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tv   PBS News Hour  PBS  March 20, 2019 6:00pm-7:00pm PDT

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caioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening, i'm judy woodruff. on the newshour tonight, the death toll rises as the scope ot the devag cyclone in mozambique comes into clearer focus. then, the f.d.a. approves a treatment for postpartum depression, the first ever for those suffering from the condition. plus, uganda grapples with how s to prevent thepread of the deadly ebola virusrom neighboring congo. all that and more on tonight's pbs newshour >> major funding for the pbs newshour has been provided by:
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thank you. >> woodruff: the catastrophe is still growing tonight for hundreds of thousands of people across southern afri the death toll frolast week's tropical cyclone has topped 300 in mozambique and two nehboring states, and survivors now face hunger and possibly, disease. nick schifrin has the test. >> schifrin: stranded for days above rising floodwaters, help finally arrives as a rescue worker saves this man from a it's been five days sinctra ical cyclone tore through mozambique's port city of beira before then heading into malawi and zimbabwe. hundreds are still trapped or missing. and as rains continue these rescues grow more desperate. the storm cut off virtually all access to eastern mozambique,
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submerging whole villages in mileof floodwaters and washi out bridges and roads. beira, where aid is just starting to arrive. with limited supplies, aid workers attend to the critically injured, wrap rescued children b inlankets and hand out clean water. the storm's affected more than 2.6 million people in this corner of southern africa. more than 400,000 people have been displaced in mozambique alone, many forced to walk moues to higher . mothers like guida antonio are running out of supplies in a makeshift shelter in chimoio. eltonio has no food for he and needs to breastfeed her one- week-old baby. >> ( translated ): yesterday i saw that food was running out. i went and asked and they told me that food had run out. until now i've had non >> schifrin: sandra juliao, a mother of three, says she nes to go look for more supplies, but can't leave her children. >> ( translated ): our house was
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destroyed and i can't cope.e' thnothing here, the kids didn't have lunch so they are hungry. >> there wilbe nothing left of their houses or their property. they were lucky to get away with their lives. >> schifrin: marc nosbach is with care international in maputo, mozambique. >> it is a really desperate situation and we have heard accounts of you know family members lost other family members in front of thlor eyes as thewaters were approaching. >> schifrin: nosbach says while in the floodwars, there is so fear that a disease outbreak could trigger a second disaster. >> there will be a sig risk of cholera but also malaraia especially with all the standing water in the region continues. >> schifrin: rik goverde is with save the children in maputo, >> these people have lost everything they d d, you know, 's not always a lot they they cooked with kitchen supplies, they did simplest things like that. they had houses,e r shelters whey lived and that is
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gone. >> schif slow to arrive, more is on the way. the european union has announced it will send $5 million to upriver dams are reaching their breaking points, risking eve more floodin for the pbs newshour, i'm nick schifrin. >> woodruff: in the day's other news, emerncy officials warned that historic flooding that devastated parts of the u.s. midwest is far from over. they said fresh rain and melting snow will drive the flooding south, down the missouri and mississippi rivers. meanwhile, half of iowa's 99 counties are already under emergencies. and in nebraska, the estimated damage has topped $1 billion. governor pete ricketts asked for patience today. >> we know this is going to be a months long recovery, just from the public infrastructure side. replacing a bridge is not something that's quick and easy. so this is something we're going to ask the patience of the people of nebraska as we go through this. >> woodruff: downriver, the state of mississippi declared an emergency, in ticipation of floods to come.
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several small towns in missouri began evacuations, and forecasters also predicted major flooding for of kansas and arkansas. in new zealand, funeraan today for victims of last friday's massacre at two mosques. in christchurch, where the killings took place, hundreds gathered at a park to pray before t burial sites.fins to an students performed a traditional maori haka in tribute tohe 50 victims. prime minier jacinda ardern was there, and promised quick action on new gun laws. >> we have a large number of loopholes in our laws and many nezealanders would be yltounded to know that you can access military semi- automatics in the way that you can here.er are a range of things that need to be fixed and i guess if i was to say new zealand was a blueprint for anything in some ways it's a blueprint what not to do. >> woodruff: an australian man is charged in the shootings. today, turkish president recep
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tayyip erdogan portrayed the attack as part of a broader attack on turkey and islam. he also charged that australia and new zealand joined in arl war i attack on turkey out of opposition to islam. leaders of both nations sharply criticized the remarks. australia announced today it is cutting the number of immigrants it accepts annually, by nearly 15%. the total will fall from 190,000, to 160,000.pr e minister scott morrison also said many new arrivals rell be bfrom living in large cities. the moves are in resisnse to publicntent over congestion and housing prices.ed a unations court has upheld the convictions of formea boserb leader radovan prradzic, and increased his sentence to life ion. karadzic had appealed the 2016 convictions and 40-year sentence for genocide and other crimes during the bosnian war in the
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1990's. in bosnia today, relatives of muslim menilled by serb forces erupted in applause when the ruling came down. the court met in thend nether back in this country, president trump says he is looking forward to special counsel robert mueller's russia report. as he left the white house today, he criticized the process, but said he hopes the justice department will make the findings public. >> let it come out. let people see it. that's up to the attorney general. i got 63 million votes and now somebody just writes a report. i think it's ridiculous, but i want to see the report. >> woodruff: mueller has been investigating russian interference in the 2016 election, and allegations that the trump campaign colluded th moscow. the president also stepped up his assault on the late republican senator john mccain.o o, he attacked mccain's and, he complained that he stayed away from tra senator's
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fu at the family's request, but never got a thank- you. st republican senator johnny isakson of georgiad the president's remarks were "deplorable." atd senate majority leader mitch mcconnell tweeted ccain was "a rare patriot and genuine american hero." the federal reserve has announced it will hold its benchmark intest rate steady, probably for the rest of the year. policymakers at the ntral bank took that stance today, as they forecast slower economic gwth. fed chair jerome powell said the goal is to stay flexible. >> i think we're in a good place right now, which is we're being patient, we're watching. we don't see any data pushing us toove rates in either direction and we're going to watch carefully and patiently as we allow events to evolve d when they do clarify, we will act appropriately.
