tv PBS News Hour PBS June 28, 2019 3:00pm-4:00pm PDT
captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening. i'm judy woodruff. on the newshour tonight: no laughing matter. amid a meeting of world leaders in japan, president trump wears a grin as he tells russia's vladimir putin not to meddle in american elections. then, boiling point. a massive heat wave grips western europe, breaking temperature records and prompting leaders to place the blame on climate change. plus, it's friday. ghrk shields and david brooks break down both nits of thede cratic debates, and more. and, an inside look at the best of contemporary art. jeffrey brown is our guide to the wide range ovoices and visions on display at the whitney biennial.
>> we really wanted to foreground ithe exhibition that actually there's a great diversity of work being made all ntry in terms of medium, in terms of ideas, in ofrms of approach, in terms of issues that are elevance. >> woodruff: all that and more, on tonight's pbs newshour. >> major funding for the pbs nehour has been provided by: >> ordering takeout.di >> f the west route. >> talking for hours. >> planning for showers. you can do the things y like to do with a wireless plan designed for you. with talk, text and data. consumer cellular. learn more at consumercellular.tvl. >> bab a language program that teaches spanish, french, italian, german, and more. >> financial services firm raymond james. t
ford foundation. working with visionaries on the ontlines of social chang worldwide. >> and with e ongoing support of these institutions: and friends of the newshour. >> this program was made possible by the corporation for public broadcasting. and by contributions to your pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. >> woodruff: president trump has stirred up a new storms over russiterference in u.s. elections. it happened today when he met with russia's president vladimir putin, at the multi-nation g20mm
in osaka, japan. foreign affairs correspondent nick schifrin has our report. >> thank you very much, everyone. it's a great honor to be
with president putin. >> schifrin: the tone was playful, the agenda was set. but then, an american reporter asked if president trump would tell russian president vladimir putin not to repeaits 2016 hacking and disinformation campaign. >> mr. president, will you tell russia not to meddle in the 2020 election? y , of course we will. don't meddle in the election. don't meddle in the election. nt schifrin: if you couldn't hear that, presirump first told putin as an aside, "don't meddle in the election, please,d and then poio putin's ivaff and repeated the phrase. the warnings are ded with a grin-- a contrast to the stone face that british prime minister theresa may mntained in her greeting with putin. in response to questions about president trump's tone, a senior administtion official described efforts to improve local electionnfrastructure, enhance voter registration and ballot counting, and recognize foreign adversaries'
manipulation of social media. "from the beginning of his administration, president trump has taken action to defend our election system from meddlin and interferen a." g2re supposed to be calm conferences, but president trump has made them less predictable. before he left, he called in to fox business to disparage the nearly 70-year-old treaty pledging the u. to defend ally d g20 host japan. >> if japan is attackewill fight world war iii. we wl go in and protect them with our lives and with our treasure. we will fight at all costs, right? but if we are attacked, japan doesn't have to help us at all. they can watch on a sony television. >> schifrin: presint trump's aides say he's personally offended by allies' reliance on the u.s. military, while those allies run trade surpluses but today, the presidera's tone on t and u.s. partners turned positive. with german chancellor angela merkel:an >> she's a ftastic person, ama
fantastic and i'm glad to have her as a friend. >> schifrin: also more friendly at this g20, the reception for saudi crown prince mohammad bin salman. last november, after the murder of journalist jamal khashoggi insideaudi arabia's istanbul consulate,e stood isolated. today, a quick handshake and pride of pce next to the american president. but the g20's main event will be chinese presiden xi jinping's meeting with president trump. the two will meet in a few hours to discuss the yr-long trade war, a the effective u.s. ban on chinese telecom giant huaweiu ng the class photo, xi, on the far left, walked across the room to shake president trump's hand. for the pbs newshour, i'm nick schifrin. >> woodruff: in a related development, former president jimmy carter said he believes president trump actually lost the 2016 election-- but russian interference won him the white house anyway.mr carter spoke at a discussion on human rights in virginia. historian jon meacham asked if
thateans he thinks the trump presidency is "illegitimate." >> there's no doubt that the russians did interfere i elections. and i think the interference, though not yet quantified, if lly investigated, would show that trump didn't actually winel thtion in 2016. he lost the election, and he was put into office because theer russians ired. >> woodruff: in a 2017 report, u.s. intelligence d encies concluat russia did interfere in the 2016 election to help mr. trump. they did not asseswhether those actions affected the outcome. a scorching heat wave d its peak today across parts of europe, sending temperatures in france to an all-time high of 114 degrees. heat alerts were posted across italy, and in spain, me than 700 firefighters battled a wildfire in catalonia, for a third straight day. we will get more of the details, after the news summary. republican state senators in
oregon are ending a week-plus walkout against climate legislation. the bill called for cutting carbon emissions, but the absence of 11 republicans denied the senate a quorum to act. majority democrats have since acknowledged they lack the votei even wtheir own ranks to adopt the bill. in charlottesville, virginia, ae federal judgenced an ohio man to life in prison without parole today, for plowing a car into protesters at a white nationalist rally in 2017. james ex fields is an avowedpo neo-nazi ser. he pled guilty to a hate crime for killing heather heyer rid in more than two dozen other people. a top justice department official said the punishment was fitting. >> the bigotry and ideology of neo-nazism, nazism, white supremacy, and the ku klux klan are a disgrace to this country, and illegal ac based on those should be eradicated from the united states.
