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tv   PBS News Hour  PBS  May 16, 2019 6:00pm-7:00pm PDT

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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening. i'm judy woodruff. on the newshour tonight: one on one with senator elizabeth warren to discuss her run for the white house, her plans of taxes, college debt, and me. then, congress in gridlock-- florida's u. senator rick scott on a disaster aid package held up by a dispute over conding for puerto rico's ongoing hurricane ery. plus, as generation "z" enters the workforce, a look at how their career priorities differ from millennials in light of the great recession. at it's definitely still important to me 'm able to make a living and able to support a family someday, but i definitely want to love what i'm doing and not dread into work every day. >> woodruff: all that and more on tonig's pbs newshour.
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>> and by the alfred p. sloan foundatition. suppor science, technology, and improved economic performance and financial literacy in the 21st century. >> arnegie corporation of new york. supporting innovations in education, democratic engagement, and the advancement of international peace and security. at >> and with the ongoing support of these institutions: 6and individuals. og >> this m was made possible by the corporation for public broadcasting. and by contributions to your pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. >> woodruff: president trump is
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out with a plan for a partial overhaul of the nation's immigratiosystem. called today for admitting more highly-skilled workers-m and giving tiority over those with family already inside the u.s. the president spoke from the white house rose garden, and said his plan is pro-workeand differs from current law. >> we discminate against genius. we discriminate ainst brilliance. we won't anymore once we get this psed. we cherish the open door that we want to create for our country. but a big proportion of those immigrants must come in through merit and skill. >> woodruff: the plan does not f peoplethe millions o already living in the country oulegally, and it faces du prospects in congress. u.s. house speaker nancy pelosi called mr. trump's approach "condescending." >> are they saying most of the
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people that have ever come here to the united states in the history of our country are without merit e they don't have an engineering degree? certainly we want to attract the best in our country, to our country, and that includes many people from many parts of society. >> woodruff: some republicans also voiced skepticism, arguing the plan doesn't do eno esduce overall immigration. there's word that ent trump is pushing diplomacy wish iran, amidg tensions. the newshour has learned that he told acting defense secretary patrick shanahan that he does not want a war. another ame today as he welcomed the president of switzerland, country that acts as a go-between for the u.s. and iran. when a reporter asked if war is coming, mr. trump answered, "hope not." it was also reported that he's resisting national security adviser john bolton, and secretary of sta mike pompeo, who favor a more hawkish approach. the persian gulf tensions are
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spilling into yemen-- with new air strikes. a saudi arabian coalitiond renembing today in yemen's capital city, sanaa.l loficials said the strikes killed at least six people and wounded 40. sanaa is held by rebels aligned with iran. they staged drone attacks inside saudi arabia this week. china has denounced a u.s. move ll block chinese telecom giant huawei from nearly transactions with american firms. presidenp signed the order yesterday. his administraccuses huawei of helping the chinese government spy. in being today, a foreign ministry spokesman criticized the move, and called it abusive. >> ( translated ): china resolutely opposes any countr imposing unilateral sanctions. we urge the united states to stop the wng actions, create conditions for normal business and cooperationrs and avoid ing the trade tensions.
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china will take further necessary measures to protect our legitimate rights. >> woodruff: huawei said today that it will challenge the blacklisting decision. it also warned the u.s. move will backfire, and hurt its keamerican suppliers and w. back in this country: new york city's mayor bill de blasio announced that he is running for the democratic presidential nomination. he joins 22 others in the field, angling to take on president trump. he said today he wants to put working people first, and he called mr. trump a "con artist". de blasio is serving his sond term as mayor and can't serve anher. two more states are nearing strict curbs on abortions-- in a republican drive to send the issue back to the u.s. supreme court. miouri's state senate vote wednesday to ban abortions after eight eks of pregnancy. the state house is expected to ou likewise. and,iana lawmakers are advancing a bill to stop abortions after six weeks of
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pregnancy. just yesterday, alabama's republican governor signed a near-total ban on abortions. democrats in the u.s. house of representatives began a marathon reading today of the redacted "mueller report"-- nearly 448 pages of i they estimate it could last into the wee hours of tomorrow morning. house judiciary chair jerry nadler read a section on how the russian company i.r.a. tried to influence the 2016 u.s. campaign. the i.r.a. conducted soial media operations targeted at laee u.s. audiences with th goal of sowing discord in the u.s. political system. using fictitious u.s. personas i.r. employees operated social media accounts and group pages designed to attract u.s. audiences. >> woodruff: democrats hope the marathon reading can keep attention on the report, as the white house balks atrating
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with congressional investigations. president trump issued two new pardons overnight. one went to conrad black, who wrote a flattering biography of mrtrump. he spent more than three years in prison, for a fraud conviction. patrick nolan was also pardo he's a former republican leader of the california state mesembly, who served prison ti over illegal campaign contributions. he now advocates for criminal justice reform. new financiamedisclosure dos show revenues at the president's major properties held mostly stead rlast year. the slightly at his washington d.c. hotel, but fell slightly at mar-a-lago in florida. the filing follows reports of fallg profits at the president's doral resort in florida.oe today's reportnot address profits, only revenuesni the trump adration today killed a grant of $930 billion d raillifornia's high-sp project. federal officials said the sta
