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tv   PBS News Hour  PBS  June 7, 2019 3:00pm-4:00pm PDT

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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening. i'm judy woodruff. on the newshour tonight: a disappointing monthly jobs inreport comes out amid gr concerns over the potential for an economic slowdown in the second half of the year. then, it's friday-- mark shields and peter wehner are here to discuss the loomingof possibilitariffs on mexican imports, our new pollon resultbortion, and the 75th anniversary of d-day.r and, long afe flames of a californ wildfire stopped burning, retired residents of a smobile home park are stick in limbo-- prevented from moving back to their homes, and unable to afford alternative housing. >> i want to live in my own place. t i walive my days out with my dog.
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there's other people who are in the same position. they don't have the money to rent somewhere. >> woodruff: all that and more on tonight's pbs newshour. >> major funding for the pbs newshour has been provided b >> text night and day. >> catch it on replay. >> burning some fat. >> sharing the latest viral cat! >> you c do the things you like to do with a wireless plan designed for you. with talk, text and data. consumer cellular. learn more at >> babbel. a language app that teaches real-life conversations in a new language, like spanish, french, german, italian, and mor >> financial services firm raymond james.
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>> the ford foundation. n working with visionariese frontlines of social change worldwide. >> and with the ongoing support of these institutions: d friends of the newshour. ra >> this prwas made possible by the corporation for public broadcasting. and by contributions to your pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. >> woodruff: the latest u.s. jobs report is out, with signs of slowing economic growth amid worries about trade wars.e bor department reports a net gain of 75,000 jobs in may-- that's just a third of t total for april. the unemployment rate held at
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3.6%-- near a 50-year low. while hourly pay increases slowed somewhat. we'll get all the details after the news summary. wall street rallied on the jobse rt, hoping it will prod the federal reserve to cut interest rates sooner. the dow jones industrial average gained 263 points to close at 25,984. the nasdaq rose 126 points, and ege s&p 500 added 30. u.s. and mexicaniators held a third day of talks, with president trump's tariff diadline looming. he vows to impose onal 5% levies on mexican imports hestarting monday-- unless surge of central american migrants is stopd. today, as he headed home from europe, he tweeted there is a good chancof a deal. at the white house, the vice president's chieof staff-- marc short-- also suggested the tariffs might not happen. >> i think there that there is the ability if negotiations
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continue to go well that the presidencan turn that off at some point over the weekend. it's less about the process about negotiation it's more about actually seeing what are the actions taken that will drop those numbers. >> woodruff: the initial tariffs would increase over time to a maximum of 25%. a russian destroyer and an american guided-missile cruiser had a near collision today in the philippine sea. u.s. navy video showed the ships coming within 165 feet of each other. the u.s.s. "chancellorsville had to throw all engines into emergency reverse to avoid being hit. in washington, acting defense secretary patrick shanahan blamed the russian ship and said the u.s. is lodging a formalt. compla >> the unsafe, unprofessional acts cer women at risk.o and thankseir professionalism there was no incident. our military-to-military channel with the russians will be
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exersed as a result of this activity. >> woodruff: moscow countered that the u.s. ship was in the wrong, and that it crossed the path of the russian deroyer. in minneapolis: former police officer mohamed noor now faces more than 12 years in prison f fatally shooting an unarmed woman in 2017. noor was sentenced today. the victim-- justine damond-- had called police to report a possible sexual assault. noor opened fire when she approached his cruiser. he apologized in court, saying, "i caused this tragedy and it is my burden." nasa announced today private citizens will soon have thech ce to visit the international space station. but it will cost $58-million for travel and $35,000 per night for accommodations. the revenue will help the agency focus on returning to the moon in 2024.
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president trump criticized that part of the plan, tweeting "nasa should going to the moon." this is despite the fact thatju last month, he pledged to launch a new mission to thewi moon the help of $1.6 billion in new nasa fundin o the universialabama's trustees donation of $26.5 million. hugh f. culverhouse jr. had stcalled for boycotting the school after alabama's legiature passed a restricti abortion law. university officials insist the decision is not about abortion, but about culverhouse's numerous demands involving how the money is spen 17 major auto makers are urging the trump administration to renew negotiations with california over leage standards. in a letter to the president, the companies call for-- "one national standard that is practical, achievable and
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consistent." the trump administration wants to roll back obama-era mileagequ ements, and end california's ability to make its own rules. and, the music world today mourned new orleans singer and atanist "dr. john", who died thursday of a hearck. he was born mac rebennack and socreated the "dr. john" p in the 1960s-- blending rhythm and blues with psychedelic rock. his biggest hit-- "right place, wrong time"-- was a top 10 hit in 1973. here he is performing the song, in 2012. >> ♪ i been in t right place but it must have been the wrong ♪ time i'd have said the right thing ♪ but i must have used the wrong line
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♪ i been in theight world but it seems wrong wrong wroro ♪ wrong w >> woodruff: over the years, an"d. john" won six grammy was inducted into the rock and roll hall of fame in 2011. he was 77 years old. still to come on the newshour: what do this month's low jobs numbers say about the overall health of the economy? the conclusion of our week-long deep dive into the mller report, the painful search for a place to live after a deadly california wildfire, and much more. it was just last month that we were discussing a u.s. jobs report that was far stronger than expected. but since that time, there have been a number of signals suggesting economic growth has started slowing down and willve slowfurther in the second half of the year: including manufacturing data and
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manufacturing data and anxiety in the financial market.ob the latestreport out today is adding to those concerns. ge shows that the u.s. economy has added an avef 164,000 jobs a month this year. that's down from an average gain of 223,000 for all o. this is set against a backdrop oferade wars and possibly m tariffs next week. david weel of the huchins center on fiscal & monetary policy at the brookings institution is back with us. he's also a contributing correspondent for "the wall street journal." david wessel, great to have you back with us. >> good to be with you, judy. >> woodrufflast month we were talking about 224,000 jobs have been created in april, now 75,000 in may. what happened? n >> welbers bounce around quite a bit from month to month, but, as you pointed out, on average, we're creating fewer jobs now than we did just a few months ago. the economy is slowing down.
