tv BBC World News America PBS March 11, 2019 5:30pm-6:01pm PDT
♪ [appuse] >> and now, "bbc world news." laura: this is "bbc world news america." reporting from washington, i am laura trevelyan. britain's prime minister arrives in strasbourg to meet eu officials as her brexit plan nd maybe her job hang in the balance. searching for answers. investigatorsut try to find o why and ethiopian airlines plane licrashed on sunday, k everyone on board. plus, lunar photographs old and new. how these images affect our thateflect -- how these images reflect our enduring fascination with the moon.
laura: welcome to our viewevs on public tion here in america and around the globe. britain's prime minist has been holding last-ditch talks with eu officials in strasburg at this hour as the outlook for her brexit deal is murky. we are hearing that theresa may will make a statement after the discussions. she is trying to win sport ahead of a vote on her plan due tomorrow. but we don't really know what lawmakers will be voting on. where is whdo know. if mrs. may's amended brexit deal is approved tomorrow, the w u.l leave the eu on track in 18 days time. but if parliament rejects her deal for a second time, who knows where brexit is headed? mps will vote on wednesday on whether or not to leave the eu s thout a deal. if parliament voainst a no-deal brexit, there will be a third vote on thursdre mps will be asked if they want to extend the deadline beyond march 29.
that may be up to the eu. to help us work through all of this, i'm joined by the bbc's gary o'donoghue. is this a make or break moment for theresa may tonight and for her brexit deal? gary: we have said a thousand times before, haven't we, but we are getting to 18 days from march 29, the official day britain meant to leave the euroan union. what theresa may is looking for in strasbourg tonight some sort of final concession from some sort of rabbit out of the hat pthat will allow her suade parliament to ratify the dl that she has already negotiated. bear in mi , laura, she lost the vote th first time around in parliament in january by 230 votes. an enormous, in our mr. feet. since then, very little has changed. but tonight everyone is thinking that perhaps se kind of movement that would allow her to
get some room to maneuver over the so-called irish backstop, the idea that the irish border between northern ireland, which is pt of the u.k., and southern ireland, which is a soveren country, the border remains open whatever happens between britain and the eu in terms of its future relationship. laura: even if she gets a deal tonight out of the eu, there are no guarantees, are there, that lawmakers williaack it in pant tomorrow. that will be thing key tomorrow in terms of the way people vote in parliament tomorr attorney general, the senior law officer insi the british government, fifth in cabinet. before, he has said that the backstop arrangement with the irish border wouldn't allow britain to leave unilaterally. the deal would be in a sense kept inside the backstop arrangement if the deal, future firm deal on arrangement for
trade could be reached. that is a keyng for many mps in parliament, particuarrly those whkeen on brexit. if he changes that advice tonight, laura, after theresa may announces what she has got strasbourg and eu commission, that could change the dynamic inside parliament. but i go back to the original point -- she lost by 230 votes. it would have to be a pretty big and solid conceion she gets tonight back to by her legal officers to change that many minds that qckly. laura: gary o'donoghue, thank you. for the view from westminster, we bring in a political correspondent. what will you be watching for tonight from theresa may? >> will be wching -- i think everybody here will be watching for the substance of what she ceanno what we have the press conference andishatever is pud in the afterwards. some of the stuff we are expecting to hear isn't that
much of a surprise -- talk of these things called interpretive statements, essentially both sides saying that they don't want thiso-called backstop, this thing that is thereo stop a hard border with island. they want that to be temporary,a they don' it to be permanent. probably a keytatement purely from the paysite on how they see it -- from the u.k. site on how they see it. the key here is what l.al force it h can it be forced through in a court of law and the political world as well? could the u.k. get out of this backstop if it wants to? is the question that all the key players ll westminster e arguing. our attorney general, our chief lawyer here, will have to make that judgment. d the northern isllitical parties will have to make that judgment. and the very eurosceptic mps hereth don't really wanu.k.
