tv PBS News Hour PBS June 17, 2019 3:00pm-4:01pm PDT
ns captioning spoored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening. i'm judy woodruff. on t "newshour" tonight, a wave of massive protests in hong kong sparks debate over the future of the territory and its relationship with mainland china. then, amy walter and tamara keith analyze the latest campaigns movefrom the democratic presidential hopefuls, and what to expect om the formal launch of president trump's reelection bid. plus, pedestrian deaths in the u.s. are at a nearly 30-year high. and in western cities that weren't designed for walking, wide roads and few crosswalks can lead to deadly consequences. >> for a mom who's trying to get to work every morning and drop off her kid with a stroller, how is that mom supposed to be able to cut across the street and use that sidewk when there is not
an accessible way for her to do so?dr >> wf: all that and more on tonight's "pbs newshour." p> major funding for the pbs newshour has been rovided by: >> babbel. a language app that teaches real-life conversaons in a new language, like spanish, french, utrman, italian, and more. babbel's 10-15 mlessons are available as an app, or online. more information on babbel.cr . >> consumellular. >> financial services firm raymond james. >> the william and flora hewlett foundation. for more than 50 years, otvancing ideas and supporting institutions to pra better world. at www.hewlett.o. >> and with the ongoing support
of these institutions: and individuals. >> this program was made possible public broadcasting.ut and by contrns to your pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. uf >> woo iran is warning that it will exceed its uranium stockpile limit under the 2015 nuclear accord in the next ten days. the country's atomic energy agency also says it will step up uranium enrichment to near weapons-grade levels. today's announcement is aimed at puttinmore pressure on ropean countries to compensate
iran for u.s. sanctions. >> we are suspending, we are not revoking the commitments. we are not removing the gemmitments. we do, of course, hem towh quickly to dever they want to do in order to compensate the situation and of course to bring back once agn the balance between the commitments and of course the obligations. >> woodruff: the white house national security council called iran's announcement "nuclear blackmail." the u.s. pulled out of the nuclear deal more than a year ago. egypt's former president mohammad morsi died today after collapsing in court. state prosecutors said the 67- year-old spoke briefly, then fainted. the "muslim brotherhood" leader won egypt's first free elections in 2012 after pro-democracy protests he was ousted in a military coup the next year, and has been jailed ever since.
his family said morsi's health crumbled in harsh prison conditions. the now-banned "muslim brotherhood" accused the statede of m lights are back on in argentina urugd paraguay, after an all-day blackout on sunday affected millions of people. streets in buenos aires stayedrk nto the night, and businesses lit candles in uruguay's capital, mono. the outage also disrupted transportation, communications and water supplies. there is still no worde cause. in mexico, the foreign minter announced today the newly formed national guard will fully deplow along the bordh guatemala this week. mexico pledged to deploy 6,000 troops after president trump threatened to impose tariffs. hthe founder of chinese t giant "huawei" conceded today that u.s. sanctions are tang a major toll on revenues.
he estimated the company will take in $30 billion llars less than initially expected, over the next two years. huawei's overseas cellphone sales are also expted to drop by 40%.at >> ( tran ): we did not, in our initial assessment, expect it to be this serious.ou we had madpreparations, just like an old airplane, we had only protected our heart and our fuel tank, we did not protect the other necessary components.wo so in the nextears, the company will suffer a setback. >> woodruff: the u.s. has banned most american companies' transactions with huawei over fears it will help beijing spy on other nations. in toronto, shooting broke out yring a victory parade to for the n.b.a. champion toronto raptors. the gunfe briefly touched off a panic at the back of the crowd of two-million. ceremonies stopped for a moment, and then resumed.wo two people werded, and two arrested.
