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tv   PBS News Hour  PBS  July 2, 2019 6:00pm-7:01pm PDT

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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening. f.m judy woodr on the newshour tonight: inside the detention centers. congressman joaquin castro on the conditions for migrants in u.s. custody he and other lawmakers witnessed first-hand. then, what next in hong kong. we are on the ground, following protests that aim to transform the relationship with mainland china. plus, "making the grade." how new york city isng to increase the number of black and latino students at its elite public high schools. >> wn you look at not only the race of the students that get these ats, but also thenc fiial status of these students, they havthe financial means to afford
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test prep or other sessions or tutors that other low income students simply do not. >> woodruff: all that and more, on tonight's pbs newshour. >> major funding for the pbs newshour has been provided by: on life well-planned. learn more at raames.com. >> text night and day. >> catch it on replay.ur >>ng some fat. >> sharing the latest viral cat! >> you can do the things you like to do with a wireless plan designed for you. with talk, text and data. consumer cellular. learn more at consumercellular.tv >> babbel. a language program that teachesf spanisnch, italian, german, and more.
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>> and with the ongoing support of these institutions: >> this program was made possible by the corporation for and by contributions to your pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. >> woodruff: the u.srnment will print the forms for the 2020 census without a questioni about citize the justice department confirmed the decision late today. last week, the.s. supreme court barred adding the citizenship question unless the administration gave a tter explanation for including it. president trump initially called for delaying the census for as long as necessary. a military court in san diego has acquitted navy seal edward gallagher of murdering a suspected militant in iraq.
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gallagher was found not guilty of all charges today, except for posing with the dead man's body. he could get four months of confinement. the ways and means committee of the u.s. house of representatives went to federal court today to gain access to president trumths tax returns. panel filed suit against the treasury department and the internal revenue serefce after theyed to comply with an earlier request. x e committee is investigating the president's d business dealings. the president is touti fourth of july plans for the nation's capital. heaweeted this morning abou display of military tanks and an aerial fly-ove the white house said he also plans to deliver a speech at the lincoln memorial. aides said it will be rely patriotic, but senior counselor kellyanne conway suggested a political theme as well. >> thematically, how wonderful this country is, our troops and
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military, our great democracy and great call to patriotism, the success this administration in opening up so many jobs for individuals, what we've done for veterans. there's no final form yet, but america will hear the whole speech. >> woodruff: the president wanted a large military parade in washington in 2017, but officials scuttled the plan, partly over the cost. the trump re-election campaign says it raised $105 million in the year's second quarter. the total also includes money raised by the republican c nationmittee and joint fundraising groups. e campaign says that it hasil $100on in cash on hand. china's communist government has given full support to hongat kong's eed executive, a day after protesters stormed the city legislature beijing said today that the several hundred pro-democracy activists committed "serious illegal acts."
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we will hear from foreign affairs correspondent hick in in hong kong, later in oe program. in brussels, membethe european union have broken a delock and agreed on a new set of leaders. heey nominated belgian prime minister charles mtoday to head the european council. france's christine lagarde was nominated to lead the european central bank. the deadlock had split eastern and western europe, largely over immigration. but german chancelor angela merkel said they finally came together. >> ( translated ): and it took a lot of effort and commitment from all those involved, as well as a great willingness to compromise. i said today when i went in, that everyone would have to move a bit. >> woodruff: the european parliament is set for an official vote on the nominees tomorrow. lawmakers in austria have approved a total ban on glyphosate, the active ingredient in monsanto's "roundup" weed killer.
