tv PBS News Hour PBS July 1, 2019 6:00pm-7:01pm PDT
captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> brangham: good evening. i'm william brangham. judy woodruff is away. on the "newshour" tonight, we are on the ground in hong kong as protests move from the streets to inside a main government building, and police heuse tear gas to disperse crowds. then, president trump makes history crossing into north korea. what his embrace of longstanding adversaries means for u.s. foreign policy. plus, exiting the stage-- from money raised to barnstorming key battlegrounds, the state of the democratic race for the white house after the first debates. and 25 years after the fall of apartheid, how south africans are working to heal the lingerg scars of racial hatred. >> the kinds of entrepreneurs we work with, are deeply aware of what inequality can do in this country. spite these difficulties, what
can you do to build your life, your community, your enterprise. >> brangham: all that and more's on tonigpbs newshour." >> major funding for the pbs newshour has been provided by: a language app that s real-life conversations in a new language, like spanish, french, german, italian, and more. babbel's0-15 minute lessons are available as an app, or online. more information on babbel.com. >> consumer cellular. >> financial services firm raymond james. >> the william and flora hewlett foundation. for more than 50 years, ngvancing ideas and suppor institutions to promote a better world. at www.hewlett.org.
>> and with the ongoing support of these institutions: and individuals. >> this program was made possible by the corporation for public broadcasting. and by contributions to your pbe station fromrs like you. thank you. >> brangham: this has been a day of spreading protests and rising tensions in hong kong,2 years since britain handed the city back to mainland china. acorvists took their demands democracy to the very heart of hong kong's government today, before police regained control. foreign affairs correspondent nick schifrin reports from hong kong.
>> reporter: this is the seat of power inong kong and tonight it's been defaced, occupied, and abandoned. there are actually no protestors here left here. ( breaking glass ) but over the last 18 hours, protestors broke into this building through heavy glass, and occupied this space. they believe that legislators here were tryingo push through a very controversial and unpopular extradition law, that would allow hong kong to extradite suspected criminals to the mainland china. but their fears are larger than that. they fear tndhat the indece that hong kong has enjoyed for years, is being eroded. and just a few minutes ago i spoke to one of those protestors and he was unrepentant for the violence. >> some may say we broke in the
>> reporter:o then why is it rth it? >> reporter: there are people within this movement who say that this was a mistake, and you needed to stay pceful in order to make your point.on what's your se to that? te >> rep a few minutes after they left the chamber, the protestors came out here and we saw a real clash with police. police fired tear gato try and disperse the crowd. and, for now, it seems to be have working. we're actually retreating with way from thers legislative council.t so iems like, for now, the police have won the battle.
but these protestors say this is a war, and they will fighting it. oney'll keep fighting until the chief administraarrie lam steps down, until she withdraws fully the extradition bill. and they say they will continue om fight the feeling that hong kong is losing sof its independence. and they will keep going on that hhalf. i'm nick schifrin g kong. >> brangham: hours later the leader of hong kong's government, carrie lam, condemned the protestors and praised the police response. in the day's other news, activists in sudan now say at least 11 pple were killed sunday in clashes with security forces. it happened during mass protest demandinansition from military to civilian rule. hundreds oprotesters returned to the streets today, to grieve the dead. they carried the bodies wrapped in cloth and held hands while channg. sudan has been in turmoil since longtime ruler omar al-bashir was ousted in april. at least six people died today in afghanistan's capital when
taliban fighters detonated a powerful truck bomb. more than 100 others were hurt. the blast in kabul sent a cloud of smoke over the diplomatic district. officials say the bomb went off near the afghan defense ministry. police ultimately killed the five attacrs in a ten-hour gun battle. the bombing came three days into a new round of peace talks between the u.s. and the taliban. iran officially announced today that it has breached the limit on low-enriched uranium that was set in the 2015 nuclear deal. the iranian government had already warned it would sharply increase uranium enrichment. in tehran, foreign minister mohammad javad zarif said his country had to respond to biting u.s. sanctions: >> ( translated ): only by illustrating authoritye put the us in their place in negotiations, even if talks ar needed. we never accept yielding to pressure, but if someone respectss, they will enjoy our respect in return. we will make the world talk to
us only with respe, never threats. p said iran is "playi with fe." more on this after the news summary. u.s. nd u.s. customsorder patrol opened an investigation today into offensive online posts by current and foer border agents. "pro publica" and others reported they made racist and sexist remarks about migrants and lawmakers in a secret "facebook" group. democrats in the u.s. house condemned the posts, after inspecting a detention site near el paso, texas-- and as trump supporters heckled and shouted. >> that was a vulgar, disgusting and vile page. that shows, unfortunately, that there are many within c.b.p. who've become desensitized to the point of being dangerous to the migrants in their care-- ( crosstalk ) --and to their co-workers. >> brangham: some of the online
