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tv   PBS News Hour  PBS  June 6, 2019 3:00pm-4:01pm PDT

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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening. i'm judy woodruff. on the newshour tonight: d-day at 75. remembering how storming the beaches of normandy turned the tides of the 20th century. >> i'd place it in the top five most important battles of all time. fit, sheer size. second, complexity. third, what were the stakes?es and the stere ridding the world of adolph hitler, and i frankly can't think of a moremi importanion than that. >> woodruff: then, tension over tariffs. with penalties on imports from mexico scheduled to kick in on monday, mexican officome to washington to try to make a deal. us, the candidates and t climate. where e 2020 democratic presidential hopefuls stand on climate change. sl that and more, on toni
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pbs newshour. >> major funding for the pbs newshour has been provided by: >> babbel. a language program that teaches real-life conversations in a new language, like spanish, french, malian, german, and more. babbel's ten to ute lessons are available as an app, or online. more information on >> kevin. >> kevin! >> kevin? >> advice for life. life well-planned. learn more at >> consumer cellular. home advisor.nd >>y the alfred p. sloan
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foundation. supporting science, technology, and improved economic rformance and financial literacy in the 21st century. >> carnegie corporation of new york. supporting innovations in education, democratic entgement, and the advancem of international peace and security. at >> and with the ongoing support of these institutions: and individuals. >> this program was made possible by the corporation for public broadcasting. and by contributions to your pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. >> woodruff: this has en a day for solemn remembrance,
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the 75th anniversary of d-day. allied troops assaulted nazi- occupied france on june 6, 1944r in history'sst air and sea invasion. today, president trump and other leaders of the wartime allies visited the invasion beaches of normandy to remember the fallen and honor the remaining survivors. we will take a closer look, after the news summary.n a russbile network company is teaming up with china's huawei to develop 5g networks in russia the deal was signed today in rscow, as chinese president xi jinping visitsian president vladimir putin. it came despite u.s. cthat huawei is a security risk. meannile, beijing warned agai that it will retaliate, and it said t u.s. bears the blame. >> ( translated ): the united states exertultimate pressure, continuously escalates trade disputes and sprea the crisis to other fields. the responsibility completely lies on thu.s. side.
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whoever started the trouble should end it. >> woodruff: meanwhile, the u.s. trade deficit with china grew by nearly 30% in april. that, as the two nations are still trying to negotiate a way out of a growing trade war. the pentagon has wrapped up its inquiry into a 2017 ambush that left four u.s. soldiers in niger dead. it endorses earlier findings that mostly junior officers were to blame. the soldiers were hunting an islamic state leader near the village of tongo tongo, when more than a hundred extremists attacked. in germany, a nurse was convicted today of killing 85 patients at two hospitals a court acquitted him in15 ther killings. prosecutors said that niels hoegel deliberately put patients into cardiac arrest, and then, tried to revive them. but, the verdict drew criticism from relatives of the victims.
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slatedr): there are ultimately more than 300 murders, and 80 convictions, orc acts, cod here in court today. that's not sufficient to us, because we know that there is a tragedy behind every single crime, every duftiny. >> woo hoegel is 42, and was sentenced to life in prison today. he is already serving another life sentence frti a prior conv. back in this country, the new york city police commiioner apologized for the stonewall raid in 1969 that galvanized the gay rights movement. on june 28th that year, police raided a gay bar in greenwich village, and patrons fought back. the commissioner said today thao the police a were wrong. r&b singer r. kelly pled not guilty today to 11 new, sex- related felony charges. he was arraigned in chicago, on counts including aggravated criminal sexual assault. they carry much stiffer penalties than the original charges he faced. the number of measles cases in the u.s. this year has now
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topped 1,000. the centers for disease contro and prevention said today that it is the most since 1992, when s ere were more than 2,200. most of this yeavolves children who have not been vaccinated. the federal communications tommission is moving again cracking down on robocalls. commissioners voted today to let phone companies block unwanted calls. spammers make an estimated five billion such calls every month, nearly double the total of just two years ago. opmism that negotiators wi make progress in the u.s.-mexico tariff talks drove stocks higher on wall reet today. the dow jones industrial average jumped 181 pois to close above ,720. the nasdaq rose 40 pnts, and the s&p 500 added 17. and, in japan, the minister of health has dismissed calls to ban current requirements that
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women wear high heels at work. he sd today that such attire is "necessary and appropriate." more than 20,000 womjapan have signed an online petition ban mandates for high heels. the campaign is known as "hashtag koo-too," a play onhe japanese words for "shoe" and "pain." still to come on the newshour: remembering the allied invasion of nmandy, 75 years ago toda what the trump administration is demanding, to stop the looming tariffs on mexican imports. the many demociatic preside candidates, and their many plans to address climate change. plus, much more. >> woodruff: 75 years ago today, through dawn on the normandy coast of northern france, landed tens of thousands of american,is
