tv PBS News Hour PBS April 15, 2019 6:00pm-7:01pm PDT
captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening. i'm judy woodruff. on the newour tonight: one of the world's most famous religious landmarks, paris's medieval notre de cathedral, is engulfed by fire, puttingie centof history at risk. then, cleaning up from thisad weekend's weather. at least eight people are killed sster a string of punishing tornadoes moves ache southern u.s. 02and, a conversation with democratic presidential candate andrew yang. plus, tiger woods makes a triumphant comeback for the ages, with his victory in this weekend's masters urnament. all that and more, on tonight's pbs newshour.
>> major fundine for the pbs hour has been provided by: ♪ ♪ moving our economy for 160 years. bnsf, the engine that connects us. >> babbel. a language program that teaches spanish, french, italian, german, and more. >> consumer cellular. >> financial services firm raymond james. >> the william and flora hewlett foundation.
for more than 50 years, advancing ideas and supporting institutions to promote a better world. at www.hewlett.org. >> and wh the ongoing support of these institutions: and individuals. >> this program was made possible by the corporation for public broadcasting. and by contributions tyour pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. uf >> woo in paris tonight, there is catastrophe. fire has gutted much of the centuries-old notre dame cathedral, one of the world's great landmarks. the flames broke out late in the day and burned into the night.
crews struggled to save what they could-- the 800-year-old structure itself, priceless stained glass and religious relics. for the latest, we turn to kate moody. she is a reportewith the ench news channel, france 24. dy, thank you for going joining us, what's the very latest? we are seeing the firefighters are saying they can save some of ructure? >> absolutely. we're hearing from the french president in just the last fewu moments,y, saying the worst has been avoided and that those two dual bell towers so emblematic of notre dame will, in fact, be saved. of course therea no goingck from what has been a catastrophic fire this evening. itheroke out minutes after cathedral had closed to the public around 6:45 local time here, and within mines, ally, the entire roof had been engulfed in flames. we saw thavery tall, about 300-foot spire collapsing abou an hour into the fire. that was one of the most dramatic images that we'd reay
seen of the evening. then the entire roof, this vaulted woodwork roof that has been really in place since medieval times was engulfed in ames as well and we ar rubbed almost entirely, reay destroyed. a small bit of good news, most of the stonework wiltol be abl stay standing. a lot of people are saying notre dame, as we know it, perhaps is gone things eve >> woodruff: jo watch this for the last few hours. kate, tell us what do we knowt abe cause, if anything? >> well, the's a lot of speculation. most of it centers around the fact that notre dame has been undergoing an incredibly extensive rt ovation projr the last few years. it's a 20-year project that was going to be cosing over 100 million euros. cracks had started to appear in the foundation and, so, this renovation was done to try to
protect the cathedral, perhaps ironically what wagive then evening, a lot of the discussion centering around this renovation work that was being undergone. now, it has to be said tht, because of all the work that was happening, some of the artwo that's in notre dame had actually been removed. about a dozen large statutes that were on the roof, for yxample, had been removed onl last week for cleaning and, so, some of that may have been saved. we are hearg a lot of the artwork there may have been saved. the relics of the crown of o thor display at notre dame, we understand, has been salvaged. we don't know the fate of the very, veryamous stained glass windows that are in notre dame. they seem to be in tact for now, but, of course, there's no telling what kind of damage the smoke or heat y doto them. what we're hearing from french people this evening is aolute sadness about the state of what is really a national treasure. this is somethingat 13 million people around the world come to see every year, but it's a real treasure the french people as well. napoleon was crowned there.
charles degault celd have it victory after world war ii. a commemoratioer the paris terror attacks in 2015. one french hiss torian, watching the flames, saying he feelsk lie he's saying goodbye to an old friend e. w're all bereft watching this cap. kate moody, france 24, in paris, thank you. and let's take a closer look at the priceless artistic, religious and cultural history at risk, with elizabeth lev. she is an american-born art historian now based in rome. i spoke to her a short time ago via skype. elizabeth lev, thank you very much for talking with us. what was your reaction wen you first hearabout this fire? >> it's a kind of shock that comes from having read about, as an histian, destruction of monuments, the fires that have taken placen monuments hundreds of years ago. i never thought i would livuge thsomething like this.