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it's still strong. unemployment at a 50-year low. manufacturing has been weak. i think if we could see 150,000 jobs a month, whi is what we've averaged over the last three months, and a0-year low with an unemployment rate at 6.3%, we would be very hppy. the problem and worry is, as you look over the rizon, things look like they're deteriorating, in part because of the fright president trump has created with ese tariffs he's threatening to improse on mexico and the ones he'slready imposed on china. >> woodruff: how much of are drag is thatsenting? yes, there are tariffs already imposed on china. we don't even have the tariffs imposed yet on mexico. why is that a drag? >> well, i think it's clearlync trated pain on some people. if you're a farmer and have been hit by the chinese retaliatory tariffs or ale bicmaker and you're trying to import parts from china, you've felt th pain, but the overall u.s. economy has been strong enough so far to shake that off. after all, unemployment is still low, and most of the stuff we
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ma in the u.s., we consume in the u.s., and most of the stuff we consume in the u.s., we make here. but i think the fear is it's going to get worse from here the tariffs that the president is threatening to impose on mexico, the ones down the road on china, are things that wou really raise prices to consumers and would have a direct impact on american house holida househ. >> woodruff: but do i understand you saying that's part of what's going on butns other sig of slowdown? >> yes, absolutely. i think the thing that's concerning thousand is, if yo start seeing wavering in the pace of hiring, tif you sta see businesses reluctant to make new investments, that did coulde be self-fulfilling prophecy, and that's what the markets seem to say,ly particulthe bond market. they're looking over the horizon and saying businesses are so shaken up they will pull back. >> woodruff: you have the federal resrve under jeome powell, the chairman, saying we're looking at the economy and if we think tngs will get
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weak, we will be here, suggesting we'll mangkhut interest rates. does tt look like seriously something that's going to happen now? >> the markets are assuming j. powell and the fedsl mangkhut interest rates. on the one hand, it must be tempting for j. potwell to ge up in front of a microphone and say, you know, we did a goodb, resident trump is screwing everything up, we're not going to bail him out, and w don't think l, but that must be tempting. what must be the thinking at the fed is our jobs is to keep the economy going strong no matter what the politicians throw at us. it mighte tax cuts, tax increases, might be tariffs. so i think that they are anticipating that trump will cause a slowdown in the economye and re going to rescue us. but the thing that makes it difficult, two things that make it difficult,one is they don't want to look like they're caving to president trump and his frequent demands that they mangkhut interest rates raise their hackles. secondly, avoid being in a position where
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they mangkhut interest rates in anticipati of tariffs and then the president turns around and says, never mind, i'll shake hands with xi jinping in japan in coming months. what's tat sayth cutting interest rates? >> the fed meets here in washington next week and i don't think they'll mangkhut interest rates then. ye markets are beting twill in july. >> woodruff: and we should point out, david wessel, that today theesident was tweeting, it looks like we may have a deal wit mexo. it's just unclear. >> right, and it's in certainly in his co rol. eated this dispute with the mexicans, things were on track to pu t through tw trade deal with mexico and canada, he everybody by this tariff threat with mexico. so i think if the tariffs start to go in next week, i think people will think this might be more than presidential tweet or presidential words. it will have real damage. you know, china and mexico are by far our biest trading partners. there are lots of companies that
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depend on supply chains that n through those companies. there are lots of things we buy that's not just avocados that come from mexico. >> woodruff: people will be watching closely. >> they will. david wessel, we thank you. >> you're welcome. >> woodruff: all this week we have been going through the report by special counsel robert mueller and its key findings. we finish that series now with a look at the document in its entirety. lisa desjardins and william brangham are our guides. the mural report is unique in american history. at times it reads like a novel, a thriller, the other times, dense legal opinion. an so what did it find? first that the rus attacked the 2016-election. the mueller report is rodadloade with examples of how russian t eratives launched whaey call information warfare on the
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u.s. they wanted to distract d inflame voters to benefit donald trump's candidacy and damage hillary clnton's. >> and while mueller shows the trump campaign worked with individual russians, he found the evidence did ot shw conspiracy or coordination by the trump campaign. >> there was no colulon with russia. there waso obstruction, none whatsoever. >> that's been the president's mantra ever since the mueller report came out like lisa said, on the conspiracy issue, the president is right, the mueller report such not establish any wrongdoing. but on the issue of obstruction, mural does not agree with the president. >> to mural, obstruction is a crime of paramount importance. he went out of his way to say th in public last week. >> when a subject of that tnvestigation obstructs tha investigation or lies to investigators, it strikes that that -- at the core of the government's effort to find the truth and hold wrong doers
