tv BBC World News America PBS May 21, 2019 5:30pm-6:00pm PDT
[applause] >> and now, "bbc world news. laura: this is "bbc world news america." reporting from washington, i am laura trevelyan. trump officials brief congress on the threat from iran, signaling america's efforts have detered iran for now. the former white house counsel is the latest no-show on the hill, escalating tensis between the administration and lawmakers. >> when this committee issues a subpoena even to a senior advisor, the witness must show up. ver is plus, jamie o feeling the heat. why the celebrity chef's restaurants are struggli the u.k.
laura: wel public television in america and around the globe. top trump officials gave lawmakers a classified briefing iran today after days of ramped up rhetoric between washington and tehran. the u.s. has sent an aircraft carrier to the persian gulf and evacuated nonessential staff from iraq amid threats linked to iran. the acting defense secretary said today potential attacks by an have been put on hold. 'les go to capitol hill and join the bbc's barbara plett-usher. is that a distinct change in tone? barbara: yes, but mr. shanahan would argue that approach worked. the military buildup in the region, the threateninghe rhetoc
ays actually deterred iran from carrying out threatened attacksgainst american interests. he said, though, thathis was abou deterrence, is not about war, and the focus is about trying to prevent iran from making miscalculations, as he put it. he was making the case because there was a lot of backlash. lawmakers were asking, does the intelligence justify this heavy-handed approach, isn't this just going to lead to more confrontation and conflict. mr. shanahan and others were on the hillo ke the case that it was necessary and it worked. laura: barbara plett-usher on the hill, thank you. for more on that briefing, i spoke earlier with democrat susan wild, who is on the foreign affairs committee. owhat did the secreta state tell you about the threat from iran rep. wild: we just had a
i did not find it to be anymore illuminating, frankly, than what i read in news accounts. but e administration and the secretary of state seemed to feel that there is still an ongoing that from iran that has accelerated. there was some discussion about whether it hasecreased just a ttle bit in recent days. laura: but after these days of really bellicose rhetoric from both the u.s. and iran, how neconcare you personally about the tensions? rep. wild: i am very concerned. n't like aggressiveor rh. i think that diplomacy and more important in this case, careful military strategy, is very, very important. i don't think that rhetoric serves any good purpose at all. laura: the.s. has withdrawn from the iran nuclear deal and now it is pursuing this campaign of maximum pressure on could that work in bringing them to the negotiating table? rep. wild: i don't know that iran will come to the negotiating table, but i will tell you that i don't think it
is wrong for the administration to act in a wa-- the commander-in-chief has the right and the ability and should use all of the tools in his toolbox, which include military readiness. so i don't have a disagreement with that. but i am concerned about whether there is a strategy to back that up, and i really don't like the use of aggressive rhetoric. laura: now that there is a u.s.r aircraft carn the region, is there the possibility of an accidental military confrontation between the u.s. and iran? rep. wild: well, i certainly hope not. i believe and i hope that our military is much more prepared than to do anything of an unintended nature. laura: if iran goes so far as to pull out of the nuclear deal itself, what would the consequences be there? rep. wild: i don't know what the consequences would be this point. i think it is very important
that congress remains fully briefed by the administratioat all times on all developments in and around iran so we know what is going on, so it's some kind of action needs to be w takeare in a position to be in a very knowledgeable kind of way vote on whether to sthorize any kind of action. laura: congresswoman wild, thank you very much for joining us. rep. my pleasure. thank you so much. laura: the friction between congress and the white house is gring by the day. the latest flashpoint was the absence of former white house counsel don mcgahn, who was supposed to appear before the house judiciary committee today. democrats want task him about the mueller report and possible obstruction of justice by the president. the white house told mcgahn not to appear. house democrats still want to hear what he has to say. rep. nadler: let me be clear. this committee will hear mr. mcgahn's testimony ev if we have to go to court to secure it. we will not allow the president to prevent the american peopleea fromng from this witness.
