tv BBC World News America PBS May 28, 2019 2:30pm-3:01pm PDT
[applause] >> and now, "b world news." laura: this is "bbc world news america." reporting from washington, i ama a trevelyan. reunited. after years apart islamic state separated yazidi families and sold them into slavery. nongthese victims are reclai their lives. could drug companila be partly to for the opioid crisis? the state of oklahoma takes johnson & johnn to court and the verdict will be watched nationwide. plus, it was a trialhat had everything, including america's 26th president. a century ago, teddy roosevelt took the stand in a httle to saveis legacy.
laura: welcome to our viewers on public television here in tamerica and arou globe. with the fall of islamic state in syria, hundreds of prisoners have been freed.id many are y, a religious minority who were captured and enslaved when i.s. swept through their homeland in northern iraq. the who survive are trying to rebuild their lives. tonight start our program over stionl story and the g scars that i.s. left. quentin sommervie sent this report from northern iraq. quentin: five years without play, five years of cruelty, five years a slave. this 11-year-old is now free roup'she islamic state torment.
"they would buy us children and make us servants. they would buy women of any age wives they treated their children nicely like aut piece of gold,icked us out at night. i don't know why they would buy us if they didn't want to look after us." i.s. brought ruin toown of sinjar in iraq. not far from here, they murder the men, and they took the women and children, sold into a le of servitude. most thought they would never e sinjar again. many did not. it was genocide, said the united nations. r his last years in syri forced to convert to islam, he was alone with monsters. his father had escaped, but his mother, sisters, and brothers were sold to i.s. this family was traded half an dozetimes.
four years ago the mother's freedom was bought. it was a bittersweet moment. he and his sister were still trapped in syria with i.s. granted asylumn germany, she had no peace while her children were missing. "our kids were crying. each hour i.s. would come and take the young women and children from their mothers. we were forced to live in disgrace and humiliation. they treated us like sheep. they told me 'a man has bought you.' i said i would rather be killed than go with that man." year, h sister, a nine-year-old, was found safely in iraq, she tries tobo forgetut the last five years of work, cruelty, and forced prayer.
she speaks rarely now.al but this iin the past. now they wait at the airport in iraq. their mum is flying in from germany. so much has stood in the way. of this embrace. quentin: under the same roof for the first time in years, the family can finally sleep without fear. we all know the islamic state group's crimes on theel battle but this is where it is really felt. they tried to destroy thisri family, they to wipe out te entire yazidi people. but they didn'y failed.
islamic state group is on the run now, but the pain and the suffering they caused has been amplified tens of thousands of famies here in iraq and syria, too. that is going to take generaons to recover from. but countless other yazidi families wl never be reunited. the yazidis were a people that their country and the west failed to protect. despite this, the family dured. that in itself is another victory against the islamic state group. viquentin somme, bbc news, northern iraq. laura: the family together at last after so much misery. in oklahoma today at trial began which could have widensread implicator whether drug companies will be held responsible for the opioid crisis. the state argues that deceptive marketing downplayed the ri of addiction, but the company said it did nothing wrong.
