tv BBC World News America PBS June 6, 2019 5:30pm-6:01pm PDT
woman: this is "bbc world news america." is made le by... the freeman foundation; y and peter blum-kovler foundation, pursuing solutioec for america's ned needs; and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. ank you. laura: this is "bbc world news america." reporting from washington, i am laura trevelyan. ♪
laura: marking the moment of invasion. tributes are paid as world leaders and veterans remember 75 years since d-day. the event may be global in onale, but it was the individual veterans who were and center. >> when my life is over and i reach the other si, i will meet my friends from normandy and shake their hands with prid laura: plus, progress made but no deal yend u.s.exican officials talk immigration and trade as tariffs are set to kick in on monday. laura: welcome to our viewers on pbs here in america and around the globe.
75 years after allied troops stormed the beaches of normay, hundreds of veterans have return for the anniversary of one of the most mama june was -- one of the most momentuous operations in military history. erthe invasion of an, british, and canadian forces helped to liberate europe from nazi germany. leaders attended events in northern fra who fought there. lucy williamson has the story of d-day 75 years on. ♪ lucy: the sounds that made europe's history areuried on these beaches. above the bch where gunfire rang out 75 years a, a piper marks the moment soldier set foot in occupied france. the din of battle echoing for some beneath the silence of the crowd. >> i survived, but they blew the face off my mate.
lay just by the side of me. three guys, one grenade. an>'t describe it. lowering the ramp onto bodies, gis. you did not kn whether they were alive or dead. it can give you nightmares. allucyg the coast, theresa may and emmanuel macron saw the foundation sne laid for a new memorial in honor of the 22,000 british-led troops who died inam hee normandyign. the faces arounda reminder that wars between nations,eo between idgies, are far by -- fought by individuals, that this war was fought by these men. prime min. may: if one day can't be said to have determined the fate of generations to come, in france, in britainin europe, and the world, that day was the sixtof june 1944.
lucy: a d-day veteran who had campaigned for the monument in honor of his fallen comrades rose to remember them. >> none of them wanted to be part of another war, but when the test came, when freedom had to be fought for or abando ey fought. they were soldiers of democracy. they were the men of day. and to them we owe our freedom. lucy: at the cathedral, thosere who neverned from the normandy beaches were honored by veterans and leaders from the icommonweal a service of remembrance. the prince of wales paying tribute alongside the men who had fought under his grandfatr. the bittersweet words of the
epith read on behalf of the fallen in the first frenchtown freed by the allies, "for your tomorrow, we gave our today." >> when my life is over and i reach the other side, i will meet my friends from normandy and shake their hands with pride. lucy: athe u.s. cemetery, america's modern-day president gave his thanks to the servicemen of the past. pres. trump: you are the pride of our nation. you are the glory of our republic. and we thank you from the bottom of our hearts. [applause] lucy: the experience of american soldiers on omaha beach among the most brutal of the allie campaign etched onto the facesnt in ff him. pres. macron: we know what we
owe to you veterans, our freedom.on ehalf of my nation, i just want to say thank you. [applause] lucy: british veterans gathered on the beaches they once took,er as europe remethose who will never grow old as they need to cherish those who grow olde each year, those for whom remembrance is memory and fo' whom a nation' heroes were friends, for whom a minute's silence holds within it the noise of war. as the sounds of remembrance drifted back across the channel, there is a since there may not be many more moments like today. when europe pays tribute to the heroes who were here with us as well as those who are not. lucy williamson, bbc news, normandy.
