tv PBS News Hour PBS June 10, 2019 6:00pm-7:01pm PDT
captioning sponsored by newshour productions, ll >> yang: good evening. i'm john yang. judy woodruff is away. on the "newshour" tonight, mexico begins to impment the immigration deal it made with the trump administration, but how much has really changed? we break down the agreement on its first day in effect. then amy walter and tamara keith bue here to analyze anothe weekend on the presidential campaign trail and congress's response to the mueller report. plus: stone by stone. with the memory of the fire that consumed paris's notre dame cathedral still fresh, stone masons work to repair the national cathedral in washington, d.c., damaged by an earthquake in 2011. >> you know it lasted only 58
seconds, and when it ended we just kind of started looking around and looking up. and seeing how things had rotated or fell, or were twisted, and it was just incredible. >> yang: all that and more on tonight's "pbs newshour." >> major funding for the pbs newshour has been provideby: >> babbel. a language app that aches real-life conversations in a new language, like spanish, french, german, italian, and more. >> consumer cellular. >> financial svices firm raymond james.> he william and flora hewlett foundation. for more than 50 years, advancing ideas and supporting instutions to promote a bett world. at www.hewlett.org.
>> and with the ongoing support of these institutions: and individuals. >> this program was made possible by the corporation for public broadcasting. and by contributions to your pbs station from viewers like you.u. thank >> yang: a top house democrat says the justice department agreed today to turn over some underl mueller report.m the house judiciary chairman jerry s nadls it includes files on whether president trump obstructed justice. attorney general wilarr had defied a subpoena for the full mueller report and evidence. today's agreement delays any house effort to hold him in criminal contempt. the justice department says it
will try to accommodate congre-- so long as barr is not cited for contempt. president trump today kept up his defense of a deal with mexico to curb illegal immigration to the united states. he said there is more to the agreement than has bn announced, but gave no details. he also warned he could still impose 5% tariffs if the mexican legislature rejects the deal. we'll take a closer look at what ss agreed to, after the n summary. the president is alsomo threatenin tariffs on china, if president xi jinping does not meet with him this month at the g-20 summit in japan. speaking with cnbc by phone, mr. trump said it's in xi's interest to get trade talks going again. and i'm for chin the u.s. so we're going to have our differences, but i think the differences can worked out very easily. i'd be surprised if he didn't go. i think he's going.ha n't heard that he's not. we're expected to meet. and if we do that's fine and if we don't that's fine. yang: in beijing, china foreign ministry said it is open
to more trade talks, but itof stopped shornnouncing any future meetings. and in hteg kong: the itory's leader carrie lam announced she is moving forwardl with to let some criminal suspects be sent to mainland chinto face trial. s at's despite mass protests. on sunday, hundr thousands of opponents of the proposal marched in one of hong kong's biggest demonstrations ever. they say the communist party uses the mainland courts to teosecute political dissidents. canadian prime minjustin trudeau announced plans today to ban single-uselastics as early as 2021. he said water bottles, plastic bags and straws could be put on the list in an effort to reduce pollution. trudeau also touted the economic benefits at a ws conference. >> by recycling or reusing these plastics, we can reducepo ution, generate billions of dollars in revenue, and create approximately 42,000 jobs across the country.
this is what it means to innovate for the future. protect the environment and grow the middle class. >> yang: the announcement comes after the european union parliament voted in march for a similar ban. a helicopter crash-landed on a skyscraper in new york today, killing the pilot and calling ua unpleant memories of 9/11. the crash shook the building an startebrief fire rescue vehicles swarmed the site as rainy skies clouded the smoking rooftop. e pilot was the only person aboard. officials said there was noca inon that terrorism was involved. former boston red sox great david ortiz is hospitalized after being shot in his native dominican public. the three-time world series winner, known affectionatelys "big papi," was attacked at a bar last night.er security cfootage appeared to show a gunman ambush ortiz from behind. it is unclear if he was the intended target. the alleged shooter is in
custody. ortiz is in stable condition ter undergoing surgery. u.s. customs and border protection reports a da breach that includes passport and visa photos. one of the agency's sub- contraors was hacked in late may. the attackers accessed images used at airports as part of a facial recognition program. officials aren't saying how many photos have been compromised. california may become the first state to pay health benefits fow somencome, undocumented migrants. leaders in the democrat-ed controtate legislature agreed sunday on adding that coverage to medicaid. officials estimate it will cover 90,000 people at a cost of $98 million dollars a year.e oposal is expected to pass the full legislature later this week. wall street's week started well after president trump called off new tariffs on mexico. cle dow jones industrial average gained 78 points te at 26,062.
