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tv   PBS News Hour Weekend  PBS  June 29, 2019 5:30pm-6:01pm PDT

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captioning sponsored by wnet en >> sreivasan: on this edition for ssaturday, june 29: ; ncessions on trade with china as the g-20 wraps ve and resistance: stonewall at 50; and a push for more integr new york city schools. next on "pbs newshour weekend." >> pbs newshour weekend is made possible by: bernard and ene schwartz. sue and edgar wachenheim iii. seton melvin the cheryl and philip milstein family. dr. p. roy vagelos and diana t. vagelos. the j.p.b. foundation. rosalind p. walter. barbara hope zuckerberg. corporate funding is provided by mutual of america-- designing customized individual and group retirement products.
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that's why we're your retirement company. additional support has been provided by: and by the corporation for public broadcasting, and by contributions to your pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. from the tisch wnet studios at lincoln center in new york, hari sreenivasan. >> sreenivasan: good evening and thanks for joining us. the united stateand china put their tariff war on hold after president trump and president x jinping the g-20 summit in osaka, japan today. the agreement does not endal tariffady in place, but the president said the u.s. will not impose new 25% tariffs on $300 billion in chinese imports that he had threatened, and that we will lift some restrictions on the chinese technology company huawei. in return china will reportedly buy mo american agricultural products and trade talks will resume. >> we're going to work with china on where we left off to
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see if we can make a deal. china is going to start, they're going to be consulting wh us and they're going to start spending money even during the negotiation to our farmers, our great farmers in thest. >>reenivasan: before the multinational talks wrapped up and bere heading to south korea, the president tweeted an invitation to north korea's leader, kim jong un, to meet him at the dilitarized zone between north and south korea. "if chairman kim of korea sees this, i would meet him at the border/d.m.z. just to shake his hand and say hello." a north korean official called the trump twitter invite "a very interesting suggestion." questioned about t possible meeting at his news conference today in osaka, the president said north korea was" receptive," but did not confirm that the meeting would happen. for more on the g-20 and president trump's wide-ranging news conference, scott horsley-- chief economics correspondent for npr-- joins us now from seoul, south korea. first off, the big news is the china trade riffs, any kind of
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negotiations that might restart again. >> china has a kind of longa history of ying rope-a-dope with the united states, nodding, saying we're going to make changes and then maybe not actually changing their behavior. so if the measure is going to b actual verifiable changes in china's behavior, this could be really tough negotiation, and certainlye trump administration will continue to hold out the threat of even mory tariffs if ton't get what they want. at the same time, you know, don't forget welready have 25% tariffs on some $250 billion worth of chinese imports. a lot of those are not thing that are quite so visible to annsumers but they are having effect on the u.s. economy. >>eah, i was down in wisconsin this week, a lot of farmers are feeling it. let's talk also about what's happening in terms of this possible visit in north korea to the d.m.z. and the president seems to suggest an impromptu possibility of chatting with kim
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jong un. >> so the president tweeted that he was inviting kim jong un to come and have a hand shake with him at the d.m.z., the heavily anrtified border between north south korea. they say they've got an positive responserom the north koreans but aren't saying definitively kim will show up. >> you have one dayon lefhe trip. what are the expectations, what will happen in korea? >> this will be a compelling ldoto onif kim jong un shows up. trump said he wave no problems about stepping into north korea. so i think there certainly will be apectacle. but is there going to be meaningful movement on thnd effort to north korea's outlawed nuclear program q that's anothestion. remember the last time kim and trump met, it didn't go so well.
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president trump was sort of downplaying expectations for a substantive movement on the denuclearization puzzle. it's probably going to be a couple ofments at most if he and kim do meet up. >> also press available to ofs? so a press conference? a very wide ranging one? y new news from that? >> the president had news toan unce, news that would rally the markets that the economy would feel good about with this trade truce with chi. he buried the lead, gave a lengthy opening statement and barely spelled out what the trade truce wowfnlt reporters asked can you explain what was doing on, mr. pre adent? but o touched on the potential meeting with kim, the democratic debate. he was joking with reporters saying, do you want me to stop, keep gng? says i'm in no hurry, my plane will wait fore. a lot of reporters who had commercial plane tickets were nervously lookg at their watches and saying we don't want
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to stop the questionsut we have to make our way from japan to korea soon. >> scott horsley joining me from seoul, south korea, thank you so much. >> my pleasure. >> sreenivasan: in a pair of iflings late yesterday, a u.s. federal judge in cnia blocked the trump administration from using defense department f nding for construction oa wall on the border with mexico. u.s. district court judge haywood gilliam ruled that $2.5-billion allocated for anti- drug programs could not be used for the wall. two cases-- one filed by california on behalf of 20 states, and other led by the a.c.l.u.-- challenged president trump's order to divermore than $6-billion in federal funding after declaring a national emergency last february. the rulings clear the way for the u.s. ninth circuit court of appeals to take up the issue as soon as next week. florida govern ron desantis signed a bill late yesterday that puts limits on a planned
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voting rights expansion for convicted felons. the state's voters passed an amendment in november to restore voting rights to as many as 1.5-million people with felony records. but the republican-controlled state legislature voted in mayui to r felons to pay court- ordered fines, fees, and restitution to victims before they can register. the american civil liberties cunion of florida and othil rights groups have already filed block the law. on the italian island of lampedusa in the mediteranean sea, a german captain of a humanitarian rescue ship was arrested todayfter ramming an italian police motorboat. the captain said she decided th 40 migraon board could no longer wait toock after 17 days at sea. the migrants were scued from a boat launched by libya-based human traffickers. italian officials were refusing to let the migrants dik until other european union member states agreed to help. the nations of finland, france, germany, luxembourg, and portugal have now offered asylum to the migrants.
