tv PBS News Hour PBS March 8, 2019 6:00pm-7:00pm PST
captioning sponsored by newsho productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening. i'm judy woodruff. on the newshour tonight: disparities in the lengths of prison terms come under scrutiny, after former trump campaign chairman paul manafort receives a sentence of just under four years. then, it's friday. mark shields and michael gerson are here to discuss congress's anti-bigotry resolution, the investns into the president, and the race for 2020. and, to some, classical music can seem impenetrable. now, a new effort to change that, with one recommended piece of classical music for each day of the year. >> people would say to me things like, "i don't know if i'm listening right." and i would want to just say to them, you know, "if you're a human being, and you have ears, and you're responding to that piece of music, that's listening right."
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>> woodruff: the uonomy may have hit a speed bump last month, due partly to wanter weather the federal government shutdown. the labor department reports af net gainst 20,000 jobs in february-- the smallest in nearly 18 months. the unemployment rate still dropped to 3.8%, down two-tenths from january. and, average hourly pay rose 3.4% from a year earlier-- the most in a decade. debate swirled today over the prison sentence handed down for paul manafort, the former trump campaign chairman. last night, a federal judge in ndrginia gave him just under four years for taxank fraud. that is far less than sentencing guidelines recommend. president trump today voiced sympathy for manafort-- while c aliming vindication in the russia probe. >> i feel very badly for paul manafort. i think it has been a very, very tough time for him.
but if you notice, both his lawyer, a highly respected man, and a very higspected judge-- the judge-- said there was no collusion with russia. >> woodruff: the judge actually said that manafort was not sentenced for collusion, since the crimes in this case occurred ars earlier. we will explore disparities in sentencing, aftey.the news summ seperately, the president and michael cohen, his former personal attorney, traded accusations over twitter today. mr. trump claimed that cohen asked him rectly for a pardon, and then lied about it. cohen tweeted back that the president is the one who is lying. thatar of words played out a president trump traveled to beauregard, in eastern alabama, today to survey the damage created by a deadly tornado. he and the first lady met with survivors, and then handed out relief supplies. they also signed bibles for
admirers, and visited a row of 23 crosses, one for each person killed in sunday's storm. the u.s. house of representatives today passed a wide-ranging bill on elections, campaign finance and corruption. democrats say it would force so-called super-pacs to disclose sseir donors, and set up public financing for congnal campaigns. republicans running the senate called it a federal takeover of elections, and vowed to kill it. much of venezuela was blacked out overnight and today by its worst electrical outag decades-- before power slowly came back.rk ed hospitals turned away patients, businesses and school closd people filled streets in caracas as the subways shutown. >> ( translat): i'm sitting here waiting to see if i go to work or if i shouldn't go to work. i don't know where my mom could be, so it is a bit worrying, personally. >> ( translated ): the lights
went out yesterday, and today we woke up without any light. we don'tnow anything. we are not working because there is no power. that's the reaty in the country. >> woodruff: the outage added to political turmoil, with the opposion blaming the government, and the government blaming the united states. millions of women took to the streets around the globe to mark this international women's day. there were solidarity marches from spain to the philippines. large crowds carried signs and demanded equal rights, pay equity and an end to sexual abuse. the demonstration in istanbul, turkey was so massive that riot police were called in to disperse the women trying to march. back in this country, u.s. air force secretary heather wilson has announced that she is resigning to become presidentit of the univeof texas at el paso. and, in a surprise, former fox news executi bill shine is leaving after eight months as white house communications director. he will serve as a senior
advisor to the trump re-election campaign. sigrand jury in chicago has indicted actor jsmollett on 16 felony counts. he is accused of lenng to police e reported he had sufferedob a racist, homo attack. smollett was initially charged last month with a siount, and released on $100,000 bon an unmanned space-x capsule is back fm a test flight to the international space station. the capsule splashed down this morning in the atlantic oceanes some 200 mff the florida coast. thatets up a june flight, wi two astronauts aboard. nasa is using space-x and boeing to end its reliance on russian rockets for manned fli and, on wall street, the dow jones industrial average lost 23 points today to close at 25,450. the nasdaq fell 13 points, and the s&p 500 slipped five. still to come on the newshour: paul manafort's sentencing