i never thought that i would personally feel that separation of a work of art that you assumed would always be there, would see me born, it would seee me. i never thought i would outlive a great work of art. >> woodruff: we don't know yet, of urse, what all had been lost, but what is at stake here? a >> thee several hundred fire officers trying to get the works of ah art out of the cathedral. it is the cathedral itself which is a work of art. it's the cathedral itself ich is an iconic monument, and that, already, has been seriously damaged and will undoubtedly submitted more damage before the whole thing is over.uf >> woo what about what's inside the catdr? what, of all the treasures there, will be most missed? >> to be perfectly honest, the situation with notre dame is interesting because a great deat art was damaged during the french revolution, and more
s damaged in the 19t 19th century, about 1870. so that church has actually been bereft of its art on many occasions, b it still has some really splendid pieces. for example, some might fin "the choir" which is an incredibly carved haped structure, carved with 14t 14th cenry stories of the life of jesus. they're painted, they're beautiful. orou have the 17th centurya magnificent tue which has twoer neiling sgns reminiscent of the michelangelo also in rome. but fothe catholic wold and the church itself, especially in ster,eek leading up to ea the greatest loss of the church would have been the loss of the crown of thorns. the thorns tht crowned jesus' head during his passeon, purcby st. louie 9th in
e 13th century, lovingly cared for, preserved during the french revolutionnd veerated by the faithful to this day in this cathedral, that would terrible loss. >> woodruff: why is it the iconic monu ant that wel recognize that it is? >> is an object that's been there long before the eiffel tower, long more the church we're used to sing, that church has been sitting in the heart of paris, its where the origin of paris is. it's the womb, the heart of the entire city, andhe cthedral thilt on that church begun in 1163, carried ough the years, has been the backdrop to all of that amazing history of france that's likely captured the world's imagination. you had napoleon, joan arc at those steps, you had henry 4t 4th returning to the catholic
church saying ris is worth a mass on those steps, and then the lives of all of those millions of parisians that have taken place underneath the beautiful arches. >> woodruff: it's the history of the pla ce that's hard tot our arms around. we think about the rose windows the three win doze together, but there's just so much more than that. >> well, really, it's a church, first of all, that was -- it began in one period, it began in the 1100s where they start building a sturdy church with big, round columns, and notre dame was going to be the church of kings, the place where the kings of fnce would be married,nd, so, it grew wih great ambitions into this brand-new style called nothing, anuit was that chh that showed the world for the very first time the potential of this new invention called the flyings buttso that you would see sort of spidery legs from the back of the church but, in the
hinterior, it would open entire building up to windows filled with stained glass that make the most seasod traveler gasp with awe when they cross the threshold. so these innovations took place in this beautiful, beautiful building. >> woodruff: is there anything, elizabeth lev, you can think of to compare this to? o what we think isst here may be lost? t >> welre is actually a very interesting comn.pari on july 15th of 1823, the church considered one to have the most beautul churches in rome was burned down, the church of st. pau it was a very, very situation. the church was build in theur century, one of the largest churches, filled with s ofedibly beautiful wo art. the fire began in the roof, in the wood timbers in the roof, not unlike that of e dame in paris, and, despite the efforts of firefighters, the church
simply burned down. and the pictures -- grnted not photographs -- but the pictures of the next days of the church missing the roof with half the building destroyed, you know,t really looked like this was the end of this iconic amazing building that had seen so many bi pile grimace and amazing history. but an amazing thing happened, the entire world in 1823 begtoan ontribute and help and they sent architects and they sent money and they set matials, and that church was reborn and it's now considered one of our likely beautiful, most beautiful churches in the city of rome. so i think, even thugh this is a devastating moment for that link with the ancient history o notre dame, we also have the opportunity of seeing a ge new moment of people coming together, which, believe it or not, that's what the word "church" means, people gathered together. so we have a great opportunity to see people gathering together and see if we can bring that
church back to a new life. e> woodruff: well, let's hop that that can happen after what we are seeing with toay's horrible, horrible fire at notre dame. elizabeth lev, thank you very much. >> thank you. >> woodruff: and now more on what this peans to theeople of france. wh woodruff: we turn now t this means to the people of france. we turn to the french ambassador to the united stes, gérard araud. mr. ambassador, what are you thinking tonight? >> well, you know, i was --u myself, i wasrised by my own reaction when, looking at what was happening in paris, because, suddenly, i realized that i was crying. suddenly, i have the feeling that a part of myself was burning, and all the other e plomats and employees of the embassy felt thsame emotion. so you can guess that im sort of relieved to know that the main structure of the cathedral apparently has been saved. >> woodruff: why doenotre