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ptlawyer for the ship's can said she was arrested for resisting a warship after she hit a customs and border police force motorboat blocking access to the dock. no one was injured. for more on the fate of the migrants and the captain of the rescue ship, visit pbs.org/newshour. >> sreenivasan: the stonewall riots in new york city were a flashpoint in civil rights history. 50 years ago, gay, lesbian, trans and other gender non-conforming people ried at a bar called the stonewall inn, liter police raided the club. the new york publiary has one of the largest collections of artifacts from that tumultuo being displayed in a major exhibit. newshour weekend's ivettee feliciano spth the exhibit's curator about what is widely seen as the birth of thef modern dht for l.g.b.t.q. rights. r: in its exhibit titled "love & resistance: stonewall 50," the new york public library is marking the momentous anniversary with never before seen photos and artifacts
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from an era that defined one of america's great fights for human rights. >> these are really t me of the fimonstrations in the united states for l.g.b.t.q. rights. >> reporter: jas baumann curated the exhibit and is coordinator of the library's l.g.b.t.q. initiativ he says the events at new york city's s changed the face of gay and trans culture and activism. the weeklong uprising that began on june 28, 1969 brought to light systemic crackdowns on a culture that was not seen as socially acceptable. >> these kinds of raids were fairly routine at these clubs the village in the 1960s. many of the bars that catered to gay and lesbian and also transgender patrons were illegal clubs. because a bar could be shut down or lose its liquor license, in eye 1960s in new york, if had gay or transgender patrons. demonstrations in '65. >> reporter: the exhibition begins during the period before the historic rebellion, in 1965.
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>> you'd had this almost a decade of this political activism. ere were also a number of riots before stonewall around the country-- at compton's cafeteria, at the black cat and other establishments that leads up to it. e reporter: one of the main attractions of tibit, rare photos by noted photographers kay tobin lahusen and diana yvies, who captured every life. >> so often, multiracial,i- muhnic couples. often also older couples to shot that l.grelationships aren't these fleeting illegalgs clandestine thbut really that you can make a life together. eporter: another section shows photos of pioneering demonstrations like this one from a 1965 march in front of the white house. >> so you have these activists from the 1950s and 's who had a very kind of conservative appearance, who were often trying to find ways to slowly work within the system. >> reporter: but the exhibit demonstrates a change in the tone of l.g.b.t.q. activists
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after stonewall, particularly in san francisco and new york city's greenwich village. >> you have this new generation that joins. and these younger people who were on the streets of the village really have a much more confrontational politics. >> reporter: featured in the exhibit are activists marsha p. johnson and sylvia rivera, two transgender women color who, in 1970, co-founded "star" or the "street transvestite action revolutionaries." e organization addressed the concerns of low-income and homeless queer and trans ethnic-minorities. >> people debate about this, but it seems fairly clear from people's memies of stonewall, that it was actually transgender women of color who were really he front lines of the conflict with the police those first three dama of stonewall. ha p. johnson and sylvia rivera were on the frontlines of all the demonstrations in 70e ivfore them you didn't have this kind of street am. they really had a very broad intersection political agenda. >> reporter: this new wave of
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activism emboldened thousands across the country to express themselves. dozens of organizations formed, including the gay liberation front and radical lesbians. the exhibit also features gazines that existed before stonewall that boldly brought people out of the shadows. >> they start puing real happy lesbians on the cover. before that, lesbians would be depied as killers as mentall ill as criminal, right? or suicidal. so to have this happy, out, well-adjusted human being, full human being on the cover of a magazine as a lesbian is totally revolutionary. >> reporter: another section titled "bars" features invitations to dances, bars, and discos that blossomed after stonewall. >> so you see in the activism part of it is creating alternative nightlife, of creating these dances in all of these kinds of different alternatives to police entrapment in the bars. so it is about creating these spaces for freedom. (cheers and applause)
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>> reporter: to recreate this era, the library hosted at cabaret ni april with a performance by the iconic singer hed comedian justin vivian bond. >> i called my mup. i said, "mom, we're going to bei in ' fair.'" she said, "is that a gay magazine?"au ter) >> reporter: also featured were a younger generation of tivists and entertainers >> my sisters are literally dying. ♪ (cheers and applause) >> my sisters are literally dying. ♪ ♪ ♪ dying >> l.g.b.t.q. history really isn't taught in schools. they aren't being brought up getting this history. we're often given this kind of narrative where stonewall's sord of like this geginning of gay liberation that starts, and then all of a sudden, then there's gay marriage, and we're not given all of the steps in between. and i think the real lessons from all of that is that our society changed beuse people
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became active politically. and it can inspire people today to really realize that our society changed because people got out of their houses, and into the streets. >> reenivasan: the landmark 1954 supreme court decision brown v. brd of education declared school-based racial segregation to be al.onstituti it was intended to desegregate schools-- but that isn't exactly what happened, at least in new yorktate. researchers have found that new york city has some of america's most segregated schools. in the first of a two-part report exaning school diversity and equity in new york city, i met with a group of students protesting segregation, and visited a district in brooklyn with a plan to increase diversity. this is part of our ongoing series, "chasing the dream:an povertopportunity in america."
