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tv   PBS News Hour  PBS  June 7, 2019 6:00pm-7:01pm PDT

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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening. i'm judy woodruff. on the newshour tonight: a disappointing monthly jobs inreport comes out amid gr concerns over the potential for an economic slowdown in the second half of the year.it then friday-- mark shields and peter wehner are here to discuss the looming possibility of tariffs on mexican imports, our new pollon resultbortion, and the 75th anniversary of d-day.r and, long afe flames of a californ wildfire stopped burning, retired residents of a mobile home park are still stuck in limbo-- pvented from moving back to their homes, and unable to afford alternative housing. >> i want to live in my own place.o i wantve my days out with my dog.
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there's other people who are in the same position. they don't have the money to rent somewhere. >> woodruff: all that and more on tonight's pbs newshour. >> major funding for the pbs newshour has been provided by: text night and day. >> catch it on replay. >> burning some fat. >> sharing the latest viral cat! >> you cano the things you like to do with a wireless plan designed for you. with talk, text and data. consumer cellula learn more at consumercellular.tv >> babbel. a lang real-life conversations in a new language, like spanish, french, german, italian, and more. >> financial services firm raymond james.
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>> the ford foundation. n working with visionariese frontlines of social change worldwide. >> and with the ongoing support of these institutions: d friends of the newshour. >> this program was made possible by the corporation for tblic broadcasting. and by contributioyour pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. >> woodruff: the latest u.s. jobs report is out, with signs aof slowing economic growd worries about trade wars. the labor department reports a net gain of 75,000 jobs in may-- that's just a third of t total for april. the unemployment rate held at
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3.6%-- near a 50-year low. while hourly pay increases slowed somewhat. we'll get all the details after the news summary. wall street rallied on the jobs report, hoping it will prod the federal reserve to c rates sooner. the dow jones industrial average gained 263 points to ct 25,984. the nasdaq rose 126 points, and ege s&p 500 added 30. u.s. and mexicaniators held a third day of talks, with president trump's tariff deadline looming. he vows to impose additional 5% levies on mexican imports hestarting monday-- unless surge of central american migrants is stopd. today, as he headed home from europe, he tweeted there is a good chancof a deal. at the white house, the vice president's chieof staff-- marc short-- also suggested the tariffs might not happen. >> i think there that there is the ability if negotiations
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continue to go well that the president can turn that off at some point over the weekend. it's less about the process about negotiation it's more about actually seeing what are the actions taken that will drop those numbers. >> woodruff: the initial tariffs would increase over time to a maximum of 25%. a russian destroyer and an american guided-missile cruiser had a near collision today inil the pine sea. u.s. navy video showed the ships coming within 165 feet of each other. the u.s.s. "chancellorsville had to throw all engines into emergency reverse to avoid being hit. in washington, acting defense secretary patrick shanahan blamed the russian ship and said the u.s. is lodging a formalt. compla >> the unsafe, unprofessional acts cer women at risk.o and thankseir professionalism there war no incident. lltary-to-military channel with the russians e
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exercised as a result of this activity. >> woodruff: moscow countered that the u.s. ship was in the wrong, and that it crossed the path of the russian deroyer. in minneapolis: former policemo officemed noor now faces more than 12 years in prison for fatally shooting aunarmed woman in 2017. noor was sentenced today. the victim-- justine damond-- had called police to report a possible sexual assault. noor opened fire when she approached his cruiser. he apologized in court, saying, "i caused this tragedy and it is my burden." nasa announced today private citizens will soon have the chance to visit the international space station. but it will cost $58-million for travel and $35,000 per night for accommodations. the revenue will help the agency focus on returning to the moon in 2024.