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today's action makes austria the first country in the european union to take that step. e herbicide has already beened bar restricted in 17 other countries, and in some american cities. opponents say that glyphosate causes cancer. monsanto's parent company, bayer, insists it is safe.ps a total eclie of the sun stretched across swaths h the southernemisphere today. astronomers flocked to northern chil where views were best. thousands of tourists joined them, including some who clearlf came for t of it. the total eclipse lasted 2.5 minutes. and on wall street, w jones industrial average gained 69 points to close at 26,786. the nasdaq rose nearly 18 points, and the s&p 500 added eight. and, in the women's world cup of soccer, the u.s. beat england, 2 to 1 in their semi-final match
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in france. the americans now advance to sunday's final. they will play the winner of tomorrow's semi-final match between sweden and the netherlands. we will get details of today's win, later in the program. and, still to come on the newshour: an insidlook at conditions at u.s. detention centers holding migrants. on the ground in hong kong after yesterday's destructive protests against mainland china. and, much more. >> woodruff: we are getting i new details fride migrant des.ntion facilities at the southern border, including reports of "dangerous overcrowng and prolonged detention"-- and that's from the department of homeland
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security's ownnspector general. as lisa desjardins reports, more members of congress are stepping into these facilities and sharing their accounts of the conditions. >> desjardins: across the country today, dozens of prests-- like in austin, indianapolis, and outside senator lindsey graham's office in south carolina-all demanding better treatment for migrants in u.s. custody and closure of what the left-leaning groups behind the event call "camps." a different outcry came from within the department of homeland security itself. its inspector general releasedot r alert, the second since may, about dangerous overcrowding. photos taken in june show adults and children packed into fenced cages-- like the toddler held on the left here-- or in cement rooms, forced to lay nearly onp one another. the inspector general wrote, "some adults were in standing- eeom-only space for over a and could not change clothes for at least a month." at least one manager called the
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situation a "ticking time bomb." and more news-- lastd ight, we learat a 30-year-old immigrant in this houston-area detention facility was found d.responsive and later die imgration and customs enforcement-- or ice-- said yimilexis balderramos-torres of honduras had been in u.s. custody nearly a month. thisfter a tense last day th included a smagr but raucous oup of protesters waiting for democratic members of congress after they toured detention facilities, including this one in clint, texas. the lawmakers described cramped, unsanitary cells, some with si children, and people being left for weeks. >> i will never forget the image of being in a cell and seeing 15 women, tears coming down their faces, as they talked about being separated, about having no running water,nd not being able to know when they were going to get out.
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>> desjardins: the small group of hecklers was loud, demanding "build the wall" and yelling racial slurs. massachusetts congresswoman ayanna pressley. >> keep yelling. this is very appropriate. vile rhetoric for vi actions, hateful rhetoric for hateful behavior. i am tired of the health and the safety, the humanity ande ll freedoms of black and brown children being negotiated. >>esjardins: this as the associated press obtained video of 12-year-old girl telling her attorney aut conditions inside the clint, texas processing center. >> w translated ): thee many children and they were treated badly. they didn't bathe. they gave them little food. children were crying.d some children t sleep, almost. it was ugly in there. >> desjardins: she spent 12 days in that center.re childrenupposed to remain in border patrol facilities for no more than 72 hours. a new report from propublica raised other questions, exposing large facebook groups for border
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agents, in which some people joked about migrant deaths and posted demeaning, sexually violent images of democratic members of congress. in a statement, border patrol chief carla provost called it "completely inappropriate," and any officers involved "will be held accountable." back in washington, president trump exprsed his support for the border patrol in general. >> they're patriots, they're great people. they love our country. >> desjardins: he al claimed his immigration policies are helping his approval among hispanic voters. >> number one, they don't want to lose their job. they don't want to take a pay cut. and most importantly, they don't want to have crime. >> desjardins: but a june marist/pbs newshour/npr poll showed just a quarter of hispanics approve of the job president trump is doing, wither 0% disapproving. late today, another group of democrats visited the homesteadi ant children's facility in florida, and pledged to keep coming. e pbs newshour, i'm lisa desjardins. >> woodruff: for a first-hand account indede the migrant ntion facilities, i teoke with representative