the u.s. supreme court today threw out a judgment against an oregon bakery that refed to make a wedding cake for a same- sex couple. but, t court sidestepped issuing a major decision. instead, it ordered state judges to review the case again. separate, the justices upheld trying defendants for the same crime in state and federal courts. it's an exception to the "double jeopardy" rule, with implications for the russia investigation. that is, anyone pardoned by president trump, on federal charges, could still face state charges. the vatican formally opened debate today on allowing married men to be ordained as priests in remote parts of the amazon. the proposal came in a working document for a meeting of south erican bishops. it would mark a historic shiftdd toss the region's clergy shortage. the document also called foren more inds women in church leadership roles.od on wall street, stocks
rinaged modest gains. the dow jones indu average was up almost 23 points to close at 26,112. the nasdaq rose 48 points, and the p 500 added two. and, heire vanderbilt died today in new york, of stomach cancer. she was the eat-great- granddaughter of railroad and shipping magnate cornelius vandbilt, and mother to anderson cooper, the cnn anchor, who announced her death today. vanderbilt gained fashion icon status with her lines,f designer jen the 1970s.e s also a talented painter and collagist, and acted on stagand on television. gloria vanderbilt was 95-years- old. still to come on t "newshour," the rising tension between hong kong and mainland china, what we know about the u.s. military's ability to hack into foreign computer systems, amy walter and tamara keith break down the race
for the 2020 democratic nomination, and much more. >> woodruff: hong kong is in the middle of the most signi scant protesce a 2014 pro- democracy movement known as the umbrella revolution. this weekend, protestors gained a substantial win when the city's chief executive suspended controversial legislation that would allow for the extradition of suspected criminals to eyinland china. but on sunday thaid that wasn't enough, and two-million filled the streets to demand the permanent withdrawal of the legislation, and the resignation of chief executive crie lam. the demonstrators say they're taking on not only the legislation-- but also the beijing government that's behind e . we begin our coverth matt
frei of independent television news, who is in hong kong. >> if the umbrella revolution had a recognizable figurehead, it is this young man w was released from jail this morning. joshua wong was only 17 when the protests started five yearago. he spent a month in prison for contempt of court. but as soon as he got out this morning, his contempt ofhe leadership was unbend. >> unless the whole world lets thmminternational city realize that how hong kong people will not keep silence under the suppression of president xi and the chief executive carrie lam b. carrie lamb must step found. >> hours after hiselease, joshua wong was back, doubling down on message and microphon in the cloud, rocky, an
accountant, felt inspired. >> he felt that way five hoagurs and he came down here with us and doing our thing to protect hong kong. >> the govenernmhere thought the protests were exhausted, they were wrong once again. the millions yesterday may have gone back to work, but the thousands who keep up the pressure now know they can count on the rest to come out if necessary. people powern o demand. (shouting) >> it is indeed the leoorld war is watching and china is recording it, too. they are marching on the chinese army headquarters. what happens here matters because hong kong is the canary in the gold mine. china may domthis century like meek dominated the last.hi do you you will change china or china will change you?
>> i think we are fueling an international alliance despite the height of authoritarian rula of c we are not aloine. a g enemy is coming. >> reporter: who is the big enemy? >> china trying to free capitalism with authoritarian rule with the test a.i. >> woodruff: that report from matt frei, of independent television news. so what is motivating the demonstrators in hong kong? and what do the actions of hongi kong's administrator say about beijing's motivations? nick schifrin has more. >> reporter:udy, for months hong kong residents have been demonstrating in large numbers against that extradition law,te but the estitwo million demonstrators for sunday's march was unprecedented in recent memory. t k about that, i'm joined by lee cheuk yan, a former member of the legiative council of hong kong, and co- founder of the labor party. give us a sense, how momentous have these protests been?
>> this time two-million people march, it surprised everyone. the people so angry. we believe that the whole marcoi is a turning for hong kong. our freedom space was being squeezed, and now we areoming back. a, this march, one-millio in a week time, two-million, and it really shows that people are determined to fight the bill. >> reporter: why do you say people feel their freedom is being so squd zed? y has this issue especially made people so angry? t of us do not trust the judicial system in china. and the stories of china human rights defender spending four years in jail without going in trial. what if this china judicial system, they are trumping up chges, they are famous for torture, g their claw in hong kong, and grab people out to
china to be on trial, people are really afraid. . thought we had a firewa but now it's all broken, they want to break it, and grab people out to china. what happened if some foreigner is in hong kong, they can grab any foreign investor back to china? that would be also the end of hong kong as a vibrant economict city, intenal city. so all the economic, political,g everythingher, and people want to fight back. >> reporter: chief executive carrie lam says she will postpone the extradition bill indefinitely. is tha>>good enough? that's not good enough. we want total withdrawal, firstly, because you know postponing, people will read it as delaying tactics, and then she can revive it. it's no longer just about the bill. it's also about the arrogance of carrie lam, not listening to the people. a kind of, you know, violence, police violence, that we feel very angry that police are
suppressing the people of hong kong, of beating up people, >> reporter: hong kong chief executive carrie lam argues that the law would not be used to prosecute people for race, religion, nationality, or ioyour point, political op does that reassure you at all? >> china says it doesn't have any potical prisoners. does that reassure you? we are not talking about hong kong's judicial system. we are talking abouteijing's political, judicial system. in hong kong, the court cann protect us. it only takes a witness statement in china. you cannot in hong kong court sort of cross examine the witness. you know hong kong cour cannot do anything.ju and chincial system good at trumping up charges.>> eporter: what does this say about how beijing considers sees these protests? orhow beijing will respond to future protests? >> we have come out, we have won, to certain extent.