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esident trump criticized that part of the plan, tweeting "nasa should not be talking about going to the moon." this is despite the fact thatju last month, he pledged to launch a new mission to thewi moon the help of $1.6 billion in new nasa fundin o the universialabama's trustees donation of $26.5 million. hugh f. culverhouse jr called for boycotting the state school after abama's legislature passed a restrictive abortion law. university officials insist the decision is not about abortion, but about culverhouse's numerous demands involving how the money is spen 17 major auto makers are urging the trump administration to renew negotiations with california over leage standards. in a letter to the president, the companies call for-- "one national standard that is practical, achievable and
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consistent." the trump administration wants to roll back obama-era mileage requirements, and end california's ability to make its own rules. and, the music world today mourned new orleans singer and atanist "dr. john", who died thursday of a hearck. he was born mac rebennack and socreated the "dr. john" p in the 1960s-- blending rhythm and blues with psychedelic rock. his biggest hit-- "right place, time"-- was a top 10 hit in 1973. here he is performing the song, in 2012. >> ♪ i been in t right place but it must have been the wrong ♪ time i'd have said the right thing ♪ bg i must have used the wr line
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♪ i been in the right world but it seems wrong wrong wroro ♪ wrong w >> woodruff: over the years, an"d. john" won six grammy was inducted into the rock and roll hall of fame in 2011. he was 77 years old. still to come on the newshour: what do this month's low job numbers say about the overall health of the economy? the conclusion of our week-long deep dive into the mueller report, the painful search for a place to live after a deadly california wildfire, and much more. it was just last month that we were discussing a u.s. job report that was far stronger than expected. but since that time, there have been a number of signals suggesting economic growth has started slowing down and willve slowfurther in the second half of the year: including manufacturing data and
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manufacturing data and anxiety f in tancial market. the latest jobs report out today is adding to those concerns. ge shows that the u.s. economy has added an avef 164,000 jobs a month this year. that's down from an average gain of 223,000 for all o. this is set against a backdrop oferade wars and possibly m tariffs next week. david weel of the huchins center on fiscal & monetary policy at the brookings institution isack with us. he's also a contributing correspondent for "the wall street journal." david wessel, great to have you back with us. >> good to be with you, judy. >> woodrufflast month we were talking about 224,000 jobs have been created in april, now 75,000 in may. what happened? n >> welbers bounce around quite a bit from month to month, but, as you pointed out, on average, we're creating fewer jobs now than we did just a few months agoec thomy is slowing down.
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ong. still str unemployment at a 50-year low. manufacturing has been weak. i think if we could see 150,000 jobs a month, whi is what we've averaged over the last three months, and a0-year low with an unemployment rate at 6.3%, we would be very hppy. the problem and worry is, as you look over the rizon, things look like they're deteriorating, in part because of the frighum president has created with these tariffs he's threatening to improse on mexico and the ones he's already imposed on china. >> woodruff: how much of are drag is thatsenting? yes, there are tariffs already imposed on china. we don't even have the tariffs imposed yet on mexico. why is that a drag? >> well, i think it's clearlync trated pain on some people. if you're a farmer and have been hit by the chineseal rettory tariffs or a bicycle maker and you're trying to import pafts om china, you've felt the pain, but the overall u.s. economy has been strong enough so far to shake that off. after all, unemployment is still low, and most of the stuff we
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ma in the u.s., we consume in the u.s., and most of the stuff we consume in the u.s., we make here. but i think the fear is it's going to get worse from here the tariffs that the president is threatening to impose on oxico, the ones down the on china, are things that would really raise prices to consumero and have a direct impact on american house holida househ. >> woodruff: but do i understand you saying that's part of what's going on but other signs of slowdown? yes, absolutely. i think the thing that's concerning thousand is, if you start seeing waring in th pace of hiring, if you start to see busucinesses relnt to make new investments, that did coulda becoelf-fulfilling prophecy, and that's what the markets seem to say, particulare bond market. they're looking over the horizon and saying businesses are so shaken up they will pull back. >> woodruff: you have the federal reserve under jerome well, the chairman, saing we're looking at the economy and if we think things will getwe
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weakill be here, suggesting we'll mangkhut interest rates. does thalook likseriously something that's going to happen now? >> the markets are assuming j. lpowell and the feds l mangkhut interest rates. on the one hand, it must be tempting for j. powell to ge up in front of a microphone and say, you know, we did a good job, president trump is screwing everything up, w're not goi to bail him out, and i don't think he will, but that must be tempting. what must be the thinking at the fed is our jobs is to keep the economy going strong no matter what the politicians throw at us. it might btax cuts, tax increases, might be tariffs. so i think that they are anticipating that trump will cause a slowdown in the economy and they're going to rescue us. but the thing tit maket difficult, two things that make it difficult, one is they don't want tlook like they're caving to president trump and his frequent demands that they mangkhut terest rates raise their hackles. secondly, i avoid being in a position where