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br canadian, and other allied troops. and through waves of machine gun fire, chaos,nd terror, the liberation of europe from the clutches of adolf tler began. it was a sparkling morning on this d-day, as president trump and other leaders convened today on the solemn ground of the american cemetery above the bloodiest landing site: omaha beach. they were joined by some survivors of one of story's most important days-- the longest day. our special correspondent malcolm brabant has en in normandy all week for us, and he retns now. >> reporter: with a wavering arm, a veteran of the longest day saluted his commder in chief, as the american and french leaders honored the valor of june 6, 1944. this place, the american cemetery at omaha beach, was described as "freedom's altar" by president trump. warmly embracing the american heroes, president macron pinned
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the legion of honor, france's highest award, on the chests of five u.s. veterans, and affirmed the bond between the two allies. >> we know what we owe to you veterans. our freedom. on behalf of my nation, i just nt to say thank you. >> reporter: there were 60 surviving u.s. veterans on the podi, and president trump expressed his undying gratitude. >> you're ong the greatest americans who wi ever live. you are the pride of our nation. you are the glory of our republic. and we thank you from the bottom of our hearts. >> reporter: trump singled out twmen in particular. russell pickett was wounded in the first wave of the assault on omaha beach. >> russell pickett is the last known survivor of the legendary
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company a. and, today, beeve it or not, he has returned once more to thesshores to be with his comrades. private pickett, you honor us all with your presence. >> reporter: and he had fond words for staff sergeant ray lambert, a medic credited with saving dozens of men on omaha beach despite being wounded.>> e had been on the beach for hours, bleeding and savinghe lives,he finally lost consciousness. he woke up the next day on a cot beside another badly wounded soldier. he looked over brother bill. they made it. they made it. they made it. >> reporter: the veterans and many guests were required to arrive long before the ceremony
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because of the massive security cord, but they were kept waiting by the lateness of french president macron. and, after the event's start time, president trump-- with t hallowed acres of the american cemetery as background-- spoke with right-wing pundit laura graham of fox news. mr. trump used that air time to disparage his adversaries. >> do you care if he testifies? >> he made such a fool outf himself-- what people don't report is the letter he had to do to straighten out his testimony, because his testimony was wrong. but nancy pelosi-- i call her nervous nancy-- ncy pelosi doesn't talk about it. nancy pelosi is a disaster, >> reporter: across the five landing beaches, gun salutes, l bugler'sents... ♪ ♪ ...and fly-overs were the order of the day, 75 years on. strong men struggled to keepio
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their em under control at gold beach, where the british came ashore, and at juno, where the canadians conducted themselves with distinction. at the western edge ha beach, a sector called dog y een, the magnitude of d- put into perspective by rob citino, senior historian at the nation world war ii museum. >> where does d-day fit into the military history of the world? i'd place it in the top five most important btles of all time. first, sheer size. second, complexity. t third, what we stakes? and the stakes were ridding the world of adolf hitler, and i frankly can't think of a more important mission than that. >> reporter: from this point, the challenges american forces faced are obvious. the germans occupied the high ground, and had a clear field of fire. close to german machine gun post 62 is where one of the two men praised by president trump feels most at home, with his memories and his modesty. >> they wanted to put "ray lambert, the medical hero."
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and i told them definitely not, i would not ha just my name on there.ll and i said, ive you a list of my second battalion medics that landed on the first wave, and you can put that on the aque. >> reporter: althomeh hit three lambert treated dozens of g.i.s behind what's known as ray's rock. h after firs, he lostns cociousness in shallow water under heavy fiie, but was cato safety. >> well, this rock, to me, saved many lives that day. as you can see, there was atthing else on the beach we could really get the wounded guys behind. the walking wounded could reach this rd get behind it. and when i saw that the machine gun bullets were coming right off the hill, right at us,
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that's something, if possible, to find someplace where we could get those wounded soldiers behind so we could treat them. r orter: today has very much been a celebration of grand international military alliances. it's been all about patriotism, it's been all about defeating the evil that was represented by the german machine gunners on this hill as they rein fire on american troops just 200 yards away. as ray lambert tried to save h inn, he was guided by a very personal set of ples. >> many times you hear people say, well, i'm willing to die for my country. they're not really saying that. what they're saying is that they're willin their families in a country. o wants to die for any reason, but these guys, i saw them in i was their , and they r re willing to put their lives on the line for thmilies.
