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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  March 20, 2019 5:30pm-6:01pm PDT

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♪ >> this is "bbc world news america." funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, and kovler foundation, pursuing ssolutions for america' neglected needs. >> possibilities. your day is filled with them. anpbs helps everyone discover theirs.
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anytime, anywhere. pbs. we are with you for life. >> sense now, "bbc world new" laura: this is ber world news a. in turmoil again. the prime minister asks for delay. the eu says it is possible if parliament votes for the deal. she has this message for the public. >> we asked you the question already and you gave us yo answer. now, you want us to get on with it. that is what i am determined to do. laura: rescue workers struggle find survivors after cyclone idai ravages africa. much-needed aid is trickling in.
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plus, what rings you joy? we will bring you the science behind the smiles on international happiness day. welcome to "world news america." morehaos and confusion over brexit with nine days until britain is due to leave the eu. the prime ministersked for a short delay to brexit until the ofd of june. top ecials say that is possible but only if mps are may'sg tot acc mrs. brexit deal. o,moments rs. may spoke, -- e will not leave on time with a deal on the 29th of march. this delay is a matter of great personal regret for me.
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and of this, i am absolutely re you come of the public, have had enough. for the latest, i spoke to our parliament correspondent. mrs. may wants to delay brexit until the end of june. will s get her way? >> that is the key question. what happens immediately now is theresa may hops on a flight and goes to brussels where she talks to other eu leaders. the crucial thing is, theresa may saying we want an extension but every other one of the eu countries has to agree. other leaders have to agree there can be an extension and it ca be until june 30. that is not simple because some think there should be a shorter ntextension because we run the issue of elections for the european parliament that come up in may and june. laura: mrs. may is cross with mps.
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is there a chance they would back her brexit deal if it was put to them for a third time? >> there is someuggestion the deal could be put to mps for a third time at the beginning of next week. at that looked to be off the one point table because the speaker of the house of commons said you can't, under a law dating back to 1604, can't put thsog to the commons if they the sameady voted on things on previois occasions. eal would be going back unchanged so they said you couldn't do it. theresa may thinks she can find a way around that. the suggestion is she will put her deal back to mps one last time and she is hoping she is ugoing to be able to ra pressure. l e mps who don't want the long extension wll in line behind her and vote for her deal. laura: how confusing is this for the general public, who think britain will finally leave the
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eu at the end of next week? >> massively confusing. the inresting thing about theresa may's statement is that this is her king a direct appeal to the public. she is going over e heads of mps so what you will see on tv news in the u.k. this ening is not a clip from prime minister's questions, which was a maelstrom , a noisy, rowdy, hideous tssion with everyone shouting at theresa mresign. that is not what you will see. you will see theresa may saying "i understand, you don't want to talk about this. we understand you want to talkos about schools,tals. you are fed up with talking about exit. we promised we would leave on march 29. i haven't been able to do that because the other mps won't let me do it your co--- do it here cap -- that is the appeal she is making, saying to the public, i am the one w wants to get this done. laura: thank you so much for decoding that from westminster.
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the storm may have psed but the suffering continues for those hit by cyclone idai in hesot africa. hundreds were killed and thousands left homeless as the storm swept through three countries. heavy rains made rescue attempts difficult and foodpp es are just starting to afarrive at the worscted areas. our correspondent reports from a town in zimbabwe close to the mozambique border. >> the water stretches for miles in every direction. the bbc saw hundreds of people trapped in a stadium awaiting food and fresh water. aifor cyclone survivors is pouring in and leaving as fast as it comes. authorities say the need is overwhelming and it is mainly for the basi. but it is not onlyhe aid agencies that are working around the clock.
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in the midst of tragedy, a heartwarming element. ordinary people in the mst of an economic crisis are giving the food in their pantry and clothes off their backs to rvivors. a nation lining up to help in am unprecedented ity effort. but most supplies remain stuck on the wrong side of the disaster. access remains a challenge. zimbabwe's military is trying to restore road network so help can reac those who remain isolated. >> we are concerned about lives more than the infrastructure. we are concerned about gting to help the communities andin viduals. we are working on assessing so we can help.
