tv BBC World News America PBS June 11, 2019 2:30pm-3:00pm PDT
woman: this is "bbc world news america." is made possible by... the freeman foundation; by judy and peter blum-kovler foundati, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs; and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. laura: this is "bbc world news america." reporting from washington, i am laura trevelyan.
president trump and democratic front runner joe biden take the politittle to iowa, trading barbs with months to go until vote have their say. california's wine country is feeling the fallout of america's trade war with china.ar vineyards e bracing for what comes next. >> we have gone to china and we see that the market is interested in our wine, and then avwe hone more round of the stupid tariffs. laura: plus, on a small portuguese island, cars are being used to store power for the future. it could be the start of a global trend. process, and todayt laura: him to our viewers on pbs here in america and aroun the the state of iowa has a supersized role in america's
political process, and today president trump and former vice president joe biden were baling out there. there were not on the same stage, but they were trading insults across the farmland. here was mr. biden going after the current president. mr. biden: this is a guy who does everything to separate and frighten people. it is about fear and loathing. it is about what he calls ople, the names he calls them. no president has done something like that, for god's sake. rre, and it'sbi damaging. and he has generally -- i think he is genuinely a threat to our core values. laura: before he took off, here is what the president had to say about joe biden. pres. trump: no, i would rather run against, i think, biden than anybody. i think he is the weakest mentally, and i like to run ainst people that are weak mentally. joe is the weakest up here. the other ones have much more i don't agree with their policies, b i call him 1% joe
because until obama came along he didn't do very well. laura: for more on what the people of iowa are i spoke to ann selzer, one of the top pollsters in the state. how engaged are voters in the state? ann: you know, one of the things that is really striking in there nt poll that we took over the weekend is how excited the caucus-going population is. we are seeing a lot of enthusiasm, a lot of peoplehe sayingare very interested, and it is very early at this stage of the game for such a large percentage of likely caucus-goers ttell us they are definitely planning to attend. we also take them -- they say that they will probably attend. we are seeing a very strongfi number of te attenders, and that says people are paying attention and are committing to go to caucus. laura: you have been polling likely democrativoters. what kind of traits are they looking for in their candidates? ann: there is a very interesting
finding in our dat-- when we asked them what ianmore impo a candidate who can defeat donald trump or someone who shares your values and stands on issues, by 2-1 they eawant someone who can def donald trump. t but when we gim a list of seven traits, saying tell me which one or two are most important, at the top is integrity and intelligence, and electability is farther down the list. the way i read that is they wann to defeat prestrump, but their preferred armament, their preferred artillery to do that, is integrity and intelligence. laura: what about the issues, ann? what are the issues that are really important to thrs you have been polling?as ann: wd about several issues and asked if they were a must-have for you to support a candidate, and three were must-havto at least a majority. one was a woman's right to choose an abortion. the second was that the
candidate unrstands climate change to be an existential threat to humanity. and the third was to restore the ban on assault weapons. those three were the most important of all. laura: how strong do you think joe biden's lead is when you drill down into the data? ann: first of all, he does not have that big a lead. it is a matter of a handful of points. ree candidates are clustered together wrestling for second place. acen you look below the su there is an enthusiasm gap. among people who say joe biden is their first choice, 29% say they are extremely enthusiastic. if you add the other contenders , their supporters, 43%, far more saying they are extremely enthusiastic.k i the biden in iowa has a lot to prove, a lot of ground to