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has failed to make reasonable progress and has changed the original plan. governor gavin newsom called the action "illegal" and said the state will fight in court to keep the money.l on walreet: stocks rallied again, as jitters about the trade standoff with china, eased. the dow jones industrial average gained 214 points to close 25,682. the nasdaq rose nearly 76 points, and the s&p 500 added 25. former president jimmy carter has been released from a georgia hospital, after getting a hip replacement. the 94-year-old fell at home on monday, and had surgery. a spokeswoman says he still plans to teach sunday school this weekend. former first lady rosalynn carter also went home after feeling faint and being hospitalized overnight. she is 91.d
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rd came late today that iconic architect i.p. pei has died. he was born in china and proved to the u.s. in 1935. his legacy includes the louvre pyramid in paris and the rock & roll hall of fame in cleveland plus the john f. kennedy library in boston among many other landmarks. he also won the pritzker prize, the nobel of architecture, and rds. other awa i.m. pei was 102 years old. still to come on the newshour, one on one with senator elizabeth warren about her discuss the congressional stalemate over disaster aid with florida senator rick scott, how south africa's structural inequality exacerbates its struggle to cope with prolonged drought, and much more. >> woodruff: with mayor de
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blasio's entrance today, there are now 23 democrats vying for their party's presidential nomination. among the first to jump in was massachusetts senator elizabeth warren, whose campaign since has put a heavy emphasis on plans and proposals, in aenty of polias. senator warren joins us now. welcome back to the news hour. >> thank you. >> woodruff: so, senator, you have called yourself a capitalist to the bone. >> uh-h a. >> woodrufd yet i think you and senator bernie sanders have been seen by many as the two most left-leaning candidates in this race. he, on the one hand, ys he's very proud to be a democratic socialist. so help people watching understand what the difference is between the two of you. how do they tell you apart? why should they vote for you over him? >> i can't speak for bernie. bernie will speak for himself. all i can do is tell you how i see it. how i see it is markets can produce ermous value if they have rules.
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furkets, if they're properly tioning, if they're transparent, if they're level, that's an opportunity for entrepreneurs to get started, for competition to flourish, for there to nnation to drive prices down. that's how it works. a now, the some areas where markets don't work at all, what public education is about, make an invtment, much of healthcare is about that. but there are many areas where what we want to see is markets that work beter, markets that have curb, that have rules, that create a level playing field so that everybody has a chance to build some value and some security going forward. >>oodruff: so when you hr folks in the bids community say, and we do hear this from time to time, saying, well, i think elizabeth warren, based on the fact that she went after the banks after the big financial coapse a decade ago, i think she's anti-business. what do you say?oy >> they just have it backward. you know, i think it is pro
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business to say everybody has to follow the same set of rules ana tthe giants don't get to come in and cheat everyone else, hacause when they can do they not only stamp out their competition. they stamp out the people who follow the rules. they also manage to crush their own customers. and the consequence of that,we saw in 2008., yeey amassed a lot of wealth, and then they blew up the economy for everyone. th's why it is that we need consistent rules and we need those rules conensiy enforced. and that's the difference we need in our economy now, not an economy that just works for the rich and the powerful, an economy that works for everyone. >> woodruff: well, let's talk about one of those ways that you've suggted government can get involved. >> sure. >> woodruff: paying for college. >> yes. >> woodruff: you have promised free public college, helping most student debt holders elinate the debt. now, we have looked at what some
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analysts are saying about this. they say, number one, it is giving bigger benefits to higher-income families than families at the lower end f the spectrum, the families who need it the most, which they say raises questions about fairness and about whether it's wasting government money. >> right now we have an economy in the 21st century that basically says you're going to need some post-high school training, whether it's technical , hool, two-year college, or four-year colleg get a chance to make it in america's middle class, to build somure economic sty. that's what you're going to need. now, remind yourself, a century o when that wa true about high school, we made high school free for eveserybody, bece said it's an investment america makes in our young peo it's an investment in our future. so my plan here is to say, look, on the greatest fortunes in this country, those above $50 million on the $50 and 1st dollar, pitch in two cents, and if they would pitch
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in two cents, it would produce enough revenue to provide universal childcare, universal pre-k, raise the a wages ll of our childcare and pre-k workers and technical two-year college and four-yearqj=11 our kids at public instutns and cancel student loan debt for about 95% of the kids who have got it. >> woodruff: but what about the argument that it's helping the families who need it the least. >> new york but it's not. the families who need it the least are the one-tenth of 1% who have the biggest fortunes in america. if they would pay just tw cents, we could make this investment not in some of our kids but in all of our kids, and understand this about what's fair here. those richest one-tenth of 1%, those biggest fortunes in america, about 75,000 families all in last ye, theypaid about 3.2% of their total wealth