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accountable. >> moreller's report lace out substantial evidence that the president tried to obstruct justice. >> for example the presides asked jamey to let go of one vsmghts he told his white house counsel don mcghan mueller has to go and later told him to deny andthie thaat conversation never happened in. other cases mueller says what seemlike specials activity was not obstruction, like when president trp tried to bur e-mails that his son was at a meeting with russians offger dirt on hillary clinton. mueller concludes that did not affect the investigation. >> mueller writes the evidence points to a range of personal motive animating the president's conduct. those include concerns the investigation would call into question the legitimacy of his election and wh events could be seen as criminal activity by the president, his campaign or family.
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>> but despite that, mueller decided not to indict the president. the reason, he said, is a justice depament opinion issued during the watergate scandal. it says that a sitle pre cannot be indicted. this is internal agency policy from 1973. not a laor court ruling. because of this policy, on the issue of obstruction, mueller put his conclusion this way -- >> if we had confidence that the president clearly did not commit a crime, we would have said so. we did not, however, make a determination as to whe president did commit a crime. >> mueller seems to understand thiss not a satisfying conclusion for anyone, saying the case raises difficult issues. but he writes u.s. law rests on ate fundamental principle th no person in this country is so high that he is above the law. onhe question of whato do now, mueller points congress. >> the constitution requires a process other than the criminal
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justice system to formally accuse a sitting president of wrongdoing. >> he's talking, of course, about the impeachment process. that's why the stakes are so high with this invebuigation, t the report written as a legal document is tough to absorb. >> mueller actually writes that he wants to help leaders. he does this in the appendix with a glossary of 211 people and entities mentioned in the report, as well as t president's full written answers to mueller's questions. .oth are worth checking out >> okay, so what did this investigation produce? >> michael cohen! ueller lists all the court cases triggered by his probe. so far a total of ha peopl been indicted, the vast majority of those are russian nationals. but the invesgation also led to a three-year prison sentence for trump's former yer michael cohen on fraud and
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campaign violations. paul manafort is servving seen and a half years on charges unrelated to the campaign. rick gat ad michael flynn both pleaded guilty of lying to the f. yi. and haveet to be sentenced. >> meanwhile, another big case is h tading toial. trumpo confidant roger stne is charged by mueller with obstruction and lying to congress about his contact with wikileaks and the the anlease of democratic documents stolen by the rus >> and there are more than a dozen other ongoing cases mueller cites, buthose are fully redacted and we don't know who or what is involved. the report leaves open its most wrenching and difficult question, whether the president himself broke the law. s >> the repnal conclusion is that single complicated paragraph you may have heard before. it reads, in part, if we had a confidener a thorough investigation of the facts that the president clearly did not commit obstruction of justice, we would so state. based on the facts and the applicable legal standards, we
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are unable to reach that judgment. accordingly, why this report do not conclude that the president committed a crime, it also does not commo common exon. thank you for being here today. >> mueller spoke about nine mites about this report, so far. he indicated he wants to leave the stage and return to private life. whatever mueller's futrte, his re remains a challenge for america's leaders on all sides. if you missed any offour recaps on this report, they're all online. >> we did our best, but, viously, this was 448-page report with a lieutenant of detail. so we thank you for watching, but we also encourage you to look for yourself. the full mueller report is on our web site. >> woodruff: stay with us. coming up on the newour: mark shields and peter wehner analyze a full week of news and
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our summer television preview-- what shows to binge on now and in the weeks ahead. but first, california wildfires have left a trail of damage over the past few years. one more casualty, it turns t, has been the senior citizens whose houses in a mobile home park survived, but remain uninhabitable. our story comes from two students from the university of california berkeley's graduate school of journalism, karla carballo-torres and lorin eleni gill, who narrates the report. >> reporter: at the north edge of santa rosa city limits, you'll find a barren lot, marked by charred stumps and an emptypo . it's what is left of journey's end mobile hompark, still desolate after the tubbs fire struck in standing are 44 houses that survived, but they are empty. no one is allowed to live there. the fire devourendmore than a d homes.