to leave the eu, they wt l be asking testion as well. it is not clear what is the legal force, the legal way of what we want your later. there will be a lot of poring over the details overnight and in the morning with a very we make at the debate and vote just tomorrow. you just heard gary o'donoghue said that it would really take an enormous amount to persuade 116 members of pliament to change their mind. theresa may she's at the last chance saloon now. she cannot kick this further down the road. last onew of the dice, before things have to start fundamentally changing. for example, delaying brexit. may bankings mars. on the fact that mps want an orderly brexit and eventually she wille able to bang heads together ahead of tomorrow's vote?
tony: she is relying on aumber of things here. mps do want an orderly brexit ,or to be more specific, they don't want a no-don't brexit, the chaos that might come with a no-don't brexit. that is disputedn me quarters as well. it is not just that. there was a feeling in nswestr that people want to see the endng of this t it feels like it has been going on an awful longth time. referendum was in june 2016 and some people think it is time to get over this now, time to put this brexit story today. andink a mixture ofear resignation and a willingness and des move on to other things -- talking about hospitals and schools and all the other reay wportant things in the country, that is what i thil be the hope tomorrow -- tonight and tomorrow. there is a lot of mps who i've spoken to who say it is just too
important if you don't really believe in it. she will have to swayhem tonight, tomorrow, in the commons, those key players, the northern ireland parties and the mps thatexit-ting this is worth the stamp of approval. laura: just briefly, what are the british people making of all of this? for weepends you you ask are constantly asking that question here. if you were to ask most people, i think they would say, ra you were to the question in this way, they would say, "i've had enough of it now, i just want to get over this, i want brexit to be finished, i am bored of it." but if you phrase the erestion in ano way, what sort of brexit do you want what should our future relationship with the european union look like, do you believe in a trade barriers, people get a lotore animated, and their desire to get over the hill at all costs seem to fade.
er is a desperateee to get this thing done. that is what people want. what it is so, so difficult. the other thing the british people feel is a frustration with members of parliament here in westminster. a few like they could have out, they could have at least me a better deal a couple years ago when the negotiations started, but they didn't. that is the re worry, that if we don't get brexit, or the wrong sort of brexit, or things go in a number of different directions that mabe people aren't happy about, it will damage trust in politics. that is what worries mps if there is no brexit, if members of parli dent't follow through -- laura: tony. tony: will it undermine trust in british politics? laura:is thahe question. thank you so much for joining us. s investigatve found the black box reporters from the
ethiopian airlines jet that ashed minutes after takeoff, people on board. they are trying to figure out why the 737 max 8 plane went down. it is the second fatal crash involving that plane. last year a lion air jet crashed into the java sea. from ethiopia, this report. reporter: it is a slow, delicate process of recovering pieces of the plane that might offer clues on why the flight went down. more remains of those who died have been recovered from the rubble, as rescue efforts enter the second day. the main focus for the investigators s been the huge crater that was made when the plane hit the ground. through the day we have seen them pull out debris, including this h mangled wrecke. we have seen them retrieve the black boxes, which will help the investigion on finding out what happened. the passengers on board were
rifrom different cou. 35 nine were british. among them, one who had dual shbritish and kenyan citiz. also, an expert heading to a u.n. conference in nairobi, and an animal ghts campaigner who was going to the same event. >> i'm very proud of what she achieved. it is just tragic that she couldn't carry on to further her career and achieve more. reporter: this morning the u.n. conference began with a minute of silence in memory of the victims. af19 un stwere among those killed. it is the second time this type of aircraft has crashed in five months. in october, an indonesian airlines plane crashed after plkeoff, killing all 189 p on board. today china and indonesia along ethiopian airlines grounded their flights of the 737 max 8. recovery efforts are coming to
an end, but investigations of what happened to the flight will continue for months. laura: for more on the crash i spoke earlier with a former managing director of the national transportation safety board who is now at o'neill and associates. some aviation experts are saying nit that all of these boeing 737 max 8 jets should be grounded. would you go that far? >> i would not at this point. we need more information before that judgment is made. but i think if there isn't information developed in the next 36 to 48 hours, pressure will be too great and they mayou have to the fleet. laura: the fact that we have had two crashes of this very new jet within months of one another -- how significant do ynk it is that they both crashed after takef?