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they mangkhut interest rates in anticipationof tariffs and then the president turns around and says, never mind, i'll shake hands with xi jinping in japanin in c months. what's that say with cutting in >> the fed meets here in washington next week and i don't think they'll mangkhut interest rates then. ye markets are beting twill in july. >> woodruff: and we should point out, david wessel, that today the president wasti tw, it looks like we may have a deal with mexico. it's just unclear. >> right, and 's in certainly in his control. he created this dispute with the mexicans, things were on track to put through the new trade deal with mexico ande canada, surprised everybody by this tariff threat with mexico. so i think if ae tariffs rt to go in next week, i think people will think ths might be more than presidential tweet or presidential words. it will have real damage.ch you knowna and mexico are by far our biggest trading partners there are lots of companies that
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depend on supply chains that run through those companies. there are lots of things we y that's not just avocados that come from mexico. >> woodruff: people will be watching closely. >> they will. david wessel, we thank you. >> you're welcome. >> woodruff: all this week we have been going through the report by special counsel robert mueller and its key findings. we finish that series now with a look at the document in its entirety. lisa desjardins and william brangham are our guides. the mural report is unique in american history. at times i reads like novel, a thriller, the other times, dense legal opinion. >>o what did it find? first that the russians attacked the 2016-election. the mueller report is rodadloade with examples of how russian t eratives launched whaey call information warfare on the
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u.s. they wanted to distract d inflame voters to benefit donald trump's candidacy and damage hillary clnton's. >> and while mueller shows the trump campaign worked with individual rufosians, heund the evidence did not show conspiracy or co the trump campaign. >> there was no collusion with russia. there waso obstruction, none whatsoever. >> that's been the president's mantra ever since the mueller report came out like lisa said, on the conspiracy issue, the president is right, the does not establish any such wrongdoing. but on the issue of obstruction, mural does not agree with the president. >> to mural, obstruction is a crime of paramount importanc w nt out of his way to say that in public last week. >> when a subject of that investigation obstructs that investigation or lies to investigators, it stkes tha that -- at the core of the government's effort to find the truth and hold wrong doers
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accountable. >> moreller's report lace out subsntial evidence that the president tried to obstruct justice. >> for example the president asked james comey to let go of one vsmghts he tld his white house counsel don mcghan mueller has to go and later told him to deny andthie thaat conversation never happened in. other cases mueller says what seemlike specials activity was not obstruction, like when president trump tried to bury e-mails that his son was at a meeting with russians offering dirt on hillary clinton. mueller concludes that did not affect the investigation. >> mueller writes the evidence points to a range of personal motive animating the president's conduct. those include concerns the investigation would call into question the legitimacy of his election and wh events could be seen as criminal activity by the president, his campaign or family.
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lerbut despite that, muel decided not to indict the president. the reason, he said, is a justice depament opinion issued during the watergate scandal. it says that a sitle pre cannot be indicted. this is internal agency policy from 1973. not a law or court ruling. because of this policy, on the issue of obstruction, mueller put his conclusion this way -- >> if we had confidence that the president clearly did not commit a crime, we would have said so. we did not, however, make a determination as to whether the president did commit a crime. >> mueller seems to understand this is not a satisfying conclusion for anyone, saying the case raises dificult issues. but he writes u.s. lawe rsts on the fundamental principle that no person in this country is so high that he is above the law. onhe question of whato do now, mueller points congress. >> the constitution requires a process other than the criminal
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justice system to formally accuse a sitting president of wrongdoing.l >> he's king, of course, about the impeachment process. that's why the stakes are so high with this invebuigation, t the report written as a legal document is tough to absorb. >> mueller actually writes that he wants to help leaders. he does is in the appendix with a glossary of 211 people and entiementioned in the report, as well as the president's full written answers to mueller's questions. .oth are worth checking out >> okay, so what did this investigation produce? >> michael cohen! ueller lists all the court cases triggered by his probe. so far a total of ha peopl been indicted, the vast majority of those are russian nationals. but the investigation also led to a three-year prison sentence for trump's former lawyer michael cohen on fraud and
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campaign violations. paul manafort is servving seen and a half years on charges unrelated to the campaign. rick gat ad michael flynn both pleaded guilty of lying to the f.b. y and haveet to be sentenced. >> meanwhile, another big case is heiading to tral. trumpne confidant roger st is charged mueller with obstruction and lying to congress about his contact with wikileaks and the the anlease of democratic documents stolen by the rus >> and there are more than a dozen other ongoing cases mueller cites, buthose are fully redacted and we don't know who or what is involved. the report leaves open its most wrenching and difficult question, whether the pre himself broke the law. >> tfi report's nal conclusion is that single complicated paragraph you may have heard before. it reads, in part, if we had a confidener a thorough investigation of the facts that the president clearly did not commit obstruction of justice, we would so state. based on the fcts and the applicable legal standards, we