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>> we are integratenyc! ( cheers and applause ) >> sreenivasan: on the 65th anniversary of brown v. board of ucation last month, students from across new york city gathered in times square.ey anded out newspapers declaring "retire segregation" and called for the city's public schools to be integrated. >> it's been 65 years since segregatioin schools on the basis of race has been ruled unconstitutional. >> sreivasan: a u.c.l.a. study of public schools found in 2014, and again this year, that new york remains the most segregated state for african american students, with 65% of them in intensely segregated schools. the study found it was the second most segregated state for latino students. we sat down with three new york city high school students-- members of the group integratenyc-- who have been meeting with school district leadership, urging them to implement what they call a "reao integ" plan for the next generation of students. >> looking at how the city is segregated, we've e ticed that the five main ways thatgr
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the ation happens. >> sreenivasan: the students' plan addresses what they call the five r t. enrollment process, the resources that are distributed, the retionships in the schools and the curriculum. restorative juanice practices teacher representation. >> the mission is to have real inteation in schools. more resources for everybody. >> sreenivasan: how do you get there? >> by getting more young people into the movement because they're the ones that are affected by the system, and telling students that don't feel like leaders that they are leaders and th can make change in their own schools. >> sreenivasan: what does an integrated school look like to you? >> an integrated school would reflect that outwards community. if there's a certain percentage of white students, black, asian, latin, you know, the school should be able to reflect that. there's students who are english language learners, students with disabilities. there's different ways that students experience life and all
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of those different experiences put together in a school community are what make it so different and special and help the students learn from not only the content they're being taught but each oer. >> sreenivasan: new york city aps more than 400 high schools. when eighth gradery, they rank their top 12 choices. but"ny schools have so-calle screens," such as tests, attendance or g.p.a. requirements. >> you're a 12-year-old. and you have to choose out of a huge book and some of them with tests you have to take. but the problem withis that if i go to a school in the bronx, there's not-- there's not that many resources as some schools that have higher pay or higher resources than in manhattan or in brooklyn. like, there's different schools with differe resources. >> sreenivasan: so not all new york city public schools are created equal. >> no. >> no, they're not. >> the fact that we have any school system that is still segreged is really an indictment on all of us. so we want our schools to reflect the diversity of our
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city. >> sreenivasan: new york city schools chanllor richard carranza has led some of the country's biggest school districts. he says big changes to thece admissions p have begun, not for high schools, but for some middle schools.nt he poito progress for the admissions process at middle schools in two communityed ation districts. there are 32 of these districts across the city. brooklyn's district 15 is a racially and economically diverse district. it serves 6,000 students across 11 middle schools. a "working group" of community leaders, parents and educators looked at the district's data and found that the middle schools' use of screens, such as test scores, tardies and absences, disproportionatelyov "r black and latino students from the applicant pool. the group developed a diversity plan for the district over three public workshops, and proposed a plan, which the chancellor approved. dl district 15 removed all the screens of their mschools this year so students this year got to go to-- and choose to go to middle schools that in themi
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past where thet have been screened out. >> sreenivasan: in brooklyn, the district 15 diversity plan meath that while frade students still rank their middle school choices, previous as test scores, g.p.a., and attendance are no longer used. d w, seats are assigned ba a lottery. to reflect the district populaon, half of the seats at a school are prioritized for students eligible for free and reduced lunch, engliguage learners and those living in temporary housing. >> we heard from a lot of community members and engaging with families that really we ought to just create a school that serves students. any stent who wants to attend. >> sreenivasan: principal michael perlberg at m.s. 839 says that the district plan allows all students "equal access" to the school >> m.s. 839 was founded four years ago. it was the ly middle school in the district that used a lottery to admit students. and as part of a diversity pilot program, it began to set aside 40% of seats for low-income students. it's a random lottery for every
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single school. so there aren't any hoops for parents to jump through odi ons to make. >> sreenivasan: what are some of the challenges of rolling out a plan like this across an entirdi rict? >> i think buy-in. i know that a lot of families don't want their kid to be the first one for something to be tried out on. >> sreenivasan: do you think that it will scale? >> we've had a really positive experience with it. we've had to be really proactive and do a lot of work wit teachers and students and families arounanwhat does it o work in an integrated school? so from looking at our m curriculum aing sure it's not just a eurocentric curriculum but thawe are addressing the rich histories of all of our families, fro working with teachers and students about talking about race and having difficulter cotions, so i know that school leaders across the district have already been havinghose conversations about how to how to support their staff. >> sreenivasan: at m.s. 839, students are taught using a so- called "expeditionary learning" model.