the nasdaq rose 81 points. and the s&p 500 added 13. and on b of historic firsts at this ghar's tony awards. "hadestown" won awards, including best musical. it is the first mue cal winner toitten and directed by women. meanwhile, ali stroker won best featured actress in a musil, in the revival of "oklahoma!" stroker is the first actor in a wheelchair ever to take home a tony. >> this award is for every kid who is watching tonight who has a disability, who has a limitation or a challenge who has been waiting to see themselves represented in this arena. you are. >> yang: the tony for best play went to the irish family drama, "the ferryman." still to come on the "newshour," what esdohe deal between the trump administration a mexico mean for immigration to the u.s.?e
new twists in nancial scrutiny of the national rifle association. amy walter and tamara keith break down the latest campaign moves in the race for 2020. and much more. >> yang: after ten days of threats from president trump to levy tariffs on mexioducts because of migration into the unit states mr. trump announced friday night that a ofal had been struck to both stem the movemeneople, and avoid opening anher front in the trade war. but as nick schifrin tells us, the details are important-- and what happens now is open for interpretation. >> reporter: these are the images mexico wants the u.s. to see: mexican police detaining honduran immigrants, preventing themrom moving north to the u.s. mexico vows to accelerate the deployment of its naonal guard to cities and its southern
border. on its northern border, with the u.s., mexico promises to accept more central americans who applied for u.s. asylum-- and provide them with better shelter, food, and education than they currently receive. and mexico promises to betterce tracral americans currently waiting in long lines at mexican immigration offices, mexico's foreign secretary marcelo ebrard said today. >> ( translated ): we are goingt to am to register, and we will tell them what the options are. mexico cannot permit a flow of a llion and a half of people without knowing their names.si >> reporter: pnt trump told cnbc today the mexican moves could work. >> people frompeuatemala, the le from honduras and el salvador, in theory, if they do it right, they're not going to be able to get through. nobody's going to be able to get through. and then they're also going to protect our southern border. so it should have a big impact.: >> reportehe agreement was announced friday night, after a week of meetings and a presidential threat of escalating tariffs.
today president trump said those tariffs scared mexico into making concessions. >> this is something the u.s. has been trying to get for over 20 years with mexico. they've never been able to do it. as soon as i put tariffs on the table, it was,s done, it took two days. >> reporter: but mexico had already promised to tr central americans, deploy national guardsmen, and accept asylum seekers. on abc news, democratic esidential candidate bet o'rourke called the tariff threat counterproductive. >> they might have accelerated the timetable, but by and large, the president achieved nothing except to jeopardize the mostt importading relationship that united states of america his. >> reporter: but tafternoon, secretary of state mike pompeo said these agreements went further than mexican promises made last year. t scale, the effort, the commitment here is very different than what we were able to achieve back in december. rs reporter: to talk about that debate, and get a and look at the impact of these agreements, we turn to our ownaw
amna, who's in el paso, and journalist james fredrick, m who's based ico city and join us from mexico's southern rder, near guatamala. james james frederic, let me start with yu, the steps mexico promised, ac kell rating ployment of the national guard, taking in asylum see, are the steps new? >> they're ramping up what b mexicon doing for the last few years. this is not a brand-new thing for mexico to be detaining and deporting migrants but it feels like am rapup. for the nawrksd what mexico said is it's going to send it to the actual border with guatemala which, when i was there sterday, was totally open, migrants crossed totay freely and that would be new if mexico
imports e border as well. on highways is where it usually tries to catch migrants traveling in buses. > the highway checkpoints were sporadic two years ago. are there signs mexico is stepping up theck cheints and taking steps to impact the structural problems of migration? >> you can definitely see more teckpoints no nowadays. there's a lot moan when you and i were working together here. so you can feel that difference. you know, strt'ucturally, hard to tell us if anything is really going to change heree, becas we've seen many times, when you put authorities out on highways, that just means most migrants go and they walk in more rural aremaas. are getting back on the freight traincalled la bestia to try to get mother. so there's more enforcement, bul that's notar whether that will just mush migrants further
actuallyether that's going to stop people from getting to the u.s. >> amna, one to have the major attempts by mexico, they say they're going to trto take in mormore asylum seekers tht get o the u.s. and come back into mexico, offer them food, education, shelter. this is something mexico already promised. is there any sign you've seen that mexico has been doins and is capable of doing this? >> so far, we visited a couple of shelters that cropped up to try to take in some of those migrants who have been sent back by the u.s. across legal ports of entry like this one hind me. unequivocally, i say the answer is. no there's not much that th mexican government has been doing so far, that program that sends people back from e u.s. has been in place for months here in el paso is now going to be spread across the souern border. but there aren't the resources to be able to provide those kinds o services to thse migrants. these towns on the mexican side towns, border, the borde are being similarly overwhelmed.
