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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  May 17, 2019 5:30pm-6:01pm PDT

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[applaus >> and now, "bbc world news." jane: this is "bbc world news america." reporting from washington, i am jane o'brien. missouri becomes the latestri state to pass antiabortion laws, moving the debate closer to a showdown in the courts. jamal khashoggi's fiancee criticizes america's unwillingness to hold saudi arabia to account for his trder. she sa country's values have been eroded. rown that launched a thousand memes. internet star grumpy cat h died at the age of seven.
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jane:vi welcome to ouers on public television in america and around the globe. missouri has become the latest state to pass strict antiabortion legislation.ma republican lrs approved a bill that would outlaw the procedure after 8 weeks. the move is the seen as part of a broader challenge to the constitution. just days ago, alabama passed an even tougher law that effectively bans all abortions in the state. the bbc's chris buckler is following developments and he joins me now. chris, why does moment seem to be growing right now? chris: in a series of states he was seeing republicanshae the law to restrict access to abortion, but it is so much a wider issue about access to abortion in the united states, going back 4 years to that famous supreme court case roe v. wade. tthey want to be ab challenge that. in missouri today there were emotional stage proceedings were
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interrupted by protesters in the public gallery. if you lk at the legislation -- it still has to be signed into law by missouri's governor -- but it bans abortions 8 weeks into pregnancy. that of course is very, very restrictive. it is concerning demerrats for a nuf reasons. all, it has medical exceptionsrom what it doesn't do ise gceptions for women who have been the victim of rap e or incest. that is what had democrats concerned. >> anytime we are so disrespectful and immoral that we would force a woman to bringf toa child that is the result of a rape and incest or of sex trafficking, we are not thinking about life.
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chris: when you look at this legislation, jane, it is very clear it is going to be challengedn the courts. it has a ladder of different time limits. wass 8-with time-limited overturned in the court case, it would have a slightly less restrictive time limit that would comnd pick into place. moralabama case is a much restrictive law, outlawing abortion in every casexcept for a medical emergency. this does have an option in it to replicate that in missouri if roe v. wade was to be overturned in the supreme court. for republicans, that is a key issue. they want to challenge it in the supreme court. they say that protecting an unborn chi is something they feel strongly about. >> should a child, a life inside a mother's womb, be killed due to the action of its parents? should it be killed merely because it is an inconvenience to its parents or unwanted? the simple answer is no.
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jane: what has been the public reaction to this so far? chris: we spend so much time talking about how divided american politics can be. i don't think there is anyue i thisis more divisive than one. people on two sides on this will you have donald trump supporters who are christian evangelicals who want this to be taken to the supreme court and believe there is a real chance of overturning rus v. wade becathe supreme court has chan appointed new justices and there is now a conservative majority. on the other hand, you have people who are involved in a backlash to these changes taking place. in georgia, where restrictive laws are coming into place, there are tv and film companies who are not prepared to film in georgia anymore. that is important to he in alabama there is a music festival taking place, and se people are saying it should be boycotted.
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it gives you a sense that this is conservatives versus liberals facing off against each other on th key issue of abortion. going intowi 2020, i not be settled, but what i do think you will find is that during the election campaign something they fight about. jane: talking about 2020 isbriefly, do you think ould become a single issue vote? chs: for a lot of people it already is in some ways a single i spoke to christian evangelicals last year ahead of elections and they said there were things aboudonald trump's life and morality that they are concerned about, but on abortion they feel he is the safe choice and that is important to them. jane: chris buckler, thank you tar joining me. same-sex couples ian can legally get married starting at the end of next week. the landmark bill makes the island the f asia to recognize gay marriage . hundreds of activists cheered the ruling when it was announced in parliament, although some sa
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furthetion is needed. reporter: cheers of joy as the crowd loans parliament has voted --he crowd learns parliame pls voted overwhelmingly to allow same-sex c to register for marriage in taiwan. members of the lgbt community and their supporters were also elated that legislators voted in favor of giving same-sex couples uae same rights as heteros couples, including adopting each other's biologicalhildren and inheriting eh other's assets and making medical decisions on each other's behalf. >> we are very happy today. we feel like we are in a dream because today we f cally be sure to know we can marry on may 24 and give our childrenpa rental rights finally. reporter: what happened here today is not only unprecedented for taiwan, but also for asia. many people in the lgbt community gathered here today. they have been fighting for
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des for the rights grant to them today. but this could have unintended consequences for the presingnt and the ruarty in next year's presidential vote, beuse they went against th majority of citizens, which did not favor giving same-sex couples the same rights as heterosexual couples. gay rights activists say more work still needs to be done. the bill adopted by parliament does not allow gay couples to adopt nonbiological children. members of the lgbt communit say they want taiwan' government to give them equal rights eventually. jane: brexit talks between the ruling conservative government and the opposition labor party have broken down, fueling frustration over the uk's exit from the european union. bo sides say the other is blame. labor leader jeremy corbyn accuses the governme weakness and instability. prime minister theresa may says the lack of a common position within labour has made talks difficult.