posts also mocked a father and young daughter who died last week trying to cross into texas. today, those two were buried in their native el salvador. in japan crews resumedci comm whaling for the first time in 31 years. today a fleet five vessels left a northern japanese port. they returned later with two whales as their initial catch. japan engaged in so- "research" whaling after 1988, when the intnational whaling commission banned commercial catches. now, tokyo has witi.rawn from thc. entirely. u.s. economic expansion is now the longest ever recorded, starting its 11th yearhis month. the recovery has sent unemployment to long-time lows and raised overall household wealth-- but it has also left the richest americans holding a greater share ofational wealth than before the great recession. opec members decided today to hold down production for nine b more months in to shore up prices. and on wall street, stocks rose
on the weekend news that the us and china are resuming trade talks. the dow jones industrial average gained 117 points to close at 26,717. the nasdaq rose nearly 85 points. and the s&p 500 added 22. and, the city of guadalajara, mexico is recovering after a eakish hailstorm on sunday. the hail piled as much as five feet deep in places. officials called out soldiers to help clear away the hail, while families played in the icy streets. there were no reports of injuries. still to come on the "newshour," what president trump's friendly approach to adversaries means for u.s. foreign policy; where tie 2020 democratic presid hopefuls stand after last week's debates. and much more. >> brangham: as we menoned earlier, iran declared that it
is now making more low-enriched uranium thant agreed to in the 2015 nuclear deal. the white house responded by saying that it would continue its "maximum pressure" campaign on the regime until tehran changes course. this comes amid increasing nsion with iran, after the iranians shot down an american drone two weeks ago and president trump nearly launched a retaliatory strike. for more on what today's announcement means for iran, the i'm joined by karim sadjapour. he's a senior fellow in the middle east program at the carnegie endowment for international peace. welcome back. >> great to be here. >> brangham: help us explain the significance of irangn blo past this low enriched uranium threshold. te i think just as the u states builds revving against iran with economic sanctions, iran builds leverage against the united states by reonstituting its nuclear activities or escalating in the region. so i think it was predicted and predictable that iran would
eventually start to increase its stockpiles of low enriched uranium. it will start to reduce its cooperation with international weapons inspectors. i don't think this should be confused that iran is making a mad dash towards a nuclear weapon. this is a very calibrated ease qulaition. essentially, what iran is trying to do is create internation divisions rather than international unity. >> brangham: as you mentioned,th is something of a two-pronged strategy to both sort of test the limalits of the nd how far they can get away with that, but, also, if you believe u.s. intelligence, to disrupt the flow oeoil as saw the damage to the tankers coming out of the persian gulf. is it your sense that this approach is going to work for the iranians? are they going to get their goal? te i think the iranians are probably trying tt president trump's resolve. i mean, we've seen in other contexts, for example, venezuela, president trump, after a while, started to question the wisdom of soe of his hard line advisors like john
bolton and i think the iranians feel if they continue to resist and continue to show theorld that there are going to be costs for america's pressure campaign against iran, that, at some point, trump may start to question the wisdom of his approach. >> brangham: and the iranians said we have to do this because the u.s. pulls out of the deal and imposes these sanction a that's really biting on the iranian economy and we want the europeans to step up and fill the gap do you think the europeans will try to fill thatu and help iran? >> it's very difficult for europeans because, essentially u.s. sanctions force companies and countries around the world to make a very sime ple cho do you want to do business with america or iran? so even though the europeansre sympathetic to iran, they believe that it is the trumpmi stration which violated the nuclear deal and is provoking iran to escalate. for major european companies, you know, their business in iran
is minusculepared to the business in the united states and, so, i think the europeans really have limited ability to save the iranian economy from its downward spiral. >> brangham: so you touched on how the president mightbe getting cold feet about further escalation, but play it out, maw do youne that the u.s. will respond? we heard the president say the iranians are playing with fir what do you imagine happens next? >> i think we'a re in ngerous situation because president trump has simultaneously provoked an eas cay lower tykele with iran while also making it clear to the rld that he doesn't want conflict, that, you know, conflict is not good for his reelection campaign in the united states. and, so, it could leato an iranian miscalculation, iran believing that they need to react to u.s. pressure, they need to counterescalate, and they may be altogether in few free punches because the united states doesn't want war. we're in a dngerous dynamic and