here on the el paso side in juarez, they have about 1,000 people they did not expect to be using. the shelters i visited asked the federal government for whatever help they can get. some said so far, over the last few months, they've only received two food shipments. that's it that's the only assistance they've gotten from the mexicanvernment. otherwise, they've relied on thn mexican gont to pay the electricity bill. they are off and so far thegh are not on. so far we have not seen resources from the mexan government in any organized way. we'll have to wait and see. >> you're talking to a lot of central americans who are moving north or trying to get to the u.s. any sign thse agreements will change that they're thinking, perhaps even reduce the likelihood of their moving north? >> we talked to a couple ofe people in the shelters, folks who either had been told to wait their turn in line, meaning the they tried to cross, got told
the u.s. port of entry was full, go back and come back. people are waiting seeral months just for the first chance to go into the ports of entry. we've also talked to people being sent back to mexico. they crossed, apprehended on th u.s. side, and were sent back and wait ago court date. most people said they'll wait as long as they need to, but immigration advocates, folks tracking this thing especially on the mexican side of forward toker, say they worry the families, a lot of them, because they are so december 3r59, because they don't hhe means to spend months at a time in limbo many jurez and other towns on the mexican sae waiting, tt they will be incentivized to proses illegally. they have a lot of contacts waiting in forward toker towns to prey on these people. >> immigration officials say there is more in this agreement than has been made pubu.lic. ths. has been pushing for mexico to become a zz three
country, meaning they would have to take in all asylum seekers regardless of where they're from. mexico was risting that and now is considering that msition. ican officials have not said anything to that effect yet. the main thing to say aout that is echoing what amna is saying on the u.s.-mexican border is here on the guatemala-mexico errder is there are tons of people, central ans as well as africans and hatians i've met here, are trying toas apply foum in mexico. mexico's refugees agency only has a budget of $1.2 million and expects it to receive 60,000 asylum seekers this year. so, again, without the resources, it's impossible that mexi could reay take in people who are fleeing the countrfrom persecution. >> you have been to that border so often, you've talked to so many pple on both sides you know so much about this issue. the challenge that james just described, are you see ago
fundental shift or anything at all in those trends? >> over time there are historically seasonal changes. tas the summer gets horse, the numbers could dip a bit, bufor all of the conversation around poll factors -- we talk about ethis in washington and u.s. we need to change asylum laws and other sructural things ned to change so people aren'tnt inized to come -- there's not enough conversation around the push factors, the things forcing theme to leave the three central american countries in first place. there's consensus of people we talk to in el paso, unless the ro causes are addressed, things won't change soon. >> amna nawaz in mexico, james frederick, joining us on the guatemala-max can borr. thank you so much. >> yang: the powerful national
rifle as scrutiny on multiple fronts. today, the "washington post"t reported tarly a quarter of the n.r.a.'s board of directors have received payments from the group in recent years. sometimes totaling hundreds of thousands.th is no top of disclosure of lavish spending by n.r.a. c.e.o., wayne lapierre, a new york attorney generaquiry into the lobbying group, and calls by democratic lawmakers or an investigation. carol leonnig is othe "washington post" investigative reporters looking into the n.r.a. carol, thanks so much for joining us. you looked at a lot of tax records, state charitable reports, and other documents. what did you fin tell us about this spending being directed toward members of the board. >> what we've found was that a large number, quite a large number, 18 out of 76 board members, were engaged in some sort of side deal, a financial
transaction, an agreement that they were benefiting financially from an agreement that the n.r.a. made maybe with a vendor, maybe with a commission, neighbor with a payment forng lobbervices. some of these payments were not that much. some of them were quite considerable. and it was striking us to because we wanted to understand how good the n.r.a. bod is in governing this charity, which has, you know, a special tax status. in looking at their corporate governance, this questio arose, if so many of them are receiving paymentsr financial benefits via the n.r.a., how well are they looking after the n.r.a.'s spending, which is what the board'purpose i? >> we asked the n.r.a. about this, and they gave us a statement. they said, we belie the peace provides a distorted view of the n.r.a.'s arrangements relating to our board members or the
companies they represent. that said, "the washington posto concede that independent experts did not see any violations of t law, and they note that the n.r.a. properly disclosed any payments that were made. borrow ng from the.r.a. statement here, that said, you also talked to a number ofwy s who raised questions about these payments. >> yes. lawyers who look particularly at charity law, the law that governs these kinds of groups that don't have to pay taxes. they said they had never seen anything like this before, for this volume or this pattern ofar members to have this kind of financial stake, essentially, in the n.r.'ending in busineta. what's imp about this at this moment, john is that, as you know, and as i'm sure many of your viewers knw, the n.a. is in the middle of an horrific family feud. e leadership, now run by wai
lapierre and has been run by wayne lapierre for at least a couple of decades, is under nascrutiny for lavish, per spending. the question becomes is the board really exercising conol over that kind of spending, for suits, for travel, for a high fa ting, you know, private jets to the bahamas, to budapest, is the board looking out for the members who are paying their dues, or is it really doing hhings that benefit specific individuals andir lifestyle. >> the new york attorney general's office is looking into a lot of things, some of the things that you report this morning. the other spending that you just hentioned. what are some of ossible outcomes of that investigation? >> the new york attorney general's investigation is rightly and squarely focused, at the moment anyway, on whether or not this entity is -- really
deserves its tax exempt status. you know,eyhe new york atto general famously ran, campaigned on the promise that she would ok into the n.r.a.'s ta status and whether they were rightfully a charity as defined by the law. what could happen ithat the investigators determine that the bers interests of the mem are not being served by this charity. we are told by sources that there is a lot of concern about whether or note se financial transactions were allowed for years to go on und unreported to the rest of the borksd and whether that was real en and whether or not it was legal to have many of theseem agts sort of retroactively approved in recent months, which is somethi that we have heard the n.r.a. has been doing in anticipation ofhis investigation.
