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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  May 8, 2019 2:30pm-3:01pm PDT

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>this is "bbc world news america." >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, and judy and peter blum- foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected need >> wow, that is unbelievable. ♪ >> i'm flying! ♪ >> stay curious. ♪
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[applause] >> and now, "bbc world news." laura: this "bbc world news america." reporting from washington, i am laura trevelyan. >> ayes have it. laura: the battle over the mueller report sheets up -- heats up with house democrats voting to hold the attorney general in contempt of congress. tehran threatens to start enriching uranium again. hplus, the royal baby mak global debut. ngchie harrison mountbatten windsor is captivaillions, d starting with his mom andad. meghan: it is magic, it is pretty amazing. i eve the two best guys in
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world, so i am really happy. laura:o welcomer viewers on public television here in america and around the globe. the fight over access to the robert mueller report is escalating tonight, with house mocrats voting to hold the u.s. attorney general inco empt of congress. bill barr refused to give lawmakers an unredacted version of the special counsel'report. and that wasn't the only major development. the president invoked executive privilege over the entire document.ri the bbc's buckler has more. >> today we consider a report recommending the house of representatives hold attorney general william barr in contempt of congress. chris: even before the committee gathered to vote, president trump changed the debate. he noways he is asserting executive privilege and using
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his position to stop the full unredacted mueller report from being releasedtaking the decision out of the hands of his attorney general. rep. nadler: this is unprecedented. if allowed to go unccked, this obstruction means the end of congressional oversight. as a coequal branch ofgo rnment, we should not and cannot allow this to continue, or we will not be a coequal branch of government. chris: but republicans arguedem these co proceedings are not general william barr to account, but instead about damaging a president. >> this is all about impeaching the president. now, why don't ust say it? why don't they just jump to the impeachment proceedings like the liberal media overlords are telling them to? chris: this is the latest clash between thhouse of representatives and the president, and both branches of government seem deteined to flex their muscles. congress want to see the president's tax returns, to hear from former white houscounsel
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don mcgahn, and be able to question special counsel robert mueller. but the white house believesmo ats are going beyond their powers. sarah: take a minute to let this sink in. chairman nadler is asking the attorney general of the united states to break the law and commit a crime by releasing information it has no legal authority to have. chris: the fallout from the mueller report continues to deepen divisions, and democrats claim it threatens to damage democracy. >> i can only conclude that the president seeks to take a wrecking ball to t constitution of the united states of america. >> if the mueller report clears you, why not let congress see all oft, sir? chris: as president trump left to hold a rally with supporters florida, he may a felt he outwitted hispp oents. isbut tholitical and constitutional battle is far from over. chris buckler, bbc news, washington. ura: for more on the legal wrangling between the white
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house and congress, i'm joined by elizabeth wydra, president of the constitutional accountability center. ounow that we have had the voting to find the attorney general in contempt of congress, where does it go? elizabeth: it could goen couple diffways. first of all, this is extraordinary. we are talking about basic fundamental constitution this is like "schoolhouse rock" time, where schoolchildren learn checks and balances between congress and the president. with the president refusing to give information in thisd reg with respect to the mueller report, but also the other subpoenas and request for information as i well, thea clash between congress and the president. lenow there are thl machinations of what happens after the contempt vote. first, it goes to the entire house after the house judiciary committee motes today. t likely will end up in court with congress tried to
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enforce its request for this information. laa: is it really going to come down to the courts deciding which of the coequal branches of government is in the right here? elizabeth: i think most likely. there is this inherent authority congress has to put out subpoenas and get information in order to do its constitutional job of passing laws and providing oversight to the executive branch. but i think we will end up with the courts having to dide, and we saw during some of the nixon and watergate years what exactly can the president withhold as executive privilege, and frankly, this mueller report is not it. ashe has alreadyally waived andilege for the report, other information they are seeking to deny congress, which they say because it is grand jurynformation. the rule of procedure the governments the grand jury information allows it to go to congress, at least to the national security committee. laura: the presint has also
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been saying he does not want robert mueller to appear in front of congress. does this tussle make it more or less likely will hear from mueller? elizabeth: it depends on whether mueller is still a department of justice employee. right now they are talking may 15. certainly mueller' testimony is more imp etant now thanver, , whate we have seen barr we can only think at this point his master resenting -- is misrepresenting the mueller report. anyone who has read the can see it is not what attorney general barr said it was initially. having mueller, for the american explain all of thes incredible findings of the interactions betweenhe trump camp and t russians, not to mention all of the obstruction of justice which mueller said mrs. congress'-- this is congress' authority to do with.