it's really driven up by the differing interests nation states, america and iran, but two very different leaders, 73-year-old donald trump and 80-year-old iranian supreme leader ayatollah khamenei. >> brangham: how does this play in iranian destic politics? what constituency are they tryiwh to satisfy? are the demands there? >> it's an important question, and one of the things we seen reported much is the state of the iranian economy and popular frustration iran. in fact, the iranian government has been prohibiting reporting i fran because i think there's growing frustration, there's tremendous economic discontent. this is a country which has one of the world higst resources of oil. they went from exporting 2.5 million barrels a day of oil and now down to 300,000 barrels a day. with the passage of tim a hot snurm iran, there's going to be
growing pressure on the ree to simply do a deal or at least negotiate with the united states, especially when presidt trump is make making it very clear he wants to negotiate with iran. >> brangham: in that sense the president's strategy thus far may pay the dividends the president wants. >> that's assuming it doesn't ensnare the united states into some type of a conflict situation which very few people in the united states airan want. so i think it's going to take tremendous discipline and also require the united statesto send a clear signal to iran about what is america's end game because, currently, you have a president trump who has consistently told the iranians he just wants a deal,ns negotiatbut you have a national security in john bolton who sent the opposite signal who has advocated for military streaks and regime change in iran. so thanian regime needs to be clear about, you know, what is america's end game. you really have -- you kno you have a u.s. president with no clear strategy, an iraan
supreme leader with only onegy clear strahich is resistance against america. >> brangham: karim sadjapour,ay as a thank you very much. >> thank you. >> brangham: president trump returned last night from a whirlwind trip to japan, for the g-20, and an historic visit to south korea-- and for a brief moment, north korea. as john yang tells us, mr. trump's particular style of diplomacy, with american allies and with adversaries, was on full display. ( cameras clicking ) >> reporter: from "fire and fury," to a historic first stepm president trbecame the first sitting american commander in chief to set foot inth korea. talk of war from two years, now long replaced by smiles, as mr. trump and kim jong-un shook hands sunday. they then met for nearly an hour in the heavily-fortified demilitarized zone that has separated the two koreas for 66 years.
today, north koreastate media hailed the impromptu sumant in >> ( ated ): the top leaders of north korea and the united states agreed to keep in close touch in the future, and resume and push rward productive dialogue for achieving a new breakthrough in the denuclearization o korean peninsula and in bilateral relations. >> reporter: before embarking for the d.m.z. sunday, mr. trump took credit for making the hastily organized visit happen.w the third time the waders had met face-to-face in >> president obated to meet and chairman kim would not meet him. the obama administration was begging for a meeting. they were begging for meetings constantly and chairman kim would not meet with him and for some reason we have a certain chemistry or whatever. >> reporter: former aides to mr obama shot bacin unison that he never sought a meeting with e north ko leader. a new round of talks are expected to begin in the next few weeks with l groups, which will lay the
groundwork for any future, higher-level negotiations.em their last a at nuclear talks broke down iu.february. th had been demanding the north completely dismantle its nuclear program. but "the new york times" reported the u.s. may now settle for a nuclear freeze. the president's national security aiser john bolton was quick to dismiss that claim. he took to twitter calling the arptcle "a reprehensible att by someone to box in the president," and added, "there should be consequences." meanwhile,ack overseas, the north's neighbors welcomed signs of progress. from china... >> ( translated ): >> china has always been committed to realizing denuclearization, maintaining peace and stability on the peninsula and resolving issues through dialogue. >> reporter: ...and even japan... >> ( translated ): >> the japanese government considers this meeting an opportunity to restart u.s. and north korea's process.
japan welcomes and supports this meeting. >> reporter: president trump's meeting with kim was the latest in a series of recent attempts toengratiate himself with s of the world's most- authoritarian leaders. miat was on full display at this weekend's g-20 sin japan. he playfully told russian president vladimir putin not to ddle in the 2020 u.s. election... ...and assured turkish president recep tayyip erdogan that theu. won't impose sanctions on turkey for buying russian "s-is 400"le defense systems. mr. trump also had praise forow the saudi prince, mohammad bin salman-- in spite of his ile in the murder of saud journalist jamal khashoggi last october. s t at the same time, the president contin take aim at some of america's greatest allies-- like german chancellor angela merkel, whom he's ngiticized for not doing more to boost defense spen he also dealt a setback to japanese prime minister shinzo abe, after criticizing decades-old security treaty with japan as "unfair." for the pbs newshour, i'm john yang.
