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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  May 21, 2019 2:30pm-3:00pm PDT

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[applause] >> and now, "bbc world news." laura: this is "bbc world news america." reporting from washington, i am laura trevelyan.br trump officialf congress on the threat from iran, signaling america's efforts have detered iran for now. the former white house counsel is the latest no-show on the hill, escalating tensions between the administration and lawmakers. >> when this committee issues a subpoena even to a senior advir, the witness must show up. laura: plus, jamie oliver is feeling the heat. why the celebrity chef's ruggling in are the u.k.
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welcome to our viewers public television in america and around the globe. top trump officials gave lawmakers a classified briefing iran today after days of ramped up rhetoric between washington and tehran. the u.s. has sent an aircraft carrier to the persian gulf and evacuated nonessential staff from iraq amid threats linked iran. the acting defense secretary said today potential attacks by iran have been put on hold. t's go to capitol hill and join the bbc's barbara plett-usher. is that a distinct change in tone? barbar yes, but mr. shanahan would arguhethat is because approach worked. the military buildup in the region, the threatening rhetoric he says actually deterred iran from carrying out threatened
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attacks interests.merican he said, though,ab that this was t deterrence, is not about war, and the focus is about trying to prevent iran from making miscalculations, as he put it. he was making the case because there was a lot of backlash. lawmakers were asking, does the intelligence jusfys avy- approach, isn't this just going to lead to more confrontation and conflict. mr. shanahan and others we on the hill to make the case that it was necessary and it worked. laura: barbara ptt-usher on the hill, thank you. mofo on that briefing, i spoke earlier with democrat susan wild, who is on the foreign affairs committee. tawhat did the sec of state tell you about the threat from an? rep. wild: we just had a confidential briefing. y,did not find it to be anymore
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illuminating, franhan what i read in news accounts. but the administration and the secretary of state seemed to el that there is still a ongoing threat from iran that has accelerated. there was some discussion about whether it little bit in recent days. laura: but after these days of really bellicose rhetoric from both the u.s. and an, how concerned are you personally about the tensions? rep. wild: i am very concerned. i don't like aggressive rhetoric. i think that diplomacy and more import this case, careful military strategy, is very, very important.in i don't that rhetoric serves any good purpose at all. laura: the u.s. has withdrawn from the iran nuclear deal and now it is pursuing this campaign of maximum pressure on iran. could that work in bringing them to the negotiating t rep. wild: i don't know that iran will come to the negotiating table, but i wl tell you that i don't think it is wrong for the administration
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to act in a way -- the commander--chief has the right and the ability and should use all of the tools in his toolbox, which include military readiness. ion't have a disagreement with that. but i am concerned about whether there is a strategy to back that up, and i really don't like the use of aggressive rhetoric. laura: now that there is a u.s.r aircrafter in the region, ar there the possibility of an accidental mility confrontation between the u.s. and iran? rep. wild: well, i certainly hope not. i believe and i hope that our military is much more ared than to do anything of an unintended nature. laur if iran goes so far as pull out of the nuclear deal itself, what would the consequences be there? rep. wild: i don't know what the consequences wouldt.e at this po i think it is very important that congress remains fully briefed by the administrion at
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all times on all developments in and around iran so we know what is going on, so it's some kind of action needs to be taken, we are in a position to be in a very knowledgeable kind of way vote on whether to authorize any kind of action.om laura: congres susan wild, p.ank you very much for joining us. ild: my pleasure. thank you so much. laura: the friction between congress and the white house is growing by the day. the latest flashpoint was the absence of former white house counsel don mcgahn, who was supposed to appear before the house judiciary committee today. democrats want to ask him about the mueller report and possible obstruction ofustice by the president. the white house told mcgahn not to appear. house democrats still want to hear what he has to say. rep. nadler: let me be clear. this committee will hear mr. mcgahn's testimoneven if we have to go to court to secure it. we will not allow the president to prevent the american people from hearing from this witness.l wenot allow the president
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to block congressional p subpoenating himself and his allies above the law. laura: for more on this i spoke earlier with jonathan turley, bbc legal analyst and law professor at george washington university. jonathan, this is the second high-profile no-show in weeks. bill barr the attoey general being the first. can the white house carry on essentially ving the finger to congress? jonathan: [laughter] yes. the question is what congress is going to do about it. mcdohn is the most difficult witness they will have to deal with in that the white house unsel sits at the nucleus of executive privilege.is s the apex of authority of the president to resist subpoenas.ll there e a colossal fight over what he can say.ss i think congas an insurmountable claim, or unassaable certainly, that he has to appear. the question is what can he say.