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has andonald, jr., subpoena by senate igence. elizabeth: this is not going away. mitch mcconnell might want to think it is case closed on the mueller report and the 2016 election, but this story is just starting. laura: elizabeth wydra, thank you for joininus. iran is ending some of its commitments under the nuclear deal, and the iranian president says the country will start enriching days.ium in 60 that is unless europe, russia, and china can help iran counter u.s. sanctions on oil sales. the s., which pulled out of the nuclear deal by yea -- a year ago says the threat amounts , to blackmail. diplomat correspondent james landale reports. james: when america's top diplomat comes to town, he gets the full tour -- meetings with the foign secretary, prime minister, high office, and high chur. but for all the warm welcome, there are divisions here that run deep, escially on iran and
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how best to restrict its nuclear program. today iran's president threatened to restt his country's nuclear activities. he told his cabinet that in 60 days, iran would start enrichi more uranium unless european powers did more to relieve the pressure of u.s. sanctions. wi key world powers.tro a deal it agreed to resict its nuclear program and return for cash in return -- restate its anclear program in return for getting economicions lifted. a year ago, donald tu.mp pulled th out of the deal. that places these two men at odds, because remy hunt believes the deal is working, so iran's threat is unwelcome. foreign secretary, what are you prepared to do to keep the iran nuclear deal alive, and whose side are you on here, tehran for washington? mr. hunt: if they break the al, there will be consequences in terms of how european powers react.
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we urge the iranians to think very long and hard before theyde break th. james: some u.s. officials are sanctions, furth but for now the se retary of stcused iran of being intentionally ambiguous. sec. pompeo: they have made a number of statements about actis they threatened to do. we will see what they actually do. the united states will wait to observe that. james: britain and its european allies face a tough oice -- do they back iran and encourage it to stick with the deal, or back the u.s. with new sanctions? all that as the u.s. sends an aircraft carrier to the gulf to deter what it says is an increased threat from iran.ne f this is getting easier. james landale, bbc news. laura: for more on this i was joined earlier by ken pollack, a former cia analyst who inow at
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the american enterprise institute. the u.s. says iran's announcement is intentionally ambiguous. what is iran trying to do here? ken: i think it is time to be -- it is trying to be ambiguous, but i don't thins necessarily a bad thing. the iranians are trying to signal to the international community and to the russians, the chinese, and the eu that its patience is running out, it is feeling a tremendous amount of pressure from the united states, it believes it is accord with the nuclear deal and that the u.s. isn't. and that nobody is taking its side for doing the right thing. it is signaling that its patience with the approach will come to an end. laura: if uran does enrich ium in 60 days time, how will that escalate tensions with the u.s., which are already very high? ken: it will only ratchet things up further. of course, we have g an unpredictable president and unpredictable iranian regime. that is thescalatory step that
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nobody wants to see happen. laura: do you think there is the ssibility of a military the u.s. andeen iran, perhaps unintentional now that we are sending an aircraft carrier to the region? ken: absutely. you are absolutelyight, neither side wants a war, neither side wants a fight, neither side wants a military confrontation. but the iranians feel tremendous pressure and the unid states is deliberately trying to ratchet up the pressure. the iranians want to the pressure to stop. we don't know what they are going to do, but we have seen ththem ipast take steps that they didn't recognize how provocative they were -- bombin. facilities, thinking about bombing a café in the united states. s these are the ki things that under the trump administration, i don't want to know how they would respond. laura: the u.s. secretary of raate is saying this is about trying to chang's behavior, that the sanctions are aimed at trying to stop iran being aggressive in the region. but is that a message that iran eris going to get on those? ken: as you are pointing out, the trp administration's demands for iran are enormous,
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expensive. -- expansive. they are about the region, the nuclear deal, the nature of the regime in some ways. its very unlikely that the de to all ofl ae those demand's. at some point they might be able to compromise on some of them. s but irant at that point yet, and we don't know whether the trump administration would take a partial yes as an answer. laura: we have two quite belligerent powers, the u.s. and the iranians. how tense is this? ken: pretty darn tense, and getting more so. again, we have two unpredictable governments, and governments th have demonstrated a capacity to miscalculate. in the past, when iran has miscalculated, it did so in the context where the united states wasn't looking for a fight for one reason or another and didn't reond. by the same token, when the unit states at times overstepped itself, the iranians, too, weren't looking for that.
