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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  May 13, 2019 2:30pm-3:00pm PDT

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>> this is "bbc world news america." >> funding of this presentation on made possible by the freeman founda vland judy and peter blum- foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. >> wow, that is unbelievable. ♪ >> i'm flying! ♪
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>> stay curious. ♪ [applause] >> and now, "bbc world news." laura: this is "bbc world news america." reporting from washington, i am laura trevelyan. china retaliates in the high-stakes battle between beijing and washington. global markets take a tumble as more tariffs loom. president trump rolls out the d carpet for hungary's controversial prime minister itdeconcerns over viktor orbán's rule at >> ♪ que sera, sera whatever will be, will be ♪ laura: plus, remembering doris
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day. the singer and actress who saws massive succduring hollywood's golden age has died at 97. laura: welcome to our viewers on public television here in america and around the globe. china is punching ck at the u.s. as the trade war between the world's two largest economies turns nasty. beijing announced n tariffs on tens of billions of dollars of u.s. goodske to ffect in june. president trump has hit back, saying he could impose even more tariffse on chinoducts. with some farmers wanting to will go bust if this goes on -- warning they will go bust if this goes on, it was wall street's worst day in four months as fears grow about the wall street plunged on monday as investors were spooked by the worsening trade war betweenu. china and th since china's announcement it will raise tariffs on $60 billion of american goods
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which is so rattled the market. on state tv, the anchor told viewers china wod fight to the last. beijing's retaliation came after talks between u.s. and chinese negotiors in washington ended without a deal on friday, and mr. trump raised tariffs on 200 billion dollars worth of chinese goods, claiming beijing backed out of a deal. the u.s. president is insisting that there is nothing to worry about. es. trump: i love the position we are in. there can be some retaliation,it buannot be substantial by comparison. laura: but his own economic advisor admits that american companies and consumers will feel the pain as pces on goods imported from china rise. >> t president says china pays the tariffs. they may sufr consequences, but it is u.s. businesses and consumers who pay, correct?
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>> i don't disagr with that. both sides will suffer on this. laura: trump is the set to meet xi jinping at the g20 meaning in june. the question is which leader blinks first in the escalating trade war. for more on china's decision to impose additional tariffs on the u.s.,ne i was jearlier by the u.s. correspondent for the bbc's chinese service. what did you make of the town of china's announcement, especially the defiant statement on state tv?to reporter: th was quite combative. unusual for chinese standards. in the past few months when the chinese state media reported on trade talks, they usuaed the term "trade frictions" between the u.s. and china. sometimes e words trade war did come up.
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it is very unusual to see it in ntraltime tv on the television news program, which is widely watched in the country. it is a strong signal to the domestic audience that the government is not backing down. laura: but president trump is warning that he could impose even more tariffs on $300 billion worth of chinese goods.o that hurt china? zhaoyin: indeed, it will be very worrying for china. with a full frontal trade war it is likely that gdp growth will be lower than 6%, and that will be lower than the target set by the government. laura: we do know that president trump will meet president xi at the g20 in june. is that gog to be a real act of brinkmanship? zhaoyin: the question is whether this meeting in japan will be like their last meeting in argentina, which was somewhat successful -- they reached a trade truce at the time -- or
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more like a second trump-kim summitth that bo sides return empty-handed. we will have to see. beijing has been cautious to avoid the second scenario. they want to iron out all the differences between the two leaders meet. laura: do you think china is in this for the long haul rathergr thaning to the u.s. demands that it open up its economy and stop subsidizing tinese companies? zhaoyin: well, ink china sees the political dynamic in the u.s. right now, trump would have to appeal to his domestic base in light of the presidential election in 2020. b is likely that china wi playing the long game here. laura: zhaoyin feng, thank you so much for that analysis. president trump gave a warm welcome to the hunt gary and prime minister at the white house today. raised viktor orbán a
