tv BBC World News America PBS March 21, 2019 5:30pm-6:00pm PDT
♪ [applause] jane: this is bbc world news america. from washington, i am o'brien. the talks are down to the wire in brussels. with 8 days to go, a delay to brexit may be on the table but there is a short if attached. >> the bill will give parliament time to consider the results of the referendum. ngjane: new zealand is ban assault rifles in the wake of attacks onwo mosques in christchurch. she has taken american politics by storm, but can alexandria ocasio-cortez turn enthusiasm into action? ♪
jane:me welo our viewers on public television in america and loaround the. it looks like it's going to be a long night in brussels. there has been talks of an extension to the march 31li de but only if the prime -- march 29 deadline, but only if the prime minister can get her plan through parliament. the bbc's political editor laurr kingsburg stts our coverage. laura: this could have been here last lap of thcarpet, the final summit before next week's planned goodbye. instead, theresa may appeared to ask r a pause to delay. p.m. may: a short extension would give parliament time to
make a final choice that delivers on the results of the referendum. >> what if it fails? p.m. may: what matters is that we recognize that brexit is the decision of the british people. we need to deliver on that. we are nearly three years on from the original vote. laura: it sounds so simple. the prime minister asking for more time but bi it is anything but. she is struggling with disbelief here and frustration and resentment at home. not her. eu's call, if mp's satoye the deal, might be fine. but rely on that? not yet. >> [inaudible]s >> we can disc extension if it is a technical extension in case of a yes vote on the negotiatn -- agreement we negotiated during two years. in case of a no vote, directly,
it will guide everybody to a no dealption. >> we have the speaker saying he doesn't want a new vote, young claude juncker saying he doesn't junckerjean claude saying he doesn't want a new deal. we are trying to find a solution. >> it's not her mistake that we are where we are. too many pple have played party politics on this issue. my hope is that the u.k. parliament will doinhe sensible and vote yes. >> there is huge resistance to the deal that has been voted down twice. for those who want a referendumn d those in brussels. some of the support that was there for the deal is now slipping away. >> there are those who moved
opposition to a vote for the deal, who are now saying everything is back oe table. the situation has changed. the prime minister has asked for a delay. many of us do not want a delay. we went to keep our word. >> there was outrage after the prim finger at parliament. upsetting those she needs on side. >> all of you are doing your ndst. this should not beill not prove to be a matter of any controversy whatsoever. >> there is no escape from the controversy. brexit is of the greatest importance and the greatest sources of division. for the labour leadersa shadow division. >> we are looking for alternatives and to build a majority in parliament that can agree on a fute constructed -- constructive economic relationship with the european union. we have been discuing how this could come about and we have
been trying to reach out here. laura: easier than it sounds. after three years of this, the f prime ministerinally looks like she is among friends, but t the scale political challenge is a clear and urgent foe. jane: a brief time ago i spoke with amanda slope, senior fellow at the brookings institution. . . as the leaders debate this exnsion, what are they mos worried about? >> they are most concerned about the fact that there is still no clarity how theresa may will get a deal through parliament. the inial expectation going into today's meeting is that there would be a short, technical tension. contingent on her getting the deal t week.parliament next given the reality that it is unlikely for her to get the deal through parliament, leaders don't want an emergey
summit next week to work outot r delay before the deadline, which is why they are looking at the possibility of a longer extension into may. jane: what would that do? amanda: it would essentially kick the cliff edge from march 29 to may. it would provide more time foret theresa may toer vote through parliament, but there is no majority in parliament for any form of deal. once you remove the cliff edge, it removes some of the immediate urgency to ratify a deal. jane: so without majority, the deal can't go through. what happens then? is it just brexit on march 29? amanda: i think it is unlikely we will see a hard brexit on march 29. parliament has cast a symbolic vote saying they don that.pport i don't think eu leaders want
that. i think there will be some sort of extension, but it doesn't mean we won't be in the same position several weeks from nown wideal. one possibility is it could allow some time to have a more managed hard exit? >> how much is her job tied to the outcome of next week's vote? assuming the speaker allows a vote. amanda: i thk it is likely that the speaker would allow the vote to happen. he is not looking to obstruct the will of parliament and could make the argument that, given these conversations this week, the would be some change i circumstances. even if there isn't a specific change in the deal. we are also likely to see more amendments being introduced by individual members of parliament. calling for more indicative votes or a morconfirmatory referendum. saying we will pass m's deal
if it can go to referendum. there is also questions about may's future. she won a vote of no-confidence from her party in dember. they cannot challenge yer for anothe, but there could be esre from within her cabinet and the opposition leader could call a vote of no-confidencen her government. jane: amanda, thank you for joining me. . new zealand will ban all types of semiautomatic weapons andas ult rifles following the attacks on two mosques in christchurch.e ime minister made the announcement less than a week after 50 people were killed and many more injured. the suspect is thought to have modified his weapons to hold more bullets. fromhristchurch, rupert hayes reports. rupert new zealand's prime : minist moved swiftly and decisively to outlaw the types of weapons used to slaughter 50 muslim worshipers in christchurch.