we will not allow the presidents to block cononal hebpoenas, putting himself and his allies aboveaw. laura: for more on this i spoke earlier with jonathan turley, bbc legal analyst and law professor at george washington university. jonathan, this is the second high-prole no-show in weeks. bill barr the attorney genal being the first. can the white houscarry on essentially giving the finger to congress? jonathan: [laughter] yes. the question is what congress is going to do about it. idon mcgathe most difficult witness they will have to deal with in that the white housese cosits at the nucleus of executive privilege. this is the apex of authority of the president to resist subpoenas.a there will blossal fight aer what he can say. i think congress h insurmountable claim, or unassailableertainly, that he has to appear.
the question is what can he say. the white house can say that unless you want him reading from the muellereport, you need to clear it with us if he is going to talk about evidence and documents not in the report. that could force a very long and difficult review by the court. laura: in the meantime, this stonewalling is meaning that t essure is growing among democrats including some on the judiciary committee to start impeachment proceedings.d if they at, would they be able to get more people to appear and get more papers?an jonathan: they i testified in congress last week and i expressed my confusion because they are playing the weakest cards in their hand. they have the impeachment card, which is very strong. when courts are faced wi impeachment inquiry, they tend to favor congress. instead, these committees have said we are proceeding under the general oversight authority. that makes it a closer question. the house leadership is known to oppose impeachment.
they don't particularly want to impeach him, they certainly don't want to remove him. he is good for them, but they can't say that to their voters. laura: it is pretty confusing to the americanoieople. are we to have this constitutional standoff going on until the 2020 election? jonathan: well, now it is being forced in a way that speaker pelosi does not like, it is sort of like sherlock holmes, the dog th didn't bark. a lot of people are saying why haven't you started impeachment, you keep on saying he committed sspeachable offenses, you are fighting over aco documents, and yet you don't want to call this an impeachment proceeding. that is becoming mormore untenable for a lot of voters. laura: meanwhile, we are also hearing that there is tension over whether the special counsel robertueller will himself appear in front of congress. what is that about? jonathan: it's an interesting dynamic. bill barr, the attorney general, said he is perfectly ok with mueller testifying. someeports indicate that it mueller's people who are slowing
the process and might oppose an appearance. but most of us expect he will eventually be called. but that is going to trigger questions as to wh he can say resolving these executive-privilege problems. laura: jonathan turley,in faing. thank you. jonathan: thank you. laura: in other news, the founder of huawei has said that confrontation with the united states is inevitable because his company's global ambitions threaten.s. interest. he said that congress has -- huawei has prepared foa dispute, stockpiling computer chips on a large scale. severe storms with tornadoes and heavy rain have hit parts of america's midwest. an estimated 6 million people are at risk. about a dozen tornadoes touched down on monday evening, causing damage to homes in oklahoma and kansas. europeans had to the polls this week seen as a referendum on the merits of unified iraq.
the rise of eurosceptic partie has put pressure on the traditional eu establishment. the model for many of these hungary, where prim ntster viktor or bond has enforce a strictimmigrant policy. reporter: the family have two passions, swimming and their prime minister. viktor orban has one popular support in hungry partially by giving financial helpo large families. reporter: an ardent nationalist, orbangr has waged war on ts.
ever since the refugee crisis of 2015, they have been the enemy here. giant eu election beolboards telle to support the prime minister's plan to end immigration. they are absolutely everywhere. voters are bei bombarded with his message to stop migration. this is a country where last than 700e were fewer migrants. reporter: in this border town, the mayor is one of orban's most vocal critics. reporter: this is state tv? reporter: most of hungary's media has something to the government, and migrant stories are constantly in the news.
reporter: what do you hear on he news on what ispening in europe? er repo we head to an election event held by orban's party. reporter: why is your eu election campaign focused on migration when migrants have virtually stopped coming to hungary in recent years? >> it is not a question whether in this timeframe they a coming or not. this is mobilizing our efforts. that is the reason.