raises questions about the lengths of prison terms. the evolution of u.s. strategy towards north korea. mark shields and michael gerson break downwahe latest from ington. author clemency burton-hill on listening to classical music. and, much more. >> woodruff: as we have been reporting, president's former campaign chairman, paul manafort, was sentenced thursday to less an four years in federal prison for tax and bank fraud. that is far less than the hly 20 years he had face under federal sentencing guidelines. the sentence delivered by a district judge in alexandria, virginia, sparked outrage on social media, with some advocates noting the stark ldisparities in our crimi justice system. former federal judge kevin sharp
is here with an insider' perspective. kevin sharp, welcome to the newshour. we talk about sentencing guidelines. what are they, who sets them and do judges have to abide by them? >> well, thank you for havingse me. encing guidelines came about in the late 1980's as a counter to what i believed to be too much disparity across the country about sentencing so these guidelines came about formed by a commission, presidential commission. lots of experts in the area and they were assnuigneerical values to crimes and there are certain enhancements and mitigating factors that would adjust to get you to a range. at one time those ranges were mandatory. after the case of the united states versus hooker the supreme court said they are notnd ory but advisory. they become really the basis
that every judge should work from to fashion a sentence. >> woodruff: a judge is not required to abide by them is that right. that's right. but you are required to determine what the guide line range is and then use that as your starting point when you fashion a sentence. the sentences are supposed to be sufficient but not more harsh than necessary to comply with the purposes of wh we sentence people and the goals wre tryi to accomplish. >> woodruff: how far out of the norm was the sentence handed down by the federal district judge in virginia for paul manafort for tax and bank fraud. >> one of nge thyou need to focus on is that he's only being sentenced for the crime that he was convicted of. you're right, that was mentioned as the tax fraud. t it was fairly out of the norm, i think. now i don't disagree that that guideline range 20 years is
awfully high. in most instances, i think, thad the gine ranges are overly harsh. but that's why a judge has discretion and you can move upward or downward from those ranges. but to come down to something right at four years was very odd and very surprising fo me. and a bit disturbing based on what i know and experience about the disparity and sentencing between white collar crimes and drug crimes. >> woodruff: we kw what we were mentioning earlier let's been an outcry on social media and beyond that with ny people saying individuals who have committed far different crimes where this was no vionce involved, no one was hurt. there was even an item written by a public defender in new york city saying a man stole a hundred dollar worth of coins out of a laundry and was to be sentenced for longer than what
paul manafort received. >> i saw that as wel i'm not sure if that's accurate or not but i know that that general feeling and what ty're talking about happens. you had the individual down in texas who voted when she should not have, it appears it was inadvertent and she gets five years. this two this ing on. one is was this sentence appropriate for mr. manafort but then there's the flip side of that. are these other sentences just entirely t n harsh. and ed to not lose sight of what we're really talking aout and they are separate issues here. i think that the sentence fo mr. manafort was unjust in the sense that there should hah been for te crime that hed commitmore harsh sentence. and i'm equally sure that had the individual not been wealthy or white we probably would have seen that sentence. not because i'm saying anything about judge el else but i'm
saying that's what the data would show. sentences are just more harsh >> woodruff: we should jut point out seven sharp you in just stepping down from the federal bench a little over two years ago made a statement about your, the way you read some of the sentencing guidelines and you felt they were too harsh. >> exactly. particularly witregard to non-violent drug crimes. there were three individuals that had mandatory, in my courtroom, concted of drug crimes. i was required to give themor mandlife sentences. that to me was outrageous and not at all in line with what sentencing should be about, particularly if we're looking for a sentence that's such to punish for -- sufficient to punish for the crme that was committed. and we're not looking at se. we're finally starting to look at that but i was very frustrated by what was going on and thought there needed to be a