>> brangham: for more on thend prosons of working with controversial world leaders, we turn to ambassador william burns. he worked in the u.s. foreign service for 34 years, was s. ambassador to russia and to jordan, and he helped lay the groundworkor what became the 2015 iran nuclear deal. he details his career book, "the back channel" which is just out. ambassador burns, welcome. ambassador burns, welcome back to the "newshour". >> brangham: great to be with you. >> brangham: we've seen a encapslation of the president on the world stage giving a very warm embrace tado rsaries and enemies, we might call them, and very cold shoulder and criticism of a allies. what do you think of the president's approach. >> i think it's o a mistake. while relationships matter in diplomacy andtoou have eal with the leaders, when you have
to engashate youelf with autocrats and acting dismissively toward allies and friends, that's a misuse, i think,f america's influence in the world. what sets us apart from russia and china subpoena our capacity to draw in alliances and mobilize coalitions of countries. >> brangham: withomeone like kim jong un, i mean, the president made this historic visit yesterday to orth korea, stepping over, which no president has ever done, andt e presideeps saying, my relationship, just as you describe it, is my perresonal tionship with kim jong un that is going to move negotiations forward. what do you make of tht approach? >> i think personal relationships have to be connected to realistic strategies and, so far, what th president ne and what are effectively three summit eeetings with kim jong un long on showmanship and symbols and short on substance. so the real test now is how do you use that personalco relationship tnect to the hard-nosed business of diplomacy and actually producing somethinn terms of limiting
north korea's nuclear missile prograand ultimately hoping to achieve full denuclearization. >> brangham: do you thstk with this recent meeting this weekend and announced plans for ongoing talks at we are onhahe path to >> reporter:. i hope that's the case, bit e mains to be seen. i mean, i think tst is going to be whether the president and, you know, his advisors ae able to pursue a realistic strategy. i don't think there's a chance in the world that, in the foreseeable future, kim jong un is going to fully denuclearize. so the question is can yotake steps toward that ultimate goal and, if you set aside the irony of what i'm about to say, you can take a page from our clear negotiations with the iranians anere we first did an interim deal which frozerolled back their program, introduced quite intrusive verifation and monitoring procedures in term for very limnited sactions relief, we preserved the bulk of a that leverage for the comprehensive talks.m it ns to be seen whether that strategy is one
president trump pursues. >> brangham: let's talk about a man you know very well, vladimir putin. we saw that meeting with president trump and and putin ts weekend where the president seemed to ush off election meddling and holding russia's feet to fire about tha the president argues his relationship with putin is paying dividends. what do u think? >> i don't think it's the right approach and i think to vladimir putin it appears to be an effort to ingashate. if you could have seen the cartoon balloon coming out of putin's head at the moment it would have read what an eay mark because to him those are signs of weakness. a brangham: your own former boss, president obd to deal with the iranians for the iranian nuclear deal. if theoal is worthy, isn't
this sometimes what presidents just have to do? >> i think is dealingh autocrats in some ways comes with the territory, but i think you have to avo. tra you've got to avoid the trap of thinking that the object of the exercise is just to get along,tr avoid thp of trying to engraishate yourself. you have tobe careful not t pull your punches on american s values or concerns, that going to get you anywhere, and i think you also have to understand that a lot our leverage comes from our alliances and par partners in te world and you have to draw on those to deal with autocrats. you have to do it with your eyes open and do it in a hoard -- hard-nosed way. >> brangham: the pre argues his efforts helped foster those negotiations and he needs to be tough on our allies to make them, in the case of n.a.t.o., pay more on their nding.e sp he argues he is moving american values. maybe it doesn't look the wa the diplomatic community likes it to look but that he is moving
our s lues in hiown way. >> the president is right to push some of our n.a.t.o. allies to spend more on defensehe's t the first president to do that, just as he's right to push against some of our rivals,ike china, to push against their predatory trade and vestment practices, but how he does it is cportant. so in the case ina, you would want to comake common cause with partners and allies like european union and japan andshare concerns about chinese behavior. >> brangham: to the developments in iran, you were right at the beginning and lped forge the opening that led to this nuclear deal. iran annarounced today the breaking one part of that with regards to low enriched uranium. what do you make of this development ? >> i think it's an unfortunate step. sadly, i think it's entirely predictable a little more than year ago president trump decided to abandoned our compliance with
the iranian nuclear deal. i think it could lead to greer collisions down the road. i think we're embarked on agy straf coercive diplomacy which so far is all coercion and no diplomas si. >> brangham: ambassadoll ms, thank you so much for being here. >> thank you so mu. >> brangham: stay with us. t coming up "newshour," education and entrepreneurship-- south africans work to undo thet lasting devastn of apartheid. and, just in time for the holiday weekend, our guide to the very best books of the summer. heading into this holiday week, the democratic presidential candidates were out in full force. as yamiche alcindor reports, major themes from the first debates-- including race, criminal justice and immigration-- made their way onto the campaign trail. ( cheers and alause )