reporter: as nationalist parties across europe seek to capitalize see hungarymany as their inspiration. laura: in yemen, millions could have even less aid after the world food program saiay suspend deliveries to areas held by houthi rebels. the organization said the work is being hampereby obstructive houthi leaders. the u.n. has described yemen as the world's worst humanitarian crisis. earlier i spoke to the executive director, david beasley. thanks for being with us, david beasley. your greatest challenge in yemen
comes not from the guns, but from the obstructive leadership of suthi leaders. what are they doing when you try to deliver aid? adavid: you can imagine y in a country and even a normal day is tough and you are trying to feed 10 million to 12 million people. that is difficult enough. compound that with not getting access because of certain postical elements, and in t situation we are talking about the houthis. let me be clear, there are good houthis and bad houthis. we thoughte were on the road to progress. we thought we would make a breakthrough to get the access we needed, the equipment we needed, personnel we needed, the vecles we needed, the biometrics to reregistration, the indepe operation that we need so we can move forward because we knew that there was food being diverted, food aid being stolen in certain areas. laura: right, but the situation
aiis bad enough with food being diverted. you are considering suspendingf the deliveryd. wouldn't that hurt the people you are trying to help? david: let me tell you, that is one of the hardest decisions you can imagine. right now people are dying because food aid is being diverted. children are dying 'ause we don'have access to the areas we need. we believe that if the houthis will give us the systems -- we operate all over the world. we are not asking them to do anything that we don't ask anywhere in the world. just give us the access so we can do what we do best, keep people alive and ensure that the moneys and the food and the assistance goes into the hands and the mouths of innocent victims of war and conflict. laura: this conict has been going on since 2015. just how dire is the situation? david: it is about as bad as it gets. this is unquestionably the worst humanitarian disaster on earth today.
literally half the people, out of 30 million people, 12 million are on the brink of starvation as we speak. if we are not there, peomae will diively. we are keeping people alive. we have the funds, we have the expertise to make sure that no a single person in this country dies from lack of food. and so not to have access we need, it is just heartbreaking. it isike, goodness gracious, give us the access. all we want to do is feed innocent people. there are those who wause food as a weapon of war and recruitment and use it politically. we know people who should be getting it are not getting it. we know people who should not be getting it are getting it. why? all want to do is do what i right. laura: david beasley, thank you for joining us. david: thank you. watching "bbc
world news america." still to come on tonight's program, he was the fastes on two wheels and a trailblazer for his time. we hear the story of african american cyclist major taylor. scientists believeh he rate at whe is melting in greenland and antarctica is accelerating. a new study ojects that the cret was to double the level of previous estimates by 2100. it could lead to the displacement of hundreds of thmillions of people aroun globe. the authors say there is time to void such scenarios, as caroline rigby reports. caroline: global warming is causing ice sheets in antarctica and greenland to melt, but some scientists believe climate models have underestimated the likely level of milking this century. now a new study drawing on
evidence has warned that the situation could be far worse th generally accepted. 2013, the u.n.'sta intergovernmenpanel on climate change predicted that by the end of the century, global sea levels would rise by about a meter. researchernow suggest seas could rise by twice that amount. that is if unchecked carbon emissions caused the world to warm by five degrees celsius rather than the two-degree scenario with the paris agreement. the consequences of this on coastal communiesnd ecosystems would be catastrophic. countries are set to meet a hardest hit. ll1.8 min square kilometers of land could be lost. up to 187 million people displaced. the nile delt would be particularly badly affected. major global cities including london, new york, and shanghai
would come under threat. the authors this report say the likelihood of this level of global warming and associad sea level rise are just 5% -- in essence, a worst-case enario. but with such profound potent fl consequenc humanity, they are urging politicians to reduce rbon emissions urgently. caroline rigby, bbc news. laura: long before jackie robinson was taking down racial barriers in baseball, other african-american athlete took on a white-dominated sport and came out on top. major taylor was the fastestt cycl the 1890's, during america's gilded age when segregation was rife. his remarkable life is the subject of a new book, "the world's fastest man," by