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are unable to reach that judgment. accordingly, why this report does not conclude that the president committed a crime, it also does not commo common exont hank you for being here today. >> mueller spoke about nine nutes about this port, so far. he indicated he wants to leave the stage and return to private life. whatever mueller's futrte, his re remains a challenge for america's leaders on all sides. if you missed an offour recaps on this report, they're all online. we did our best, but, obviously, this was a 448-page report with a lieutenant of detail. ching,thank you for wat but we also encourage you to look for yourself. the full mueller report is on our web site. >> woodruff: stay with us. coming up on the newshour: mark shields and peter wehner analyze a full week ofews and
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our summer television preview-- what shows to binge on now and in the weeks ahead. but first, california wildfires have left a trail of damage over the past few years. one more casualty, it turns oute ha the senior citizens whose houses in a mobile home park survived, but remain uninhabitable. our story comes from two students from the university of california berkeley's graduatesc ol of journalism, karla carballo-torres and lorin eleni gill, who narrates the report. >> reporter: at the north edge l santa rosa city limits, you'll find a barr, marked by charred stumps and an empty pool. l it's what t of journey's end mobile home park, still desolate after the tubbs fire20 struck i. still standing are 44 houses that survived, but they are empty. no one is allowed to live there. the fire devoured more than a hundred homes.
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n t oddly enough, the folks whose houses remaisay they essh they had burned too. 84-year-old therudall's home was unscathed by flames, but likeer neighbors, she can't move back. >> i used my entire life savin to pay for that home so sort of ticks me off that now it's being held hostage. >> reporter: the fire destroyed the electric, gas, and water systems that supported the homes. former residents with homes still standing aren't allowed to live there, but they've also had trouble getting private and federal insurance funding. richard weinert is depy director of codes and standards at the california department of housing and community development. >> this is a report from november when we did an inspection, the 44 units left
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there. >> reporter: he says private owners are in control of the land beneath the houses, not residents like theresa. tewith no utilities, the s declared it uninhabitable while the property owners weighed therr options. wewas on the team that placed red-tags on surviving houses. the move was intended to open f doors toederal funding for the fire survivors, but was unsuccessful.m >> we came froan idea that, if c weld post a non-occupancy type of notice on each o u of those 44nits, then fema would come in with some more money for heem to reimburse them for homes. but from what i understand, unless t home was actually destroyed by the fire, that fema couldn't provide such funding. >> this is my humble abode. >> reporter: lawyer kendall jarvis represents multiple journey's end residents.>> t's not something that most
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institutions are prepared to deal with. >> it seemed like things couldn't get worse for thene home, but it did. >> i often tell people, you>> eporter: fema disbursed a total of a million dollars to former journey's end residents, most of whom lost their entire house. but for the residents whose houses still stand, they only a couple thousand dollars on average. with the houses blocked off and minimal federal funding, it seemed like things ce ldn't get wor the homeowners, but it did. >> i often tell people, "you suffered the loss, you thought to yourself, that was horrible, thank god we'ralive. then you met your insurance adjuster.r: >> reportevonne rawhouser is among those still negotiating with her insurance for a full payout. >> seeing the fires reached about 2,000 degrees fahrenheit, the interior wiring home has been invalidated. when i found out my house was,
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still standiwas elated. i thought, "oh, i can just come home."or >> rr: according to legal aid of sonoma, various insurance companies have covered minor damages but not relocation costs. foremost insurance, which handles rawhouser's case and othe at journey's end, told via email that while it sympathizes with residents init thistion, it has paid all claims and benefits due to them under the terms of their policies. >> they've had a very hard time getting access to their insurance policies, because their insurance companies are claiming that they do not cover the loss because it's excluded, due to the fact it resulted from a government action-- "not from the fire." >> reporter: a pricey option could be to move the houses. for those who could transport their house, options are limited. rents have skyrocketed, leaving seniors on social security and gonsions with few places t steve morrow is one of them. the vietnam veteran is renting different trailer elsewhere,
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while he continues to foot the bill on his journey's end house. >> i'm retired, i want to live in my own place. i want to live my daysogut with my there's other people who are in the sa d position. th't have the money to rent somewhere. >> reporter: co-owner of the property rsey shuayto declined to go on camera, but told us over the phone that his family kencluded the best way to affordable rates was to lease the property long-term to burbk housing, a nonprofit befordable housing developer. it could be yearre the project breaks ground. journey's end residents say they can't affo any more time to wait. >> until there's either access to their insuran policies to provide the finances to move forward and/ access to relocation benefit, or both, these people are basically just in limbo. >> reporter: more recentires in northern california displaced an estimated 50,000 people.