and the department of justice has been and will continue fully to prosecute anyone who commits or perpetuates hate cres. >> woodruff: after the 2017 violence, president trump drew heavy criticism when he said that both sides wereo blame. fields will be sentenced in state court, on muer and other charges, in mid-july. the u.s. supreme court will consider president trump's attempts to end daca. that is the obama-era program that shields young migrants from deportation if they were brought into the u.s. illegally as children. the court announced today thathe it wil arguments in the fall. for now, daca protections remain in force. in missouri, the only clinic providing abortions has won another reprieve. a state hearing officer today allowed the st. louis clinic to continue offering the service at until august. the planned parenthood facility
is fighting a state decision not to renew its license. today marked 50 years since the stonewall upsing in new york city that galvanized the gay rights movement. in june 1969, a police raid on a gay club, the stonewall inn, sparked an uprising that turned into days of unrest and protests. crowds gathered at the site today for rallies, parades and performaes that will run through the weekend. on wall street today, the dow jones industrial average gained 73 points to close at 26,600. the nasdaq rose 38 points, and the s&p 500 added 16. overall, the dow had its best percentage gain for june since 1938, more than 7%. the s&p 500 jumped nearly 7%, its best june since 1955. and, the u.s. women's national soccer team is heading to the semi-finals of t women's world cup. the americans beat host france
today 2 to 1, in paris. they face england in thes semi-finalon tuesday. still to come on the newshour: europe g of a record-breaking heat wave. what the democratic debates y about the future of the race for the white house. why women decide to come forward, or not, after a sexual assault. and, much more. >> woodruff: continental europe is baking from an early summer heat wave that is expected to last through the weekend. government authorities are warning about health risks. and as william brangham reports, record temperatures are king s for sweltering condition nony cities where air conditioning is t common. >> brangham: the children seem to be enjoying splhing in
fountains in spain today. but underneath the bustle of summertime fun areamilies desperate to cool down. >> ( translated ): people like to stay in the swimming pool, olver. there are no otherions. some even go to shopping malls to stay away from the heat. >> brangham: temperatures here surged to a record 104 degrees farenheit. people are struggling to escape the unprecedented heat, day and night. >> the most annoying thing is not being able to rest.u n't sleep well at nights because you'd always feel hot and wake up. it's even more difficult for old people and those who are sick. >> brangham: in france, classrooms are empty after officials closed or restricted some 4,000 schools as a safety precaution. today was france's hottest day on record. otemperatures there reachr 113 degrees. a heat wave from sub-saharan africa has spread across large parts of europall week. the system spans from the u.k. to italy to the czecrepublic.
in berlin, police deployed wateo cannonalvage dying grass and trees.ia and in catalfirefighters struggled to control a wildfire under scorching temperatures. tonight, paris was baking as the u.s. women's soccer team defeated france at the world cup. while it's difficult to attribute any particular weather event to climate change, there's growing evidence that climate change is changing the way the jet stream flows, and that can make these events worse. michael mann is at atmospheric scientist at penn state university. >> this extreme heat is due to the fact we're seeing the really large wiggles in the jet stream. the jet stream, it's slowing down, so high and low pressureuc systems get in place. and where you get one of these pressure systems stuck in place, like we saw last year in california, you get extreme heat, extreme drought and wildfire for days or weeks on end. we're seeing the same thing happen this summer and in particular right now in europe. >> brangham: these unprecedented
temperatures this earlhe summer are a direct threat to human life.th spanish ities say the heat has already contributed to at least two deaths. a 17-year-old farm worker in d cordoba, and an 80-year- valladolid. experts warn that toll is likely to increase. >>translated ): it has a delay of one, two or three days, meaning that if temperatures increa today, the rates of mortality will start to increase tomorrow, the day after tomorrow or three days from today. so if a heat wave lasts for three or four days, you will sed an accumulmpact of the increase in mortality for three or four days after it's gone. >> brangham:any europeans know that risk all too well. in 2003, as many as 70,000 peopleied across the continent due to what were then record- breaking tperatures. but those deadly records were broken again this week, and experts warn this heat wave could be evidence of a move into uncharted waters. >> ( translated ): a heat wave of this amplitude so early in the year, in june, is exceptional. we've experienced this in the
past already, but it wasn't this tense. we should expect more intense and frequent heat waves with climate change, because it will accentuate the extremes. >> i'd like to say what we're seeing is a new normal, but it's worse than that. because a new normal implies that we've arrived at a new regime and we have to figure out how to deal with a new regime. that's not what's happening here. we will continue to see these sorts of conditions more often and more pronounced, if we continue to warm the planet and melt the arctic. >> brangham: for the pbs newshour, i'm william brangham. >> woodruff: the very first presidential primary debates for the 2020 cycle are now over, but st night's round two brought a new twist to the democratic contest-- a twisrcwhose repesions stretched into today. lisa desjardins starts there. >> desjardins: today, another important stage for former vice president joe biden. >> i'd like to say somethingba
about the we had last night. >> desjardins: in chicago talkg to jesse jackson's rainbow push coalition, he stressed h history working for civil rights and clarified, he is not for states rights on the issue. >> these rights are nofor up to the states to decide. they are the federal government's duty to decide. >> desjardins: this, after a t ek of criticism, starting with biden's words abrking in the past with people he disagreed with, and he named two senators known as ardent segregationists. on last night's debate stage, california senator kamala harris raed that directly to bide >> i do not believe you are a racist, and i agree with you when you commit yourself to the importance of finding common ground. but, i also believe-- and it's personal. and i-- i was actually very-- it was hurtful. >> that's a mischaracterization of my position across the board. i did not praise racists.