>> reporter: at san francisco's pride parade ts weekend, california senator kamala harris sought to build on hakout performance at last week's debate. >> we remember those who have fought for civil rights. for equality. >> reporter: harris' campaign has announced it raised an eye- popping $2 million online... in the 24 hours following the thursday debate where harris criticized former vice president joe biden for his past opposition to busing students to desegregate public schools. but since, harris has been the target of online attacks, that have questioned her racial identity, as the daughter of a jamaican father and indian mother. on saturday, president trump's son donald trump jr retweeted and then deleted a tweet latet saturdayclaimed "kamala harris is not a black american. she is half indian and half jamaican." a flurry of harris' 2020 ic competitors quickly came to her defense. biden wrote on twitter that "the same forces of hatred rooted in
the birtherism movement, which donald trump fueled against candidate and then president barack obama to question obama's citizenship and race, were now being used against harris. and new jersey senator booker tweeted that harris "didn't have anying to prove." utl that comes as south bend indiana mayor petegieg is dealing with tough issues of race and equaly in his city in the aftermath of a shooting of a black man by a white police officer last month.tt ieg attended a prayer event in south bend today, after participating in a peace walk with city and faith leaders over the weekend. e challenge we face n south bend is symptomatic of nation distrust whether mistrust between communities of colors and police departments or ch bigger pictures of consequences of systemic racism. >> reporter: the mayor h been one of the few democraticat candid to speak of how his faith guides his progressive values. but on saturday, massachusetts
rren madelizabeth some of her most personal and public comments on her faith, at also at the event, hawaii congresswoman tulsi gabbard and minnesota senator amy klobuchar, who pushed for racial and gendei equalitheir remarks. meanwhile, social justice over gration policy remained centerpiece of former housing and urban development secretary an castro's campaign thi weekend. castro visited a migrant center t,holding children in clin texas, where he again called to decriminalize crossing the border. texas congressman beto o'rourke also rallied support a visit to the clint facility over the weeken after clashing with castro over immigration in the debate. o'rour also visited shelter in ciudad juarez, mexico, where he criticized a new trumpon administraolicy that requires migrants to wait in mexico while applying for asylum in the u.s. >> ( translated ): they are waing weeks, months, even years possibly to get justice in our system in the united states. >> reporte speaking in
spanish, o'rourke called the administration's "remain in mexico" pocy "unlawful" and "inhumane." and that brings us to politics mo bay. i'm jointamara keith of npr. she also co-hosts the "npr politics podcast." and carrie budoff brn of "politico." thanks, ladies, for being here. i want to first show you a new cnn poll. it's looking at support the 2020 democrats have and comparing it to that of a month ago. joe biden is down 10%. senator harris is up 9%, senator waen is up 9%. i should mention black voters s strongport joe biden in this poll at 36%. tamara, what tuning of these numbers? >> i checked in with a bun of democrats who've i've interviewed in the last several months by the debate. i said what do you guys make of its? did it change e way yo're thinking about the candidates? the responses i got are pretty well reflected in foul and one big quonesas been, for a
very long time, will joe biden's lead be du part of the case that his campaign has been making and that voters have sort of bought into is is idea that 'sa's electable, he's inevitable. a number of democratic voters said as soon as that ini'vetaability seems less real he could seet in his numbers. we're see ago hit in his numbers after the debate. >> this is one of the first polls we're seeing after the ofbate comparing to a month ago. what do you thinthe numbers? >> two things, one, the race is wide open, as tamara side. biden is firmly at e top, but it is tenuous. at the same time, we're seeing solidification of the top tier. it's about fiveandidates -- e biden, sanders, kamala harris and elizabeth warren firmly in that group -- and then, of course, buttigieg with ge fundraising numbers
solidify him in the position of the potier. t wood open but we're seeing the solidification around the top tier andlong those i think it's anybody's game. >> i want to talk about senatn harristhe issues with her race. i have been talking to civil rights ledeaders andocratic voters who are saying these attacks in question of w she's black enough are simply racist, birther-ism 2.0. they're trying to make the distinction of people kidnapped from africa, did your boat land in jamaica or the united states, it's very offensive to people in this country. what do you make of the fact that donald trump, jr. is making these attacks. >> it's not just donald trump, tr. who deleted the tweet and insisted i was jsking a question of whether it's true. it's also katrina pierson, a spokesperson for the campaign, that says kamalharris isn't real african-american, in one of her tweets. and this is part of a pattern of
essing to, in a way, depr african-american support for someone who is potentially a very strong val to president trump. you know, in the leadup to 2016, the trump campaign, at the same timehey said they were trying to win over african-american voters were also taking that seemed to have depressed the african-american vote and turnout. so they don't quite know how to deal with kamala harri yet. one aide i talked to said she hadn't been polling that well.yo know, she doesn't have a nickname yet. so as they're trying to figurede out how to with her, now these tweets. >> tamara is talking about the trumcampaign relly trying to figure out how to deal with senator harris. i'm also hearing that in my own reporting. carrie, what does thisell you about the broader approach of how he might deal with harris ab she mighome higher in the polls? >> i think it's an open question now. as tamara sai she doeot