make up, really. he is first place for now, but there is softness.a: lahere you go. ann selzer, thank you so much for joining us. ann: my pleasure. laura: among the attacks joe biden made today is that tariffs are having a devastating impact on american farmers and consumers. uscalifornia's wine iy is one of those being hit hard. president trump says he is goinr to make t deal with china or no deal at all, butli rnia vineyards have seen their sales to china fall and many are worried about the future. the bbc's sophie long reports. sophie: the lush landscape of focaia's wine country. across this fertile land concern is growing, as familyth businesses feeimpact ofio the tebetween the world's two biggest economies. >> right here you guys wl see uvingon blanc planted in 1999. sophie: i joined an ecoour at
the vineyard. customers learn aboute sustainablnemaking. it is a crucial source of income for third-generation producers. the business with china has collapsed completely. >> our china business has gone to zero. the top ye and now we are back down to zero. over 10 years it has gone up and then down. >> a bottle that used to costth $100 oshelf now costs di00, and that is not for any fault or anythinerent we are doing. >> we have gone to china a t we see th market is interested in our wine, and then you hit one more round of these they are -- one more round of these stup tariffs. ey're impacting us for no reason. sophie: china is the fastest-growing and will more likely become the largest wine market in the world. reanwhile, sales at home a declining which is starting to rattle nerves.wi
the olde-loving generation are retiring, and millennials seem to prefer spirits or recently legalized marijuana. chother layer of tariffs is another unwelcomlenge. >> the first time around it was like, oh, my god, what are we going to do? the second time is i think we have been here. the third time this is just piling on. you can't get deeper than that. sophie: youhink of where the china market is at, a growing middle class and people buying t wit have not been there before. that is the time you need to be there, right? >> exactly. now is the time weant to be ere. i will be going this fall andco kind oinue to bang the drum about california wine. >> we have delivered about 60 to cities tin chinaoday.so ie: it is not just producers who are feeling the pinch. gliding eagle ships california wine directly to consumers. their business model is not directly impacted by th tariffs may yet their sales in china
have dropped 16%. >>he bottom line is the sentiment of beijing telling people in china not to visit the united states, not to buy u.s. parks, that hurts more than thea dutiesnd taxes increase themselves. sophie: the grt hope here is that an agreement will be reached that will erase the tariffs that existed in the first place. with producers could end up winners in the trade war. they say as californians theyg think d they are confident that will carry them through. >> it's part of oueanature to bigger, to be freethinkers. we apply that to winegrowing and winemaking, and what comes out of it is this incredibly rich and exciting we industry. we rise to that challenge. that is part of what keeps usfo going ard. sophie: president nixon helped put napa wine on the world map when a toast to peace with china. those who work in the valley's
vineyards hope president trump wi do similar, and soon. sophie long, bbc news, california. laura: for more on the tarf fallout and the political deadlock on capitol hill, i spoke with republican strategt ron bonjea as you saw, these california wine expor trouble with the market in china becae of the president' tariffs and retaliation. is the president right to stand firm with the trade war? luron: i think his base ably wants him to stand firm. republicans who voted for him in the last election wanted to hiange the way things are done, and they feel that has taken advantage of the united states and he wants a level playing field. i ge h wis fighting for that, and there is obviously going to be issues with that war. you are going to have casualties on both sides. the key is to make sure you have some type of resolution on what happens before 2020 really kicks in. he needs a win just like he is winning in mexico.
laura: the president is threatening to impose en more tariffs on china if he doesn't get what he wants out of the talks with beijing. at what point does the cost become too much, as you say, with 2020 looming? ron: we will have to see. look at the leverage he put on mexico, and they caved within a week. china is a different and complex country in terms of the amount of trade we do. but we also do with feelings of -- we also deal with billions of .llars of trade with mexi trump looks at it, the more leverage he can put on -- the more he can put on the country regarding tariffs, the more leverage he is going to have in negotiations. i don't think china wants to go this far either. they will want it out at some point. laura: turning to cahill, today there was a vote in the house to make it easier to take the white house to court to get ahold of these documents that democrats want oquthe mueller y. isn't it just total deadlock in congress right now?