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many of whom are elderly. several mobile parks home to low-income seniors were leveled, representing about 4,000 mobile homes lost. journey's end is a glimpse of the agonizingly slow path to recovery ahead for many wildfire survivors. for pbs newshour, i'm lorin eleni gill in santa rosa, california. >> woodrreuff:dent trump's ongoing threat to impose tariffs ndexican goods, joe biden's policy reversal,emembering d-day 75 years later. it's been a busy week in w politics ahave shields and cohner here to analyze it all. that's syndicatemnist mark shields and contributing opinion writer for "the new york times,r peter we and hello to both of you. >> thank you, judy. >> woouff: on this friday. let's start by talking about, mark, what we led with tonight,w which isstarted talking about the jobs report today, but
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connecting it to this threat of tariffs on mexico that the president has been talking about foe days. now, the latest word we're hearing is maybe it won't happenbut it's thrown a lot of people off balance. congress, mexico, a lot of companies. how do you assess the president's handling of this? >> judy, it's the president. it's the way the president doest it's very personal. it's high risk. it's notditional. ee talk about the two biggest trading partners,co and china, and, right now, i think what we're facing ought to be best put by angus king, the senator from maine, pointed out that 84% of the lobster business in maine has already been lost because of the policy to can and the the likelihood of that getting back. so the first tsee i'veen a little bit of resistance, a little bit of vertebrae on the part of farm state republicans.
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but i predict, right now, with absolutely no knowledge, that the president will declare victory and there will be something, but i can't belngve it's gto do anything but relieve relations witico which have been improving in the last years and ares t in terrible and worse shape. >> thing's a lot of volatility in this. trump has a trumpism for tariffs. an alliteration. o it's othe few issues he's had deep convictions on r his entire life. it's hard to tell if a's means or an end. if it's an end, we're in trouble. tariffs are taxes, it will hurt the economy and create a lot of unce the last thing which mark said which is the most important part of the story which is the damage it's doing to the relations with mexico. th has been a trmendous
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bipartisan achievement over the last several deces. >> woodruff: mexico's an ally. also, but the relations are getting distant and icy and, in mect, if you study what's going on in ico, you see this -- that trump isst ke anti-american resentment, and if that relationship goes south, so to speakers that will have a lot of ramifications, economic, security and otherwise. >> woodruff: mark, wheren yo saying you think the president teverack off and accept wha mexico offers, how much of that has to do with the politics of this, that he is running into head wins from members of his own party? >> no, i think there are, and i think they're in the farm state an states that he hasto carry, quite frankly, in november 2020, but i think he has shown that ability and the agility, i should s, to declare victory. >> woodruff: andeeo you agr with mark that what we may see is the president's had everybody on the edge of their seats, but now -- >> i suspect that's right.