have a nickname yet and that is a big part of when we ow people strike, you know, sort of t note in trump's world. at the same time, flects an uncertainty about how to address her and to deal with her. but i think what we saw over the ekend and the reaction from the field, it is very much an echo of 2016, the strategy is very similar. there is a candidate who can bring out the obama coation at was so successful for two terms in electing president obama, kamala harris is seen as somebody who could possibly d that, right? so that poses a very deep threat to the president because hillary clinton wasn't able to do that. so if you get some independents who are no longer on board withe trump comwith the obama coalition, that is a real concern for the trmp -- for trump-world and you see it reflected in conversations with politico and eland you see the reaction from the field,
whether exactly la or somebody else, they aredr. whether kamala or somebody else, that that is very problematic for the democratic party. >> baton rouge rolled out fundraising numbersthat made a lot of people talk. he raised $24.8 billion in second quarter ending june 30th. what do those numbers tell you about how the race is shaping up? >> by any standard, that's a lot of money. we're hearing at this point a background that this is going t large comurm for the field but, again, we don't know. pete buttigieg came out with 7 million the first qua kamala harris came out a few days later, raised more. pete buttigieg has been good about working the media.he ot the headlines as the big fundraiser of the quarter when
others surpassed him. so huge number particularly for the mor of south bend, 30-something years old, but let's see how the rest of the field does and we can stack it up then. >> what do theumbers tell you about the energy in the democratic field? >> act blue which is the fundraising platform for democrats said they had a record day yeterday so pete buttigieg has big numbers. we're expecting other numbers to me out that will also be big, and simply the numbers that act blue is talkingtbout means tha there are a lot of democrats willing to spend a lot of money on politics or a lot of democrats willing to spend little bits of money on sevecarl idates. >> it should say you're talking about candidates spending a lot of monerey. ths also a candidate possibly talking about his campaign on the lawn and thinking of president trump ande july 4 and lincoln memorial. my week is already feeling long. what are you looking at wen you look at your week, carrie? >> well, i am, like you,
yamiche, wondering how the fourth of july will play out here in washington with it movingrom a very nonpartisan event to trump putting his stamp on it in a very personal way and what that does to the day. i'll be looking at it closely. >> tamara, you're at the white house with me. are you also looking at president trump? >> i am watching the fourth of july. he announced a short time ago there will be tanks, thoug likely stationary tanks. spe real question is he frequently giveseches in non-political settings that turn into political speeches. the white house promises this is not bua political speect can he resist. he didn't resist at the bow boy scouts or another july 4 event in 2017, so does he keep it nonpolitical. >> these are days you think people aren't paying attention in the meia, but this is such a
new thing, think about the attention 's going to get jus for stepping out and doing this, even if it's nonpolitical, he's getting a huge platform on the fourth of july a wrapping himself in this. as i saw over the weekend, ever the showman. >> ever the showman is a good way end politics monday. thank you tamera keith of npr and carrie budoff of politico. >> thanks. >> brangham: this year marks the 25th anniversary of democratic rule in south africa-- and the end of the brutal apartheid era. t many challenges remain among them, providing equal education to all south africans. special correspondent fred de sam lazaro reports on two unusual efforts to improve black education. >> reporter: it's not a yoga studio but a university, the maharishi institute, with a business model and curriculum as unlikely as its founder
>> this is what we do at the maharishi institute >> reporter: 51-year-old taddy blecher trained as a statistical analyst in the insurance. busine but after south africa transitioned from apartheid or racial segregation, he says he felt compelled to address its abysmal legacy in black education.da in africa's most advanced economy, just 37% of youth have the equivalent of a high school diplomaes >> the realin south africa, even 25 years into freedom or democracy now.re pretty sta there's between 52-54% youth employment. so these youth get extremely disillusioned, often violent and angry. >> reporter: maharishi recruits begin with intense five week orientation that stresses self discovery and harmony.ow a fo of the indian guru who preached meditation, blecher says its improves concentrationo vation and reduces the high stress that dominates most students' lives. >> in our intake this year and last year, not a single one of these students who've got grade
12 is actually at gr level. not one. we don't care how low a person is, uh, we believe that person because of their drive could climb evert. >> reporter: for students the early steps of that climb can seem, well, foreign. >> i mean i'm black and, um, i'm catholic, and i'm like, at is this meditation? >> reporter: nontokozo ndlovu is a senior marketing major fro soweto, the impoverished black township that bears many scars from the anti apartheid movement. this monument is to the 500 people killed in a 1976 protest itions in the schools >> what happened was thousands and thousands of students from tdifferent schools came o fight oppression >> reporter: today, the hurdles for black college aspirants are academic and financial. ndlovo, raised in a lower middle class family, says she could tsver afford to go anywhere but maharishi, which cbout $170 a year-- a fraction of the
