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tv   PBS News Hour  PBS  May 10, 2019 3:00pm-4:00pm PDT

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captioningnsored by newshour productions, llc d >> woodruff: gooening. i'm judy woodruff. on the newshour tonight: negotiations over the trade war hith china end without a deal, as the u.s. imposeer tariffs on more than $200 billion worth of chineds. then, we are on the ground in iowa as 2020 democratic priridential hopefuls make t pitches to the nation's first caucus voters. and, it's iday. mark shields and david brooks are here to discuss congress's vote to ho the attorney general in contempt, the fight over subpoeaning donalndtrump jr., ahe ongoing trade war with china.
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plus, masterworks by rembrandt. a major museum in amsterdam displays its entire collection of the dutch painter's work. >> we still have emotions in the 21st century. it's what defines us, lly, as human beings. so when we look at rembrandt's paintings, we actually experience our own humanity. >> woodruff: all that and more, on tonight's pbs newshour. >> major funding for the pbs newshour has been provided by: ♪ ♪ moving our economy for 160 years. bnsf, the engine that connects us.
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possible by the corporation for public broadcasting. and by contributions to your pbs station from viewers like you.u. thank >> woodruff: the u.s. chinave trade talks nded, for now. the new tariffs have just begun. esident trump imposed th higher, 25% levies overnight, in a bid to bring beijing to an agreement. and, he promised, they will help-- not hurt-- the u.s. but, the latest negotiations ended without resolving the standoff. and u.s. farmers, in particular, are bracing for further pain. we will have an extendedeport, after the news summary. wa street managed a modest rally, despite the ongoing china tensions. the dow jones industrial average gained 114 points to close at 25,942. the nasdaq rose six, and the s&p
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500 added ten. another top house democrat issued subpoenas today for six years of president trump's tax returns. congressman richard neal chairs ys and means committee. he had already made a formal request for the returns, but the treasury department rejected it this week. this comes on the day the chair of the u.s. house judiciary committee says he is open tofu her talks on obtaining the full mueller report. the chairman, democrat jerry nadl, sent a letter today to attorney general william barr. the committee voted this week to hold barr in contempt for not releasing the full report. t alay, nadler announced that special counsel robert mueller will not tngtify before ss next week, but talks continue on another da the u.s. and iran kept up a war of words tscay. tensionsated this week over u.s. claims of unspecified threats by tehran. today, the u.s. military
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confirmed that b-52 ers have arrived in qatar, and the aircraft carrier "abraham lincoln" is nearing the persian gulf. at a pentagon meeting, acting defense secretary patrick shanahan warned iran to tread carefully. >> it's important that iran derstand that an attack on americans or its interests would be met with an appropriate response. we will position ourselves, we will protect our interests, but we're there to build security. >> woodruff: earlier, a top commander in iran's powerful revolutionary guard rejected any talks with the u.s. president trump had said he would like iranian leaders to call him. the u.s. house of representatives approved asa er relief bill today, with $19 billion for flood victims,s farmd hurricane survivors.
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more than 30 republicans joined democrats to p, over the president's objections. he opposed additional funding in the bill for puerto rico's hurricane recovery. forecasters are warn severe storms and possible flash floods across the south this weekend. the weather system already dumped downpours from missouri to louisiana. in houston, cars strgled to push through high waters early o is morning, and rivers remained swollen ie afternoon. in the mederranean, u.n. migration officials say as many as 70 people drowned when their boat capsized today. the vessel had sailed from libya for europe when it sent a distress signal off the city of sfax in tunisia. it was the deadliest such incident since january. facebook founder mark zuckerberg met with french presidentem nuel macron today, under
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growing pressure over online hate speech. the meeting in paris came as french regulators issued a new report. they urged fines for social networks that do not removel hatentent. back in this country, washington state has ended childhood exemptions from the measles vaccine on personal orph osophical grounds. a law signed today still allows exemptions for medical orre religiouons. more than 760 cases of measles are confirmed nationwide this year, including more than 70 in washington state. and, today marked 150 since the completion of the transcontinental railroad. a final,olden spike was hammered into place in utah on may 10, 69. today, thousands of visitors celebrated with a reenactment. the transcontinental line cut cross-country travel time fr
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six months to roughly ten da. still to come on the newshour: the trump administration places higher tariffs on $200 billion worth of chinese goods. on the ground in iowa, as 2020 democratic presidential hopefuls campaign across the state. mark shields and david brooks break down a busy week in washington. toe risks that illegal tiger trafficking poses he endangered species. and, much more. >> woodruff: the u.s.-china trade war intensified today, as the trump administration increased tariffs on imports from china. as nick schifrin reports,ne china's totiator left washington without an agreement. to schifrin: on a sunny friday arning in washingn, the trade
