tv BBC World News America PBS June 6, 2019 2:30pm-3:01pm PDT
woman: this is "bbc world news america." is made possible by... the freeman foundation; by judy and peter blum-kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs; and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. laura: this is "bbc world news america." reporting from washington, i am laura trevelyan.
♪ng laura: marhe moment of invasion. tributes are paid as world leaders and veterans remember 75 years since d-day. the event may be global in scale, but it was the individual veterans who were front and center. an>> when my life is ovei reach the other side, i will meet my friends from normandy and shake their hands with pride. laura: plus, progress made but no deal yet. e s. and mexican officials talk immigration and tr tariffs are set to kick in on monday. laura: welcome to our viewers on pbs here in america and around
the globe. 75 years afterllied troops stormed the beaches of normandyo hundreveterans have returned for the anniversary t f one most mama june was -- one of the most momentuous operations in military history. iae invasion of american, british, and canforces helped to liberate europe from nazi germany. leaders attended events in northern france to honor those s o fought there. lucy williamson e story of d-day 75 years on. ♪cy the sounds that made europe's history are buried on these beaches. abe the beach where gunfire rang out 75 years ago, a pipernt marks the mooldier set foot in occupied france. the din of battle echoing forth some benhe silence of the crowd. >> i survived, but they blew the face off my mate.
lay just by the side of me. three guys, one grenade. >> can't describe it.ng lowehe ramp onto bodies, gis. .ou did not know whether they were alive or de it can give you nightmares. lucy: along the coast, theresa may and emmanuel macron saw the foundation stone laid for a new memorial in honor of the 22,000 british-led troops who died in the normandy campaign. the faces around them a reminder that wars between nations, between ideologies, are far by -- fought by individuals, that this war was fought by these men. prime min. may: if one day can't be said to have determined the fate of generations to come, in france, in britain, in europe, and the world, that day was the
sixth of june 1944. lucy: a d-day veteran who had campaigned for the monument in honor of his fallen comrades rose to remember them. r, none of them wanted to be part of another ut when the test came, when freedom d to be fought for or abandon, they fought. they were soldiers of democracy. they were the men of d-day. and to them we owe our freedom. lucy: at the cathedral, those who never returned from the normandy beaches were honored by veterans and leaders from the commonwealth in a service of remembrance. the prince of wales paying idtribute alonthe men who had fought under his grandfather. the bittersweet words of the
epitaph read on behalf of the fallen in the rst frenchtown d fr the allies, "for yourto rrow, we gave our today." >> when my life is over and i reach the other side, i will meet my friends from normandy and shake their hands with pride. lucy: at the u.s. cemetery, america's modern-day president gave his thanks to the servicemen of the past. pres. trump: you are the pride of our nation. you are the glory of our republic. and we thank you from the bottom of our heart [applause] ercy: the experience of aman soldiers on omaha beach among the most brutal of the alliedgn camptched onto the faces in front of him. pres. macron: we know what we
owe to you veterans, our freedom. on behalf of my nation, i just want to say thank you. [applause] lucy: british veterans gathered on the beaches they once took, as europe remembers those who will never grow old as they need to cherish those who grow older each year, those for whom remerance is memory and for whom a nation's heroes were friends, for whom a minute's silence holds within it the noise of war. as the sounds of remembrance drifted back across the channe there is a since there may not be many more moments like toy. when europe pays tribute to the heroes who were here with us as well as those e not. lucy williamson, bbc news, normandy.