laura: for more on the day't's ev spoke earlier with the bbc's matthew price, who is in normandy. how are the events of d-day being remeered where you are? matthew: laura, i think quite rightly and quite appropriately, souch of the commemoration today has focused on service personnel and the deaths of the soldiers who landed on the beaches and who died on the beaches. but there is another story that is told he in france as well alongside that, and that is about the toll on civilians. if i tell you what was happening in the hours after the landings in the buildg behind me, now the city hall, on the roof of that building that you see there, civilians were up on theo painting a giant red cross symbol. they were doing that because this is the building to which in the end, 10,000 french vilians, residents of th town, came to seek sanctuary in
the hours and days aer the d-day landings. they knew that the war was coming to their doorstep.cu they had been ed by german forces for several years. and they knew that the fight would be a bloody one here in llis town. 10,000 people inook refuge inside this building. they were during for 43 days of intense battle. if we just move the camera around, we take a look over these beautiful gardens inside -- in front of the city hall. y you see a bit of the cithind you. beautiful city, well worth a visit if you get the chance. but over there is the church, y d you can see that on the left-hand side tve not replaced the roof. they have left it as a memorial to some of the damage that was done here. i allied forceis said, bombed and destroyed a third of the city, and much of it lay in rubble. there are astonishing pictures
in the arcves of the city in the days and weeks after d-day. i think the impression, the stories that y hear here are of french civilian suffering during a very lengthy battle to takesoot just this town but al normandy as a whole. it was a crucial battle in the effort to win world war ii. the allies needed a firm military foothold here. and yet of course itg nvolved goto villages and towns like this one and taking over control from the germans. that involved a fight which in the end cost the lives of 20,000 french civilians. laura: matthew price reporting there. the focus of the d-day commemorations has been thehe veterans andoldiers who didn't come home. general george jouan has a unique perspective on this. n he served o supreme allied
commander and he joined me a short time ago as members of world war ii -- memories of world war ii fade,rt how imt is it that we remember d-day and what it stands for? gen. joulwan: i think it is extremely important, and what occurred on the beaches of normandy 75 years ago -- was ere for the 50th anniversary. should not be forgotten, it was a united allied effort that -- shared values, broughty bout und peace to a continent that had been under attack by al egime that cost thousands if not millions of lives. laura: as you sethose veterans now in their 90's lk about what they endured, what does it tell young generations about the nature of sacrifice? ll, that isn: extremely important. freedom is not free. freedom needs to be understood,
needs to be fought for, needs to be protected. that is not just freedom for americans orrits or french. we share a common history and value in the alliance that is now 29 nations. when i was there, 16 nations. we brought into that alliance former adversaries germany came in. i had the russian unit with me in bosnia. h they were vepful. i think it is a way to bring together like-minded nations that really want to create a better world for the children and grandchildren. laura: those veterans of d-day are now in their 90's. they may not see that many more anniversaries. t when we loir oral history, do we risk forgetting what happened? gen. joulwan: i hope not. i n't think so. i've remember exy well -- my father served in world war i. my cousin was captured twice by the germans with the u.s. army in europe.
when i looked at what we were able to achieve in bosnia, which i was extremely involved i and we lost not one soldier to hostile fire, and what is occurring in africa and iraq and afghanistan, we have to be vigilant and we need to be able to have what we call shared values and come together as nations, as a people i hope the sacrifices by those veterans of world war ii will. not be forgott laura: you talk about shared values. the institutions of today, nato and the u.n., grew out of the rubble of world war ii. do you worry that those shared values are under attack? gen. joulwan: i was asked that question some years ago. i was a second lieutenant and graduated from west point when the berlin wall was being built
and the cold war was upon us. i was a lieutenant general in germany when the iron curtain came down in 1989. we then started to enlarge the psliance with the partners for peace. i think the values a enduring, and we have to remember that free people, free choice, come together with a shared ideoly about the future. i think that is what nato is all about. laura: general g thank you for joining us. gen. joulwan: laura: in other news, american r&b singer r kelly has appeared pleaded not guilty in a chicago court to the latest sexual assault allegations. 11 new charges we announced last week related to the abuse of a minor. the singer's lawyer says the charges are merely rehashing of old allegations. scientists in the u.s. have captured the first images of cool gas orbiting the supermassive black hole in the center of our galaxy.