dame have such a connection to the people of france? w l, actually, to be frank, i likely don't know because i pass by this church a lot of times, and i was looking at it and thinking it was great, but it was when it was burning that, suddenly, i realized that, as i said, it was part of my naional identity, part of my history. but as the president, your interlocutor wa saying, so many historical facts happened in the church, there was also literature with the very well-known novel by victor that all have ben reading in frnce for a long time, but, obviously, it's part of our national identity. >> woouff: and something you study as a child growing up in france. >> yes, exactly. you know, i read notre dame in
paris, one day after the liberation, they went naturally to the cathedral to say thank you to god for the liberation of the country, and all the bells of the cities weirenging. that's also part of our iduftity. >> woo and i think of its role, mr. ambassador, throughout history tday, i know the historian michael beschloss tweeted a picturef american troops going through paris, tre dame in front of at the time of liberation at the end of world war ii. so i thnk of the role it's playedn the history you ever country over so many centuries. >> exactly. you know, we have another experience of a mor cathedral destroyed, which is the cathedral of france where kings were crowned and which was
destroyed by the germainvaders by 1914. we rebuilt it, and mr. macron said today, you know, i think one hour ago, hei sad, we rebuilt it because the french demanded. and we're going to ask for is support, the aid of all the people of the world. >> woodruff: at a time when, i think, some people are looking at europe, thmeaning of europe, the meaning of individual countries inside europe, whether it's the european union or any other connection, something like this, in a way, symbolizes the uni of that part of the world, doesn't it? >> yes. i was struck by the messages coming from all of eope, coming also from the u.s., but coming especially from all the leaders of europe, all the religious leaders of europe, you know, really expressing the solidarity, their sadness andh saying notre dame was not
only a frenchsterpiece, but it was also a symbol of the european ciilization. >> woodruff: how much does it matter? as you said, your president macron has been just sayinein the last minutes that "we will rebuild." how muchoes it matter that notre dame is rebuilt as much as it can be? >> well, it's also, i guess, a show of resiliee. i think weent through a hefty amount of problems, of cry sis, of invasion, of wars, but every time, you know, the french people have shown that they are resilient. sot has been destroyed. we can't let it be destroyed we have to rebuild it. >> woodruff: and we know, for the catholic church, it is a huge symbol, but what we have been discussing is it is a symbol that ties a country, a people togetr.
>> exactly. and it's also a symbol because we are, you know, just beginning the week which is the most sacred moment of the year for the christians. so it's also a moment of deepll emotion forhe catholics. and as, you know, it has be told, i think that the holy crown of thoesrns of christ, you know, which wa fortunately,n preserved.ma >> woodruff: s of us weep in this country and around the world for your los ambassador geérard araud, thank you very much. >> thank you very much. > th >> woodruff: iday's other news, a fierce weather front moved into the northeast after raking the south.e, in its wt left at least eight dead, and scores of families counting their losses.
john yang has our report. >> yang: across parts of east texas, where hes once stood, there is only wreckage. >> my house was just lifted, just scattered over e back yard. >> yang: tornadoes flattened several communities in the state as violent weather ripped througthe south over the weekend. the national weather service confirms at least 16 twisters touched down across texas, louisiana, mississippi and alabama. one storm reached wind seds of 136 miles an hour. chris davis is emergency manager for cherokee county, texas. >> it's just total devastation. it's twisted trees and power lines and many homes destroyed. we had several injuries during this storm. we have had the storms, major storms, where we've had lots of destruion and lots of power lines and places damaged, but i've never seen them come this fast and tear up this much at one time. >> yang: the victims included
brothers jace and dilynn creel in pollok, texas, ages 3 and 8. a tree crashed on their parents' car, when the family was caught outside in the chaos. neighbor joe spangler tried to help. >> i heard someone knocking on my door and it was the lady, the mom, and she was like, me, help me!" that's where i noticed that the tree had fallen on the vehicle. when got down there, i saw t size of the tree and how it wasi on the car, new that it wasn't a good tcome. >> yang: elsewhere, the storm system brought driving rain and flash floods. surging water left panicked people cnging to rescuers. in starkville, mississippi, tornado warng alarms blared as lightninlit up the sky over mississippi state university. inest monroe, louisiana, lightning struck an unoccupied elementary school, setting it on fire. from there, the damage spreaas the severe weather front moved north and east. it spun off a possible tornado