ben er spotlightat. i think some of things that are happening with the first step act are moving us there. there's still a lot that needs to be done. so in the one sense i'm arguing sentences in general are too harsh particularly for drug crimes. but individuals are who you sentence, right? so if wek loo the individual and what this individual did, i'm talking abut mr. manafort, if you're looking at what you did and all the other factors you take into account for isn't sing, i this was entirely too lenient for what happened. >> woodruff: all of us pointing to the fact there's been a lot more focus as you say on sentencing d we're going to continue to do that. kevin sharp, we thank you very much. >> thank you. >> woodruff: in just about three months, the u.s. women's
national soccer team is scheduled to defend its world championship when the women's world cup kicks off in france.a but today, iunning move on international women's day, all 28 members of the am so far filed a gender discrimination lawsuit against the u.s. soccer federation. as amna nawaz tells us, the lawsuit is by far the most ambitious move by the team yet. ad nawaz: in their filing, the players said thereeen years of institutionalized gender discrimination. that meant far lower pay, they said. ayers such as alex morgan, megan rapinoe ald carli lloyd said in the lawsuit, their working conditions-- training, facilities, medical trt and more-- were all affected by this alleged discrimination. elizabeth mitchell ce ers this for ew york daily news," and she joins me now from elizabeth, thanks for being with wi. let's star how we got here. there was a complaint filed with the eeoc, the equal employment opportunity commission a few years ago. how did that lead to this
lawsuit? >> really it led directly necause what happened was whe the eeoc started looking into mt, they needed documents fro the u.s. soccer stating the women's revenue and they were unable to get them. so this is really trying to force discovery of those documents to figure out exactly what the women's revbeenue has , not only now but how much it has been in the past. >> so ere are some number they include in the lawsuit that you mention that's not just about e disparity in pay but a lot of it is about the pay i want to read you part of the lawsuit. they said the pay structure was so skew in2015 the men's national team earned 9 million r losing round of 16 and women earned only 2 for wining the entire tournament. is it really that bad? do we know why te pay disparity is as big as it is? >> yes.'s errible and really it starts at the top. there's an interna conal federatiled fifa which you might have seen in the news because there's a lot of investigation of corruption
within fifa but it is a boy's club. it's had a lot of sexism in it going back and they never broke out how much the women were making there. that fifa hands money down to u.s. soccer. so some of that discrgeinatory alsots handed down but yes those numbers are accurate. >> help us uderstand. what is it the women want to see happen as a result of the lawsuit and is there chance they could be successful. >> oh yeah, i think actually this is e is best char success. the main thing they want to know is what do we make. i mean, it is a verweird situation because they don't get to see their economics. it goes through this private company called soccer united marketing and that entity has all the information about howv much renue comes in through sponsorships and all the rest but they've never broken it out for the women. so the women want to say let us be paid equally. if we make less let's get paid less but let us look what we're
bringing into the fedination. one et's make sure all of our work conditions, our training and all th rest, there we have equality because that's the way to build the sport going forward. >> it's worth mentioning this isn't the first time they've been fighting to equalize the pay and other conditions. very briefly have they made any progress over the years. >> yes there has been some enprogress particularly hey renegotiated their contract that was under a theat of lawsuit as well but they were able to get some boost in their compensation for some public appearances they were able to get a little increase on the prize money, a little increase on some of the benefits of the training facilities but not enough and it is the only heag as wel league as well, the only u.s. federation that has this commercial arm taking in tite prand then telling the women and men what they make. >> this lawsuit was fed today so we'll see where it leads. elizabeth mitchell of the nbody daily news. thanks very much. >> thank you for having me.