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>> reporter: and so the greatest generation took their leave, perhaps never to return to the scene of their victory, where the memory of this pilgrimage will live on with thoseth fopbs newshour, i'm malcolm brabant at ray's rock. >> woodruff: here in wton today, the u.s. and mexico are in a stand-off over immigration and trade. president trump is threatening to impose tariffs if mexico doesn't redu the number of migrants and asylum seekers crossing the border into the u.s. those tariffs could wreak havoc on both economies, and the president's threat could have a major impact on the u.s. relationship with its largest trading partner. here's nick schifrin. >> schifrin: judy, the administration says there is a crisis at the southern border. mexico admits that last month, it detained more than 23,000
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trying to cross the border, more than double the 2018 number. the u.s. says it arrested more than 144,000 people trying to cross illegally, the highest number in 13 white house is blaming mexico, saying it should better police the border.s the two sie talking here, ahead of the president's monday deadline to impose tariffs. we will talk about the possible impact of those tariffs on the u.s. shortly. but first, to discuss immigration and mexico, i'm joined by mexico'sormer ambassador to the u.s., arturo sarukhan. ambassador, thank you very much. >>hank you, nick. schifrin: for being here. the fundamental question the white house is asking, can mexico stop illegal immigration into the united states? >> no. if the idea is we go from what's going on now to zero, that's not goin happen. you can't enforce your way out of migration crises. you have to understand some of the stuctural dynics that have been creating this over the last two, three years. what mexicoe can crtainly do is enhance its operation control of its border with guatemalaput
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more money and resrces in manpower into its immigration agency, and into its refugee agency see that we can better control those flows, make sure that we're preventing those ravans from reaching th border with the united states, provide more visas for asylumd rk visas for those central americans who do decide to stay mexico instead of trg to make their trek to the northern part country. but you're not going to spo this. you know, this idea that, you know, in six days, if you don'to stop this, i'mg to slap-- i'm going to slap 5% tariffs iss a ludic proposition, because, also, what has never been clear is what is improvement mean? what are those goalposts? are you going to continue to move those goalposts? and what's even e oroubling, is the president's decision to contaminate and take the trade agenda hostage to force concessions from mexico on immigration policy. >> schifrin: so those things that you just listed, what mexico should be doing, is mexico doing that right now?
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ng i think it's do some of that. meco deported 75,000 central thamerican migrants just ie first six months of this year. it has-- it is hosting about 8,000 central american migrants that have been sent bck aross the u.s.-mexico border to the mexican side of the border white await their asylum or immigration hearings in the u.s. and that is costing munipalities and states a hefty sum, and it's creating some inevitable social tensions with people in mexico who are saying, you know, whare doing the dirty work of the united states?" i may agree or disagree with that characterization, but people are start fog say ts. >> schifrin: there are certainly some people who are starting to say this. but as you know, the president of mexico is very popar, somewhere between 65 exprs 80% popularity. he holds a press confence every morning. people do listen to him.e couldn't he ma deal with the united states and not take a political hit from his supporters? >> i think it's very hard to do
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that if you're confronted withy diplom ultimatums, and the "my way or the highway" approach to foreign poicy that president trump has followed with mexico. remember, mexico has been an electoral pinata for this president since the 2016 election. it will continue to be an electorapinata on the rad to him seeking re-election in 2020. so the president, yes, he has sufficient wiggle room in terms of his popularity, but a poll that came outis weekend, 24 hours after the president-- president trump announced his decision, showed that favorable perception of the united states has now collapsed to%. so there is a certain limit to p what tesident can do, particularly ifexicans start feeling that he's bending the knee to the president's demands. >> schifrin: to president trump's demands. >> yes. >> schifrin: now,his isn't, of course, only about mexico. it's also about the united
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states and about u.s. consuanrs. the industry that is hardest hit or would be hardest hit by these tariffs would be vehicles, of course. more than a quarter of all vehicles in the u.s. are importedrom mexico, more than a third of all vehicle parts come from mexico. and to dscuss tht, i'm joined my kristin dziezek, vice fopresident at the cente automotive ransearch. you very much for coming on the newshour. describe for us what the impact would be on the auto industry. v well, thank you for ing me. you know, the impact would be huge, whether you're in the market for a new vehicle or you st want to hold on to the vehicle you have and repair and maintain it. we are dependent on parts that come fr mexico, and, by the way, also china. and if we start to seeif tar on mexican parts, imports, cost a vehicle, a newhicle in the u.s. is going to go up, somewher between $1100 and $5400. a vehicle will see a couple of models just disappear from the market, the smaller sedans made in mexico, they won't sell them
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here anymore. and, you know, that limits consumer choice. it will h up to $34 billion hit to g.d.p., and we wouelde almost 400,000 american jobs disappear. rin: as you know, that is not the narrative given out by the white house. the white house say tariffs would help. and let's take a listen to president trump today decribing how these tariffs would help the u.s. economy. >> a lot of people, senators included, they have no idea what they're talking about when this comes to tariffs. they have no-- absolutely no idea. when you have the money, when you have ten product, ou have the thing that everybody wants, you're nay positioto do very well with tariffs. >> schifrin: "you're in apo tion to do very well with tariffs." is that true? >> no. you know, the auto industry is a industry that is very integrated in the u.s., canada, and mexico. the smaller suppliers are really going to get hit hard. their margin margins are thin, y don't havenough space in their
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profitability to eat these tariffs. they're toing to have to tr pass them along to their consumers, and their consumers are biger automthat are not going to want to take on this price increase. so small supplis and, you know, people in the united states who buy small cars and maintain their cars, they are the ones who are going to payth fos. >> schifrin: the white hou says some of these jobs could return to the u.s. is that possible? >> well, some may. and the u.s. auto industry is running well above0%, 85% utilization of our existing footprint. the thing is tese ar tariffs that were put in place with less thn two weeksice. and this is an industry when we build a new assembly plant, that's $1.li6 bil. that doesn't turn on a dime. those take years to put the vestment in pla and to build. so i think mostly automakers e d suppliers ing to sit on their hands, try to make it work, and figure out how toyou, knatch this together in the short term. jot i don't see big movementes of capital anbs to the u.s.
