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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  June 25, 2019 2:30pm-3:00pm PDT

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woman: this is "bbc world news america." is made possible by... the freeman foundation; by judy and peter blum-kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs; and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. laura: this is "bbc world news america." reporting from washington, i am laura trevelyan.
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the top border official in the u.s. is stepping down as anger grows over the treatment of migrant children in camps. the war of words between u.s. and iranian officials of the acrimony between the nations escalates. icitter is the weapon of c as diplomacy stalls. plus, the fcinating history of fast food. why americans love their guilty pleasures despite the downsides of too much fat and salt. laura: for those watching on pbs ome toound the globe, we "world news america." we begin with the growing outcre overreatment of detained migrant children over the u.s. border. american government officials say they have returned about 100 children to a troubled facily ho texas, where lawyers say
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minors were held w access to showers or enough food. the customs and borderpr ection agency houses those children, and the acting head resigned this afternoon. the bbc news north america editor jon sopel has the latest. jon: it is a nondescript government building in clint, texas, but bond unwelcoming walls, migrant children who have been separated from theirs pareve been sleeping on the floor without enough food to eat, according to lawyers who visited the facility. around 300 of the children have been moved, though somhave been returned. the case has caused indignation. this was the scene in court as an incredulous judge questioned a government lawyer. >> if you don't have a toothbrush, if you don't haveou soap, ifon't have a blanket, it is not safe and sanitary. wouldn't everybody agree to that? >> well, i think there is just -- i think those are -- there is fair reason to find that thosert things may be - >> not "may be," are. >> let the children go now!
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jon: when the child separation policy came to light a year ago, there was outrage. first lady melania trump visited the border. the president was fonto a u-turn. but the record-keeping was so abysmal by u.s. officials that roterally thousands of children remain separatedtheir parents. pres. trump: i am very concerned. and theyre much better than they were under president obama by far. we are trying to get the democrats to agree to gives some humanitarian aid, humanitarian money. jon: there is broad support over the need to do something about the surge of migrants trying to enter the country illegally. as well as reinforcing the border wall, the administration nts to send a deterrent message. but the world's richest country keeping chilen in squalor with not enough to eat? g ll, it looks as though congress is goin do something about it. the speaker of the house is pushing for vote today on an emergency aid package.
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rep. pelosi: when we go to theoo you will see our bill. it is for the children, the children, the children. jon: on the southern side of the border from mexico have deployed additional troops to slow the flow of migrants. but whether fleeing the turmoi of venezuela or drug gangs of central america, there are plenty o people willing to try their luck irrespective of what awaits them on the other side. jon sopel, bbc news, washington. laura: for more on the situation at the border, i spoke earlier with the director of the immigrants rhts clinic at columbia law school. you went to el paso and visited these children. can you describe the conditions you saw? >> thank you for having me. yes, i was in el paso last week visiting the children who were detained in clint. ai witnessed and met with more than 60 children dd there. those children were hungry, they were dirtythey were sick, and
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eney were scared. many of them have etained for days on end, weeks on end, some for nearly a month. the law is clear that childrenst e released within 72 hours, and that children deserve to be in safe and sanitaryn conditionsderal immigration custody. laura: would you say thoseil en were being held in safe and sanitary conditions, as the law says they should be?t. >> absolutely the conditions i witnessed were the most degrading and appalling neconditions you could ima thoachildren didn't haveto d sh their hands. most had not showence crossing the border some days or weeks ago. many of the children did not have access to clean clothes. their clothes were staying in bodily fluids, including nasal mucus, urine, and breastmilk for nge teenage moms. the children were . they did not have, by and large,
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beds to sleep in. some were sleeping on mats, othe on concrete floors. many of the children had not outside for days or weeks at a time. a numb of children who did have opportunities to go outside told me they could not bring themselves to play because they were trying to conserve theiray energy to live in there. laura: more than 100 children have now been returned to that facility. what is your response to that news, having seen the conditions? elora: the decision is inexplicable and appalling i don't know how this administration can send children back to clint after what wetn sed last week, after the outcry from the american people. we need to investigate all of the detention centers along the border to learn how children are being treated in america, in our
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name, with our taxpayer dollars. laura: president trump is sayini that contions in the migrant detention centers are better than they were under president obama, but have you ever seen squalor like you saw in clt? elora: i have noseen squalor like i saw in clint. i'veever been in a facility with this type of flu outbreak, with thi infestation. it is worth noting that er the past year alone, seven children have died in federal immigration custody. if you look at the data from over t near-past decade, there were no reported deaths of children in a federal immigration custody. what we're seeing now is a public hlth concern and a humanitarian crisis in clint. laura: tha you for joining us. elora: thank you. laura: irani and u.s. leaders spent the day trading insults as the hostility between the twote sides ified.