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war escalated wiandshake. the top chinese and u.s. negotiators ended theith round of talks corally, but the two countries are in economic conflict. today, the u.s. increased tarifffrom 10% to 25% on $200 billion of chinese exports, including seafood, luggage, purses, and parts sold to u.s. companies such as circuit boards, microprocessors, and machiner and the u.s. is threatening to go even further and impo tariffs on all cell phones, clothing, and laptops made in china, and exported to the u.s.s innse, the chinese foreign ministry vowed "necessary countermeasures," and spesman geng shuang asked the u.s. to give a little. >> ( translated ): the two sides need to meet each other halfway. >> schifrin: but the u.s. accuses china of not going halfway. u.s. officials say that over 11 rounds of negotiations, they hammered out a 150-page deal with changes to chinese laws that would open the chinese market to u. companies, and protect u.s. technology and
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intellectual property. but last weekend, the u.s. believes xi jinping rejected those law changes. w were getting very close to a deal. then they started to renegotiate the deal.we an't have that. we can't have that. our country can take in $120 billion of dollars a year in tariffs. pahe for mostly by china, by way. not by us. a lot of people try steer it in a different direction. it's really paid, ultimately, it's paid for by, la by china. >> tariffs are taxes the americans pay. nthey're taxes that ameri companies pay. ultimately, they're taxes that consumers pay. and they're taxes that result in job losses in the united states. si schifrin: steve lamar is the executive vice pnt of the american apparel and footwear association. he opposes this und of tariffs, and says if further tariffs are imposed on d everything made and shipt of china, the victims will be american consumers. >> if you realize that 82% of our backpacks and pues and travel goods come from china, 70% of footwear comes from china, 42% of our apparel comes from china-- when you tax these
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items, that results in about $500 increase for an average family of four. >> schifrin: and some of the families worst hit by the trade war are farmers. >> my name is daniel richard. the richard family has been eafarming for around 100 y. my grandfather, great grandfathe and myself, and hopefully the next generation. >> schifrin: daniel richard farms soybeans, rice and crawfish in louisiana.is he and hellow farmers were hit by chinese retaliatory tariffs, making it impossible to sell their crop. they had to leave them in the fid to die. and today, soybean prices are sa low, he t cover his costs. he spoke to us from his phone on his farm. >> at the selling price it isns now, at $8 beawe can't pay e expenses that we're putting out in the field. so we're unprofitable as soolaas we put theer out in the field. >> schifrin: he doesn't blamep. president tr ues both sides to make a deal to
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save amecan family farms. he fears his son won't be able to follow in his footsteps. >> he justraduated from college.se i can in his heart, and his blood, he's got it in him. and he's definitely got the work ethic. but he sees what's goi on right now. there's other opportunities out there. it's notust the farms that are hurting. it's these little communities that areurting. >> schifrin: administration officials say they understand that short-term pain, and ask for patience as they try to change long-term chinese economic behavior. but for now, as it was in washington this afternoon, there could be stormy days ahead. this afternoon, though, president trump called today's discussions "candid and constructive," and the conversations will continue. to talk this through, we get twf ing views. ryan hass was the director for china on the national security counl staff during the obama administration. he is now a brookings institution fellow. and, derrick scissors has wrten extensively about china's economy, and is a resident scholar at the american enterprise institute.
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thanks for joining us. was there a breakdown? >> there does appear to be a breakdown. as a consequence, we have tariffs. tunnel with no id in sight. this a step down in our tunnel with no end in sight? >> if you wanted the deal on the table, it is. i was not at all convinced he deal on the table was going to work. i thought china's inceptives to keep promises on intellectual property were low, and then thea chinesed that up by say weg don't want to make the legal changes that even mht lead us to keeping our word on intellectual property. so it's certainly a step away
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from the deal. i don't think that's necessarily a step down the dark turnl. s> meaning you don't think it' necessarily a bad thing to step away from that deal? >> that's right. it's going to be very dif to get china to change its policy on intellectual property as well as other subsidies on enterprises. it shouldn't be a deal the president makes in a phone cll with xi jinping. as some implied we're going to have difficulties in the negotiations. thul is what the process sh look like. >> ryaryan, intellectual proper, subsidies for state owned enterprises, forced technology transfer, these are the things the u.s. is tryi toat the time china to change. can tariffsieve that? >> we've over estimated ouril yo to muscle the chinese into accepting our will and the american people are feeling the painti if the qu is are we going to get absolute surrender from the chinese, imery