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in taxes, all in. the 99% paid about 7.2%. they're already paying more. i just want to see a little more level ng field where we make an investment in our kids going forwa i. >> woodrufant to come back on the tax on the ultra wealthy. we've looked at that as well. analysts have said this is a plan that sounds good but it could be, a, a disincentive to invest in what theyall important transformative projix that could transform society, number two, that it would create massive and expensive investigations by the i.r.s., and number three, it may note constitutional. >> oh, please. i mean the idea tt someone that has already amassed a huge fortune in this country is going to disinvest over 2 cents? i mean, that doesn't even make any sense. this proposal says, look, not punitive. says if you built one of the great fortunes in america, this is the one-tenth of 1%,mo
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than 50 million dollars, that millionth and first dollar, you have to pitch in two cents and for every dollar above th. it is in effect, if you built a great fortune, god for you, or inherited it, good for you, but derstand, that great fortune was built in part using employees all of us helped pay to educate, in part getting your goods and service to market onid roads ans all of us helped pay for. right now those fortunes are putting in less than the rest of america. ylet's just level that ping field a little bit. >> woodruff: question about foreign policy. the middle east, we'ee waiting to more comprehensive plan from the trump administration. but in the meantime, uld you have as president trump has done, endorsed this permanent annexation of the golan heights that primer ministanyahu has endorsed in israel? atabout what our ult goalsk
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are and what we should be urging. israel has a right to its security. and the palestinians have a oight to dignity and t self-determination. i believe the best way that happens and what we have to do as allies tooth is to push in the direction of bringing them both to g the negotiatble so that they make the decision togetherbout what happs in israel. i belieha the best way fort to happen is for the united states to push those parteies. i think is a real problem with us interfering in this way. >> woodruff: so that was a mistake? >> i think it >> woodruff:thing i want to ask is about what some voters are saying about elizabeth n rren. there is a piecee current "time" magazine quoting some voters saying they havese ations about supporting, i'm quoting, "another brainy woman for president," still smarting evidently they are from
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hillary clinn in 2016. i talked to a woman in arizona yesterday. she said, "i want the like elizabeth warren," but what she said to me is, "she lectures much. in her public presentations, i don't get the sense she's listening to voters like me." what do you say? >> i get out every chance i can and talk about where i came from. i rew up in oklahoma. all three of my o brothers joined the military. that was their ticket to the middle class. when we were growing up, our daddy had a lot of different jobs. and i was a kid with a dream. i wanted to be a publicho teacher. by the time i graduated from high school, my family didn't have the money for an application to send me to college, much less to pay for four years of college. and i was one of those kids, i got a scholarship, yay. then i fell in love at 19, got married and dropped out of
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school, and i thought i had lost it all. and then i found a commuter college, about 45 minutes away, it cost $50 a semester. and for a price i could pay for on a part-time waitressing job, i had a chance to finish a four-year diploma and to realize my dream. i became a public schoolteacher. i was a special needs teacher. and i probably would still be doing that work today, but by the me i finished my first year, i was visibly pregnant, and the principal did what principals did back in those days. he wished me luck, showed me the door, and hired someone else for the job. i spent my whole life on the fundamental question of opportunity, how people get a chanc i got my chance, and i am so deeply grateful for it. i just want to see more and more
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of our kids get a chanruce. >> wo: is that elizabeth warren coming across in this campaign? i tell the story of my life and why i'm in this race. i'm probably the least likely persono end up running for president. i never thought this is what i would do. i have known what i wanted to do all my life. i wanted to be a teacher. but i have also been someebody out thho has advocated on part of my students, on the part of erybody getting a chance. that's an america that we can build andwe canuild it together. but it's going to take all ofus to do this. the folks who have the power right now, the folks who havene the the folks who have the lobbyists, man, they're going to make sure that they just keep tilting everything in this system to work a little better for them a little better for them. you know, one regulation over here, one nomination over there. it just keeps money flowing to
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those at the top and leaves everybody else struggling. we have chance to change that. that's what it means to be a democracy. we can do is. that's what pulls me into this fight. >> woodruff: senator elizabeth warren, thank you. >> thank you. so good to be here. >> woodruff: a fight over disaster relief funding between ngress and the president has been brewing for months. but as amna nawaz tells us, the battle may reach a turning poins in the coming >> reporter: president trump and members of congress struggled to agree on a disaster aid bill that would address the needs of several states across the country as well as puerto rico. e of those states is florida. its panhandle community was devastated by hurricane mich seven months ago but the state needs more funding to continue its recovery. a relief package is currently
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stalled in the senate as senators attempt to find a solution that presidentrump will sign before memorial day weekend. to talk to us about where things stand, i'm joined by republican senator rick scott of florida.'s he was the staovernor when hurricane michael made landfall. senator scott, welcome back to the newshour. thanks for making the time. i want to ask you now about that bill the house passeasd. it $17 billion disaster relief package last week. it's now up to the senate. asi mentioned to see it through. will you vote for it? >et> well, see what ends up on the senate floor. here's what's frustrating. we're 218 days since hurricane miche.l hit our stat it was devastating. it was a category 5. to put this in perspective, after katrina, i think it took something like ten days for disaster relief bill to be done. andrew, the last category 5 ttro hit our coy in south florida, it was 34 days. sandy took 74 days. it's so frustrating that, you know, everybody can't come together and get something done. we all care about our state.