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iran claims new u.s. sanctions prove the white house is mentally retarded, while mr. trump called iran's response ignorant and insulting. the u.s. says there is no evidence thatn is given up its ambition to develop nuclear weapons. pres. trump: the people in iran are great people -- laura: just hours after president trump signed new dinctions against iran inc those which target the supreme leader personally, his hawkish national security advisor, john bolton, was in the middle east,. insisting the as still prepared to talk to iran. mr. bolton: the president has held the door open to real negotiations. all that iran needs to do is walk through that open door. laura: but iran declared the new sanctions would permanently close the path to diplomacy, while iran's president hassan rouhani mocked the u.s. strate. pres. rouhani: at the same time you call for negiations, you seek to sanction the foreign minister. it is obvious you are lying.ll
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if you rwanted to negotiate, we would have negotiated. president trump lost no time in hitting back, warning in a tweet that if iran attacked anything american, it would be met with great and overwhelming thrce. in some areas, hatened, overwhelming will mean obliteration. asked what message hwiwas sendin his tweets, this was the president's reply. pres. trump: when they are ready , they will let us know, very simple. >> ready to negotiate? pres. trump: ready to do whatever. doesn't make any difference. whatever they want to do, i am ready. laura:ran is lashing out at the president's advisers. the foreign minister accused what he called the u.s. b-team, which according to him includeso john boltoplotting for war. >> the administration has no strategic plan as to how to get iran to the negotiating table. what it is pressure.uilding when you have a pressure cooker that has no escape valve, it explodes.
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laura: tensions are extremely washington. -- tensions are extremelybe high een tehran and washington. iran has warned it may violate limits on its enrichment of uranium laid out in the 2015 nuclear deal, which the u.s. has withdrawn fr. the u.s. president pulled back from authorizing military strike last week. but if the's further provocation from iran, there's no telling what might happen. jane harman is a former congressman and now president and ceo of the wson center. she spoke to me earlier about b the frictiween the u.s. and iran. janeth harman, aamerican and the iranian presidents badmouth one another, is a peaceful resolution to this crisis possible' jane: sure it'possible, but this reminds me of the early rhetoric between kim jong-un and president trump on north korea. it is a retread.ey maybe olled out the old tweets. what is d about this is that they were talking, the american
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government and the iranian government, until we pulled out of the jcpoa, the iran deal. a now clawing our way back to have a conversation to maybe get to someplace less than what we had in the iran deal, which did contain iran's nuclear program fo it did not contain its malign behavior in the middle east -- it wasn't intended to do that, and i'm sad it didn't. but this seems to me one step forw laura: well, given what you say, do you think it is possible that the new u.s. strategy of ting to bring iran to the negotiating table by crippling its economyon through sancmight work? jane: well, i think yes and no. depends on the sanctions. i thinkil curg iran's ability to sell oil is crippling its economy. imposing personal sanctions on the supreme leader and the high
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level in the iranian government is humilting for them personally, which makes it less likely f them to talk to us. certainly that is what it sounds like. they said they will do it. the good news is there is some track two diplomacy and we have intermediaries who are trying to be helpful, but we no longer have the allies we had in the iran deal. they included three europeanco tries, russia, and china. the absence of them pulling the same c make it harder.ing to laura: iran's foreign minister has basically accused john bolton, the national security advisor, of plotting war. do you worry that the president has hawkish advisers around hiid jane: the prt does have hawkish advisers around him. he would say that, i would say -- he wod say that, they would say that. i don't see a problem with that if we have a strategy.kn i don' what our strategy is. our strategy is pull out of the deal, engage in harsh rhetoric,