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pessimistic that's the case. if we can make progress where progress is p isiblhink we should do so. >> derrick, is that enough progress, as ryan put it, rather than get the chinese to surrender. >> i disagree with both premises in ryan's point.am when he saysrican people are feeling the pain, farmers are feeling the pain. aggregate u.s. growth is strong, prices are low. i n't see much pain by china tariffs. maybe by bad fiscal policy but not the china policy. it's a false dichotomy to say the idea is we have to accept the chinese offer or they have to surrender. as i said, this is going to be a lorntion difficult proserksz we're not going to get everything we want. but toake a deal so you can remove on the certain to the stock market or the like would be a mistake to hurt the u.s. foyears to come. >> ryan,hort-term pay for long-term gain? >> all we're seeing now is the
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pain without accompanying gain. i think the american people were support *eu6 of president trump shaking things up and trying a new approach witchina, i think there was merit it in, but they nted to achieve a purpose not attack china on principa princid now we're in is escalatory spiral where neither appears to want to take a step back fromin the and i don't think that's a good place for the united states to be. >> let me ask about leverage now. whews more leverage, the united states or china, and do both leaders believe right now that they can actually push the other e ound? >> i ht. pushing the other around for no goal is not a good strategy to get what you want. do i think the u.s. has more leverage. the president is right ab that. but the leverage has to be applied over an extended period of time. if the b presidecomes impatient as it seems he was
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late last year and early this year, then we can't use that leverage. the u.s. leverage advantage is a long-term leverage advantage. it's not about signing on tariffs and then saying a wee later are you ready mike a deal. we're going to have to have some pain to get china to change policies, if we're not willing to put up with the pairntion we should abandon the process and sign a short-term deal that does very little. >> i think derrick makes a good point, in tre neiations, the patient, disciplined party has an advantage. tright now the chinese aring to stake out that territory. the chinese have a view that theyave leverage because the closer that we get to our 2020 presidential election, the more desires president trump will b of a deal. the united states believes that it has leverage because our tronomy is strong and china -- the trump adminion believes china's economy is brittle and president xi nee a deal. we find ourselves in a dilemma where th sides think they have leverage over the other and
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neither wants to compromise to make a deal. >> do you see the u.s. make compromises? >> no, it should not. again, if you start with the premis problems in our relationship with china, you don't try to get to a quick outcom you have to deal with uncertainty and risk and stock hemarket losses and allhings that come in with the law of negotid ions. we shot be in a hurry to make the deal. ryan may be right that the president sees the need ke a deal before the 2020 election. i hope that's not true. i hope he continues to rec support as he has from both parties because both parties have realized we nead a che eththe china relationship an not going to be easy. >> ryan haas, you mention whether the perspective from the chinese that the u.s. actuallys ss leverage, there's a notion of the chinese officials i talked tao that bsically say you guys can't take the political heat or the presidentt can't tae political heat and actually make sacfices. is that right? >> well, nick, i think you're
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right. i think there's a baked-inti assu that the chinese have that the american political system is ill equipped for pain tolerance and the chinese see that to their advantage. they see their top-down system where they have a leader that doesn't face reelection, a leader that has control over highs media and can tamp down scontent orcess and a leader that can allocate resource where is they needed has distinct advantages on a systemic level relative to the united states. i would lie for us to prove them wrong as an american, but we will see. >> derrick, last word to you. do you have faith that the administration is going to pursue this path in the correct way, in your opinion? >> no, i'm afraid not. i think the president'senonstant co about his friendship with xi jinping make it difficult to have faith. i think he deserves great credit for identifying the problem and being more aggressive than president obama and president bush, we need that,
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but i think the president isr looking for a sonal connection to xi to seal a deal that will benefit the united states for a year or two but no solve the problems we have can w china. >> derrick scissors with theam ican enterprise institute, ryan haas, brooking, thanks to you both. >> thank you. re >> woodruff: theretill nine months before the first votes of the 2020 presidential election, but the battle to win the iowa caucuses well underway. just in the last week, eight demoatic hopefuls have campaigned across the state. amna nawaz talked to voters in the hawkeye state, to find out how they are sorting out whom to support. >> nawaz: it's after 7:00 on a tuesday night... >> oh, there's andrea. >> nawaz: ...whi means book club night for ruth and scott thompson. >> did you sign in? okay, perfect! >> nawaz: but in des moines, iowa, in the run-up to a heated presidential contest, even book clubs can become political.