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we all care about puerto rico. so i don't know why people cat come together and say, let's put our odifferences aside and spend done.ime getting thi we have to get this done before the memorial break. >> woodruff: senator, would you vote for the bill in its >> well, what i have supported is a bill that, one, has accountability. i don't want to waste any money. but the bill that's in the house, i don't believe it will er make it to the floor of the senate. >> nawaz: what would you want the change about what's in there? the bill has funding for mexico beach, panama city, it helps to rebuild the air force base. the thing holding it up is the president's objection that it also has funding for puerto rico. do you object to tha >> no. first here's what's been frustrating to me. chuck schumer has blocked the bill in the senate. this is something that my first words i sa on the senate floor is how we have to take care of puerto rico. i went there eight times as governor. there once as a u.s. senator. we've got to provide money fod r
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freak 've got to make sure we have accountability. that's what i proposed. we have tmake sure we don't waste money. everybody i talked to in puerto rico agrees with me. we don't want to waste any money. we want to get the money to get en the families that have hurt. and why don't we get this done? right now it's been basill shut down by chuck schumer. >> nawaz: senator, the idea that money is being waputed in to rico is something the president has said again and again. ight now it seems as if is stalled because there is money for puerto rico in this bill. what do you say to yr constituents who are still waiting for aid money they desperately need because tid prt doesn't want money to go the puerto rico? >> well, what i want is i want to do the things that will help puerto rico. step one, i fought to get the $600 million in for theood nutrition program, and then i heard what the president said, so i wan fted not just puerto rico, but for every place else, let's put the parameters in toe make sat money is not spent and let's get the money out as quickly as we can. that's what i have been pushing in the senate, but again, this
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is something that for whatever reason, chuck schumer has basically shut down any convertion to get something done here. >> nawaz: i hear you blaming chuck schumer. do you also blame the president for holding this up? th well, look, we can pass -- we don't have to hav president to pass the bill in the senate. but, you know, chuck -- senator shelby has had a bill. it seems like now for months or etnce i got up here, and chuck schumer will not the democrats vote for it. why don't we support ourlil and get the house and senate to sit down and figure out how to wo together? the president does not have the opportunity to sign anything until we passes something. so let's passes it and figure out where we are. >> nawaz: let me ask youso thing about some disclosures edde about two florida counties that were hackuring the 2016 election. the f.b.i. won't publicly disclose which two counties were. do you know whi two they were? >> absolutely. m had a briefing yesterday fro the f.b.i. and what i want everyone to understand is what happened.
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so as we know, in the new report i think what thesaid now is one county was hacked by the russians. so i want tonderstand what happened there. and then my opponent in 2018, bill nelson last summer said the russians were free to move around our election system, they were free the change the voer registration and things like that. at that point i asked the department of homeland security and the f.b.i. to find out i any of this was true. as governor, my job as governor is to make sure we have elections where you have a right to vote, i want you to vote, but i don't want tre to be any fraud. they confirmed, one, that two counties had been hacked, and they said for national security reasons that it would be harmfur to national sey that they're not going to release the names of those, and so based on law ian't release those names. i want them -- i'm from the sunshine stat he. e a lot of sunshine laws to disclose things. so i've asked them to d that the earliest they can to release those, but they're not ready ton
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do that rig. but they also confirmed that what bill nelson said they had no evidence of. they told me that last yea and they confirmed that now thae russian and nobody changed the results of 2016 or 018. >> nawaz: leme ask you this: people are hearing this news and they are worried that enough is not being done to make sure their votes will count. what can you tell them nowou abt whate doing to make sure the same thing doesn't happen in 2020? >> sure. as a governor, what i did is i added more cyber security experts at the state level the way it's set up in florida, we have a secretary of state's office and local supervisor election, and then we sent money down to our supervisor elections to make sure they can do the same thing, and then we worked with mhem toe sure that there was nothing that impacted the elections. one thing f.b.i. and hriomeland se said yesterday is that florida was a great partner of