ron: it is, and that is not good for congress. democrats took representatives and they promised to bring change the way they see fit. instead they turn this into an investigative machine against the president and that plays right into tmps hands. is thriving on these investigations and passage of votes because he iable to play it off as it is a conspiracy, that the deep state is to take him down. t s voters love that he is hitting the wayat. laura: but the president also said he was a deal maker and that he was going to be someoner who coulk the deadlock. doesn't this just show he is a politician like everyone else? ron: but when you see wins like the war -- potential trade war with mexico, when you sea win like that, you think that he is atting points on the board, while nancy pelo the democrats are passing bills out of the house few and far between that languish in the senate. he has offered to do deals with them if they would drop their investigations, and they haven't thus far yet. she has a very liberal wing toas
ap laura: ron bonjean, thank you so much for that analysis. ron: thank you. laa: was kim jong-un's half-brother a cia informant? that is the question being asked after two reports suggest that may be the case. today present trump commented on the news while talking about his ongoing correspondence with kim jong-un. pres. trump: i see that and i just received a beautiful tter from kim jong-un and i think thi relationshvery well, but i appreciated the letter. i saw the information about the cia with respect to his brother or half brother. i would tell him that thatould not happen under my auspices, that's for sure. i wouldn't let that happen under my auspices. laura: for a response i spoke hill, former ambassador to south korea who is now at the university of denver. you heard the president sayi this would not happen under his auspices, but how useful would it be for the cia to have a
informant inside the kim familyv chris: withoturing on question of whether he was and whether he was obligation, the duty of the cia to increr capacity of ndderstanding what is going on in various places,o put it mildly, north korea is a hard target, and the degree to which the cia can recruit people anil enhance our y to understand places like that, so much the better. it is rather extraordinary to t he president essentially saying that would never happen under his administration. laura: you heard the president say he received a beautiful letter from kim jong-un. you know the north koreans well your days with the six-party talks. what do you think that letter means? chris: it is very hard to say. as we know, kim jong-un and president trump seem to have been exchanging nice
correspondences over the year since singapore. i suspect the north koreans are trying to say they would like to do a deal, to use the president's language, and i suspect they are saying t something ms of only you, mr. president, can do that deal. we have seen the northoreans come out very critically against the president's team, and what is interesting is thes the ent has not lifted a finger to support or defend his secretary of state pompeo or the national security advisor ilton. he seems to be, daay it, a little susceptible to north korean flattery that only he can do this deal. laura: u.s. officials are talking about potentially a third summit between the two leaders. do you think that would be a good idea in light of what the north koreans have not reall t done sin last summit? chris: well, i think you put your finger on it. what is the point of talking if you don't have the kind of plan for how you are going to go forward?
frankly, the north koreans for something interesting on the table last time in hanoi. they offered to dismantle theirn uclear site. bunches of questions, of course, would come from that. what do they mean by "dismantle"? what does this mean for other sites? what does this me to access to -- what is this me -- whatoes this mean for access to other sites? is this the beginning of a process, or, as thannorth koseem to imply, the end of a process? a lot of questions, but we know that in hanoi the president cut it short after five hours and le are they tried to repackage the proposal, are they trying to get him to take a harder look at it very h say. what is the hallmark of this entire negotiation on the u.s. side is thathere is very little effort to prepare and understand what the other side is doing, and the consequences, we tend to just wingen we get there, and if we have a third such summit of just winging it, we are going to get
the same results as the first two summits, which is frankly, no results at all.ur mbassador chris hill, thanks for being with us. you are watching "bbc world news america" 'still to come on tonights program, is an electric car the key to giving back to the power grid? we will tell yut an experiment on a portuguese island which could be catching on. the international aid organization oxfam has been given an official warming by the u.k. charity commission over its poor handling of allegations thatff exploited victims of haiti's earthquake. reporter:d a scenes of catastrophic damage, the rthquake in haiti in 2010 left hundreds of thousands dead, and 1.5 million people without homes. but as today's report shows, oxfam, one of the biggest charities that went into haiti
to help, allowed its staff to sexually exploit desperate and foldable women and young girls. the report said there was a culture of poor behavior, and rather than helping victims, oxfam was driven by a desire to prote the charity's reputation and a donor relationships. as a result, victims, was a lowers, and staff who trying to -- whistleblowers come and staff who tried to raise concerns were voted down. he should have been keeping people safe, but he used his xploiton to sexually women. he was allowed to resign rather than being sacked so he could carry on working with his reputation intact. >> that is the absolutely agonizingly dreadful thing about this thathese people were desperate. they came to us for safety, for clean water, for real health. they were betrayed. reporter: when the scandal broke, thousds of donors