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but oddly enough, the folks whose houses remain y they wish they had burned too. 84-year-old theresa udall's home was unscathed by flames, but likeer neighbors, she can't move back. >> i used my entire life sings to pay for that home sit sort of ticks me off that now it's being held hostage. >> reporter: the fire destroyed the electric, gas, and water systems that supported the homes. former residents with homes still standing aren't allowed to live there, but they've also hae troubling private and federal insurance funding. richard weinert is deputy director of codes and standards at the california department of housing and community development. >> this is a report from november when we did an inspection, the 44 units left
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there. >> reporter: he says private owners are in control of the land beneath the houses, not sidents like theresa. tewith no utilities, the s declared it uninhabitable while the property owners weighed therr options. wewas on the team that placed red-tags on surviving houses. the move was intended to open doors to federal funding for the fire survivors, but was unsuccessful.m >> we came froan idea that, if we could post a non-occupancy type of notice on ea u one of thosnits, then fema would come in with some more money for them to reimburse them for the whomes. but frt i understand, irless the home was actually destroyed by the that fema couldn't provide such funding. >> this is my humble abode. >> reporter: lawyer kendall jarvis represents multiple journey's end residents.>> t's not something that most
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institutions are prepared to deal with. >> it seemed like things couldn't get worse for thene home, but it did. >> i often tell people, you>> eporter: fema disbursed a total of a million dollars to former journey's end residents, most of whom lost their entire house. but for the residents whose houses still stand, they received only a couple thousand dollars on average. with the houses ocked off and minimal federal funding, it seemed like things couldn't get worse for the homeowners, but it did. >> i often tell people, "you suffered the loss, you thought to yourself, that was horrible, thank god we'ralive. then you met your insurance adjuster.r: >> reportevonne rawhouser is among those still negotiating with her insurance for a full payout. d>> seeing the fires reac about 2,000 degrees fahrenheit, the interior wiring of my home has been invalidated. when i found out my house was,
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still standiwas elated. i thought, "oh, i can just come home."or >> rr: according to legal aid of sonoma, various insurance companies have covered minor damages but not relocation costs. foremost insurance, which handles rawhouser's case and othe at journey's end, told via email that while it sympathizes with residents in this situation, it has paid all claims and benefits due totehem under ths of their policies. >> they've had a very hard time getting access to their insurance policies, because their insurance companies are claiming that they do not cover the loss because it's excluded, due to the fact it resulted from a government action-- "not from the fire." >> reporter: a pricey option could be to move the houses. for those who could transport their house, options are limited. rents have skyrocketed, leaving seniors on social security and o pensions with few places. steve morrow is one of them. the vietnam veteran is renting different trailer elsewhere,
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while he continues to foot the bill on his journey's end house. >> i'm retired, i want to live in my own place. i want to live my days out with my dog. ere's other people who are in the same position. they don't have the money to rent somewhere. >> reporter: co-owner of the property ramsey shuayto declined t go on camera, but told us over the phone ts family concluded the best wayep rdable rates was to leas the property long-term to burbank housing, a nonprofit affordable housing developer. it could be years before the project breaks ground. journey's end residey they can't afford any more time to wait. >> until there's eher access to their insurance policies to provide the finances to mo forward and/or access to relocation benefit, or both, these people are basically just in limbo. >> reporter: more rece fires in northern california displaced an estimated 50,000 people.
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many of whom are elderly. several mobile parks home to low-income seniors were leveled, representing about 4,000 mobile homes lost. journey's end is a glimpse of the agonizingly slow path to recovery ahead for many wildfire survivors. for pbs newshour, i'm lorin eleni gill in santa rosa, california. >> woodrreuff:dent trump's ongoing threat to impose tariffs ndexican goods, joe biden's policy reversal,emembering d-day 75 years later. it's been a busy week in politics and we have shields and wehner here to analyze it all. that's syndicated columnist marn shieldcontributing opinion writer for "the new york times,r peter we and hello to both of you. >> thank you, judy. >> woouff: on this friday. let's start by talking about, mark, what we led with tonight,w which isstarted talking about the jobs report today, but
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connecting it to this threat of tariffs on mexico that the president has been talking about foe days. now, the latest word we're hearing is maybe it won't happen, but it's thrown a lot of people off balance. congress, mexico, a lot of companies. how do you assess the president's handling of this? >> judy, it's the president. it's the way the president doest it's very personal. it's high risk. it's notditional. we talk about the two biggest trading partners, mexico and china, an right now, i think what we're facing ought to be best put by angus king, the senator from maine, pointed out that 84% of the lobster business in maine has already been lost because of the policy to can and the the likelihood of that getting back. so the first time i've seen a little bit ofe, resistaa little bit of vertebrae on the part of farm sta republicans.