average university tuition in soh africa >> i'm able to pay this amount because i work within the institutand i'm able to get to school every day also. >> reporter: ttion is subsidized thanks largely to partnerships with major corporations that receive tax breaks to aid so-called black empowerment programs, as well as on-campus businesses thaalso liploy students. >> extra salt, gand chips? >> reporter: between classes here in johannesburg, students mpwork in call centers on , taking orders for large restaurant chains. then, at 4:00 p.m., seniors go online for some classetaught at the u.s.-accredited maharishi university in iowa, where the day is just beginning. more than 18,000 have graduated, blecher says, with impressive results. w have an 80% graduation rate and 95% job placement rate. >> reporter: he r ys a key to ccess is discovering their passions then turning them into a vocation-- something eblack south africans wer historically never allowed to
do. the racially defined apartheid system may have ended 25 years ago, but educators will tell yoh some of the stereotypes it engendered are still very much alive. among the most pervasive is that blacks are, by nature, n entrepreneurial. patmanabhan pillai says it's a stereotype that is deep ingrained among non-white south afrins themselves. >> we need to recognize that oppression and internalized opprsion is a part of who we are as a people. >> reporter: 56-year-old pillai, whose ancestors came from india, runs a social business called life co. it invests in sustainabl businesses like wind farms and uses the profits for programs to train entrepreneurs, assisting people like nonthanthla joye to develop their ideas into sustainable businesses. >> we have cauliflower here, we've got thyme here >> reporter: joye's busiss
started out of necessity. as she recovered from cancer treatment d couldn't work, she invented a low-cost way to grow organic vegetables. >> when i started this, i was hungry. i had no food, i had no job, i had nothing. the only way i could feed myself was to grow vegetables in my garden. >> reporter: the idea-- an urban garden that needs very little space-- spread to her neighborhood. >> it means these three bags can be able to feed plus/minus 10-12 ople. >> reporter: joye now has a twork of more than 50 farmingnd co-ops achools. ♪ ♪ >> the kinds of entrepreneurs we work with, are deeply aware of what inequality can do. yospite these difficulties, what can you do to buil life, your community, your enterpris and so on. >> reporte the key message from both pillai and blechers to pass their knowledge and
skills forward. >> so our idea is around connectedness that everybody needs to help somebodylse. ♪ ♪ >> reporter: that, he says is key to improving the education and socio economic status of black south africans-- and bringing some harmony to what remains one of the world's most unequal-- and violent-- societies. ♪ ♪ for the pbs newshour, i'm fredam de sazaro in johannesburg, south africa. >> brangham: it is that time of year-- as many head out on vacation, along with their sunscreen, they pack a good jeffrey brown is here now with a roundup of some of the best summer reads, part of our arts and culture series, "canvas."
>> this is a time of the year when many catch up on their reading while away on vacs ion. leok at some interesting reads for this summer. for that we're joined by maureen accordingen, npr, a professor at georgetown uversity and author of "so we read on, how the great gads by came to and why it endures." and carlos lozada, nonfiction ok critic for "the washington post," won the pulitzer prize in criticism this year. first off,gr conulations. >> thank you very much. art us off with two or three fiction picks. >> my first pick would be "ocean wong," a vietnamese poet writer. won a lot of awards for volumes, "night skies with exit rounds."t the title of his debut
novel is "on earth were briefly george." it's abimmigrant story, semi-autobiographical. wong was born in vietnam and came to this country when about two years old. i it's figurthe form of a letter by a young man written t his mother anhis mother is illiterate. she works in a nail salon. d really, it's a novel that you read because to hav -- becaf the language. wong's use of language is spectacular. it's a small book. i found myself taking a long time to read it becausei kt rereading pages. jill simmonsel nov"the body in question." i think jill simmons is a novelist under the radar in terms of litcerary tion. she's been writing for a long time. this is a wonderful novel, again short. it's about two jurists on a
vequestered trial for murder, and they start hing an affair. so simmo does a great job in terms of catching people's personalities and, you know, kind of the emotional energy int ury room and in the motel where everyone is sequestered. 's really a novelout guilt, the murder as well as the guilt of the two elicit lovers. >> carlos, you're our nonfiction guy here. start us off with a couple of those. i saw a list. it's politics. >> i work at "the washington st." what can i do. one i want to high light is called audience of one. donald trump, television and the fracturing of america, by james poniwozik. when we think of president trump and television, we think of howb much he watches and his the meld with fox news and like. this is a book that looks at how trump has embodied and benefited from some of the big shifts in television programming over the
