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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  June 17, 2019 5:30pm-6:00pm PDT

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woman: this is "bbc world news america." e possible by... the freeman foundation; by judy and peter blum-kovler foundation, pursuinga'olutions for amerneglected needs; and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. jane: this is "bbc world news america." reporting from washingn, i am jane o'brien. rare access inside china's
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sprawling detention camps. more than aillion muslims are thought to be held there, but beijing defends themhools. egypt's ousted president mohamed morsi dies after collapsing in a courtroom where he faced charges of espionage. and saving indigenous languages before it is too late. in australia, plans to ensure miriwoong s this ken by future generations. >> my favorite word in miriwoonn mes "crocodile." jane: for those watching on pbs the globe, welcome to "world news america." we start tonight with their access the bbc has gained to secure facilities in china's far western region used to hold a
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million of the muslim population. chinese authorities initially denied the cans existed, but now they say they are schools to combat the rise of islamic extremism. thjohn sudworth exposed t rapid development of the secure compounds. now despite heavy controls by the chinese government, the latest report uncovers more about the nature of this system and those being held inside. john: china used to deny it was holding hundreds of thousands of muslims in giant secure facilities like this one. but now we are being given a tour. ♪ john: the message, these people are not prisoners, but students, willingly subjecting themselves to a kind of brainwashing. is it your choice to be here?i
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>> yes, was affected by extremism. i have come here to trsform my thoughts. john: government offovials watch every interview. this is how mlims --uyghurs, kazakhs, and other morities -- have their thoughts transformed. both learning chinese and laws restricting religious practice. and replacing loyalty to faith or culture with mething else. love the communist party of china," this man has written. it is a place where peopleave to stay until you allow them to leave, sounds more like a prison, even if it is a prison in which you can do some art. >> i don't know what you mean by prison. this is indeed a training center. john: over the past two years, a vastetwork of camps has been built. but in the places we are being
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taken to, internal security fencing and what look like watchtowers have recently be taken down. exercise yards have been transformed into sports facilities, raising the suspion that these are merel show camps. this woman who now lives in kazakhstan tells me she was detained just for having whatsapp on her phone. experiencing violence and mistreatment over more than a esyear in a number of ch camps including this one, places she says where dplays of happiness are reserved for visiting officials or journalists. >> i experienced it myself. we were told ahead of the visits, "if any of you speak out, you are going to a worse place than this."er that is why ne does what they are told, including dancing and nging. ♪
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john: what, one wonders, might these people have been told by the officials ahead of our visit? they've been convicted of no crime, faced no trial. but china now believes it n determine their guilt in advance. ad some people before they commit murder alshow they are capable of it. should we wait for them to c commitme or prevent it fr happening? john: there is a lot of testimony -- we have some ourselves -- from people whoug have been ththe system who described torture, overcrowding, separation from families. >> these are not the important
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issues. the main thing is taking a person on the edge of crime and returning them ty.normal societ john: these, then, are pre-criminals, wearing uniforms and sleeping up to 10 a room with a shared toilet and nidea how many months or years they will have to stay. we tried to film other camps with tir watchtowers and barbed wire still in place. tithe giant faci look much less like schools. and we are much less welcome. we return after dark and listen as the sound of thoughts being transformed echoes late into the night. john sudworth, bbc news. jane: a rare look inside china's reeducation camps. iran has announced it will
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breach uranium enrichment limits inen0 days, a move that has called nuclear blackmail by the white house. tensions have been growing between the two countries since the u.s. accused teh attacking two oil tankers in the gulf of oman. uiran denies any role aes european countries to save the nuclear deal they signed on to during the obama administration. for more i spoke to barbara slavin of the atlantic council. the u.s. has released new photographs it says makes the case against iran for these tanker attacks.y it so difficult to make this case? barbara: i think it is a difficult for a number of reasons. first of all, the unit states basically started this escalatory spiral when it withdrewrom the nuclear deal a year ago when iran was in full compliance with e deal as it remains to this day. the other reason is that we have a president of the united states who has a tendency to