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but i predict, right now, with absolutely no knowledge, that the president will declare victory and there will be something, but i can't belngve it's gto do anything but relieve relations witico which have been improving in the last years and are just in terrible and worse shape. >> thing's a lot of volatility s. thi trump has a trumpism for tariffs. an alliteration. o it's othe few issues he's had deep convictions on r his entire life. it's hard to tell if a's means or an end. if it's an end, we're in trouble. tariffs are taxes, it will hurt the economy and create a lot of uncertainty in the market. the last thing which mark said which is the most important part ofhe story which is the damage it's doing to the relations with mexico. th has been a trmendous
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bipartisan achievement over the last several deces. >> woodruff: mexico's an ally. also, but the relations are getting distant and icy and, in fact, if you study what's going on in mexico, you see this -- that trump is stokeca anti-ameresentment, and if that relationship goes south, so to speakers that will have a lot of ramifications, economic, security and otherwise. >> woodruff: mark, wheren yo saying you think the president teverack off and accept wha mexico offers, how much of that has to do with the politics of this, that he is running into head wins from members of his own party? >> no, i think there are, and i think they're in the farm state an states that he hasto carry, quite frankly, in november 2020, bu i think hes shown that ability and the agility, i should say, to declare victory. >> woodruff: and do you agree with mark that what we may see is the president's had everybody on the edge of their seats, but now -- >> i suspect that's right.
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but it's such a question mark. i guess one of the motifs of the trump presidey is he will be or wants to be reckless and his aides try to stop him. sometimes they do and sometimes they don't. but do i agree with mark that, whatever happens, trump will declare victory. it doesn't have to be rooted in reality. it's just roo ted somewhen his own weird mind. (laughter) >> woodruff: we're going to from the republicans on this over to the democrats, mark, and joe biden made some in fact, last night, by reversing his positionn an important, i guess, tenet of abortion lie, the hide amendment, the law that s federal funds cannot be spent on anything related .to aborti here is what former vice president biden had to say last night. >> for many years, as >> for many years as u.s.r senahave supported the hyde amendment, like many, many others hav because there was sufficient moneys a women were able to exercise that
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right-- women of color, poor women, women who were not able to have access-- and it was not under attack as it was now-- as it is now. but circumstances hanged. if i believe health care is a right, as i do, i can no lger support an amendment that makes that right dependent on someone's zip code. >> woodruff: so, mark, issues don't get any more sensitive than this one. was this a wie move on joe biden's part? >> no, i don't think it was, i mehe way it was handled, judy, he had been asked about it earlier and said he was the repeal of it, the hyde amendment, and then his campaign corrected his position, said, no, nohe stood by the hydeen amenand that, last night, under pressure, considerable pressure from the probortion rights groups, he changed. is it politically -- this goes right to the argument for joe
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biden. joe biden is sure-footed, he's experienced, he's not going o make mistakes. he can deal one on one with nald trump, the international stage, and he had an earlier event this week where his campaign rolled out its green plan, and it wasn'foonoted, it wasn't attributed, and this brought up unpleasantmemories of 1987, and neinl kenics -- >> woodruff: of plagiarism. that's right, in the plan.he >> woodruff: were passages in there that were identi, l. >> identicich were not foot noted. so it's not been a good week for joe biden, i can honestly say. >> woodruff: pee wehner, was it smart of joe biden to do politically, but let's talk about the substance of it, too. >> yeah,n terms of politically, he had to get off his position, but what's so hard to understand is why he didn't
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see -- the circumstances haven't changed from the beginning to the end of the week. this is a central dogma of abortion rights for the democratic party. i know that and i'm not a democrat. he obviously should have known thw . i don't knat was going through his mind or the campaign's mind to staa position, they had to have known they were going to jettison soon. it's better to do that soonert than . it was a self-inflicted wound, and yowadon' that, especially as mark was saying, the sales pitches for the biden ople is this is a guy who's a consummate pro. it also underscores a 40 year record because he has been supporting the hyde amendment for so long. he has an instinct todefined fend what he did for all the decades and now has to chang i'm a person for life convictions. in a verontention issue, there is a rare area where there
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was a compromise, which is to say we're not ing to have federal funding for abortion. >> in defense of joe biden, he's not alone. i mean, ery democrat other than bernie sanders in this race has voted for the hyde amendment because it has been the key on every major appropriations bill, that has been the rider in order to get bipartisan, mainly republican, votes for it. and, so, barack obama, in an exutive order, in order to pass the affordable care act, reaffirmed the hyde amendment. but more than anything else, judy, i think it showed politically that, with the channg landscape, given the republican state efforts and thccesses in repealing abortion options in states changed the dynamic of this issue, and i think is is where biden didn't show sure-footedness.