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>> in malawi, large areas ofut central and sorn regions are still underwater. 120,000 people displaced. mthe u.n. is warning this prove to be the worst weatinr-related disaster ever the southern hemisphere. some me it to safety but for the majori who remain out of reach, time is running out. laura: so much sufring in the wake of the cyclone. presidentfo -- er bosnian serb leader will spend the of his life in jail after a court rejected his appeal and increased his sentence. heof was found guiltenocide and war crimes, including an massacre, the worst atrocity in europe since world war ii. the judge ruled his
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sentence was too light. the european commission fined google 1.7 million u.s. dollars -- blking rivals. addressed the concerns but promises to make additional changes. the parliament in cad -- in kazakhstanoted to change the name of the capital astana to nursultan to honor its outgoing leader. the move was proposed by the new the outgoing leader resigned on tuesday but is expected to carry on playing a leading role in politics. ohio helped donald trump to victory and he was back there today as he looks ahead to the 2020 campaign. the impact of his trade policy c on the state auding his narrative, as are the continued attacks on john mccain who clashed with mr. trump on issues from russia to health care. this is mr. trump in ohio
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rlier. >> i endorsed him at his request, and i gave him the kind of funeral that he wanted, which as president had to approve. i don't care about this. i didn't gea thank you. that is ok. we sent him on the way but i wasn't a fan john mccain. now, we are all set. i don't think i have to answer that question but the press keeps, what do you think of mccain? not my kind of guy. but some people like him and i think that is great. laura: that follows an earlier attack by trump on the husband of his advisor kellyanne conwayb mr. conway hn critical of trump on twitter. for more, i spoke with a congressional report the wall street journal. how much concern are the president's attack of john mccain causing an republican ranks? >> republicans are not in -- are not in washington this week, but we have seen a fairly
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subdued response. we haven't seen a vociferous defense of senator mccain, who was beloved on capitol hl, although senator johnny isakson was more full throated today. part of that may be because thea pushed back on the president last week. they had two major votes thatn were s rebukes of the white house, one on the saudi led war in yemen and the second on the resolution to disapprove of his national emergency where we saw 12 republicans vote with democrats. that forced his first veto. there may be hesitation to go too far. republicans tend to feel h uncomfortable breaking we president because the base supports him so much. you may see people not wanting to go out on a limb. laura: what does the president have to gain politically from intensifying his feud with the late senator mccain? >> good questi. i know senator mccain was controversial in arizona. there were conservative
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republicans who waed to see him align with the president more. they sometimes broke on sues ranging from immigration, russia, waterboarding, and the health care vote provoked criticism among republicans for g the gop effortre to repeal anace the aca. it may be that he is trying to win points with the base but senator mccain is not here to defend himself so not sure how effective that is. laura: the president is feuding with the husband of his advisor. this, as he goes to the state that helped propel him to victory in 2016. does he risk stepping on his strong political message of the economy with these fights? >> sure. the president showed time and time again he n come off a legislative victory and cloud the narrative by diving into another fight. this happened when he passed criminal justice refor then immediately the government went into shut down. we see this pattern often in which he has something positive
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to talk about but that is not what he tweets about. laura: are you sensing concern about the impact of his traden policyucial states like ohio? >> absolutely. this is an issue senate republicans feel comfortable speaking out against, articularly in the midwest. the tariffs have harge impact on the agriculture sector and you definitely see concern that this could be punitive. lata: do you see the presid headed towards 2020 already? >> absolutel i think it is clear when he heeets late at night about electoral college it is clear this is on his mind. laura: thanks for joining us. you arein wat"bbc world news new zealand's prime minister calls for a fight against extremism. victims of the mosque attacksar laid to rest.
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there is new evidence that people who smoke strong cannabis aret risk of suffering serious mental illness. researchers believe strong foris and be harmful young, developing brains. our heth correspondent ports. be illegal iny britain but it is increasingly out in the open. this annual festival i brighton, billed as being for consumers, enthusiasts and those campaigning for the drug to be gal, has already happened in other countries. the risks involved in smoking strong forms of cannabis are of increasing concern. lyparticul as those types of drug are becoming prevalent. in london and amsterdam, they dominate the market. research published today in a medical journal says people using cannabis on a dailyth bass are times more likely to
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ve an episode of psychosis than those who never used it. this increases to five times more likely who the -- for those using high strength cannabis like skunk every day. people using potenforms of described the psychngis as frightend debilitating. , andhrghin my flat the floor or the ceiling, the people abovene, everas talking about me. delusions of grandeur, very paranoid, scared to leave my flat. the report sayof the risks are particularly high for the young. we are talking about an impact on a chunk of the population with, in tin middle of mchoices about , and with aobs
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great effect on society. >> laura: new zealand's prime minister called for a global effort to combat right-win extremism following last week's deadly attacks on two mosques. jacinda ardern spoke to the bb as the first funerals were held foctims. above christchurch, theum rising sun iates a day of mourning. a lonely flag at half mast, a portend of events to come. an open casket threads its way through a crowd, bearing a body in a white shroud. victims of the mosque shootings are finding peace.
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this journey will be made 50 times. the gravediggers have much work to do. also, the survivors, desperate to exorcize memories of theat cks. nathan smith on the right is originally from dorset. a convert to islam, he now lives in christchurch and was atth prayer wgunmen struck. >> you heard, bang, bang, bang. bang, bang, bang. he was relentless. it wasn't inoom, it was like, people were looking at each other. i thought it was firecs, i thought maybe electrical problems. 50 people, dead. the bodies were stked on top of each other. people had fallen. the windows were going out. i can't explain it. how i got out, don't know. >> outside the mosque where nathan cheated death, the
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reconciliation of strangers and the burden of fostering disunity this unity nationwide after the shootings rests on slender but strong shoulders. >> i am the prime minister of a peaceful nation. how could this happen here? t to us, athis community? >> but it did happen here. anti-immigrant and anti-muslim sentiment is hardeni housing shortages are blamed on in her owny some party and elements within her ruling coalition see immigrants as a threat to rural life. but jacinda ardern says the fight against prejudices and -- prejudice is not just local. >> we have a responsibility to weed it out and make sure we don't create an environment where it can furish. i would make that a global call. new zealand experienced olence brought against us by someone who grew up and lived their ideology somewhere else.s
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>> she icing the toughest test of her political career, soothing a nation traumatized by extreme violence. but charisma and the ability to strike the right tone in a moment of national mourning has endeared her to new zealanders and many around the world. how do you bring the community back together? >> this was a community that was by and large already together. my job is to make sure it is not shattered apart. laura: you heard jacinda ardern calling for glob action. ier withagues spoke ea jeh johnson, the secretary of homeland security under president obama.ta >> sec, thanks for joining us.