in ohio, tearing up power lines. parts of raleigh, north carolina woke early this morning to destruction, aftereavy winds ripped through neighborhoods. and, there may be more to come. forecasters say more than 80 million americans could be affected by new weather fronts moving across the country this week. for the pbs newshour, i'm john yang.f: >> woodrere in washington, the justice department now says bat a redacted version of the russia report wiout thursday morning. democrats and some republicansin are still cafor the entire report to be made public. g attorneral william barr says that he will omit anything involving grand jury material, sensitive intelligence orig ongoing inveions, among other things. the president declared today that he will send detained migrants to so-called sanctuary cities. he had previously said he was still considering the idea. it was unclear whether any federal agencies are actually
implementing the policy yet. sanctuary cities limit their cooperation with federal immigration authorities. a federal judge in florida has denied bail for a chinese woman charged with illegal entering the president's mar-a-lago club in florida. yujing zhang pled not guilty today in west pa beach. she was arrested last month at the club with couter gear that may have contained malware. in sudan, activists say the military tried today to break up a sit-in outside its headquarters-- then, backed off. no one was hurt. e incident came four days after the military ousted omar al-bashir as president and set up its own transitional council. protesters are demanding a civilian-led government.ey ept up the pressure in khartoum today, as soldiers looked on. >> ( translated ): we are
staying here in our sit-in and we are not going to leave until thl our demands are met, and the sudanese people, w old or young, are aware. we will leave when our demands are met. ca woodruff: later, the af union warned that it will suspend sudan as a member, m unless titary hands over power to civilian authorities within 15 days. back in this country, actress lori loughlin was raigned today, and pled not guilty in a college admissions bribery scdal. her husband, fashion designer mossimo giannulli, enteredhe same plea. they allegedly paid $500,000 in bribes to get their two daughters into the university of southern california. the 2019 pulitzer prizes were awarded today. the "new york times" and the j "wall strernal" each won for their reporting on president trump. the prize for public service went to the "south florida sun sentinel" for its coverage of last year's deadly rampage at marjory stoneman douglas high school in parkland, florida.
in the arts, richard powers' novel, "the overstory," was honored with the prize for fiction. and, singer aretha franklin was posthumously awarded a special citation for her impact on american music and culture. on wall street today, stocks struggled to make any headway.th dow jones industrial average lost 27 points to close at 26,384. the nasdaq fell eight points, and the s&p 500 slipped one. and, they ran the boston marathon today, for the 123rd time-- and the results could not have been more different. for the men, it was a sprint to the finish, as kenya's lawrence cherono won by just a few steps. among the of ethiopia broke away early, and she ran alonfor the last 20 miles of the race. still to come on tde newshour: thcratic response to president trump's attacks on congsswoman ilhan omar. we speak with democratic presidenti candidate andrew
yang. amy walter and lislerer join us to discuss the race for 2020. and, much more. >> woodruff: president trump ramped up his attacks on democratic representative ilhan omar today. yamiche alcindor begins our coverage. >> and special thanks to representative omar of minnesota... oh, i forgot. she doesn't like israel. >> alcindor: president trump has repeatedly criticized controversial remarks by the muslim lawmaker. he's taken aim at her language on sial media, and her statements on israel. >> i want to talk about the political influence in this country that says it is okay for people to push for allegiance t reign country. >> alcindor: omar has insisted her comments have not been meant
to be anti-semitic. >> the democrats have even allowethe terrible scourge of anti-semitism to take root in their party and in tir country. >> alcindor: at campaign events and online, president ump has tried to brand omar as anti-semitic. he has circulated righwing videos of omar's past comments-- often without their full context. that includes this video from an event by the council on american-islamic relations last month. there, omar referenced the 9/11 attackers as "some people" who "did something." critics, including lawmakers, have accused omar of downplaying the terr attack that killed nearly 3,000 people. but omar's full remarks go on to address how, after the attack, muslims felt their civil liberties were targeted. then, last friday, president trump tweeted a video of the 9/11 attacks alongside omar's comment. he wrote, "we will never forget," unleashing a bitter
debate and re-opening old wounds over the attacks. in response, house speaker nancy pelosi said the president's "hateful and inflammatory rhetoric creates a real danger." down the video, and said she had ar'sn steps to ensure safety. 's a statement, omar said, "since the presideweet friday evening, i have experienced an increase in direct threats on my life, many directly referencing or replying to the president's video." >>,e now have a president w for cheap political gain, is trying to divide us up. >> alcindor: on the campaign trail over the weekend, vermont senator bernie sanders and a flurry of presidential democratic candidates accuseit mr. trump ofing violence against omar.n >> but we livemoment that compels us each to act. >> alcindor: south bdiana mayor pete buttigieg, who officially kicked off his 2020 mpaign this weekend, defended omar. the navy veteran, who served in afghanistan after 9/11, wrote on twitter that terrorism, "can
