thent ce run concurrently or consecutively, meaning she could make it run during the four years or stack it on thereafter so he could look up to 14 years in total. so this is not the end of the story. jane: caroline, nevertheless, isn't it a rebuke for the
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mueller team? president trump is right, there is no charges of collusion they have actually brought here. absolutelyhat is right. thquestion is -- it is relevant to mr. trump that there was no collusion, but these are very serious crimes,hat he was henvicted of, by the way. he chose to take charges to trial and he was convicted of 8 and the jury hung on the other 10. they are sort of run-of-the-mill financial fraud cases, like a lifetime achievement award for paul manafort over the course of decades he has been in this business perpetratinfraud in all areas of his financial life, really. so, look, four years, some are saying it is a slap on the wrist. even one day behind bars is not a pleasant experience. he has been there for nine y months a can see just how much he has been physically ande emotionally orated, he is in a wheelchair now, he has a cane. this is no walk in the park for tm. he is elderly, 6ning 70.
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jane: right. caroline: so i think it was -- it is what it is, four years at this point and he served nine mohs. jane: everybody in washington is waiting for robert mueller to releashis report. what might he be waiting for? is there reason for delay? caroline: well, robert mueller if there is one thing we have learned, robert mueller doesn't do anything on somebody else's timetable. he will finish his report when is work is finished. there are rumblings it wi wrap soon. i tend to think it will be later rather than sooner. there is oer theories out ere that he will deliver a third round of indictments on a friday and then deliver the report on that same day. remember, jane, just because he delivers the report to bill barn doesn't he american public ti going to get to see any portion of that bill barr does his review and decides what to share with congress. jane: and sthe waiting game ntinues.
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caroline polisi, thanks very much for joining me. caroline: thanks for having me. jane: there has been major disruption acrosenezuela a lengthy power cut. school has been closed and working hours curtailed. nintlas maduro's governas blamed the problem on opposition sabotage, although theen was no evidce so far. there is continuing tension over efforts to remove madur office. entire government has resigned over failure to achieve a key policy goal on welfare and health care reform. aithe prime ministerhe was hugely disappointed in the outcome. finland's extensive welfare systems are prder financial sure as the nation's population ages, but reform plans remain polveically controial. t e clock is ticking as the deadline for breoms. nexteek may be pivotal. the british prime minister has appealed for help from eu leaders for one more push to get her deal through parliament. speaki today, theresa may
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warned of a moment of crisis as mpsga rejectif her deal when they vote on tuesday. she says it could result in aso er brexit or no brexit at all which she said would be a political failure.r earlwas joined by amanda sloat, senior fellow at the brookings institution. we seem to be talking about ary crisis eingle week. what is at stake next week on tuesday? amanda: next week is the second opportunity for the britishvo parliament t on theresa may's deal, and as things standt it looks liks deal will get voted down a second time. the question as always remains, then what? jane: ll, you answer that. what happens? [laughter] amanda: there is a vote on theresa may's deal on tuesday and she has promised a vote on on whether they want to leave wednesday the european union thout a deal. it seems that there is not an agreement on a deal. there is also an agreent that
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they don't want the u.k. to leave without a deal. there will be a vote on on whether or not to ask the european union for an extension. at this stage, the most likelyou ome seems to be an extension. theresa may is set to meet her fellow european union leaders at an eu summit where she will likely have a discussion about an extension. e question there is asking an extension for what. they are not going to want to delay for further london wrangling. at the same time, we are seeing the blame game beginni they will likely agree to some sort of extension so they appear helpful rather than punitive. jah : why can't they re deal even at this late stage? the political cost of the blame game must beuge at this point. amanda: so theresa may has repeatedly asked the european union to renegotiate the backstop for northern ireland and she has asked for things that the european union has refused to change. she has wanted to have the unilateral right for the u.k. to