peter: that is the significant point, tt these were both in the same flight regime taking off when they ran into problems. the question is, were the flight crews appropriately trained? did boeing give them the information to confront the challenges that they obviously were facing? with lion air, we still know the answer to that. the indonesians have not released enough information to make a judgment. they are still working on it. ethiopian airlines and thent governf ethiopia are first rate in terms of the air carrier and air carrier regulations. i think they will be quicker. laura: for the traveling public, many of whom are using this plane, we have ethiopia and china grounding it. the u.s. and the europeans not yet taking a decision. thit is confusing, isn' peter: well, it is. i think china pulled the plug to quickly.
it is understandable that ethiopian airways would want to suspend for a while. but i think if there is not investigative progness made in th two days, the pressure will be too great not to ground these flights. laura: planes are very heavily automated these days, aren't they. how much of a problem can that be if there is a situation wher th a software glitch on -- and the pilot has to overridr a computrror, essentially? peter: the whole issue ofpa automationicularly challenging to air carriers today and the pilots, because as a pilot you are really not flying the aircraft as much as you used to. the sophistication of the flight management systems is so great that many pilots don't really understand what they are doing when they are stepping back. if the system says we are backing down one level, what does that mean?
what processes are shut down, what are not? we have seen that the air france accident some years ago in the seen ittlantic, we hav in some other accidents, where flight crews have not understood the sophistication of the flight management systems. laura: thank you very much for joining us. peter: thank you. laura: in other news from around algerian presidents abdelaziz boutefno longer seeking a fifth term in office following widespread protest. elections have also been postponed. the 82-year-old returned to the capital, algiers, on sunday after receiving medical treatment in switzerland. nientists have identified dinosaur in southeastern australia. it is thought that it was alive 125 million years ago and would have been the same height as a wallaby. it was given its name because it s jaw resembles an upturned
galleon ship. you are watching "bbc world news america." l st come on tonight's program,g an amazew of the moon. for decades scientists have been gaering images, and now a new exhibit celebrates them. russians have betesting in moscow and two other cities against lines to give the kremlin the capacity to isolate the country's internet service from the rest of the world. acvists say that 50,000 people took part, double the police estimate. reporter: this is all aut freedom. last month, russian lawmakers backed plans to stop internet traffic from being rooted on foreign service. e government says it is to improve russian cyber security. protesters say this latest attempt to control online
content with the country on track to be completely isolated from the resof the world. they say it would put them on par with north korea and that it is an attempt to increase acensorsh stifle dissent. in p russia, lots ofeople use the messaging app called telegram that lets users send encrypted messages to each other. but it can be shutdown if the billoes through. the app urges users to rally against the bill, saying it will result in tol censorship. >> anonymity is ining liquidated russia. authorities pass laws that put people in jail for no reason. reporter: this bill would give increasing power to the russian hasrnet watchdog, ich already threatened action against facebook and twitter and fined google for failing to blacklist sites. were detained at
the moscow rally. edthis man was dra away by officers. authorities have not confirmed any arrests. the second reading of the bill as planned later this month. if it is psed, it will go to the upper house of the parliament and then for final siing by president putin. laura: just weeks after the longest u.s. government shutdown in history, the trump administration has unveiled a spending planor020. the $4.7 billion budget calls for a 4% hike in defenseen ng and cuts the budget for the state department by 23% and the environmental protection agency by nearly one third. most contentious of all,en prestrump is seeking $8.6 billion for border wall with mexico, the very issue that led to the shutdown.