that is not true.rd >> dess: but harris's most forceful criticism of the former vice president came after she told a personal story about being bussed to an integrated blic school as a child. >> do you agree today that you were wrong to oppose bussing in america then? >> no.e? >> do you ag >> i did not oppose bussing in america-- what i opposed is bussing ordered by thent departf education. that's what i opposed. i did not oppose-- >> well, there was a failure of, - states to-- to integrat >> no, but-- >> --public schools in america. >> desjardins: today, biden tried to clarify, but stopped short of saying the federal government shoulhave enforced all busing. >> i never, never, ever opposed voluntary busing and the program senator harris participated in. >> desjards: harris' name is ringing. hers was the performance that most resonated last ght at a democratic debate watch party in miami. >> i think she was forceful. she was to the point. she was empathetic. she was really sharp tonight. >> i think kamala harris has a really good chance. i think women are tire being
ignored. i think minorities are tired of being ignored. >> desjardins: but biden, too nd fans, who said he can with swing voters. >> he is middle of the road and he explains things to them. and he's a centrist. >> desjardins: the debate itself was more raucous than the previous night, with candidates early on speaking over each other in attempts to get time. and there was more heat an challenge. california congressman eric swalwell said biden had his time in leadership, and should step aside now. >> joe biden was right when he said it was time to pass the torch to a new generation ofye americans, 3s ago. he's still right today. >> i'm still holding on to that torch.ja >> dins: vermont senator bernie sanders aimed to contrast s mself with the more moderate biden, invoking 16 battle cry. >> we need a political revolue on. people ht to stand up and take on the special interests. we can transform this y. >> desjardins: south bend indiana mayor peted uttigieg tackestions about how he
is handling the shooting of a black man killed by a white officer there, and why his p cityice force has few officers of color.bv >> we'reusly not there yet. and i accept responsibility for that-- >> you should fire the chief. >> desjardins: for the second night in a row, candidates showed a divide on health care. the more moderate candidates, like former colorado governor john hickenlooper and colorado senator michael bennet, pushed back on sanders' sweeping medicare-for-all plan, instead arguing for an optional government-run insurance instead. >> that every family and every person in america can make a choice for their family about whether they want a public option.s: >> desjardith a crowded stage and frontrunners getting the most early questions, other candidates, like senator kirsten gillibrand in particar, fought to insert themselves into the debate. >> we are going to talk about healthcare at length, senator, but at the moment my colleague-- >> in senator sanders' bill, ote the part in senator sanders' bill that is the
transition, that merges what the two senators said. >> desjardins: political outsiders author mariannell mson and entrepreneur andrew yang spoke the least. yang said today his microphone was turned off most of the night-- a charge nbc flatly denied. both raised ideas not brought up otherwise, including this from williamson on race. >> and the democratic party should be on the side of reparations for slavery ear this very rn. >> desjardins: all ten candidates agreed on one significant issue, that undocumented immigrants shouldea haveh insurance coverage. the democratic candidates will share the debate stage again next month. >> woodruff: and lisa, just back from miami, joins me now, along with yamiche aindor, our white house correspondent. not much sleep last night. u , yamiche, let me start with you. ve been talking to a lot of people. clearly, the moment that people bate was that exchange betweenhe kamala harris and joe biden.