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the white house can say that unless you want him reading from the eller report, you need t clear it with us if he is going to talk about evidence and documents not in the report. that could force a very long and difficult review by the court. laura: in the meantime, this stonewalling is meaning pressure is growing among democrats including some on the judiciary committee to start impeachment proceedings.he ifdid that, would they be able to get more people to appear and get more papers? jonathan: they can. i testified in congress last week and i expressed my confusion because they are playing the weakest cards in their hand. they have the impeachment card, d ich is very strong. when courts are fath impeachment inquiry, they tend to favor congress. instead, these committees have said we are procgeding under the ral oversight authority. that makes it a closer question. .he house leadership is known to oppose impeachme they don't particularly want to impeach him, they certainly
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don't want to remove him. he is good for them, but they can't say that to their voters. ur it is pretty confusing to the ame ican people. going to have this constitutional standoff going on until the 2020 election? jonathan: well, now it is being forced in a way that speaker pelosi does not like, it is sort of like sherlock holmes, the dog that didn't bark. a lot of people are saying why haven't you started impeachment, you keep on saying he committed impeachable offenses, you arer fighting ocess to documents, and yet you don't want to call this an impeachment proceeding. m that is becomie and more untenable for a lot of voters. laura: meanwhile, we are also hearing th there is tension over whether the special counsel robert mueller will himself appear in front of congress. what is that about? jonathan: it's an interesting dynamic. bil, barr, the attorney gene said he is perfectly ok with mueller testifying. some reports indicate that it is mueller's people who are slowing
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the process and might oppose an appearance. but most of us expect he will eventually be called. but that is going to trigger questions as to what he can say in resolving these executive-privilege problems. laura: jonathan turley, fascinating. thank you. jonathan: thank you. laura: in other news, the founder of huawei has said that confrontation withst the united es is inevitable because his company's global ambitions threaten u.s. interest. he said that congress has -- huawei has prepared for a dispute, stockpiling computer chips on a large scale. severe storms with tornadoes ani heavy rain havparts of america's midwest. an estimated 6 million people are at risk. about a dozen tornadoes touched down on monday evening, causing damage to mes in oklahoma and kansas. europeans had to the polls this week in a vote that is being seen as aefendum on the merits of unified iraq. the rise of eurosceptic paies
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has put pressure on the traditional eu establishment the model for many of these groups is hungary, where prime onminister viktor hasct enforce a stnti-immigrant policy. reporter: the family have two passions, swimming and their prime minister. viktor orban has one popular support in hungry partially by giving financial lp to large families. reporter: an ardent nationalist, orban has waged war on migrants. ever since the refugee crisis of
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2015, they have been the enemy here. giant eu electionte billboards people to support the prime minister's plan to end immigration. they are absolutely everywhere. voters areeing bombarded with his message to stop migration. this is a country where last than 700e were fewer migrants. reporter: in this border the mayor is one of orban's most vocal critics. this is state tv? reporter: most of hungary's media has something to the government, and migrant stories are constantly in the news.
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reporter: what do you hear on the news on what is happening in europe? reporter: we head to an election event held by orban's party. reporter: why is your eu election campaign focused on migration when migrants hape virtually stcoming to hungary in recent years? >> it is not a question whether in this timeframe they are coming or not. this is mobilizing our efforts. that is the reason.