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joaquin castro os. he is chair of the congressional izhispanic caucus, and org the tour yesterday. congressmacastro, thank you very much for joining us. you and the other members of the yngressional hispanic caucus were at the bordesterday. we know conditions there have been bad for a long time in these facilities told migrants. are they worse now? they've gotten worse under the trump administration because thhaadministration reallsn't made an effort to move people out of the system quickly, for example. rather than moving them out of the system, they're hding them for longer periods of tim some of the women we visited with from cuba yesterday, some had been in they facilr over 50 days. they'd gone, some of theth 15 days wt being able to take a bath or a shower. they're existing on -- subsisting on ramen noodles and
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granola bars. their sink in the cell was not workin so except fo bottled water they could get from outside, they didn't have drining water the cell. they also didn't have water to wash theftir hands aer they went to the restroom. so things have gotten worsee beca how this administration has approached this issue. >> woodruff: you took your own video with your own smartphone device to record what you were seu ng. why did that? >> well, we asked the patrol folks what laws prevent legislators who have oversight authority over these agencies fromocumenting what's going on, and the border patrol chief, chief hull, would not cite a aecific law. there waslso an attorney present, and she also didn't cite any specific law. so i don't believe that they have the authority to keep legislators, members of congress who are supposed to oversee
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thesen' agencies, i know i don't think they have the authority to keep us fromwh documentin's going on there, most especially because they don't allow the press in to talk to the women orldren or others detained there. so if you don't let the press in and you're also saying you're not going to let the legislati branch in, then you're basically f,king the country to allow you to patrol yoursand that's just unacceptable. >> woodruff: how does someoneto gehe bottom of what conditions are like there?u viously saw a lot of this with your own eyes. beme of the members of the caucus said thelieved id had been cleaned up, straightened up, knowing that you wouldbe coming to visit. my question is how do you get to the bottom of it? obviously, the administration it saying af these worse descriptions are just not true. >> there's a very easy way thao le that. number one, there's a lot of video, there are ovecarhead ras all over the facilities, so there's a video that comes out or could come out of the facilities, and also they could let thpress in to document these things.
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and if they're going to oppose the accounts that we've given about what the women told us or what the women experienced, there's an easy way to resolve that, there's a tie breaker and it's called the press. >> woodruff: and as you know, we and other news organizations bve been trying to get int very limited access with cameras whathe bottom line for you, congressman? what do you want for these migrants that they don't have? we know the legislation was just passed to get more money to care for them, but what me are you saying they need? >> i think their rights to apply for asylum need to be respected. they need to be moved out of these facilities as quickly as possible. e being held way too long unnecessarily and, rather than moving them out of facilities, the trump administration is paying these contractors, some making billions of dollars, to keep these people there longer and onger, and that's jus something we shouldn't be doing. we need to change that system. it's also not just matter
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cash. like i said, they're not getting the medical treatment they need, they're not getting the proper standards of care, so it's not ju a matter of pumping more cash into a broken system, it's also about changing the standards. >> woodruff: and when you call on these things to happen, the administration doesn't move, what happens? >> you're right, judy. it's very difficult because it basically, what we try -- we made a strong push to change the standards in this last supplemental bill, but you basically run into the buzz saw of mitch mcconnell who controls the senate, and then president trump who's not sympathetic to the asylum seekers. so there are many people in congress, and of course, among the american people th want to see these things change, but we're in divided govnernment righ, and you've got a lot of people who either are unwilling or simply care enough to change the way things are going. >> woodruff: you also have, as you saw at one of the news conferences, you and the other
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members had near thre boder, near alpaso, protesters who showed up and g were shoutome fairly ugly language at members of congress. is the public reaio you think, more hostile than it was? >>t seems that way. this is the first time that i have been part of a press conference like that where s people ar visceral in their reactions. particularly, they were all wearingmake america great hats and some people had the trumflags, trump 2020. obviously, they have a right to protest, but there ishis visceral anger in them and a disrespect. forget the politicians, but a complete disrespect for the human beings who are inside tha facility who are simply trying to petition for asylum which ise l under u.s. and international law, and i think donald trump, because of the way he is, because of his behavior and rhetoric, has given these people license to be as mean as