international recognition, and lots of government condemn carrie lam, and behind her, of course, beijing, so beijing loses face. what i worry now, is that maybe we have advance in democracy movement, the people's movement en they will remember, and then they will step up their monitor of hong kong. they will step up in ming all the opposition figures in hong kong, and also in thell future they o something to suppress the opposition, so they will take the revenge, and that's what worried me. but we are good at fighting l ck, so i hope we will st ok in the future. >> lee cheuk yan, joining us via skype, hong kong, thank you very much. >> thank you. >> reporter: and to talk more about the end to have the interview, hong kong future in beijing, possible actions, tun
to doug paa sl. formior director for asian affairs in the national security staff and member of the state department's policy planning staff. welcome back to the "newshour". >> thank you very much. >> reporter: hatg kong demonss have achieved a bit of a short-term win right now, but what about a median-term, longer-term? do you expect detentions between the administrators and the vernment of hong kong to increase? >> i hope they don't increase in the short term. we've just bypassed a real tragedy in hong kong, and the retreat of the government in the face of this erwhelming political support for the opposition was a wise thing to. do beijing's long-term desire to control and t homogenize hong kong into the rest of oichina, however, is not to be given up easily. it's temporarily knoll expedient for china to have a blood path on the streets of hong kong or,s han that, a real crackdown, but it would be in the long-term interests to continue the pressure and
salami-slicing tactics they've used in the last years. >> reporter: ttry to increase control. >> increase control and reduce the amount of dissent that comes within chinese politic from hong kong. >> reporter: so let's talk about the effect of hong kong on the chinese politics. how many embarrassing is this for xi jinping, the president of china, and are officials trying to pretend they had nothing to do with it? >> as mr. whree was just sayingg in your ment, he has lost face as a leader. he did not put his personalon stamhis but nobody believes this would have gone forward without his at lst tacit approval, and now that he'sa ad to yield t, people will see this as an opportunity to take him down a peg, to showd sn't have the universals wisdom and the knowledge of the situation at he pretends to have. but this is not going to be short term. e chinese think long term,
especially the communist party >> reporter: the universal wisdom xi is perceived to have as president of china, there is a sense in this country that j ping is all powerful. does he have opponents and will they use this against him? >> it doesn't take much of a visit to china to encounter widespread uappiness with xi jinping's rule inside and out side goernment, and it extended when he extended hisf lie tong ten your. late manifestation is tough in china because xi controls the propaganda apparatuses. people are looking for opportunities to trip him up. sometimes the best opp are when he himself make a mistake and people exploit tat to say he isn't the leader we hhought he was. >> reporter: sos will be seen as a mistake and how will the people opposed to him use that, given the fear t so many people have in china of thi suance state and xi jinping himself?
>> well, it's always complicated because these are shadow games. some of them wilt l wan to make more mistes, to push the u.s. trade war too far, to put chinese neighbors on territorial claims, because that might bring him to adownfall. others might want him to moderate and make more room for their own voices in the chinese system. a whole class of people like xi jinping were there to help him since he first came to powe but he en shutting them out and they would like back in to the table and they wilhave their own various means to try to do that. >> reporter: you mentioned ther trade oday. here in washington there is a discussion for another round ofa possibleiffs. the trade war goes on. what is the impact of something like hong kong on u.s.-china relations and on the tr de >> it's a multi-level game now. xi jinping is trying to strengthen his hands in the meeting with donald trump if there a formal meeting in
e pan at the end of june, by visiting putin tw central asia in st. spaceeatersbe and now scheduled to visit late there are week to norts korea. he wo be the player that comes with lats of allies and cards to hut on the table before he meets with trump. at the same time, if he goes too far, he may alienate the u.s. d put china into a more difficult economic vice as the trade tariffs are magnified by a large extent in the aftermath of a failed meeting. so he's kind of got to find balaing point. it's been summarized in party official documents this past weekend. on the one hand they say we're not afraid to fight.n i go to korea fight the americans in the korean war. on the other hand, we're not afraid to bargain and make thene ssary compromises. so he's straight strike balance position and all ofhese elements come into it. hong kong blowing up would not haveeen helpful for his purposes and these circumstances. >> doug paal, disedtingui
fellow, carnegie endowment for international peace, thank you very much. >> you're welcome. >> woodruff: over the weekend, "the new york times" reported on american military efforts to infiltrate the power grid of russia, a largely civilianta et. as john yang tells us, it's a flashpoint in an emerging, digital conflict. >> reporter: judy, the "times" reported that the president and congress have given u.s. cyber comman maryland, authority to conduct offensive operations without direct presidentia mapproval. thns commanders there can operate more freely, and in theory, more nimbly. the intrusions into russia's electrical grid are the latest reported example of u.s. military efforts on an increasingly crowded digital battlefield. for more on this we are joined by r.p. eddy, former national security council official and the founder of ergo, an intelligence consulting firm.
