tv BBC World News America PBS March 11, 2019 2:30pm-3:00pm PDT
[applause] >> a now, "bbc world news." laura: this is "bbc world news america." reporting from washington, i am laura trevelyan. britain's prime minister arrives in strasbourg to meet eu officials as her brexit plan and eaybe her job hang in balance. searching for answers. investigators try to find out nwhy and ethiop airlines plane crashed on sunday, killing everyone on board. plus, lunar photographs old and new. how these images afft our reflect our enduring fascination with the moon.
laa: welcome to our viewers on public television here in america and around the globe. britain's prime minister has been holding last-ditch talks with eu officials in strasburg at this hour as the outlook for her brexit deal is murky. we are hearing that theresa may will make a statement after the discussions. she is trying to win support lan duef a vote on her tomorrow. but we don't really know what lawmakers will be voting o here is what we do know. if m. may's amended brex deal is approved tomorrow, the u.k. will leave the eu on trackn 8 days time. but if parliament rejects her deal for a second time, who s knows where brexitaded? mps will vote on wednesday on whether or not to leave the eual without a if parliament votes against a no-deal brexit, there will be a third vote on thursday where mps will be asked if they want to extend the deadline beyond march 29. that may be up to th eu.
to help us work through all of this, i'm joined by the bbc's gary o'donoghue. is this a make or break moment for theresa may tonight and for her brexit deal? gary: we have said a thousand times before, haven't we, but we are getting to 18 days fm march 29, the official day aibrmeant to leave the european union. what theresa may is looking for in strasbourg tonig some sort of final concession from some sort of rabbit out of the hat that will allow her to persuade parliament to ratify the dealas that she hlready negotiated. be in mind, laura, she lost the vote the first time around in parliament in january by 230 votes. an enormous, in our mr. feet. since then, very little has changed. but tonight everyone i thinking that perhaps some kind of movement that would almew her to get room to maneuver over
the so-called irish backstop, the idea that the irish border between northern ireland, which is part of the u.k., and southern ireland, which is a sovereignnt, the border remains open whatever happens between britain and the eu in terms of its future relationship. laura:et even if shea deal tonight out of the eu, there are nohe guarantees, are, that lawmakers will back it in parliament tomorrow. that will be thing key tomorrow in terms of the way people vote in pliament tomorrow is the advice of the attorney general, the senior law officer inside the british government, fifth in cabinet. before, he has said that the backstop arrangement with the irish border wouldn't allow britain to leave unilaterally. the deal would be in a sense kept inside the backstop arrangement if the deal, future firm deal on arrangement for
trade could be reached. that is a key thing for many mps in parliament, particularly those who are keen o brexit. if he changes that advice tonight,te laura, theresa may announces what she has got from strasbourg and eu ccommission, thld change the dynamic inside parliament. hebut i go back to original point -- she lost by 230ou vote. it have to be a pretty big and solid concession she gets toght back to by her legal officers to change that many minds that quickly. laura: gary o'donoghue, thank you. for the view from westminster, we bring in a political what will you be watching for tonight from theresa may? >> will be watching -- i think everybody here will be watching ubr theance of what she announces what we have the press conference and whatever is published in the afterwards. some of the stuff we are expecting tot hear isn'at
much of a surprise -- talk of these things called statements, essentially both that they don't want this so-called backstop, th thing that is there to stop a hard border with island. they want that to be temporary, they don't want it to be permanent. probably a key statement purely from the paysite on how they see wt -- from the u.k. site on they see i the key here is what legal force it has. can it be forced through in a court of law and the political world as well? could the u.k. get out of is backstop if it wants to? that is the question that all the key players in westminster will be arguing. r torney general, our chief lawyeril here,have to make that judgment. the northern island political s will have to make that judgment. and the very eurosceptic mps here don't really want the u.k. to leave the eu, they will be
asking that question as well. it i legal force, the legal way of what we want your later. there will be a lot of poring aover the details overnig in the morning with a very compressed timescale. we make at the debate and vote just tomorrow. you just heard gary o' 'donoghue sat it would really take an enormous amount to persuade 116 meers of parliament to change their mind. theresa may, she's at the last chance saloon now. she cannot kickrt this r down the road. last onew of the dice, before things have to start fundamentally changing. for example, delayi brexit. t may bankings mars. fact that mps want a orderly brex eventually she will be able to bang heads together ahead of tomorrow's vote? tony: she is relying on a number