journalist mhael kranish. he joined me earlier. major taylor was as you put it in the subtitle the world's first black sports hero. why has his story been obscured until now? michael: cycling is dat the sport that it was then. the bicycleasing. it was a white-dominated sport, and major taylor came along and i want to compete against the best white riders. that is what he did. how h you detaild was for them to do that. the racism seemed almost insurmountable, didn't it? michael: it did. he was banned from many races. he had some white supporters. but there was incredible racism at the time. when he raced in madison square garden, it was a month aftur the supreme ruled in a case called plessy versus ferguson said that separate but equal accommodations were fair. but they were not fair to blacks, of course. major taylor wanted to compete
against the great sprinters in madison square garden. he won the preliminary race and then completed the six-day race. he survived all six days. laura: youin reveahe book how major taylor had a white mentor. how did they take on the sport cycling? >> he had been the world's 's era, man, and in today because israel skim along, and he was making bikes and he wanted him in indiana -- he wanted to make him a champion. major taylor will be the fastest bike rider in the world. incredibly, enat is what ha. laura: it wasn't just the fastest man in america, major taylor. he took on the world. michael: he came to paris, he lost the first race and then won the second base so there was no estion. he up in the champion in america, he won the worl championship. he became an international sensation. at the time one of the
best-known athletes in the world. laura: but it came at a great personal cost.so of the letters you write about in the book show how he was frightened for his life when he raced. michae in america there were many threats against him. e white riders said they thought he was taking away their earnings. here and more than $10,000 a year, a vast amount of money in the 1890's. they made death threats against him, they choked him at one point. they wanted to keep him from comping. he eventually did a lot of his races in the first decadof the in europe, and then he went to 1900s australia for two seasons. he got more of a welcome there. there was one who came from france to america and said there was only one from america we want to compete with the best, and that is major taylor. thank michael kranishou , for telling his story. jamie oliver's recipes are
popular, and his boyish enthusiasm made him a tv star. but in the u.k. come his restaurants are strugglin reporter: from the cheeky chef on the block -- jamie: look at that. reporter: to campaigner, tv star, and books, jamie oliver has built an empire as britain's most scessful chef, and he has opened dozens of restaurants, too. nothing was being served up today, though. his restaurant business collapsed. 22 outlets closed with immediate effect. arou 1000 jobs lost. in a statement, jamie oliver id, "i'm devastated that our much loved u.k. restaurants have gone into administration. i am deeply saddened by this outcome and would like to thank all of the people who put their hearts and souls into this ?usiness over the years." so what went wro >> he just got a bit too -- >> chainy. >> whereas there are so many
cracking little restaurants. news is that ay' -- is not a total surprise. the chain almost went bust up a couple yrs ago. jamie oliver put in 13 million pounds of his own money to save it. 12 outlets closed last year in a restructuring plan. itbus clear that the turnaround has worked. it has been tough for lots of other casual dining chains, o. just some of the brands who have hadet to close ou counting the cost of overexpansion. >> midmarket restaurants areue being ed at both ends, and they are finding it hard to make money at this time. if they are not offering exactly what consumers want, they cannoe make money beche cost of wages and business and running promotions to get people through the door are too much. reporter: his other businesses may thriving, but it seems that jamie oliver's restaurants were not able to keep up with changing tastes in what has
become an increasingly crowded market. jamiea.ndf an er for you can find all of the day's i am laura trevelyan. thank you for watching. >> with the bbc news app, oural vertic videos are designed to work around your lifestyle, so you can swipe your way through the news of the day and stay -to-date with the latest headlines you can trust.ad downloow from selected app stores. >> funding of this presentation on made possible by the freeman founda vland judy and peter blum- foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. >> what are you doing? >> possibilities your day is filled with them. >> tv, play "downton abbey."
captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening. i'm judy woodruff. on the newshour hinight: former house counsel don mcgahn skips his hearing before the u.s. house judiciary committee, as some congressional democrats ratchet up calls to begin impeachment proceedings against president trump. then, trouble in the persian gulf. the leaders of the u.s. senate foren relations committee, on the latest tensions with iran. plus, two worlds, one state. a collegprogram in illinois seeks to bridge the divide between urban and rural students. >> we make this assumpti that anyone on the left believes a kind of rigid phil anyone on the right believes a rigid philosophy that's never changing. and one of the things that this