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do economic sanctions, then threaten war, then do cyberattacec, then do more omic sanctions. then what? it also disconnected from other things going on in the middle east at the moment -- this bahrain conference to promote a deal for the palestinians, in which they are not participating, and the tefforts in saudi arabia escretary of state, i assume to promote the arms so the -- that the president wants and congress is trying to block. these are disconnected activities, and they don't, it seems to me, convey a form of u.s. leadership that will settle down all of the instability in the middle east, which is in our, the u.s., interest. laura: jane harman, thank you for joining us. democrats who want to be president are descending on miami for two nights of debates. the 20 candidates will disagreeu on a lotthey are on common
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ground when it comes to women's reproductive rights. though several republican-led states have passed restrictive abortion laws in recent months, some democratic-led states have protected a woman's right to choose. from illinois, aleem maqboolre rts. aleem: this is not the kind of news we have been hearing of late on one of the most divisive issues in the u.s. >> today we proudly proclaim that in this state, we trust women. aleem: in the face of conservative gains on the issue nationally, illinois just passed a bill reinforcing a woma's legal right to have an abortion. >> this room here is where they complete the surgical abortion procedures -- aleem: it has been a huge relief to those providing abortion care to women from this state and those coming in from other now more restrictive states. >> ware considered a safe state where they don't worry about the additional boundaries or being charged with any criminal charges. aleem: illinois may have passed niis bill effectively ensh
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a woman's right to choose, but it comes with a backdrop of many other states passing laws that severely restrict that right, and a sense that in amica as a whole, it is becoming much more difficult for a womaave an abortion. but many in illinois wanteit toecome more difficult here, too, protesting against this new law. >> i ask you to rise uod, and judge illinois for the sanctioned destruction of the innocent unborn. aleem: even inside the state pastor corey musgrave led a surprising prayer during the abortion debate. >> from conception, we're talking about a human being made in the image of god, and we are responsible to nurture them and take care of them and see their development grow.on >> with aborthe consequence stays with you. m aleem:lions of dollars are ninow spent in the ud states on campaigns to stop women having abortions.
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with some antiabortion groups run by women who themselves had pregnancies terminated and now say they regret it, like nancy. she wanted her state to ban all abortions, not pass a law protecting the right. >> the bottom line is it's the killing of a human being. is the killing of a bab and now with it enshrined in our law, abortion through the ninth month, i cannot accept, i cannot abide by that kind of law. aleem: in many parts of the country, nancy's way of thinking is starting to prevail, not just with emotive videos. ,th an election approachi the battle linesn this issue have been drawn. aleem maqbool, bbc news, in icago. laura:at thet twist in the culture wars over abortion.
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you are watching "bbc world news america." still to' come on tonigh's program, temporary fountains and free water, as france prepares for a record-breaking heatwave. laura: britain's most advanced weapon system is being tested in battle in iraq and syria for the first time. the latest f-35 jet has been flying its first mission in the fight against th group known as islamic state. the deployment comes amns rising tens with iran. here is jonathan beale. jonathan:ta bri's most advanced and expensive fighter jet is now ready for combat. the f-35s flying in cyprus have now flown their first sorties over iraq and syria. many five years after the raf first began its air campaign against i.s.