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do you ever not talk about politics? >> we talk about what channel we're going to watch politics on. >> baseball, once in a while. >> yeah. laughs ) >> nawaz: this particular grouph with mor 700 members, is making its way through every candidate biography published so far... >> how would you help a state nvke that build an economy? >> nawaz: ...then,ing them to take questions. tonight? >> i understand the anxiety that people feel... >> nawaz: it's former housingpm and urban devet secretary julian castro's turn. julian castro has ready spent 14 days in the state. in fact, every single democratic presidential candidate has already visited iowa at least once this election cycle. in a crowded democratic field of more than 20, candidates ati hoping that te moments like this... >> can i get you to sign my book? >> nawaz: ...early in the cycle, could lead to support in the inl-important iowa caucuse february, the first in the
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country. >> a l of people don't know anything about me. and so, it's a great opportunity every time i get in front of an audience here in iowa or one of the other states, to let them know where i'm coming from andto what i wano for them and for their family. that is why i'm here. >> nawaz: the night before, the thompsons went to see formerbe congressma o'rourke on his third trip to iowa. >> well, ultimately, it's going to be up to the voters in iowa, those who go to the caucuses to widetermine who the nomine be or at least who's going to have a head start from the rest of the field coming out of iowa. we've held now more than 120 town hall meetings over the last six weeks across 14 states, most of them here in iowa. st name a candidate, and they're already here in some form.na >> m is deepak. i'm an organizer with the cory booker campaign. how are you doing today? >> nawaz: senator booker's team is stling in to their state headquarters... >> can we count on you to attend? >> nawaz: ...hosting a slate
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of events to start getting caucus-goers to commit. >> i know there are a lot candidates in this race. elaney is a congressman from maryland. >> nawaz: ten minutes down theng road, ssman delaney's office-- one of eight in the state-- is humming with activity, drumming up support. >> have you given any thought to who you might be supucrting in the es next year just yet? >> being a winner is always inimportant, and being ther of the first contest is always impoant in the presidential sweepstakes. nawaz: kay henderson, news director for radio iowa, has covered presidenal elections for 30 years. she's seen dozens of candidates come through her home ste, courting votes. >> the last four nominees for the democratic party have won the iowa caucuses, so it's an important contest from that respective. it also gives candidates the chance to travel the state and test their message.ha >> large anything else? >> nawaz: one iowa pit-stop for
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caidates to test those messages is smokey row coffeehouse. y already thr, castro, senator elizabeth warren, and entrepreneur andrew yang p hased through, among others. no candidates here today, but cal businessmen t.j. johnsrud and jim townsend are happy to break down the field over breakfast. one's independent, the other republican, but both say they're open to registering and caucusing as democrats this year. >> we're the first in the country, so this is where theyge known. >> this a good place for it to start, actually. they get vetted pretty quickly, you know. >> nawaz: so has anyonk out to you so far? >> well, i think o'rourke is an interesting guy.ke beto, i he's got an interesting name, anyway. and joe biden of course is a known commodity, and berni sanders. >> nawaz: what is you're looking for in a candidate? >> oh boy. civility, maybe. acting like a president. >> nawaz: a few tably, elaine imlau and ann rezarch say they've been tracking the field. >> i've seen kamala harris. and i've seen cory booker.
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and bernie sanders. and andrew yang. >> nawaz: both are registered democrats. it's worth noting, in a state at donald trump won by t points in 2016. but they say they're waiting to pick until the pack thins out. paying close attention to one thing: >> who's civil. n az: that's a big thing for you? >> that's a big thing for me after everything that's been going on. >> nawaz: what about you? does that matter to you as well? >> i want somebody who can win. and normally that wouldn't be my-- i usually go with who i feel would be the best. and i'm having a lot of internal conflict about, who do i think would be t best, who do i ink could actually win, and that might not be the same person. >> nawaz: kay henderson says iowans are approaching this crowded field with open minds.ha >>was certainly not the case in 2015 at this point, because you had people who were clinton supporters and you had t peopt were sanders supporters, and never the twain
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did imet. but thisaround, i go to candidate events in a certainhe community, andame people are turning out to see multiple candisates. >> thio hard. i've never struggled with choosing a candidate the way that i have this year. >> nawaz: the thompsons are far from deciding, but a few candidates top their lists right now... >> so elizabeth warren, amy klobuchar, beto and julian and pete. >> so yeah, pete buttigieg, elizabeth warren, amy klobuchar. >> but, first and foremost having lived through 2016, my first question is, can they win? >> nawaz: is that one of the most important things to both of you now, is can this person win? can this person beat president trump? >> yeah, we're not so idealistic at it's-- our principle is, we need to win. >> nawaz: there is a world in which you guys could disagree o whndidate you support. ( laughter ) and you're both very politically active. >> we've taken the pledge that if we end up in different campaigns, we won't sharer strategies ogive away campaign