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they want to be. >> woodruff: there was also a report, congressman, as you know, pro plib propublica repord on a secret group oforder agents who were sharing racist and offensive comments about e migrants. what should happen to these individuals involved in are you confident the administration is going to handle that situation as it should be? >> well, they should be fired. everybody who made those vulgar anand vile comments, who threatened members of congress, who made lig of migrants dying crossing in the river and made all these other remarks, they are densitized to the point of being dangerous to the people in their custody and co-workers. and really, if you look at what they said, they're not fit t wear any uniform that represents the united states of america, and i expect that cbp will do a
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thorough investigation, get rid of the peoe responsible, and that congress will also do its own investigation. >> woodruff: congressman joaquin castro, thank you very much for joining us. >> thank you. >> woodruff: today, the chinese bvernment strongly condemned the protesters wke into nde seat of government in hong kong last night,rashed the legislative chamber. yesterday, hundreds of thousands of demonstrators marched peacefully, on the 22nd anniversary of the hand-over of hong kong from the united kingdom to the people's republic of china. their main objection: a bill that would allow for suspected criminals to be extradited to mainland china. a separate, more aggressive group smashed windows of the legislative council, known as legco, and briefly occupied it.
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last night, our foreign affairs correspondent nick schifrin reported from inside the building and interviewed one of the occupiers. today, nick spoke with a legislative councilor who was a member of two political parties considered pro-beijing. michael tien begancoy striking a iliatory tone towards, protestors wst last night, ransacked his office. ey are verustrated because they feel that their voices have not been heard, and they feel that government has failed them and that legco, whom voters put ofinto fice, as a whole, have not beelin stening to them or addressing their concerns. i think the massive turnoutes about do still have a high degree of autonomy that was promised us or has it been
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eroding. uroding. >> reporter: so eem to say you understand their frustration, anger and anxietyab t their futures. why is that? >> all the vandalism, all the graffiti, anything, it's not meant do any permane damage. it's simply to show their frustration because of the fact that 22 years down the road, we still have not moved forwardwi any kind of political reform, all right, the relationships including chief executive has gone sor. making it more democratic od a governmethe people has not materialized, so the high handed way the government handled the bill with the government coming
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l out in fulsupport of the bill, i think further adds to the frustration. >> reporter: let's talk about how the government should respd. should carrie lam step down? >> that's not up to her. >> reporter: who's it up to? it's the central people's government, and under the china system, you don't just quit like that. is it totally carrie lam's fault? i don't think so. no o m person can do ch damage. it is the structure that put her into this poition. so, on one hand, she is supposex tolain to hong kong people about certain national policies, she also has to reflect hong kong people's concern to the central government. the question is, in striking this balance, has she been absolutely attentive to both sides? and i feel it's not jusabout carrie lam. it's basically the structure
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itself is an issue. >> reporter: so, today, what ould happen to the extradition bill? >> i still support the fact that hong kong cannot be a haven for criminals forever. i think we're eventually going to have to deal with thueis iss but the current bill opens up more problems thaprovides solutions. >> reporter: so why not give in to the demand of protesters and withdraw the bill? >> that's a million-dolla question. i have a suspicion that was the central government's line. they've come out and pledged open support for this bill, retracting even the premt e is here, the direction is wrong. suspending it indefinitely and pledging to bring it back with something that can be popularlyl supported, i ve, is the right way.
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of all the demands made by the protesters, i support one of them, which is to have an independent judge-like committee looking into the june 12 riot, finding out what happened with the police, wt happened with the rioters, ookay, wh has done what, whethery prosecution needs to be resulted, and also laying down guidelines for future use of police force. we need to do two things.is ono make people feel that they have a say in their choice of government.ly seco to not let people lose faith in our police force. >> reporter: sir, thank you very much for your time. uf >> woo stay with us.