laura: for more on the day's events i spoke earlier with the bbc's matthew price, who is in normandy.en how are the of d-day being remembered where you are? matthew: laura, i think quque rightly ane appropriately, so much of the commemoration today has focused on service personnel and the deaths of the ldiers who landed on the beaches and who died on the beaches. but there is anoth story that is told here in france as well alongside that, and that is about the toll on civilians. if i tell you what was happening in the hours after the landings in the building behind me, now the city hall, on the roof of that building that you see there, civilians were up on the roof painting a giant red cross symbol. they were doing that because this is the building td,which in the 0,000 french civilians, residents of this town, came to seek sanctuary in
the hours and days after the d-day landings. they knew th the war was coming to their doorstep. they had been occupied by german forces for several years. and they knew that the fight bloody one here in this town. 10,000 people in all took refuge inside this building. they were during for 43 days of intense battle. if we just move the, amera around take a look over these beautiful gardens inside -- in frt of the city hall. you see a bit of the city behind llu. beautiful city, weorth a visit if you get the chance. but over there is the church, and you can see that on the left-hand side they have not replaced the roof. they have left it as a memorial to some of the damage that was done here. allied forces, it is said, nd destroyed a third of the city, and much of it lay in rubble.
there are astonishing pictures in the archives of the city in the daysnd weeks after d-day. i think the impression, the stories that you hear here are of french civilian suffering during a very lengthy battle to take not just this town but also normandy as a whole. it was a crucial battle in the effort to win world war ii. the allies needed a firm military foothold here. and yet of course it involved going into villages and townsd like this one king over control from the germans. that involved a fight which in the end cost the lives of 20,000 french civilians laura: matthew price rorting there. the focus of the d-day commemorations has been the veterans and the soldiers who dn't come home. general george joulwan has a unique perspective on this. he served as nato supreme alliem
der and he joined me a short time ago. m bers of world war ii -- meries of world war ii fade, how important is it that we remember d-day and what it stands for? gen. joulwan: tnk it is extremely important, and what occurred on the beaches of normandy 75 years ago -- i was there for the 50th anniverry.fo should not botten, it was a united allied effort that -- shared values, brought about unity and peace to a continent that had been under attack by an evil regime that cost thousands if not millions of lives. laura: as you see those veterans now in their 90's lk about wht they endured, what does tell younger generations about the nature of sacrifice? gen. joulwan: well, that is extremely important. freedois not free. freedom needs to be understood,
needs to be fought for, needs to be protected. that is not just freed americans or brits or french. we share a common history and value in the alliance that isat now 29ns. when i was there, 16 nations. we brought int alliance former adversaries. germany came in. i had the russian unit with me in bosnia. they were very helpful. i i think a way to bring iotogether like-minded natns that really want to create a better world for the chiren and grandchildren. laura: those veterans of d-day are now in their 90's. they may not see that many more anniversaries. when we lose their oral history, do we risk forgetting what happened? gen. joulwan: i hope not. i don't think so. i've remember extremely well -- my father served in world war i. my cousin was captured twice by the germans with the u.s. army in europe.
when i looked at what we were able to achieve in bosnia, which i was extremely involved in, and we lost not one soldier to hostile fire, and what is occurring in africa syria and iraq and afghanistan, we have to be vigilant and we need to be ableo have what we call shar values and come together as nations, as a people. i hope the sacrifices by those veterans of world war ii will not be forgotten. laura: you talk about shared values. the institutions of today, nato and the u.n., grew out of therl rubble of war ii. do you worry that those shared values are under attack? gen. joulwan: i was ked that enestion some years ago. i was a second liet and graduated from west point when the berlin wall was being built