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tough and respected, but critics say he is a stifles dissent at home. the president was quick to dismiss the concerns. pres. trump: viktor orbán has done a tremendous job in so mani erent ways, highly respected, respected all over europe. probably like me in the it-- bubbly like me, ae bit controversial, but that is ok, that's ok.go you have done job, and you have kept your country safe. laura: for more on the visit, i was joined by franklin foer of "the atlantic," wrote about the prime minier in the latest edition. i asked how much this meant mr. orban. franklin: it is a tremendous achievent for him. he has been aspiring for this moment for a long time. he has been structured much of his policy in order to ks up to trump and get there in that seat and have that photo op, because he is at a moment wher his place within the broader european context is up for grabs, and to show that he has got this alliance and has this prestige speech, he aspires to be the leader of the
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national stick european bash onalisticst-- nati european right. to have donald trump welcome him into the white house and praise him so effusively is quite a utctory. laura: you write aow ibktor orbán is using this term of building an ial democracy. has the u.s. kicked up at all about that? franklin: no. well, the obama administration did. heas been using the term "illiberal democracy" for years to describe is political project, which he sees as the antidote to the european union and multiculturalism and the liberalism's obsession with .righ as he goes about constructing eds state, he has eviscerat the free press in his country, he has weakened universities in his country, he has destroyed all possibilities for opposition done it in a clever way. dictators historically use
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intimidation, they imprison iople. there is no violenthis regime. everything is accomplished through legalisms, which is part of the reason he is such an important figure to stand up to. it is not always clear he is moving against democracy. laura: right, there is deniability. you say that like pol pot or joseph stalin, he dreams of liquidating the intelligentsia. is it possible that trump would persuade him to ange course? franklin: absolutely not. we saw him sit there- ey basked in one another's reflective glories and the solidarity in standing up against immigration. when i compare orban to the dictators of the past, it sounds like hyperbole, but hungary ove1 the payears has lost a million out of 10 million of its population to immigration to the west. if you look at the way he has used anti-intellectualism as a cudgel, it is clear that his
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strategy is to reengineer the electorate in hungary so the poibility of all of those protesters who would march in the streets disappear because they already voted with their feet and left the country. laura: franklin foer, thank you so much for joing us. franklin: thank you. laura: in other news, swedish auorities have reopened their inquiry into a rape allegation against wikileaks founder juliag assa actress felicity huffman has pleaded guiltyo paying $15,000 to a consultant who helped her daughter cheat on a test for college. the "respite housewives" star is among 50 people accused of being involved in a college admisons scandal. she will be sentenced at a later date. german police are inveing the deaths of five people, three of whom were found in a hotel and killed by a crossbow full. officials say they are investigating a possible
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connection between the deaths. u.s. secretary -- when the u.s. secretary of ste changes his travel plans, the world notices. mike pompeo canceled a trip to moscow and headed to brussels instead to meet eu ministers who are concerned about iran. european leaders are worriedab t the escalating tensions between washington and tehran a year after the trump administration pulled out of the iran nuclear deal. tehran has said it would stop complying with sections of theth deal, anu.s. said an -- has sent an aircraft carrier to the region. for more them i spoke earlier with p.j. crowley, former spokesman of the u.s. state department. mi you had to guess, what is your reading of wh pompeo felt he had to go to brussels? p.j.: the united states is trying to put maximum pressure, to use the president's favorite phrase, on iran, and it has yet to convince europe wch is trying to serve as a buffer to preserve the in nuclear deal, that that strategy is not going to work.