of things here. mps do want an orderly brexit ,or to be more specific, they don't want a no-don't brexit, the chaos that might come with a no-don't brexit. that is disputed in some quarters as well. it is not just that. westminster that people want to see the end of this thing. it feels like it has been going on an awful long time. the referendum was in june 2016 k and some people thinit is time to get over this now, time to put this brexit story today. andink a mixture of fear resignation and a willingness and desire at westminster to move on to other things -- talking about hospitals and scols and all the other really important things in the country, that is what i think will be the hope tomorrow -- tonight and tomorrow. there is a lot of mps who i've spoken to who say it is just too important if you don't really
believe in it. she will have to sway them tonight, tomorrow, in the commons, those keylayers, the northern ireland parties and the mps thatit-supporting this is woaph the stamp of oval. laura: just briefly, what are the britishf people makingl of this? for weepends you you a are constantly asking that question here. if you were to ask most people, i think they would say, if you were to phrase the question in this way, they would say, "i'ven had enough of , i just want to get over this, i want brexit to be finished, i am bored of it." but if you phrase the question in another way, what sort of brexit do you want what should our future relationship with the european union look like, do you lieve in a trade barriers, people get a lot more animated, and their desire to get over the hill at all costs seem to fade. need is a desperate
to get this thing done. that is what people want. t what so, so difficult. the other thing thbritish peop feel is a frustration with members of parliament here westminster. a few like they could have sorted this out, they could have at least made aupetter deal a years ago when the negotiations started, but they didn't. that is the real worry'that if we 't get brexit, or the diong sort of brexit, or things go in a number oerent directions that may be people aren't happy about, it will damage trust in politics. that is what worries mps. if there is no brexit, if members of parliament don't follow through -- laura: tony. to: will it undermine trust in british politics? laura: that is the question. thank you so much for joining us. investigators have found the ack box reporters from the
ethiopian airlines jet that crashed minutes after takeoff, killing all 157 people on board. they are trying to figure out why the 737 max 8 plane went down. it is the second fatalthrash involvin plane. last year a lion air jet crashed into the java sea. from ethiopia, this report. reporter: it is a slow, delicate process of recovering pieces of the plane that might offer clues onhy the flight went down. more remains of those who died have been recovered from the rubble, as rescue efforts enter the second day. the main focus for the investigators has been the huge crater that was made when the plane hit the ground. through the day we have seen ulthem pl out debris, including this mangled wreck here. we have seen them retrieve the black boxes, which will help the investigation on finding out what happened. rethe passengers on board from different countries.
35 nine we british. among them, one who had dual british and kenyan citizenship. also, an expert heading to a u.n. conference in nairobi, and an animal rights campaigner who was going to the samt. >> i'm very proud of what she achieved. it is just tragic that she couldn't carry on to further her career andchieve more. reporter: this morning the u.n. conference began with a minute of silence in memory of the victims. 19 un staff were among those killed. it is the second time this type of aircraft has crashed in five months. in october, an indonesian airlines plane crashed after takeoff, killing all 189 people on board. today china and indonesia alongn ethiop airlines grounded their flights of the 737 max 8. recovery efforts are coming to
an end, but investigations of what happened to the flight will continue for months. shlaura: for more on the c spoke earlier with a former managing director of the natial transportation safety board who is now at o'neill and associates. some aviation experts are saying tonight that all of these boei 737 max 8 jets should be grounded. would you go that otr? >> i wouldt this point. we need more information before that judgment is made. but i think if there isn'tlo information ded in the next 36 to 48 hours, pressuree willo great and they may have to ground the fleet.ac laura: thethat we have had two crashes of this very new jet within months of one another -- how significant do you think it afis that they both crasher takeoff?