>> yang: you talk about serving the interests of the n.r.a. me ters. you sposome of them. what were their reactions tthe things that you found? >> you be, that is such an interesting moment for us. i have interviewed many n.r.a. board members andust regular dues-paying members in the past, and, usually, they are in shared refense of their organization, almost like theonstantly at war with anybody who critiques or questions the n.r.a.'s motives and goals. but something is anging in the ground right now because those members are telling us they are worried about cronyism, thatou misspending, a you know, buying a $50 friends of the n.r.a. raffle ticket to help support the cause of the second amendment, and learning that wayne lapierre had suits that were $3,000 and $4,000 apiece, trips on private jets with his family, an ex pent account that paid for hairdressing and
stylists. these members are very concerned about what's behind the curtain, and i'm struck by how much that has changed, how much that tone is a shift from prior years. >> carol leonnig of "the washington post," thank you very coch. >> orse. >> yang: stay with us. coming up on the "newshour," mothers of the victims of violt crime offer prisoners serving life sentences a message of redemption. high expectations and a lawsuit over pay equity-- the women's world cup begins plus, the painstaking process of repairing a gothic cathedral. with eight months before the first in the nation iowa caucuses, the largest group of presidential hopefuls descended on the hawkeye state this weekend. as lisa desjardins reports, this will be a decisive week in the 2020 campaign.
>> reporter: in iowa this weekend, a shift into high gear. the campaign signs, the colors, the chants, all of it cresting-- and competing-- in cedar rapids. >> j.k.d. is the candidate for me! reporter: 19 presidential candidates were there for the state democratic party hall of fame dinner-- but first, theyd facef in mini-rallies outside. new jersey senator cory booker: >> we've got the determination, we have the love that it takesin tohe nomination and beat donald trump! >> reporter: it was a fight for visuals. south bend indiana mayor pete t buttigieg play keyboard, many campaigns battled o social media to prove they are organized and, above all, exted. >> i-o-w-a! elizabeth warren all the way! >> reporter: inside the dinner, the long line of candidates was chlimited to five minutes some, like california senator kamala harris, came with a broad campaign message.
>> i am here to ask for your support, because i am re to make the case for america, and to prosecu the case against donald trump. >> reporter: others focused on a lisingle, signature issues washington governor jay inslee: >> we need to stand up to defeat climate change. we nd to save our kids from the threat of asthma. we gotta save our farmers from the floods. iowa is on the front line of disaster. and it is on the cutting edge of technology. >> reporter: for montana governor ste bullock, it was campaign finance. >> in this post-citizens united world, where money equals speech, corporations have the same right as people. until we address the fact that the rules are now written for the people with the t checkbooks, we're not going to solve any of the problems we've heard about. >> reporter: this week, the whole field is steaming toward other landmark, when democrats determine out which of the 23 caiaidates have met the crit for the party's first presidential debates.id three caes: bullock, plus miramar florida mayor wayne
messam and massschusetts congn seth moulton, are still in doubt. they have not polledr ighly enoughised enough money. this as iowa democrats seem to s.see the field in two gro a new iowa poll fr m cnn, the "dnes register" and "mediacom," found five candidatesoaking up the most support. former vice president joe biden, vermont senator beie sanders and massachusetts senator elizabeth warren, plus buttigieg and harris. everyone else is at 2% or below. two other notae findings from this poll of iowa democrats: a25 sizable chunk-- say a candidate being white would bedv more of antage against president trump in a general election match up. and 19% say a candidate being ao woman uld be more of a. disadvanta one of the few candidates missing from last weekend's iowa action? biden. he was attending his granddaughter's high school graduation, but he and president trump will be back in the
hawkeye state, tomorrow. for the "pbs newshour," i'm lisa desjardins. >> yang: and now politics monday with amy walter of the "cook political report" and host of "the politics with amy walter" podcast from w-nyc. and tamara keith from npr.e lso co-hosts the "npr politics podcast." y, tam, welcome tam, let me start with you. lisa told us in the report thegs findrom the iowa poll where you have two groupings, four candidates in double digit and then a big dropoff, is thata likely to be tt -- have we already divided this field up? ti>> the inter thing is that some of the candidates who are in the 1% and 2% were higher up in people's minds and in voters minds a few months ago. ha amonghe top five -- like if you add kamalris into the group that includes pete
buttigieg, joe biden, elizabeth warren and bernie sandersfi you dig into this poll a little bit deeper and you look at who is a second coice, who is actively being considered, then even though kamala harris is only at 7% of the max -- in sort of the main poll, if you add those others items in, she moves up and she's part of that group, thand it really sayat there are a lot of second choices, there are a lot of people considering a lot of others, and that a lot of movement could still hap ipen. th definitely not loc in. >> yang: second is the iowa caucus is important because if a candidate doesn't get enough to cross a threshold they regroup and choose others. democratic ccus gores i iowa are asked where certain characteriics would be an vantage or disadvantage.
