tv BBC World News America PBS March 8, 2019 5:30pm-6:00pm PST
[applause] >> andow, "bbc world news." jane: this is "bbc world news america." reporting om washington, i am jane o'brien. fears of a slowing economy after a disappointing jobs report, but there is one n position open at the white house, top official resigns. less than four years for pa manafort. president trump says he feels bad for his former campaign manager and offers his usual message. pres. trump: this has nothing to do with collusion. there was no collusion. it is a collusion hoax. it is a clusion witch hoax. i d't collude with russi jane: and celebrating a successful splashdown. the spacex dragon completes its
mission, setting the stage for a new chapter in commercial flight. welcome to our viewers on public television in america and around the globe. the february jobs report landed with a resounding thud, sparking fears of a slowing economy. after months of steady gains, only 20,000 jobs were added laso h, which was well below previous reports and far from expectations. the good news, wages did increase.rt the reomes in the same week that the u.s. trade deficit hit a 10-year high.e for more on onomic news and another white house departure, i spoke through time ago -- i spoke a brief time ago with sudeep reddy of politaro. let's with the jobs figures.
a blip, or something more troubloog? sudeep: it like it could just be a blip. we have had two very unusual months. january was hit a lot by the federal govethment shutdown did a number on the numbers, if you will, and made it harder to analyze what was going on. february had particularly cold weather that affected industries like construction. yout would not expjob hugrowth to suddenlydown the way it has of course these figures can fluctuate wildly. there is long been an expedition that the economy would beg slow we get into a job market that is more mature, and that may be happening, but probably not as bad as it looks on the surface. jane: at the moment.messages how do you account for that? sudeep: there really are mixed messages, and 10 years in an economic expansion, you would expect a certain industries were ong at thegging al
same pace. there is uncertainty with the big debate aboute hether the trr with china and the united states is going to ratchet up or come down and quiet down a little bit. that has all created backup of -- backdrop of uncertainty for manufacturers and for other businesses, unrtainty for markets, put employers in ait nd-see mode. e backdrop of the global economy is not the greatest it has been in the last decade.rt that is nly one bit of concern right now. jane: is that part of the tariff war with china? if so, does that increase then pressureesident trump to make a deal? sudeep: it could increase pressure. the president is very, very aware of the risks here, particularly as evidenced with the ock market reaction. every time there is a hint of a deal with china, the stock market goes up. anytime there might be trouble, the market goes down. the president cares a lot abo the market because he sees it as a benchmark, a gauge of how well
he is doing. the rest of the glob economy had fits and starts. the factwe never really surged and never had the kind of s boom that pa the real economy expected around the world is oney reason have been able to go a decade without any severe turbulence in at least the last few years. jane: talking about jobs, the fifth director of communicationu at the white has resigned, bill shine. sarah sanders, press secretary, says it is a big loss. omat do you make of it? sudeep: a lot ofnications directors to lose in two years. the president is fonof saying he is his own best communicator, and that is one of the great challenges of the job, that the president determines what he wants to say and how he wants to say it, and he drives a lot of the messaging with a single tweet or a single statement back -- and he can turn the entire new cycle on a dime. he does that quite a bit, so it
is very hard for someone to come in in the communications director role and try to stage manage the president and put a commander-in-chief imageou him when the president is going to do what he wants to do, and he doesn't want a lot ofes people telling him what to do. it's a tough position to be inl and it w tough for anyone who takes a job in the coming months. ksjane: sudeep reddy, thery much for joining me. sudeep: thank you. jane: president tmp's former campaign manager paul manafort was sentenced to less than four years in prison by a federal judge on t wrsday. manafo found guilty of tax and bank fraud as part of the russia investigation headed by robert mueller. there was criticism that the sentence was too lenient, but for presidt trump, one thing mattered, the charges weren't related to collusion with russia. pres. trump: i feel very badly for paul mafort. i think it has been a very, very tough time for him. what you noticed both his
lawyer, a highly respected man, and a highly respected judge,e dge that there was no collusion with russia. this had nothing to do with collusion.e ths no collusion. it is a collusion hoax. it is a collusion witch hoax. i don't collude with russia. jane: a brief time ago i atscussed the sentencing with criminal defensrney caroline polisi. caroline, thanks f joining me. there was so much talk about a tough sentence. what do you make of the apparent leniency of this one? caroline: we, we have to remember, jane, that this is not the end of the road for paul manafort. he has a bifurcated trial with portions of his conduct being tried in the eastern district of virginia, ere he was just sentenced, and a whole different case in the district of deceit, dc, and theof a
