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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  April 2, 2019 2:30pm-3:01pm PDT

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>> this is "bbc world news america." y> funding of this presentation is made possible the freeman foundation, and judy and peter blum-kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. >> wow, that is believable. ♪ >> i'm flying! ♪
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>> stay curious. ♪ [applause] >> and now, "bbc world news." s laura: t "bbc world news america." reporting from washington, i am laura trevelyan. britln's prime minister w ask the eu to postpone brexit yet again as she calls for tks with the labor leader in a sign of last-minuteompromise. prime min. may: this debate, this division cannot drag on much longer. it is putting members of parliament and everyone else under immense pressure and it is doing damage to our politics. laura: tempers and subpoenas fly in congress as democrats pressure the white house on why they gave security clearanc0 more thaeople with question marks. plus, capturing the moon in art.
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a new exhibit highlights paintings celebrating the lunar surface. laura: welcome to our viewers on public television here in america and around the glo. britain's prime minister tried to avoid a chaotic exit from europe today. she will ask the eu for anotr delay to brexit. as theresa may tries to find the compromise, she is up for talks with labor leader jeremy corbyn. mrs. may says her own agreement remains part of any brexit deal though it has been rejected by mps three times now. deputy political john pienaar ils been following it all. john: after two attempts at brexit and a big split in cabinet, the prime minister finally felt forced to consider compromise. her announcement in downing stet a dramatic change of direction. prime min. may: i know there are
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some who are so fed up with delay that they would like to leave with no deal next week. i have alws been clear that we make a success of no deal in the ngerm, but leaving with a deal is the best solution. so we will need a further extension of article 50, one that is as short as possib, and which ends when we pass a deal. opm offering to sit down with the leader of thsition and to try to agree on a plan that we would both stick to to ensurv that we the european union and that we do so with a deal. if we cannot agree on a single unified approach, we will agree on a number of optio the future relationship that we could put to the house in a series of votes to determine whh course to pursue. crucially, the government stands ready tobide by the decision of the house, but to make this process work, the opposition would need tagree to this, too.
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john: senior administe emerged after a grinding seven hours at the table. brexiteers did not like theresa may's plan and said so, although one more supportive of mrs. may tried to keep a lid on dissent. >> i think everyone recognizes that it would be better if we had secured support for the withdrawal last week. we now need to ensure we can get emajority for us leaving european union. john: your cabinet colleagues were very unhappy. >> i don't think any of us are happy with the situation we find ourselves in. ideally, as i mentioned, we would've had a withdrawal agreement last friday commanding a majority in the house of commons which would have allowed us to leave the european union in good order and as rapidly as possible. john: the labor leader invited now to offer his ideas for brex spelled them out.
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mr. corbynut forward proposals to ensure that there is a customs union with european union and above all, protections of standor consumers, environment, and workers' rights. we will ensure those are there on the table so there is no danger of crashing out. john: but at westminster, most mps lean towards the so-called softer brexit, potenti closer to the eu than that on offer by mrs. may. conservative brexiteers are angry, and the thought of builng bridges with jeremy corbyn has gone down badly, especially with one who is a likely contender for mrs. may's job. >> the result will be if corbyn gets his way that we rem the customs union so that we cannot control our trade policy, huge areas of lawmaking we cannot control, and brexit is becoming soft to the point of disintegration. john: a prominent brexit supporter put it more bluntly.e >> to allow bour party to
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run brexit, to decide you would rather be supported by marxists is unwise. john: senior mps who have been pushing for compromise have welcomed the possibility of brexit by consensus, but were not taking it on trust. >> after.75 years, she now says she wants to reach out. but we have been here before and the net result was the prime minister listened politely but her mind remained closed. she really needs to give rliament an indication that she is willing to move. john: brexit has strained trust in politics and toward t fabric of labor and the choice. the aabric ofn labo the tories. mrs. may has accelerated a reckoning in her party that may have been unavoidable. her talks with jeremy corbyn possible.any consensus the eu will then decide whether to grant britain a brexit delay. if mrs. may does buy more time, it will be used by her critics and potential successors who are oking to end her time in number 10 and carry on brexit under new management. john pienaar, bbc news, downing
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street. brexit is not just about the other 27 members of the eu have to agree, too. president macron of france declared that while the eu waswi ing to help mrs. may, the union could not be held hostage to what he called the political crisis in the u.k.co katya adlers this part of the story from brussels. katya: compared to the cacophony ofnpredictable politics in
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westminster these days, eu brexit meetings are carefully choreographed and determinedly on message. the threat of no deal was once used by the eu and u.kg as a negotiatctic. now the eu's chief negotiator says ongoing discord in parliament means a disorderly exit is more likely by the day. by repeating that message over and over, he hopes mps will listen. >> so, no deal wre never our deor intended scenario. no deal was never my desired or intended scenario. but the eu27 is now prepared. katya: but are they? the french president is one of many eu leaders concerned about plans for the irish border in case of a no-deal brexit. s words to the irish pri minister today were ones of unquestioning solidarity to dublin and t good friday agreement. but listen to this. pres. macron: our priority must be to protect the european union and the single market. the eu cannot be forever hostage to a political crisis in the k.