withdrew their support, costing the charity 14 million pounds. now oxfam needs to rebuild trust. >> yes, there have been a lotf fine words, but weeed is the action, we need to see change. that is going to take many years. reporter: the charity commission has issued an official warning to oxfam and said that it needs to let changes.nt cultural it will be directing and closely monitoring the chand the -- the charity until those changes are in place. laura: sudan's oosition leaders have called off a campaign of civil disobedience which brought the country to a standstill for past three days. they were trying to put pressure on the mitary to hand over power to civilians after longtime dictator omar al-bashir
was ousted in april. more than 100 people have been killed in a violent crackdown by security forces in the past week. africa editor fergal keane is in cartoon. -- khartoum. fergal: people have been drifting back to work, pushed by economic necessity in one of the worlr's poorest cou. however much they may loathe gime. still, tonight's announcement came as a surprise. >> talks will resume soon in good fai on outstanding points including the civilian counsel, the transitional military council has agreed to take confidence-building measures, including the release of political prisoners. ey have agreed to call off civil disobedience. fergal: there should be no mistaking the current balance of power. the military and the rapid force
militia are in control of them and many fear they have no intention of ceding power to civilians. >> should intervene intosi this ation. you know, there is no peace here in sudan. people are suffering a lot. fergal: it is suffering felt by so many families. the relatives of this 14-year-old want any resumption of talks to bring justice and end the cover. the boy was shotli dead by the a. >> all these protests,ha h nothing to do with any of that. i swear by allah, my heart still bleeds from the inside, and i will not shed a single tear until i get justice for my son. fergal: there is a semblance of normal life on the streets of khartoum tonight. this appears to be a rare positive moment, steoning back fromontation on both sides.
but it is wise to be skeptical, beca broken hopes in this story. the great question remains, can e international mediators iterce or control the military into sharing power civilians? that is the daunting task ahead. fergal keane, bbc news, khartoum. laura: the woman's world soccer cup. today the u.s. squad pyed the first game of the tournament against thailand and won by 13- 0, settingd a recor the most goals scored in a world cup game, both on the women's and the men's side. now, when it comes to storing power, the little portuguese island of porto santo is taking the lead, using the batteries of electric cars as a backup to the country's electricity grid. they top off their batteries with solar power when the sun is
shining, and then they give the electricity back to the island empowering people's homes at night. reporter: the savage beauty of porto santo attracts tourists who le nature. but people need energy and it is damaging nature. this solution is coming from the diesel generator which powers the island's homes. transporting the diesel is expensive, and it is fueling climate change. the local government want clean, renewable energy instead. but wind power and solar power ebb and flow. they need a way of storing ergy for use at nighttim here is the chosen solution, the electric car, but not as we know it. inuture, electric vehicles here will be fitted with a reversible battery that stores energy for the electricity grid. how does a reversible battery work? when the sun is shining,
electricity flows out of the grid, down the cable, and into the car. it is stored in the battery util nighttime, when it flows back out of the cathe cable, and into the grid to power people's homes. it is a huge innovation. the car is smart, so it keeps enough power for itself to be driven. >> a car is only used part-time for its mobility function, and the rest of the time it is available next to the electricity grid to be used for the grid. reporter: the firm in selling the systemelieves the technology will transform our relationship with our cars. >> what we are doing here is really exciting, because normally thinkwnf you car, it wouldhink it cost you a lot of money. you can actually earn money during the time it is parked and you can feed it back andarn mone it changes the whole idea of reporter: some police are cialready powered by elect. to run an fective backup for
the local grid, ha the cars on the island, like this electric taxi, will need as well as using it. is this the road to the future? a couple of years ago, if you had suggested that car batteries could play a major part in supporting an electricity grid, a lot of people would have laugd. but that is exactly what has happened. the electricity revolution ig go create a lot more surprises. laura: a smallin island they on call -- thinks big on climate change. i am laura trevelyan. thankg you for watchbc announcer: funding for this presentation is made possible by... the freeman foundation; by judy anfopeter blum-kovledation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs;
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening. i'm judy woodruf on the newshour tonight: democrats in congress weighr their options vestigating president trump, including whether to begin impeachment proceedings. then, another abuse crisis engulfs the catholic church, as nuns begineak out about the sexual violence they have endured at the hands of priests. >> anybody who wants to become a nun, wants to serve, and wan to give herself to god. and that's why it's so easy to abuse nuns. because they are so ready to listen to others, o tell them how they are supposed to be. >> woodruff: plus, for millions of adults in the u.s. who lacksk basic reading ills, there is