it is one of nearly 2000 cases of its kind, so the outcome will be watched closely. for more i spoke with regina labelle director of the addiction and public policy initiative at georgetown law. is is the first major test of whether states can hold the drug companies accountable for the opioid crisis.in houential could the outcome be? regina: thanks for having me to talk about this important issue. this will send a message. the rest of the cases won't come about until october. there are settlement discussions. the results of this one -- the case is intend to take the rest of the summer. it could have implations or set a bar for the rest of either settlements or judgments that come about. but it is a very fact-specific case in oklahoma. laura: could wpossibly find out whether the drug companies really knew how adctive these opioids were going to be? regina: that is what the will bring up, and part of why
it will take so long, that therr many documents they discovered during the process of discovery, and they will be able to bring that up in court to sac -- te in oklahoma is notue against puharma, which was the first drug on the market. laura: what does this case mean for those many families who either lost people through overdoses or had relatives become addicted to opioids? regina: i think that there is about 30in a recent poll of americans who say they have known someone or knew of someone who suffered a drug overdose or had an opid addiction. it means a lot to people that their story will be told in court, and that they at the end of the day will have an opportunity to see some justice. it is important for them. laura: drug companies are saying
it was doctors who prescribed these drugs, not them. is that going defense?uch of a regina: there will be many defenses they raise and that will be one, as well as t currently toda majority of n,e deaths are involving illicit fentanyl and herot prescription opioids. they could say it is somewhat attenuated and they are not responsible for things that happened0 or 20 years ago, and that they have done a lot in the meantime to crease opioid prescribing. laura: you have looked at this a lot. is there a way to stop something like this happening again? regina: one way to have it not happen again is to find out what happened. that is why this trial is so important. there are many documents that will come out. exactly what happened? what were the marketing techniques? that is all the cases that could come out in a number of others. ca and then the other thing we havi to do incountry is to identify a treatment system,
prevention, treatment, and recovery system so we really truly treat addiction as the disease it is. laura: regina labelle, thank you for joining us. regina: thank uru very much. in japan, a man armed with two knives has attacked a group of schoolgirls as they waited for a bus. one of the girls and the parent of another child were killed. it happened in the city, psyche," -the city kawasaki close to tokyo. n the abbed himself and died in hospital. rupert wingfield-hayes reports. this quiets morning street was turned into a scene from a horror movie. s schoolgiiting for the morning bus/and stabbed by a knife wielding man shouting "i'm going to kill you." man saw it happen. "i heard some kids lying on the ground," he says. "it was a man with two sashimi
knife, one in each hand. then he cut himself and collapsed." "i saw a boy lying on the ground slashed in the face." this afternoon people begaer leaving flowand little gifts at the site, sign of respect for the the two who were killed, one a little girl, the other a parent. this is the street corner where the girls were lining up to get on the bus when they were attacked by this man wielding two knives. you can see the bloodstains on the street. and attack like this wo profoundly shocking anywhere in the world, but all the more in japan because this is such a safe society. jan is so safly it is extern common to see children as young as six years old walking to school every day by themselves. calledinister shinzo abe the mood of the country tonight when he spoke of his anger at what had happened.
strongin. abe: i feel anger that young children have suffered. i would like to offer my deepest sympathy. we must have safety for our children. rupert: police began searching the house where the suspected attacker lived. neighbors said he was a quiet man who kept to himself. having taken his own life, there no no one left to explain why he carried out such an apparently senseless attack. rupert wingfield-hayes, bbc asaki, psyche cy -- kaw city, japan. laura: in other news, an elderly man has died after a tornado picked up a vehicle and smashed it into his house in ohio. millions are without power after severe storms and tornadoes hit the region. the damage is so severe in ohio that snow plow trucks were used to clear away debris. jared kushner, the president's son-in-law andenior white house adviser, is leading a u.s. delegation to the middle east
this week, drumming up support for his israeli-palestinian peace plan. among the stops will be jordan and jerusalem, and the first part of the plan will be unveiled in hrain next month. for more i spoke with our state departmentar correspondentra plett-usher. jared kushner gets to jerusalem just as benjamin netanyahu, a key trump ally, is trying to form a coalition.a is thaincidence? barbara: i don't -- i think iten is a coinc, yes. the question is will the visit tip the scales in favor of mr. netanyahu. i think mr. kushner is focused on his peace plan because he wants to unveil the phase next month. talk of a peace plan might complicate things for mr. netanyahu because his supporters arhardline on palestinian issues. i will t eyebrows, laura, was mr. trump's intervention. he tweeted quite blatant intervention saying he wanted
mr. netanyahu's coalition to eesu that their alliance was good for the country. there is no question what he thought. laura: on the israeli-palestinian peace plan, jared kushner wants to unveil the economic aspect in bahin next month. but no talk of land or sovereignty yet. how is that going down with thee inians? barbara: very badly. the whole process has gone downy very bith the palestinians because actions taken by the trump administration have soel favored ispositions. in terms of the peace plan, we don't know what is in it. mr. kushner says the palestinians will be pleasantly surprised, but he has this fos on the economic side of it. you wants to raisearillions of dofor palestinian economic development and leave the political stuff for later. palestinians say thahe is trying to buy our support while denying us what we really want, a palestinian independent state, because there are dications that the plan will not call for a two-state solution. laura: many u.s. presidents have tried to get a lasting solution to the israeli-palestinian questi.