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for a tariff that is, you know, for potentially just a negotiating tactic for a different-- for a different problem. >> schifrin: and arturo sarukhan, i want to end with you. there's an economic threat to the u.s., as we just heas rd. therlso an economic threat to mexico. ultimately, quickly, in the time we ave left, dmees thaan that mexican officials want to make a deel? >> wll, i think mexico has been behaving like the adult in the aelationship. i think mexicots to find ways to de-escalate the tension that president trump has been stoking in the u.s.-mexico relation. the challenge and the danger is that by doing thi if tariffs get slapped on, on june 10, is that thee whels of this strategic relationship that has been building between and the united states over the past 20 years, are going to start falling off. and the question policymakers in washington may be facing in as few yewn the road is who lost mexico? >> schifrin: arturo sarukhan, former ambassador, former mexin ambassador to the u.s.
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krtin dziezek, center for automotive research, thank very much to you bot y >> thau. >> thank you. >> woodruff: stay with us. coming up on the newshour: sitting down with democratic presidential candidate marianne williamson. our continued look at robert mueller's investigation into whether president trump obstructed justice. plus, much more. but first, after a year of devastating floods, wildfires and hurricanes, climate change has been polling as a top issue in the 2020 democratic primaries. er william brangham reports, the candidates have dit plans to address the problem. >> brangham: the 23 democrats who want to challenge donald trump in the next election are a varied group, but th agree
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on one thing: >> climate change is real, it's n-made. >> climate change is real. >>t is us, our emissions. >> climate change is real, and caused by hun activity. >> brangham: this unanimity on climate change, thatt's a serious threat in need of a esrious response, stands in stark contrast to ent trump's position. prior to becoming president, he repeatedlyaid climate change was an expensive hoax, cooked up by the chinese. when asked about the well- documented warming of the l atmosphere, he's said iton start cooling. >> i believe that there's a change in weatr, and i think it changes both ways. don't forget, it used to be called global waing. that wasn't working. then it was called climate change. now, it's actually called extreme weather. >> brangham: as president, he's undone many of his predecessor's moves to cut carbon emissions: he pulled out of the landmark paris climate accords. he rolled back auto emissions
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standards. and, he pushed to increase the use of coal and other fossil fuels. even though all the democrats agree climate change is real, they have some pretty different ideas for how to tackle the sie rallying cry from the left has been the green new deal, a non-binding resolutionth introduced ihouse and innate in february. it calls for a sweoverhaul of how the u.s. generates itenergy, and it sets an aus deadline for u.s. energy tion to be net-zero-- th means no net carbon emissions-- in ten fo there's no estimated price tag on this hugely ambitious idea. of the 11 candidates w are currently in congress, eight co-sponsored the green new deal, and another seven caes-- not in congress-- have said they support some version of it, including former vice president joe biden. >> we have to stop thinking that clean energy and job creion don't go together. they do.