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leave the backstop. there is the fear that theu.k. could get trapped into this customs union with the eu.s she ked for the possibility to renegotiate and m find othhanisms, and there simply are not those mechanisms. the eu negotiator came out this afternoon and said that if you are afraid of getting stuck in the backstop, it is possible to tovert back to the northern ireland-only bac which is where we were in this process over a year ago. the alternative for theresa may ng to give up on renegotia the backstop, which has not been working, and shift to a softer brexit, which would see the u.k. stand in a customs union with the eupean union. she could get some support for that from labour mps, but it would likely split her conservative party. jane: and gain no support from brexiteers who would say what is the point. anda: absolutely. the fundamentalyo problem, a and i have discussed several
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times, is that there is no single majority in parliamenin for any way forward. the european union is getting frustrated with this. while they may allow some sort of short-term extension to be helpful, there is talk of a much longer-term extension. some people moe talking nine hs, some are talking a full 21 months as was said in that piece, theresa may is trying to scare the brexiteers that if they don't support her the delay could end up leading to no brexit, which is a benefit to many people but anathema to those who wanted to see brexit. jane: very briefly, there has been talk of a second referendum. how is likely is that? corbyn leader of thopposition party, came out and said he supports it, which a shift. the problem is there is no opposition math for that either. there are enough labour mps opposed to it that they will not cancel out the number conservative mps willing to support it. there is no majority for that either. jane: amanda sloat, thanks for joining me. you are watching "bbc world news america."l
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stil come on tonight's program, international women's day is mar d around the globe with celebrations and protests for greater equality. this week, the latest car innovations have been on display at the geva motor show. ♪ thister: let's start with one. as you can see,ts defining feature is it is prettyodmall. it is for use in cities. clever. well, maybe not this one. the only thing quirky about it
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really is the price, a cool $19 llion. well, how about this it may look like an old land rover defender, because that is what it is under the skin, but this has beenin reengeered by u.k. firm. you come around here, and this one has got the. bar in th gin and tonic. i call that quirky. bout this little number? it comes from estonia. it looks old, but is actually brand-new. it is designed aa concept of ecological motoring. you know what? i think we might for a winner here. this is an ultramodern electric supercar, but it has 1930's
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styling. that's quirky. it costs about 1.5 million euros. excuse me, i'm going to give my baal manager a cl. see you later. hello? i need 1.5 million euros. for car. alleo over the world e have been celebrating international women's day. the annual event marks the achievements of wngen in everytrom sport to politics, but it is also about promoting equality three the sexes. -- between the sexes. our correspondent has this loport. reporter: as the cck struck atdnight, women in madrid gathered to celebrthe arrival of international women's day, banging pots and pans to make themselves heard. many of them are taking part in a feminist strike today across
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spain to draw attention to xual discrimination, violence, and the wage gap. in afghanistan, where international women's day is aol national hay, these women often face prejudice on several fronts. but the international red cross filmed them enjoying what they do best. at the elysées palace in paris, r manuel macron presided o new award by the french state to regnize trailblazing wome the first winner was a woman who marriage in cameroon.d she accepted t prize named after a famous french feminist politician. >> for me it is al c follow in her footsteps and defending opathe shared past defending women to future generations. reporter: president putin has been trying to flag up his credentials as a champion feemle
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werment. here he was riding with female officers in the russian mounted police. closer to home, conservative female mps made this video highlighting the abuse directed at women in public life. t >> we neimprove the gender erlance in parliament. reporter: a remihat there is some way to go before all misogynist abuse is consigned to histor jane: could american astronauts soon be riding commercial aircraft into space? they may be one step closer now that the spacex dragon as irstssively completed its flight, splashing down in the atlantic. there was no crew on board, but two astronauts may make their first flight this summer, as pallab ghosh reports. pallab: it could not have gone any better. a successful splashdown and a mission where everything wentwo like clo.