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>>roodruff: made it even e sensitive than it was. >> yeah. i wan.>> woodruff: this is a wee spenin somber reflection on d-day. it was 75 years ago. there were moving ceremonies, mark and pete, on the coast of normedy, president trump, president of france. reflect on it for us for a moment what you saw, what we saw and heard and also wha is relevant for us today. >> yeah, i must sa in terms of watching it, it reminded me of why it was the greatest generation. it's been called the greatest generation. e more you find out about what happened 75 years ago, normandy beach, the more extraordinary i is, the courae valor and self-lessness. it is something that is awe-inspiring. so that was a kind of high note in a nation that nes that. in terms of what we've learned from it, the atlantic alliance isn't now what it was then. it's splitting apart and looks like the president, at least
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every other day, is happy witth . so things have changed. but for me, what was -- well,si franklkening was this interview that donald trump did with laura ingraham on fox news, not just what he said but where he said i he had thousands and thousands of grave stones behind him, these people who had been mangkhut down in the frame of their life, and he was attacking nancy pelosand robert mueller, who himself was a war hero, in petty terms. and to have done it then was, in my minsd, a deecration at a sacred place, and it was another window into the bond fire of anger and resentments and grievous that is donald trump. >> i think pete said it well. i just add this, judy, that 9,388 americans -- husbands, fathers, sons, brothers, sweethearts --th buriee who
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either died at normandy or the libefrtion ofance, and it was a time in this country, it was a "we" generation, not a "me" generation. we had 20 million victory gardens that civilians planted that provided % of the vegetables for the whole country. we raggasoline, cigarettes, licker, butter, meat, and we did it, andall the americans were a part of the collective sacrifice, and it was led b those at the top, those at the greatest. the president of the united states had four sons. every one of them served in combat, every one of them was combat. you take the multi-m slionaire sick of a multi-millionaire who asked his father to use his contacts to get him into combat, john kennedy, rather than stay outd , ou go forward to where we ae now where those -- one of the four served in aworld r ii,
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now we have one-third -- one percent of americans serving and theyre serving over and over and over again, 18 years in afghanistan. and if we had a draft, that would not be the case, judoo >>uff: and we've had several presidents who have avoidedeing. >> 18 years, long than world war i, world war, two korea and the civil war combined, and we're still there. and what are we doing to pay fo n sacrifice? we've had three tax cuts. >> woodruff: it's been 75 years, pete wehner. what remains in theca ame psyche for that? >> we're an angry country, more divided and tribalistic country than we were then. it's important to say we're a better country, too. if you're a minority or woman, all sorts of progress was made. but there was a kind of honor at that time. the thing is the american capacity for self-renewal can be great, and sometimes en
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virtues are taken from the life of a nation and an individual, you remember why thettered to begin with, and hopefully l commemoratioe this can remind us that there are things worth fighting for and worthli ng for. >> woodruff: well, it's g rtainly worth going back and lookain at the ceremonies and reflecting on what it represented and the sacrifice.r pe wehner, mark shields, thank you. >> thanks a lot. you, judy. >> woodruff: and we'll be back shortly with a preview of this summer'sv season. but first, take a moment to hear from y it's a chance to offer your support, which helps keep programs like ours on the air.
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>> woodruff: for those stations staying with us, there are more than 100,000 people in this country waiting r a kidney transplant, and the median wait time is more than three years. a nobel prize-winning economist has a unique solution-- kidney transplant chains. paul solman has this encore story of two donors who volunteered to start a chain, saving multiple lives.on >> emotially i'm feeling a little anxious. >> knock knock, good morning. >> reporter: that was barbara sine back in october, minutes before surgery at saint barnabas medical center in new jersey. >> scary! >> reporter: sine-- a 53-year- old mother of two-- works at a prep school, teaches spin classes on the side, is healthy as a horse. her operation was 100% elective. and yet, lifesaving. t it was all da story on npr. >> i actually ought my husband the car.
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i made him listen to that .podcast and that intervi and i said i have to do this. and i still to this day get very emotional. >> reporter: so that was you. >>n the "freakonomics" broadcast. >> reporter: tur out barbara sine and those like her are key players in a medical revolution, economics bel laureate alvin roth deserves much of the credit. as a market expert, he o been puzzlir how to increase the number of kidney transplant dialysis keeps patients alive while they wait, usually yrs, for a deceased donor kidney or, if they're lucky, a kidney from a living donor who's a good biological match. and then al roth says he heard about two spouses chatting in the waiting room of a dialysis clin. >> why are you here? i'm waiting for my husband. i would give him my kidney, but has blood type "b" and i have blood type "a." oh it's a funny thing my, you, kn're just reverse. >> reporter: so the wife with blood type "a" gave one of her two kidneys-- we can live with
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just one-- to the other spouse. and her blood type "b" husband got a kidney from the person she'd met in the waiting room. but roth saw a way to go beyond two couples swapping two kidneys-- by using computer algorithms to create donor- recipient chains-- matched for blood and tissue type, evefor age. >> it turns out there are a couple hundred people a year in thunited states who want t give a kidney to someone who don't have a particular patient in mind. we've learned how to use them to start chains of trans where they give to a patient donor pair and the donor in thav pair to someone else who gives to someone else, gives to someone else. >> reporte and all this because of just one non-directed donor like barbara sine. >> i think prior to this if i had knowsomeone who needed a kidney i'm sure i would have stepped up. but i don't ow anybody. so i can just kind of throw it up there to fate and let it land where it may. >> reporter: what's different about you?