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but it's such a question mark. i guess one of the motifs of the trump presidey is he will be or wants to be reckless and his aides try to stop hi. sometimes they do and sometimes they don't. but do i agree with mark that, whatever happens, trump will declare victory. it doesn't have to be rooted in reality. it's just roo ted somewhen his own weird mind. (laughter) >> woodruff: we're going to from the republicans on this over to the democrats, mark, and joe biden made some in fact, last night, by reversing his positionn an important, i guess, tenet ofti ab lie, the hide amendment, the law that says federal funds cannot be spent on anything related to abortion. here is what former vice president biden had to say last night. >> for many years, as >> for many years as u.s.r senahave supported the hyde amendment, like many, many others hav because there was sufficient moneys a women were able to exercise that
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right-- women of color, poor women, women who were le to have access-- and it was not unsr attack as it was now-- it is now. but circumstances hanged. if i believe health care is a right, as i do, i can no lger support an amendment that makes that right dependent on someone's zip code. >> woodruff: sdo mark, issues t get any more sensitive than this one. was this a wide move on jo biden's part? >> no, i don't think it was. i mean, the way it was handled, judy, he had been asked about it earlier and said he was the repeal of it, the hyde amendment, and then his campaign corrected his position, said, no, nohe stood by the hydeen amenand that, last night, under pressure, considerable pressu from the pro-abortion rights group he changed. is it politically -- this goes right to the argument for joe
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biden. joe biden is sure-footed, he's experienced, he's not going o make mistakes. he can deal one on one with nald trump, the international stage, and he had an earlier event this week where his campaign rolled ourt its geen plan, and it wasn't foot noted, it wasn't attributed, and this brought up unpleasant memories of 1987, and neinl kenics -- >> woodruff: of plagiarism. that's right, in the plan.he >> woodruff: were passages in there that were identi, l. >> identicich were not foot noted. so it's not been a good week for joe biden, i can honestly say. >> woodruff: pete wehner, was it smart of joe biden to do politically, but let's talk about the substance of it, too. >> yeah,n terms of politically, he had to get off his position, but what's so hard to understand is why he didn't
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see -- the circumstances haven't changed from the beginning to the end of the week. this is a central dogmaof abortion rights for the democratic party. i know that and i'm not amo at. he obviously should have known that. i don't know what was going through his mind or the campaign's mind to staa position, they had to have known they were going to jettison soon. it's better to do that soonert than . it was a self-inflicted wound, and yowadon' that, especially as mark was saying, the sales pitches for the biden people is this is a guy who's a consummate pro. it also underscores a 40 year record because he has been supporting the hyde amendment for so long. he has an instinct todefined fend what he did for all the decades and now has to chang i'm a person for life convictions. in a verontention issue, there is a rare area where there
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was ais compr which is to say we're not going to have federal funding for abortion. >> in defense of joe biden, he's not alone. i mean, ery democrat other than bernie sanders in this race has voted for the hyde amendment because it has been the key on every major appropriations bill, that has been the rider in order to get bipartisan, mainly republican, votes for it. and, so, barack obama, in an exutive order, in order to pass the affordable care act, reaffirmed the hyde amendment. but more than anything else, judy, i think it showed politically that, with the channg landscape, given the republican state efforts and successes in repealing abortion options in states, this changed the dynamic of this iss and i think this is where biden didn't show sure-footedness.