judge in virginia, ts ellis, har given ude to perhaps being sympathetic to paul manafort. he really reamed out thein prosecutors, sthe only reason they were brithe case in the first place was to put pressure on manafort to flip. e'think we saw were the j's sympathies were lying. it is true, he did a downward departure from those guidelines of 15 years, from the lower end. the lowest end was 19 to 24 years that hcould've sentenced mr. manafort. next week, though, he is going to be sentenced on a whole different charges in the district of d.c. by a much less mpathetic judge, judge amy berman jackson. she could give him up to 10 years, she could make the sentence run concurrently oriv consecy, meaning she could make it run during the four years or stack it on thereafter so he could look up to 14 years in total. so this is not the end of the story. jane: caroline, nevertheless, isn't it a rebuke f the mueller team? president trump is right, there
is no charges of collusion they have actually brought here. aolutely that is righ the question is -- it is relevant to mr. trump that there was no collusi, but these are very serious crimes, that he was convicted of, by the way. he chose to take these charges to trial and he was convicted of 8 and the jury hung on the other 10. they are sort of run-of-the-mill financial fraud cases, like a lifetime achievement award for paul manafort over the course of decades he has been in t business perpetrating fraud in all areas of his financial life, really. so, look, four years, some are saying it is a slap on the wrist. ncen one day behind bars is not a pleasant exper he has been there for nine months and you can see just how much he has been physically and w,otionally deteriorated, he is in a wheelchair e has a cane. this is no walk in the park for him. he is elderly, 69, turning 70. jane: right.
caroline: so i think it was -- rv is what it is, four years at this point and he nine months. jane: everybody in washington is waiting for robert mueller to release his report. what might he be waiting for? is there reasofor delay? caroline: well, robert mueller -- if there is one thing we have learned, robertsn mueller 't do anything on somebody else's timetable. he will finish his report wh is work is finished. there are rumblings it will wrap up soon.te to think it will be later rather than sooner. there is other theories out there that he will deliver a third round of indictments on a friday and then deliver the report on that same day. rtmember, jane, just because he delivers the reo bill barr doesn't mean the american public is going to get to see any portion of that until bill barr does his review and decides what to share with congress. jane: and so the waiting game continues. caroline polisi, thanks very
much for joining me. caroline: thanks for having me. jane: there has been major disruption across venezuela a lengthy power cut. school has been closed and working hours curtailed. nicolas maduro's government has opposition problem o sabotage, although there was no evidence so far. there is continuing tension over efforts to remove maduro from office. ntire government has resigned over failure to achiev y policy goal on welfare and health ce reform. the prime minister said he was hugely disappointed in the outcome. lffinland's extensive re systems are under financial pressure as the nation's population ages, but reform plans remain politically controversial.th clock is ticking as the deadline for brexit looms. next week may be pivotal. the british prime minister has appealed f help from eu leaders for one more push to get her deal through parliament. speaking today, theresa may
warned of a moment of crisis as mps again reject her deal when they vote on tuesday. she says it could result in a softer brexit or no brexit at all which she saidtiould be a pol failure. earlier i was joinedoa by amanda senior fellow at the brookings institution. we seem to be talking about a crisis every single week. what is at stake next week on tuesday? branda: next week is the second opportunity for thish d rliament to vote on theresa may's deal, things stand it looks like this deal will ge vown a second time. the estion as always remains then what? jane: well, you answer that. what happens? [laughter] amanda: there is a vote on theresa may's deal on esday and she has promised a vote on on whether they want to lee e wednesday ropean union without a deal. it seems that there is not an agreement on a deal. there is also an agreement that they don't waav the u.k. to
without a deal. there will be a vote on thursday on whether or not to ask the european union for an extension. at this stage, the most likely outcome seems to be ann. extens theresa may is set to meet her fellow european union leaders at an eu summit where she will likely have a discussion about an extension. the question there is asking an extension for what. they are not going to want to delay for further london wrangling. at the same time, we are seeing the blame game beginning. meey will likely agree to sort of extension so they appear helpful rather than punitive. jane: why can't they reach a deal even at this late stage? the political cost of the blame game must be huge at this point. amanda: so theresaas may repeatedly asked the european union to renegotiate the backstop for northern ireland and she has asked for things that the european union has refused to change. she has wanted to have the unilateral right for the u.k. to ave the backstop. there is the fear that the u.k.