a candidate over age 70 is said to be a diadvantage -- of course, donald trump is in his 70s -- but of the three top people in the poll, look at thr ages on election day. >> speaks to tam's point that this is still a very fluid field and a majority of the top few candidates, the majority of voters are sayiing they'reing attentiono the candidates. 50%, 60% of voters are saying i'm putting them in mind as to a potential person i could vote for. also these voters are super crowds pressured because not only do they believe being over 70 is not an asset against donald trump, but the number one advantage they see in a candide to go up against donald trump, having experience in washington, which all three of those, certainly the vice president possesses that much more than the other
candidates. the other thing really interesting in termsf theoll that other assets democrats are looking for is finding the candidate that is best suited or best able to beat donald trump is more important to thenm tha finding a candidate who alliance with their views or ideology. so once again, it's the battle over who's the most ere which is only way we're going to find out who is the most evectable is who wins iowa is going to set the table for who the most electable is. >> yang: there was also in that poll sort of the age and experience, of cou to joe biden, but are there danger signs or other warning signs in that poll for joe biden? >> i was actually looking at s bernders and warning signs for him because he, you know, last time arund and earlier, there was a big space between bernie sanders and the next tier of canodidates and,, bernie
sanders is basically in a lock with my pete buttigieg of seuth bed, indiana, and senator warren, andnator warren talks about some of the main themes in the same wabernie sanders does. interesting lyrics podge is trying to -- pete buttigieg ise trying to be mf a middle of the road democrat in the samewa joe biden does without the less tor picleackage. >> ten enthusiasm for biden among democrats as it is for the other democrats in the race. so voters are saying, yea votinvoting for him, but they'rt as enthuse yagsic about -- an enthusiastic about supporting him as other democrats support other people in this race. it's important we understad where thise starts and as we're watching it move forward, and tam makes a good point which is fluiditof this.
but it confirms things we're saying about iowa, voters are cking the tires, interested in knowing who these people, are they want to find an electable candidate, and they're open to a whole bunch of different kinds of candidates who don't necessarily fit one distinctca ideoloprofile. >> moving to their activity on investigations of at deal withump the justice department to get evidence sent to congress. there was a hearing, a house judiciary committee meeting today. there was an npr marist poll asking democrats whether impeachment should start, very divided.ve divided in the howssments what's this say about how the democrats in washington proceed? >> they're trying to have it both ways, whichs what today was about, which is showing 36% who want to start imeachment
meoceedings said, look, we are holding the depa of justice accountable because we threatened to subpoena the oattorney general, we gt these documents. we're going to hold hearings. we will be able to show america what was in the mueller report. for those people who say i really don't want to start impeachment hearings, they're not impeachment hearings. we're just askingns quest we're just getting documents, right? everybody gets what they wnt also notable in the iowa polls, iowa democrats who ar also pretty generally a pretty liberal group, also eve divided. >> that's absolutely it. and today's hearing, which included cable news fixtures coming to provide testimony that was not unlike what they provide on cable news on a regular basis is unlikely to change anyson mind. >> right. if you are a democratic house member who is in aurple district, you're not going to watch that hearing and say, oh
might gosh, i need to change mye position and wd to move forward with impeachment today because these people who say it all the time said it again today in a house hearing. the indication how this is probably not moving anyone, today cnn moved away from the hearing as the hearing w happening very quickly because there was a helicopter wash in new york city gad that e wall-to-wall coverage. now, if there were a real impeachment hearing, that would have the wall-to-wall coverage, the helicopter crash probably wouldn't pull people away from it. >it. >> yang: that has to be the last word. thank you. >> you're welcome. >> yang: how do you find hope aftea horrendous crime? as maya trablusi of public media station kpbs in san dieg us, a group of mothers who lost children to murder, have a messagfor inmates in prison