are there any indications this will previous ones?n the barbara: mr. kushner and his team say they know the history of failure, and what they are trying to do is get the mostma prc way to get some progress despite the intractable conflict.nd but at the ef the day the israelis and palestinians will have to find it acceptable t work. the israelis are not going to reject the peace plan. they will be careful not to. but the reality is that whatever coalition iformed is going to be very hard-line, and mr. netanyahu has talked about annexing parts of the west bank, not ceding them to the palestinians. the palestinians, will they change their approac unlikely if their demands on borders and refugees and jerusalem are not met. at the moment, indications are they probably won't be, but we will see. laura: barbara plett-usher, thank you for joining us. you are watching "bbc world news america." still to come on tonight's program, democracy activists are worried about freedoms in myanmar. we are inside the country to instigate.
malaysia has ordered thousands of tons of plastic waste back to countries ofun origin. the y says he does not want to be a dumping ground for waste from wealthy nations. it has received more trash since china bandit from being imr.rted last yea here is jonathan head. jonathan: importing waste from u.s., europe, and japan, has been profitable in asia. looser regulations and a workforce willing to tackle the hazardous job of processing it kes malaysia a cheaper place to send it. that is coming to an end. responding to growing public complaints, reporters were taken to the country 's main port and shown nine containers with mixed plast electronic waste. she ordered them sent back to their countries of origin.
methe philippines govern has also demanded that canada take ngck 69 containers of rubbish which had been runn filipino ports for several years. thailand says it will ban all imports of plastic and e-waste within the next two years. pressure is neilding on ina to follow suit. all these countries have experienced a dramatic increase in waste imports since china banned them last year. much of the waste is wrongly labeled, and poor law enforcement needs it is often dispose of unsafely. some of that plastic waste my be because of the poor control of waste ending up in this part of the world. it is a massive problem, because of developed countries -not just europe, it is america, japan as well -- cannot send their waste he, they will have figure out what to do with it back home from where it e more expensd people are more resistant to have it happened, and frankly, what the message is ll have to be an entire transformation of consumer
packaging and behavior if we're cut down on amounts of waste that now nobody in the world wants to take. laura: the release of two reuterjournalists in myanmar this month has been widely welcomed. the democracrncampaign has of increasing attacks on freedom of speech. one group claims 50 journalists n charged by aung san suu kyi's government since 2016. others have been arrested for taking part in peaceful prests and even artistic performances. our myanmar correspondent hasbe investigating. reporter: this is a comedy actav that could hlanded you in prison during the humorless military dictatorship. a satirical sketch burmese style, oft at the expense of the powers that be. but those who hoped in 2019 that the army would see the funny
side were mistaken when the still powerful generals watch this show streamed live on facebook, they had the performers aested for painting the armed forces in a bad light. this morning she is going to court, accompanied by her mother and ster. they have no idea if she will be coming home tonight. >> this kind of situation is really bad. we didn't make violence. j t want to speak. we just perform in front of the people. it really shows what are people's feelings in their mind. rthis is our freedom of s reporter: but do yret it now that you have been charged? >> no, not at all. reporter: the case held up as myanmar's most high-profile
attack on frdom of speech has been that of the reuters journalists jailed as they exposed the massacre of rohingya muslims by b turmese military. they may now be free, but others are hauled before the urts. thincluding person who, alongside six friends, just charged with defaming the military. this became a regular sighte during fivcades of military dictatorship. now under a civilian government, tsere are growing numbers of journalists, activartists being prosecuted. democracy activists are trying to sound the alarm. >> this case is broughhe army. so, too, are the other cases. the civilian government cannot stop that. they don't do anything to try to stop them. freedom of speech is getting worse. reporter: the government of nobel peace prize winner aung san suu kyi has sisted it will deliver legal reform, but has so far failed to do so.