thank you very much for joining us. can you give us some undersnding or help us s understand tpe of u.s. offensive cyberoperations? >> wl, u.s. cyber cmand which is a part of the u.s. government, part of the departme of defense tha intend towndz take ourns ofe-defensive cyber operations ten years old actually this month, and it's a massive undertaking, meaning that this reporting to me isn't shockingly newsworthy because we have been working diligently sending billions of dollars to understand the vulnerability of our adversaries around the globe for a decade at this point at least, and before cyber command we were doing this in other guises. >> how important ismmyber d to u.s. military power? >> anyhow disruptive the use of cyber attacks against facebook and other cyber attacks were int the 2016 elns. we live in an extraordinarily connected world. we don't quite underst would happen if the power calm
off, but if you spend timeng thinbout no water, no hospitals, no traffic lights, it mes people dying, that's a cyber offensive capacity. the critical infrastructure of st nations is controlled by things connected to the internet or comte that's a cyber vulnerability so cyber domain is extremely important for the united states as we try to push terrence around the globe. >> reporter: is there a danger that what we view reas dete the other side could see as provocation? >> i like the way you put that. one of the concerns about this entire domain is it's still considered a secret. all of our cyber offensive or other nation's if they exist are considered a covert capacity, meaning weren't not pluckily talking about them. while nuclear weapons and other weapons are horrible weapons of wax we have treaties around them and understand the proportion, what is not.
we've not had those conversations when it comes to offensive cyber activity. the capacity for one nation to misunderstand the other, to think a cyber intrusion or attack means onehing to them, could mean much more agressive, could happen and be room for miscommunication. >> reporter: it souike there are no rules of the road here, it's a little bit like the wild west? >> the wild west isa real good analogy. there are we are now talking about taking attacks against non- combatants, so there are rules of warfa about hitting non-combattens but in cyber war people ght not think that's a violation of the rules of war. the i shut down the power grid of new york city that will lead to the death of people who are non-combatants and that's an operation against non-combatants. we find hat that conversationth
an norms haven't been established. look how puzzled we were aboutpu the mation of facebook and social media in the last election: >> reporter: given the authority to -- for the secretary of defense to the head of cyber command to carry these things out without direc presidential approval, without direct presidentsle authority, is this a sign -- i mean, is this -- military command is now calling it an air strike. it's now just anoth weapon in the arsenal? >> it is another weapon in the wesenal and one thaaven't had real conversation about, as you mentioned before, to act have it potential plans or take advantage f cyber vulnerabilities would be an offensive operation of war that is not delegated now dowto individual commanders. i would be shocked in the head of cyber command believes he's allow to press a button an deploy cyber weapons.
i don't think that's where we. >> reporter: people first may have become aware of stuxn when the national security launched malware and had been used by others. is this moving into the pentagon? is this sort of another tep, another sort of pando's box being kicked open? >> so it's not entely clear who was behind stuxnet and all the reporting in uted states is nonverified reporting, but whoever did release stuxnet put a very very powerful cyber weapon out into the wild, and criminals in other nation stahas since taken that weapon rand pumped it for their own use. mucha drone being shot down in a hostile country,g american h-tech drone being shot down and reprogrammed by a hostile nation, so can some of the cyber weapons be b repumpe
cyber criminals or adversary nations. that's another thing to think about when we catalog unintended consequences of different cyber warfare activities. >> reporter: rrp rr r.p. eddy, k you very much. >> thank you very much, >> woodruff: stay with us. coming up on the "newshour," what can be done to stop the rise of pestrian deaths in the u.s.? how an actress came to ternd with her huseing caught possessing child pornography-- and turn her struggle into a play. and, 50 years after the start of the gay rights movement, memories of the stonewall uprising. but first, the demands of working class voters areront and center on the democratic campaign trail. as yamiche alcindor reports, candidates are tackling a critical question: how to help america's poor? >> reporter: poverty, race and inequality.
today, at a candidate forum in washington, d.c., those were the topics of focus. >> we have traise a minimum wage to minimum $15. d itgraceful someone works 40 hours a weepoand lives in rty. >> if you vote for me for president, by definition thatre means yoeady for reparations for slavery. wrong has been done, debt has been owed. now it should be paid. >> reporr: across the country over the weekend, democratic candidates joined fast food workers striking for higher wages. from senator kamalharris in las vegas... g >> ans we ha to recognize that working people deserve livable wages.or >> rr: ...to former texas congressman beto o'rourke in charleston, south carolina. >> you all ready to march? >> reporter: at a church in spartanberg, south car o'rourke later talked voting rights. >> at the heart of o campaign is bringing everyone in, making
sure that we're coming here to register tens of millions of our fellow americans who automatically in same day voter registration, remove obstacles >> reporter: also in southca lina this weekend, senators elizabeth warren and cory booker, and south bend, indiana mayor pete buttigieg. at a forum for black civic and business leaders, they spoke about closing the wealth gapk between bld white americans. >> no one who works in this country ought to be poor. it's that simple. >> two cents on the dollar one tunes above $50 million is enough to produ kind of investment in america that would help to close the blite wealth gap. >> reporter: senator cory booker showcased his plop to benefit of color. >> the average black family, black child, under this program, would get close to $30,000; a white child, about $15,000. g would virtually eliminate the
racial wealth gaing everybody a fair start in creating wealth in this economy. >> reporte candidates will on have another chance to make their case to the crucial early voting state.th late week, nearly all of the 23 democratic contenders plan to heado south carolina's democratic convention. for the "pbs newshour," i'm yamiche alcindor. >> woodruff: and now it's time for politics monday. i'm here with amy walter of the "cook political report" and ho of public radio's "politics with amy walter" from "the takeaway." and in orlando, florida, gearing up for president trump's rally-- tamara keith of npr. she also co-hosts the "npr politics podcast." and hello to both of you. so, tam, since you are in orlando, let's talk about what the president is expected to do tomorrow. what are you expecting and why oorlando? why da?
