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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  March 20, 2019 2:30pm-3:01pm PDT

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♪ >> this is "bbc world news america." funding of this presentation isl made posby the freeman foundation,at and kovler foun, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. >> possibilies. your day is filled with them. and pbs helps everyone discover theirs.
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anytime, anywhere. pbs. we are with you for life. >> sense now, "bbc world news." laura: this is bbc world news america. in e rmoil again. ime minister asks for a delay. the eu says it is possible if parliament votes for the deal. she has this messa. for the publ >> we asked you the question already and you gave us your answer. now, you want us to get on with it. that is what i am determined to do. laura: rescue workers struggle to find survivors after cyclone idai ravages africa. much-needed aid is trickling i
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plus, what rings you joy? we will bring you the science behind thein smiles on rnational happiness day. welcome to "world news america." more chaos and confusion over brexit with nine days until britain due to leave the eu. the prime minister asked for a short delay to brexit until the end of june. top eu officials say that is possible but only mps are may'sg to accept mrs. brexit deal. moments ago, mrs. may spoke, -- >> we will not leave on time with a deal on the 29th of march. this delay is a matter of great personal regret for me.
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and of this, i am absolutely sure you come of the public, have had enough. for the latest, i spoke to our parliament correspondent. mrs. may wants to delay brexit until the end of june. ll she get her way? >> that is the key question. what happens immediately now is theresa may hops on a flight and goes to brussels wherehe talks to other eu leaders. the crucial thing is, theresa may saying we want an extension but every other one of the eu countries has to agree. 27 other leaders have to agree there can be an extension and it can be until june 30. that is not simp because some think there should be a shorter extension because we run intoe the is elections for the european parliament that come up in may and june.
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laura: mrs. may is cross with mps. is there a chance they would back her brexit deal if it was put to them for a third time? >> theres some suggestion the deal could be put to mps for a third time at the beginning of next week. at that looked to be off the one point table because the speaker of the house of commons said you can't, under law dating back to 1604, can't put something to the commons if they the sameady voted on things o this deal would be going back unchanged so they said you couldn't do it. theresa may thinks she can find a way arnd that. the suggestion is she will put her deal back to mps one last time and she is hoping she is going to be able to ramp up pressure.s the o don't want the long extension will fall in lind behind herote for her deal. laura: how confusing is this for the general public, who think
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britain will finally leave the eu at the end of next week? >> massively confusing. e interesting thing abou theresa may's statement is that this iher making a direct appeal to the public. she is going over the heads of mps so what u will see on tv news in the u.k. this evening is not a clip froprime minister's questions, which was maelstrom , a noisy, rowdy, hideous session with everyone shousang at theay to resign. that is not what you will see. you will see theresa may saying "i understand, you don't want ta taut this. we understand you want to talk about schools, hospitals. you are fed up with talking about brexit. we promised we would leave on i h't been able to do that n'rch 29. because the other mps won't let me do it your co--- do it here cap -- that is the appeal she is making, saying to the public, i am thene who wants to get this
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done. laura: thank you so much for decoding that from westminster. the storm may have passed but the suffering osntinues for hit by cyclone idai in southeast africa. hundreds were killth and sands left homeless as the storm swept through three countries. heavy rains made rescue attempts difficult and food supplies are just starting to woarrive at tht affected areas. our correspondent reports from a town in zimbabwe close to the mozambique border. >> the water stretches for miles in every direction. the bbc saw hundreds of people trapped in a stadium awaiting food and fresh water. aid for cycloneururvivors is g in and leaving as fast as it comes. authorities say thneed is overwhelming and it is mainly for thbasics. but it is noonly the aid
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agencies that are working around the clock. in the midst of tragedy, a heartwarming element. ordinary people in the midst of givingomic crisis a the food in their pantry and clothes off their backs to survivors. a nation lining up to help in an unprecd community effort. but most supplies remain stuck on the wrong side of the disaster. access remains a challenge. zimbabwe's military is trying to reste road network so help can reach those who remain isolated. >> we are concerned about lives more than the infrastructure. we are concernedbout getting to help the communities individuals. we are working on assessing so
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we can help. in malawi, large areas of central and southern regions are still unater. th0,000 people displaced. the u.n. is warninis may prove to be the worst weather-related disast ever in the southern hemisphere. utsome made it to safety bor the majority who remain out of reach, time is running out. laura: so ch suffering in the wake of the cyclone. president- a former bosnian serb leader will spend thees of his life in jail after a court rejected his appeal and increasednc his sen he was found guilty of genocide and war crimes, including an massacre, the worst atrocity in europe since world war ii.
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the judge ruled his sentence was too light. theuropean commission fined google 1.7 million u.s. dollars for blogging addressed theivals. concerns but promises to make additional changes. the parliament in cad -- in kakhstan voted to change t name of the capital astana to nursultan to honor its outgoing leader. the move was proposed by the new president. the outgoing leader resigned on resday but is expected to carry on playing a leadie in politics. io helped donald trump to victory and he was back there today as t he looks ahead 2020 campaign. the impact of his trade policy on the state are clouding his narrative, as are the continued attacks on john mccain who t clashed with mmp on issues from russia to health care.