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>> woodruff: powell sa fed's overall outlook remains positive, and that he thinks the slowdown in growth is temporary. e european union fined google $1.7 billion today for anti- trust violations. it was the company's third major fine in europe since 2017, totaling some $10 billion. in this latest case, regulators ruled that google barred rivals from placing ads on sites thatus its ad-sense service. disney has finalized its takeover of fox's entertainment divisions in a deal valued at $71 billion dollars. the announcement paves the way for disney to launch its own streaming service ter this year but, the acquisition is likely to mean layoffs for erousands of wo as the company axes redundant positions. and, on ll street, the news on interest rates did little to pump up stocks. the dow jones industrial average lost 141 points to closet 25,745.
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the nasdaq rose five points, and the s&p 500 slipped eight. still to come on the newshour: the first treatment for postpartum depression is approved. i eak with former u.s. attorney and frequent trump critic preet bharara. a case about racial bias in jur selectioaches the supreme court. how uganda is combating the spread of ebola, and much more. >> woodruff: it's estimated that at least one out of nine new mothers in the u.s. experience postpartum depression each yearo some women, therapy and standard antidepressants can help alleviate some of the worst symptoms. but for many, it takes too long for the medication to kick in. and otherso untreated completely. now, as amna nawaz tells us, the
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first drug specifically for postpartum depression hay been approvede f.d.a. and it may be a faster alternative for women in need. >> nawaz: the drug, known by the trade name zulresso, can kick in quickly, aeviating symptoms within just 48 hours but it is also aime consuming treatment and very expensive. patients must go to a rtified medical center to take the drug which is administered as a 60 hour i.v. treatment. it also may cost upwards of $35,000 and it is not clear whether insurers will cover it. the new drug is expected to be available in jun dr. samantha meltzer-brody is the director of university of north carolina's prenatal psychiatry program and joins me now to discuss this newly approved treatment she was the principal investigator for the trials. sifor the record, the univ did receive a research grant from the company for those trials. but dr. meltzer-brody did not receive or take any money from the company. we wanted to make that clear. dr. meltzer-brody, welcome to the newshour. let's strt with the
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significance of this. you told my colleague earlier, it's a huge paradigm shift in how we treat post-partum. why? >> thanks for the opportunity to ht.k ton so this is the first drug ever approved for postpartum depression that has a copletely different mechanism of action. so this has the abiolity resolve symptoms. moms feel better within a day, and at the 60-hour mark of the infusion, the majority of women that received the drug felt edly better. that's unlike any treatment we currently have available. and given how devastating this illness can be, affecting 10% to 15% of all women that give birth, it's a huge step forward. >> nawaz: so who is considered a good candidate for this? does it mean sort of a silver bullet for post-partum? >> no, i wouldn't call it aer siullet, exactly. the drug was tested initially with women with severe postpartum depression, and then with moderately postpartum depression. this is for women who are having significant impairment
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functioning. they're not able to take care of their baby, interact, do the i things they watheir life, especially for women who are having suis,cidal thougwomen who are really suffering and struggling, this can be a ma step forward and would be transform 55 in that they could have relief of symptoms within two and a half days or less. when i see women in clinic, the post-partum period is juch a vulnerable time, d f moms, babies, and families to feel they have to wait weeks t months for treatment to work, that can seem like an eternity.i so for som to work quickly is exciting to me and i think can make agf mean difference for women for who this is appropriate. >> nawaz: but when it costs ohis much and requires you t stay in the medical center for treatment, does that automatically clude a number if not most women? >> i think the cost, which is parent of the commezation piece they have not been part of, is certainly going to be an issue for women if insurance
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doesn't ver it. i am hopeful insurance will cover it for appropriate women.e that will bey important. it will be very important-- also, the hope is that it will cover a wide range of inurance, both private and public insurance, guffen that 50% of women who give bit, in this country are on puli assistance, medicaid. that is an important issue and one we have to watch carully. but my experience in using the drug is the majority of women that hd severe symptoms, they were grateful for the opportunity to receive treatment dispp we started developing this many years ago with initially open label, through theli double studies. ask i can tell you for many women that are suffering, if yoe tellm, "we can treat you in two and a half days," they don't see that as avehuge incence at all. it wasn't an issue for women to come in and receive this type of treatment. people grateful for rapid relief ofsymptoms. >> nawaz: dr. meltzer-brody, we should point out most womentr
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who seekatment are most commonly treated by anti ydepressants. see this as replacing those antidepressant in some ways? >> i think for womth mild symptoms, aunt first-line treatment is psychotherapy, ad that will remain a very important part of treatment, because people have life stressors. for women who have mild to derate symptoms, the treatment may continue very much a first li for women who not want an i.v. infusion for whatever reason. however, for severe symptoms, i see this as a game changer toe have rapidief of symptoms which, in the majority of womenh were treated, that was maintained through 30 days of follow-up. sos this unike anything we've seen before. and i think it will take time for everyone to become comfortable with a new moel of care. psychiatry has not had a new class of antidepressants for a very long time, and cetainly, rapidly acting antidepressants is something that has not been available.