>> nawaz: and let's get some reaction from julie foudy, the former captain of the u.s. women's national team, who is a two-time world cup champion and an olympic gold medalist. she's now a soccer commentator and reporter for espn. and hosts a podcast called "laughter permitted," which is about women pioneers in sports. she joins us now on the phone. julie thank u so much for being with us. let's just start with your reaction. at did you think when you first heard about the lawsuit today. >> had interesting timing right before the world cup of course and it's bold and brave which is pretty much trademarks of this team for so long. what i love about this current group is they understand that their roll in s role in so manyo pioneer for other women whether it be the u.s. hockey tea d you wn the list of national bodies aren't doing enough for their women's team and they recognize they have an rpportunity to set the path f these other teams and they're going to do just that.
>> it's worth noting bckan th99 you and your teammates won the world cup and you went on strike for equal pay. did you think this was a conversation you were still going to be having 20 years later. >> no. this is a conversation when we do have it 20 years later with the current teen i say oh my gosh are we still fighting these same fights. i think that's what it's about. obviously pay equity is on piece of it but the thing that the players that really rated them is little things that are low hanging fruit that they had to fight for even more recently in terms of equal perdeem on a daily basis to the men's deem. as we know this is a deem that's winning, that is making money, that's celebrated inny different ways and has so many positives around it, we ve an opportunity to be bold and bravd here asomething that could be perez didn't setting for the rest of the female at lots. >>ulie foudy, thank you for taking the time out to talk to us. >> myleasure.
>> woodruff: it's been eight days since president trump met with north korean leader kim jong-un in hanoi, the capital of vietnam. earlier this week, two organizations that watch north korea published satellite images of a north korean unch facility, which had been dismaned over the past several months, now being rebuilt.de today, pre trump was asked about whether kim was breaking a promise to shut down the facility. >> our relationship, with north korea, kim jong-un, and myself, chairman kim, i think it remains good. i would be surprised, in a negative way, if he did anything that was not per our b understandin we'll see what happens. >> woodruff: and here now is our nick schifrin, who was in hanoi
last week for the summit. nick, what are the north koreans doing at this facility. >> this is a facility they partially disassembled and now they reeassembling what they disassembled and that includes rebuilding a testing and a railroad. the facility isg onceain operational but let's put it some perspective. when you say a facility for testing, it is nss a mie launch fa actuality. this is lanch satellites. this is not an indication they are going to launch a roket or any kind of tip or icbm a missile that could reac united states. but if they did test another satellite, that would be a voir lation of the sceufort council rhesus- security council resolution and the technology they use for the test site would be the same technology they use in long range missile. that's why u.s. officials areer cod. >> woodruff: there is some concern. fur understanding senior administrative oicials briefed reporters yesterday on a lot of this. what was learned.
>> we bearnically the u.s. approach has shifted in a major way before hanoi and tat relly led the president to try and seek a grand bargain that mostsa expertwas doomed to fail. let's under the shift. i'll take you back to january, steve biegun the top u.s. noarger gave -- negotiator gave a big speech at stanford and they said u.s. is willing to take a step north korea take a step. they are willing to talk about denuclearization but the topics north korea want boto talk ut finding a peace regime on the esnse law and improving relation between the count they were willing to talk about all those things simultaneously. k> you christm day to ourreanoie owa pursuh e allnort the commitments our twoa leadersde in their joint statement in singapore last summer. that was january. let me reayou a statement from a senior state departmenty official froterday. noble in the administration advocates a step by step
approach. in all cases the expectation is a complete denuclearization in north korea as a condition for all the steps being, all the other steps being taken. so every expert wesay we talked en say this is a major shift that led the presto ask for a front loaded grand all of the north korean nuclear weapons. the u.s. went futher and demanded a freeze of chemical and biological weapons. that's not somethingthe u.s. has done before. in hanoi, north korea said look oughon't trust the u.s. en to make this kind of grand bargain. the north koreans put a smaller relatively smaller deal on thet tablt experts we talk to say was meant to be a starting point. but the president did not like that, want that front loaded bargain and walked away rarthe than negotiate. >> woodruff: so a shift. why? >> w don't know for sur but the official i speak to point to two thionngs. john bolten the national
security advisor doesn't believe in a stage approach. according to one administratives official outh korean president who has bee n advocating for the stain approach and instead is listening to prime minister of japan abe who says don't trust north korea. >> woodruff: what's next. >> they believe no bridges were burnednd they hope negotiations continue and they say they under the north korean program, they undershat north korea wants a little better than they did before hanoi. but the question is what is the deal that the u.s. wants next.rt korea says it's open to some kind of stage deal but as long as the u.s. holds out for this grand bargain north korea says it's not interested. it's not car where these negotiations go and the analysts we speak to both pro engbagement anth critical of north korea really fear this moment istw leading to th sides digging in and tensions increase. >> woodrf: it's far apart as far as we can tell judicial as far as we can tell.