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britain's f-35s have flown more than a dozen missions over iraq and syria hunting down the remnants of the group knownc as islaate. but as yet, they have not fired or drop any weapons. instead, the jets,ach of which cost around 100 million pounds, have been gathering intelligence, albeit against an enemy that h already lost its territory. the real test for this aircraft will be against a more sophisticated adversary with air defenses. for example, a country like iran. the f-35 is still suffering from a host of technical glitches. the defense secretary came to cyprus to assess theit progress. omes amid rising tensions in the gulf. so is this a warning? >> eve under review.inually this deployment, for example, is part of one that was preplanned although we need more assets in. it is not in response to iran
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has been doing. jonathan: n f the focus is still on defeating i.s. it will focus on missions in iraq and syria through the vintage of the month, mbat ready if not battle proven. laura: the mercury is rising in france, where temperatures are expected to hit 40 degrees celsius and more than 100 fahrenheit late to this week. in paris, the government has designated 1000 cool spas to help people escape the heat. in 2003, 50,000 people died during a similar spell of extreme temperatures, many of them elderly. from paris, here is the bbc's lucy williamson. lucy: among the visitors to pas this week, one has come
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straight from the zahara. a blast of summer heat that is sent temperatures into the 30's and the government scrambling for cover. hundreds of cool spaces, including parks, gardens, and public buildings, have been marked down across the capital, and temporary fountains and mist makers set up to help people keep cool. the many, maybe -- the weather may be coming from the sahara, but it is not desert temperatures in transit. paris is a balmy 33 degrees today, but it is expected to ose from an in some parts france in the south are predicted to reach 40 degrees tomorrowe question being asked here, is this the result of climate change? >> for a single episode like outoday's,annot say it is due to climate change. it is like you go out in the street and you meet someone that is two meters high and ia
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humanity is getting taller. no. in general we know that, change is increasing between events and we predicted this to become more equent. lucy: global temperatures have been on an upward trend 0 r more thanars. human activity has released growing amoxnts of carbon ide gas into the, a adding to the warming. some are the waves are none at -- somsummer w heates are not unusual in europe, but this one has hit much earlier than normal. average temperatures in june tend to hover inhe0's. top temperatures are much higher, though, and some parts of france and germany this week are expected to break those peak records. nce, schools are not yet on holiday, and teenagers had e national exams pushed back this week after the government said the heat was impossible. too bad commuters on the paris metro cannot plead the same. lucy williamson, bbc news,
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paris. laura: a staple of summertime in the u.s. is not only heat, but the family road trip. a long car journey means a visit to a fast-food joint. burgers, chicken, tacos, you name it, we love it. why are americans so passionate about roadside grub? adam chandler explores this in his new book, "drive-through dreams." he joined me earlier from new york. when did fast food take off in america? adam: fast food took off as america was building thed oads after wor ii in a time of icecon prosperity, moving to the suburbs and creating thiie commun and living this hyper mobile life and driving in cars everywhere. they needed a place to eat. americans develod this passion for very affordable, very quick, very convenit food. it has become a staple of american society ever since. laura: why dyou think fast
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od is so enduringly popular, whether it is a ballgame or a road trip? adam: there's something about fast food, its democraticch acter, it is not prentious, it does not hav any cultural signifiers.of it is very muche mainstream, and i think that really speaks to its appeal. you can order pretty much whatever you want when you go eat fast foo there is generally no judgment. ere is something kind of special about that experience. it is universal. 96% of americans eat fast foodar every 80% every month. it is across all demographics insanely popular. it is a phenomenon.la a: speaking of a phenomenons, in your book you speak about the doritos-flavored taco shell. how did that come into being? adam: it is a wild story.t i speak absuperfan who
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lived in arkansas and was watching a taco bell commercial while eating doritos, and dreamt up thedea of creating a shell. taco bell had tried to create this product at one point, and they put the idea on hold, and they were buildi the idea back up, and this superfan helped to create this army of fans to he usher it into being. it became the most popular product in taco bell's history at the time of its launch. they sold 100 billion doritos locos tacos. three flavors they cs.ated 15,000 j it is an unbelievable story of chemical gastronomy coming to lifen a very american way. laura: is fast food going to survive our health-conscious ssobn? adam: absolutely. the thing about fast food is it moves with the mainstream. it moves a little slower. i would say it has 20-30 vision.
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fast-food restaurants are dabbling with plant-based burgers. millions of americans will have their first cage-free egg by way of the e mcdonald's.t as long as society moves in a direction, fast-food restaurants will pick up on it and that is a natural aspect of the fast-food trajectory. it always closely follows the mainstream throughout pushes and pulls. laura: adam chandler, thank you so much for joining us. adam: thank you for having me. laur remember, you can find much more of all the day's news on our website. plus, to see what we're working on at anytime, do make sure to check us out on twitter. iev am laura trelyan. announcer: funding for this presentation is made possible by... the freeman foundation; judy and peter blum-kovler foundation, pursuing solutions forne america's neglectes;
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening. i'm judy woodruff. on the newshour tonight: "on the border." as democrats prepare to backn emergency border funding bill, the acting head of the border patrol resigns. then, 50 years after stonewall and the launch of the modern gay rights movement. what has been achieved, and what challenges remain? >> what needs to happen is a movement needs to happen. >> woodruff: and, how schools are experimenting makingua menstrl products available to students for free. all that and more, on tonight's pbs newshour. >> major funding for tbs newshour has been provided by:

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