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that means they have many outdoor and hands-on projects, but also have electives in the arts and music. in april, offers were sent out for next year's sixth graders in district 15. when will you kow at what you're trying is working and that you can institute it everywhere else in this city? we're monitoring very closely to make sure what are the consequences what are intended and unintended consequences? and being nimble to be able to address those issues as well. sreenivasan: given that you've worked in all these big school districts around the country, what have you learned about integration, equity, these kind of big ideas and how theynd translate downow can how they can work in new york? >> it's never an easy conversation. it always means looking in the mirror. and in the mirror i say "is what's reflected back truly what we believe in?"re and if t not an alignment with what we s we believe in
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and what the data is telling us the actual outcomes are, then why is that? so you have to work on systems and stctures. i've learned that in every community i've lived in. and i've lived on the west coast,ow in the east coast, and in between. and every community this issue has been an issue. i think the difference right now in new york city is that we are taking it on. >> sreenivasan: this month chancellor carranza, alongsi matthew diaz from integratenyc, announced that five additional districts would receiv$200,000 each to develop their own diversity plans. >> why not make a plan for youth, with the youth? >> sreenivasan: they include two more districts in brooklyn, and a district each in the bronx, queens and staten island. but the chancellor's most ntroversial proposal is to eliminate the admission test for the city's elite "specialized high schools."th story will air tuesday in part two of this series. >> this is "pbs newshour weekend," saturday.
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>> sreenivasan: little research has been done when it comes to understanding the early development of transgender children. psychologist and macarthur fellow kristina olson is using sciencto help change that. av ost recently ibeen study ago large cohort of hundredsof transgender and nongender children to understand what they're liefnlgt three to twelve when they start the study and we're following th for 20 years until they are young adults. two major findings from the transyouth project so far. these kids living as boys and girls who did not seem to be rhat gender when they were born have a gen that looks remarkably identical to the children born in their gender. a transgender girl looks like any other irls on our measures.
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if you could show me the data on a given child i could tell you whether they were gul girl or boy but not transgender. the second minder is the transyouth in our prject have good mental health. their ntal health seems to b as strong as any other child we have been studying in terms of having no higher rates of depression, for example having typical levels of high self-esteem, very young child. i think my interest inul part with transgender children came from a combination of just feeling like there's a group of people and in particular children ave really not been studied, and i found that to be unfortunateat given here's lots of decisions families and children have to mke, and thought this is an opportunity for science to play a role. i was quite surprised to learn that there was really not scientific research about the experiences of young were actually living as their gender and, so, that's when i decided that, you know, maybe that was aou way i make a
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contribution. >> sreenivasanfinally tonight, luis alvarez, died today. he is the former n york city police detective who pleaded with congress earlier this month to extend health benefits police officers, firefighters and others who responded to the september 11th terrorist attack alvarez died from complications of colorectal cancer, a disease heat was linked to the three months he spent inoxic rubble of the world trade center searching for survivors and then the remains of the tds of victims. he told lawmakers he was heading to his 69th round chemotherapy the day after his testimony. luis alvarez was 53-years-old. that's all for this edition of" pbs newshour weekend." m hari sreenivasan. thanks for watching. have a good night. captioning sponsored by wnet ptioned by media access group at wgbh access.wgbh.org >> pbs newshour weekend is made possible by: rnard and irene schwartz.
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sue and edgar wachenheim iii. seton melvin.e eryl and philip milstein family. dr. p. roy vagelos and diana t. valos. the j.p.b. foundation. rosand p. walter. barbara hope zuckerberg. corporate funding vided by mutual of america-- designing customized individual and group retirement products. that's why we're your retirement company. additional support has been provided by: and by the corporation for public broadcasting, and by contributions to your pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. be more. pbs.
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