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secrets, because we are trusted to... >> nawaz: you'll build a wall between the two of you. >> yes. yes. >> nawaz: can you do that? >> yeah. oh, oh yeah. oh yeah, we can. ( laughter ) >> nawaz: and they'll have plenty of chances to meet the candidates again and again, as campaigns continue to build up eir staff on the ground, and the candidates descend for this summer's iowa state fair. for the pbs newshour, i'm amnan nawaz,s moines, iowa. >> woodruff: and now, to thef analysis oields and brooks. that is syndicated columnist mark shields, and "nk times" columnist david brooks. hello to both of you. so before we turn to all the whatever y want to callit that's happened in washington this week, mark, let's talk about iowa. we heard this voter tell amna,
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this is hard. i don't ow why it's so h, only 23 candidates. >> that's right, amna captured the iowa essence. i mean, these people take their responsibity very seriously. >> woodruff: they do. it's not casual. they are gatekeepers, betweennd iowa new hampshire, they are 1.4% of the population of the country, and unlesyou finish in the top three in iowa and the top two in new hampshire, you will not be elected president o the united stased on the historical precedent, and that's why it kes sense tore mr. castro and mr. o'rourke to be spending time on that.e >> if you lovpolitics, this is the time to. so there are candida everywhere you can drive in beautiful wet around see beautiful candidates and it peaks at the state fair where they all cojugate my most profound political coverage moment was covering gary bower running in th republican primary as he toured a refrigerated railway car with
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the last car sculpted in butter. >> woodruff: state fair. state fair. have that on the calendar at the "newshour". >> raise the cholesterol level of the entire state press core. >> woodruff: let's talk about what's going on in washington there week. the escalating batbetween the congress and the white house. just today the chairman of the ways and means committee in the house richard neal is subpoenaing the secretary of the treasury, the head of the i.r.s. to go after the president's tax returns, this on top obpf nas for the president's sons, subpoenas for the attorne. gene what do we make of all this? >> well, i think it's approaching almost situationaln overloadrms of we're talking about subpoenas from committees, including the house intelligence committee, the house banking committee, the judiciary committee, across the
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board, and now we have the intelligence committee in the senate led by republicans, as you mentioned, that have subpoenaedhe president's son. i just think, judy that, in awa strang, this plays to donald trump's strength. i mean, donald trump lives in chaos. i think it's sort almost an emotional and technological and intellectual overload given the fact that we're on the cusp of war in iran, in venezuela, and a showdown with the chinese, but this iwhat he thrives on, and i think there's almost an i dare you to impeach me attitude.rl >> woodruff: od for the american people? >> the american people and thiss t -- the system wasn't intended for this. i mean, this isn't the way it's nstructed, that we can deal with crisis upon crisis upon crisis. >> woodruff: the democrats say they are very serious about al this, they want this information, they want this
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testimony. i mean, are they pursuing the right strategy for them? >> well, no, neither side is. it's a complete breakdown of the checks and balances system. the present has to say, congress, i need you. i need you to oversee what i'm doing and correct for my imbalances and i will cooperate with you and that's the normal way we do tbusiness andhe trump administration is not doing that. that's the first crisis.in if you're to do oversight, you have to oversee and at least try to be a productive force here. it's escalation on the side of mocrats and it's become an attack machine. there's a lot of talk about jailing people, holding multiple people in contempt. this fight over redaction is the wrong fight t hav >> woodruff: of theeller report. >> the last maority 95% are
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elite democrats and the negotiation broke dow but to me issuing orders ofem co which may go forward just freezes everything. it just pushes everything to the courd and we sit there do knotting for a couple of years. so there's a way to do this and not to do this, so there's a lot of error on the trump administration, but you think the democrats across the committees are walking slowly toward impeachment and we could end up impeachment. >> woodruff: mark, last night jerry nadler chairman of the house judicia committee said we don't carry out our responsibility we are not undersling what the wanted and expect the congress to do which is have oversight over the ecutive branch. >> it's a legime argument. if you lay down a precedent, literay, that this president gets away with what he's getting away with, and the congress does
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nothing, then that certainly lays a precedent for the next prjuident. i thin to add to the point david made, donald trump, accordinto u.s.a. today, which has established a datbase, has been a plaintiff or a defendant 4,095 lawsuits. now think about that. i mean, that's an awful lot. >> woodruff: over his creer. over his career. i mean, about employment, about contracts, abos. subcontract you name it.u lk abou about litigious, he thrives on this. and i think playing to h strength, quite honestly, and he's sitting there, quite honestly, with 91% of approval among republicans, ad that, i think, intige daes his own party. g> woodruff: are the two you have sayin democrats should
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drop this? >> no. they should be in the position of informing american voters. the facmueller may not testify is outrageous. mueller should testify, so theyh should be inat base. basically they're walking up the line to impeachment and you can see the passions rising as theyd get further further down the line and there's a difference between going towa the prosecutorial impeachment and having hearings to educate the american votwh. you go down one path, you're trying to appease the party at wants impeachment, and the problem when you try to empeople. , you end up emboldening and tu it into a attack game who does donald trump want to be his opposite member? does he want it to be presidential candidates, most of whom are kind of attractive whom he's running again? or would rather run against kong? any presidentould wanto run against kong. >> woodruff: democrats are saying we want this information.