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heres our deputy political editor john pienaar. john: odd to see them talking at all about a brexit compromise, but still bad news for mrs. may when they broke do. >> these talks have now reached what i believe totu be a l conclusion. the prime minister has announced today she is leaving. there are increasing noises off stvee by conservaabinet ministers and others who don't alagree with much of theks or any of the discussions we are holding. s. are concluding the talk john: no comfort here for a prime minister on boowed time. helping her was hardly mr. corbyn's priority anywa what a time to promote the tories' faltering election euro election campaign. no cheering crowds, not many there in bristol for her messe. prime min. may: next thursday we will be holding european elections. the conservative party did not want to be fighting these. we wand to be out of the
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european union. indeed, if parliament had backed out brexit deal, we could have left the eu. john: the breakdown of brexit talks, all labor's fault. beee min. may: we have not able to overcome the fact that there is not a common position in labour on whether they want to deliver brexit or hold a eferendum on whether to reverse it. con: some concessions, but labor reis split on a new reum and the tories on sharing eu custom laws. there may be votes on brexit options and an attempt to pass legislation to leave.is >> i think important that parliament takes a decision, and i think that means every mp thinking their conscience that perhaps to accept the second or third erence to find the right compromise. john: t the pressure is intense. the tories who are campaigning at all -- many are not bothering -- expect a bad euro election night next thursday. boris johnson has now declar himself a candidate to succeed mrs. may.
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other potential runns would like to see brexit delivered first. job? you want the top >> m i think theost important thing we need to do is focus on the fact that the government is bringing forward a bill whichna will eble us to leave the european union. t john: ifresa may's lasts effort endin failure, the next tory leader may take office having promised the sharper break from the eu.in the card-car conservatives will choose britain's next prime minister are by and large brexiteers. senioronservatives are convinced that the chances of evening witho deal are as high as they have ever been. parliament might oppose that, but constitutial experts say that only the government could at a single stroke stop it from happening. jane: john pienaar reporting there. let's have a quick look at the day's other news. the u.s. andanada have agreed to drop tariffs on steel and aluminum imports, paving the way for ratification of a new north
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american trade agreent. the tariffs were introduced by the u.s. and have delayed the implementation of the accord. canada's prime minister justin trudeau said he is working wit the u.s. to finalize the agreement, which also includes mexico. germany has announced it will return a 500-year-old stone cross to namibia after it washe taken during tolonial era. the monument is a portuguese navigation landmark tn t was placede southwest african coastline in 1486. germany has pledged to return artifacts and human remains to its former conies. a farmer from the u.s. state of nebraska who sawed off his own leg after coming trapped in farming equipment used a pen knife to cut ioff and crawled to the nearest phone to call for help. well, he spent weeks in hospital in rehabilitation before returning home last week. the fiancée of the murdered journalist jamal khashoggi hasll
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on u.s. lawmakers to hold saudi arabia accountable for his killing. ahatice cengiz sarica's unwillingness to do so shows that the country's values have been eroded. ms. cengiz was the last person to see mr. khashoggi ave. the saudi dissident and "washington post" columnist disappeared after entering the saudi consulate in istanbul. once inside, he was murdered and dismembered i saudi agents. u.s. intelligence officials believe that crown prince mohammad bin salman ordered the killing, but riyadh deni he had any knowledge or involvement. president trump initially said his administration was committed to seeking justice, and the u.s. treasury imposed sanctions on 17 saudis accused of being involved. but the white house has shied away from taking a direct stand against its regional ally.gh mr. khgi's fiancée joined
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me a short time ago. thank you for joining me. jamal said he believed that the united states was a place wheae you could truth to power. do you think you would be disappointed by the u.s. response to his murder? hatice: although i can't say with any certainty what he would think, just from my previous discussions with him about why he moved to the ited states, i can honestly say i think he would be disappointed. the reason he chose to come to america and leave everything behind was because he believed the power of the united states. the lack of response to such an atrocious killing would have been very disappointing. jane: when president trump invited you to the white house, you declined. you are now ready to meet him. what will you say? what has changed?