>> well, already, they have the road shut down around the arena where this rai rally is going to take place. it's going to be a bigss cla hump rally where he held different the end s campaigns and filled arenas all over the country, and theree tail gaiting because rllp rallies e like going to see the grateful dead, you will get to he the songs you want to hear and he always plays the greatest hits, if you will. why florida? i came down here a day early to do reporting. i went to the villages, whi is this area, this very fast growing community outside orlando. ts of political reporters visit the villages. more than 100,000 people live there, and they are all senior motizens, pretty much, anst of them are trump supporters. the republican population is
strong there and they're hig turnout voters. here in orlando -- the village is going to send five bus loads of people to that rally. at is here is a state that president trump needs to win if he wants to get anr term, and they use these rallies to organize people, to register people to vote, to get names and numbers so they can follow up later. >> woodruff: so, amy, we've known -- it's not a surprise the president is running for reelection, i think he announced it on the day he was inaugurated. but does a day like tomorrow make a differencel >> yeah, i think it does for the president's supporters, give them something to rally around, and the focus has been so much on the dets and their opposition to and the president that he now gets a chance to sort of reset thear ment and make it about the case that he's going to make, but it is really notable that, you know, joe biden kicked off his campaign in pennsylvania, in
philadelphia, a state that democrats have to inif they're going to bin the electoral llege, tam's right if there trus going to win reelection, he has to win florida. if you look at the i-4 corridor between the orlando and tampa area, it is the fastest gr not just in the state but in the country, the village is. these are folks who are coming in from places wh trump is really popular, like ohio and michigan and wisconsin and pennsylvania. so think about where the villages are and where some these voters are coming into florida, they are basically the midwest that has be snow birded, i guess if that's the term, into florida.in so don't thof florida for the president as miami, when people through about florida. ethink about it as rally much more of a midwestern battleground state in the middle of a state that it also happens to have palm trees and is on the
ocean. >> woodruff: quickly tam. one or two rothers showing up for this tomorrow?th >> yes is the thing. the president is doing a grand re-re-relaunch of his campaign, and joe biden had two bites of the apple with his lunch -- you know, the video, the rally -- kala harris, allve gotten attention at least twice on the democratic side, sot presidump is looking for a little bit of that attention as well. >> woodruff: so, amy, let's go back to what yamiche was reporting upon, the democrats, many in soth carolina over the weekend. a poll in south carolina had pretty interesting numbers. we try not toveremphasize polls, but this one is striking. joe biden is there the lead 37% but eopped 9 points since last poll, elizabeth warren up n
, still at 17, far back, but looking at these numbers and candidates, what do you see, amy? >> we see a continuation of a trend from the lat week or so in national and other state polls which is elizabeth warren and to a certain extent pete buttigieg rising and sanders starting to see a little bit of a slide and even biden starting to see a little bit of a slide. therwas a national poll out by nbc-"wall street journal" over the weekend showing the enthusiasm since biden slipped a bit since the early polling in sp tng whie polling for elizabeth warren has gone ut. olksave been hearing from on the trail that elizabeth warren is getting a lot ofo second l. a lot of people are saying they want to hear more from elizabeth warren. so that's sort of the discussion that peple were having on the ground starting to show up in the polls. it's n huge movement. joe biden remains the frontrunner, but when we're
thinking of seeing the next tier candidate, who's shaping up to challenge biden, who's shaping up to be the leader in the left-of-center debate for the democratic party, i elizabeth warren has really made a significant move. >> woodruff: interesting. tam, i know you're following these candidates as much as you can, at the same time you're following the president who belongs to the other political party, but south carolina is a different -- it's obviously its own state but it's gng to say something different when south carolina voters vote. >> yeah, ihink that is what all of these candidates are looking to do. not only do they want to win, south carolit they want to be able to say, look, i won south carolina. south carolina represents a mor diverse vers the electorate, more closely reflects the demraticters nationwide that will be voting in november, and they are looking to be able to show they can garner ex acitemeong
african-american voters who will be critical in states like wisconsin and michigan andan pennsy. >> woodruff: meanwhile, amy, we did, at the end of last wek,e learn which candidates are going to be debating on which nights, 20 of thewe 2 chosen, made the mangkhut, and we're going to show everybody again what the lineup looks like wednesday night, jue 26. these ten candidates, elizabeth warren being certainly one ofe the moominent names, but they all have a shot the next nit. it's these ten. do we see something about this lineup that tell us- >> what we can expect. i know. as you can see, joe biden is sitting in night two along with thother top tier candidates, all except for elizabeth warren, who is in the first night, and i think we're all watching to see how joe biden will do. he is the frontrunner in large hipart because people seas the most electable and the safest choice in this. the way that that le had ofis