for committing violent crimes. >>steporter: bevelynn bravo her 21-year-old son seven years ago. killed as he walked out of a friend's house in the city heights neighborhood of san diego. >> this is where my, my son is buried. >> reporter: her pain as raw now as it was then and during the five years she spent in court until two men were finally convicted of his murder. i went into court crying for the son that i had lost, and i left that courtroom crying fore ung people that decided to take my son's life. >> reporter: she used her own tragic story to effect change. together with other moms of murdered sons and daughters, she formed a group called "mothers with a message." >> it's a mother's pain. we carry our child for nine nths and when that child is taken at whatever age that may be, something inside of you dies. >> reporter: the women took their grief into the community,
hoping to divert teenagers away from crime before more murders took place, but also after-- within the correctional syst itself. >> the reason we are here is so that we can share our stories. and by sharing we begin to understand each other, and by understanding each other we begin to heal. >> reporter: on a recent visit to centinela state pson, the mothers with a message spoke with inmates, some of whom have maen in prison since they were teenagers, and somnever be eligible for parole. jason hernandez serving a sentence of 84 years to life. >> i'm sorry. sorry.do n't cover it. sorry. sorry. rdto a lot of people is a nd it doesn't cover the pain. how do you, how do you give a mom, her child bk? you can't. how do you give the children their dad back? you can't. >> reporter: antonio cruz has been in prison since he was 16. >> i love this class. i know i owe them more than an apology.
i owe them my life. i regret ever making such decision that took what was to me a gang member, was a son to his mother, was an uncle. >> reporter: the workshops led by mothers with a tsssage reach e prison walls, too. >> hi, i'm former u. world skateboard champion, dennis martinez. i lost everything. >> reporter: dennis martinezif turned aof drug addiction into prison ministry. >> i don't care if they're blasted with tattoos, or whatever crime they've g mmitted, if they're will change, i was willing to work with them. >> reporter: once he heard ahe mothers wiessage story he knew he could use it to help offenders entering back into society. >> when you go to prison your son, your wife p goes to prison, your kids go to prison. >> reporter: he runs a faith- based resintial treatment facility, called training center in san diego, designed to help transition men bacto life on the outside. >> you can never go back in time
and chhat took place, but you just sure darn can change this moment right now and move forward to make sure that it never happens again. and that's my job is to get these guys prepared to come out. and so i need e right tools to accomplish this. so i'm going to, i need the shotgun blast. and the mothers with a message is my shotgun blast.♪ ♪ ♪ >> reporter: matthew conant was 19 when he entered the prison system. >> i shot and killed somebody. i was arrested, convicted, and sent to prison on a 20 to life sentence. >> reporter: he served 25 years, mostly in maximum security lyfacilities, before final earning parole. but he says it took most of that time, and a long list of behavioral infractions, beforehi he would changs mentality, never expecting to be released. he says the mothers, and theirly message, finive him a vicarious look at his own victim's family.
>> and if you're any bit of a human being or have any humanity left in you, when you hear their story, youan't help but realize what you did and, and despise what youid. so the class is priceles ♪ ♪ >> reporter: now as a free man, conant, also known by the rapper name "emcy," joins martinez inside the prisons and at e training center testifying to other prisoners how he was rehabilitated from the inside, before he was let out. living evidence of the impact of a mother's message. i thought i was going there to see what i could give them, but they actually did sometr ng , because my heart was in a lot of pain, and they offered me a little bit of peace.
>> reporter: for the pbs newshour, i'm maya ti in san diego. om >> yang: the's world cup kicked off in paris this weekend o d once again, as lisa desjardins is backlls us, the americans are a favorite to win it all. >> reporter: the u.s. team takes the field tomorrow against thailand in its opening match, with high hopes of hoisting the cup about a month erom now. the ans have won three world cups since the women's competition first began in the '90s. but thcompetition may be closing in. france, england and germany are all considered threats. for the u.s., there's also a most unusual backdrop. members of t team sued the u.s. soccer federation this spring over longstanding allegations of gender discrimination and violations o ual pay act. to help unpack all of this, i'm joined by christine brennan, a sportswriter and sports columnist for "usa today."