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theirs to try to make sure tht, you know, one, our systems weren't hacked, and number, two that to the extent they were, which they said happened in 2016, that it didn't impact the r sult, which is what they said. >> nawaz: senaott, we just a minute left, but i want to ask you about immigration. the president unveiled a new immigration proposal in t rose garden today inch your state you have over 100,000 drearsr daca recipients, people who were brought here as children. there was no protectlan norn for them in the president's proposal today. so what is your mesage to tse more than 100,000 residents of florida today? well, we're an immigration state. i have been very supportive of making sure that the daca kids, we take care of them. we also need to have a lot of people with t.p.s. we need a permanent fix for t.p.s. and we have to secure our border.e we have to h package that one, in my opinion, securities
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our border to stop the proems we're dealing with. we love legal immigration, but not illegal immigration. we're an immigration state. but we have to take care of the tca kids, and we have to have a permanent fix for.p.s. >> nawaz: senator rick scott÷$ for being with us today. >> thank you. >> woodruff: stay with us. coming up on the newshour:ge ration "z" begins to enter the workforce with differing priorities and career goalthan millennials, new york city's metropolitan museum of art declares it will no longer accept donations from the controversial sacklemily, and a navajo woman gives her brief but spectacular take on revitalizing communities like hers. it's been 25 years since the nation of south africa dismantled apartheid. while progress, the young democracy
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has also faced many setbacks-- most recentlwith failing infrastructure. rolling w blackouts aer-use restrictions have become part of ecdaily life. l correspondent fred de sam lazaro starts his report in cape town. s, reporter: it's hard to escape the spectacular vihe iconic table mountain, beaches-- even penguins-- that put cape town atoso many travel bucket lists. it's also hard to imagine, but last year, this city of 3.7 million was brought to its kneec by an drought, one that dominated news headlines for months. >> dam levels are at 25%. >> repter: officials placed strict consumption limits andre evencted a so-called day zero, when the taps would run ismpletely dry. >> and day zero redicted for the 11th of may. t>> reporter: in the end,he day dreaded did not arrive, thanks to some rainfall and also cucause consumers overall t their water use by 60%.
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>> so the first catch of water is just cold. it's coming out of the shower ie goes into a rate bucket. >> reporter: vanessa burch ed me how carefully ever drop is conserved-- beginning in the bathroom. d all the shower water that we trap in the showerin, the bucket there, is used to run the toilet. >> reporter: a sophisticated isystem collects rain wato basement storage tanks-- enough for a ten-month reserve. >> so at the height of the 2017- '18 drought period, we were in fact completely independent of water.te >> rep it's efficient, but also expensive to install, and well out of reach of most cape town residents, especially the 20% who live in neighoods like langa-- unincorporated settlements that are a legacy of apartheid or official racial. separation there's no running water in homes here-- a single communal tap might serve several dozen families still, conditions are better than last year, when some of
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these taps would come on for only limited hours. and it is far bett here than many other parts of south africa. five-hundred miles ay, in makhanda, population 70,000, some taphave already run dry. residents like noxolo saki wait line for hours for a two day supply of drinking water. so what have you been doing to cope? j >> reporter:t how terrible? across south africa, that largely depends on where you live. a in city, you'll find a well- manicured and mostly white section, with first world living standards. across the way, what was ificially a colored settlement, and growing out an informal settlement, called sun city in this case, where living standards are as miserable as you'll find in any poor countryt here, am shack-like homes,
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two water taps serve about 300 residents. water was running the day we visited and selina pikes seized the opportunity to wash her family's clothes. >> some days maybe there can be no >> reporter: a week, no water? >> a week no water here in sun city. >> reporter: to get a sense of the magnitude of the water cris in makhanda, we visited the settler's dam. there's a sign here thatatarns s to go slow, but as you can also see, the shoreline hasu receded severared yards and this reservoir is at 7% of its capacity. to many exrts, makhanda is a microcosm of a much larger water crisis: besides climate change, the continuing two-year drought, they blame aging, poorly maintained infrastructure for creating the perfect storm. no one is exempt, not even the upscale sections, home y.veral elite private schools, and rhodes univers
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what do people not take for granted anymore that they once did? >> flushing toilets. showers, we're allowed a two- minute shower. so generally we're a bit dirtier. >> reporter: jane tanner, a hydrologist at rhodes, says such measures can only go so far, and that major structural changes to the water supply system are needed. >> previously under apartheid, our water supply scheme very thch targeted the white population, ane were people that were not accounted for. but it hn't been kept up and added to, and that's where we're at>>at the moment. eporter: mzukisi mpaahlwa, makhanda's first black mayor, says the city is committed towa improving its r infrastructure and merging its segregated systems into one that serves all residents. >> we're currently trying to link the two systems so that the water from the east come to the west and the water from the west can go to the east.