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tell falsehoods and also to not even trust his own intelligence agencies. if you want to make a case to the inteational community, you have some basic handicaps there. jane: the u.k. says it does agree with u.s. intelligence. who are they trying to make the case to? edwho do they o convince most? barbara: i think there's another aspect to this, which is that wany countries in europe and elsewhere don' to give the united states any justification for military action. if say sayhat the evidence is ambiguous, that they need to be convinced, we need mme to investigate this information, i think that is a way to deescalate the situation. jane: both sides, the u.s. and iran, y they don't want a kind of military confrontation, but how close do you think they are? barbara: the president of the united states says he does not want military combination, but there are other voicesn his ministration who have been advocating what they call limited strikes on iran. i'm thinking of senator tom,
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cottr one. john bolton has talked for a long time about wanting to bomb iran, the national security advisor. i think it is very, very delicate subjectand there is no such thing as a surgical strike when it comes to iran. this could lead to a wider war. jane: what does this mean for the nuclear dealf iran does breach limits on nuclear enrichment? barbara: the deal has been on life support for some time, and when the united states announced it would try to prevent iran from exporting any oil, that was the athblow. we are seeing the final stages now, and if iran does go ove these limits, you can basically say that the joint comprehensive plan of action, as it is known, is dead.ja : in the absence of the deal, with tensions rising, how do you restart any kind ofia talks, espy when iran says it is not interested? barbara: what is happening out -- what is happening now is
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that both sides are accumulating chips for a future bargain. iran will be developing leverage by increasing the amount of low-enriched uranium it has. pou are setting the clock back to 2013 when this was negotiated. the question is whether these negotiations could begin with the trump administration or whether theyave to wait for u.s. elections in 2020. clearly the iranians think it is time for them to put some pressure on eir own to respond to u.s. sanctions. jane: barbara slavin, thank you very much for joining me. barbara: you're very welcome. jane' egypt'former president mohamed morsi died after fainting in a courtroom. w the country's democratically elected president first who led the country for a year in the aftermath of the arab spring. mr. morsi was ousted by a military coup following mass protests across the y. he has since been in custody and facing a series of trials. orla guerin has more.
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orla: this is how state tv announced the death of mohammed f the muslim brotherhood no fanfare, no tributes, no mention that h was egypt's first democratically elected president. here is how he has been seen in recent years, a prisoner in the dock in a soundproof cage. w in court today that he spoke his last words, collapsing and dying soon afterwards. condolences were offered by the president of tipkey, richard to want to -- prkeident of t erdogan. "may iran grant rest to the martyred soul," he said. "history won't forget the tyrants who led to his death by jailing him and threatening him with execution." back in june 2012 one mohamed morsi won the presidency, there was hope for many in egypt.
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fast five and forward a year and mass crowds were -- fast forwaas a year andcrowds were to many his removal, deeming him in at. then the game -- then began the first of my trials, show trials according to critics. i witnessed mohamed morsi's first appearance in court in november 2013. instead he has been held i solitary confinement 23 hours a day, according to mp's were investigated his detention. they warned last year that a lack of medicalad care could to his premature death. now, they believe, it has. >> there needs to be an independent international investigation into the circumstances of his death. what we found is on a balance of probabilities, conditions of detention were so inhumane and so degrading that they could sustain a charge of
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torture. orla: tonight, heavy security tside the complex where morsi was incarcerated. his spokesman for the muslim -- a spokesman for the muslim brotherhood claim his death was first-degree murder. for many egyptians he is a footnote to history, but others will impact at a brief moment when morsi was a symbol of hope and democracy. orla guerin, bbc news. jane: a look at some of the day's other news. the victory parade for the toronto raptors d s been distur shooting nearby the left two people injured. huge crowds turned out in the canadian city to celebrate becoming the first basketball edteam from outside the un states to win the nba championship. the chinese president, xi jinping, is to visit north kor this week, the first such visit in 14 years. the meeting comes a week before a g20 summit in japan in which . xi is expected to hold talks