only be defeated if we have leaders at home who defuse its capacity to show hate against islam or against any number of others." rmer massachusetts gover bill weld, a republican, is today, he announced his 2020 challenge to president trump. for the pbs newshour, i'm yamiche alcindor.dr >> wf: sticking with the campaign, lisa desjardins has the latest installment in our series of one-on-one interviews with presidential contenders. d jardins: andrew yang may not yet have the name recognition of his opponents on the campaign trail, but the lawyer-turned-entrepreneur has steadily gaine announcing his bid for president more than a year ago. the son of taiwanese immigrantsh cleared the thd to qualifyth fofirst democratic debate later this summer. he joins me now. let's start with something that was in the news this weekend. the cleafeud and very significant words between representative ilhan omar and
president trump. what is your reaction to what t the two em are saying? >> well, you know, i think that her rerks were taken very much out of context, and it was really weeks after the fac one of the problems we're having right now is this mantuufd outrage that's happening on both sides. certainly, i think thathe president's tweet that seemed to suggest that her comments were somehow dishonoring the memory of 9/11 struck me as needlessly provocative citing hostility toward muslim americans. i twitted saying we're alld americans e need to come together. i was personally in new york onm 9/11, so iber the day very well. >> you have an idea for iversal basic income, $1,000 per month to eveury ad in this country, and make it so people would have to make a choice if they were on some other programs such as food stamps or snap or social security, and would have
to choose what's better for them, your money or the socialbe securityefits and you would pay for it largely with a 10% value-added tax. you're saying you want to add a tax to most of the things wey as it's being produced, and then you want to give us money in our paycheck. what does that to? >> if everyone watching this reflects on what a $1,000 a month per individual would do for your houthsehold would be game changer for millions ofr ans. it would improve health, graduation rates would go up, would improve your relationships and create millions of jobs around the country. the reason we ned a value-added tax is right now the biggest winners from artificial intelligence and new technologies will be amazon and the big tech comnies who no are paying in some cases literally zero in taxes which is the case of amazon. so we need to wa up to te challenges of the 21s 21st economy, get more buying power in the hands ofericans,
but also make sure the biggest companies don't benefit without re.ing their fair sh >> the economics confuse me. a quote you said in a town hal last night with cnn, you told viewers the goal should not be soto save jobs, the goal would be to make lives bert. but you're running on the premise we're going to lose potentially millions of jobs, and i'm not clear how increasing taxes which would actually take away somjobs, givingway money that could increase jobs, what's your vision for the economy as a whole? conomy you lift up the e and create more jobs or is that not your view. >> the goal is trickle economy and putting $1,000 in hands of every american adult would create more than 2 million jobs in your economy because of increased demand for tutoring services, car repairs, occasional night out, trips to the hardware store, all of thesw businessld end up hiring people in our communities.
>> sounds like youplan doe not make up for the amount of jobs you think we will be losing.th >> one of examples i use is my wife sat home with our two young children, onhom is autistic, and her work now is not considered a job by the marketplace or g.d.p. or by our economic measurements, but we e's doing sot sh of the most important and difficult and challenging work. so what we need to do i ns weeed to broaden our definition of what work is, and more an more americans, hopefully, will be in position to do the work that they want to do if we put this economic buying power into their hands. >> you also want to broaden or change the definition of american healthcare. you say you want to get to universal single-payer government-run healthcare ultimately and phase in. a brief conversation how long is the phase-in period? would wee universal healthcare in your first term in diesident? >> iwould probably happen my second term because the plan is to lower the aligibilie
or medicare. i am a medicare for all pulic option proponent. i would not outlaw or eliminate public health insurance but if we do a good enough job, there should not b as much need for private insurance in the market. >> you have morel icy proposals than anyone else running right now. if you just take a look at your web site, dozens of very specific ideas that you have. for exple, you would make, today, tax day a national holiday. you think the ncaa should pay college athletes, put a term limit on supreme court juslotics aninterest voting age to 16. also you would decriminalize possessions of small amounts of opios including heroin. why? especially when we knoiw opoids, especially in small amounts, can be very addictit'. >> twhy we deed kneed to decriminalize the use because, when i was in iowa, an -year-old high school student