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>> reporter: as city ad government officials scramble to meet the emergency in makhanda, a south african islamic charity called "gift of the givers" hast ped in, distributing bottled water is a first step. the group is also locating and drilling bore holes or deep water wells. gideon groenwald is leading the effort. with g.p.s. guidance, a magnetometer and, he says, faith oenwald has drilled 12 wells. oc's a precision job to find cracks in the bethat lead to the aquifer below. >> it's just more than an inch and you have to hit it. if you miss it you get maybe 1,000 liters an hour, which is not gog to solve your problem. we want to get at least 10,000 liters an hour to make it viable. >> reporter: once the water is tested, groenwald connects it to a filtration system and a community tap
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mayor mpaahlwa, was along as one tap in the joza neighborhood was inaugurated. makhandaill soon replace ttled water with these taps but groundwater is not a sustainable solution. >> by the me the drought finishes, i think those aquifers are going to be seriously depleted. >> reporter: and she says makhanda may be a proverbial canary in the coal mine. >> we're a small town. we can, in a way, cope. translatat to a large city like one of the large african cities and you really have a nightmare situion on your hands. >> reporter: cape town barely escaped it, she says, but with growing populations and climate pa frequent droughts, even the continent's most modern ci will likely face the renewed threat of a day zero for many years to come. for the pbs newshour, ed de sam lazaro in makhanda, south africa. >> woodruff: fred's reporting is a partnership with the under-
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told stories project at the university of st. thomas in minnesota. p woodruff: generation "z"-- the grrn after 1996-- is starting tmesee its oldest ers graduate from college and enter the workforce. while much has been said abnit how mills have reshaped the modern workplace, members on generaz" are beginning to chart their own course with a expectations and outlooks for their first jobs. fonomics correspondent paul solman met up wiancial journalist beth kobliner to try erstand what all this means, and to find out how gen wo" is approaching the world of rk. it's part of our weekly series, "makins sense." >> t wework... >> reporter: wework, where, for a monthly toll, you secure a spot in a shared work space for the young-- wi-fi, free er, free coffee in inspirational
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mugs. >> always half full. >> reporter: mote a life, just a living. >> these are very much, affirmations. >> reporter: and perfect for llege grads just moving into the job market, right? but is follow your bliss really a od idea at this point? >> i don't know. i wasn't about following my bliss. i was about moving out of my parents' house. w>> reporter: but wework asn't designed for old timers like me or even much younger yoeth money gurukobliner. architect miguel mckelvey-- whom i interviewed a few years ago-- a-founded it in 2010 for fellow gen-"x"e millennials. >> we're a community company. >> reporter: a hopping, hip sanctuary for self-starters built to accommodate ak schedule, and the jobs of the future. >> wewk is the office space o tomorrow. >> reporter: so, is this the future of work for the next generation--heen "z"? we gd a diverse group of soon-to-be college grads. what's the reaction to a place like this?
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>> the second i walked in, i wis like, "wow, s nice." >> because it has so many colors, it would be like, likevo more thought png. >> two thumbs up. good. >> reporter: so the optics appealed. but are high risk-high reward startups their dream? like fourpost, say. >> fourpost is a shopping experience for today's family. >> reporter: the 18-person firm runs retail pop-up shops aturing trendy brands li polaroid-- yup, polaroid has made a retro come-back. so it's like a cool department store. >> a way cool department store. >> reporter: for smaller brands that aren't going to open their own. >> yeah absolutely. or large brands that want test the markkeet. arshall speakers is one. urbanears is a great one-- the headphones. you guys are young and cool soi' sure you've heard of them. >> i'm old and i have no idea what they are. >> they are candy colored headphones. >> reporter: okay, cool company. but our gen-"z"ers had practical questions for fourpost manager omannie shellman.
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>>red to like a larger company right, do you guys offer like a comparable salary? >> yeah, definitely. so i would say probablhe 50s range like that would be entry level. t happens to be the national average. starting salaries for college gradua $50,000. >> a typical day of work from start to finish. how would that look like? >> we get in mid-morning and then we're usually working through lunch. there's a lot of late nights. that's something to expect with a startup, but no one here is going to say if you need to go home for a family thing you can't go. we have the benefit of being able to work remotely. >> reporter: so flexible work with the great allure of all part-ups: grow fast, move fast-- the dream of millennials, who consistently rank career success and then a good work- life balance as top priorities. but gen "z"ers? kobliner set up a game to test their order of workplace preferences. >> here are five qualities that people look for in a job. >> reporter: salary? diversity? health insurance? meaningful work?