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>>roodruff: made it even e sensitive than it was. >> yeah. i wan.>> woodruff: this is a wee spenin somber reflection on d-day. it was 75 years ago. there were moving ceremonies, mark and pete, on the coast of normedy, president trump, president of france. reflect on it for us for a moment what you saw, what we saw and heard and also wha is relevant for us today. >> yeah, i must sa in terms of watching it, it reminded me of why it was the greatest generation. it's been called the greatest generation. e more you find out about what happened 75 years ago, normandy beach, the more extraordinary it is, the courage, the valor and self-lessness. it is something that is awe-inspiring. so that was a kind of high note in a nation that nes that. in terms of what we've learned from it, the lantic alliance isn't now what it was then. it's splitting apart and looks like the president, at least
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every other day, is happy with that. so things have changed. but for me, whatel was -- l, frankly sickening was this d interview thald trump did with laura ingraham on fox nes, not just what he said but where he said it. he had thousands and thousands of grave stmes behind hi, these people who had been mangkhut down in the frame of their life, an he was attacking nancy pelosi and robert muellerf who himwas a war hero, in petty terms. and to have doe it thn was, in my mind, a desecration at a sacred place, and it s aher window into the bond fire of anger and resentments and grievous that is donald trump. >> i think pete said it wel. i just add this, judy, tha 9,388 americans -- husbands,s, fathers, srothers, sweethearts -- buried there who
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eithermaied at nory or the liberation of france, and it was a time in this country, it was a "we" generation, not a "me" generation. we had 20 million victory gardens that civilians planted that provided 40% of the vegetabl for the whol country. we raged gasoline, cigarettes, cker, butter, meat, and we did it, and all the americans were a part of the collective sacrifice, and it was led by those at the top, those at the greatest. the president of the united states had four sons. every one of them served in comb, every one of them was in combat. you take t multi-millionaire sickly son of a multi-millionairwho asked his ther to use his contacts to get him into combat, john kennedy, rather than stay out, and you go forward to where we now where those -- one of the four served in world war ii,
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now we have one-third -- one percent of americans serving and they are serving over and over and over again, 18 years in afghanistan. and if we had a draft, the would notthe case, judy. >> woodruff: and we've had several presidents who have avoided serving. >> 18 years, long than world war i, world war, two korea and the civil war combid, and we're still there. and what are we doing to pay for it in sacrifice? we've had three tax cuts. >> woodruff: it's been 75 years, pete wehner. what remains in the american psyche for that? >> we're an angruntry, more divided and tribalistic country an we were then. it's important to say we're a better country, too. if you're a minority or woman, all sorts of progress was made. but there was a kind of honor t thme. the thing is the american capacity for self-recan be great, and sometimes when
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virtues are taken from the life of a nation andn individual, you remember why they mattered to begin with, and hopefully commemorations like this can remind us that there are things worth fighting for and worth living for. >> woodruff: well, it'sh certainly woing back and looking again at the ceremonies and reflecting on what it represented and the sacrifice. peter wehner, mark shields, thank you. >> thanks a lot. you, judy. >> woodruff: and we'll be back a shortly wireview of this summer's tv season. but first, take a moo hear from your local pbs station. it's a chance to offer your
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good giving just one. this is economics correspondent paul solman, reporting from new jersey. >> woodruff: as you head into
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the weekend, we are told there's plenty of new tv and videobiut there-eworthy and sometimes cringeworthy reveral widely anticipated shows are premiering or ing this week. jeffrey brown has a series of previews over the next couple of weeks about noteworthy arts, culture, and literature for the summer season. he's here tonight to help distill some of this ever- growinsummer tv season. it's part of our regular arts series, "canvas". >> reporter: there was a time when just a few new shows were rolled out in the lazy months of summer, but in the era of digital streaming and cable, mmer seems as busy as the rest of the year with plenty of new fare vying to attract interest this summer season already underway features 55 shows that will air in the coming months, including the return of polar series such as "the handmaid's tale," "pose," "big little lies," and "stranger things," and they'll now compete with a o large numbnew shows. eric deggans of npr is back with
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us to provide a handy andsu ective viewer's guide. welcome back. eric, let's start with we'reha ng. let's start with that category of returning shows.re whatou looking forward to? >> well there's a lot of great stuff.ma david letthas this interview series that he's been doing on netflix called "my next guest needs no introduction." he really gets digs in deep with his new series of guests. he gets kanye west to talk about some of the mental issues that he's had. it is a health issue. this is lik a sprained brain, like having a spraineankle and if someone has a sprained ankle, you're not going t push on him more. >> right. with us, once our brain gets to the point of spraining, people do everything to make it worse! >> and david shares some of the issues that he's had himself. and ellen degeneres talks about
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being molested by her stepfather when she was 15, and coming to terms with that, and coming to terms of that with her mothe he talks to people that he only wants to talk to. and really dig deep with them. so i really like that newse on. >> reporter: how about how about a drama new returning drama? >> well let's say that "the handmaid's tale" on hulu? i've always said as a critic that this is a show that feels like it's just two steps away from what we're living right now. particularly with these fights that we're having over abortionh anthird season of "the handmaid's tale" finds the lead character deciding to go back to this totalitarian theocratic system that she was living under. she had a chance to escape atof the enhe last season. she goes back to find her daughter and to also challengen the system ere. "big little lies" is also gonna come back on hbo and that features, you know, you already have a stellar cast with nicolem and reese witherspoon. >> reporr: yeah, very high level, very very higowlevel. >>'ve seen the first three episodes.