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laura: meanwhile, the british foreign secretary voiced those fears today, saying he fears an unintentional escalation between the u.s. and iran could spark a conflict.r diplomat to say that in public, how worried are they in private? p.j.: the persian gulf is not ae very lrea. we have been in these circumstances before where we put the military in a relativel small space collided with iranian forces before, sometimes to tragiconsequences. i don't think necessarily we are going to overt conflict, but the opportunity for miscalculation is definitely increasing. laa: the u.s. has pulled out of the nuclear deal and is warning of unspecified threats of iran towards u.s. troops in iraq. what is the strategy? p.j.: the u.s. has a strategy to put enough iressure onran to inbrit back to the table to negotiate a better deal. i don't think one is available. i think iran's current strategy is to wait out the trump
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administration and see if something changes in 2021. we have 40 years of experience trying to isolate iran, and there is no doubt we can put pressure on iran, but whether that changes iran's calculations, our experiences would suggest not laura: u.s. saudi arabia is rning that there have be these attacks of some disruption -- description on its vessels. what do you make of that? are they going to point the finger at iran without quite saying it? p.j.: many in the region are pointing the finger at iran. i'm surprised the trump administration has been cautious here. perhaps on a day when the stock market is down so dramatically, to put a tanker war e top of a trr might create serious economic damage. i think the administrationas been surprisingly muted. it was a relatively minorci indent. no vessel got sunk.
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but the trump administration is waiting to see what the evidence points to. laura: if administration pulls -- fire ant- if iran pulls out of the deal altogether, is that what the administration wants, because then they could drive a wedge between europeans and iran? p.j.: the strategy is they have convinced that was better deal available. the obama administration didn't think so, so the danger is you get the worst of all worlds. the nuclear deal collapses, and then iran like north korea may feel that it needs nuclear weapons as a regime insurance policy. that is not a decision that is -- they have made yet, but that is the risk, that at some point in time if you put enough presre on the existing government that they feel that threatened, they could change the calculation. laura: p.j. crowley, thank you for joining us.j. laura, always a pleasure. laura: you are watching "bbc world news america." still to come on tonight's program, heartwarming reunion three decades in e making. the iraqi napalm survivor who
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never knew his mother was alive, too. the explorer has set a new record for the deepest dive ever recorded in the summary. victor vescovo dropped seven miles into the mariana trench in the pacifi oan. what he found was absolutely astonishing, arebecca morelle reports. rebecca: the start of an epic journey in the middle of the pacific heading beneath the waves toee the thest place on the planet. the sub with a titanium core built to withstand crushing pressure. it takes three and aalf hours to plunge 11 kilometers, seven miles down. inside is american explorer victor vescovo. then, touchdown. >> at bottom. >> yeah! >> it is like being on the moon,
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but a wet version of it. there were small craters, slight undulations. there were not rocks unt you get to the southern or northern portions of the mariana trench. it did have so variety, but it was quiet and peaceful. ost remoteet in this of places, life has found ways thriv they are adapted to live under reimmense pres this ghostly snailfish, the deepest ever found. science, too, of our impact. this looks like a rock but it is a plastic bag. here you see the amazing ndversity of marine species, but many of them are threat. there is overfishing, pollution, and climate change. and the problems go all the way ton.he very bottom of the oc scientists say it is vital to iarn what is there beforeis too late.
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>> you did it, buddy. rebecca: and it part of an expedition to visit the deepest spots in the world's oceans. the hope is that the final frontierf ploration is truly open. news.c morelle, bbc laura: he was the young boy when saddam hussein's forces dropped napalm on his iraqi hometown. y houghtd, but it is is fams lost. he was brought to the u.k., and he was considered an orphan. until recently, that is. the mother also survived, and that you were counited. our rrespondent jon kay has the incredible story. is heading back to iraq to be reunited with his mother. 30 years ago he left the country as an orphan and came to live in
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itn. everyone believed his family had been killed in a napalm attack. this is the first time he has returned. >> can't wait. it is a big day and i don't know m going to sleep tonight jon: he isaiting. she is on her way, with her husband and youngt son. it was 1991 when he was found alone, burned, and close to death. his rescuers and doctors thought his family had all perish. but bbc news has confirmed that his mother survived the bombing after all. we tracked her down and proved e link with dna. >> nothingls mother -- i'm going to start
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getting used to seeing my mother. can hardly believe. my mother. jon: now, three decades after a terrible mistake in the confusion of war, a reunion. jon: she calls him her brave lion,er superhero. snyo ears to catch up up. --catch on. put mother and son soon relax in each other's company. and the arabic he thought he had forgotten is fluent.