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so i think it's going to take time for people tond thibt this is po and our ability to treat depression is now changed in a ver.positive way >> nawaz: we have under a minute left, but i want to make thre people understand this. for anyone oure who sees this, hears about this, thinks it could help them or knows someone that they think needs help, what should they do? what should be their first step? >> well, oe of the things that's great about a drug npecifically developed for postpartum depress i think is it's increasing awareness. for anyone that's having symptoms, they need to talk to their provider and discuss symptoms they're having-- low mood, anxiety, feeling overwhelmed, when the baby is sleeping, certainly having suicidal thoughts, not being able to eat or function the way they want to. and a conversation with their provider is critical to decide what is e best treatment option and understand that individual mom's history. some someone who has had a long history depressio is this something that came out of the blue pot-partum.
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we want all mos that are suffering to reach out and get help. it is not okay to suffer with postpartum depressi. it is a mical condition and treatment is vital for the mom, baby, and her family. >> nawaz: reach out and get help. it's a important message. dr. samantha meltzer-brody, thanks so much for time. >> thanks for having me tonight. >> woodruff: special counsel vebert mueller and his team are not the only ones igating the president. the southern district of newrk s leading probes into hush money payments made by mr. trump's former lawyer and is involved in investigating donations to the president's
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inauguration.ee bharara was the u.s. attorney in charge of the southern district until mr. trump fired him. bharara is out with a new book, i spoke with him a short time ago. preet bharara, welcome to the newshour. with thi walk us through the work you've done as the chief prosecutor in new york's federal district. so, my question to you is, you know, you've explained to s how the justice system works. is that justice system doing the job that it should right now for the american people? >> thnks, juy. it's good to be here. you know, in some ways it is, and in some way is itsn't. i think the men and women of the southern district of new yo they led fo seven and a half years, and lots of great folks in law enforcement, the department of justice, and in local d.a.s' offices and state attorneys general' offices keep their head dow they do the work they've always done in the way they've always done it, uhenderantra to do
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the right thing in the right way for the right reasons. i'm not so concerned abt the individuals who carry out the mission of justice in all thocee of i am concerned about the ways in which those kinds of efforts have become politicized, and the ways in which some people sort of substitute their polical preferences for what and he was reasons and facts and the law might ultimately support so one of the reasons i wrote the book was to sort of take a step back, and in some time of turmoil where, you know, people are treated to phrases like, "truth isn't truth," or "alternative i facts's good to see how the justice system is supposed to work when it properly operates. but also to point ouw difficult it is sometimes, and the ethical decisions people have to make on the ground every day are sometimes not so easy. >> woodruff: has it bee undermined in this administration? >> i think faith in law erminedment has been und in this administration and it comes from a simple reason, and that is, we happen to be in atu ion where the president of the united states, his conduct
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has fallen into question, an people around him have been knvestigated, some of them prosecuted--, yo, people very close to him like paul manafort and michael cohen are going to prison because they engaged in criminal annduct. these are the kinds of people the president has chosen to associate himself with and to be around. you know, there's a reason yet president has adopted a veryre drect strategy, and very blatant about it of undermini and attack te are engaged in that investigation. at the end of the day you want people to have faith and idence in institutions. >> woodruff: you were fired from your job rung the southern district of new york in march of 2017. two days offer-you got a call from president trump, you declined to answer that call on the advice of the justice department. after you have looked bark reflected on that, was the president trying to improperly influence you? >> i have no idea if he was trying to improperly influence me with that phone call. it's a very peculiar thing, if
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the president, when twesident-elect to call me once, and call mece when he was president. for the sitting presidt of the united states, who is from new york, has interests in new york, has a foundation in new york, to try to cuelltivate ationship with the local prosecutor with whom he scnt dnt have anyis pre-ng relationship. it's not done. i've not heard of it. i don't know if he was calling y other u.s. attorney in the country. and given what we know since ahen, that the president has asked people to off on folks that are his political allies, and inca somses to go after people who are his politicalad cacy, michael flynn in the first instance, and hillary clinton on the second instance. bi lock on my decision not to return the call and not have a relationship th the president other than something at arm's length is a good one. i think over time it would have undermined my credibility. it would have undermined his credibility and it's good for the justify system. >> woodruff: with regards to investigations into e president, robert mueller, the southern disict of new york--