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this is mr. trump in ohio earlier. >> i endorsed him at his request, and i gave him the kind of funeral that he wanted, which as psident i had to approve. i don't care about this. i didn't get a thank you. that is ok. we sent him on the way but i wasn'a fan of john mccain. now, we are all set. i don't think i have to answer that question but the press keeps, what do you think of mccain? not my kind of guy. but some people like him and i think that is great. laura: that follows an earlier attack by trump on the husband of his advisor kellyanne conwayw mr. has been critical of trump on twitter. for more, i spokeith a congressional reporter for the wall street journal. how much concern are the president's attack of john mccain causing an rean ranks? >> republicans are not in
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-- are week, but we have seen a fairly subdued response. we haven't seen a vociferous defense of senator mccain, who was beloved on capitol hill, although senator johy isakson was more full throated today. part of that may be because the senate pushed back on the president last week. ey had two major votes that were seen as rebukes of the white house, one on the saudiwa lein yemen and the second on the resolution to disapprove ofy his national emergeere we saw 12 republicans vote with democrats. that forced his first veto. there may be hesitation to go too far. republicans tend to feel uncomfortable breaking with the president because the base supports him so much. you may see people nting to go out on a limb. laura: what does the president have to gain politically from intensifying his feud with the lateenator mccain? >> good question. i know sator mccain was controversial in arizona.
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there were conservative republicans o wanted to see him align with the president more. they sometimes broke on issues ranging from immigtion, russia, waterboarding, and the health care vote provoked criticism among republicans for g the gop effortl to repd replace the aca. it may be that he is trying to win points with the base but senator mccain is not here to defend himself so not sure how i effective th laura: the president is feuding with the husband of his advisor. this, as he goes to the state that helped propel him to victory in 2016. does he risk stepping on his strong political message of the economy th these fights? >> sure. the president showed time and time again he can come off a legislative victory and cloud the narrative by diving into another figh this happened when he passed criminal justi reform, then immediately the government went into shut down. we see this pattern ofn in
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which he has something positive to talk about but that is not what he tweets about. laura: are you sensing concern about the impact of his trade policy on crucial states like ohio?>> bsolutely. this is an issue senateic repus feel comfortable speaking out against,ly particuln the midwest. the tariffs have had a large impact on the agriculture sector und you definitely see concern that this could beive. laura: do you see the president headed towards 2020 already? absolutely. athink it is clear when he tweets late at nigut the electoral college it is clear this is on his mind. laura: thanks for joining us. you are watching "bbc world news new zealand's prime miagainst extremism. victims of the mosque attacks are laid to rest.
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there is new evidence that people who smoke strong cannabis are at risk of suffering serious mental illness. researchers believe strong forabis and be harmful young, developing brains. our health correspondent reports. be illegal iny britain but it is increasingly out in the open. this annual festival in on, billed as being for consumers, enthusiasts and those campaigning for the drug to be legal, has already happened in other countries. the risks involved in smoking strong forms of cannabis are of increasing concern. rtularly as those types of drug are becoming prevalent. ind london amsterdam, they dominate the market. research published today in a medical journal says people using cannabis on a daily basis
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e three times more likely to have an episode of psychosis than those who never used it. this increases to five times more likely who the -- for those using high strength cannabis like skunkvery day. people using potent forms of described theghsychosis as fning and debilitating. , and throughy flat the floor or the ceiling, the people above, everyone was talking about me. delusions ofraeur, very paranoid, scared to leave my flat. the repythors oft the risks are particularly high for the young. >> we are talking about an impact on a chunk of the population withofin the middle aking choices about , and with aobs
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great effect on society. >> laura: new zealand's prime minister called for a global effort to combat right-wing extremism followinlast week's deadly attacks on two mosques. jacinda ardern spoke to e bbc as the first funerals were held r the victims. above christchurch, the rising sun illuminates a day of g mourning. a lonely f half mast, a portend of events to come. an on casket threads its way through a crowd, beari body in a white shroud. victims of the mosquehootings are finding
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peace. this journey will be made 50 times. the gravediggers have much work to do. also, the survivors, desperate to exorcize memories of the attacks. nathan smith on the right isig ally from dorset. am, convert to ise now lives in christchurch and was at prayer when the gunmen struck. >> you heard, bang, bang, bang.a bang, bang. it was relentless. it wasn't in the room, it waser like, peoplelooking at each other. i thought it was firecrackers, i thought maybe electrical problems. 50 people, dead. the bodies we stacked on top of each other. people had fallen. the windows were going out. i n't explain it. how i got out, i don't know. >> outside the mosque where
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nathan cheated death, the reconciliationf strangers and the burden of fostering disunity -- this unity nationwide after the shootings rests on slender but strong shoulders. >> i am the prime minister of a peaceful nation. how could this happen here?s, tond to this community? >> but it did happen here. anti-immigrant and anti-muslim sentiment is hardening. housing shortages are blamed on in her owny some party and elements within her ruling coalition see immigrants as a threat to rural life. but jacinda ardernays the fight against prejudices and -- prejudice is not just local. >> we have a responsibility to weed it out and make sure we don't create an environment where it can flourish. i would make that a global call. new zealand experienced violence brought againsts someone who grew up and lived their ideology somewhere else.