could get trapped into this customs union with the eu. she has asked for the possibility to renegotiate and find other mechanisms, and there simply are not those mechanisms. egotiator came out this afternoon and said that if you are afraid of getting stuck in the backstop, it is possible to revert back to the northern ireland-only backstop, which is where we were in this process over a year ago. thyalternative for theresa is to give up on renegotiating the backstop, which has not been working, and shift to a softer brexit, which would see the u.k. stand a customs union with the european union. she could gesome support for that from labour mps, but it would likely split h conservative party. jane: and gain no support from brexiteers who would say what e int. amanda: absolutely. the fundamental problem, as you and i have discussed several times, is that there is no
ngle majority in parliament for any way going forward. the european union is getting frustrated with this. while they may allow some sort of short-term exlpnsion to be l, there is talk of a much longer-term extension. some people are talking nine months, some are talking a full 21 months. as was said in that piece, theresa may is trying to scare e brexiteers that if the don't support her deal, the delacould end up leading to no brexit, which is a benefit to many people but anathema to those who wanted to see brexit. :ja very briefly, there has been talk of a second t?ferendum. how is likely is t corbyn leader of the opposition party, came out andup said herts it, which is a shift. the problem is there is no opposition math for that either. there are enough labour t s opposed toat they will not cancel out the number of conservative mps willing to support it. there is no majority for that either. jane: amanda sloat, thanks for you are watching "bbc world news america." still to come on tonight's
enogram, international wo's day is marked around the globe with celebrations and protests for greater equality. this week, the latest car innovations have been on display at the geneva motor show. reporter:th let's start wi this one. definingn see, its feature is it is pretty small. it is good for use in cities. clever. well, ma the only thing quirky about it really is the price, a cool $19
million. well, how about this? it may look like an old land rover defender, because that is what it is undeeut skin, this has been reengineered by u.k. firm. you come around here, and this one has got the bar in the back. gin and tonic. i call that quirky. well, how about this little number? it comes from estonia. it looks old, but is actually brand-new. it is designed as a concept of ecolical motoring. you know what? i think we might for a winner here. this is an ultramodern electric supercar, but it has 1930's styling.
that's quirky. it costs about 1.5 million euros. excusem me, i'ing to give my bank manager a call. see you later. hello? i need 1.5 million euros. for a car. all over the world people have been celebrating international women's day. the annual event marks t achievements of women in everything from sport to politics, but it is ao about promoting equality three the sexes. -- between the sexes. our correspondent hais report. reporter: as the clock struck miight, women in madrid gathered to celebrate the arrival of international women's day, banging pots and pans to ke themselves heard. many of them are taking part in a feminist strike today acrossai
to draw attention to sexual discrimination, violence, and the wage gap.an in afghani, where international women's day is a national holiday, these women often face prejudice on several fronts. but the international red cross filmed them enjoying what they do best. at the elysées palace in paris, emmanuel macron presided over a new awarby the french state to recognize trailblazing women. the first winner was a woman who campaigned against child marriage in cameroon. she accepted the prize named after a famous french feminist politician. >> i for me a call to follow in her footsteps and defending pass on the shared past defending women to future generations. reporter: president putin has been trying to flag up his credentials as a champion female empowerment.
here heid wasg with female officers in the russian mounted police. closer to home, conservative female mps made this video t highlighti abuse directed at women in public life. en we need to improve the gender balance in parli reporter: a reminder that there is some way to go befo misogynist abuse is consigned to history. jane: could american astronauts soon be ring commercial aircraft into space? they may be one step closer now that the spacex dragon as cessively completed its first flight, splashing down in the atlantic. there was no crew on board, but two astronauts may make their first flight this summer, as pallab ghosh reports. oupallab: it not have gone any better. a successful splashdown and a mission where everything went like clockwork.