flips is if he suddenly does not look as stable or i he has a moment where he looks not quite as rugged and able toontinue in this frontrunner path. r elizabeth warren, the question is the a better thing to be in the first debate where you're not going to have a whone of people firing on you, where you don't have to mix it up tith the other ter, you get the whole night to yourself, i don't know. for other poloritical reprs, they want to see if there's any movement in a race that's been incredible stable, and that is going to be tough to do when you have so many peple on sge all 'sying to get their quick little byte in thoing to get picked up by national news. >> woodruff: all right. we don't ha time to have you say this, but, tam, you told us it would be lie speed dating. we'll see if that bears itself out. tamara keith in orlando waiting for the president's rally tomorrow, amy walter here in
anwashington. you both. >> thank you. you're welcome. >> woodruff: pedestrian deaths are the highest they've been. since 19 nearly 50,000 have died on u.s. roads since 2009 according to federal statistics. the reasons vary. some blame cell-phones and distracted driving, others say sprawling cities and wide roads are a team of reporters from the howard center for investigativeo nalism at arizona state university has been investigating what victims' families and advocates says are slow changes to a deadly problem. here's arren kimbel-sannit narrates the report. >> reporr: above a busy tersection in los angeles, asi gn cautions motorists to drive with care. it's yards away from where 17- year-old christian vega was struck and killed in february. vega was killed here on riverside drive residents have complained
that guiding drivers away from heavy interstate congestion and onto riverside drive.>> iverside drive has become an extension, a fifth lane of the thruway. >> reporter: dav de la torre and other concerned residents have called for safety improvements along the street for years. city engineers approved a left turn signal for the intersection in 2017, but it wasn't installed htil after christian's de because the city says funding was unavailable. across the country, pedestrian deaths are on the rise, jumping from more than 4,000 in 2009 to nearly 6,000 in 2017. >> streets are so wide that they're basically freeways sometimes. or they have freeway-like speeds. >> reporter: daisy villafuerte with the advocacy group los angeles walks says the city wasn't designed for walking, which aves pedestrians vulnerable. >> if you try to cross a street, you'll spend a good ten minutes without ever seeing a crosswalk.
unlike older, denser east coast cities that were built before automobiles rud the roads, sun belt cities like phoenix and los angeles were built with cars as the dominant mode of transportation. >> we're seeing an epidemic ofpe strian crashes happening on arterials. >> reporter: engineer randy ttberner says that pedestrians and vehicles use the same major roadways, which creates conflict. >> but that's, that's where the pedestrians want to be just like that's where everybody wants to be. and that's the way to get through our cities and towns. >> reporter: a good example?ut rn avenue in phoenix, where 15-year-old keshawn hubanks was killed by a car in december.wa hubankcrossing the street when his family says a driver sped out of her lane and hit him. his mother, nydea richards, found him on the curb. >> once i, you know, took his hood off his head, i just knew he was gone. >> reporter: the hubanks' apartment complex is half a mile away from signaled crosswalks on central and seventh avenues. that's a long way to walk for people who need to catch a bus
to school or work. >> that makes no sense. kids are gonna be kids. i can't sit here and telyou i walk to central just to go to the dollar store.ep >>ter: national advocacy groups say deaths like keshawn's are more common in low-income areas. it's evident in southern california, where residents in der-served neighborhoods are waiting for safer streets. >> the early infrastructure that other parts of the city take for granted just never got to this part of the area. >> reporter: district six uncil member nury martinez knows this intersection lacks some crucial road safety elements-- like sidewalk accessibility ramps. >> for a mom who's trying to get to work every morning and drop off her kid with a stroller, how is that mom supposed to be able to cut across the street and use that sewalk or that side of the sidewalk when there is not an accessible way for her to do so? >> reporter: these ramps are now being built as part of "vision zero," an initiative many cities across the country a the world have adopted with the goal for los angeles of having zeroc
traftalities or serious injuries by the year 2025. >> that's the infrastructure needs that i think that we've been waiting for, for a really long time, we are finally starting to make sure that communities color in particular, that those needs are starting to get addressed. >> reporter: families who have lost loved ones are often the people pushing for change. >> i think we need to get more people like me, a family who's been affected or a survivor to actually go to one of their meetings and talk to the residents themselves. >> reporter: debbie hsiung and philip tam started t organization "southern california families for safe streets" after their oldest son, seven-year-old aidan tam, was killed while crossing the street. >> and all of a sudden i saw a driver make a right tuo the sidewalk. aidan got hit. o we rr-- the truck was on top of aidan. >> reporter: the couple wantsd safer roads fer drivers. they know changing laws-- and minds-- is a challenge.