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katya: no surprise that ireland is one of the eu countries most keen to allow mps time to unite around a brexit plan. >> there is still time for the h ime minister to come to the european council woposals, proposals that are credible and have a clear pathway to success. katya: eu responses were swift angenerally positive. this tweet from the president of the european council. eu leaders still expect a clear plan from the prime minister in brexitr their emergen summit in brussels next week. nothing changed there. barbara:ut but the mooght is a little lighter. a laura: kater reporting. there is a big row in washington as the trump administration is accused of granting security clearanc to people who had been turned down because of concerns about their foreign contacts or conflict of
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interest. now a house panel had to subpoena the former director of peeonnel security at the wh house to find out more. this follows a whistleblower telling congress that the administration overturned 25 security clearance denials. today"ollins of "usa ined me a short time ago who are the white house officials that congress is most interested in when it comes to security clearances? eliza: they arey vterested in all 25 of them but the names we are interested in in particular is jared kushner, ivanka trump, the president's daughter and son-in-law, speciao ad. for a long time they said they went through the regular procesy the sames everybody else, but now there are concerns about that process for 25 people. laura: how much of a knock-down, drag-out fight is thng to be between congress and the white house? you have congress issuing these subpoenas, put the white house
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says security clearances have nothing to do with the lawmakers. eliza: drag-out fight.ck-down there is one person they said they would subpoena who on monday said he would come in, and that as someone involved in the process. they may get some people like that, but do not expect to see the high-profile names going easily. republicans point outhat when obama was in office, members of his cabinet avoided subpoenas. they are not going to be sending folks over very quickly. laura: do we know what their concerns were that were flagged itin the sec clearance process? eliza: i think it is that they were told they should not getty seculearances and then they were overruled. this whistleblower is saying that as part of the process there was oveuling despite going through the process and that tse people should not have had as high security n.earances as they were gi laura: the president was talking about the question of the u.s.-mexico border and whether there has been a surge in migrts.
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the president has been threatening to close t border, and here was what he said today. pres. trump: our system is absolutely maxed out. and border patrol has done a -- an incredible job, but the system is maxed out. weill have a strong border or a closed border. i am totally prepared to do it. we are goingwh to se happens the next few days. laura: the president is insisting he would shut the border if necessary, but how ch pushback is he getting from congress? eliza: it's interesting, i waslk g to republican lawmakers about this, and they were very dismissive. they did not seem to think thisa was a real t they were not necessarily ndshing back on the president, but republicans o take an approach with trump where they don'take him seriously until they have to. he does change his mind often. i asked senator marco rubio if he supported the president shutting down the government, and senator rubio said, "what do you me -- i mean, not shut down the government, there was a
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month ago -- "shut down the border," and he said, "what do you mean, shut dn the border?" the president seems to be clear about it. there are reports he will go to the border on friday, but the ite house says he does n have a timeline for closing it. is there concern in the white use about what he does mean? eliza: i imagine so. the president gets in front of visitors and then people scramble -- in front of messages and then people scramble to keep up with proposals or talk him wn. i think there is a little bit of bou . i imagine ar from some of these republicans that don't want to publicly criticize the president that they are back-channeling that this would be a bad idea. lrder states, arizona, texas, there are republicmakers right on the border who it would hurt their economies. laura: eliza collins, thank you for joining us. eliza: thank you. laura: in other news from around the world, algerian state media says abdelaziz bouteflika has stepped down as president following weeks of protests.