>> dragon has returned to planet earth. it is now back home. pallab: the day started with the crew of the international space station saying goodbye to the capsule they might be flying on their next mission. we have motion. you see dragon physically separating from thsp internationae station. pallab: board is a dummy named ripley, packed with sensors so engineers can analyze how astronauts will experience the ride. >> the dragon spacecraft continuing to descend, now subsonic. pallab: six hours lateit comes into view from earth. its heatshield uses a latively untested technology. it seems to have worked.th it protect capsule during reentry. it goes exactly as planned. >> splashdown was beautiful. the engineers and technicians and everybody on the ground will
be checking all the numbers, all the data, making sure everything is good for a crewed mission. later this year, hopeful s. >> one smap for man -- pallab: nasa is hoping for a return to its golden era, when 50 years ago iwas able to send astronauts to the moon. for 8 long years the human spaceflight missions have been grounded. if dragon's mission has gone as well as it seems, those glory ys could soon be back. pallab ghosh, bbc news. jane:ve for more on thiure i spoke a brief time ago in los angeles to a former nasa astronaut who currently serves as a senior advisor to spacex. thanks very much for joining me. how big an achievement is this? would you descri it as a game changer? >> it is pretty huge, yeah. we have been working towards this day for a long time, and it is a game changer. i think it is the beginning of a new golden age of spaceflight. jane: what was the biggt
challenge to reach this point? it has taken eight years. >> it has. there have been a lot of challenges along the way. one of the biggest challenges ngwas tawo similar-- ilar similar -- dissim organizations and culturesg --a government agency like nasa and a company like spacex, which very much has silicon valley in ngs dna, and trying to get the two of them to but the best in each other. that is what we have accomplished, and it was evident this week. jane: what about from the astronauts' point of view? as a former astronaut yourself, wat are you looking for to reassure that thl work? garrett: it is just we get to do this. it is remarkable, when you think back to when we first flew the space shuttle in 1981, we had two peop inside. we would never do that inside. -- we wo we have the luxury with this technology to do an end to end mission including docking with the space station with nobody
sitting inside before we try it with people. that gives me a lot of confidence as a former astronaut when i'm about to see my buddies strapped into this thing and go pretty soon themselves the we have tested it was. jane: suppose you have ripley, your space dummy. garrett: please don't call her a dummy. [laughter] what sort of data are you hoping to get from ripley? garrett: from ripley in particular, what it is like to sit in that seat. she is instrumented with a lot of different sensors com so we will know how much acceleration she felt, which vibration e felt, and the different parts of her body. i can tell from looking at the video that she had a smooth ride. jane: this is good for nasa, but does it also open up space travel for other people? garrett: it does. it's interesting, right now wee tirely focused on serving our nasa customer. the primary purpose is to geted
the untates of america back to launching men and women on american rockets from american soil. without having to rely on partners to do that for us. that is our primary focus. but as part of the contract, we have the ability to build more dragons and take other people, not ju nasa astronauts, up to space. that is something you wi see, in the not-too-distant future. jane: when do you think dragon will be launching for real? garrett: well,he did launch for real, but nobody was sitting in her. we have one more big test to go and we will do that very soon. i'm confident that before the end of the year we will be flying ourirst two test lots, nasa astronauts, up to the space station in dragon.th janek you very much indeed for joining me. garrett: my pleasure, thank you. jane: exciting times ahead.
cong you can find all the day's news on our website. i'm jane o'brien. thanks for watching "bbc world news america." >> with the bbc news app, our vertical videos are designed to work around your lifestyle, so you can swipe your way through the news othe day and stay up-to-date with the latest headlines you can trust. download now from selected app stores. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, and kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. >> what are you doing? >> possibilities. your day is filled witthem. >> tv, play "downton abbey." >> and pbs helps everyone
captioning sponsored by newsho productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening. i'm judy woodruff. on the newshour tonight: disparities in the lengths of prison terms come under scrutiny, after former trump campaign chairman paul manafort receives a sentence of just under four years. then, it's friday. mark shields and michael gerson are here to discuss congress's anti-bigotry resolution, the investns into the president, and the race for 2020. and, to some, classical music can seem impenetrable. now, a new effort to change that, with one recommended piece of classical music for each day of the year. >> people would say to me things like, "i don't know if i'm listening right." and i would want to just say to them, you know, "if you're a human being, and you have ears, and you're responding to that piece of music, that's listening