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>> dragono has returnedanet earth. it is now back home. pallab: the day started with the crew of the international space station saying goodbye to the capsule they might be flying on their next mission. si we have motion. you see dragon plly separating from the international space station. pallab: on board is a dummy named ripley, packed with sensors engineers can analyze how astronauts will experience the ride. >> the dragon spacecraft continuing to descend, now subsonic. pallab: six hours later and it comes into view from earth. its heatshield uses a relatively untested technology. it seems to have worked. it protects the capsule during reentry. it goes exactly as planned. >> splashdown was beautiful.s ehe engined technicians
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and everybody on ground will be checking all the numbers, all the data, making sure everything is good for a ewed mission. later this year, hopefully. >> one small step for man -- pallab: nasa is hoping for a rern to its golden era, wh 50 years ago it was able to send astronauts tthe moon. for 8 long years the human spaceflight missions have been grounded. if dragon's mission has gone as well as it seems, those glory days could soon be back. llab ghosh, bbc news. jane: for more on this venture i spoke a brief time ago in los angeles to a former nasa astronaut who currently serves as a senior advisor to spacex. thanks very much for joining me. how big an achieves this? would you describe it as a game changer? >> it is pretty huge, yeah. we have been working towards this day for a long time, and it is game changer. i think it is the beginning of a new golden age of spaceflight.
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jane: what was the biggest challenge to reach this point? it hasaken eight years. >> it has. there have been a lot of challenges aloon the way. of the biggest challenges was taking two similar ilarhe similar -- dissim organizations and cultures -- a big government agency like nas d a company like spacex, which very much has silicon valley in its dna, and trying to get the two of them to bring out the best in each other. that is what we have accomplished, and it was evident this week. jane: what about from thets astro' point of view? as a former astronaut yourself, what are you looking for to reassure that this will work? amazing thats just wh get to do this. it is remarkable you think back to when we first flew the haspace shuttle in 1981, w two people inside. we would never do that inside. -- we would never do that today. we have the luxury with this technology to do an end to end
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mission including docking with the space station with nobody siing inside before we try it with people. that gives me a lot of confidence as a former astronaut when i'm about to see my buddies strapped into this thing and g pretty soon themselves the we have tested it was. jane i suppose you have ripley, your space dmy. garrett: please don't call her a dummy. [laughter] jane: i stand corrected. what sort of data aretyou hoping torom ripley? lrrett: from ripley in particular, what iike to sit in that seat. she is instrumented with a lot of different sensors come so we will know how much acceleration she felt, which vibration she felt, and the different parts of her body. i can tell from looking at the video that she had a smooth ride. jane: this is good for nasa, but does it also open up space travel for other people? garrett: it does. it's interesting, rightow we are entirely focused on serving our nasa customer.
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the primary purpose is to get the united states of america back to launching men and women on american rockets from american soil. without having to rely on russian partners to do that for us. that but as part of the contract, we have the ability to build more pldragons and take other p not just nasa astronauts, up to space. that is something you will see, in the not-too-distant future. jane: when do you think dragon ll be launching for real garrett: well, she did launch for real, bunobody was sitting in her. we have on and we will do that very soon. i'm confident that before the end of the year we will be flying our first two test pilots, nasa astronauts, up to the space station in dragon. jane: thank you very much indeed for joining me. garrett: my pleasure, thank you. jane: eiting times ahead.
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congratulations to them all. you can find all the day's news on our website i'm jane o'brien. thanks for watching "bbc world news america." >> with the bbc news app, our vertical videos are designed to work around your lifestyle, so ghu can swipe your way thr the news of the day and stay up-to-date with the latest headlines you can trust. download now from selected app stores. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundaon, and kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. >> what are you doing? >> possibilities. onur day is filled with them. >> tv, play "downtbbey." >> and pbs helps everyone
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discover theirs. anytime, anywhere. pbs. are with you for life. >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet, los angeles.
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening. i'm judy woodruff. on the newshour tonight: disparities in the lenhs of prison terms come under scrutiny, after former trump campaign chairman paul manafort recees a sentence of just under four years. then, it's fridand mark shieldsichael gerson are here to discuss congress's antbigotry resolution, the investigations into the president, and the race for020. and, to some, classical muc can seem impenetrable. now, a new effort to change that, with one recommended piece of classical music for each day of the year. >> people would say to me things like, "i don't know if i'm listening right."nt and i would o just say to them, you know, "if you're a human being, and you have ears, and you're responding to that piece of music, that's listening


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