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i mean it's so unusual to have someone altruistically give a kidney. >> i'm a hospice volunteer. i foster animals. so i think this is kind of a continuation maybe at a different level. >> reporter: 26-year-old eric walano gives blood regularly... >> i actually just finished up my fourth gallon. >> reporter: ...takes a homeless man he's befriended to lunch... >> we go to five guys sometimes. >> reporter: ...walano too is a non-directed kidney >> so about and a month ago i went to a charity organ donation gala type thing. and i turned to my parents and and i turned to my parents and i was like, "kidney donation. i can do that." >> reporter: and they said? >> and they said, "you'reob crazy and ly a little bit drunk. like what if, god forbid, something happendnto my other down the road?" and then a month later i was in saint barnabas. >> reporter: ...unde rigorous physical and psychological evaluation. ve was cleared to donate, kidney in april. but to whom? le the months passed... >> i was in a liit of a
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funk, i was like, "ahhh, why am i a little bit sadder today, what am i miing?" >> reporter: because it was a feeling of irresolution or not having been acknowledged. >> that's perfect. yeah, you hit the nail on the ad. >> reporter: and you weren't getting anything back. >> and i didn't get anything back. >> reporter: meanwhile, the waiting list for cadaver kidneys-- 2,500 people at saint barnabas alone, 100,000 or more nationwide-- keeps growing, growing faster than deceased donor organs come in.ox >> we'll do apately 170 deceased donor kidney transplants, but we'll add 400 or more candidates to that list. so we know that we're in a losing battle. >> my hope was down here and every day was darker and darker... >> reporter: 39-year-old rosario davi was on dialysis for over a year.10 >> i could% of what i used to do physically. mentally, that demon's on your shoulder the whole time through this process. >> reporter: but last april, eric walano sent davi's demon packing. >> angel i don't know what else to say. >> reporter: and in december,in walanoly did get something back when he was allowed to meet
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his kidney's new owner and theti transplant chain his giftin had seotion. but after rosario got eric's kidney, his wife tara also gave to a complete stranger: michael dunn in california. >> you're such a bless do what you did, to sacrifice what you did. and i'm very grateful. >> reporter: michael's wife sandgave a kidney to eduard cardenas-rios. >> how are you feeling? >> i'm feeling very well. yes. i was on dialysis for seven years. >> oh my god. to be able to give it someone who needed it so much, it just makes me really happy. >> can i just say something to her? >> reporter: eduard's sister, loes. >> he has a life t forward to now. and it just means everything to me and my family, i just wanted you to know that.
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>> wel leric take a look. well eric just take a look and look what you've created. all of these people's lives have been changed. >> bigger family. >> reporter: meanwhile, barbara sine has yeto meet her recipient. >> i know that a man about my age got my kidney and i do know that his wife was scheduled to donate i think the following week. and that's about all i know. >> reporter: would you be more e d more happy as a function of whether or not md more people were in your chain. >> well, yes, i mean, i think the more people who are helpedtt the . the idea that i can help 10, 15, who knows! >> reporter: and bottom line,ke that's what this tear- jerker an economics lesson as well. >> well, altruism seems to respond to some of the economic incentives that other goods do. if you can do more good with a dollar, you're more likely to give a second dollar. >> reporter: oy, you can't give a second kidney. but you n sure do a world of good giving just one. this is economics correspondent paul solman, reporting fronew jersey. >> woodruff: ayou head into the weekend, we are ld there's
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plenty of new tv and video out there-- bingeworthy and sometimes cringeworthy several widely anticipated shows are premiering or streaming this week. jeffrey brown has a seri of previews over the next couple of weeks about noteworthy arts, culture, and lerature for the summer season. he's here tonight to help distill some of this ever- growing summer tv season. it's part of our regular arts series, "canvas". >> reporter: there was a time when just a few new shows were rolled out in the lazy mons of summer, but in the era of digital streaming and cable,bu summer seems a as the rest of the year with plenty of new fare vying to attract interest. this summer season already underway features 55 shows that will air in the coming months, including the return of popular ries such as "the handmaid's tale," "pose," "big little lies," and "stranger things,"an they'll now compete with a large number of new shows. eric deggans of npr is back with us to provide a handy and subjective viewer's guide. welcome back.