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of course where you are. do the ting the predent is more vulnerable with the potential russia connection,r more vulnerable with regard to campaign violations or with regard to his business dealings? >> you forgot about obstruction. there's another category of thing as well. i don't know. i think people tenderestiow much they don't know about what bob mueller has been looking at. and we have been surprised oer the course of the last couple of years when indictments come down. a lot of people are speculating soat it's endinon. i don't know if that's the case. there is another round ofm ruors from who think something is happening this week. the one thing we do know with respect to the various categories of the investigation you mentioned is that correct there's one area, capaign finance violation, where there has been a guilty plea on the part of michael coh who said he committed this crime, who is prepared to go to prison for cooitting that crime and said in open court that he did that crime in coordination with, and at the direction of individuis one-- who president trump. and that was endorsed by the court, and it seems to have been
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endorsed by my prior office. you have much ore on the record with respect to vunebility on the criminal level with respect to donald trump on that, at leefort that we know about. >> woodruff: do you have a sense-- obviously, there's a lot we don't know abot ut wha mule is doing-- but do you have a sense when the rport is issued what we will have answers to and what questions will still be nging out there? >> my sense is-- and i've said this just based on my observation of how the mueller team has operated-- that it will thorough and lengthy. but it's possible it could be scant and sparse, f that's the case, we won't learn as much. i dohink ultimately it will be very difficult for the public not to learn at least what mueller decided n various things, especially with respect to the president, who has the benet of the shield of immunity from prosecution essentially because of the somewhat long-standing policy of the justice department in practice that a sitting president can't be indicted. >> woodruff: you referred to is a moment ago. the final mueller report may not-- may open questions thastt l have to be looked at.
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how real a possibility do you think that is? >> i think it's not insubstantial. there are lots of ways in which the president can fight the release of som you know, i have heard reports they plan to use the cudgel of executive privilege pretty sharply. some might say that doesn't seem to make sense becausele information was already given to bob mueller. it should have raised tha protective argument at that time. i sounds luke they reserve that right. ink at the end of the day, it will be a political solution. if the report is very, veryng damao the president, it's going to be very difficult politically to keep that awa from congress. if, on the other hand, the report is ultimately not so damaging to the president, particularly on the that people call collusion or conspiracy, or collaboration in some way on eleion interference, then it may be gll barr and president trump will be running ive it to congress and declare victory and oneration which the president does prim from time to time, evn when douments d't exonerate
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him. it depends how damaging it is, and we'll have tot say tuned. >> woodruff: we'll certainly stay tuned. interesting fight to watch. preet bharara, we thank you. >> thank you. >> woodruff: the u.s. supreme courtoday took up a case examining whether a prosecutor in mississippi used race to illegally shape a jury. it involves the repeated efforts convict an african-american named curtis flowers for the murders of four people in 1996. but as william brangm reports, a popular podcast shed new light on troubling parts of this case >> brangham: curtis flowers has been tried, noonce, but six times for these murders, where four people in winona, mississippi were killed in a furniture store. the case against flowers is the subject of intense scrutiny now, especially since it beme the subject of an investigative
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podcast-- season two of american public media's "in the dark." host madeleine barron and her reporting team moved to mississippi to investigate this 20 year old case. several key elements of the case against flowers-- evidence cited by district attorney, doug evans, began to unravel upon closer examination. that included a jailhous witness recanting. i >> by this poi already looked at every other piece of major evidence in the casecu againsis flowers: the route, the gun, the other two snitches. none of it had held up to t rutiny. now all that was ls this one story, this one confession. and then, from his cell in parchman prison, on a spotty cell phone connection, from derneath his tent, odell holman told samara that story was a lie. >> telng me he killed some
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people? hell naw, he ain'tever told me that, that was a lie. >> brangham: district atrney doug evans has been pursuing the death penalty for flowers. but flowers lawyers argue evans hay-picked white jurors to and convict him. >> doug evans had used his strikes to strike one white prospective juror and five black prospective jurors. when the trial began, curtis flowers looked over at a jury box that was almost entirely white. this in a county that was almost 50% black. that jury listened to seven days of testimony, and then they deliberated for just 29 minutes. they convicted curtis flowersse anenced him to death. >> brangham: flowers' sixth appeal, challenging thetu consonality of this jury selection, is what reached the supreme court today. host and lead reporter of "in the dark," madeleine barron, was at the court this morning, and
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she joins me now. welcome. >> thanks for having me. >> brangham: so you know this case just about as well s anybody out there, but for people who have not been listening the podcast, tell us who is curtis flowers, and why has heb been ind bars for so long. >> curtis flowers grew up in aal town, winona, mississippi, and he had a pretty unremarkable lie until 1996, when four people were shot in the head in the sma-tn furniture store, a store that curtis had worked at for a few days earlier that summer. and it didn't take long for law enforcement to narrow on curtis as their top suspect, even though curtis didn't have a criminal record, there was no d.n.a., no slam-dunk evidence. but curtis is the one they thought did it and built a case against him based largely on circumstantial evidence. >> brangham: so the evidence ens that thin against him? >> thin, butough to convince some jurors, convinced jurors for means years. when we look at the evidence td not show upo scrutiny.