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with president trump. the world-renowned designer and artist and socialite gloria vanderbilt has died at age 95 following a battle with stomach cancer. the news was announced son, cnn anchor anderson cooper, who said his mother was anao exinary woman who loved life and lived it on her own terms. boeing has promised to leave no stone unturned in its investigations into two separate crashes which claimed a total of 346 lives. the company's entire fleet of 737 max aircraft has been grounded ever since. the head of ethiopian airlines hasejted suggestions out of the united states that pilot ever was one of the causes behind the crash in ethiopia. from addis ababa, this report. reporter: grounded, pard up, and going nowhere. for if european airlines boeing 737 max 8, they have sat here
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since rch. these to be a fifth plane. crash on a flight from addis ababa to nairobi in kenya killing everyone on board. it came down in remote countryside, several hours' drive from the bustling capital. this i where flight 8302 came to rest, behind that fence over there is the accident site. it crashed six minutes into its journey after taking off from addis ababa airport. here in the rolling fields is where 157 people lost their lives. now there is a blame game underway. some influential figures in the united states suggested the pilots of the stricken airaft were atault. ots trained in the unit states would have been successfully able to handle the situation. >> it is a tragic accident. reporter: that is a suggestion the boss of ethiopian airlines emphatically rejects. >> the senators and to be
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seriously misinformed, or does not have the facts when he says that. reporter: who do you think bears the prime responsibility? >> the fact that close to 380 airplanes e grounded since then, why on earth have they grounded 380 aplanes all over the world? simple. the facts speak for itself. reporter: the boss of the boeing airline business as been trying to avoid feeling controversy. ultimately the investigation will decide what the responsibility for both acdents were. for us, our focus is on what we know. porter: boeing says it hopes byt the 77 max flying again the end of the year, but ethiopian airlines insists that these planeshe will beast of
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the world to return to the skies. jane: you are watching "bbc world news america." still to come ononight's ogram, president trump is ready to start his reelection campaign, but polls suggest he .could have some work to hong kong's most prominent student has been released in and him eagerly called -- joshua wong, has been released from prison and has called for the territory's leader to resign. mr. wong is backing ys of mass protests against new legislation which would allow people to be extradited to face trial in mainland china. rupert wingfield-hayes reports. rupert: joshua wong was mobbed by the media ahe walked free after 31 days in jaiho many see himng kong's first political prisoner, sent to jail for organizing a pro-democracy sit-in. his release came less than a day after vast num streets demanding the withdrawal
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of a controversial extradition bill. joshua wong told me the bill would not be enough. hong kong's chief executive must go, too. joshua: she need to pathe price, she need to step down. if she do not step down, i believe the demotration, the rally that happened yesterday, is not the largest number of participants. in the future there will be a million hong kong citizens come to the streets. rupert: this afternoon hard-core protesters returned to the streets, vowing to press on until their demands are met. the much smaller number of protesters here today may not feel it yet, but they have already won. the hated extradition bill is in effect already dead. the question now is whatappens to hong kong chief executive carrie lam. even pro-government lawmakers are blaming mrs. lam for the current mess. >> now she create a problem.
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if she leave, who is going to come and take up the problem? if it was me, i don't want to touch it. ok, let her clear that up firste rupert: three of the biggest protest this territory has ever seen in the space of just one week, time may be running out r hong kong's embattled chief executive. rupert wingfield-hayes, bbc news, in hong kong. jane:resident trump is gearing up to launch his reelection campaign in florida tomorrow night. he is already tweeting up a storm for the crowds expected in orlando, but it comes as heol fights showing him being beaten by many of his democratic rivals. anthony zurcher joined me to discuss what we can expect at tuesday night's ra other white house incumbents have waited a lot longer than this. why has president trump decided to launch his reaction campaign now?
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anthony: the democrats are going to have a big debate in florida next week, so this could be an attempt to try to get the stage and ta it away from the democrats a little bit. but really we have been talking about pres since the beginning of the year. it is only natural to incumbent move up his announcement earlier than we have seen in the p jane: are we going to learn anything about what he might be campaigning on? anthony:e has put some thought into making this his campaign we will see the issues he will campaign on the next year and a half. at a rally like this he likes to try things out and see how the audience reacts, so it ca ld be ve-and-take where he throws something out and listens to the reaction and then runs with it from there. jane: much to his annoyae, the polls are showing him not doing well in key battleground states and against a number of democratic hopefuls. can we read anything into these figures at this stage? anthony: it is very early.