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reporter: as nationalist parties across europe seek to capitalize see hungarymany as their inspiration. laura: in yemen, millions could have even less aid after the world food program said it may suspend deliveries to areas held by houthrebels. the organization said the work is being hampered by obstructive houthi leaders. the u.n. has dcribed yemen as the world's worst humanitarian crisis. earlier i spoke to the executive director, david beasley. thanks for being with d uid beasley. your greatest challenge in yemen mes not from the guns, but
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from the obstructive leadership of some houthi leaders. what are they doing when you try to deliver aid? david: you can imagine you are in a country and even a normal day is tough and you are trying to feed 10 million to 12 million people. at is difficult enough. compound that with nting access because of certain political elements, and in this situation we are talking about the houthis. let me be clear, the good houthis and bad houthis. we thought we were on the road to progress. we thought we would make a breakthrou to get the access we needed, the equipment we needed, personnel we needed, the vehicles we needed, the biometrics to reregistration, the independent organization and operation that we need so we can move forward because we knew that there was food being iddiverted, food a being stolen in certain areas. fura: right, but the situation is bad enough withood aid being diverted.
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you are considering suspending the delivery of aid. wouldn't that hurt the peopleng you are tro help? david: let me tell you, that is one of the hardest decisions you can imagine. right now people are dying because food aid is being diverted. children are dyin' because we 't have access to the areas we need. we believe that if the houthis will give us the systems -- we operate alover the world. we are not asking them to do anything that we don't ask stywhere in the world. juive us the access so we can do what we do best, keep people alive and ensure that the moneys and the food and the assistance goes into the hands and the mouths of innocent victims of war and conflict. laura: this conflict has been going on since 2015. just how dire is the situation? david: it is about as bad as it gets. this is unquestionably the worst humanitarian disaster on earth today. litelly half the people, out
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of 30 million people, 12 million are on the brink of starvation as we speak. if we are not there, people will die massively. we are keeping people alive. we have the funds, we have the expertise to make sure thanot a single person in this country dies from lack of food. and so not to have access we need, it is just heartbreaking. it is like, goodness gracious,e give us cess. d all we want is feed innocent people. there are those who want to use food as a weapon of war and recruitment and use it politically. we know people who should be getting it are not getting it. we know people who should not be getting it are getting it. why? il we want to do is do wh right. laura: david beasley, thank you for joining us. david: thank you. watching "bbc world news america." still to come on tonight's
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stest manhe was the on two wheels and a trailblazer for his time. we hear the story of african american cyclist major taylor. ieve the rate at ich ice is melting in greenland and antarctica is accelerating. a new secret was to double the level of previous estimates by 2100. it could lead to the rosplacement of hundreds of millions of peopled the globe. the authors say there is time to avoid such scenarios, as caroline rigby reports. caroline: global warming is caing ice sheets in antarctica and greenland to melt, but some scientists believe climate models have underestimated the likely level of milking this century. now a ne study drawing on evidence has warned that the situation could bethar worse
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generally accepted. in 2013, the u.n.'s intergovernmental panel on climate change predicted that by the end of the century, global sea levels would rise by about a meter. resechers now suggest seas could rise by twice that amount. that is if unchecked carbon emissions caused the world to warm by five degrees celsius rather than the two-degree scenario with the paris agreement. the consequences of this on coastal communities and ecosystems would be catastrophic. countries are set to meet a hardest hit. 1.million square kilometers of land could be lost. o up t187 million people displaced. abanglandde the nila would be particularly badly affected. major global cities including london, new york, and shanghai would come under threat. the auors of this report say
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the likelihood of this level of global warming anda associated vel rise are just 5% -- st essence, a wase scenario. but with such profound uetential conses for humanity, they are urging politicians to reduce carbon emissions urgently. caroline rigby, bbc news. laura: long before jackie robinson was taking down racial barriers in basell, another african-american athlete took on a white-dominated sport and came out on top. major taylor was the fastestcy ist of the 1890's, during america's gilded age when segregation was rife. his remarkable life is the subject of a new book, "the world's fastest man," by journast michael kranish.