and a they, out of government but still in control, is try ag to jail mo more citizens. the filmmaker who called for the generals to get out of politics . the farmer who told ms. suu kyi at a public meeting that the military grabbed his land. the newspaper editor who published reports of the latesth fighting in western state of rakhine. back at this courthouse, she is taken to prison to await trial. her mum will not see her tonight. "is she really a criminal?" she asks. ow can they treat her li this? they didn't even give me a chance to hold her." the traditional burmese performersho face four years behind bars for expressing how this country fee. myanmar's leaders of tomorrow, the prisoners of today. laura: president trump may have given written answers to the
mueller inquiry, but over 100 years ago, teddy roosevelt took was in court to defend himself. a libel case was brought against the former president by a new york state politico. the trial became a sensation and media circus. now the events surrounding this e storic event are the basis of a new book, "theodosevelt for the defense." dan abrams is one of the frauthors, and he joined m new york. dan, a beloved former president, teddy ro why was america gripped by this trial? dan: first of l, the former president was on the witness stand for eight days. that ahard to believ president as iconic as theodore roosevelt was a defendant in a major case and testified for 8 days. his distant cousin franklin roosevelt testified in his behalf. it was an amazing trial, and while it was a libel case -- e accused a republican
crty boss of being corrupt -- it feels more likeminal case, meaning it moves, there is excitement, there are twists and turns throughout the trial. what really got us hoo this was as we finally got the transcript in our hands -- it waha't easy, but once wit, as we wenthrough it, it was to some degree a page turner. that is what we try to bring to life with this book. laura: what was at stake for teddy roosevelt and his reputation? dan: part of the plaintiff's argument was that roosevelt was just as corrupt as theerson he was accusing of being corrupt. for roosevelt, that was the ultimate insult. he took his honesty, his integrity incredibly seriously. for someone to allege that he was corrupt was sort of thefo ultimate insulroosevelt, in particular because he was eyeing the possibility of a presidential run down the road, maybe in 1920.
and so he wanted to not just defend himself in this case, but i think he effecvely wanted to become the plaintiff to prove that his stement was true, that he is notng like them, and to defend his legacy. laura: what were the ict forences of the ve the former president? dan: i try not to give away the verdict completely, but i will say that whichever way this came out will be enormously important, meaning the plaintiff in this case also had majorca poliaspirations. after the six-week trial, headlines throughout the united states, throughout the case, that whoever won or lost, particularly whoever lost, was going to pay a price. there was a lot of fioter-pointing, there was a of allegations that went on in this case. the loser wadefinitely going pay a price. while you can probably guess
what the outcome was, i can tell you that the verdict when it comes down isn't actually the verdict, meaning they come back and say we have a verdict, and it turns out at the end they have to be sent back because ere were problems. that is the kind of case this was with theodore roosevelt and -- as the defendant. laura: more than 100 years later, what still resonates about the case? dan: some of the se issues that came up in the trial are cssues today. corruption in polimoney in politics, the impact of money in politics, relationships between poletical leaders and the pe who donate to their campaigns. those were the critical questions that came up in this case, and lo and behold, they are criticaluestions that are still asked today. laura: dan abrams, thank you so much for joining us. dan: thank you for having me. laura: remember, you can find ch more on all the day's news
at our website. if you want to follow us on revelyan, iam @laurat would love to hear from you. thank you so much for watching "bbc world news america." th >> with bbc news app, our vertical videos are designed to work around your lifes, so you can swipe your way through e news of the day and st up-to-date with the latest headlines you can trust. wnload now from selected stores. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, and judy and peter blum-kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neected needs. >> what are you doing?os sibilities. your day is filled with them. >> tv, play "downton abbey." >> and pbs helps everyonehe discover ts.
captioning spo by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening. i'm judy woodruff. on the newshour toniilt: radical reng. as devastating floods and tornadoes tear athe midwest, we explore the possibility ofelocating entire wns after natural disaster. then, analysis of the u.s. supreme court's latest rulings on abortion laws. plus, research indicates that students of color do best when they see teachers who look like themselves. now, a college program seeks to bring more teachers of color into the u.s. public school system. >> having a teacher of color actually can move student achiement. it actually can help keep kids in school, and persist to college.