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army chiefs called the 82-year-old incapable of carrying out h duties. mr. bouteflika has been in power for 20 years but has rarely been in public since suffering a stroke six years ago. at least people have been killed 47 in flash floods in iran, leading authorities an of the -- announced state of emergency in several provinces. tens of thousands of people have been forced flee the homes following the heaviest rainfall in a decade. turkey's governing party is officially challenging the results of sunday's local election in istanbul. the opposition claimed victory by 25,000ty votes in the ci partyent erdogan's leges irregularities and is challenging the results. the opposition condemned the f move, accusing the akpying to still about -steal the vote. after almost 18 years of bloodshed, could the latest round of peace talks hing an end to the war in afghanistan? the u.s. special envoy is in kabul meeting government
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officials ahead of a new round of talks expected in april. the southern province of helmand has the strongest taliban presence in afghanistan. lyse doucet has been in the stronghold to ask afghans what they think of the possible return of the taliban as part of a peace deal. lyse: every afghan family has a story of loss. for him, every wave of sadne breaks over another. i he lost two sotwo u.s. airstrikes. a third son shot dead by the taliban. a fourth killed the same way, on his way to the funeral. a young widow still clin sadness, a father full of anger. >> it is impossible. talking to the tiban is impossible.
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they don't know the meaning of peace. over there they are talking about peace, and here they fighting. lyse: it feels peaceful in lashkar gah, capital of helmand, a conservative southern province. safe enough even to build. there is money in this war ugonomy, lots of it, from smuggling and the trade. afghan government forces secure e city. british troops were once based herest the u.s. arml battles in a province mostly in taliban hands. the edge of the city, a front line just mohs ago. the taliban are just a short drive from here. we were told to leave quickly. stay, the more
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people started appearing on ycrooftops, motos driving by. we were being watched. we are told it wasn'r t safe. you know who is who, and the taliban aren't far away. a day later, right in the center of the city, a farmer's fair shattered. dozens of afghans injured or dead. small signs of lht and hope. girls at school, some for the first time. >> in the future i want to be someone, either a teacher or a i have to solve the country. there were no schools because of the fighting, but now i'm very happy that i can come to school. lyse: forbidding girls'wa educatioone of the worst abuses of taliban rule.re
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now some chiare in school where it is safe, even in some taliban areas. in conservative rural ghanistan, security, jobs matter most. the start of peace talks bring ends,but until the war most dreams are on hold. lyseoucet, bbc news. laura: you are watching "bbc world news america." still to come on tonight's program' nato' secretary-general comes calling ouat the white h as president trump p demands members their share. it is a radical you simple idea to end homelessness -- give permanent homes to people who need them without conditions.
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finland has been doing this for a decade. this report om helsinki. 15.hen i was he was homeless for 20 years, but five years ago he was given this flat for the rest ofis life. what difference has it may to your life having a home that you ican sta forever? >> i don't doubt so much. reporter: do you still? >> sometimes. a lotess. reporter: this is finland's approach to homelessns, give them a home straight away with no strings attached, and letr them tackle otsues in their life. while homelessness is rising on everywhere in europe, in finland it is falling.
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last year they noticed a problem -- female homelessness had gone out. >> the personal histories of homeless women are different from homeless men. ere can be domestic violence, mental health, etc. you have to make tailor-made t.supp now the government's cus is on providing home especially for women, and this is one example, two thousand flatse where women can l together. i worked in the street. reporter: what was that like? [laughter] reporter: if anything, this proves there is a differngt way of helhe homeless which the rest of the world is waking up to. bbc news, helsinki.