what are you hearing about that? what are the campaigns doing to move beyond it and how is it seen as changing potentially this campaign? >> well, these moments betweenma senator harris and former vice president joe biden really get to the core and the heart of s e democratic party, wha stake in this primary. so on kamala harris' side, she interjected her self into the debate by saying i'm the only ack woman on this stage and i need a moment to speak about. ra she was saying african-americans and people of color who make up the base of the democratic party, we need to be able to give an time to speak on these issues. she told us a special story about being bused as a little girl. today this morning and throughout the day, she has been rolling outhe endorsements people have been giving her, community leaders and elected officials in iowa d new hampshire, so she's trying to build on that momenonm. he joe biden camp side, the campaign is struggling to explain his positions on federal busing and the federal
government's role in busing. he said today he never ever opposed busing,ut the it mr.o fact which is a news organization that lo tks athese things said th is a fault, he said busing is an as nine policy. campaigns are struggling to plain his positions lisa, you have been talking to the campaigns. what is your understanding? >> the biden camn pa talking about the '70s and bills he signed on to. one of the statements included a statement inkate heg had problems with busing.is so therea lot of confusion. pbad or do you think this debate is over and he is moving on to other topics? itas interesting. they said we are not giving you an answer on that. i think they're still decing how this moment is evolving and if they need to respond again.
otherwise, they are hitting the road. kamala harris is planning to go to california, theno iowa for the fourth of july, then jouth carolina. biden, iowa for the fourth th carolina.then sou so they will be on parallel tracks that may raise the general topic for that reason alone. >> woodruff: and there were eight other candidates on the stage last night. you mentioneu them in r report. what stood out among this group? what enduring? >> when you talk to the campaigns in the room,hey felt universally probably michael bennett was able to raielse hia little bit, hard to say if he'll get many more points, we'll see. kirsten gillibrand is a divvied whether she ecame more prominent by being more assertive. the whole night, she had to interrupt the most to get time. everyone else was sort of getting direct questions. pete buttigieg did not speak much inhe first r. that was a disappointment for
his supporters out the. otherwise, andrew yang only got a few minutes to speak the entire night. other candidates whose names i'm not mentioning, people n remember who they are, that's an indication ty have work to do. it's the next two months that are critica they have maybe one more debate to get up to that next tier and that's it. >> woodruff: another debate in july, then they skip august and september. a name that came up from time to time last night was president trump. what are he and his people making of the debate and how are they handling it all? >> the president and republicans are honi in and focused on one moment from yesterday's debate oment when candidates raised their hands and said if they had government-funded healthcare they would cover undocumented immigrants. the president hadn't tweeted about the debatuntil that moment and then he tweeted, all democrats just ised their
hands to giving millions of illegal aliens unlimited healthcare. how about taking care of itizens first? that's the end of that race. the "new york post" rote, who wants to lose the election, and used a picture of that moment. have republicans really trying to capitalize on the democratic debate by saying herl arl the issues that are wrong with these people. the truaimp ca tells me they're excited about people hearing about the demrat stories and policies because they think the more people learn about that the better position the president is in. we might see moments in the debate on political ads in the trump campaign. det the pre seems happy with the way the debate went. >> woodruff: no break for anybody, it seems to me. it aell accates after the first debates. lisa desjardins, yamiche, alcindthanks. >> you're welcome.
>> woodruff: stay with us. coming up on the newshr: mark shields and david brooks on how the first democratic debates affect the race for the white house. and, an inside look at the bestp of conary art. the sexual assault allegations de by writer e. jean carroll against president trump are raising questions again about what women face when they go public. carroll has said the president assaulted her in the 1990s in the dressing room of a new york city department store. her description meets the legal definition of rape. at the time, carroll told friends, but got conflicting advice about whether to speak up and file charges. she says she didn't because she was fearful.st hey, and others, are prompting questions about the choices women make after these incident we look at this with emily bazelon, an author and staff writer for the "new york times" magazine.