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it doesn't feel like the show was quite engaging in the way that it did last year. so meryl streejoins the cast. she plays the mother of nicole kidman character's husband who died.ib oste she's coming back to help nicole kidman as character to take care of their childr. but she's really back in town because she doesn't believe what the police have told hers bout her son'ath. and she wants to find out what actually happened. >> my son is dead, and i want answers. you left some things out, didn't you? you were planning to leave him. and he learned about this infidelity just ten secondse before he . oh you left that out, too. >> reporr: how about a couple of new shows?at o you know and what do you like? >> so ava duvernay, who you'll remember is the director of
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"selma" and a great documentary called "13th" on netflix has a series called "when they see us" and it's about thece ral park five. you may remember these are five jung men who were accused of beating and rapingger doing a huge amount of unrest in central park in the mid-90s. they were convicted imarily on the basis of confessions and then it came out later that they had been coerced into thoseso confessions anone else 12 years later admitted to the crime. >> sit up. this isn't a game.mo is mm here? she left. it's just us. u and us. >> ava does a recreation of the drama around the incident the boys arrest their coercion ,ere, conviction of curre and their attempts to rebuild
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their lives after getting out of jail. and it is a way of humanizing people who are often marginalized, who often have no voice, and in rticular kind of grabbing a hold of history and because so much had been saideg that wasive about the boys that were accused of this crime and even donald trump back in the day took out newspaper ads calling for them to get the death penalty. so this is a really-- i think this is her best work since "selma" and really worth checking out. it's gonna be on netflix. >> reporter: i'm curious because you and i talked last about "game of thrones" as that was ending, is there a tv producers and programming-- are they ways to look at grabbing some of that audiencend anything that you see coming out now? >> well it's gonna be hard. i think for a show to aspire to that that kind of success th a lightning in the bottle kind of success. hbo has some new shows coming next year they'll have "westworld" comi back, which i eiink they hoped would be r new "game of thrones," but it doesn't seem as ifhat show is going to be quite as popular.
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what's interesting about summer is that this used to bme-- and it still is a time-- when the broadcast networks don't haso as much interesting far the streaming outlets and cable channels are really stepping up and we're starting to see a lot of interesting stuff on streaming. gothe upshot is you'rg to have a lot to watch over the summer. >> reporter: all right. well, eric deggans of npr, get get back there and start watching. h i don't kn you do it, but thanks for doing it for us. >> i'm a pull out my phone and watch an episode right now. >> woodruff: tomorrow on pbs newshour weekend: a look at how the recently launched space-x satellites are obscuring the vi of the skies for astronomers. that's tomorrow on pbs newshour weekend saturday. and tonight on "washington cuek," robert costa will d the trade standoff between the u.s. and mexico over the migrant surge at the southern border. will mexico blink? o
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that's coming "washington week." and that's the newshour for tonight. i'm judy woodruff. erjoin us online and againon monday. for all of us at the pbs newsho great weekend.d have a >> major funding for the pbs newshour has been provided by: >> kevin. >> kevin! >> kevin. >> advice for life. life well-planned. learn more at raymondjames.com. consumer cellular. >> babbel. a language app that teaches real-life conversations in a new language, like spanish, french, german, italian, and more. al >> supporting soci entrepreneurs and their solutions to the world's most pressisk problems-- ollfoundation.org.
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>> the william and flora hewlett foundation. for more than 50 years, advancing ideas and ting institutions to promote a better world. at www.hewlett.org. >> and with the ongoing support of these institutions t and friends of newshour. >> this program was made possible by the corporation for public broadcasting. and by contributions to your pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc captioned ss media acroup at wgbh access.wgbh.org >> you're watching pbs.
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opportunities from housesing to full and a new book profiles women thatable shattered the glass ceiling. hel oo oand well doom kqed newsroom. we begin with tensei talks over igration and terrifes. president trump is threatening to hit mexican imports with tariffs as they announce that arrests at the border had surged to a ran the-year high. it's also the fourth straight month they've broken therarecord

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