the supermassive black hole is called sagittarius a and sits 26,000 light years from earth, right in tiddle of the milky way. the u.s. vice present says he is encouraged that mexican authorities are willing too more to curb illegal immigration. but mike pence says it is up to president trump to decide if that is enough to prevent the u.s. from imposi tariffs on monday. meco's foreign minister says progress has been made in the talks will but he offered no specifics. r i spoke with our stat department correspondent barbara plett-usher. what seems to be the state of the tas? barbara: the foreign minister seemed to be quite upbeat t he d not offer specifics. what we understand is the mexicans have made a number of exproposals. fople, increasing the number of national guards who would be in the south of the country stopping mig in from central america or going after more strongly people who organize transport for the migrants through mexico up to the u.s. border, that kind of thing, which would reduce the
number of migrants but i think the big question is would it be enough? prtoident trump says he want halt completely -- i don't think yone thinks that is a possibility, but the white house has said what mexico offered so far would not do enough. laura: the president has threatened to slap these tariffs from monday if they don't produce a deal, but there are ess who are in con worried about the impact of these tariffs on the u.s. economy. barbara: very worried, especially in the senate, very strong opposition. the two countries are so closely intertwined in their economies and the tariffs would be so sweeping. eyave said that this would harm the economy and their constituents and even president trump's chances of reelection and presumably their own reelection as well. they have said -- they have threatened to vote to block the tariffs, which they have the oughr to do if they get votes, and they might get enough votes. but the point is they can't organize that before monday when wthe first round of tarifld go into effect, and president trump has been dismissive of their concerns. laura: the administration says there is a crisis the
southern border. what is the scale of the crisis? barbara: the numbers were much higher in the late 1990's and early 2000's, and then they dropped for a while and they have sloy begun to build up, especially in the past year. the critical thing is the type of people who are coming acrs. before, it was workers and laborers who were hoping to find work in the united states. now it is families with young children who turned themselves in at the border and askumor as quite a few of them, 144,000 in may, three times as many as this time last ye. the facilitiesf the border just cannot cope with that sort of thing. laura: is there a way that question of asylum could be discsed in these talks and a resolution found potentially? barba: it is a key part of t discussion, because what the americans want is they would like mexico to be designated as a safe third country sthat if the migrants want to apply for asylum in the u.s., they have ts from mexico. mexicans really don't likehis idea because they are afraid
of these people would not end up going to the uen., they would up stuck in mexico and mexicans would have these vast camps of migrants and a humanitarian criots. there arr versions being discussed which might be more acceptable to the mexicans. i think that is what you need to watch. but it is not at all clear they can reach an agreement. laura: what about the fate of children being detained at the border? barbara: that is an issue because they don't have the facilities to deal with the number of children. they don't just come with y parents, tme unaccompanied as well. they say they are reducing some services including things like sport and education. laura: barbara plett-usher, thanks for joining us.wa you arhing "bbc world news america." still to come, a life behind bars for germany's most notorious postwar killer. the latest on the nurse who kied his own patients. the african union has suspended
sudan with immedia effect until a civilian-led transitional government is in place. it comes after security forces shot dead dozens of presters in the capital, khartoum. some opposition activists say over 100 people have been killed. reporter: the street behind me leads you to the former protest area outside army headquarters. just a few days ago, there had been thousands of people walking down the street, goingut to e for a civilia government. e but today you can it is quiet. we c't get much closer, because there are members of the f militia group as well as government soldiers guarding the area. what we have learned from sseyewes, protesters who were there on monday morning when the area was attacked is that they felt surrounded. roatd 5:00 in the morning, they saw members of the security