earlier i was joined by a litical reporter at "usa today." is the president going to get his border wall this >> he's not. i assume he is not. the president's budget has a long-standing tradition of being ignoree in congress. esident sends it over no matter what party and congress does what they want. but this time it is noteworthy that he is asking y r so much mo the wall because we saw last time that he is willing to really go to bat for this. he shutdown the government last time over his wall request. laura: meanwhile, the pr has declared a national emergency so that he can build that wall. what is the status of that? w does it play to all this? eliza: we are watching how thatr willout for the president. congress allocated $1.7 billion for the wall, lower than the $5.7 billion he asked for. so he declared a national emergency. d e house has passed a resolution that wosically terminate the national emergency. it will come up in the senate
tothis week and is expecte pass. the president will have to veto that w we are dealih that right now, and then on top of that the president is making a giant request fomoney. laura: but is it all politics ahead of 2020? the president was to show his voters that he will get that wall built. thea: i think so, a president's budget is always politics. it is where they outline their priorities and where they thk the money should go to and where there should be cuts. pretty nonbinding because congress normally does not normally follow through on anything. it is a way that the presidentin can ouhe is asking for that wall money. laura: mnwhile, on matters concerning the president, nancy pelosi, who is the speaker of the house, she is saying orat she is notmpeachment, that the president is not worth it. why does she feel she has to lay down a marker on this right now? eliza: this is interesting. is is the farthest pelosi has gone. she says she wants to wait until the mueller report comes out, the investigation on the
president and contacts with russia,ntil deciding on impeachment. the fact that she is saying the president is not worth it, that is a big deal. ink the is sending out a single to unify her caucus on -- signal to unify her caucus on this. we are seeing progressives saying they do think thepr ident should be impeached, and some of the more moderate wing is saying, hold up, let's wait. pelosi might be taking the heat for everybody. laura: presumably she, too, is looking ahead to 2020. tdemocrats hope to reta white house. she does not think that impeachment is a winning political message. eliza: she said that it is very hard for the country to go through. we saw with the billon impeachment in the 1990's that he came out more popular. democrats want to be careful about overplaying their hands. laura: completely fascg. but meanwhile, the left flank has said they want to start proceedings. eliza: yes, and they have introduce articles of impeachment that have gone nowhere.
basically, pelosi has done a good j keeping everyone contained and waiting for the report to me out. but it looks like the report will come out soon. the question i keep asking democrats is what happens wh the mueller report comes out? laura: that mueller report thane. you so much for joining us. this summer will mark years since neil armstrong became the firstk person to w the moon. the hudson river museum in new york is looking at how the moon was captured in photographs. the bbc went for a visit. >> photography has always beenyo something wherare trying to capture a single individual moment. photography was, for one thing, indispensable in planning missions to the moon. we have to make sure that we knew what the surface was like, we have to makersure we knew we could land, we had to
make sure that when they landed they were not in a place that might have been in shadows, so it would be too co or too hot. >> the eagle has landed. was aon tois launch something at the moon and see if they could strike the surface, if they could navigate that accurately. it took the images as it was heading in. you can see it get closer and closer and closer and closer. that is the last image it returned before the mission to the service. this exhibit is call century of lunar photography and beyond," because these are more than a century old. these were taken by the specialized telescope paris observatory. these are standard surveys were they would take this image, take anotheone a few months or a few years later, to see if anything had changed. i just love the texture of these. they are really, really beautiful prints.
some of the images that we have in the gallery are not just heages of the moon. they are images ofarth and the moon. it is interesting that we ha is really strong desire to look back and record images ofow ouworld. t one of tngs which happened when we went to the moon, the astronauts said, is that theyer basically disc the earth by stepping outside of the earth and seeing it from far enough away that you could it out with less than the palm of your hand. that allowed them to see the earth as a strong, fragile, unique object surrounded by basically infinite, deadly nothingns. this is very close to what they saw looking thugh their visor. the idea that we can explore a place where no human being had ever been and we cou bring back images and feel as ifou are there, that is sort of a revolutionary idea.
laura: marc taylor on the moon. i am laura trevelyan. thank you so much for watching "bbc world news america." ws >> with the app, our vertical videos are designed to lework around your lifestyso you can swipe your way through the news of the day and stay up-to-date with the latest headnes you can trust. download now from selected app stores. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, and kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. what are you doing? >> possibilities. i yours filled with them. ve tv, play "downton abbey." >> and pbs helpsryone
captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening, i'm judy woodruff.sh on the nr tonight, a boeing 737 crashes in ethiopia. it's the second in under a year for the jecoiner, raising erns over the safety of the airplane. sen, president trump unve his 2020 budget, including an additional $8.6 billion for a southern bder wall. we talk with mr. trump's top economic advisor. plus, we are on the ound at the u.s. southern bowith a report on the conditions that migrants face and the strained resources oforder patrol. >> we can't arrest our way out of the problem. that's not going to solve the problem. and this is not a border patrol solve. this is, this comes from legislation, updatedaws. >> woodruff: all that and more on tonight's pbs newshour.