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'tice: the reason i didn'take part in the immediate aftermath ofhe incident is because i truly trusted institutions around the world to find a resolution to this awful event. i believed thaexlegal powers, utive powers would allow us to reach a satisfying conclusion in this very clear case. however, seven months have passed, and as a result, there are few if any results we can point to that indicate any change has been made in the case. no official announcements have been made, no official sanctiona been put into place. there have been no results andun nohment. for that reason, i think i had to take a formal stand and take moral stand and take it on myself. ththink now is the right time to do it, and i come he hope trump will change his mind. i would like to add the turkish government did present results of their own investigation as transparently as posto the global public in the hope that more widespread international approach would be taken in
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regards to giving the perpetrator a trial and punishment. the international society should follow up on these issues. that is why i amere. jane: if nothing is done, what are the consequences? do you fear yourwn life will in danger? hatice: i can honestly tell you i don't feel in direct danger myself, but you can never sure. however, that being said, jamal himself told me he felt safest in turkey, but he was murdered inside his own consulate in turkey and never expected that. we can never say that our lives are 100% sure. do i feel fear? yes, sometimes i do. but in general, no, i do not expect something severe to happen to me. if something did, it won't go unnoticed.
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no answer is just as powerful as an answer. that means all the world has been silent to such a murder. that means all the humanitariana es have been eroded. that means international interests are more important than human values. the values of the u.s. have been seriously eroded.th people arounworld are proud of having democracy, human rights, and freedom of expression. if nothing happens, we will understand that politica interests are more important se values. jane: hatice cengiz, thank you very much for joing me. hatice: thank you. thank you very much. jane: you are watching "bbc world news america." still to come up tonight's
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program, the cruel cost of close encounte with animals that mean big business for ecotourism. doors in the u.k. have used keyhole surgery to treat a baby with spina bifida whe child was still inside the room. a team at king's college hospital in london performed the operation. it is not a cure for condition, a birth defect involving the spine. but for some children it might help their long-term prospects, as health coespondent james gallagher reports. james: meet baby jackson. he had pioneering spinal surgery before he was born. his mom was told that without an operation, jackson may never have moved his legs. they had surgery while jackson was still a tiny fetus in her womb. t >> we had beenold i couldn't have babies and everything.
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so any decision we have to make made it purely for the fact that he is meant to be here these routine scans found that jackson had spina bifida. his spinal cord are not -- was not developing properly, which could lead to paralysis e.ter in l surgery reduces the risk. >> we are operating under very delica structures. it exposes the fetus itself, very small, and we are operating on the fetus inside the womb.ou obviy a very delicate operation. james: surgeons operated when she was weeks pregnant. 27a tiny camera and surgical tools were used to correct tby spinal defecushing tissues back into place. spina bifida cannot be completely cured, but surgery in the womb can be the difference between the child learning to walk or not.
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jackson is still being looked after in neonatal intensive care, but he is doing well and should be ready go home soon. james gallagher, bbc news.ne from riding elephants to swimming with dolphins, the chance for hands-on experience with exotic animals has created a growing industry. but many tourists don't see thet abuse they c the latest cover story from "national geographic" goes into the explication of wildlife around the world. i spoke to the articles writer, natasha daly. a warning, you may find some of these images dyoturbing. thanfor joining me. natasha: thank you for having me. jane: people want to be with these animals because they love animals, so why can't they see the cruelty? natasha: actually, you raise a
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great point, that people love these animals and that is why ey want these experiences. but the way these experiences are designed is you ually on vacation and you go somewhere maybe for a day but maybe a couple of hours and you have your experience, whether that is riding an elephant or hugging a bathing anor elephant or watching a show, and then you take your ps and you leave, and because of the short time window, you don't have the ability to know what is .going on behind the scen jane: you say take pictures. how has social media contributed to these problems? natasha: social media isf huge driveris. these tivities are not necessarily anything new, but cause people go and they document their activities and post to instagram, for example, the family can see it and wants to do the same thing. and people who have lots of followers like instagram influencers, it is potentially aching 50,000 people. jane: what was the worst example of cruelty you saw? natasha: there was an elephant in thailand at the end of my ipreporting here.