forces surrounding the protest arean gunshots cameom different directions. in somere cases, there snipers on the top of buildings. they say there is chaos and people running. some tried to save those who e notinjured, but they w able t worryingly, there are repmets that some were raped on that morning. there has been international condemnation. >> there are credible reports that in these attacks can absolutely sickening, 1000 peaceful protesters have been lled and bodies have bee found in the nile and there are reports of rape o.the proteste i have summoned the sudanese ambassador to insist that he thke the message to khartoum that on behalf ou.k. government we call on the violence to stop and we joined the rest of theor in outrage at these reports. reporter: doctors with opposition groups say there is a
severe shortage of medical staff hinospitals, which have been inundated with injured victims. laura: a german nurse has been sentenced to life in prison for killin niels högel gave lethal doses of medication hospitalss n germany. helieved to be the country's most prolific serial killer since world war ii. jenny hill reports.g jenny: arrivin account foral his crimes, though niels högel says he cannot remember how many patients he killed. sentenced today for 85 murders, but investigators believe he probably killed many more. his victims elderly, infirm, defenseless, in the wards of two edrman hospitals. högel administrugs in fatal doses and tried to
resuscitate a very patients he attacked. christian's grandfather was one of them. he told the bbc he wrote to högel in prison to ask himhy. >> he just said he lost the contact to people, to human beings lying there. it was just bodies. ou was killing everyone he get, just playing with them, like someone who is usingan something meal, like a computer. switch a body on and off. jenny: christian was among relatives in court today. they want to know why for five years no one stopped högel >> i promised my family i would not just bring the murderer to justice, but others responsible, too.
jenny: for the german se raiseses, this painful questions. högel acted alone. but over five years he was able to kill patient after patient with impunity. investigations are focusing on the hospitals where he worked. it is feared that faced with unusually high mortality rates, senior staff may have chosen trn blind eye. some already face criminch ges. as högel begins a life sentence, investigations continuinto others who may yet emerge as having facilitated, however unwittingly, the murderouser ambitions ofny's most prolific postwar serial killer. jenny hill, bbc news, berlin. laura: as we have been hearing, hundreds been gathering to commemorate those who served in
d-day. our correspondent robert hall accompanied them on the journey back to france. robert: the sound of pipes and drums, the site of old men parading with pride. in 1944, the first allied liberators moved cautiously between the old house the people of bayeuex have never forgotten what that meant. >> humbling. feel humbled that people want to come out and applauded. >> not enjoy, but come here to remember them. robert: how important is it to be here on this anniversary? >> iis nice. we are all getting old. .'m 96 roberrt; ken came ashore with the dorset regiment. than the long march for freedom.
>> it is overwhelming, i found . so welcoming. it is great. robert: at the cemetery, eric strange, his head still full of last night's the pressure from portsmouth. as a young officer, he commanded a landing craft under fire from germany defenses. >> there was this green lifted up. -- marine lifted up. his chestas not very good. all one could do was get some first aid up to him. robert: along the lines of white stones, eric and his fellow veterans were back along the beaches. >> you think god i w lucky.
they are the people that did give their lives. robert: eric rarely talks about his d-day experiences, but his voge has helped them open u a and he foundilling ear. this evening as veterans reached journey's end, the message they carried was simple. >> i am here.ky. the roes are dead. laura: the men who fought for our freedom 75 years ago. i am laura trevelyan. thank you for watching "bbc world news america." announcer: funding for is made possible by... the freeman foundation; by judy and peter blum-kovler foundation, pursuing sol for america's neglected needs;
captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: gooevening. i'm judy woodruff. on the newshour tonight: d-day at 75. remembering how storming the beaches of normandy turned the tides of the 20th century. >> i'd place it in the top five most important battlesf all time. first, sheer size. second, complexity. third, what were the stakes? and the stakes were ridding the world of adolph hitler, and i ankly can't think of a more important mission than that. >> woodruff: then, tension over tariffs. with penales on imports from mexico scheduled to kick in on monday, mexican ficials come to washington to try to make a deal. plus, the candidates and the climate. where the 2020 democratic presidential hopefuls stand on climate change. all that and more, on night's