k >> woodruff: nichifrin thank you. >> thanks very much. >> woodruff: a vote in the house of representatives to condemn bigotry, broadly; and the 2020 democratic presidential field l comes intotle better focus. just two of the stories shaping our week, and topics foris analy shields and gerson. that's syndicated columnist mark shields, and "washington post" columnist michael gerson. david brooks is away. hello to both of you. so mark, let's talk about this anti-bigotry resolution the house passed yesterday it was originally they were looking talking just aboutanti-y to do something bigger than that, passed overwhelmingly.ke what do you mof this approach by democrats? what were they dealing with here? >> d with the problem within their own caucus which is
the diversity. 's the sphrent o strength of the democrroblem and a problem. it was a challenge for nancy pelosi to deal with it and this ison major coversy that had to be confronted and confrontedi they, albeit in public and sort of difficult and painful fashion. >> woodruff: controvosy michael ofse was a series of statements by the minnesota congressman ilhan omar. the democrats were feeling pressure that they had to say someth wg. initially s going to be accusing or not naming her but it was goingo say anti-semitism is something to be condemned, words to that effect. was it effective for them to do what they finally didr not >> there is an insurgencent wing of the democratic party progressive insurgencent wing savvy with social media very
energetic highly active. those are all good things. they picked exactly the wrong issue in th matter. what we're talking about is an an-semetic trope that was familiar from the middle of the 20th century. because the hall cll holocaust a special cat wrong of wrong anti-semitism is a special category of hate. i think the democrats lost some ground noteing able to say something obvious because of these divisions within the wrong party. it was defeat for speaker pelosi. >> woodruff: lost some ground how. the leadership of the party? >> they wre pushed back on the issue where i think fax nancy pi was clearly right in the way she want to approach this. >> i guess i disagree with michael in this sense. i think there's nost quen that what he says on the holocaust
and the uth of the anti-semitism. i don't think critism of israel policy under the government of benjamin netanyahu, a man who just collaborated with a ract, a racist coalition in order toho on to power while he's indicted under a witch hunt he calls it by a weak attorney general he calls it because he's facing political defeat. i don't think criticism on thath ld be confused with anti-semitism. and there's been a ti die vermingance. jewish american voters have been the most lenoir of democratic voters. they voted four to one in the democrats in 2018 and there's been a resurgence for jewish ills ray lisa. lisa-- i ray lisa. donald trump the most popular leader. american jewish voters do not feel that way about him.