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we discovered him any the performance stadium. he had a wound on his temple anu his eyesn't fix and he was completely emaciated, surrounded by elephants in similar conditions. it stopped me in my absolutely. very difficult to witness. jane: how do people liow if the fa is humane and ethical? one of the places you describe sounded on the surface as if it was quite fine. natasha: absolutely so it is actually really difficult to tell. many places willall themselves sanctuaries. you go to the website and they say "humane, ethical facility." it is difficult to tell for many people, so you have to dig deeper. and two-stne- reviews. if they offer interaction as opposed to just observation, and raising red flags.: ja you went to several countries for this report. is there any international oversiret? natasha: ts not. that is what makes this so challenging.
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repeatedly people ask if there is a somewhere i can go to guide me, and the answer is no, not really. we feel like in doing this reporting, the best way that people can sort of appthis iso arm themselves with information to tell for themselves what is problematic. jane: how did this affect you? i cannot imagine witnessing sustained cruelty like this. natasha: it wavery difficult. yes, as you mentioned, sustained exposure to it. i was there to do a job and report what i saw for this story, but i am a human first and a journalist second. i can't say that it was not incredibly difficult to witness these things. jane: do you think you willch ge minds with this report? natasha: i hope so. that is the hope and the goal. we have had a tremendous response already on social media and across platforms. it is wonderful because we want these situations to be seen anda spread and. jane: natasha daly, thank you very much indeed. natasha: thank you very much. jane: very distrsing report.
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more sad news for animal lovers, grumpy cat has died in arizona at the age of seven. the famous feline became a sensatn after her frowning face went final, spawning thousands of memes, leading to television aearances and millions of adoring fans. >> ♪ memories turn your face to the moon ght ♪ reporter: she was born tardar sauce, but became a global phenomenon as grumpy cat practically overnight when photos of her went viral in12 >> because of these expressions, makes you smile. i can't be grumpy. i tried to have grumpy face, but you can't. reporter: but on friday, her owner shared the sad news to the 4 million social-media followers. "some days are grumpier than others," they wrote. she encountered complications from a urinary tract infection that became too tough for her to
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overcome. shwas seven years old. the news has prompted grumpy cat's fans to remember her life, and maybe there were nine of them, becae her success was extraordinary. aside from the thousands of online jokes, grumpy cat traveled the world there was merchandise, sponsorships, book deals, s.lebrity meet and gre she was even immortalized at madame tussaud's in san francisco. >> she was thrilled. as you can see, she is thrilled. reporter: there was a cameoce appearn the bbc. >> this isn't any old cat. this is grumpy cat. >> grumpy cat. [laughter] reporter: her owners say grumpy's unique fl impression is due to a form of dwarfism. as made her one of the richest animals in history. grumpy cat's net worth is estimated to be in the millions of dolrs. but now the internet is saying goodbye to a cat that taught us
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it is ok to be grumpy sometimes. jane: thanks to the internet, grumpy cat will neve.really leave i'm jane o'brien. thanks for watching. have a good weekend. >> with the bbc news app, our vertical videos are designed too around your lifestyle, so you can swipe your way throughne the ws of the day and stay up-to-date with the latestli headnes you can trust. download now from selected app. stores >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, and judy and peter bvler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. >> what are u doing? >> possibilities. your day is filled with them. >> tv, play "downton abbey." >> and pbs helps everyone discover theirs.
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anytime, anywhere. pbs.it we areyou for life.ne >> "bbc worl" was presented by kcet, los angeles.
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening. i'm judy woodruff. on the newshour tonight: thousands march in hong kong, to protest a new law that stokes fear that it will silence critics of china's government. then, investigators determine an electsmrical trsion line was the cause of the deadliest fire in california history. omplus, democratic congres tulsi gabbard discusses her run for the white house, whilehi markds and david brooks analyze the latest in the e and more.l r and, game over. the smash hit hbo show "game of thrones" comes to an end this weekend. we examine what made the shchow sensation. all that and more, on tonight's pbs newshour.

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