said to me his classmates are addicted to fentanyl and heroin and that struck me as tragic so i started looking internationally for solutions. other countries havecr inalized opioid possession. but not a drug dealer, but if you're caught with a small supply, we should refer you to treatment not a jail ll, and in other countries that redagucd over time o r. >> we are in a time of global tension and there is u.s. presence around the globe. we've seen protest and overthrow in afra. i.s.i.s. is weak but still surviving in syria. afghanistan is not fully stable. whicone of those situations would call for u.s. involvement if any and what kind of involvement. what is your foreign policy vision? >> i would want to rebuild the partnerships and alliances that we've had over the last numbers
of years that in manvy cases e become very frayed because some our longstanding allies now r.gard the united states as an unreliable part to me our foreign policy should reflect how we're doing at home. the reason why donald trump is our president, in my opinion, is we have been falling apa home. one of our job is to rebuild the american people, and ourgn for policy should be more restrained and judicious. i would want to rebuild our partnerships and alliances and rely on the u.nand multi-lateral approaches to problems. >> would you pull out u.s. forces fm afghanistan and syria altogether? >> over time, that should be the goal. certainly we shouldn't have done it in the way that president trump did he did it abruptly anddn di notify allies and some friends of mine resigned in protest. if you'rugoing to do smrks have to do it responsibly. but we have been in some of these contexts for many years, and at this point it's time to own the fact that we should
bring the troops home. >> andraw yang, demc candidate for president. thanks for joining us. >> thank you. it's been a pleasure. >> woodruff: stay with us. coming up on the newshour: tiger woods cements his legacy with a come-from-behind victory at the masters tournament. and, cellist yo-yo ma, on the power of culture to coect us. turning back now to the race for the white house and the divisions over representative omar's recent remarks, it is time for "politics monday," of course, with amy walter of the cook political report, and lisa lerer, politics reporter for the "new york times." hello to both of you. it's "politics monday." so much so talk about. let's start with g,drew yan he's one of the many presidential candidates out there on the democratic side and, by thway, we should say, amy, that today we had, on the
republican side, we just learned in the last few hours bill welsl joininng he will take on the president from the republican side. but you had andrew yang an yet pete bittigieg joning the race. what is andrew yang's message? >> one of revolutionary, i'm not coming in to be a candidate just to throw some rather traditional ideas aund, i'm going to come in here and put these big, sort of dramatic ideas, like the universal basic income, like legalizing a small amot of heroin, these sorts of things, with the idea,erhaps, that it gets to be part of the conversation, even if he is not the caeidate, he is not th front return, he doesn't stay in for very long, it spas a conversation within the rest of the party. this is what happens at this point in most campaigns. you have a whole bunch of
candidates. the field winnows out, but man candidates try to put as many ideas out there as possible hoping that if thecan't last maybe one of their ideas will. >> can someone like i can't think shape the ra some way. >> he may. i think it tell us hs popularity. he already qualified for the debate stage. tell us about the media environment and the political environment we live in now. this is someone who got those debate requirements by appearing on popular podcasts.'s like, a podcast candidate. that's something we haven't seen ten years ago. he's a quirky candidate with some views that you point out fairly left wing, he supports medicare for all and tting the federal workforce from 15 to 20% which doesn't ring wellith democrats. but we're in a place with podcasts candites having influence on the debate with no
rty support whatever. >> googood point. the bigger issue, we're in a stage called the invisible primary. before voters weigh in, all these other factors are supposed an infliewps the field, and some were writte unwritten rules. the written rules that have changed, the democrats, one, you can get on stage now in a debate, not by just where you're polling but how many induaiv donors you've put together, and the super delegate rule is changes. at this point a candidate could become a frontrunner by sying i have 150 super delegates before any ballots were cast, and then the unwritten rules, which are now no longer being okay among democratic candidates, to take money from certain sources. super pacs, from big corporate donors. now everybodwants small donors, which is fine, but it means you're not going to get these eye uppingdraising numbers like you say in 2016 or. 20 and the media also weighed in, too, saying, maybe we made a