but it's not impossible. the european union has seen a 36% decline in pedestrian deaths between 2007 and 2016. experts say it's because unlike the u.s., the european union has found ways to redesign vehicles and roads to reduce pedestrian deaths. it should not necessitate a death. it should not necessitate a lawsuit for action to occur. >> reporter: adathe end of the community leaders and advocates like de la torre say they wt government agencies to take a more proactive approach to roadway design and pedestrian safety. and while they keep working to amke streets safer for pedestrians, theies of keshawn, aidan, and christian keep working through their grief. for the pbs newshour, i'm arren kimbel-sannit at cronkite school of journalism in phoenix. >> woodruff: that story came to us from the howard center for investigative journalism, an initiativef the scripps howard foundation.
woodruff: a new york play explores what happens to a family after the fathe arrested for downloading and trading child pornography on the internet hari sreenivasan sat down with w the actress wi has written an emotional drama about the searing experience. it's part of "canvas," ongoing coverage of arts and culture. i see a decent human beings who have done some unspeakable things. >> reporter: in this play you start out with a line that i wa to read out." this isn't one of those shows where i'm here to tell you that i was okay and that i wasn't okay but now i am okay." where are you? four years out. >> you know, i hate the word "journey," but i guess i'm on the journey and i am-- i haveda
really goo and i have not so great days and i have days where they're both amazing and excruciatingly difficult. >> reporter: difficult and complicated. maddie corman is a working actress, seen in several television series and movies including "some kind of wonderful" and "maid in manhattan." alexander-- also an actor, but more recently a frequent director of "law and order" and the fx series "rescue me." in 2015, alexander was arrested at home for having cld pornography on his computer. he was not charged with any physical or sexual abuse of any children-- including his own. alexander pled guilty, was sentenced to ten-years probation, and forced tore ster as a sex offender. probably one of the first questions that people are going to hen they watch this or hear about it is why are you still with him? why is he helping raise your children? >> yeah. you know-- and i undtistand that qu. it's not a fun question. it's not something i eve thought that i would have to defe or explain.
it's one of the reasons i think that i can't explain it in a two minute sound bite. i can barely do it in my 90 minute show, but it's a complicated answer. ly>> reporter: "accidental brave," a one act, one woman show is running off broadway in new york city. corman recounts learning-- and eventually reckoning with her husband's use of child pornography. start to feemething i can't quite put into words, but it is compassion, which i can't el for my own partner, at least >> reporter: through it all, despite her anger, ups shame, corman decided to stay with alexander, moving from the suburbs into new york city and starting over-- something her family could afford. >> i am incredibly aware of the privilege that the money that we i'm also very awe that there are other victims in this crime familyst my kids and m and me, that there are people who are very badly h pornography.
>> reporter: in the play, cormar s to answer that basic question: why is she still with her husband-- a decision thater tookany months to reach. >> this is a person thatad love, t at ieen with for 20 years, who has wthink is an illness that he is dealing with and making amends for. and he's a good person who did a bad thing. i mean, that's the simple way to say it. >> reporter: when this initially happened were you concerned for the safety of your children and balncing that with this person that you loved? he i was not concerned for safety of my children around him. i never thought that he would hurt my children. this is a big thing to have happen in your life and then to hawave it be public, which i but whether i stayed married to my husband or not this is the
father of-- this is their father, so they were going to have to deal with this in some way or another. >> reporter: the family had no choice but to deal with the fallout from the arrest, but the play was ahoice. one maddie made intentionally in the hope, she says, of helping others as a friend helped her. >> so instead of all the people saying "i feel so sorry for you." she said "i feel sorry with you." said how can i ever pay you back? and she said you'll just do it for someone else.m, >> i tell will never ever be okay with the things that you chose to look at. and you know what i do, what i'm trained to do and what i like to do is tell stories. nso this just seemed like actual way to do service to share something that i've been through that maybe will helpse someone ho feels so alone. because it's a very, very lonely feeling when your life suddenly takes a turn. and it's not what it was pposed to look like.