d soraya chemaly, who's writer and media critic. she's the author of "rage becomes her." and we welcome both of you to the "newshour". emily bazelon, i've interviewed a number of women over the years who have accused other men of sexual assault. what have you learned from them about why they don't come forward? >> i think this is still a really difficult thing to do, even in the #metoo era. women receive really mixed results. i think we're seeing that play out yet again with these accusations from e. jean carroll. she has been taken seriously, rtainly, but we seem to have a different standard for president trump than we do for judging the conduct of many other men who have been credibly accused of sexual assault. s >> reporteaya chemaly, what about you? you've looked at this issoue. i you've talked to so many women. what's your sense of why women hold bck? >> well, i think she articulated reasons that are enduring. i think there's fear of shaming, of blaming, of retaliation, of
being doubted. it's very hard because we have a cultural predisposition to perpetuate a lot of rape myths and one is women excessively exaggerate as victims, that they make things up, that there are insinterpretations. so opposed to hthe woman's testimony be considered valid or even giving her the benefit of the doubt of the innocence of not being a liar, the culture in general attributes lying to won who come forward. a woodruff: emily bazelon, do you think there hange, i think you mentioned women even today, is there a generational change? do you think are women today, younger women feeling moe comfortable about speaking up than women, say, of my generation did? >> i think, in some contexts, yes, younger women are really leading the way in terms of being more open and willing to take a riskby coming forward. but as soraya chemaly was pying, there are still women who are paying rice for being
public, and this kind of public arena where you're in the spotlight of the national medial you have dtrump's denials, that's a powerfuli dsincentive. i think one thing that is important about this stothat e. jean carroll is telling is that she has corroboration from back when she says that thisne attack hapfrom these two friends of herself. in other stories, the lack of corroboration has been kind of counted against a woman. here we onhave corroborand, yet, it's not really clear what consequences are coming out of this, this set of newvents. >> woodruff: how do you see this generational piece, soraya? >> i think the way i loo at -- distinguish generationally that's happening is we have equipped people a language that maybe didn't exist before. so even e. jean carroll sentially said, well, i didn't call it rape, i'm not that person, i'm not a m, i wasn't raped. she sort of allose to that or
dplicitly says that, an i think that younger women, a younger generation of women understand the language and also have gone through a pocess in the culture where feminist culture is actively trying to destigmatize rape so that the rape victims who are able to feel very strongly that the t, in is not theirs, bu fact, the shame should be the rapist's shame. that's a struggle in our culture. we don't live in that culture where the perpetrators really pay consequences. >> woodruff: speaking of that, chemily bazelon, how f an effect does it have on women overall that high profile women, like anita hill, like christine glazy ford, who didn't -- christine blasey ford who didn't start out high profile but came out in the kavanaugh confirmation hearings, thae t thmen are believed?
>> that has an effect. soraya is riht about the new language and the fact that some younger women are able to call s sexuallt or rape what it is without feeling that it's consuming their wole ideity. i think one of the reasons some older women are more reluctant to make that kind of accusation is that, to be a rape victim feels like it can kinof take over your whole life. some went want to say, no, there e obviously more parts to me, there was one experience. so i think making morre room fo that kind of understanding, for naming the behavior what it is but also allowing women to be fuller, more three-dimensial ople that are more than victimhood. >> woodruff: and i guess, you know, picking up on that, soraya, the fact that we are talking about this more openly, we're having conversations today, people are writing about it, speaking about it in a way that is all hush-hush. >> it was hush-hush and, you know, mainstrea mainstream medil
today we see this, accustomed to using family friendly euphemisms for rape -- he tooak antage of her, a child prostitute -- all the words we use tola dow what was happening and minimalize and trivialize it. you can hear it with e. jean carroll where shid it was only three minutes with me and i wasn't like the women in the migrant camps. so being able to use accurate language and describe clearly what happened is really important, and media i think needs to do a better job of at, needs to do a betr job of talking to victims, of sourcing stories much moreea invely -- inclusively, and understanding the issue is not a victim has noti obj, the issue is we need to think about credibility and why the experience gives them a certain kind of knowlge and makes them
legitimate as sources. >> woodruff: finally, emily, i want to ask you about the role of men in all this. do we see me conversation among men about this? isthere anything changing there? >> well, i thi some men are really trying to figure out how to support women, how to talk about this wi, th womw to listen in a way that feels deeply empathetic, and then i think some men are very nervous about the surfacing of all this conversation in the culture, ndering about how far it goes, whose conduct is in jeopardy, and these are all really deep and important questions that it's going to take le to sort out. >> woodruff: soraya. i agree with emily. i mean, i thiofnk parthe issue with #metoo is sort of the flip side, whi imen quietly thinking me, too. if he did that, i've do,ne th does that make me this person? really, it comes down o an interrogation of masculinity and
manhood. we see men are much more likely to doubt women'stimes less they themselves have been assaulted. >> woodruff: unless the thense thes. >> i believe we have many more boys and men assaulted than we are willing to admit toor wh are willing to come forward because, in fact, their shame is very, very deep. u ally takes a man until he's in his '50s or '60s to come forward. if a man has experienced assault, hresponds to stories of assault the way a typical woman does, which is much mor sympathy or empathy or likelihood to find the testimony credible. so i think it's hard for men because, in fact, if all the women around them are saying this is happening, we're being threatened or who asked, it means they are failing, in fact, to perform a fun function of their manhood, which is to protect them. nobody wants that inforustion beit's an impossible ideal ideal. men can't protect the women in their lives and follow them around 24-7.