per: that is the significa point, that these were both in the same flight regime taking off when they ran into problems. the question is, were the flight crews apprriately trained? d boeing give them the information to confront the challenges that they obviously were facing? with lion air, we still don't know the answer to that. the indonesians have not released enough information to make a judgment. they are still working on it. ethiopiane airlines and government of ethiopia are first rate in terms of the air carrier and air carrier regulations. i think they will be quicker. laura: for the traveling public, many of whom are using this plane,e have ethiopia and china grounding it. the u.s. and the europeans not yet taking a decision. that is confusing, isn't it? peter: well, it is. i thk china pulled the plug to quickly. it is understandable that
ethiopian airways would want to suspend for a while. but i think if there is not investigative progress made in the next two days, the pressure will be too great not to ground these flights. laura: planes are very hvily automated these days, aren't they. how much of a problem can that be if there is a situation where there is a software glitch on -- h and the pilot to override a computer error, essentially? peter: the whole issue of automation is particularlyg challeng air carriers today and the pilots, because as aspilot you are really not flying the aircrafuch as you used to. the sophistication of the flight management systems is at that many pilots don't really unrstand what they are doi when they are stepping back. if the system says we are backing down one level, what does that me?
what processes arehut down, what are not? we have seen that the air france accident some years ago in the south atlantic, we have seen it in some other accints, where flight crews have not understood the sophistication of the flight management systems. laura: thank you very much for joining us. peter: thank you. laura:ar in other news from ound algerian president abdelaziz bouteflika is no longer seeking a fifth term in office following widespread protest. elections have also been postponed. tthe 82-year-old returnedo the capital, algiers, on sunday after receiving medical treatment in switzerland. scientists have identified a new dinosaur in southeastern australia. it is thought that it was alive wo125 million years ago and have been the same height as a wallaby. it was given its name because it s jaw resembles an upturned
galleon ship. you are watching "bbc world news america." still to come on tonight's program, an amazing view of the moon. s for decadeientists have been gathering images, and now a new exhibit celebrates them. russians have been protesting in moscow and two oth cities against lines to give the o kremlin the capacityolate the country's internet service from the rest of the world. activists say that 50,000 people took par double the police estimate. reporter: this is all about freedom. last month, russian lawmakers backed plans to stop internet traffic from being rooted on foreign service. the government says it is improve russian cyber security. protesters say this latest attempt to control online coent with the country on
track to be completely isolated from the rest of the wld. they say it would put them on paritnorth korea and that it is an attempt to increase censorship and stifle dissent. in russia, lots of people use the messaging app called telegram that lets users send encrypted messages to each other. but it can be shutdown if the bill goes through. the app urges usersns to rally agthe bill, saying it will result in total csorship. >> anonymity is being liquidated in russia. authorities pass laws that put people in jail for no reason. reporter: this bill would give increasing power to th russian hasrnet watchdog, which already threatened action against facebook and twitter and finedooe for failing to blacklist sites. were detained at
scow rally. this man was dragged away by officers. authorities have not confirmed any arrests. f the second readinge bill as planned later this month. if it is passedthit will go to e upper house of the parliament and then for final signing by president putin. laura: just weeks after the longest u.s. governmenshutdown in history, the trump administration has unveiled a spending plan for 2020. the $4.7 billion budgetls c for a 4% hike in defense spending and cuts the budget for the state department by 23% and the environmental protection agency by arly one third. st contentious of all, president trump is seeking $8.6 billion for border wall with mexico, the very issue that led to the shutdown.r earlwas joined by a
political reporter at "usa today."de is the pre going to get his border wall this time? >> he's not. i assume he is not. the president's budget has a long-standing tradition of b ignored in congress. the president sends it over no matter what party and congress does what they want. but this time it is noteworthy that he is asking for so much money on the wall because we saw last time that he is willing to really go to bat for this. he shutdown the government last time over his wall request. laura: meanwhile, the president has declared a nationaha emergency sohe can build that wall. what is the status of that? how does it play to all this eliza: we are watching how that will work out for the presidento ress allocated $1.7 billion for the wall, lower than the $5.7 billion he asked for. so he declared a national the house has passed a resolution that would basically terminate the national emergency. it will come up in the senate