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they do. >> brangham: but the green new deal still doesn't have a lot of specifics. it's up to the candidates to figure out exactly what it means. to the green new deal's supporters, like south bend indiana mayor pete buttigieg it's a good start. >> the green new deal as we've seen it so far is more of a plan than it is a fully-articulated set of policies. >> brangham: not everyone in the democratic field backs it. former maryland congressman john delaney says enacting the green new deal is about as realisticsi as pnt trump saying mexico will pay for a border wall. other candidates vnsce different with the plan.ov >> it waloaded with other priorities. things like the federal jobs guarantee. >> i embrace a green new deal. i just think we have to have public private partnerships if we're going to get t. >> brangha by far, the most detailed plan for tackling climate change comes from washington governor jay inslee. he's made it his signaturesu e. >> defeating climate change has to be the number one priority of
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the united states. >> brangham:nslee wants to invest $3 trillion in creating eight million cleaenergy jobs. he's also calling for all power plants to be carbon utral, all new cars to be electric, and all new buildings to be powereby green energy by 2030. he wants to hit net-zero emissions by 2045. congressman delaney, colorado senator michael bennet and form texas representative be o'rourke have also put deadlines for achieving net-zero emissionr in tlans. >> it gets us to net zero greenhouse gas emissions by 2050, halfway there by 2030. >> brangham: rob stavins is an environmental economist at harvard's kennedy school, who supports the goals of many ofs. these pl but he says it may be harder to meet them than the campaign rhetoric suggests. >> well, things to think about for achieving those kind of ambitious targets for the year 2050 is that, if you're driving
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in your car, you would not bepi st at a gasoline station. eayou would be stopping into plug it into an electrical outlet.ll because essent100% of the u.s. fleet would need to be on electric-powered vehicles of one kind or another. a brangham: some candidat pushing for more nuclear power, which esn't emit carbon emissions, but remains highly controversia in part because of prominent accidents like three mile island d chernobyl. many existing nuclear plants are aging and would likely neetens of billions to retrofit or replace. in a recent "washington post" survey, seven candidates said they wanted to build more nuclear plants, six said they didn't, and four said they want to pha out nuclear totally. >> invest in our green energies; wind, solar, geothermal, hydro power, nuclear. >> so in principle, it's
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the reason that nuclear power has essentially been frozen at the level it has been in the united states is really for financl, for economic reasons. because nuclear power plants are exceptionally capital intensive. they are very costly to build. a >> branghather long- debated idea that some candidates are considering is what's called a carbonwhax, h would put a price on any treenhouse gas emissions t would be paid by the emitter. >> i introduced the only bipartisan carbon tax bill in the congress. puts the price on carbon. all the revenues get collected, gets given back to the american people in the form of a dividend. they result on higher costs to produce carbon intensive goods and services which is essentially everything in the economy. that's going to ripple out downstream in terms higher pres certainly for electricity, higher prices for gasoline and other fuels and >> brangham: but despite the growing, and troubling, scientific consensus on climate change, the issue remains deeply polarizing. one recent poll says it's more divisive than abortion.
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but for the left, it's alyissue to ralround for the pbs newshour, i'm william brangham. >> woodruff: and we contue now our series of conversations with the candidates competing for the democratic party's 20 presidential nomination. joining us this evening is activist and best-selling author marianne williamson. her latest book, "a politics of love," is on book shelves mariilliamson, welcome to the newshour. >> thank you so much for having me. >> woodruff: so why are you the right choice for democrats? i guess first question is won't democrats want someone wiected office experience after president trump? >> what democrats want is someone tough enough to beat donald trum and i think anyone who thinks it's as simple asto someonh enough to beat donald trump is very naive about the nature of the opponent.e there are somele who are going to vote for trump, no
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matter what. but the presidential election, thats not enough to re-elect him. what we have to get to are peoped who might have votor him but are at least disturbed enough to be open, and we nethed ale people who didn't vote to vote, and all those people who voted for jill stein to vote for us. thand the only way to dot is to touch people's hearts. you know the part of the brain that rationally analyzes people are not the same parof the brain that decides who to vote for. donald trump has had a psychological effect on people. he has had an effect in the nman psychopeople that is very dark, and it isot amenable to change by strictly rational argument. i am someone whohad a career moving audiences. i'm someone who has had a career moving crowds and movingme mos. i have a sense of what he has done, and the only way to defeat lies is with some big truths. so the skill he has, the lig side of that is what i can do. >> woodruff: let me move you quickly through some questions. in "a politics of love," you right that is what the country
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needs right now. a politics, you write, that pays ght,ntion to the inner li "and only in transforming our hearts will we be able tor transform our ." what does that mean? >> donald trump won by touthchig inner light. he harnessed fear. he harnessed hate. the only antidote to that, is if iticalrness love for pol purposes. there are far more people of decency and dignitiy ann compassionmerc and justice in this country than there are haters, bigots, antiracists, et cetera. but those people hth conviction. the only way to over-ride that is if those of us who love love with conviction, are as willing to tick a stand for the things that are right as se people have been willing to make a stand for things that are wrong. >> woodruff: so ople who would say what you're talking about is something that belongs in the personal ralm and private realm and not in the realm of politics, what wou you say >> i would say that's a very niewm revelation. the right ring focused on issues