the fact is if we're going to talk about anti-semitism i think you've got to say this administration has been guilty not simply as charged. i mean the closing argent they made in this campaign, judy, was a charge of international moneyy and thut up the images of janet yellom and george soros and donald trump. i'm not in any way defending or rationalizing what i think congresswoman from minnesota ha said rationally but i do think that this has tbelearly the difference between anti-semitism anyahuiticism of the netanyahu t regime. >> when you talk of dual loyalty of citizens that's not criticism of netanyahu and that's what we're talking about here. that's why this could have beern a lear voice an act of the
new democratic house. and instead, i think that message got blunted in a process that the speaker lost. >> i guess, i think the speer did not seek this, right, did not want it and certainly it'sno something the democrats, the democrats had to confront it, there's no question about it. but i mean we're taking about our president, judy. let's be very blunt about, who i whehn a wite supremacist march through the streets said thers good peple on both sides. if you want to see -- >> i wnt to condemn them too. >> woodruff: michael y point is the democrats needed to say something strong. >>n reaction to a specific charge that was made and a specific history. but you know, ithink they di what they could. >> woodruff: let's talk about another move on the part of the democrats this past week.
we've got the majority in the hote, they're reaching o asking for documents from scores of trump administration officials they're ass ng for documeom owe firm in the white house. the president's daughter eye -- yvonne cause, they are trying -- eyivanka. jared kushner. another commite is loing at the tax returns are. the criticism is overreach. is it over reach or is it appropriate. >> i think the breadth of this demand is equal to the breadth of the slime we're seeing. we're seen it at every stage from campaign to transition to ion august rule committee to early whituse. there's plenty of ethical problems to examine in this case. this is a case where the republican congress didn't do its duties in terms of oversight. it left a bunch of things completely unanswered which it should of as a matter of being
itself have examined -- integrity and have examined and usedvery public way. i thionk they brught this on themselves. >> i think michael's right. i think 71r81 is just a daunting number to come up but we've had two years of no oversitoversight, we're ntalking about a crime we're talking about oversight which is congress the laws they pass and how they're executed. we have a secretary of the interior quit, resign under force. we never had ah hearing on tat or what caused it. we can go right through department by department. the department of justice was in a state of chaos. there was no oversight hearing on it and these are legitimate inquiries. agai when you strt calling optioupup sean spicer.
>> woodruff: they' saying you're asking for information when you don't know there's anything there. >> yes, you don't want to do that. i would spare a little sympath to the people involved here. you come in to do things ideal explieklidealistically. >> i think it's true in this case. >> i do think the inquiry into jared kushner's security clearance where the pre overruled the experts and intelligence and the four star neral felt obliged -- >> woodruff: that's th reporting. of course the white house is denying that happened. sticking with the democrats, mark, 20we had one more name, we had john hipnpelooper july in. we h big names say they'r not going to run for president on
the trying side. michael bloomberg former mayor ofewrk, hillary clinton, a lot of people expected she was aing to run but sheid she's not. sharebrsharonwn the senator from ohio. is the democratic field taking shape. we haven't heard from joe biden yet. >> janet hooker of the "los angeles times" said that 192's indesistiveness led to marioo cuing called a hamlet in the hudson. joe biden should be called indecisive on the delaware. he's been agonizing about this for a long time. the moiost important decwith me this weak was with sheri brown. sheri brown, the democrats conveniently fallen into i think the lazy way of thinking that donald trump won with racist itvery convenient and kind votes. of smug and wrong interpretation. there are 206 counties in the united staas, judy, tht voted twice for barack obama and voted
for donald trump. it was white counties who prover they't racist by twice voting for an african american president. and so why did they leave him. sharrod brown won seven back for the democrats in 2018. brown had a genuine authentic appeal to working with men and women and he decided he wasn't going to run. >> woodruff: he's saying he's confident that his democratic party is going to reach out and speak to and listen to people who live in middle america. >> i tldink it wouave been better to have him on the stage talking about these things. t i think the mosportant figure coming out of this election was that donald trump won white catholics by 60% of the vote. while bara obama had wonat group in america. that's a huge swij. someone is going to have to