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state-by-state polls, some of the ones from 2016 were n curate and they were a week before the election. i would not pay attention to so-and-so is up by this much ina that. but the reality is that it shows donald trump is going to have an uphill battle for reelection. if you look at an incumbent president in a good economyen the nation is at peace, to be looking at these kinds of deficits, 40%, 39%, head-to-head against other candidates, that shows heas a lot of work cut out for him. jane: you mentioned the democratic debates. 24 candidates in the ring. is that going to give him an advantage at this point? anthony: really depends on how all of ts plays out over the next eight months or so. if the democrats tear each other apart, they knock each otherig down andight their weaknesses, donald trump could esme in and have an advantage over whoever emerom the melee. is what happened with republicans in 2012 with mitt romney. ts the other hand, this could strengthen democ
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the person w is the strongest could emerge with the finest cohoned message and able tit under pressure, and as we saw with donald trump himself, the candidate could be strong coming out. ilithave to play itself out. jane: anthony zurcher, thank you for joining me. anthony: my pleasure. jane: both anthony and i will be in orlando tomorrow so join us for full coverage on the bbc. e australia was once h at least 300 indigenous languages spoken by aboriginal communities. today, just 13 of them are still being used on a dailbasis. most of either disappeared or are critically endangered. but renewed efforts are being our correspondent hywel griffith has been to far northwestern tsstralia to see the effor firsthand. country, a land of vast, open skies that straddles modern-day state boundaries.
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the miriwoong people have been here for tens of thousands of years, but in recent decades,ng their ge has come under threat. you can see right across the miriwoong land. david and agnes are two of a handful of surviving fluent speakers. them, miriwoong is woven into the landscape. >> every the -- everything we se has language. everything that moves. modern things come along, we give them a name in riwoong. like when the first car arrives in our country. miriwoong david a name. --miriwog gave it a name. that comes from the sound that it hywel: beforpean settlement, australia was home to 300 indigenous languages. now only a dozen are left with more than 1000 speakers. language is normally handed down fromne generation to the nex but in australia, indigenous communities, that link was
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broken decades ago wn aboriginal children were taken from their families and put under the care of european settlers. and so to vive the language, they need a new generation. every ek 400 pupils at local schools have lessons regardless of whether they have aboriginal heritage. >> my favorite word in miriwoong means "crocodile."vo >> my te miriwoong word means "grandma." >> my favorite word means "swimming." hywel: a lot of money has been put into trying to save miriwoong, but the team of linguists say the fapact is r-reaching. >> there iresearch that says indigenous people learning their ancestral language are more likely to be successful in life,
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which means they are more like to get a job, more likely tol. attend sch they are less likely to struggle with substance abuse, lessmm likely to serious crimes. hywel: there is no certainty that all this effort will pay b of here they are trying everything to make sure that miriwoong is a living, breathing language for decades to come. hywel griffith, bbc news. jane:ck good o them. remember, you can find more of all the day's news on our website, and to see what we're working on at anytime, check us. out on twitt i'm jane o'brien. ing "bbc world news america." announcer: funnng for this presentat is made possible by... the freeman foundation; by judy and peter blum-kovler foundation, pursolutions for america's neglected needs;
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and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. up here. that's where... man: she took me out to those weapons. ink we're off to a great start.
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening. i'm judy woodruff. on the "newshourtonight, a wave of massive protests in hong kong sparks debate over the future of the territory and its relationship with mainla china.en amy walter and tamara keith analyze the latest campaigns moves from the democratic presidential hopefuls, and what to expect from the formal launch of president trump's reelection bid. plus, pedestrian deaths in the u.s. are at a nearly 30-year high. and in western cities that weren't designed for walking, wide roads and few crosswalks can lead to deadly consequences. >> for a mom who's trying to get to work every morning and dropf r kid with a stroller, how is that mom supposed to be able to cut across the street and use


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