welcome. >> thanks, lisa, great to be here. >> let's start with the world cup. >> yeah. the u.s. team has dominated since there were rankings at all. what are thr strengths and possible vulnerabilities this year? >> this is a veteran team. i think for every viewer who remembers brandy chastain going back 20 years now, mia hamm, this is the next genneration, they are strong, and they're ranked number one in the world, anand they should win the world cup. not saying they . competition, it's the greatest day in women's cork today unt tomorrow, in terms of the level of play, and that's around the world, not just the u.s this is a veteran team, 12 returning players fre 2015 team that won the world cup in canada. althe names arex morgan, megan rapino. yothave carly lloyd ther of the 2015 team. megan rapino took a knee in
support of colin kaepernick in one game. you ha someone who is socially active. she is an out adhlete a the first openly gay athlete to be on the cover of "sports illustrated" in the swimsuit issue. so you have story linles gaore. >> who's the biggest computation? >> without a doubt, france. lots of hosts. lots of pressure on them. they've never gotten to a level where they wod win a world cup or an olympic. if the u.s. and france does what they're supposed to they'll meet in the quarter finals. >> what i love about tis team, they can strike from upclose and crazy far awy, lie the middle of the field. i'll put in a word for my favorite number 9 lindsey haran, whom i'm watching. tell us about the cultural story. it is entire team headed to u.s. soccer saying th not given the same treatment or pay as the men. in some cases they say half the pay yet they plmore games.is
>> right, is a story line e si99, because after they won the cup, all the way back years ago, but then, in a few months, they were striking and is has been aonstant battle with their fed ration over travel conditions, over pay conditions, over the opportunity to market themselves, and missed opportunities galore. >> and sometimes they were a playing on n good turf, astroturf. four years ago, absolutely. in canada, the men would never play on arificial turf, a the women were forced to. you can get more inuries and a tougher surface to play on. women have been second class citizens in soccer from the get-go. right now they're busy focusing on soccer but when they get back the question about gender equitc is going to keming up and the gap is extraordinary between what the men and the women mak ound the world and, of course, the u.s. men are nowhere near as
good or obviously winning as many titles as the women are. >> u.s. soccer said ese are different groups of players with different contracts and doing different jobs. the men say that's not the truth, they're doing the same job and sometimes worki harder. sometimes you hear u.s. sockers officials say, listen, women do not bring as much revenue in and that's why they're not gettingh. paid as mu how do you see that that the? >> what the women say in returnt is they're netting the opportunities, the federal regulation is not marketing them and not thinking of ways mato et them. so if you're not marketing them, then you may not be making theme ind of money. certainly worldwide soccer is last bastion of male supremacy, and the engrained sexism andn misogynyropean soccer, in south american soccer is extraordinary, and that's the world the u.s. federation is in. they've done some good things, but since they're in u.s. and getting the kind of scrutiny
they should get and an american audience demands especially in regards how we treat our daughters and siste as they grow up and that's the reason for the conversation, but this is a team that wins and wins all the time and that should be smrks i think in this conversation >> christine brennan, always good to have you here. and we'll watch another u.s. team that could make history on a few levels. thanks. >> thanks, lisa. >> yang: washington national cathedral has received $22 million in donations to open "the cathedral college of faith and culture," focusing on topics ranging from ethics in politics to liturgical art to training clergy.th emphasis on culture as well as religion is also seen in the work to repairing damage caused by a 2011 earthquake. jeffrey brown visited to see what lessons there mfor the reconstruction teams at notre dame in paris, and what
those at america's second largest church may glean from the paris rebuilding as well. this story is part of our ongoing coverage of artsnvnd culture, "." >> reporter: april 15, the world watched as fire ravaged the roman catholic gothic cathedral of notre dame inaris. in washington, d.c., that y, the head of one of this country's largest cathedrals, was heartbroken. >> i emerged from a meeting ande i lly had to stop and catch my breath, and say a prayer right at that moment, because i know how devastating it was for us with this earthquake, and to see the flames shooting up the spire ofa notr... unbelievable. >> reporter: the very reverend randy hollerith is dean of the washingtonational cathedral, the seat of the episcopal church loin america as well as thl diocese.ed the cal, begun in 1907 and built over 83 years, is a toddler by the standards of the 850-year-old notre dame.
it's made of indiana limestone, in a 14th century english gothic style. and for decades, it's been an inspiring house of worship and of civic engagement: this is where state funerals have beenre held fordents: dwight d. eisenhower, ronald reagan, gerald ford and george h.w. bush th past december. t 5.8 magnitude earth earthquake outside washington, d.c. today -- >> but on august 23, 2011, a rare earthquake hit the but on august 23, 2011, rare earthquake hit the nation's capital. it was relatively small, but extensive damage to thi historic structure. >> it was insane that day. we were luckily on the ground working and all of a sudden i
heard what i thought were explosions. >> reporter: joe alonso is head stone mason here, part of th team that set about assessing damage-- what he calls "masonry triage." it lasted only 58 seconds and when it ended weust kind of started looking around and looking up at the towers, at the pinnacles and seeing how things had rotated or fell, or were twisted. it was just incredible. >> reporter: no one was injured that day, and the cathedral was reopened to the public within three months. nearly eight years later, the progress is evident: pinnacles on the "west towers"ave been restored. near the rose window in the nave, the ceiling has been" repointe-- patching all the stones which had shaken loose from the upheaval. in the "yard"the side of the cathedral, reconstructed grotesques, wait to be reinstalled-- once more funds are raised. p heads ofphets are intact in some places, still missing in others.