address in states like pense and michigan. white catholic voters and white working class voters in a way that's compelling. and right now i'm not sure that is. >> woodruff: joe biden is not in the race. we would argue that he is connected to the great mid west. he's from pennsylvania. >> shaod brown in his defense he had an fa rting his entire career in the national rifle association. he was the only democratic on the stage including biden who voted against the united states invasion of the occupation of iraq. >> woodruff: and i ink minnesota amy klobuchar sharp an track would behat space. all right we're going to leave it there. michael gerson, mark shields, thank you. >>
oodruff: amidst all the chaos in the world, we offer a "ton" for your friday evenin jeffrey brown talks to a musician and programmer about how anyone can benefit from a dose of classical music, every day of the year. take a listen. it's part of our ooing arts and culture series, "canvas." ♪ ♪ >> brown: if it's january 3rd, why not try a bit of hildegard of bingen, written in the 12th century? ♪ ♪ march 27th? the overture of a mozart opera. ♪ ♪ or, for november 3rd, a contemporary icelandic musician, olafur arnalds. >> selecting a piece of classical music for every day of
the year. and i hope that it will elicit a year of wonder.st i am ctly wonderstruck by the incredible gift that classical music can be. welcome back. >> brown: clemency burton-hill is an evangelist for what some see as a dying art form: classical music. she's the creative director at wqxr, the classical music, public radio stion serving the new york metropolitan area. and, she's author of the new book, "year of wonder," which she wrote, she says, because too many feel excluded from this music she loves. >> people were saying to me, you know, "i would love to listen to more classical musici'm not sure i'm doing it right," or "i'm not sure how to." >> brown: literally like "i don't know how to listen to it, or where to pick it up?" >> exactly. and i feel that people would say to me things lik "i don't know if i'm listening right." and i would want to just say to
them, "if yore a human being and you have ears and you're responding to that piece of music, that's listening right." ♪ ♪ the difficulty is, i think people don't even get to engage with the music, to know whetherm thht be wonderstruck or not. there are so many barriers to entry around this thing that we rather unhelpfully call classical music. >>rown: barriers to entry, such as? >> well, so many-- how long have you got? there are educational, social, r clasial--me i an, there are so many reasons why people think they're not allowed to engage with this music. >> brown: burton-hill herself came to classical music very early, as a child in london who fell in love with thin. she went on to cambridge and studied at the royal college of music, winning prestigious prizes. she is well known to bbc audiences as a presenter for a variety of programs. and while she is dedicated to her classical roots, she says she grew up loving rock, jazz,
hip hop-- all kinds of music.st >> i'm not sugg that classical music is so superior to other forms of music and th's why more people shoul listen to it. but i am saying, there is a whute sonic world of wonders there. and that's what this book isab alt. it's to say, here are 366 pieces. we'll start small. baby steps. >> brown: yes, 366. "year of wonder" even gives us music for leap year-- ♪ ♪ a piece by the italian opera composer rossini who, it turns out, was born on february 29, 1792. burton-hill includes that kind of biographical detail about the composers, and other brief notes. and, she's created a spotify page so readers listen along. >> i got a nice ssage the other day from someone who was reading along and listening along with the book, and said,oo "i put thenext to my dishwasher, and then every evening as i'm loading the
dishwasher, that's the momen at i do that day's entry from 'year of wonder.' and it's really transforming doing the dishes for man" that's great. y love that. >> brown: you're vncerned to diversify classical music, oen it up in that sense? >> i really wanted to actually, where possib, bring people out of the shadows, bring people out of the fringes and say, you know, there were incredible human beings making this music who don't fit the stereotype of what a classical composer is. >> brown: which means more women. >> more women, more minorities, more people from backgroun that we don't necessarily associate with classical music. so, latin america or africa or india, or places where it's not just all austria and germany, basically. >> brown: so give me aexample of someone that you maybe didn't even know very well, or that you just thought, i nt to include this person, this piece of music. ♪ ♪ >> in terms of the great revelations, there's a contemporary british composer called anna meredith.
leere's a piece in there c "heal you." ♪ ♪ there's an australian composer called elena kats-chernin. she writes a piece called "unsent love letters" that i include in january, that falls on australia day, as it happens. >> brown: but if i come with you on this journey through a year, what are you promising? what do i get? >> well, i hope you'll get something that makes you think and feel, and might your brain chemistry along the way. >> brown: my brain chemistry?'s >> if thot too grand a claim. it sounds absurd, doesn't it? but we know neuro-scientificallc that man have this effect on us. and i think lead very, very enetic and busy and stressful modern lives. ayd actually, music might part in being a sort of sonic salvation. >> brown: in the meantim clemency burton-hill will continue her mission on behalf of classical music over the air-waves.
