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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  April 2, 2019 5:30pm-6:01pm PDT

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s >> t "bbc world news america." >> funding of this presentation made possible by the freeman foundation, and judy and peter blum-kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. >> wow, that is unbelievab. ♪>> i'm flying! ♪ >> stay curious. ♪
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[applause] >> and now, "bbc world news." c laura: this is "rld news america." reporting from washington, i am laura trevelyan. britain's prime minister will ask the eu to postpone brexit yet again as she calls for talks with the labor leader in a sign of last-minute compromise. prime min. may: this debate, this division cannot drag on much longer. it is putting members of parliament and everyone elseim undense pressure and it is doing damage to our politics. laura: tempers and subpoenas fly in congress as democratshe pressurehite house on why they gave security clearance more than 20 people with question marks. plus, capturing the moon in art.
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new exhibit highlights paintings celeating the lunar surface. laura: wcome to our viewers on public television here in america and around the globe. n's prime minister tried to avoid a chaotic exit from europe today. she will ask the eu for another delay to brexit. as theresa may tries to find thh compromiseis up for talks with labor leader jeremy corbyn. mrs. may says her ownithdrawal agreement remains part of any brexit deal though it has bn rejected by mps three times now. deputy political john pienaar has been following it all. pthn: after two failed att at brexit and a big split in cabinet, the prime minister finally felt forced to consider compromise. her announcement in downing street a dramatic change of direction. prime n. may: i know there are some who are so fed up with
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delay that thewould like to leave with no deal next week. i have always been car that we make ass sucf no deal in the utlong-term,eaving with a deal is the best solution. so we will need a further extension of article 50, one that is as short as possible, and which ends when we pass a deal. i'm offering to sit down with ae leader of the oppositi to try to agree on a plan that ro would both stick to to ensure that we leave the an union and that we do so with a deal. if we cannot agree on a single unified approach, we will agree on a number of options for the future relationship that we could put to the house in series of votes to determine which course to pursue. crucially, the government stands ready to abide by the decision of the house, but to make this process work, the opposition would need to agree to this, too. john: senior administers emerged
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ter a grinding seven hours at the brexrs did not like theresa may's plan and said so, although one more supportive of mrs. may tried to keep a lid on dissent. >> i think everyone recognizes that it would be better if we had secured support for the withdrawal last week. we now need to ensure we can get a majority for us leaving the european union. john: your cabinet colleagues were very unhappy. >> i don't think any of us are happy with the situation we find ourselves in. ideally, as i mentioned, we would've had a withdrawal reent last friday commanding a majority in the house of commons which would have allowed us to leave the european union in good order and as rapidly as possible. john: the labor leader invited now to offer his ideas for brexit spelled them out.
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mr. corbyn: we put forward proposals to ensure that thereon is a customs uith european union and above all, protections of standards for consumers, environment, and workers' rights. we will ensure those are there on the table so there is no danger of crashing out. john: but at wtminster, most mps lean towards the so-called softer brexit, potentially closer to the eu than that on offer by mrs. may. conservative brexiteers are angry, and the thought of building bries with jeremy corbyn has gone down badly, especially with one who is a likely contender for mrs. may's job. >> the result will be if corbyn gets his way that we remain in the customs union so that we cannot control our trade policy, huge areas of lawmaking we cannot control, and brexit is becoming soft to the point of disintegration. john: a prominent brexit supporter put it more bluntly. >> to allow the labour party to run brexit, to decide you would
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rather be supported by marxists is unwise. john: senior mps who have been pushing for compromise have welcomed the possibility of brexit by consensus, but were not taking it on trust. >> after 2.7 years, she now says she wants to reach out. but and the net result was the prime minister listened politely but her mind remained closed. she really needs to give parliament an indication that she is willing to move. john: brexit has strained trust in polics and toward the fabric of labor and the choice. the fabric torn labour and t tories. mrs. may has accelerated a reckoning in her party that may have been unavoidable. her talks with jeremy corbyn will frame any consensus possible. the eu will then decide whether to grant britain brexit delay. if mrs. may does buy more time, it will be used by her critics and potential successors who are end her time in number 10 and carry on brexit under new management. john pienaar, bbc news, downing
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brexit is not just about what the u.k. wants. the other 27 members of the eu have to agree, too.en presmacron of france declared that while the eu was willing to help mrs. may, the union could not be held hostage to what he called the political crisis in the u.k. katya adler covers this part of the story from brussels. katya: compared to the cacophony of unpredictle politics in westminster these days, eu brexit meetings are carefully