mistake in 2016 by trying to label people frontrunners too early. now we're not going to stay out. we're not going to have the same rush to put the frontrunner mantel on eone. >> woodruff: i want to ask you about peteti buteg who is the flavor of the month is. he more than that. i also wanto ask you about the hney, but, quickly, about boot generally, hase shown staying power? >> i think he's shown he can gen the second or third tier to have the race, and who knows how we're count theegz days, but the queson for him now is c he build an organization, can he stay there, can he do the kinds of things you need to, not just to raise money, but to actually win votes. that's the great unknown. we can't know that, but we certainlsee he's a guy wh saw a moment and capitalized it in a way that put him into this race in a bigger way. i mean, this is someone who is a mayor of a mid-to-small-size city whose biggest accomplishment was losing the
ce for democratic national committee chairman. that's not traditionally been a requirement for the presidency but 're in unchartered territory and who knows. >> woodruff: he's defied at we thought were the rules. >> though he fits very well this moment. in politics, you can plan youolr life, to be perfectly ready to be president on this date, right -2020, i have i've checked all the boxes -- but the moment might not be right for you. you have to be in this moment. in 2018, the candidates who got the most attention, d the most money, were the most hiccessful were the ones so different from an we had ever seen before. they were brand-new to politicso came fm outside to have the traditional avenues for going into congresand pete buttigieg, while he's had a long political career, he doesn't act or sound like your traditionalti presid candidate. >> woodruff: meanwhile,
president trump's campaignan unced a record breaking number, tens of millions of dollars he'raised jut in the first quarter to have the year. pinghat's a fairly eye pop number, and part of that is because unlike any other president he started running the time he won his first term, so it gave him time to raise money. but there has been a lot of energy on the democratic side about not takring money fom, super pat taking corporate donation or holding big fundraisers, and that's something the ac iivisthe party certainly like. it's something that the donors of the party, well, it mak them a little bit nervous, and i think seeing that number is only going toasort of exggerate and increase that divide and the debate on the democratic side. >> 28, there was not an incumbent presidential candate at that moment, but in 2007,
hillary clinton and obama raised $50 million. you would probably have to put four or five candidates together to equal the $50 million. bernie sanders raised $18 millio the next closest senator harris raised $12 million. all right, those are the top to fundraisers. >> woodruff: how do you remember these numbers? >> i burned it intoa my brin. >> woodruff: she has it written on the back of her brain. >> i do. it goes to lisa's point which is, when you are raising money with this many people, this -- with these new unwritt rules, raising the big, big dollars going to stand out.t >> and we doow how many of these plays. we haven't seen a presidential race so heavilyependent on small donors. midterms 2018,tsemocid well. small donors will give to a bunch of different candidates in a midterm when thre not competing to each other. we don't know whether they'll give $5 to a bunch of
presidential candidates or $100. so no one knows how this shakes out and that's whamakes th big donors pretty nervous. >> woodruff: so fascinating to be thinking about this right now in early april. with weeks and weeks to go. >> never too early. >> woodruff: and more announcements to come. amy walter, lisa lerer, "politics monday," thank you. >> woodruff: 25 years agd an 18-year-med eldrick woods won his first amateur golf championship. yesterday, the man whoo famous he later became known by one name won golf's best known major championship for the 5th time. in betwe is a tale that our next guest says competes with shakespeare. nick schifrin has the story of tir woods' comeback. >> schifrin: youngest golfer ever to win a major.ou to win allmajors. to be ranked number one player of the year more than any other
golfer. leading money winner of all time. at his peak, tiger woods was not only considered the greatest golfer in modern history-- many considerehim the greatest athlete. he changed the face of golf fundamentally, racially, and socially. at the height of his career, golf got more viewers than basketball and football. he was one of the most famous men in the world. and then, the crash from grace. dozens of affairs. the mug shot. and injuries that made him predict he would never play again. but there he was yesterday, winning the masters-- his first major in 11 years. to talk about tiger's comeback, i am joined by armen keteyian, the co-author of "tiger woods." armen, thank you so much for being on the "newshour". talk abut the arc from the height of his stardom to that d.u.i. photo in 2017. you wrote yeterday tt shakespeare had nothing on what we're witnessing now. >> well, i don't think so, when you talk about a rise and a fall, epic fall from grace,
and then this story of redemption. you know, the rise back to prominence but it's more -- i think, nick, cause to have the depths that tiger fell to, i think it's a hole unlike any other athlete, celebrity, businessman, you name it, has ever rea it was rock bottom, and then some. and then to rise out of that, not just to get healthy and to be able to walk ain, but to walk, you know, that final fairway at augusta yesterday, make the putt leading to his fifth green jacket, it's like a fairytale, almost unimaginable. >> let's talk about rock bottom in two respects. the first respect, how bad di it get when it came to his affairs and his attitude to the gas and his fanand everyone? er it's safe to say, as you mentioned, theremultiple affairs beginning, well, shortly after he got married.