the best way is to conr front otn. >> woodruff: it's a tough subject but one we need to keep talking about coming back to. soraya chemaly, emily bazelon, thank you. >> thank you. >> woodruff: it has been a big week for news. 20 democrats took the stage for the first time, and nine supreme courjustices finished their term with two key cases that could re-shape how our democracy functions. here to reflect on it all are shields and brooks. that is syndicated columnist mark shields, and "new york times" columnist david brooks, who joins us from as colorado. hello to both of you. david, i'm going to with you. you are -- you are in aspen, but i gather you did watch those debates over the last two nights. let's start by talking about the main takeaways. >> i'm getting in touch with the real america out her
(laughter) you know, i think my main takeaway is how far the mocratic party has gone to the left and how little moderates in the debates have anesy intin fighting it. ders,ants, warren and san said they wanted to get rid of all private employer-based health plans. only 13% of americans agree with that. all candidatesf all stripes think they can't get anybody to their left on immigration policy, and they're warning toward an open borders type approach. this would be, i think, devastating in the fall. this country has 35% of the people who call them conservatives, 35 moderate and 26 liberals. you can't win with 26 percent but this debate was entinirely wihat little parenthesis. >> woodruff: is that what aru're seeing,k, in this first debate. >> is this i don't see things exactly the way you d from aspen, but for those democts
who for the mst high moral objective is the removal of donald trump, itt hasen a good week. the great unfinished business of franklin roosevelt's new deal, lyndon johnson's great society and jack kennedy was national health insurance and at greapot tical cost, the democrats, without any help from the re tblicans, without anyotal resistance, passed in 2010 under democraticresident barack obama. ever sips then, five consecutive elections, republicans said we're going to repeal it, repeal it.tw democratto one take back the healthcare. so democrats suggest we're gengt going to get rid of it. you like private health insurae, we're getting rid of private insurance. this is a party, let's be honest, in a polarized washington couldn't pass an adjournment motion, but they're
going to pass the national health. i would say it was impractical, unhelpful and flirted with open borders on immigration. i just think the whole image of coming out of that was not a party that was responding to voters but responding to its own interests and its own constituencies. >> woodruff: when you stack the democr'ts up, isnase most of them are saying they're not ready to throw outrivate insurance yet? >> that is true. i think one thing it's worth reminding ourselves about is most vers are new these people, and the instant polls teter the debates are not qui what we read on twitter. a lot of people, and i mean a lot of their candidas saw their approval rate go up significantly. firstory booker, it's th look for a lot of people and they liked what hay saw. after biden, the conventional wisdom did poorly but not so much in the polls. he suffered with the harris
interchange on busing, but people still like joe biden.ha so hn't sunk himself. i think he has to prove next time that he's able to go toe to toe with donald trump and if he couldn't go toe to toe wit kamala harris on an attack that he should have anticipated, it will be hard tore go toe to toep with t his performance next time is more crucial. >> woodruff: how did you read joe biden handled last night? >> badly he was unprepared. he had to know the charge was coming, having had so much coverage for his mention sort os and reminisabout jim eastland of mississippi and rman talmadge of georgia asd colleagues hotten along with and arch segregationists, both. it's almost he recoiled and it was personal. i fe joe biden stood i bad contrast to pete buttigieg, mayor of south bend, who
accepted responsibility, he owned the fact that the south bend police department had not -- had failed to recruit african-americans and took that responsibility and said it's o me, and biden just somehow couldn't do that. it was a tortured argument he made for the difference between hi position in wilmington and kamala harris' -- i mean, let's be very fank, civil rights has been a national issue in this country.st es' rights has been the resistance mantra. i just thought joe biden did not handle it wewhl. asked what his principle fbjective would be first day in office, he said eat donald trump. well, if you're going to have a ice, that's aoff given, you've defeated donald trump. >> woodruff: so, david, whether it was kamala arris or pete buttigieg, or lest we forget the first nht when we had elizabeth warren up there with the others, were there candidates who significantly lped themselves in tse
debates? >> yeah, i would say warren and hais would be the two. what's interesting, is right now, the key fight is who's going to be the progressive rival, who's going tobe the face for the progressive side of the party, and warren anerd saand harris are all vying for it. i think warren and harris did rticularly well. i've always thought harris would be the most formidapre ressive because her whole life going back to when she was a prosecutor, she's just aul forc arguer. she says i have an eye for an enemy and i know how too after them, and that strikes me as the mood for a lot of progressives and democrats so they help themselves. i think what's interesting is will there be a moderate reprisal. y klobuchar fm minnesota should have said i don't think our party should go there, she should have pulled that punch. michael bennett from coloradoto trieo that. then the final piece is buttigieg, who seems to hover,
would say his path to nominatiot two camps get tired of fighting each other and need ait candidate and buttigieg could potentially be that type dr person. >> wf: how do you see where anybody in this group lps themselves. >> december 9, 2003, six weeks before the iowa caucuses, al gore, former vice president who had won the popular vote against george bush in 2000, three years earlier, broke the political worldwide open. he endorsed howarda den, democratic fumer state chairman and made his nomination. five weeks over the dean campaign was over. this is opening day of the season. collectively for the amocrats, itnot good. think of the 80 yards of the filid that repns have surrendered to them on the abortion issue. republicans have beenning away from what republicans did in alabama and georgia, and in
missouri and ohio, and president who's been distancing himself, even, and what do democrats do? i mean, they basically, you know, just endorse abortion and throw in, well,ow about trans people, covering abortion? to me, they weren't thinking streejcally. i mean, they own the majority position in the country. so, to me, i just don't understand the strategy. >> i would si across all issues -- iould say across all issues there's an insulatorty issues. whether it's economy, abortion, immigration, i don't thipe they'reiving how a lot of people even in democratic house districts are per steveing thm and seeing them as something quite strange. >> woodruff: i want to ask you both about the bi supreme court decisions that came down yestery. david, you saw a divided court,
two big decisns, the first one on what's called partisan jeer gerrymandering, where states draw lines based on partisan reasons to hurt the other part of thel poitical. the court said that can continue. >> gerrymandering is a complete manipulation of the electorate. the question isow to fix it. i think the best way is through independent commissions. voters in eight states so far, five in 2018, voted to create an independent commission and have th draw the lines and frankly say that's a better option than letting legislators do it who are inherently compromised because of political or letting the courts dot who have no accountability. so i'm sort of glad e crts say this isn't going to be an issue, but it means everyone has to work harder to get independent commissions in their own state.