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his life now enroll devon. , and videosd fon his childhys. amar never knew his birthday. but she has his birth certificate, and he is three years older than he thought, almost 40. your birthday. >> we will celebrate, h and i. jon: "i'm so happy, i'm so shproud,says. on hiss out the ink mark arm is a family tattoo to identify what they were lost. now amar is found. son."me home, over the next few days, he reconnects with his culture.
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i was very scar to come here the first time. there is nothing to be worried about. >> you are now speaking half-arabic, half-english. >> yeah, i was confused. is amazin overwhelming. who first brought him to the u.k. and set up a charity in his name didla search for ves over the years. now she can't believe what she is seeing. >> absolute miracle. i think it is fabulous. he is one of the bravestoys i've ever met in my life. i have always been proud of him, from day one. jon: before he heads home, one more reunion, in najaf, world's biggest cemetery, where his
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fathers buried. mother and son finally here to ge- together. >> all these emotions building up for jon: he says he will now support his family financially and will come back again to see his mum soon. >> i just hope she is very proud of me. this has been the best moment in my life. jon: jon kay, bbc news. laura: for the full report about the amazing, emotionaleuon, " bbcn to "panorama" on
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world news" this weekend. mhollywood rning the loss of a legend. doris day has died in california at the age of 97. the singer and actress was one of the biggest box-office stars of the 1950's and 1960's, with hits including "calamity jane" and "pillow talk." she was beloved for her charisma and girl-next-door persona. the bbc looks back at her amazing life. >> ♪ will be home tonight by the light of the silvery moon ♪ reporter: doris day crking that whip in "calamity jane." no one captured better the good-natured 1950's hollywood innocence. her romantic comedies were smart, glamorous box-office hits. "pillow talk" with rock hudson won her an oscar nomination. >> you are not the kind of gal who would break a date. >> no, i am not. guynd i ain't the kind of who would ask you to. doris: i had a great time, and i
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think that they sensed it. have fun and wear all the gorgeous clothes and work with rock hudson and clark gable. i mean, how bad can it be? reporter: as a child, the young doris nted to be a dancer. but a car accident ended that dream. she then discovered she could ng. >> ♪d when we dance and you h me tightly ♪ reporter: in the late 1940's, with her new stage name doris day, she was one of the highest-paid singers in the business. >> ♪ weald hand-in-hand reporter: the film "romance one gh seas" was her first screen and roll -- screen role, and despite no acting expeence, the star quality w immediately obvious. but behind it all was a troubled private life. >> you can't tell me what to do!
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you think you own me? report: this movie with jimmy cagney had echoes of the first of her four marriages. >> ♪ que sera, sera reporter: her move into tv was a consequence her third husband living her virtually bankrupt. fashions had changed and her movie career was over. in 1985, there was a reunion tv interview with a terminally ill rock hudson. but show business was over. tir life after this was devoted to her animal foun. her final wishes, no funeral, nk grave . her memorial will be her films. >> ♪ que sera, sera what will be, will be ♪ icon. an old-school
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remember, you can find much more of all the day's news on our website. to see what we are working on at any time, check us out on amitter. aura trevelyan. thank you for watching "bbc world news america." >> with the bbc news app, our vertical videos are designed to work around your lifestyle, so u can swipe your way through the news of the day and stayo- date with the latestli heads you can trust. download now from selected app stores. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, and judy and peter blum-kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected eds. >> what are you doing? >> possibilities. your day is fied with them. >> tv, play "downtonbbey."
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>> and pbs helps everyone discover theirs. anytime, anywhere. pbs. we are with you for life. >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet, los angeles.
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captioning sponsory newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening. i'm judy woodruff. on the "nehour" tonight, trade tensions rise and markets stumble as china imposes retaliatory tariffs on $60 billion worth of u.s. goods. then our politics monday team breaks down the latest news from the campaign trail and how voters are feeling aut trade, the opioid crisis and more. plus, inside "the jungle," an immersive theater experience that recreates the environment of a crowded refugee camp in fvence, told by people who there. all that and more on tonight's "pbs newshour."


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