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there has been so much on other types of terrorism, such asis ealamic extr do you think the tof white supremacy and far right enterrorism extremism has overlooked? >> whether it has been overlooked or not, it definitely has our cus now in the united states. it is a fact that homicides as a result of far right extremism now outpace homicides, deaths, terrorist attacks by individls or groups with some foreign connection. in the closing days of the obama adminion, i was focused onex white violenemism, nationalist extremism, to the point where we got congress to fund efforts in local communities to fund groups like an organization called after hate. i am concerned the current
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administration doesn't bring to the table the same focus. this is definitely a problem. we see a risg tide of this type of strand of terrorism, not only in the unit states but as you noted, globally and particularly in new zealand, unfortunately. >> so there are no boundaries to this, especially when the te speech takes place online. how do you stop it spreading? >> that is a good question. when you think of somethinghi called nationalism, you think of it as a domestic problem, specific to the individual nation where you are s . the prime ministerghtly calling for a global international approach to white nationalism. that is a new dynamic and that ll require a new way of thinking internationally by governnts because as you know, we have the internet. the internet has no boundaries.
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it is global in scope. in one country, ople may be inspired by something they see or read in another country. there needs to be an international effort towards some -- self-regulation by internet service providers, and as well, efforts to curb extremism at its earliest stages as welntelligence sharing between governments, between the intelligence communities of different governments and basic law enforcement. laura: that was jeh johnson speaking earlier. bounc today,eling it is international happiness day, a moment on the calendar to think about how to lead a more joyful life. a professor of psychology who studies happiness spoke with us. we asked if there e genetic links to happiness. >> there are studies in the field of behior genetics that
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look at twins anthose studies show happiness does have a genetic component orenetic influence. 40%-50%around that doesn't mean 50% of my happiness is genetic, it means there is a genetic influence that explains the durabilityf happiness in a population. we know this is true becauseen e look around us, some people are just naturally happier than others and they don't have to try hard to be others havry harder to be happy. laura: for those of us who have to try harder, what should we be rsing? >> there is 20 yf research that explores what pcan do to become happy. my lab at the university of nlifornia riverside has b doing what we call happiness interventions, or positive interventions. we studyhings like, does expressing gratitude on a
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regular basis make people happier? it does. does practicing kindness on a regular basis makes people happier? it does. there are caveats. you have to be wary of the appropriate dosage, so can you be too grateful or kind? you can. somemi peoplt need to practice strategies differently in different cultures. they work less well than in different cultures. there are a lot of interesting questions about how people can become happier and how best thak under different circumstances. laura: when you look at a survey of happiest countries in the world, the u.s. ranks 19th and scandinavian countries are top. why are they at the top? >> this is a complex question. different countries in different regions have differentrs. soetimes it has to do with gdp of those countries.
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those cowetries that are thier 10 to be happier. -- tend to be happier. countries that have equal rights for their citizens, democratic forms of government, more economic or political stability, or that have less corrtion and graft, and i would say scandinavian countries have all those characteristics. those types of nations tend to be happier. and it is a great question because there are lots of differences between countriesd can't account for all of them. laura: what is your top tip for being happy? if you had one thing to say to all of us. >> good question. ngguess i would say connec with other people and contributing to society, which often has too with helping others, is probably in my mind e most important factor happiness, our relationships and connecons with others. laura: thank you so much for that tip. >> pleasure to be here.
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laura: how to be happy, connect with others. thank you so much for watching "bbc world news america." >> with the bbc news app, our vertical videos are designed toa workround your lifestyle, so you can swipe your way throughf the news othe day and stayh up-to-date wthe latest headlines you can trust. download now from selected app stores. >> funding of this presentation is made possible b the freeman foundation, and kovler foundation, pursuing lutions for america' neglected needs. ♪ >> possibilities. your days filled with them. and pbhelps everyone discover
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theirs. anytime, anywhere. pbs. we are with you for life. >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet, los angeles. ♪
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caioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening, i'm judy woodruff. on the newshour tonight, the death toll rises as the scope ot the devag cyclone in mozambique comes into clearer focus. then, the f.d.a. approves a treatment for postpartum depression, the first ever for those suffering from the condition. plus, uganda grapples with how s to prevent thepread of the deadly ebola virusrom neighboring congo. all that and more on tonight's pbs newshour >> major funding for the pbs newshour has been provided by:


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