>> court found segregated tools are separate but equal. that's basically what the decision was yesterday. we found out this is unjust, undemocrat this system, but we're not going to dirty our own hands with it. agree with david in the best of all possible words, iow arizona approach, we have a commission and it's fairly done and not done like it's been done in ohio or maryland or north carolina, but, you know, it's got to be remedied. i mean, we talking about a democracy under siege. in this countryund for rssia, as we've learned again. so, you know, to me, i just think justice kagan wasig absolutely, it's a duty and a responsibility to act. >> woodruff: both of these decisions are very much affecting the functioning of our democracy. david, less than two minutes, the other decision d to do with the trump administration's attempt to insert a citizenship question in the 2020en csus. the court in this case said the
trump argument had not been one that they could buy. so -- and they sent it back and said, for now, we're not going to let this go forward. what does this say to you? >> yeah, the word i think justices used was "contrived. it was a contrived argument. they were trying to figure out a way to deter immigration and not provide benefits for communities who have a lot of immigrants or maybe undocumented immigrants. so there's no way to ask this or try to use census to push people into the shadows which is at this is an attempt to do. i wish there had been a more clear ruling but they ut ater elementary truth that this was contrived reasoning to deter immigration from coming out in the open. >> woefodruff: the custice joined with the four more waberals. >> they did, and i based on a lie. the congress saying the justice department wanted this to enforce the voting rights act which is a total fabrication.
it came from the department of commerceit came from the political arm of the trumpump organization. wilma ross, secretary of congress, did not originate with him intellectually but did politically. it was an attempt to rob people of what is deserved, not simply representation in numbers, but so my programs, the fomula is based upon need, and if we don't even know these people, if they're in the shifdowshey don't exist, they will be deprived of what ey are owed. >> woodruff: both of these decisions very mucworth reading over the weekend if people haven't had a chance to. thank you both, mark shields, david brooks. >> woodruff: it is a big moment with some of the biggest names
of today, and the future, in contemporary art on display.wn as jeffrey bxplores, these works at the whitney biennial can also inspire controversy. it's part of our ongoing arts and culture series, "canvas." >> brown: it's called "procession," by artist nicole eisenman. large sculptural figures installed on a roof terrace at the whitney museum in new york, made of plaster, metal, fiberglass-- a bit of everything.it the largest and brashest piece in the 2019 version of thi whitnenial, widely considered the country's premier survey of contemporary arican art. works by 75 artists in a wide variety of media and formats:l on the w photographs by john edmonds, and curran hattleberg. on the floor and in the air, in rformance piece by brendan fernandes. rators rujeko hockley an jane panetta want us to see that
american art today comes in many forms, and from alover. >> that's something we really wanted to foreground in the exhibition that actually there's a great diversity of work being made all across this count, in terms of medium, in terms of i ideaterms of approach, in terms of issues that are of relevance. >> you know, while dealing with big, socio-political questions that are on the table in a major way right now in the country, the work didn't feel angry or polemical, but it felt hopeful and often productive. >> brown: one thing they found, even in this high-tech age? artists still like to make things by hand. 31-year-old pat phillips, from a small town in louisiana, painted a giant mural addressing issues of race and incarceration that comes with its own wood fence and bench. there are finely-crafted
sculptures by diane simpson. and daniel lind-ramos, whose assemblage of tools, branches, natural and salvaged materials, hecomes a kind of shrine to the suffering from017 hurricane in his native puerto co. shd, there's also the strange, translucent torsed hanging forms, hand-made by ragen moss, who wants us to walk around and peer inside them >> sculpture's, to me, categorical imperatives , it can teach us about space like nothing else. >> brown: moss is also a lawr, no doubt unusual for a biennial artist, but she likes the way her two disciplines make her think differently. >> when you're a lawyer, you're given a set of facts. they are not in your control. and a good lawyer's job is to analyze, issue, spot, address themnd solve them. art could almost be an opposite funnel, where there are no facts. i make the facts, and then i t
solve problemshat don't exist. i set my own questions. >> brown: the whitney biennial is known for addressing current political issues, but this year, the museum itself has become the focal point, in a controversyfa similar to tng other cultural institutions. the metropolitan museum of art and other museums have been targeted in the last year forg accept-called "toxic philanthropy" from the sackler family, linked to the opioid crisis. at issue here, the vice chairmab of ioard of trustees, warren kanders, a leading funder, and head of a company called safariland, which makes military and laenforcement equipment. after reports that its tear gas canisters were ud on asylum seekers at the u.s.-mexico border and elsewhe, activists, tho've held regular protests at museum, demanded kanders leave the board. no action has been taken to date. speaking to the press at the