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everything from the forensic science in the case,e witnesses who say they saw curtis, not killing anybody but walk around town that day to and from the murders, none of it held up. >> brangham: today, the supreme court looked at o slice of this case-- they're not looking, we should say, whether or not curtis is guilty or nth guilty oe murders. they're looking at whether or not this district attorney basically stacked the deck for his jury in a racist fashio what has-- what is-- what is curtis flowers' flower's argument? >> they say when you look at the six trials of curtis flowers you see one thing that is almost always the same. you see a jury that is either all white or mostly white every time. and the defense says it didn't get that wayncby ch that that was a strategy by the prosecutor, the elected district attorney, doug evans. they said evans was intentionally strikincan americans from the jury because of their race. and you cannot do that. that's against thonstitution. the court's been pb very clear
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on that. >> brangham: you can strike people for a wholech bunf reasons. >> exactly, you can strike them for n most any rea all. you cannot strike them because of their race. that is at curtis' lawyers nere at the court saying, that is what happenedhis case. they're not saying look this what happened in curtis' latt file. but they pointed out the court has caught the same district attorney twice before in the flowers trial violating the constitution in the exact same way. it happened inti cur second trial and it happened in his third trial. they're saying if you're trying to determine wheer this prosecutor is credible, you should consider his record. the sta hte, on the othd, says doug evans has valid reasons for striking these african americans fr this jury in this trial. >> brangham: that had nothing to do with race. >> exactly. e of the arguments is one of these jurors, some of these jurors knew the defendant's family. they had, you know, doubts about the death penalty. and things like that. so that's the two sides,s basically, t breaks down. but it's really was interesting to see how this unfolded at the
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court. >> brangham: and how did it? how did the justices seem to be leaning? orable t very fav flowers, i would say, over all. the newest justice, justice clf new york was very outspoken during oral arguments about the importance of fair trials and avoiding racial discrimination in jury selection. he talked about how it doesn't just matter fo the defendant, to make sure the defendant gets a fair trial. but he also talked about how fot a commthis is important, that if we're going to trust our criminal justice system, we need to make sure thawe do not have racism in jury selection. so he kind of carried forth on it, a little unexpectedly. brangham: in you reporting-- again, this is separate from what was in the trial you looked at doug evans' it's district attorney's-- his record in jury cases outside flowers case. explain how you examined that and what you found. >> well, we want topped see does this pattern hold uposs all of his trials, not just of the flowers trial. so he had been the d.a. since 1992.
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so what we did is we went about trng to locate through all these different courthouses in mississippi, trial strip thes, a reporter who spent months literally hauling a scanner in these courthouses, scanning over 100,000 pages of documents. then our data reorter analyzed thoy records to come up with one hiry important sentence, ch is when we look at all these trials in doug eva' district since he became d.a. in me 19, he and his officeere striking black people from juries at nearly 4.5 times the rate that they were striking white people, 4.5 times the rate. this is something you would not be able to fiewnd out bjust going to the courthouse. it took almost a year of work glieg glaig let's say curtis flowers wins the appeal. what happens then? >> interestingly enough, that's not the end of theory. the prosecutor gets the chance to do cide whether try the casenggain. >> braham: the same prosecutor.