and the cold war was upon us. i was a lieutenant general in germany when the i dn curtain can in 1989. we then started to enlarge the alliance with the partnerships for peace. i think the values are enduring, and we have remember that free people, free choice, come together with a shared ideology abouthe future. i think that is what nato is all about. laura: general george joulwan, thank you for joining us. gen. joulwan: thank you. laura: in other news, americanng r&b si r kelly has appeared pleaded not guilty in a chicago court to the latest sexual alassault gations. 11 new charges were announced last week related to the abuor of a min the singer's lawyer says the charges are merely rehashing of old allegations. scientists in the eds. have capthe first images of cool gas orbiting the supermassive black holin the
center of our galaxy. the supermassive black hole is called sagittarius a and sits f26,000 light yearsrom earth, right in the middle of the milky way. the u.s. vice president says he encouraged that mexican authorities are willing to do more to curb illegal immigration. but mike pence sprs it is up to ident trump to decide if that is enough to prevent the u.s. from imposing tariffs on monday. mexico's foreign minist h says progre been made in the talks will but he offered no specifics. earlier i spoke with our state department correspondent barbara plett-usher. what seems to be the state of the talks? terbara: the foreign min seemed to be quite upbeat but he did not offer specifics. what we understand is the mexicans have made a number of proposals. for example, increasing the number of national guards who woulbe in the south of the country stopping migrants coming in from central america or going after more strongly people who organize transport fmi the grants through mexico up to the u.s. border, that kind of
thing, which would reduce the number of migrants. but i think the big question is would it be enough? president trump says he wants to halt completely -- i don't think wyone thinks that is a possibility, but tte house has said what mexico offered so far would not do enough. laura: the president has threatened to slap these tariffs from monday if they don't produce a deal, but ere are republicans in congress who are worried about the ime ct of thriffs on the u.s. economy. barbara: very worried, especially in the senate, very strong opposition. the two countries are so closely intertwined in their economies and the tariffs would be so sweeping. they have said that this hauld rm the economy and their constituents and even president trump's chances of reelection and presumably their own reelection as well. theyave said -- they have threatened to vote to block the tariffs, which they have the power to do if they get enough votes, and they mivot get enough s. but the point is they can'n't or that before monday when the first round of tariffs would go into effect, and president trump has been dismissive of their concerns. laura: the administration says
there is a crisis at the southern border. what is the scale of the crisis? barbara: the numbers were much higher in the late 1990's and early 2000's, and then thwh dropped for e and they have slowly begun to build up, especially in the past year. thing is the type of people who are coming across. before, it was workers and w laborers we hoping to find work in the united states. now it is families with young children who turned themselves in at the border and ask for asylum. quite a few of them, 144,000 in thy, three times as many a time last year. the facilities of the border just cannot cope with that sort of thing. laura: is there a way that questionf asylum could be discussed in these talks and a resolution found potentially? barbara: it is a key part of the discussion, because what the americans want is they wou like mexico to be designated as a safe third country so that if the migrants want to apply foras um in the u.s., they have to do so from mexico. mexicans really don't like this idea because they are afraid
of these people would not end up going tohe u.s., they would end up stuck in mexico and mexicans would have these vast mps of migrants and a humanitarian crisis. there are other versions being discussed which might be more acceptable to the mexicans. i think that is what you need to watch. but it is not at all clear they can reach an agreement. laura: what about the fate bf childrng detained at the border? barbara: that is an issue because they don't have the facilities to deal with the number of children. they don't just ce with thrents, they come unaccompanied as well. say they are reducing some services including things like sport and educatio laura: barbara plett-usher, thanks for joining us. you are watching "bbc world news america." 'till to come, a life behind bars for germany'most notorious postwar killer. the latest on the nurse who killed his own patients.