this week and is expected to pass. the president will have to veto that. we are dealing with that right now, and then on top of that the president is making a giant request for money. laura: but is it all politics ahead of 20? the president wants to show his voters that he will get that wall built. eliza: i think so, and the president's budget is always politics. ne theirere they out priorities and where they think the money should go to and where there should be cuts. pretty nonbinding because congress normally does notno ally follow through on anything. it is a way that the president can outline he is asking for that wall money. laura: meanwhile, on matters concerning the president, nancy pelosi, who is the speaker of the house, she is saying that she is not for impeachment, that the president is not worth it. why does she feel she has to lay down a marker on this now? eliza: this is interesting. this is the farthest pelosi has gone. she says she wants to wait until the mueller repoe comes out, vestigation on the president and contacts with
russia, until deciding on impeachment. the fact that she is saying the president is not worth it, that is a bigeal. i think she is sending out a single to unify her caucus on signal to unify her caucus on this. we are saying they do think the president should be impeached, and some of the more moderate wing is saying, hold up, let's wait. petsi might be taking the h for everybody.a: laresumably she, too, is looking ahead to 2020. democrats hope to retake the white house. she does not think that impeachment is a winssng political e. eliza: she said that it is very ha through. country to go we saw with the bill clinton impeachment in the 1990's that he came out more popular. thmocrats want to be careful about overplaying r hands. laura: completely fascinating. but meanwhile, the lank has said they want to start proceedings. eliza: yes, and they have introduce articles of peachment that have gone nowhere. basically, pelosi has done a
good job keeping everyone contained and waiting for the report to come out. but it looks like the report will come out soon. the questi i keep asking democrats is what happens when the mueller report comes out? laura: that mueller report there. thank you so much for joining us. isummer will mark 50 years since neil armstrong bece the first person to walk on the moon. the hudson river museum in new york is looking at how the moon was captured in photographs. the bbc went for a visit. >> photography has always been something where you are trying to capture a single individual moment. tphotography was, for oneng, indispensable in planning missions to the moon. we havto make sure that we knew what the surface was like, we have to make sure we knew heere we could land, we had to make sure that wthey landed
they were not in a place that might have been in shadows, so it would be too cold or too hot. >> the eagle has landed. was a mission to omething at the moon and see if they could strike the surface, if they could navigate that accurately. it took the images as it was heading in. you can see itclet closer and er and closer and closer. that is the last image it ioreturned before the mito the service. this exhibit is called "a century of lunar photography and beyond," because these are more than a century old. these were taken by the specialized telescope at the paris observatory. wthese are standard survee they would take this image, take another one a few months or a few years later, to see if anything had changed. i just love the texture of these. they are really, really beautiful prin. some of the images that we have
in the gallery are not just images of the moon. they are images of the earth and the moon. it is interesting that we have this really strong desire to look back and record images of our own world. one of the things which happenee when w to the moon, the astronauts said, is that they basically discovered the earth ar stepping outside of the earth and seeing it fromnough away that you could block it out with less than the palm of your hand. hethat allowed them to see earth as a strong, fragile, unique object surrounded by basically infinite, deadly nothingness. this is very close to what they saw looking through their visor. the idea that we can explore a place where no han being had ever been and we could bring back images and feel as if you are there, that is sort of a revolutionary idea.
laura: marc taylor on the moon.l i ra trevelyan. thank you so much for watching "bbc world news america." >> with the bbc news app, our vertical videos are designed to work around your lifestyle, so you can swipe your way through aye news of the day and st up-to-date with the latest headlines you can trust. downad now from selected app stores. >> fundingf this presentation is made possible by the freeman fountion, and kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. >> what are you doing?os >>sibilities. your day is filled with them. >> tv, play "downton abbey." >> and pbs helps everyoneir discover
captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening, i'm judy woodruff. on the newshour tonight, a boeing 737 crashes in ethiopia. it's the second in under a year for the jetliner, raising concerns over the safety of the airplane., thesident trump unveils his 2020 budget, including an waditional $8.6 billion for a southern border . we talk with mr. trump's top economic advisor. plus, we are on the at the u.s. southern border, with h report oconditions that migrants face and the strained resources of border patrol. >> we can't arrest our way out of the problem. that's not going to solve the problem. and this is not a border patrol solve. this is, this comes from legislation, updated l >> woodruff: all that and more