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of morrability, but the left focused on public moritality. trnally, issues of war and peace was seen as a moral another issues of unfair taxation, unfair economics. that's a moral issue. aere are public issues t have just as much moral significance as private issues do. and been to the detriment of the democratic party that the democrats have seemed to have forgotten that in the last few decades. >> woodruff: just quickly, "the washington post" in writing abouayour decision to run, it wasn't really a decision, after they talked to you. they said it was more like an epiphany, you were sitting on your bed, when a feeling washedy ovu. what does that mean? >> it means somebody was trying to be snarky andinimalize and take me out of context. >> woodruff: l's move on to some issues, climate change. you saw at least part of our report on the different candidates. many of the candidates running do support the grew deal. >> i do. >> woodruff: you said you support it. but there are people out there, including democrats, that are skeptical that the country can ford it right now, that it's going to take either higher taxes or it's going to come out
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of current funds somehow. my question is where does this rank in all the things you'd like to do? you have a pretty ambitious list ot there, including health care, and i could down the list. where is climate change in your list of priorities? >>rt's the geatest moral challenge of our generation. i'd rather pay with money now th pay with our inability to breathe 25 years from now, 50 years from now. i'd rather pay wi my pocket book now, than pay with my grandcldren's asthma 25 years from now. so this is nothing we can afford. some things, if you hear your house is on fire, you don't get to say, "i don't know if we can afford the damage." house ison fire. that is what is going on here. there is an urgency and emergency to the issue of climate crisis that i think the american people will understand with theaight lership to guide them. >> woodruff: so many issues to ask you about. you say you are 10% prochoice when it comes to abortion. >> absolutely. >> woodruff: does that mean that you believe that government funds should be available to poor women whong are seen abortion? and i'm asking because--
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>> should we rep hl theyde amendment. >> woodruff: as you know, the hyde amendment prohibits s something joe biden says he agrees with. where are you on this? >> i feel we need to repeal th hyde amendment and i disagree with joe biden on this. >> woodruff: so is that disqualifier for him, do you think? >> well, i'm running so, the voter has to decide on whether orot itsqualifies him. >> woodruff: let me ask you about foreign policy. you also write in your boo about what you call the militaristic madness. you say it's gripped ths country since world war ii, and it's become "an american character defect." my question is do you think american military e rces today e right size? should they be decreased? s should the united staways seek too have the strongest military force in the world? >> i have great respect for the military. my father fought inworld war ii. i think every american or any thinking peofrson believe course we have to have a strong military. i see the military like i see a surgeon: if we have to have surgery, we need to have the best surgeon. but, of course, thpee samrson
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tries to avoid surgery, if possible. i want what the military would say that they need to be the strong military that we need. ybody who nks that our military budget is based only on military considerations is fooling themselves. a it is bas least as much on short-term profit max missation for defense contractors. remember, the current head of the defense department was a 30-year executive at boeing. this is not military decisions i havet problem with, wih our military spending. it is political decisions that have nothing to do with u.s. security. >> woodruff: separately, something else you write about, and you speak about this often, the need for a department of peace or peace creation. what does that involve? >> even donald rumsifeld sd we must learn to wage piece. and general mattis sa yid ifou don't fully fund the state department i will have to buy more ammunition. we have a $40 billion state dertment budget. you can't just take medicine. you have to cultivate your health. you can't just endlesslyr repare r and hope you back up into peace. war is the absence of peace.
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peace is not the absence of war. diplomacy, mediation, development. the factors whi when present statistically-- question is aren't there other departments already doing this? >> what we have, within the $40 billion at the state department, only fewer than $1 billion is spent on pace-building agencies and u.s.a.i.d. is $7 billion. and the u.s. institute of peace is $36 million. it's where you spend your money and where you put your ensources. and we do not smoney and put our resources behind the factors that create peace, like expanding education for children and amelioring unnecessary human suffering. >> woodruff: marianne williamson, seeking the democratic nomination for y president, tha. >> thank you very much. >> woodruff: we return to our
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deep dive into the mueller report. earlier this week, we looked at russia's interference in the election, and how mueller determined there was no conspiracy between the tru campaign and russia. tonight, we continue to examine the president's actions, and whether mueller documeobs evidence oruction of justice. lisa desjains and william brangham are again our guides. >> special counsel robert 0eller investigated some different acts by the president for potential obstruction of justice. some of these overlap. >> in each instance, mueller lays out three things: what the president didma, whahave been obstructed by those actions, and what thet' presidintent was. mueller'mueller's conclusions rd from a clear no evidence of obstruction to cases with substantial evidence. those cases, those with the most evidence, center on the president's attempts to fire or limit special counsel mueller >> the report begins this segment with an eye-popping statement. page 77, mueller writes:
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>> mueller recounts a scene in the oval office tha wt dayhere attorney general jeff sessions tells the president that mueller's been appointed and the president says, "oh, my god. this is terrible. this is the end of my presidency. i'm (bleep)." top aide pe hick testifies later that she had only seen the president like that one other time when the "access hollywood" tape came out during the campaign. >>e next day, the president was asked about the special counsel appointment. >> well, i respect the move, but the entire thing has been a witch hunt, and ere is no collusion between certainly lyself and my campaign. but i can aways speak for myself and the russians-- zero. >> but privately, the report says, the president undermined the special counsel's credibility. page 80.