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the adminiration is sang we're not giving it to you. how does this get resolved?o, >>here's no question they're playing absolutely hard ball and they're being -- and they're nobeing respectful of the law in the least. i think, judy, we have to make e difference is the russians winnervolved in this election i6 make no mistake about it. the intelligence ageie concluded that unanimously. they were around in 2018. they got all the way into a countyn florida in its official site. so that is alegitimate area. are bewie going to have elections for americans and not interference? no one can argue that save donald trump. his ownra adminion is mindful of that. >> woodruff: that's what you they they shld talk about? >> i think that's where they
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should be going. >> a senator should ac like a omnator, richard burrer, the republican frnorth carolina who wants to bring donald, jr. estigate that question. the rest of the republican party went crazy because he's acting like a senator who wants to get to the bottom of aer are serious issue. >> and to point out hisown colleague tom tillis in north carolina who wrote a very edight towed forward op- peace in "the washington post" opposing donald trump's national emergency on building the all and caved like a four-sellar suithen donald trump objected, when after his own colleague richard burr criticized him for leading a partisan investigation. >> woodruff: david, i want to turn to talnews today ann about china, the president basically saying, and we're throwing these tariffs down and this is the way it's going to bh be. the president's thrown down the
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gauntlet knowing farmers, u.s. automakers, manufacturers are going to suffer. >> and people on the cen right think this will be ridiculous, trade wars are unwinnable. but i'm struck that something has to be done by china w, that they are moving up the supply chain and up to te industries, the a.i. and high-tech industries and are doinit by stealing. the systemic threat that chinaak presents hard negotiation and even some tariffs acceptable. so china has brought this on themselves and has converted a lot of people radically pro free trade into thinking we've got to do something about china. >>meoodruff: is it thing, though, mark, the president should be thinking about? there re voters out there concerned with farmers' interests and otheu.r s. economic interests that will be hurt by this. >> sure ere are, judy. but this is a time if ever there
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was one when you want a coalition of nations, and we find ourselves isolated increasingly under thisst admition and this president's approach. i mean, this is a time for coordinated collective, strong approach to and enforcement with china, and i agree with david that china has to befr conted. i mean, whethe--onald trump has one great asset going into 2020, and that is a booing american booning american economy. >> woodruff: you are saying this is risk? >> i think it definitely puts it at risk. >> you could have a very bad outcome with an actual trade tradewar. you can see where you could have a good oucome and a lot of different scenarios in between, but the possibility of a real trade war is a possibility. i wish we could have more
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coidence in our side o the table. >> woodruff: iran. is the president wi tse athis point to be pushing iran? we've got a carier moving into the region, we've gotb -52. what are we looking at here? >> to me these a foreign policy. it has a side of toughness but there's o actual inter-agency or delivery mechanism, so to me it looks like bluster. >> two battle carrier groups, dy, one in the med and one in the guvment this is serious stuf we're talking about a president who got elected by witnghdra from american entanglements, and this is serious stuff. and i just commendoth senator tim kaine, the democrat from virginia, and todd young, the representativrepublican from ine trying to get congress to confront the fact they have never repead the authorization
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of the military force, which since world war ii 153,000 americans have died in uniform without any declaration of war. >> woodruff: mark shields, david brooks, thank you. >> woodruff: earlier this week, the united nations warned at roughly one million of the world's species are on the verge of extinction-- more than at any other ti in human history. as william brangham reports, one of those scies under threat, is one of the most iconic animals on earththe tiger. >> brangham: that's right, judy. it's estimated there are fewer than 4,000 tigers remaining in the wild today, down from roughly 100,000 in the early 1900s. more tigers now live iny captivan in the wild, and many of those can be found in so-called tiger farms, where they are bred, raised and then slaughtered-- sold for their skin and body parts on the black
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market. in a new investigative report for the "washington post," terrence mccoy traveled to laos in southeast asia, and got an inside look at some of these farms, and t grisly trade that keeps them afloat.oi and he me now. welcome. >> thanks for having me. it's an incredible brutal and rful piece of reporti you've done about this market and the forces that are driving it. can you jut start off by telling us what is driving this market? what do people want tiger parts for? >> ta big question we had when we first start off is what on earth do people want tigers for? the most iconic species. we found some of the qualities that make the tiger so iconic its undoing, because it's so strong and ferociou it's become sort of a medicine for a lot of folks in china for traditional chinese medicine that they think all the elements
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that makes a tiger what it is can be used to treat human ailments and the other factor iseth becing a status symbol that if you are wealthy enough, you can actually wear tiger on you. it's a luxury item. so this has created a circumstanere people wanted it for medicine and to show off th >> just for the record, there is no medicinal to benefit or imbibing anything from a tiger? >> no medicinal benefit from it whatsoever. t ere have been rumors going back 1400 years early no medicinal benefits to that lsatsoever. >> your report is a profile of this man, karl ammanwhoou basically travel with throughout southeast asia, h is this striking quickssottic activist figure. can you tell us about him? >> it's a profile of obsession d somebody becomes so consumed by their mission that thas all