>> woodruff: finallyr "newshour shares" tonight, to help unravel humanitrst inventions, one scientist smashes, burns and hammers artifacts. t don't worry, they're replicas-- and as science producer nsikan akpan explains, it's the key to experintal archaeology and understandingma ancient hutechnology. >> reporter: on the campus of kent state university, you can literally hearhe future of studying our past. this innovation is being made bi metin eren, ng star in the field of experimental archaeology. >> experimental archaeology is a way of studying ancient technologies by creating really accurate replicas. and because those replicas are worthless, we can throw them, and break them and shoot them, to figure out how they work, and reverse engineer them. >> reporter: the first human technology emerged three million years ago-- and our tech became more and more complex as our ancestors spread across the globe and into north america. >> the clovis point is north america's first invention made by the very first stone age americans about 13,500 years
ago. clovis points are arguably the pinnacle of stone technology. there's nothing that's been made quite like it, either before or y ter. but what's reallunique about clovis points is that they've got these channels, or what ared calutes, that come from the base. >> reporter: an ice age toolmaker would have needed hours to make a clovis point, and metin has found that creating the flutes is delicate work. the point can snap during the crucial last step, and a snapped point meant starvation for a clovis hunter. the reason for the flutes, and their function, was an archological mystery for almost a century. >> it really was experimental archaeology that allowed us to crack the case. clovis people, for all intents and purposes, actually invented shock absorption technologygo 13,500 years these channels actually thinned the point so much that upon impact, the base of the point would crumple, like the front end of a car, protecting the point from breaking in half.
you have a much greater chance of killinghose animals for food, or resources. >> reporter: it's not just artifacts that metin and his students are recreating. m the soune by early stone tools may be important too. >> we made stone tools for three million years. there might be a link there, between the sounds that we're hearing as we make stone tools every day, and the types of language that eventually emerged in the human lineage. these observations that these ancient people made about theird surrgs allowed them to create technologies that are just astounding. and you figure out how they work through experimental archaeology. so really, experimental archaeology is the future of the eld. >> reporter: a future, with echoes of the past. for the pbs newshour, i'm nsikan akpan in kent, ohio. >> woodruff: and it is amazing.
and that is the newshour for tonight. before we go, we want to recognize technician joe buckingh, who is retiring today after more than 36 years. joe, thank you f all your years of service and best wishes for your years ahead! i'm judy woodruff. join us online, and again right here tomorrow evening. for all of us at the pbs newshour, thank you, and have a gat weekend. >> major funding for the pbs newshour has been provided by: >> on a cruise with american cruise lines, you can experience historic destinations along the mississippi river, the columbia river and across the united states. american cruise lines' fleet of small ships explore american landmarks, local cultures and calm waterways. american cruise lines, proud sponsor of pbs newshour. >> bnsf railway. >> consumer cellular.
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. ♪ >> tonight on "kqed newsr oom" the house widens its investigatto president trump while new concerns emerge about north korea's nuclear program. we will talk with a local congressman who plays a k role on both issues. and facebook's about face. mark zuckerberg says the company's core focus will be private communications. t'll discuss that plushe ipo race among some of the bayar ea's biggest tech companies. and feminism meets pop-ups. we will preview an instagram ready art event that sparks selfies and conversations about struggles women face. hello andcome to kqed newsroom, i'm thuy vu. democrats lawmakers including several from the a bayrea are