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>> thepr samosecutor. >> brangham:ed podcast is "in thear dk." madeleine barron, thank you so much. >> thank >> woodruff: eastern parts of democratic republic of the congo are struggling to contain the second worst outbreak of the deadly ebola virus in history. congo's neighbors are on high alert. from the border with uganda, special correspondent fred de sam lazaro has this report for our leading edge series.>> eporter: this red cross intpost is uganda's frontlin trying to contain the spillover of ebola infections from theli democratic repc of congo. every day, thousands of congolese cross into ua, some fleeing violence and .onflict, others simply coming to trade or shop in theown of kisoro just inside ugaa near the border with congo is a typical market that could be anywhere in sub- saharan africa, a bustling free
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trade zone of fruits, vegetableseven flip flops made from recycled tires. it's never felt like an neternational crossing for the locals, who don' passports or visas and have come and gone freely. but now, there's a mandatory stop. >> what we are doing right now is to emphasize the practical bit of it,hat is hygiene promotion. >> reporter: hygiene promotion means congolese visitors must now wash their hands in chlorinated water, decontaminate their feet and have their temperature taken before being allowed into uganda, says the red cross' ronald kanyerezi. those with high temperatures must rest for a while before a new reading is taken. how often during the day do you have to quarantine people when you take their temps at the border points here? >> sometimes it can be like, ten, 15. if the temperatuwns fail to go hen we make a referral.
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>> reporter: a nearby quarantine has been set up in a nearby hospital, he says, but so far, thankfully, it hasn't been needed. ebola is spread by contact with bodily fluids from an infected person uganda is no stranger to ebola.w in fact prior t africa in 2014, the largest outbreak in history occurred here in the northern city of gulu in the year 2000. 224 people lost their lives. today, besides border screening, there e information campaigns on the signs and symptoms of ebola broadcast here in veral local languages and dialects, and educational posters throughout town. and there's particular emphasis on isolated local communits like the batwa or pygmies whoun commate such messages through songs. uganda also has sophisticated
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lab facilities to quickly detect ebola and closely related viruses, like marburg that cause severe hemorrhaging gh fevers. >> any samples that brought into this facility they are quickly diagnosed at least within 24 hours. result will be out and reported to minister of health. >> reporter: the lab has been oe high since the outbreak began in august. >> this sample is negative. r orter: so you've been able to rule out marburg and ebola. >> yes for the sample today yeah. >> reporter: health officials near bunagana and other border posts, send in blood samples when a person has a persistent s high fever aws other signs. this sample came from hoim near the d.r.c. what would the patient have presented in terms of symptoms for them thave send this sampleo you? >> yeah they prented with a fever, temperature was 38.6. then he had diarrheathen he
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had nose bleeding, then also this laboratory, igaentebbe, neara's capital, was set up by the atlanta-based u.s. centers for disease control in 2010, as part of an obama administration effort to conin outbreaks. >> one of the smartest investments we could make arein seup these kinds of laboratories and public health systems throughout the world. >> reporter: michael osterholm is a public health and a biosecurity expert at the university of minnesota >> for every dollar we spend on them, we will reap back i believe many, many dollars in return in terms of not having to fight a much larger problem that only gets caught after weeks and weeks of smoldering somewhere in the world. >> reporter: there's also an ebola vaccine that has shown some promise, he says. so far about 80,000 people in the democratic republic of congo have received it.ng but fos neighbors, the emphasis remains on limitingbr infectious oks. is there sufficient reportang
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and survei systems today so that these outbreaks, were ey to spread in these countries, would be containable reasonably well? >>l would have to say that the planni that's gone on to date and the pre-vaccination, the surveillance efforts, i'd say we have a very high likeliod. those areas are much more stable than their adjoining neighbor in d.r.c. >> reporter: that instability in the war-torn eastern d.r.c. remains the big threat, as health workers struggle to vaccinate against ebola and treat those infected. if ebola spreads to larger cities, osterholm says the consequences could dwarf the west african pandemic of 2014. the hope here in border communities is that people will remain vigilanand on their toes. for the fred de sam lazaro, in bunagana, uganda. f >> woodrufd's reporting is a partnership with the
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under-told stories project at the university of st. thomas in minnesota. >> woodruff: there are 15 democrats vying for 20eir party's residential nomination. one of those candidates, governor jay inslee of washington, joins us now. governor welcome. governor, welcome to the newshour. >> thank you, this is an honor, thank you. >> woodruff: well, thank you for being here. so y are making climate cgean a centerpiece of your campaign. you asked voters about it. many of them agree it's important. but it is not number one when they look at what's most important in choosing apr ident. how do you force action if it's not a top priority for people? >> well, actually, it is actually becoming a top priority. actually, there was a poll in iowa showing this was the top priority for democrac voters, certainly, now tied with health care. and this is changing in the b american publcause we are witnessing paradise, paul,
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burning down to the foundations. we're seeing the floods in nebraska, missouri and iowa that are just historic. we're now seeing smoke in seattle, washington, and washington, where we've hado t close swimming pools because of smoke from raging wildfires. this is changing. rst generationf to feel the sting of climate change, and weert last generation who can do somethingk about it, and now we can build clean-energy jobs, too. >> woodruff: you've been talking about this issue for a what, well ov decade. >> yes, or two. >> woodruff: or two. there are progressive democrats t there talking abou it, too. they put out something callee the greenw deal. what are the main differences between and you other democrats on this issue of cimate change? >> well, the first-- and it is a profound diffence-- i am the only candidate who has said very forcefully and vocally that this-- defeating climate change has to be the number one priority of the united states. and i believe it has to be the