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laura: this week nato will celebrate the 70th birthday of the alliance in washington, d.c. 29 foreign ministers will gather, and the secretary-general will address a joint session of congress. but first jens stoltenberg was at the white house today as president trump again pressed member countries to live up to their financial obligations. a brief time ago i discussed the meeting wh our state department correspondent barbara plett-usher. the president is one of the strongest critics of nato. how are he and the secretary-general going to paper over the cracks? barbara: yes, he sees nato members as freeloaders who are benefiting from the american defense brella without paying their fair share. mr. stoltenberg's apoach is to praise him for adding urgency to what is a realssue, that many not meetings a t-- lup to meetir
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targets, and now there's millions more so stoltenbergcr its trump for that in this shows the strength of the alliance. but leaders are concerned about mr. trump's scathing critia:sms. lahat does it say that jens stoltenberg has been invited to address a joint session of congress by lawmakers? do they see nato differently to the president? barbara: certainly completely different from the president, and it is a bipartisan view. there is orthodoxy on the hill that americans are stronger in nato than outside of it and ere is a concern that th president just does't get that. i was in a committee meeting ost week when the secreta state was grilled by lawmakers on the issue and they were clearly quite concerned, and one of them raed deep concerns he heard from european officials. laura: president trump has called members o nato delinquents and once said the alliance was obsolete. he walked that back. what impact is that having? barbara: this issue of money has
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dmbeen with otheristrations as well, and it should be said that american actions are strongly in support of neo. issue is that you never before had an american president who questioned the value of the alliance, and he has in way questioned the u.s. commitment to the mutual defense pact, article five, and thats the core of the alliance. laura: the u.s. has increased o spendinato, hasn't it? barbara: well, it has increased spending on the east towards russia, so the actions show that the americans are committed. but the president is the head of that. one comment i read said that if nato is as good as the belief, the u.s. president would go to war in defense of europe the question of american leadership is a big deal for many europeans. laura: barbara plett-usher, thanks so much for joining us. for centuriethe moon has been a source of fascination and inspiration fopoets and artists alike. to mark 50 years since man stepped on the loose sur surface, new york's
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hudson river museum is hosting w n how our nearest neighbor has been portrayed in art. ure bbc went on a to with the chief curator. >> the moon is never there by accident. if it is there, it is a thoughtful thing that the artist has done. we all have a romantic notion of the moon. you see a moon there, all of a sudden you might ask yourself some questions like at are they thinking, do they want a source of light to the landscape or am i supposed to think it is midnight, and i supposed to think it is a certain time of year, time of night. here we have one of the most the show paintings i and best-known paintings we have in theio exhib norman rockwell's "boy and girl gazing at the moon." so called "puppy love" because
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the d cute little pup in it. it is such a romantic view of a little boy and girl out fishing who stopped to gaze at the moon. 40 years after he painted "puppy love," nasa hired norman rockwell to champion the spaceth program along ther artists. this is a view he painted three years before they landed on the moon. he went acwn to nasa and ally saw models of the moon and models of the lunar lander and even painted what he thought the rth would look like when they were on the moon. we are all part of one big planet. no matter where you are in the world, you look up and see the moon. it reminds us to care for the earth and ourselves, and so i ifyingit can be a thing. more, as people build ro and people have pictures showing what it looks like, did people feel less romantic? i think we feel as romantic about the moon as ev
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laura:he appeal of the moon. i am laura trevelyan. thks for watchg "world news erica." >> with the bbc news app, our ve tical videos are designed work around your lifestyle, so you can swipe your way through the news of the day and stay up-to-te with the latest headlines u can trust. download now from selected app stores. >> funding of this presentation is made poible by the freeman foundation, and judy and peter blum-kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected need >> what are you doing? >> possibilities. your day is filled with them. >> tv, play "downton abbey."
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>> and pbs helps everyone discover theirs. anytime, anywhere. pbs. we are with you for life.ne >> "bbc worl" was presented by kcet, los angeles.
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening. i'm judy woodruff. on the newshour tonight: as the senate plans to speed up confirmation of trump administration appointments, we look at how this president ia shaping the fejudiciary. then, caught in a political storm. puerto rico is again the target he president trump's criticism, assland continues to recover from hurricane maria. and, encouragingiteracy in young children outside of the classroom, by creating reading programs at an uneected place. >> folks are here for an hour and a half, reo hours. so t time to add those interactions. and there's also a recurring elemt. chances are, the folks that are here this saturday morning, will be here next saturday morning, and the saturday morning after. >> woodruff: all that and more, on tonight's pbs newshour.

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