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eric, let's start with we're having. let's start with that category of returning shows. what are you looking f to? >> well there's a lot of great stuff. david letterman has this interview series that he's been do netflix called "my next guest needs no introduction." he really gets digs in deep with his new series of guests. he gets kanye west to talk about some of the mental issues that he's had. it is a health issue. thiss like sprained brain, like having a sprained ankanle. if someone has a sprained ankle, you're not going to push on him more. >> right. with us, once our brain gets to the point of spraining, people do everything tomake it worse! >> and david shares some of the issues that he's had himself. and ellen degeneres talks about being molestedr stepfather when she was 15, and coming to
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terms with that, and coming to terms of that with her mother. he talks to people that he only wants to talk to. and really dig deep with them. so i really like that new season. >> reporter: how about how aboue a drama nerning drama? >> well let's say that "the handmaid's tale" on hulu? i've always said as a critic that this is a show that feels like it's just two steps away from what we're living right now. particularly with these fights that we're having over abortion and the third season of "the handmaid's tale" finds the leadh acter deciding to go back to this totalitarian theocratic system that she was living under. she had a chance to escape at .the end of the last seas she goes back to find her daughter and to also challenge the stem even more. "big little lies" is also gonna come back onbo and that features, you know, you alreadar have a stellast with nicole kidman and reese witon. >> reporter: yeah, very hi level, very very high level. >> now i've seen the first three episodes. w doesn't feel like the s was quite engaging in the way that it did last year. so meryl streep joins the cast.
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she plays the mother of nicole hodman character's husband died. ckostensibly she's coming o help nicole kidman as character to take care of their children. but she's really back in town because she doesn't believe what the police have told her about her son's death. and she wants to find out what actually happened. >> my son is dead, and i want answers. you left some things out, didn't you? you were planning to leave him.a and he learnout this infidelity just ten seconds bere he died. oh you left that out, o. >> reporter: how about a couple of new shows? what do you know and what do you like? re so ava duvernay, who you'll remember is the or of "selma" and a great documentary called "13th" on netflix has a netflix series called "w" n they see usand it's about the
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central park five. you may remember these are five young men who were accused of beating and raping a jogger doing a huge amount of unrest in central rk in the mid-90s. they were convicted primarily on the basis of confessions and then it came out later thaoethey had beened into those confessions and someone else 12 years later admitted to the crime. >> sit up. this isn't a game. is my more? she left. it's just us. you and us. >> ava does a recreation of the drama around the incident the boys arrest their coercion there, conviction of current, and their attempts to rebuild their lives after getting out of
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jail. and it is a way of humanizing ofople who are often marginalized, whn have no voice, and in particular kind of grabbing a hold of history and because so much had been said that was negative about the boys that were accused of this crimen and evend trump back in the day took out newspaper ads calling for them to get the death penay. so this is a really-- i think this is her best work since "selma" and really worth checking out. it's gonna be on netflix. >> reporter: i'm curious because you and i talked last about "game of thrones" as that was ending, is there a tv producers and programming-- are k ey ways to l grabbing some of that audience and anything that you see coming out now? >> well it'sonna be hard. i think for a show to aspire to that that kind of success that's a lightning in the bottle kind of success. hbo has some new shows comingey next year th'll have "westworld" coming back, which i think they hoped wneld be their w "game of thrones," but it doesn't seem as if that show is going to be quite as popular. what's interesting about summer is that this used to be a time-- and it still is a time-- when
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the broadcast networks don't have as much interesting fare so the streaming outlets and cable channels are really stepping up and we're starting to see a lot of interesting stuff on streaming. the upshot is you're going to have a lot to watch over the summer. >> reporter: all right. well, eric deggans of npr, get get back there and srt watching. i don't know how you do it, but thanks for doing it for us. >> i'm a pull out my phone and watch an episode right now. >> woodruff: tomorrow on pbs newshour weekend: a look at how the recently launched space-x satellites are obscuring the view of the skies fo astronomers. that's tomorrow on pbs newshour weekend saturday. and tonight on "washington week," robert costwill discuss e trade standoff between the u.s. and mexico over the migrant surge at the southern border. will mexico blink? that's coming up on "washington week." and that's the newshour for
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tonight. i'm judy woodruff. join us online a again here on monday. for all of us at the pbs newshour, thank you and have a great weekend. >> major funding for the pbs newshour has been provided by: . >> kevin >> kevin! >> kevin. >> advice for life. life well-planned. learn more at >> consumer cellular. >> babbel. a language app that teaches real-life conversations in a new relanguage, like spanish,h, german, italian, and more. >> supporting social entrepreneurs and their solutions to the world's most pressing problems--or skollfoundatio >> the william and flora hewlett foundation. for more than 50 years, advancing ids and supporting institutions to promote a better world.
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at >> and with the ongoing support of these institutions an friends of the newshour. >> this poogram was made ible by the corporation for public broadcasting. and by contributions to your pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc captioned by dia access group at wgbh >> you're watching pbs.
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♪ ♪ hello, everyone, andelcome to amanpour and company from normandy, france. here's what's coming up. >> 75 years since d-day, real-life history lesson in a moving conversation between the generations. a 96-year-old veteran and his 17-year-old high school student. plus, the real story of what nhappened here i 1944. anthonyn and author beaver walks us through that fateful day. then -- >> many thousands men have died for ideals such as these. >> the u.s. military past and present. i speak to the army secretary mark esper about the


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