biennial opening, whitney director adam weinbed this: >> this is a challenging time for many of this country's cultural and educational institutions. at the whitney, we are engaged daily in exploring a range of difficult topics, including these complicated questions are also being debated publicly, with a range of viewpoints being expressed on all sides. we are taking these questi seriously. >> brown: one direct response at e,e biennial came from the group forensic architecthich produced a ten-minute video called "triple chaser"-- named for a type of tear gas grede-- that tracks and vividly illustrates its use at hotspots ld.und the w a group of museum employees signed a letter calling for r kanders ign. among them, biennial co-curator hockley. >> this is certainly a different sort of controversy, and one that we didn't antipate at any time. you know, i think that we are all making our own personal choices about how to approach and how to handle these different situations.ha >> brown: moretwo-thirds
of the participating artists also signed on to a callgnor kanders reion, including nicholas galanin, an alaskan of ceingit and unangax descent. >> this is a refero that noise in conversation towards cultural communities, which is our histories, our stories, our voices. >> brown: but his work in the exhibition, including a large tapestry called "white noise: erican prayer rug," rais different questions for art museums and the larger society, about what he terms "agency for indigenous people," including artists. >> if we look at numbers and statistics, who is represented in these spaces often? it's been a slow overturn. in the world of art history, in the world of art history that's taught, the idea of craft versus fine a. those are all real conversations and those are frameworks that get placed onto us. >> brown: do you see that changing, especially in institutions like this? >> slowly. it's not fast enough. >> brown: this biennial is
unusually diverse-- more than a half its artis women. additionally, more than half are artists of color. it also skews young. three-quarters are under 40, including eddie arroyo of miami, whose suite of paintings of a small restaurant in his littlene haithborhood is an artistic approach to documenting and fighting gentrification.yo re capturing the images of certain buildings. >> yeah, certain buildings, i feel, are important or notable. also i anticipatednstances where there was going to be decisions being made on what structures or businesses ared allo exist, and which ones were allowed to either be evicted, or perceived as failures. >> brown: why a business lasts, or doesn't last. that could be an issueor developers, that could be for lawyers, that could be for journalists.co >> thad be for people in the neighborhood as well. >> brown: yeah, but why is it for a painter, why is it for an artist? >> because i live there.
>> brown: as simple as that.di in a deeplded america, the artists chosen by curators panetta and hockley exhibit a quieter to than in the past. you have to listen for it, as in kota ezawa's animation of football players kneeling during the naonal anthem. and look for it, in jeffrey gibson's huge banners. >> a lot of those big socio- political issues that we're grappling with in this country right now are there in the work. i just think in a lot of cases there's a combination of poetry and interest on the part of the artist in infusing that content with aesthetic decisions, decisions around paint color, material. >> for us, i think we hope when people come to see the exhibition that they find it engaging, that they find it an teresting and illuminating experience to move through the galleries, but also that perhaps it hps them to reframe some their thinking around some of the most difficult issues of our time. >> brown: the biennial exhibition is up through september 22. for the pbs newshour, i'm
jeffrey brown at the whitney museum inew york. on the "newshour" online now, everyone wants to save the bees as their popontadecline every year. a new suggests we may be saving em to death. researchers found viruses may be spilling over from commercial honey bee colonies into wild bee populations. learn more on our web site pbs.org/neuhour. a newate, president trump upon leaving japan says he will stopn south korea and invites north korean leader kim jong un to meet him at the demilitarized zone. we just learned this. that's the "newshour" for tonight. and that is the newshour for tonight. i'm judy woodruff. have a great weekend. thank you, and good night. >> major funding for the pbs newshour has been provided by: >> kevin. >> kevin! >> kevin?
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♪ hello, everyone. welcome to "amanpour and " compan landmark rulings from the supreme court that will shape america's future just as the democratic campaign kicks off in earnest. i talk to van jones and barbara worker. then, women's soccer explodes onto the top tier of the global sporting scene. plus, fair view, the breakout new drama that forces us to face our owndi preces. ♪