thafrican union has suspended sudan with immediate effect unl a civilian-led transitional governmente. is in pl it comes after security forces shot dead dozens of protesters in theapital, khartoum. some opposition activists say over 100 people have been killed. orporter: the street behind me leads you to ther protest area outside army headquarters. just a few days been thousands of people walking down the street, going out to demonstrate for a civilian government. but today you can see it is quiet. we can't get much closer, because there are members of the rsfro militia gup as well as government soldiers .arding the ar what we haveearned from eyewitnesses, protesters who were there on monday morning when the area was attacked is that they felt surrounded. at around 5:00 in the morning, they saw members of the security
forcesst surrounding the pro area gunshots came in from different directions. in some cases, there were snipers on the top of buildings. they say there is chaos and people running. some tried to save those who were injured, but they were not able to. worryingly, there are reports that some women were raped on that morning. there has beenco international emnation. >> there are credible reports that in these attacks can absolutely sickening, 1000 peaceful protesters have been killed and bodies have been found in the nile and there are reports of rape of the protesters. i have summoned the sudanese ambassador to insist that hge take the mes to khartoum that on behalf of the u.k. government we call on the violence to stop and we joined the rest of the world in outrage atrehese reports. rter: doctors with
opposition groups say there is a severe shortage of medical staf in hospitals, which have been inundated with injured victims. laura: a german nurse has beene sentenced to l prison for killing 85 of his patients. niels högel gave lethal doses of medication hospitals in germany. he is believed to be th' countrs most prolific serial killer since world war ii. jenny hill reports. jenny: arriving to account for his crimes, although niels högel says he cannot remember how many patients he killed. sentenced today for 85 murders, but investigators believe he probably killed many more. his victims elderly,esnfirm, defens in the wards of two german hospitals.
högel administered drugs in fatal ses and tried to resuscitate a very patients he dftacked. christian's grher was one of them. he told the bbc he wrote to högel in prison to ask him why. >> he just said he lost the contact toeople, to human beings lying there. it was just bodies. he was killing everyone he could get, just playing with them, like someone who is using something mechanical, like a computer. switch a body on and off. odnny: christian was among relatives in court. they want to know why for five years no one stopped högel. >> i promised my family i would not just bring the murderer to justice, but others responsible, too.
jenny: for the german authorities, this case raises painful questions.ac höged alone. but over five years he was able l patient after patient with impunity. investigations are focusing on the hospitals where he worked. it is feared that faced with unusually high mortality rates, senior staff may have chosen to turn a blind eye. some already face criminal charges. as högel begins a life sentence, investigations continue into others who may yet emerge as having facilitated, however unwittingl the murderous ambitions of germany's most prolific postwar serial killer. jenny hill, bbc news, berlin. laura: as we have been hearing, hundreds bn gathering to
commemorate those who served in d-day. our correspondent robert hall accompanied them on the journey back to france. robert: the sound of pipes and drums, the site of old men parading with pride. in 1944, the first a mied liberatoed cautiously between the old houses. the people of bayeuex have never forgotten what that meant. >> humbling. feel humbled that people want to come out and applauded. enjoy, but come here to remember them. robert: how important is it to ? here on this anniversa >> it is nice. we are all getting old. i'm 96. roberrt; ken came ashore with thegi dorset nt. >>e than thng march for
freedom. >> it is overwhelming, found . so welcoming. eait is robert: at the cemetery, eric strange, his head still full of last night's the pressure from portsmouth. as a young officer, he commanded a landing craft under fire from germany defenses. >> there was this green lifted up. -- marine lifted up. his chest was not very good. all one could do was get some him. aid up to robert: along the lines of white stones, eric and his felloweterans were back along the beaches. >> you think god i was lucky.
they are the people that did give their lives. bert: eric rarely talks about his d-dayxperiences, but his voyage has helped them open up, and he found a willing ear. this evening as veterans reached journey's end, the message they carried was simple. >> i was lucky. amere. the heroes are dead. laura: the men whor fought for freedom 75 years ago. i alaura trevelyan. thank you for watching "bbc world news america." announcer: funding for this presentation is made possible b.. the freeman foundation; by judy and peterblum-kovl,
captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening. i'm judy woodruff. on the newshour tonight: d-day at 75. remembering how storming the beaches of normandy turned the tides of the 20th century. >> i'd place it in the top five most important battles of all time. fit, sheer size. second, complexity. third, what were the stakes?es and the stere ridding the world of adolph hitler, and i frankly can't think of a moremi importanion than that. >> woodruff: then, tension over tariffs. with penalties on imports from mexico scheduled to kick in on monday, mexican officome to washington to try to make a deal. us, the candidates and t climate. where e 2020 democratic presidential hopefuls stand on