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but the report say top aide stephen bannon and other key staff disagreed telling the president, "they were not true conflicts," and even "ridiculous." >> according to thpe reort, what happens next is critical. june 14, "the washington post" reveals that the president isti under invtion for obstruction of justice. according to mueller, three days later, president trump tells white house counsel don mcgahn to call acting attorneyeneral rod rosenstein to say mueller has conflicts and can't serve anymore. the president says, "mueller has to go." mcgahn does noy.t com >> now, this is all based onmo mcgahn's tes. mueller points out the president publicly disputes much of it. but in the ender, mueinds mcgahn highly credible, reporting that he reacted strongly to the president's words. mueller writes:
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>> another serious charge about the president is tat heied to block mueller from investigating him or his campaign. on june 19, 207, president trump asked his former campaign manager, cory lou an dowsky, to take a note to attorney general i ff sessions directing sessions to say publicly, going to meet with the special counsel and let the special counsel movn forward withvestigating election meddling for future ections." meaning, robert mueller would not investigate what happened in the 201election. >> lewandowski never passed on at message. these acts taken together prompted some of mueller's strongest language in the report. on page 89, he writes, "substantial evidence indicates the attempts to remove the ecial counsel were lid to investigations of the president's conduct." page 97: "substantial evidence indicates that the predent's effort to limit the special counsel's investigation waso
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intended prevent further scrutiny of the president's and his campaign's conduct." >> now, we realize this is a lot, but with regards to other actions by the president,bert mueller found much less, and sometimes no evidence of obstruction. take attorney general jeff sessions. >> therefore, i have recused myself. >> months earlier he had receled hifrom overseeing this russia probe because of his own undisclosed contacts with the russian ambassador. the president repeatedly pressured sessions to unrecuse hielf and retake conol of the investigation. but mueller finds only a reasonable inference, not specificasvidence, that this meant to protect the president. >> next, michael flynn and pal manafort. mueller investigated whether mr. trump floated potential presidential pardons for them in order to influence theiron testor cooperation with the special counsel. mueller writes, "the evidence regarding flynn is inconclusive. but with maa ford, the
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evidence indicates mr. trump wanted manafort to believe a pardon was possible. of the. >>ind fnally, michael cohen. mueller looks at whether the president directed his lawyer to lie o cngress about plans to ild a trump tower in moscow. the report says, "while there is evidence the president knew that cohen has made false statements," mueller also writes, "the evidences not establish that the president directed or aided cohen's false testimony." >> tomorrow night, stick with us. we will look at mueller's final conclusions. dr >> wf: and we'll be back shortly with a preview of a documentary about how youngin people are cwith mental health challenges. stt first, take a moment to hear from your local pbion. it's a chance to offer your support, which helps kee programs like ours on the air.
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>> woodruff: f those stations staying with us: every year, near half a million people d from malaria across the globe. there is new worry that those medications are losing their effectiveness.sp ial correspondent fred de sam lazaro has this encore report from cambodia. >> reporter: few cams have a tougher commute to work than chrab prey. the 27-year-old malaria worker mustade knee-deep across a stream, keeping her treated bed nets dry, before reaching her motorcycle. >> ( translated ): sometimes it's very flooded, and i have to swim across the water. >> reporter: once on her motorbike, she tries to reach an eluse population of migrants she calls mobile workers, deep in the remote forest here in western cambodia. >> ( translated ): sometimes, i
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cannot find the mobile workers, because they are working. and i can't call them because theris no cell service. so that is difficult. >> reporter: often, it is only after the symptoms, erke a severe fr headache, become unbearable, that people themselves come out of the forest to seek help. that's what happened to rat sophat, who is now back at the job she loves as a hairstylist her village. two weeks after being treated for malaa, she still suffers from some effects. >> ( tranated ): after taking the medicine for two weeks, i still have the chills. i'm not really recovered yet. >> reporter: rat was caught up in a surge in malaria that began in mid-2017, a year when infections nearly doubled to some 45,000. she contracted the mosquito- borne illness while working on a logging team deep in the forest. like rat, the vast majority of cases respond to trement. but scientists fear that it's in this remote area along the thai border that they could lose the battle to contain the malaria
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parasite. about a decade ago here in cambodia, scientists began to see cases in which the deadliest form of the malaria parasite had mutated and become resistant to the last available drugs that could fight it. that resistant strain has since spread, with cases in thailand and southern vietnam. it raises the possibility of a resurgence of resistant malaria that scientists fear could spread far beyond southeast ia. >> and if it rches africa, it n kill millions of african children.te >> reporr: it's happened before, says arjen dondorp, who directs a major malaria researc effortighboring thailand. back in the '80s, resistance to the widely used drug chloroquine veloped here in asia and quickly spread to africa, where treatmt is less readily available, resulting in a huge spike in malaria deaths. new drugs have since contained the parasite, which has been mwiped out in much of theong
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region, but there remain hard- to-reach pockets. >> malaria is a disease of marginalized populations, often living iborder areas, very remote, difficult to reach. >> reporter: that's where malaria workers come in. in her village, rat sophat got a follow-up call frosoksam sambath, who confirmed that, even though she still had symptoms, she doesn't have the resistant malaria stream. 61-year-old soksam actually makes his living selling fried banana chips, but 15 years ago, he received training to detect, treat and educate his fellow villagers about malaria. >> ( translated ): my job is to go around the community to help people. i don't have a salary. they pay me for transportation, and on the days when i see people. the pay is small, but i think this job is important, because i can help people. that's why i do it. >> reporter: soksam is part of a
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pilot program in three provincef of cambodided in large part by a program started during the george w. bush administration called the veesident's malaria initia. in this region, the money funds community malaria workers, as a wea rapid detection and reporting program to track and contain outbreaks, especially any cases that do not respond to in the project areas where project manager rida slot says the coordinated approach has shown promising results. >> despite the intensified resistanceo malaria treatment, the country has successfully reduced malaria transmissions. and then we are proud to say that they're moving toward malaa elimination. >> reporter: but it's in the so-called last mile in the forest that the danger of a drug-resistant outbreak is greatest. roads, where they exist, aren't always passable, and people, many engaged in illegal logging, not eager to see anyone th
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seems official. >> the moment they see some of >> reporter: sharon thangadurai leads the u.s. effort in cambodia. >> they don't want to actually get themsees recognized, you know? so these are some of the major chalnges that we face. >> reporter: at the edge of thee fost where migrant workers transit in or out, malaria worker chrab tries to present ae non-thening official presence. she informs people aboutur available resoces, offers bed chts, and also randomly tests about 20 people ea month, looking for those who might not yet show symptoms, but carry low levels of the parasite. despe these efforts, she guesses that she will never come in conta with at least a quarter of the workers in her cea of the forest. nonetheless, malarpaign officials say the approach is bringing down infeions here in the pilot region. and they'd like to see it implemented elsewhere, where malaria cases have been on the rise.