>> anything that helps people discuss uncoortable topics i think should be embraced. >> reporter: couples therapist keith miller believes there value in corman's efforts. >> the people behind abuse orol ce are not monsters. they're humans. and i think it does us a disservice when we make up a story or mythology and say those people should be put away and never thought about because what it does is it puts us further away from prevention education and all the contact points that are really necessary for thengagement with a compleg like trauma. >> i'm me. i shared everything with you. how could you not trust me with that? >> reporter: you have teeners, now you have one in college. this is a lot for a college mind to process, yes? how are the kids? >> life i can answer that. but really you should ask them.h i mean's their story to
tell. the fear of traumatizing my kidg or just brinomething back up that's calmed down is living in fear is not living in truth tocause this happened. this is not goino away if we don't talk about it for a few months. this is not going to go off the internet. if i don't do this play it's two clicks away.y the sts already in the paper. i mean, i think some people say i'm brave to tell this story. >> reporter: and, for now, maddie corman is trying to stay brave, accidentally or not. the play runs through july for the pbs newshour i'm hari sreenivasan in new york city. f: >> woodr0 years ago this month, violent demonstrations by the gay community agait a police raid at the stonewall inn in new york's greenwich village led to the modern gay rights movement. tonight, as part of newshour's ongoing coverage of the 50th anniversary of stonewall, we are sharing a story corps
convertion between john banvard and jerry nadeau. both military veterans who served in world war ii and vietnam, respectively. at the time, john, 100, and jerry, 72, sat down at the veterans home where they live to reflect on their 25 yearsto ther. storycorps records meaningfulsa convons between people of all backgrounds across the ryuntry that are preserved in an archive at the libf congress. this is an animation of their conversation. >> hello! my name is jerry nadeau. i'm with john banvard. >> and i was born in brooklyn, new york-- >> no, no, no, no. you gotta say your name and everything." hello, my name is--" >> hello. my name is john banvard. i am 100 years of age. >> when i first met you, john, yowere 75-years-old. what would it have been like if you didn't meet me? >> i would've continued being lonely.
i'd been absolutely lost. >> when we met, we were sort of in the closet.ea >> >> and i never had a real relationship. now we've been together almost 25 years.d and when we moto the veterans home, we moved in together. and a lot of people were wondering, "i wonder what their relationship is?" >> yes. >> well, when we got married they knew what our relationship was! ( laughs ) >> i was expecting we'd be ridiculed and there was very little othat. >> we got married at the veterans home and we said, "ifu me to see the bride, you're out of luck!" ( laughs ) do you remember that? >> yes, of course. >> it was very informal. >> it was done simply, yes. >> we served hot dogs. >> which is hardly wedding food! >> remember, john, i was with you in the cafeteria and somebody came up and they were with their family and they sai"" oh, this is gerard nadeau and this is his husband, john." i had never heard that before.
>> yeah. that was very nice. et you've made my life com >> i could say the same thing to you. i thinwe're probably as happy together as any two people you're likely to meet. ♪ ♪ >> woodruff: this story is part of storycorps' stonewall outloud collection. in honor of the anniversary of the stonewall uprising in june 1969, storycorps is working to preserve the personal histories of mbers of the l.g.b.t.q. community. you can find more animations and information on how to record your own conversation, on ourne website pbs.orhour. and a late development. the pentagon announced that the u.s. will send about 1,000 additional troops to the middle eastn response to "hostile behavior from iran."
a u.s. military official says they will conduct intelligence and surveillance and povide force protection. washington blames tehran forw attacks on oil tankers last week. the move follows last month's announcement to senan additional 1,500 troops, bolstering the more than 60,000 shready deployed to the region. and that's the nr for tonight. i'm judy woodruff. join us on-line and again here tomorrow evening for all of us at the pbs newshour, thank you and see you soon. >> major funding for the pbs newshour has been provided by: >> babbel. a language app that tecohes real-lifersations in a new language, like spanish, french, german, italian,nd more. babbel's 10-15 minute lessons are available as an app, or online. more information on babbel.c. >> financial services firm raymond james. >> consumer cellular.
>> and by the alfred p. sloan foundation. supporting science, technology,e and improvnomic performance and financial literacy in the 21st century. >> supported by the john d. and catherine t. macarthur foundation. committed to building a more just, veant and peaceful world. more information at macfound.org d >>ith the ongoing support of these institutions >> this program was made possible by the corporation for public broadcasting. and by contributions to your pbs station from viewers like you.k thu. captioning sponsored by newshour pductions, llc captioned by media access group at wgbh access.wgbh.org >> you're watching pbs.
♪ hello, everyone and welcome to "amanpour & company." here's what's coming up. amid the chaos of brexit, european nationalists may no longer be eyeing their own exits, but they are trying to cause the eu to implode from . with i'm joined by a rising leader of the movement, italy's mateo salvini headed to the white house. >> i'm 37 years old raising a 7-year-old boy. if you're looking for a fling or ararty girl o someone to have fun with, jus keep on looking. >> from tabloid target to american woman, the actress sienna miller breaks out in a surge of attention-grabbing new roles a turbulent times call for skilled and steady leaders. our walter