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choreographed and determi on message. the threat of no deal was once used by the eu and u.k. as a negotiating tactic now the eu's chief negotiator says ongoing discord in parliament means a disorderly i brexmore likely by the day. by repeating that message over and over, he hopes mps will listen. >> so, no deal was neverntur desired orded scenario. no deal was never my desired or intended scenario. but the eu27 is now prepared. katya: but are they? the french president is one of many eu leaders concerned about plans for the irish border in case of a no-deal brexit. his wordto the irish prime minister today were ones of unquestioning solidarity to idayin and the good agreement. but listen to this. pres. macron: our priority must be to protect the european union and the single market. the eu cannot be forever hostage to a political crisis in the u.k. katya: no surprise that irelandu
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is one of the ountries most keen to allow mps time to unite around a brexit plan. >> there is still time for the prime minister to come to the eus,pean council with propos proposals that are credible and have a clear pathway to success. katya: eu responses were swift and generallpositive. this tweet from the president of the european council. eu leaders still expect a clear plan from the prime minister in time for their emergency brexi summit in brussels next week. nothing changed there. barbara:ut but the mood tonight is a little lighter. laura: katya adler rng. there is a big row in washington as the trump administration is accused of granting security clearances to peopur who had beend down because of concerns about their foreign contacts or conflict of interest. now house panel has voted to
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subpoena the former director of personnel security at the white house to finout more. this follows a whistleblower telling congress that the administrationverturned 25 security clearance denials. today"ns of "usa joined me short time ago. o are the white house officials that congress is most interested in when it comes to curity clearances? eliza: they areed very intere in all 25 of them but the names we are interested in in particular is jared kushner, t ivanmp, the president's daughter and son-in-law, special advisors.e for a long tey said they ybnt through the regular process the same way as evy else, but now there are concerns about that process for 25 . laura: how much of a knock-down, drag-out fight is this going to be between congress and the white house? yoehave congress issuing th subpoenas, put the white house says security clearances have nothing to do with the
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lawmakers. eliza: it will be a knock-down drag-out fight. there is one person they said they wouldubpoena who on monday said he would come in, and that as someone involved in the process. they may get some people like that, but do not expect to see the high-profile names going easily. republicans point out that wn obama was in o office, membe his cabinet avoided subpoenas. they are not going to be sending folks over very quickly. laura: do we know what their concerns were that were flagged in the security clearance process?hi eliza: i it is that they were told they should not get security clearances and thenle they were over this whistleblower is saying that as part of the process there was overruling despite going through the process and that these peoplshould not have had as high security clearancess they were given. laura: the president was talking about the question of the u.s.-mexico border and whether there has been a surge in migrants. the president s been threatening to close the border,
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and here was what he said today. pres. trump: our sabtem is lutely maxed out. and border patrol has done a -- an incrediblebu jobthe system is maxed out. we will have a strong border or a closed border. i am totally prepared to do it we are going to see what happens the next few days. laura: the president is insisting he would shut the border if necessary, but howhb much pk is he getting from congress? eliza: it's interesting, i wasep talking tolican lawmakers about this, and they were very dismissive. they did not seem to think this was a real threat. they were not necessarily pushing back on the president, but republicans tend to take an approach wittrump where they don't take him seriously until they hche to. he doege his mind often. i asked senator marco rubio if he supported the president shutting down the government, and senator rubio said, "what do you mean -- i mean, not shut down the government, there was a month ago -- "shut down the
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border," and he said, "what do you mean, shut down the rder?" the president seems to be clear about it. there are reports he will go to the border on friday, but the white houssays he does not ve a timeline for closing it. is there concern in the whiteou house what he does mean? eliza: i imagine so. the president gets in front of visitors and then people scramble -- in front of messages and then people samble to keep up with proposals or talk him down. i think there is a little bit of roth. i imagine you hearsome of these republicans that don't want to publicly criticize the president that they are back-channeling that this would be a bad idea. border states, arizona, texas, rsere are republican lawma right on the border who it would hurt their economies. laura: eliza collins, thank you for joining us. eliza: thank you. laura: in other news from around the world, algerian state media says abdelaziz bouteflika has stepped do as president following weeks of protests. army chiefs called the
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82-year-old incapable of carrying out his duties. mr. bouteflika has been in power for 20 years but has rarely been in public since suffering a strokeea six ago. at least people have been killed 47 in flash floods in iran, leading authorities to an of the -- announced state of emergency in several provinces. tens of thousands of people have been forced to flee e homes following the heaviest rainfalln decade. party isgoverning officially challenging the results of sunday's local election in istanbul. the opposition claimed victory by 25,000 votes in the city. partyent erdogan's alleges irregularities and is challenging the results. the opp cusing the akp of trying to still about -- steal th vote. after almost 18 years of bloodshed, could the latest round peace talks help bring an end to the war in afghanistan? the u.s. special envoy isn kabul meeting government officials ahead of a new round of talks expected in.