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dr. nicholas white, onhe world's leading experts on malaria, says he'd like to see even more done about a disease that he says is often not a priority. >> almost, if you like, a military approach. it would require considerable coordination between countries, such things as border checks,ve much more acti use of mass drug administration, which is a crude, but effective tool. >> reporter: the geneva-base global fund against aids, tuberculosis and malaria a recentounced grants for government and non-government agencies to contain, even eliminate malaria in the great mekong region. but dr. white says, with daunting geographic and political hurdles, that prospect can sometimes seem as remote as the villagers where malarias. lurk for the pbs newshour, i'm fred de sam lazaro in pailin, cambodia
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>> woodruff: finally tonight, a npreview of a documentary children in crisis, produced by our colleagues at clwaukee pbs, laboration with the "milwaukee journal sentinel." the documenty follows four young people from wisconsin, navigating mental health challenges.d they've endusault, bullying, incarceration, and discrimination-- in some cases, contemplating suicide. through it all, they have survived. >> i wrote a goodbye note when i s seven yes old. i was homeless for about three years of my life, and it was sad. i was being bullied in school as well. >> i heard the whispers behind me. it was hard to walk down the hallways alone. i did it all day, ery day.
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i live with depression, anxiety, and obsessive compulsiv disorder. s a transgender person, i've experienced anxiety because society has tried to make me someone i'm not. always felt like a blue crayon wrapped in red paper. >> stigma killing us >> we're here to tell our stories. >> we're here end te silence around mental health. >>re're here to fight fo you. >> we're hire... >> to tell you... that you're not alone. >> on a 2017 state survey, about 1 in 50 students identify as onansgender, and it is more common amyounger students. >> in 2017, 1,772 children under the age of 18 died by suicide in our country.
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>> i hope that we take different approaches towards kids thatle struith mental illness and depression and take a better look at what they're going through. >> as hard as it feels to think that you're alone in all of this, you're not alone, and there's always somebody elsesa that feels th way as you. and you might not know that person, but i can tell you that you're not alone in any of your mental health struggles. >> woodruff: you can find the milwaukee pbs'ntire documentary and a discussion around children in crisis on their website atlw and if you or anyone you know is in crisis, we encourage you to seek help by calling 1-800-273- talk, or you can text the wordom
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to 741741 on your mobile phone. and on our instagram page, watch 97-year-old u.s. veter tom rice recreate his d-day parachute jump into normandy, 75 years later. you can find that and more by following "newshour" on instagram. and that is the newshour for tonight. i'm judy wdruff. join us online, and again here tomorrow evening. for all of us at the pbs newshour, thank you, and we'll see you on. >> major funding for the pbs newshour has been provided by: >> for projects around the house, home advisor helps finddo local pros the work. you can check ratings, read customer reviews, and book ape intments with pros onlinat home advisor is proud to support pbs newshour. >> babbel. a language program that teaches real-life conversations in a nea uage, like spanish, french,
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italian, german, and more. babbel's ten to 15 minute lessons are available as an app, or online. arre information on >> consumer cell. >> financial services firm raymond james. >> and with the ongoing support of these institutions >> this program was made possible by the corporation car public broing. and by contributions to your pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc captioned by media access group at wgbh
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"amanpour & company." here's what's coming u remembering d-day, 75 years president trump joins the queen and other world leaders for a ceremony in portsmouth england where general eisenhower saw off the allied invasion ever to liberate europe from the nazis. then he electrified the stage. a new documentary tells the incredible story of the russian dancer and cold war


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