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we now have hardliners in power in the united states and iran, both of whom for their own domestic politic reasons might be more willing to use force than what we have seen in the past. laura: kenneth pollack, thank you for joining us. ken: thanks for having me on, laura. laura: in other news, the u.s. defenses department spended efforts to recover the remains of thousands of the military still in north korea, 66 years after the korean war. ntagon spokesman said th was because the north korean military stopped communicathng, followinsummit between president trump and kim jong-un in february. of announced from thailand's general election from back in march. no party has a majority in the parliament. talks are underway to form a coalition for the first elected government the countries had for five years. a community in colorado is in mourning after a teenager was killed and seven other injured after two peoplellegedly
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opened fire at a local school. police sayta both ers have been arrested. highlands ranch high school is a few miles from columbine high school, the site of one of america's most notorious sool shootings. polls have closed in the south africanlection, with the ruling anc party likely to win, despite anger over corruption scandals and a struggling economy. elections haveeen held six times since the apartheid era ended. it is a test of whether president cyril ramaphosa can reinvigorate support for his party, which is losing support amid growing inequality. our africa editor fergal keane send this report. fergal: it is the ser normality of the day that stood out. a free election and a fair one. no drama, no violence. only the m hope thinight get better. >> after this election we are going to have especially the jobs. >>po i think it is very ant
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there should be fairness for everyone he and equality. fergal: this is the country's sixth democratic election in the 25 years since the end of apartheid. age 90, he walkefrom his soweto home to cast a vote at the school. voting is a privilege he will never take for granted. what is voting mean to you as a person? >> it means that we africans are voting now. before, it was the white people. incumbent, president ramaphosa, once a strong mandate to help hi defeat factions in the party mired in confidencehosa: the by our people is just amazing. this is a vote that reminds us
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of994. fergal: the anc is expected to win, but this party has a challenge to its dominance. economic freedom fighters want radical redistribution of wealth. continueople want to welfare, perpetuate the instituted corruption, they must continue to vote for the same pay they have been voting. fergal: the past shadows this electi. queues994, the long told the story of liberation from centuries of oppression. now a younger generation has apathy and alienation. half of those between 18 and 30 didls not sign on the voter r the fact that many young people didn't register to vote will worry all of the party. if history offers anlesson of ai is the necessity
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democratic process that holds leaders to account, that so many died to bring into being. this is a young democracy and a peaceful vote is a real hievement, but there will be turbulence ahead if the longing for change is unanswered. fergal keane, bbc news, johannesburg. laura: you are watching "bbc world newsmerica." still to come on tonight's program, three years, 490 national parks, one great adventure. how americans and set a new record and raise awareness along the way. asia bibi, the christian woman who was cleared last year of blasphemy charges in pakistan, has finally left the country after spending 8 years on death row. her case televised opinions in pakistan and anger christians worldwide. she arrived in canada, from whereheleem maqbool reports.
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t aleem:s been years since asia bibi was really a free woman. for much of the last decade she had a death sentence hangingov her, all because of her religion. a christian in pakistan, she got into an argument with muslime women rked with whons accused her ofting the prophet mohammed. a court convicted her of blasphemy and gave her the maximum penalty. when pakistan's highest court overturned the ruling last year, many hundreds of extremists took to the streets in anger. that led the pakistani government to give in to one of their demands, to force asia bibi to stay in the country. it appears the pakistani government has relented under massive international pressure, including pleas from the vatican, to let her leave and it appears to start a new life in canada. >>t the woman couldn've in
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her homeland free of discrimination and prejudice and the threat of deadly violence to her and her family. i am hap that she won't have to worry about that physical danger at least. aleem: the case, though, did acunt for the lives of two senior politicians who stood by her, including the punjab governor. the fact that his assassin became revered by many pakistis, with huge numbers turning out to honor him since he was executed, sent a chilling message to pakistan's minorities, that many of theirco trymen and women are against them. laura: not every gets shown off to the world, but of course, it is very y differet wh are a royal baby.