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the southern province of helmand has the strongest taliban ce in afghanistan. lyse doucet has been in the stronghold to ask afghans what they think of the possible return of the taliban as part of a peace deal. lyse: every afghan family has a story of loss. for him, every wave of sadness breaks over another. he lost two sons in two u.s. airstrikes. a third son shot dead by the taliban. a fourth killed the same way, on his way to the funeral. a young widow still cloaked in sadness, aather full of anger. >> it is impossible. talking to the taliban i impossible. they don't know the meaning of
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peace. over there they are talking about peace, and here they aregh fing. lyse: it feels peacefuln lashkar gah, capital o helmand, a conservative southern province. safe enough even to build. there is money in this war economy, lots of it, from smuggling and the drugs trade. afghan government forces secure the city. british troops were once based here. the u.s. army still bain a province mostly in taliban hands. the edge of the city, a front line just months ago. the taliban are just a short drive from here. w ere told to leave quickly. stay, the more
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people started appring on rooftops, motorcycles driving by. we were being watched. we are told it wasn't safe. w you never know is who, and the taliban aren't far away. a day later, right in the center of the city, a farmer's fair shattered. dozens of afghans injured or dead. ope.l signs of light and girls at school, some for the first time. >> in the future i want to be someone, either a teacher or a doctor. i have to solve the country. there were no schools because of the fighting, but now i'm veryan happy that iome to school. lyse: forbidding girls' education was one of the worst abuses of taliban rule.
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now some children are in school where it is safe, even in some taliban areas. in conservative rural afghanistan, security, jobs matter most. the start of peace talks bring ends,but until the war most dreams are on hold. lyse doucet, bbc news. laura: you are watching "bbc world news america." still to come on tonight's program, nato's secretary-general comes calling at the white house as president trumpir demands members pay t share. it is a radical you simple idea to end homelessness -- give permanent homes to people who need them without conditions. finland has been doing this for
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a decade. this report from helsinki. 15.hen i was he was homeless for 20 years, but five years ago he wagiven this flat for the rest of his life. what difference has it may to yo life having a home that you can state in forever? >> i don't doubt so much. reporter: do u still? >> sometimes. a lot less. reporter: this is finland's approach to homelessness, give them a home straight away with no strings attached, and let them tackle other issu their life. while homelessness is rising on everywhere in europe, in finland it is falling. last year they noticed a problem -- female homelessness had gone
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out. >> the personal histories of homeless women are different from homeless men. violence,be domestic mental health, etc. you have to make tailor-made support. now the government's focus is on providing homes especially for women, and this is one example, two thousand flats where women can live together. i worked in the street. reporter: what was that like? [lauter] reporter: if anything, this proves there is a different way of helping the homeless which the rest of the world is waking up to. bbc news, helsinki. laura: this week nato will
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celebrate the 70th birthday of the alliance in washington, d.c. 29 foreign ministers will gather, and the secretary-general will address a joint session of congress. but first jens stoltenberg was at the white house today asp president train pressed member countries to live up to their financial obligations. a brief timago i discussed the meeting with our state department correspondent barbara neett-usher. the president isf the strongest critics of nato. how are he and the secretary-general going to paper over theracks? barbara: yes, he sees nato members as freeloaders who are benefiting frothe american defense umbrella without paying their fair share. mr. stoltenberg's approach is to praise him for adding urgency to what is a real issue, that many not meetinge theiring up to meet