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mentorship? we'll give you a little time-- less than we gave the kids-- to guess their choices. well, tied just below the top: a diwork environment-- and gen "z" is the most diverse generation in our country's history. and-- big surprise-- a good sala. >> when you go to college you, you're like "okay, i need to focus on something that can fund me, my husband, and my two kids, my house with a white picket fence," so i think that maybe the anxiety is not in getting a job it's in getting the right job. >> this school is $70,000 a r:ar. >> repors we saw with gen "z" high schoolers in a recent story, the fear of being stuck on the low road of an ever-more two-tracked labor market always lus. gen "z" suffered through the anxiety of the great recsion as kids, so small wonder they're economic pragmatists. a u.c.l.a. survey found that eight in 10 college freshmen -- n "z"'s first wave-- think becoming "well off" is a top
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priority-- the highest level in the study's 50-year histy. but even more important is securing that first job. 88% of graduating gen-"z"ers say they chose their majors with a job in mind. like saad kabir, who began, like many of his friends, in engineering. >> my brother is a lawyer and he would tell me the people he graduated law school with, many of them didn't even get a job after law schoolnd it was like hard because the market was oversaturated, but if you go to a market where you know that there are jobs i guess there's no anxiety involved. so since i did education i'm not as worried because in new york city we always need teachers. >> reporter: for similar reasons, lauren quesada majors in clinical psychology. >> my family says that i'll ner be out of work becauses long as they're alive there'll be people with problems. >> reporter: but here's the answer to the quiz all but one of our students said their top job priority was meaningful work. how many of you guessed that? here's jacob clemente for example.
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>> meaningful work for me means like, both something that i really care about and really ke i want to make a difference in and something that i think could make a difference in helping other people out. it's definitely still important to me that i'm able to make a living and able to support a omeday, but i definitely want to love what i'm doing and not dread going into work every day. >> reporter: jermaine ca intends to become a pediatric surgeon. >> if it's not meaningful what' int. if you're not really into what your patients are really telling you, why are you going into medicine? >> reporter: but that promsted one last qn from me: have all of you been told by professors or parents or whomever thayou're going to probably have to change careers? >> yes. >> reporter: and that caused beth kobliner wonder: >> where do you guys learn job skills if you realize you learned them in college? >> i would probably go to youtube or go to some type of website that can show me hw to do something like very quickly. >> reporter: missy dreier echoed jermaine cail. >> i like recently was working nior thesis and i had to sort of last minute learn how to
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code and i had never taken computer science or anything like that, but i actually found it just kind of googling was super helpful and i was able to do it. >> reporter: and maybe this is why gen "z" can prioritize meaningful work: because even facing career impermanence, specic skills are easier to n for any generation before. for the pbs newshour, economics correspondent, reporting from new york. in woodruff: these days there's a grcall for new accountability for past behavior and the pressure is ig reasingly beplied to institutions benefiting from philanthropy. the money behind major gifts is often at issue. and the opioids epidemic has put that front and center r museums, hospitals, and universities. as jeffrey brown tells us, the metropolitan museum of art yesterday became the latest
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museum to turn down some money from a family linked with the manufacturing of oxycontin. our story is part of our regular series on arts and culture, "canvas". >> brown: one of the met's premier attractions, the temple of dendur, lies in the museum's glass-enclosed sackler wing, named for and largely by the family behind purdue pharma, thcompany that's been criticized and sued for its role in the opioid crisis. protters have targeted the museum, demanding it cut financial ties with the family and remove the sackler name. other muses, including the guggenheim, the american museum of natural history, and the tte in london have also come under fire for taking sackler money, ve said they won't accep future donations. daniel weiss is president and c.e.o. of the metropolan museum of art. h joins us from new york. thank you very mr joining
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us, mr. weiss. i know the museum has been reviewing this for months. why in the end are you taking this action, and how much did public pressure play a role? >> well, at the met we recognize that philanthropy and the support of don't verse a very important part of h we have come to being. every part of the museum isre ly built through fund-raising one way or another sed gifts some we take this ously. over the last year or so as we follow the opioid crisis and we've gotten better understanding of what actually is happening, and as the facmets have beore clear, we felt this was the right time for us to take action. so we cthered ourmunity together. we did some thinking. yes, the outside community always makes a difference. we listen to twe public. are about what they think. and we tried to develop a solution that we felt was right for the institution. >> brown: the sackler famiasly, ou say in your statement, as a whole has given millions over several generations. this action targets just some members of the family with limited donations. should it be seen, this action,
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as more symbolic? well, i think ultimately the action is a substantive one around aligning our decisions toward the people who are mosedt invon the opioid crisis. some of the sacklers are not directedly involved in opioid crisis, and many of the gifts the met has received over e course of more than0 years predate oxycontin. they predate purdue pharma. so those gifts really have nothing to do with this issue. we tried to distinguish then between those who are involved in this particular crisis and thoswho weren't. in that sense i suppose you could say it's a symbolic action, but we think of it as a substantive decision around who is most involved in this ise. >> brown: and you have decided not to take down the signs, noth to remov sackler name as activists and protesters have called for. why is that? the name will be there for prominently on the museum.wo >> reasons for that: first of all, many of those names wern