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prince harry and the duchess of sussex introduced thmer son to the s today, saying they are delighted with their little bundle of joy. and by the way, they have given him a name. the bbc's sarah campbell has more. sarah: the fir of many royal photocalls. having had two days to get to know baby archie in private, this was the time for his proud parents to show him off. meghan: magic. it is pretty amazing i have the two best guys in the world, so i am very happy.in ce harry: it is great. parenting is amazing. it has only been what, two and f ays, three days. just so thrilled to have our own little bundle of joy. sarah: nestled in his father'i's arms, gea close up view of the babies face was tcky. whodoes the seventh in line the throne take after? prince harry: the baby has
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changed so much. we are monitoring what happens over the next month, really. sarah: what does the public make of his name? archie harrison, what do you think? >> archie harrison. ok, not expecting that, not going to lie. littleing something more traditional. >> i think it is a good choice. entheywith something different. good for them, going with something that is clearly theirh ce and not a traditional royal name. >> archie harrison. that is candidate. >> that surprises me, actually. -- that is kind of i >> that surprises me, actually. >> it is kind of of the time. sarah: unaware of his royal status and unique place as an anglamerican mixed-race child at the heart of the monarchy, he slept through the entire photocall. meghan is really calm. it has been a dream. it has been a special couple of days. thank you all so much. thank yory thank you, edy, for the well wishes and the kindness.
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it means so much. sarah: and then it was off to meet the family. meghan's mother was the first meeting of baby archie and his great grandparents, the queen and duke of edinburgh, delighted to welcome an 8th grade grandchild. wiah campbell, bbc news, ndsor. laura: welcome to archie, our brand-w anglo american. if you have thought about loading up the car for an escape, an american has gone one better. he finished a record-setting three-year journey aisund the u.s.ing all the national parks. you was motivated by the passing of his -- he was motivated by the passing of his father. heived in a van and was sharing issues close to his heart. here is his story. >> police visited site in the entire national park service.
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-- finishlfe directed a world record three euro trip- road trip. from felt traversing the territory in tonight's dates, everything from the national parks to the national reserves from everything from hiking mountains to rafting rivers and visiting our most important cultural and historical landmarks. i was 19 at the time and it taught me an important lesson of chasing life while we have it and that tomorrow is not guaranteed. i wanted to do something at age 30, something czy. my worst fears came to fruitio halfway through my journey when an organization that had beenot sponsoring me me and told
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me they were pulling the sponsorship and terminating the contract because i was doing too mu lgbt outreach. essentially, i was too gay. on the bright side, i got messages from people who said this is the first time in my life i've seen someone outdoorsy and it gave me courage to be myself. i thought about putting is journey once a week. being on this road trip taught me that social media does not show all the parts of living in a van. it was tough. asit wold often. i needed wi-fi to do work. it was harder than i thought it would be. r,howeiving in a van traveling the me to see places i never thought i wouldro see, everywhere alaska to hawaii to our territories and every state in between. it was incredible to know that i thought i never thought i would leave my home state of nebraska anin i didn't do everyth all state and territory in nevis -- and i have been to every single state and territory and never single national park. laura: the incredible journey
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across the u.s. ending here in washington, d.c., at the lincoln memorial. i am laura trevelyan. thank you so much for watching "bbc world news america." >> with the bbc news app, our vertical videos are designed to tyle, sound your lif you can swipe your way through the news of the day and stay up-to-date with the latest headlines you can trust. download now from selected app stores. >> funding of this presentations ade possible by the freeman foundation, and judy and peter blum-kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. >> what are you doing? >> possibilities. yo. day is filled with them >> tv,lay "downton abbey." >> andbs helps everyone discover theirs.
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anytime, anywhere. pbs. we are with you for life. >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet, los angeles.
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captioning sponsoredy newshour productions, llc d >> woodruff: gening, i'm judy woodruff. on the newshour tonight, these u.s. hudiciary committee votes to hold attorney general william barr in contempt of congress, a move the democratic chairman says amounts to a constitutional crisis, as president trump asserts executive privilege over the mueller report. then, escalating tensions with iran-- a year after the u.s.he pulls out ofuclear deal, tehran signals it too will stop complying with parts of the landmark agreement. plus, inside a megafire.n miles on the race to protect california from devastating wildfires. >> you reallalmost need to know every tree, every bush, every piece of grass and what its state is to really predict what's going to happen

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