>> the guns used in this distinguishingad features, first the capacity and the delivery. they had the capacity to shoot , continuousey also had large capacity magazines. rupert: this official showed me how the current new zealand gun laws allowed the chrkitchurch er to acquire weapons that killed so many people. >> the same basic firearm without thees fnding pistol grip with a small capacity magazine, this is a 5-round,s classed as a standard firearm. by fitting a high-capacity magazine to this firearm, i have created a weapon or a rifle that can have a 20-round or 30-round magazine. rupert: that is with the shooter did?
he bought one of these and put it in one oflyhese? >> exa he purchased or procwhed from somee a high-capacity magazine and fitted it illegally to a standard category firearm. rupert: is is one of the legally purchased guns used in the christchurch attack, and the high-capacity magazines that the killer purchased separately. on his farm north of the new zealand capital in wellington, john hart saw those pictures and made an immediate decion. >> the weapon i have will be taken out circulation until it is destroyed. >> for me, it is not about demonizing the legal gunowners. they may feethreatened by this. it is about removing a class of weapon that could enable this to happen again. that is something we have to come together as a country about. back in his gun shop, wayne chapman accepts that change is coming.
hope in the shooting community is that people who understand firearms and are n volved in the community are involved ie discussion. rupert: unlike in the united states, wayne says new zealanders see gun ownership as privilege and not a right. when the new law passes, he will hand in any of his weapons thatt doomply. jane: let's have a look at the da 's other news. more than 70 people died in iraq ask about worst transport accident in decades. the ferry was packed with families celebrate in the kurdish new year. brazil,er president of michel temer, has been arrested on charges of corruption.
mr. temer denies any wrongdoing. now to politics in the u.s.. setident trump appears to again foign by tweeting. after 52 years, it is time for america to recognize israel as a israel's sovereignty over golan heights. that is being seen as a win for benjamin netanyahu, who is facing a tough reelection and will be at the white house next week. molarre on that and the investigation, i s ake a brief ti with ron christie, former advisor to george w. bush. how should the policy tweets bei ed? very often either the president or someone in his administration has to walk them back. ron: i think these are very aspirational tweet. this is what he would like the policy to be but we are banned
by the united nations. this runs afoul of the t.n. resolutit has been passed. yes, israel anexxed the south niter the war and have taken it since 1981 but thed states has been careful not to tread on this. if i'm vladimir putin, i might say, if israel gets the golan heights, i have the go-ahead to take crimea. if i'm netanyahu, iight say that the president of the united states haswitched after 52 years of policy and is giving me a shot in the arfrom a political standpoint. for the israeli prime minister, he is looking at this as a fait a compli. the united states congress will be hearing on this issue shortly. . jane: ump said yesterday that he doesn't care if the mueller investigation is made public. what could hdo to stop it? ron: the president of the united
states has the ability to exertx utive privilege. in other words, there are privileged communications between him and s aides to develop policy. he could look at the mueller report and say, this is confidential, this is privileged. therefore, i will redact that. the mueller report could come out, but if the president decides to exert privilege, he could black the whole thing out. s?ne: the political consequences would be outrage ron: huge. we saw this in the supreme court pth richard nixon when he tried to exert executivilege, and that got many in congress to say, maybe impeachment is the right thinto do because the president is trying to hide behind executive privilege. jane: what can we expect when
the report comes out? ron: after spending two years and several million dollars, robert mueller will be looking at ways to say that the trump administrati and or its closest associatesave come close to russia. we don't know the extent. it will give congress the opportunity to look further. this could put a cloudver the administration heading into the president's reelection bid. if i'm donald trump, anticipate it is not going to be good news. jane: more than people have -- jane: still to come on tonight-esque above program, it is all the news that is fit to print but sometimes stories the new york times need legal help. will talk to the man wh makes it happen. most a week after the tropical cyclone swept through southern afca, a few -- rescue l ams
are stilstruggling to meet -- to reach survivors. hundreds of thousands in the region are in need of urgent food assistance. . in mozambique, it covered 3000 square kilom oers. hundredsf thousands are in need of urgent food assistance. they have now launched an appeal to get to those most in need. >> in every community that we pass, we see the same --desperate families searching for the missing. >> i'm t even sure if anything will come out of this. i didn't want to come back again today but my heart is sore. i had to come back to look for him. found another place, w this father looking for his two children. m with hisking for t bare hands. >> i am about to cry. even finding them dead is better so that i can bury them nicely.
my heart is failing and my eyesr full of tears. >> in this part, you can see the full extent of the devastation and it stretches for miles. the people tell me that on friday night, there was a deadly mixture of rain, wind and granite boulders that me raining down on the homes taking away their loved ones. one search party has found the remains of a child. many more remain buried under the boulders a small road has been opened so equipment can get into the area. some of the people say that they want food and water. above all, they want to find the missing.