and signs of the trauma remain. alonso showed us a part of the cathedral's "south choir." >> look at these three pinnacles in a row. the big one here in the foreground? it's in good shape. you get e xt one, you notice how it's rotated? it's like a giant hand were to take it and twist it like that.r >> rr: wow. >> you can see it's rotated several degrees and the top finial is cracked. and then the one beyond it, we had to remove with a large crane, the top six-aalf foot tall section had shaken and kind of shimmied over, almost to the tipping point. >> reporter: the national cathedral is one of the few still have its own stone carving workshop. we watched veteran carvers andy uhl and shawn callahan work, using air hammers with chisels-- a modern adaptation of ancient aditions. and tradition is big here. these and other artisans began as apprentices under vincent palumbo, a fifth generation
italian craftsman who served as master carver at the cathedral. he died in 2000. on this day, shawn callahan was sculpting a limestone copy of a finial that had fallen in the earthquake and was damaged beyond repair. s will take about two monto do, he said, as he studies the wo of an earlier carver. >> i'm trying to copy his very distinct way he did the veining, how deep the undulations are. what's interesting now is trying to figure out oldemethods and what, older approaches i should say, because the method's are pretty similar, but rying to decipher what other people did and the way they did things. it's always fun to start a new piece and before it's taken shape and seeing the shape come out, seeing it emerge. just creating something out of a raw stone and just seeing it emerge is what motivates me. >> reporter: more cutting edge u technologies ad in nearby northern virginia, where mike kennedy takes 3d scans of maged works... to then c stone renderings which serve ase
guides fortone carvers back at the cathedral. so 900 scans of the actual building were done in 2014 to provide a blueprint should another disaster strike. overseeing all the repair and preservation work is jim shepherd, the cathedral's chief architect. the fire at notre dame hit close to home.we >> wheut our building together, we had brick and stone, so similar them. t then we also had the steelur inoof structure. but they had a whole forest of historic ancient oak in their attic... >> reporter: a kind of wake-up call? >> yeah, and how much we have to invest in this to make sure our building is safe and the people are safe in it. >> reporter: officials estimate totasts of $34 million, of which $15 rallion has been ed and spent on repairs to date. it's a tiny m compared to notre dame's needs, but it doesn't come easil even small donations are
welcome. a giant lego reproductn is in process as visitors help" rebuild" by buying brick ultimately some half million pieces will be involved in this largest-ever lego cathedral--and hopefully up to $1 mil raised. dean hollerith said he was heartened to see the enormous funding pledges pouring in into paris, nearly a billion dollars. but he also not surprised by tha ba from those who argue the money should go first to people in real need. >> we've tried to stay very balanced as we look at our own repairs. we raise money to repair the cathedral and at the same time we're also trying to make sure that we're raising money that we need to do the mission and ministry that we need. so that we are active in the community. so that we are caring for the sick and the needy. >> reporter: as the work continues on the building, the cathedral community will watch carefully the restoration of notre dame) (bel
showing solidarity recently with the tolling of its bells along with churches and cathedrals around the world. for the pbs newshour, i'mre jebrown at the washington national cathedral. >> yang: the cathedral staff sent a hand-carved finial aboard air force one last week to the french government as part of the 75u.s. commemoration of th anniversary of d-day. ht "newshour" for ton on tuesday, breaking down barriers. we high light a push to combat adult ill literacy. i'm john yang, joining us online and again here tomorrow evening. for all of us at the "pbs newshour," thanks. see you soon. >> major funding for the pbs newshour has been provided by: >> babbel. a language app that teaches
real-life conversations in a new language, like spanish, french, german, italian, and more. >> consumer cellular. >> financial services firm raymond james. >> and by the alfred p. sloan foundation. supporting science, technology, and improved economic performance and financ literacy in the 21st century. rted by the john d. and catherine t. macarthur foundation. committed to building a more just, verdant and peaceful world. a more informatimacfound.org or and with the ongoing su of these institutions s >> this program de possible by the corporation forb publadcasting. and by contributions to your pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc
♪ ♪ ♪ -today on julia and bridget share the secrets to pfect boston cream pie, adam shows julia his top pick for silicone spatulas, and erin makes bridget foolproof chocolate sheet cake. it's all coming up right here on "america's test kitchen." "america's test kitchen" is brought to you by the following.