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first, foremost, and paramount tion of the united state i'm the only candidate who has made that prioritdecision. that's just the start of the differences. second, i've been doing things 20 getting things done for years on this, where the other e not.ates h so there are profound differences. >> woodruff: what about the role of the federal government? i mean, in order to get something done fast, you're talking about government intervention.e how would you he government in a way that the other candidates wouldn't, do you think? i well, i've had succe my state. i think the difference has been, as a governor, i've had scfer experience getting things done in washington, bui $lding a6 billion wind industry, electrifying our traionsport system, soon, hopefully, to have 100% law on the books for clean goectricity. so i've actuallthings done, rather than just speechify about it, number one.d, umber two, look, if this an not job one, it won't get done. as a governor, i've learned prioritization is the first
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choice to governance to choose. at choice.th i believe america is ready for this. an>> woodruff: you're talking a lot about climate change, but, clearly, there are other issues as well on votes' minds. what are the main differences you see between yourself and th other candidates? if i ask you to put yourself on the spectrum between t democratic socialist in this case to the most moderate, whre is governor jay inslee? >> there are other good candidates in the race. i think they'll all make fine vicvice presidents. i've been an executive, and being an executive is a leadership skill set that i have developed that has ben important. and we have developed the number one economy in the united states. we have the most rapid g.d.p. growth, wage growth-- >> woodruff: in washington. >> in washington state. and the reason we ha been able do that is i have succeeded in actually having action rather than just action plans. so we've got the best-paid family leave for t families united states. one of the best minimum wages.
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i've pasd the first net neutrality statute in the united states. we've passed the best-- maybe tied with california-- best voting rights bills in thea united s. we've passed the biggest transportation package, perhaps, in our state's history. they can't build a bird box here in d.c. so we have a recorof accomplishment that is, i believe, unparalleled and iique in theld. and i'm happy to join that with a vision statement of building a clean energy economy. >> woodruff: a number of the issuesiment to ask you about, but one of them, of course, is taxation. you have other democrats out in this campaign season talkinge about taxing wealthiest americans, basically going after billionaires and their sav others are talking about changing the federal estate tax. noncandidateamiche alcindor, she's not running under president but she's talkingta about that would scialgly go back to the 70% rate on individuals. where do you come down on all of
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this >> well, i think where we should start is be fair to american taxpayers and nreel back in the $20 billion-pluof subsidies to the fossil fuel industry. look, we shell out billions dollars of tax benefits to the fossil fuel industry, who does not need. t. right now,t very time we're trying to reduce pollution, that's a place to start. we know we need to roll back the trump tax cuts. and we know in general w fshould haver tax system for work people. that's why i am proposing a capital gains tax in my state because we need a fair system to end inequality. we need a middle-out stategy to build a middle-out economy, rather wnan trickle d. that's important issue. >> woodruff: you're not calling for some big increase in the top individual rat te marginal rate. es i think looking at our rat is a rational thing to do. i haven't propose aid specific rate. but i think vague more
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progressive system, which you can acquire n multiple ways, one of which is to increase th marginal tax rates. i'm certainly open that. reel back the inordinate tax breaks we're giving to fossil fuelompanies and rel back the trump tax cuts. >> woodruffanother issue that has come up has to do with paying reparations to descendants of africanricans who came to this country as slaves. sometif your democ opponents are saying they are flat-out for this or they're prared to take a look at it, for cash payments, or maybe something different. how do y >> well, i think that we have a history in this country that we need to remedy. and i think we should look at the things that have thep broadestications to do that. and the kind of things we should do think should fcus on ending intergenerational poverty. this has been a pernicious result of racial disparities for a long time in our society.
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that's why i've been so focused on increasing early childhood education, being in a zip code should not be your destiny in poverty. it's why i've had such diversity in my people i have hired. it's why i've offered pardonso people because the drug war hast re in significant racial disparities. so i think a lot of these thingn thatnd the pernicious effects of decades of racial disparities are t things we ought to be phoenixed on, and i think they will have broad suppt of the american pople. that's direction i want to go. >> woodruff: governor jay ,inslee, washington sta running for the democratic nomination, thank you. >> thank you. >> woodruff: as esident trump continues his efforts to fund a wall, some sections of thern soutorder are already seeing improvements from
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previous government funding. angela kocherga of the "albuquerque journal" reports from el paso, texas, whe upgrades are nearly complete. >> reporter: just a few blocks south of downtown el paso, construction crews are busy replacing 20 miles of old chain- link and wire mesh fencing with a new bollard style barrier. >> at least 18 feet high, it's concrete inside with steel, with rebar running up the middle. there's a five foot anti-climb plate at the top. it's buried six feet into the ground with anher two feet of concrete underneath that. >> reporter: epaso sector border patrol chief aaron hull says a physical barrier is critical in this urban area to prevent people from illegallyng crosnd escaping into busy city streets.ry >> it's a olid structure but it enables us to see through it so we can see what's going on the south rede and be able t.