years, t rise of popular anti-heroes and theise of polics in tv. the "new york times" treats plump as the most important character in television. the next book is "theses" tru by jill lapor, the historian and new york writer. 's one volume looking at the self-evident truths of the declaration -- human equality, natural rights -- looks at whether we've lived up to the >> i talked to her on the program. idefinitely worth readng. maureen, you have a couple in the mystery category. >> summer mysteries, they go together like gin and tonic. the first one would be james elroy, this torm. ybody who's read elroy knows that he writes -- he writes himself like astorm, like a
hurricane. eth set in 194n2, jauary '42, in l.a. of course,ia rainstorm coming into the city, a body i unearthed in griffith park from an older crime. you've got japanese citizens being interned. you have fifth columnists in the city. it's over the top, crazy, barbara stanwyck makes a cameo, loads of historicaligures. but what elroy is doing is writing this epic of l.a this is his fifth novel in his l.a. series, and it's really about the corruption that's general all over the city. so that's -- that's a fabulous one. and then ruth ware is a brish writer, a relatively new discovery for me, anyway, andr she has beening these mysteries that are sort of deaf any demorier type mysteries that
are a gothic tradition. her latest is "the turn of the key" and indebted to "the turn of the screw" by ry james, a governess in an isolated mansion. the mansion is a smart house, so it's technologically up to date and seems to be watching her, ts of unseen forces are watching her as well. >> okay, carlos, you picked a novel and a book of poetry. o yes. the bopoetry is called "citizen illegal" by a young mexican-american poet, and it's just funny and touchg at the me time, and it really grapples with some of thele coty and absurdity of identity today. a lot of it is set ichicag where he's from. there's a poem called mexican heaven which is memorable. ve watched him recite . and the novel i want to high light is a couple of years old now,ut i wish it had gotten
more attention than it did. it's called american war biomar elikad and massage an american civil war set late in this century. it's a climatear, a reources war. you have internally displaced peoples,limate refugees, youth radicalization. florida is now the florida sea. the capital has mov inland to columbus, ohio, which always the sign of dystopia when the capitol is in ohio. red ame blue ica have ceased to be election night constructs and are real physal and political realities. >> that's a few books for the immer. we have to leavethere for now, carlos, maureen, thank you very much. >> thank you. >> brangham: parents often struggle with the right way to set limits for their kids: how much tv is ok? what about online video games? how late can they stay out with their friends?
it can also be tough to know just how to answer their pointed questions about the worlt, toni also part of ourva "c series, author karen russell shares her humble opinion on why children need to hear the truth. >> the first morng i took my two-year-old son to daycare, i erived with a box of carefully labeled blankets ara clothes; enough diapers, i felt, to last him until college. i was so anxious i almost didn't notice the man lying on the snowy ground beside us. shards of ass haloed his bare head. my son looked up to me, the satellite tower, waiting to receive my signal: whadid i make of this grandfather, sleeping in rags on concrete? was this normal? was i concerned? should he ? how do we tell the story of suffering to our children? some people might advise: don't say a word, lady. it's way too early. a parenting website told me to
shift the focus from the stranger's pain to my son'sri secuty." first and foremost, you must reysure your child that the are safe." that reassurance is getting harder to give in portland,eg oron, where family homelessness is on the rise and one in four people spend over half their salary on rent.ta i unde the impulse to reassure our kids that nothing is wrong; to say, "it's very sad that some people don't have homes, but you are safe." but this is a ghost town of a sentence.o the subject? even the feeling of sadness is floating there, unclaimed.th children heapassive voice. unless we give ourselves an active rolto play in these folding crises, kids will absorb our quiet acceptance of we status quo. they won't know thcan be agents for change, or even that chge is possible. every sunday my parents drove my friends and i to volunteer at a shelter, five nutes by car and rlds removed from our miami home.
i can't recall a word they said to me now, but i do remember my father laughing with a homeless veteran. i remember my mom helpinn another woth her groceries. my parents reassured showing me i wasn't crazy to feel disturbed by the sight of other families livinhe street. something was wrong, but there was also something to beone. the world our children inherit is deeply unjust-- and they know it. but we can show them that we have the power to revise it. somewhere tonight, a mother is explaining to her children why they have to leave their hom for a shelter; why they are sleeping in their car; why theyn ger have a bed to dream on she doesn't have the luxury of curating her words, or shielding them from the most painful truths. i wonder how she is answering their questions. >> brangham: and that's thene hour for tonight. i'm william brangham. join us on-line and again here tomorrow night. for all of us the pbs newshour, thank you and good
night. ng >> major funor the pbs newshour has been provided by: >> babbel. a language app that teaches real-life conversations in a new language, like spanish, french, german, italian, and more. babbel 10-15 minute lessons are available as an app, or online. more information on babbel.com. >> financial services firm raymond james. >> consumer cellular. >> and by the alfredoan foundation. supporting science, technology, and improved economic performance and financial literacy in the 21st century. >> supported by the john d. and catherine t. macarthurti foun. committed to building a more just, verdant and peaceful world. more information at macfound.org >> and with the ongoing support