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that they do. std karl amman hase bcome a don quixote figure, omeone shouting in the wind. there are a lot of discussion now about the extinction rates and for decas people haven't been listening. he's doing more investigation and saying this is happening in the world anwe have to take note of it. >> you visit several tiger farms in the course of you reporting, some are small and look ramshackle. others are almost industrial ale in their size. i mean, you must have been shocked to see thikind of -- this sort of farming of an animal like a tig. and the most amazing thing was you have been driving down the roads in laos that are rural and beyond the gates wasi something of austrial enterprise that they could farm hundreds of tigers in these aces and we would have a drone going over it and, inside that footage, you would see tigers as
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small as ants prowling around, and you could see this is an dustrial operation that we are great creating out of the tiger becomes a produ along this assembly line. >> the thing that comes through in your reporting is the difficulty of trying to stam out this trade because all the nations you visit and all the big southeast asian and asian nations say we want to put as stop to thrade but it persists, as your reporting shows. why is it hard to staout? >> there's a difference between passing law and act enforcing it. in a lot of countries where wildlife trafficking is rampant is there are same places thandt have mic poverty and struggles and a lot of these countries don't have the legal framework or will to take on entrenched wildlife interests in the country that wfft to tra the animals, and also you have people who are struggling to survive. it's easy for you and i to say they shouldn't be doing this,
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but ulteimately it's t decision between poaching an animal, trafficking an animal or not being able to feed the family. unfortunately, we have people making those decisions to work in this enerprise. >> karl amman whom you followt has lly been tracking this one particular tiger farmer for years. there is an incredible scene where he meets him final after years of hunting this man. describe that scene. >> it typifieshe same idea where he has been even tracking this person for five years, and it grws into this larger than life figure in karl's mind,wh e he's talking in intimate detail about he he goes abou butchering these tiempleghts and he meets him. he finds not a gangster, but he finds somebody who's in dusty, dirty pants and flip-flops, smoking cigarette and drinking a beer. and what he finds is somebody who's impoverished. what karl realizes in that
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moment is it's one more bit player in a world unable to save itself really aremendous piece of reporting, terrance mccoy, "the washington post." thank you so much. >> thanks for having me. >> woodruff: 2019 marks the 350th anniversary ofhe death of the dutch master painter, rembrandt. to celebrate his life and legacy, museums in the netherlands are dedicatinghe entire year to new exhibit showcasing his work. jeffrey brown has this from amsterdam, as part of our ongoing arts and culture series, "canvas." >> brown: every day, thousands of visitors crowd into amsterdam's rijksmuseum to catch a glimpse of one of history's most celebrated art works, a masterpiece of storytelling, light and shadow, on a mammoth scale. but we got our own after-hoursit look aand the other works
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in the museum's extraordinaryne exhibition, titled "all the rembrandts." it's part of the netherland's celebrations commemorating isthe 350th anniversary of death, and marks the first time this world-renowned museum has made its entire collection of inmbrandts open to the public. >> this is a onc-lifetime opportunity to see it all out. >> brown: jane turner is curator of prints. >> it's something you can just come back to over and ov again, and each time you look, you'll see something ndi and somethinerent. >> brown: there are 22 painting including grand portraits of dutch high society and scenes from the bible. 60 drangs, and more than 300 prints. they span his career, and show an artist unmatched at capturinh humanity in his subjects, even in sketches of daily life, like this one of a pancake-maker
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and some very hungry children. >> she looks a bit cynical, and she's thking, "you'll get your pancake when i see the money." and the young kid... it's brilliant. so he's digging in his pocket and he's really, really digging mbrandt, he's managed... he makes the leg bent a bit. and so you really feel that movement of trying to find his coin. >> brown: but this is a street scene, right? i mean, it's just something...s >> t a street scene. this is something that he would have seen. but it's the brilliance with which he observes humanity. >> b offer a glimpse into rembrandt himself, and his development as an artist. see the artist thinking on paper. there are mistakes, and he doesn't try to cover it up. d he's nng it for somebody else, or to sell. he does it for himself. and then you get the rawofinside glimpshat he thinks, what makes him laugh, what makes him grieve, what makes him sad. h >> brown: one main subjects was himself. athe exhibition opens wit roomful of self-portraits, done
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througut his life. smiling, frowning, young, and old. he used them, in part, to practice techniques that would come to embody his larger works. in other cases, they served as a statement to the outside world, one thatmes had its critics. >> they called him the first heretic in art history. >> brown: jonathan bikker is curator of research here, and author of the new book "rembrandt: biography of a rebel." io>> a number of them mentd that he broke the rules of our art. >> brown: which meant what? >> a variety of things.f somee things they accused him of doing we wouldn't think of as radical at all. for example, painting old wrinkled women, for example what you wpposed to do was to select the best, the most beautiful things in nature, and improve upon that. rembrandt didn't do that.ra