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>> reporter: the money upgrade the structure between el pa, texas and ciudad juare mexico was approved by congress he the 201homeland security budget, before turrent fight over funding president trump's wall. >> the is no invasion here. this is our home. >> reporter: historian david romo, who grew up in el paso, believes the border he has become a victim of politics. >> listen to the voices of the people from here, the border residents themselves. i think they'rgoing to tell you an entirely different story, perspective than what you're hearing from people in washington, d.c. >> reporter: the first call for a wall between el paso and ciudad juarez was more than one hundred years ago, to keep chinese immigrants from coming across the border. >> and it was the same kind of narrive that they were here steal our jobs. that they we bringing in drugs, opium, the same kind of
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>> reporter: there has been some sort of fencing between el paso and ciudad juarez for decades. during the george w. bush administration, congress approved stronger barriers alo y stretches of borderland that were busy illegal crossing. po in the historic chihuahuita neighborhood of el paso near the rio grande, the tall borderky barrier is a bd fence for some homes. 60-yea has lived here her entire life and says the fence has made a difference. >> when we didn't have the fence it was a free for all coming in and out. not ly people. they would bringn, smuggle in kids, they would bring in drugs. >> reporter: today there are far fewer illegal crossings in this area of downtown el paso. occasionally people climb over the fence leaving behind evidencecoats or jackets on top, used to protect their
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hands.t erall, illegal immigration has plummeted to a historic low. >> there's already a wall so i don't see the issue. i guess a lot of people from other parts of the u.s. they don't know howere live here. s already a lot of security. >> reporter: on a sunnyaf rnoon in el paso, just a few blocks from the international bridge, the hernandez sisters and a friend walked their dogs they're concern about the president's portrayal of the border as a dangerous place. >> this is a really safe city and it makes you feel unsafe somehow, all that wire they put there.it ust looks horrible. it's like, it's threatening and an issue that's not threatening us here. >> reporter: u.s. customs and bord protection recently add new razor wire at international
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bridges toeep crowds of asylum seekers and other migrants fro"" overrunning" legal ports of entrin el paso. humberto porras questions the presidt's need to declare an emergency on the border to build a wall. >> since he set a precedent for using it for that, democrats can also use it to push gun control policies. i think he set the bar pretty low. >> reporter: this the point where new construction to extended the existing border wall comes to an end. there you can see thandy style vehicle barriers. it's also thdividing line between those who are in favor of a big barrier and those who believe there are other ways to secure the border. >> no wall is going to stop everybodfrom crossing the border illegally. no kind of barrier is ever going to do that.it not intended to do that. it's intended to discourage them, to make it more difficult. >> reporter: border patrol chief hull admits the wall is one component in the border security
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strategy. >> the wall is a key part of our border security posture but its only part of it. our greatest resource are our agents. they always have been and always will be. >> reporter: this show of force at the border barrier just westr of el paently was part of a series of exercises designed to demonstrate border patrol agents readiness the goal: discourage illegal border crossings aa growing number of migrants from other countries wait in mexico. most are families and unaccompanied minors from central america who turn themselves in to border patrol agents. the vast majority are seeking asylum, a legal ocess. between october and january ents took more than 25 thousand central american parents with children into
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custody in the el paso sector alone, which includes all of new mexico. el pasoan david romo is critical of the ramped up border security response. >> i feel very, very safe. i feel more under threat from the extreme militarization. >> reporter: now as president trump and congress cver the national emergency declaration and a legal challenge looms, many those living on the border worry they're caught in the middle of the lingering wall or nothing fight. for the pbs newshour, angela kocherga in el paso, texas. >> woodruff: and that's the newshour for tonight. i'm judy woodruff.u thank d see you soon. >> major funding for the pbs nehour has been provided b ♪ ♪
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moving our economy for 160 years. bnsf, the engine that connects us. >> babbel. a language appalhat teaches ife conversations in a new ndnguage, like spanish, french, german, italian, a more.
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>> the lemelson foundation. committed to improving lives through invention. in the u.s. and developing countries. on the web at lemelson.org. >> supported by the john d. and catherine t. macarthur foundation. committed to building a more just, verdant and peac world. more information at macfound.org >> and with the ongoing support of these institutions >> this program was made possible by the corporation for public broadcastg. and by contributions to your pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc captioned by media access group at wgbh access.wgbh.org
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