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put uhe walls of the museum long before this crisis came to the fore, long before oxycontinas created some those gifts have nothing to do with oxycontin. therefore, just because the name sackler is in a particuelar sp, it doesn't mean that those who are associated with that gift have any guilt responsibility. so that's one reason. and the second reason is this an ongoing investigation. there is something like sevel hundred different lawsuits under way in this cntry around the oxycontin and opioid crisis generally. so the fact base isn't known to us at this pifoint. t turns out that there is more information that is definitive in how we understand the way our donors have behaved, it is not out of the question we would review that decision and make a different one, but at this point we don't have tha information. we don't feel that would be responsible. >> brown: this issue, as you know, has just grown and grown, and the sackler family is just part of it. the question remains: where do you and other institutions draw
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the lines on what kd of donor behavior is acceptable and who will determine that? >> well, ultimately it's the responsibility of the trustees and the senior administration ti make those sions about whose gifts we can accept and under what circumstances we would say o. our general guidelines are that we are a philanthropic institution'v. been built that way. we do not subject our donors to some litmustist around their political pointf view or any kind of partisan agenda. we really -- we almost align philanthropy to freedom of expression. people have the right orthe suus for various reasons wherever they're coming from. we do draw theline, however, ight we believe that gifts impede our fundamental mission, they might have a relationship to the core functioning of theut instn and our identity, and in that case we might decide not to accept a gift so that threshold is higher than just a litmus test around the
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personality or likability of a particular donor. >> brosk: let me just you very briefly, though, are you now looking at all of your donors and b factors to see where the money ca from, or is this r one-oponse in a particular case? >> well, we actually do it all the time anyway. the museum irys careful about when we accept gifts. we know who is giving us the fts. have a sense of who they are and where they come from. we have some sense of where the money comes from. we don't engage in a deep ouforensic investigation a that, but we do have a sense of all of that, and so we exercise that discrimination in judgment along the way. have not decided to review all of the gifts we've ever received to make sure that the people who are giving them to us meet some stdards. but we are mindful of that. we have always been mindful of that. this case, because the fact base is evolving around thei opcrisis, we felt it was necessary to review those decisions and exercise our right not to accept gifts. >> brown: daniel weiss,
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president of the mumropolitan muf art new york. thank you very much. >> my pleasure. thank you. >>noodruff: sexual assaultsd abuse towards women have been given greater attention in this me too moment. this week's "brief but spectacular" lks at a population often overlooked inon the na conversation-- the native american community. ber kanazbah crotty is encouraging support of survivors as one of the few female delegateunon the navajo l and leading a nation-wide campaign, "start by believing." >> we have more rapes on navajo nation than cities like detroit or s diego. how is that possible? that's posble because we have a systemic failure and how we report crimes, how pfeel protected, how sexual violence
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has been normalized, and how sexual violence was used in the past to displace us from the land. we're here still on the ground, just tryinto get basic services like police officers, broadband service. if we could get 9-1-1 on navajow nation, weould be doing something spectacular. es're literally in the dark when it co telecommunications, when it comes to emergency response. we have one shelter here and it can only house eight people. i sit on the navajo nation council here in window rock, ara. my family originates from the eep springs area along the chuska been for many generations. so my family's story and the story of myself isike so many bvajos. a story ng forced away from land, a story of force removal of our grandparents into the schoolystem.
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that means dealing with intergenerational trauma, knowing that my grandmas who returned from the long walk. the pain and sorrow of losing their home, their relatives, their animals en coming back and rebuilding and, and using our land, using our prayers, using our ceremonie to continue that strength. they put literal prayers in the ground for us, for me, for my children, to know that we would come back home, to know that i would betanding here one day in the leadership position helping my people. as a navajo woman, i can talk about topics that our navajo men, our leaders, have not felt comfortable talking about. allowng me to tell my story on the floor of not only my experience being groped by an elected official while i was a political staffer. but to tell the goory of what's g on in our communities.
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that's a story of families that are steeped in violence using alcohol and drugs to numb their painit's boys who were ed and traumatized who are now men, who are in silence because they're vulnerable. indiviat every single level have been touched by this. family members, community members, professionals have told me that they have been either a victim of violence, sexually assaulted, a survivor. the crisis of violence against navajo women, we're just at the tip of the iceberg. we have to change that, that norm, that me hearing young girls saying, not "if" it's going to happen when we do our prevention work, but, "what do i do when it happens?" my name is amber kanazbah crotty and this is my brief but spectacular take on revitalizing navajo communities.
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>> woodruff: so hard to hear but so important. >> woodruff: finally, a quick yex about california's high-speed rail. we misstated the amount of the granted that tad trump nistration killed. it is $930 million. and that is the newshour for tonight. i'm judy uoodruff. jo online and again here tomorrow evening with mark shields and david bro for all of us at the pbs newshour, thank you and we'll see you soon. >> major funding for the pbs newshour has been provided by: >> abbel. a language app that teaches real-life conversations in a nea uage. >> consumecellular. >> bnsf railway.
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