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targets, and millions more so stoltenberg credits trump for that in this shows the strength of the alliance but leaders are concerned about mr. trump's scathing criticisms. laura: what does it say that jens stoltenberg has been invited address a joint ssion of congress by lawmakers? do they see nato differently to the president? barbara: certainly completely different from the president, and it is a bipartisw. trere is orthodoxy on the hill that americans areger in nato than outside of it and there is a concern that the president just doesn't t that. i was in a committee meeting last weewhen the secretary of state was grilled by lawmakers on the issue and they were clearly quiteoncerned, and one of them raised deep concerns he heard from european officials. laura: president trump has called members of nato delinquents and once said the alliance was obsolete. he walked that back. what impact is that having? rbara: this issue of money has been wath other adminisns as well, and it should be said
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that american actions are strongly in support of nato. the issue is that you never before had an american president who questioned the value of the alliance, and he has in his owna questioned the u.s. commitment to the mutual defense pact, article five, and that is the core of the alliance. haura: the u.s. has increased spending on nato't it? barbara: well, it has increased spending on the east towards russia, so the actions show that the americans are committed. but the president is the head of that. one comment i read said that if nato is as good as the belief, the u.s. president would go to war in defense of europe. the question of american leadersh is a big deal for many europeans. laura: barbara plett-usher, thanks so much for joining us. for centuries the moonas been a source of fascination and inspiration for poets an artists alike. to mark 50 years since man stepped on the loose surface, a surface, ne's
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hudson river museum is hosting a show on how our nearest b neighbor hn portrayed in art. ure bbc went on a to with the chief curator. >> the moon is never there by accident. if iis there, it is a thoughtful thing that the artist has done. we all hava romantic notion of the moon. you see a moon there, all of a sudden you might ask yourself some questions like what are they thinking, do they want a source of light to the landscape or am i supposed to think it is midnight, and i supposed to think it is a certain time of year, time of night. here we have one of the most romantic paintings in the show and best-known paintings we have in then exhibition, nor rockwell's "boy and girl gazing at the moon."le also c"puppy love" because the cute little puppy dog in it.
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it is such a romantic view of a little boy and girl out fishing who stped to gaze at the moon. 40 years after he painted "puppy love," nasa hired norman rockwell to champion the space program along with other artists. thiss a view he painted three years before they landed on the moon. he went down to naaw and actuallyodels of the moon and models of the lunar lander and even painted what he thought the earth woullook like when they were on the moon. we are all part of one big planet. no matter where you are in the world, you look up and see the moon. it reminds us to care for the earth and ourselves, and so i think it can be a unifyingth g. more, as people build rockets to go to the moon and people have pictures showing what it looks like, did people feel less romantic? i think we feel as romantic about the moon as ever.
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laura: the appeal of the moon. i am laurarevelyan. thanks for watching "worldews america." >> with the bbc news app, our vertical veos are designed to work around your lifestyle, so you can swipe your way through the news of the day and stay up-to-date witthe latest headlines you can trust. download now from lected app stores. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, and judy and peter blum-kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. >> what are you doing? >> possibilities. ur day is filled with them. >> tv, play "downton abbey." >> and pbs helps everyone discover theirs.
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anytime, anywhere. pbs. we are with you for life. >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet, los angeles.
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc dr >> wf: good evening. i'm judy woodruff. on the newshour tonight: as the senate plans toon speed uprmation of trump administration appointments, we look at how this president is shaping the federal judiciary. then storm. in a political certo rico is again the target of president trumpticism, as the island continues to h recover frricane maria. and, encouraging literacy in young children outside of the classroom, by creating reading programs at an unexpected place. >> fol are here for an hour and a half, two hoims. so there'se to add those interactions. and there's also a recurring element. chances are, the folks that are here this saturday morning, will be here next saturday morning, and the saturday morning after. >> woodruff: all that and more, on tonight's pbs newour.


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