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>> she is facing the toughest test of her political career, soothing a nation traumatized by extreme violence. but charisma and the ability to strike the right tone in a moment of national mourning has endeared her to new zealanders and many around the world. how do you bring the community back together? >> this was a community that was by and large already together. my job is to make sure it is not shattered apart. laura: you heard jacinda ardern calling foglobal action. my colleagues spe earlier with jeh johnson, the secretary of homeland security under president obama.
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>> secretary, thanks for joining us. there has been so much on other types of terrorism, such asex islamiemism.he do you thinkhreat of white hapremacy and far right terrorism extremisbeen overlooked? >> whether it has be overlooked or not, it definitely has our focus now in the united states. it is a fact that homicides as a result of far right extremism now outpace homicides, deaths, terrorist attacks by iividuals or groups with some foreign connection. in the closing days of the oma administration, i was focused on white violent extremism, nationalist extremism, to the point where we got congress to fund efforts in local llmmunities to fund groups like an organization life
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after hate. i am concerned the current administration doesn't bring to the table the same cus. this is definitely a problem. we see a rising tide of this typef strand of terrorism, n only in the united states but as you noted,lobally and particularly in new zealand, unfortunately. >> so there are no boundaries to this, especially whethe hate speech takes place online. how do you stop it spreadi? >> that is a good question.wh you think of something called white nationalism, youk th it as a domestic problem, specific to the individual nation where you are in. ale prime minister is rightly calling for a gl international approach to white nationalism. that is a new dynamic and that will require a new way of thinking internationally by governments because asnow,
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we have the internet. the internet has no boundaries. it is global in scope. in one country, people may be inspired by something they see or read in another country. there needs to ban international effort towards some -- self-regulation by internet service providers, and as well, efforts to curb extremists earliest stages as well as intelligence sharing between governments, between the intelligence communities of different governments and basico law ement. laura: that was jeh johnson speaking elier. bouncy today,ling it is international happiness day, a moment on the calendar to think abo how to lead a more joyful life. a professor of psychology whos studies happinoke with us. we asked if there are genetic links to happiness. >>here are studies in the
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field of behavior genetics that look at twins and those studies show happiss does have a genetic component or genetic influence. 40%-50%.round that doesn't mean 50% of my happiness isenetic, it means there is a genetic influence that explains the durability of happiness in a population. we know this is true because when we look around us, some people are just naturally happier than others and they don't have to try hard to bepp others have to try harder to be happy. laura: for those of us who have to try harder, what should we be doing? >> there is 20 years of research that explores what people can do er become happy. my lab at the unty of california riverside has been doing what we call hss interventions, or positive interventions. we study things like, does
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exessing gratitude on a regular basis make people happier? it does. does practicing kindness on a regular sis makes people happier? it does. there are caveats. you have to be wary of the appropriate dosage, so can you be too grateful or kind? u can. some people might need to practice strategies differently in different cultures. they work less well than in different cultures. there are a lot of interesting questions about how people can become happier and how best that works under different circumstances. ura: when you look at a survey of happiest countries in the world, the u.s. ranks 19th and scandinavian countries are top. why are they at the top? >> this is a complex different cos in different regions have different factors. sometimes it has to dothe
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gdp of those countries. th wealthier 10 to be happier. -- tend to be happier. countries that have equal rights for their citizens, democratic forms of government, more economic or political stability, or that have less corruption and graft, and i wld say scandinavian countries have all those characteristics. those types of nations tend to be happier. and it is a great question because there are lots of differences between countries and we can't account for all of them. laura:to what is youtip for being happy? ngif you had one to say to all of us. >> good question. i guess i would say connecting with other people and contributing to society, which often has to do with helping others, is probably in my mind the most important factor in happiness, our relationships and connections with others. laura: thank you so much for that tip. >> pleasure to be here.
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laura: how to be happy, connect with others. thank you so much for watching "bbcorld news america." >> with the bbc news app, our vertical videos are designed to work around your lifestyle, so you can swipe your way through the news of the day and stayda up-to-te with the latest headlines you can trust. download now from selected app stores. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, and kovler foundatiosuing solutions for america's neglected needs. ♪ >> possibilities. yo. day is filled with them
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cod pbs helps everyone disver theirs. anytime, anywhere. pbs. we are with you for life. >> "bbc world news" was presenteby kcet, los angeles. ♪
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening, i'm judy woodruff. on the newshoutonight, the death toll rises as the scope of the devastating cyclone in mozambiq comes into clearer focus.en the f.d.a. approves a treatment for postpartum depression, the first ever forsu thosering from the pluganda grapples with how to prevent the spread of the deadly ebola virus from neighboring congo. all that and more ononight's pbs newshour >> major funding for the pbs newshour has been provided by:


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