bylineou won't see his pon the froe of the new york times,. but he is the secret weapon .behind every sto david mcgraw argues for access to government secrets throughco tht, checks articles for liable, and receives email from people who might not like what they read. he has released a new memoirn called truthr times, and he joined me earlier to discuss freedom of press dure trump era. david, thank you for joining me. as a lawyer, what is the biggest reat to the press? david: there are a lot. we could talk about security or how the president ranting about how to change the liable laws or ntpress conferences turned reality tv. the thing i focus on in the book is this constant drumbeat of fake news and enemies of the people. i think that is an attempt to delegitimize the press. it doesn't matter how free the
it is not believed, it can't move public opinion. interestingly enough, the trump effect has forced me into the type of rolee doing today, to speak about these issues, to start a public conversation. it is not so much about channg the law. i don't think the law will change. i just think that it is so well established here.t the fiendment. i am concerned about this ideaws that fake s actually working. it sounds like the search for truth but it is the opposite, it is an imitation to label and dismiss. we need a public that is discerning, that is asking hard questions, that is going to look at a lot of sources. that is what i am here to advocate for. jane: how do you do that when the'jority of americans don' read a newspaper? david: it begins much earlier.
somebo wrote me a note saying why aren't you writing a young adult book? i am barely able to write an adult book, but she is right, education is crucial. r ntinuing to talk about fake news is crucial urnalists. for those of us on the corporate and legal side, we have to be talking to as many people as we can about it. there isn't going to be an easy solution. getting to this problem took a long time. ne you have had to face challenges from the president himsel what is that like? do you get intimidated? david i am fortunate to work for : a company who has taken the t positit we are not going to settle libel cases for money in the united states. i don't have to worry about spending too much or should weba settle o down. that gives me courage to keep going. at the same time, most of the people who write to me are not big shots who are trying to
intimidate. they are people who have what they think is a legitimate beef with the press. i should hear them out. if we have got something wrong, we should correct it. the paper really believes in that andhat is what we do. when it looks to me as a matter of intimidating, we have to respond in kind. jane: thank you for joining me. she is often seeas a hero for the left and a villain to the right but one thing is for sure, alexandria ocasio-cortez has made an impression on american politics. the 29-year-old was elected in a democratic wave th ushered in a number of female freshmen. her social media following is e vy of most celebrities, but with that fame comes scrutiny. charlotte sat down with the congresswoman for a wide-ranging interview for this week ask about cover story and spoke to
her short time ago. charlotte, thank you for joining me. you describe her as the wonder woman of the left and the wicke wi the right. how does she see herself? hacharlotte: i thinkshe sees herself as a 29-year-old womanst doing her beo do a good job. this is her first big,s dgh-stab. she is trying tobest by her constituents. she thinks of herself as a humanist trying to get it done. jane: she is also responsible for pulling her party to the left. how much of a liability is her fame for the democratic party? charlotte: what people forget when they talk about this is she isn't the president, she's not ru'ing for president, she 't the speaker of the house, she has no official leadership position in her party. she just has a rhetorically powerful position. she is essentially an acvist with a congressional pin. she is pulling her colleagues to the left by expanding the
parameters of debate, by introducing bold ideas that they have to sign onto or explain why they haven't. some of her colleagues are nervous about a primary challenge from the left, some of her allies may consider doing, though she has tried distance herself, but it alsono very hard for her moderate or conservative colleagues to go back to their constituents and say, listen, we are both members of congress, i don't take orders from her, i work for you. jane: it is an interesting you say that she represents the point. cs of the possible, not the practical. how much change can she make? charlotte: this is a great question. the answer depends on the timeframe. in the next two years, is there going to be medicare for all and a green new deal?
no. that isn't going to happen with republicans in control of the white house and the senate. y look at her ideas on a 10 year timeframe, it is possible that democrats might see some serious traction on those issues. this is what i mean by she is more of an activist than a statesman and i don't mean thatp inorative way.us she is f on expanding the realm of possibility, not necessarily on working within what is politically possible in this exact moment. jane: thank you for joining me. charlotte: thank you for joining me. jane: she is a real conundrum for the democratic party. can she harness all of that energy? to see what we aan working on at
time, check us out on twitter. i am jane o'brien. thank youor fatching bbc world news america. ♪ with t news app, our vertical videos are made just for you can keep up with the sadist -- with the latest headlines. download it now from selected app stores. >> funding of this presepoation is madible by the freeman foundation and the kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. ♪ >> possibilities. your day is filled with them.s pbhelps everyone discover
captioning sponsored by inewshour product, llc f: >> woodrood evening. i'm judy woodruff. on the newshour tonight: president trump signs an executive order tying university research grants to campus free speech protections. then, a shift in decades of american policy in the middle ea. the president says the u.s. will recognizisraeli sovereignty over the golan heights, one of the world's most disputed territories. plus, a culinary guide to the persian new year. an iranian chef on how food can help usher in spring. >> for the last 35 years, i cooked outside of iran. but i had this fantastic dream to go back to iran. i want to cook with the cooks.sh i want to e tables. >> woodruff: all that and more,