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for ret, this was the ideal playing field for light and dark. >> bwn: for bikker, the culmination of rembrandt's achievement is the painting " known e jewish bride," a portrait of two lovers cast asen the old tests isaac and rebekah. >> this is the greatest painted ode to love that was ever made. >> brown: the greatest? >> the greatest. >> brown: it also shows rembrandt's technique. here, the use of thick layers of richly colored paint. >> it's modeled like clay. the high point of that technique is figuratively and literally in the sleeve oisaac. that is the thickest passage of paint in any 17th century painting produced in europe. every painting that rembrandt did was a different experiment. >> brown: the celebration also sheds new light on rembrandt, the man. walking the streets of amsterdam, a celebrity artist in
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his own day, in one of thewo d's wealthiest cities. >> he lived on quite a large scale, he spent a lot of money, he was an avid collector of inexpensive and beautiful . >> brown: lidewij de koekkoek is the director of the rembrandt house museum. rembrandt originally bought the house at the height fame, near one of amsterdam's iconic canals, and used it as a living space, studio and workshop for his apprentices. a w exhibition examines hi social network: family, friends and colleagues. >> we have this romantic idea about rerandt being very grumpy, being a lonely genius. but he wasn't out at all. rtmean, he was obsessed by and art was foremost in his life. so he surrounded himself with people, and that is what the exhibition shows. people that shared h interest in art, that he could discuss art with. connoisseurs, pupils, artist friends. >> brown: well-connected, but not always easy.
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>> we of course ink of him as a genius, but a genius with-- i don't know, with temper, and ngopinionated, and not bei always a very nice guy. >> brown: alette fleischer, an art historian, leads tours on rembrandt in amsterdam, and took us to the royal palace, te of one of the lowest points of his career. as the story goes, rembrandt was commissioned to paint a portrait of the first century warrior gaius civilis, but his version-- a moody and gritty depiction-- was not what his benefactorswe expecting, and they pulled the painting shortly after its completion. >> the client wanted one thing, ryd he gave them another s and he was completely sure that what he did was the right thing. his man was more truthfully >> brown: while he continued to receive commissions, his pater lived turbulent. overspending led rembrandt to
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declare bankruptcy, and hedepent the remaof his life in relative poverty. he was buried in a rental grave here at the westerkerk. his remains eventually moved, and lost to history. >> it was a life filled with success, happiness, great tragedy. >> brown: and it's all there in ethe artwork, notably in portraits of his wife, saskia. she gave birth to four children, but only one survived to adulthood. and shherself died just shy of her 30th birthday. curator jane turner: l>> this is gritty everyde, and poignant, and you can imagine him wanting to sit with her because she's sad or she's ill or whatever. and while he sits with her, he draws her. >> brown: and it comes through that he loves her. >> hadores her. he absolutely adores her.
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and yeah, you do see that. >> brown: for jonathan bikker, it's that ability that keeps rembrandt relevant and beloved, 3.5 centuries after his death. >> we st 21st century.ns in the it's what defines us, basically, as human beings. so when we look at rembrandt's paintings, but also his etchings and his drawings, we actually experience our own humanity. >> bro: the exhibition "all the rembrandts" runs through june 10.fo the pbs newshour, i'm jeffrey brown at the rijksmuseum in amsterdam. >> woodruff: finally tonight, some sad news. last month, we reported on ariella stein, an 11-year-old girl featured in our story on "hope for henry," a program that helps hospitals support seriously ill children.
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ariella lost her battle with cancer yesterday. you can see our original story about her and the program on our website. our thoughts and prayers are with her family, friends and her caregivers. and that is the newshour for tonight. i'm judy woodruff. have a great weekend. thank you, and good night. or >> major fundinghe pbs newshour has been provided by: >> kevin. >> kevin! >> kevin? >> advice for life. life well-planned. learn more at raymondj.com.>> bnsf railway. >> consumer cellular.be >> b a language program that teaches spanish, french, italian, german, and more. >> supporting social
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entrepreneurs and their solutions to the world's most pressing problems-- skollfoundation.org. >> the william and flora hewlett foundation. for more than 50 years, advancing ideas and supporting institutions tpromote a better world. at www.hewlett.org. >> and with the ongoing support of these institutions and friends of the newshour. captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc captioned by media access group at wgbh
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. hell everyone. welcome to amanpour and company. here's what's coming up. i don't think there's ever been a negotiation that was ever any more difficult than this 48 hours with almost no sleep. people dieing. >> in a world where personality often trumps policy, we dig deep into one of the biggest characters in american diplomacy. richard holbrook. we're taken on a sweeping tour through the eyes of the globe trotting diplomat. then, aging in america.in reng employment as people live longer and longer. plus -- >> time to listen. >> breathing life into england's first published female poet. the acclaimed play "amelia" is shining a

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