it didn't slow tiger down at all. and was just tat coupled with the kind of person that he became. in many ways, as i mentioned, tiger was a machine. he was programmed almost like a mputer to do one thing, which was to win golf tournaments, and it came with a prce, and that was what drove jeff benedict and i writing the book, what's the price and the cost of gen and in tiger's case, it was a completely entitled person, an indidual who showed very little appreciation and gratitude for others who were doing things for him, even a simple thank you at timeswas >> how bad was the pain?fer. how bad did it get in terms of his bacelk? >> for long stretches of time, i many man ay wee months, he could barely get out of bed. one strch, he barm got out of bed for ten straight days. every otep he tok was pain
personified, and there were points in time where tiger felt, a, he could never swing a golf club again, butlt was cear how he would be able to walk again. >> golf is not only about physical ability, it's about mental ability. how do you think he wen rfrom thck bottom to what we saw yesterday?nt >> well, he through rehab, and i think he took a long look at himself in the mirror an said, is this the kind of father i want to be to my two children? he loves his kids. earl loved him -- >> his fathe yes, and tita, the mother, loved him. but they loved him a different way. i think tiger took om what he learned from his parents, what he did and didn't like, and turn a tremendous amount o love to his children. i think he looked in the mirror and said, really, is this the kind dad i want my children to be around and raised by? and whatever he twerough in rehab, whatever he said to himself or others said to him,
it changed him. >> which brings us to the juxtaposition of two moments, i would say. one, we sadithis incree video yesterday of tiger hugging his son right after he won, saying, i love you, son. and from 1997, of course, one of the most famous moments perhaps in the l dst fewecades in golf history, tiger being embraced by his father earl, who said, i love you, son.i >> whew him hug charlie, the first thing that came to mind iy s, oh,d this is 1997 all over again, that iconic scene with earl right after he had won the masters by 12 strokes, and just a record-setting performance. that was the arrival of tigeri woods in thegest of ways and, really, truly the beginning of tiger mania for good or bad. then to see charlie there and to see the way tiger hugged him, that was aenerational hug, that was from father to son, to
father to son. >> very quickly, the president has said that he will award tiger woods the predential medal of freedom. does tiger woods deserve it?el >> if it's for impact on the sport and influence in the game -- i mean, you referenced it, socially, culturall financially, racially -- he ggamed thee of golf and the ways of sports. so if we're talking about a lifetime achievement award for the influence he's had, he absolutely deserves it and probably has a lifetime pass to play with president trump anytime, anyplace, so comes with a set of benefits there, too, i imagine. >> i would imagine so. armen teyian, co-author of tiger woods and executive producer of "the athletic," thank you so much. >> thank yo. w
druff: he has recorded more than 100 albums, performed in every marquee concert hall around the world, and played for eight u.s. presidents. but this weekend, renowned cellist yo-yo ma played two outdoor concerts-- one in laredo, texas; the other just across the bridge in nuevo laredo, mexico. his intention: highlight the connection between t countries, regardless of the current policies and politics of the border. the performances were also part of ma's ongoing bach project. he is playing johann san bach's six cello suites in 36 countries around the world. tonight, yoyo ma shares his humble opinion on why culture matters. >> i am 63 years old, and i've inbeen playing this four-sd instrument for 59 years. to bach's first llo suite is the first piece i ever learned. and i still love it.
i was four years o at the time. one measure each day. ♪ ♪ as a child, the simple accomplishment of being able to play a whole song was very satisfying. but over the years, i come to see that this music has a different force. it can heal; it can inspire; it can create wonder. and it was written almost 300 years ago, by a man who never traveled more than a few hundred miles from the place where he was born. but whenever i play it for an audience, i see that it still speaks to us, no matter whar e're living in, where we are, or what language we speak. is isn't just bach. food, art, science, storytelling-- they all help us
to understand ourselves, each other, and our environment, through head and heart. thiss culture.by alling on the imagination each one of us is born with, and the powers of observation we all have, culture helps us to tell our story. just as bach did, 0 years ago. just as his music does, today. his music, like all of cultureth tells a stor's about us, about our neighbors, about our land, our counity, our country, our planet, our universe. a story that bringall of us together as a species. i believthat culture is essential to our survival. it is how we invent, how we bring the new and the old together, and how we can all imagine a better future. ♪ ♪ i used to say that culture needs a seat at the table, an equal part in our economic and political conversation.
i now believe that it is the ground on which everything else is built. it is where the global and local, rural and urban, present and future confront one another. culture turns the other into us, mpd it does this through trust, imagination, andhy. so, let' stories and make it our epic, one for the ages. >> woodruff: and that is theon newshour forht. i'm judy woodruff. join us online, and again right here torrow evening. for all of us at the pbs newshour, thank you, and we'll see you soon. m >>or funding for the pbs newshour has been provided by: >> babbel.
a language program that teaches language, like spanish, french, german, italian, and more. >> bnsf railway. >> consumer cellular. >> financial services firm raymond james. >> and by the alfred p. sloan foundation. supporting science, technology, and improved economic performance and financial literacy in the 21st century. >> supported by the john d. and catherine t. macarthur foundation.te commto building a more just, verdant and peaceful world. more information at macfound.org >> and with the ongoing support of these institutions >> this program was made possible by the corporation for public broadcasting. and by contributions to your pbs station from viewers like you.
♪ ♪ ♪ ♪ -today, on rica's test kitchen," bridget and julia reveal the secrets to making e perfect coffee cake... jack challenges julia to a tasting of crunchy peanut butter... lisa reviews smart gadgets... and keith makes bridget a foolproof broccoli and feta frittata. it's all coming up right here on "america's test kitchen."