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he joined me earlier. major taylor was as you put it in the subtitle the world'or first black hero. why has his story been obscured until now? michael: cyclior is not the today that it was then. the bicycle was king. it was a white-dominated sport, and major taylor came along and i want to compete against the best white riders. that is what he did. hd it you detail h was for them to do that. the racism seemed almost insurmountable, didn't it? michael: it did. he was banned from many races. he had some white supporters. but there was incredible t racim time. when he raced in madison square garden, it was a month after the supreme court ruled in a case called plessy versus ferguson said tt separate but equal accommodations were fair. t they were not fair to blacks, of course. major taylor wanted to compete against the great sprinters in
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madison square garden. he won the preliminary race and then completed the six-day race. he survived all six days. laura: you real in the book how major taylor had a white mentor. dihothey take on the sport of cycling? >>en he had he world's 'sca era,an, and in today e israel skim along, and he was making bikes and he wanted major taylor -- he met him in indiana -- he wanted to make him a champion. major taylor will be the fastest bike rider in e world. incredibly, that is what happened. laura: it wasn't just the jofastest man in america, taylor. he took on the world. michael: he came to paris, he lost the first race and then won the second question.ere was no he up in the champion in america, he won the world championship. he became an international sensation. at the time one of the best-known athletes in the world. laura: but it came at a great
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personal cost. some of the letters you write about in the book show how he was frightened for his life when he raced. rechael: in america there many threats against him. ththe white riders sai thought he was taking away their earnings.an here and more 10,000 a year, a vast amount of money in the 1890's. they made death threats against him, they choked him at one point. they wanted to keep him from competing. he eventually did a lot of his races in the firstecade of the in europe, and then he went to 1900s australia for two seasons. he got more of a welcome there. there was one who came from france to america and said there was only one from america we want to compete with the best, and that is major taylor. youa: michael kranishha , for telling his story. jamie oliver's recipes are popular, and his boyish
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enthusiasm made him a tv star. but in the u.k. come his restaurants are struging. reporter: from the cheeky chef on the block -- jamie: look at that. reporter: to campaigner, tv star, and books, jie oliver has built an empire as britain's hst successful chef, and opened dozens of restaurants, too. nothing was being served up his restaurant business collapsed. 22 outlets closed with immediate effect. around 1000 jobs lost. in a statement, jamie oliver said, "i'm devastated that our much loved u.k. restaurants have gone into administration. i am deeply saddened by this outcome and woullike to thank all of the people who put their hearts and souls into this busiss over the years." so what went wrong? >> he just got a bit too -- >> chainy. >> wheas there are so many cracking little restaurants.
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reporter: today's news is that a -- is not a total surprise. the chain almost went bust up a cole years ago. jamie oliver put in 13 million pounds of his own money to save it. 12 outlets closed last year in a restructuring plan. t it is clear that the turnaround has worked. it has been tough for lots of other casual dining chns, too. just some of the brands who have had to close outlets, counting the cost of overexpansion. >> midmarket restaurants are being squeezed at both ends, and they are finding it hard to makt monehis time.e if they t offering exactly what consumers want, they cannot make money because the cost of wages and business and running promotions to get people through the door are too much. reporter: his other businesses emmay be thriving, but it that jamie oliver's restaurants were not able to keep up with changing tastes in what has become an increasingly crowded market.
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jamiea.nd of an er for you can find all of the day's news on our website. i am laura trevelyan. fothank you watching. >> with the bbc news app, our vertical videos are designed to work around your lifestyle, so you can swipe your way through the news of the day and stay up-to-date with the la headlines you can trust.wn doad now from selected app stores. >> funding of this presentation is made possible byda the freeman foon, and judy and peter blum-kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. >> what are you doing? >> possibities. your day is filled with them. >> tv, play "dowon abbey." >> and pbs helps everyone discover theirs.
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> oodruff: good evening. i'm judy woodruff. former white house counsel don mcgahn skips his hearing before the u.s. house judiciary committee, as some congressionae democrats raup calls to begin impeachment prt eedings agaiesident trump. then, trouble in the persian gulf. the leaders of the u.s. senates foreign relatimmittee, on the latest tensions wi iran. ius, two worlds, one state. a college program inois seeks to bridge the divide between urban and rural students. >> we make this assumption that anyone on the left believes a kind of rigid philosophy, and anyone on the right believes a rigid philosopthat's never changing. and one of the things that this

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