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coming up on the newshour: the state of u.s. soccer after the women's naonal team winshe in t world cup semi-finals. plus, a new book on the power of the pioneering hip-hop group a tribe called quest. there has been much attention about college admissions in light of the recent scandal. but, there are real questions as well, about equity and diversity in plic high schools. th looms especially large new york city, the largest school district in the country.t second of a two-part report, hari sreenivasan delves into the controversy around the city's efforts to eliminate a decades-old test required to get into one of the elitpublic high schools. it's part of our education series, "making the grade." >> inference question. what's so annoying about an inference question? >> s students in jackson heights, queens are preparing for an
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exam. the specialized high school admissions test, or shsat, isso th requirement to gain admission to one of the eight such high schooltyin new york this year stuyvesant highol school, the scith the highest cutoff score on the test, made headlines when, out of the nearly 900 sp had available, only seven went to black students. the test has become the center of a fierce debate between academic rigor, equalan accessdiversity in the specialized high schools in new york city.ac and latino students make up 70% of the students in new york city.th ye year, they received just over 10% of the offers from the eight schools. >> we are integrate n.y.c.! ( cheers and applause ) >> sreenivasan: a group of new york city high school students calling themselves "integrate n.y.c." is protesting the city's admissions practices. they see the test as a he barrier for many students who don't have a strong support network or access to certain resources,uch as test prep. >> it's not balanced and it's not fair for everybody in general.
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>> i didn't know anyone that was going to take the test that was fairly on my level, or how to study for that test. >> when you look at ly the race of the students that get these seats, but also the financial status of these students, where they have the financial means to afford test her sessions or tutors that other low income students simply do not. >> sreenivasan: so it's a matter access to resources even before you get to the test? >> yeah. >> sreenivasan: a year ago, new york city schools chancellor richard carranza and mayor bill de blasio announced a plan to phase out and eventually eliminate the test. >> thank you for your courageous leadership, mr. mayor. >> sreenivasan: they proposed replacing it with a system that reserves the majority of spots for the top 7% of students from each of the city's middleol sc which would d bstantially increase the number of black spanic students. it's a "top performers" model, similar to that of the
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university of texas system, in which high school studho are in the top 10% of their class get automatiadmission into one of the state's public universities. >> theechanism by which students have the opportunity to go to these schools is broken. >> sreenivasan: new york city schools chancellor carranza believes requiring a test for admission to the specialized high schools sends the wrongss e to students. >> you have to be prepped for another test that's not aligned yoto state standards, whicre learning every day, in order to get the opportunity to go to a public school. i just think that's not what public education is about. >> sreenivasan: if you went through the eighth grade and did all your homework, yll wouldn't be prepared for the test? >> maybe, maybe not. the test isn't necessarily aligned to the state standards, so it's a tricky test. of five answers for a question, three of them are correct, butof them is more correct. he it's about learning how to take the test, rthan really testing what you know. >> sreenivasan: but the proposal to eliminate the shsat faces a
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significant political hurdle: the test is mandated by state law. the on way to eliminate it is to change the law, and that's not an easy task. >> keep the test! keep the test! >> sreenivasan: asian students p haformed especially well a the shsat: they make up more than 60% of studenthe specialized high schools, though they represent only 15% of the city's student population. >> the asian community was completely excluded, not inadvertently, but intenonally and deliberately. >> sreenivasan: at aommunity forum in queens, organized by state senator john liu, many parents and alumni of the elite schools showed their support for the test. >> taking away the test will marginalize opportunities for thousands of students, mostly low-income and mostly immigrant. >> sreenivasan: and some wried that the proposal is sowing division between the asian and black and latino students. >> we need more great stem schools so that we're t forced
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to divvy up the 5,000 seats among 80,000 eighth graders, pitting one group against the other. >> sreenivasan: supporters of the shsat proposed other ways to increase diversity, such as expanding accelerated, or giftet and ta, programs at the k-8 level in underrepresented communities. >> i'm here today to share some of our best practices with you. >> sreenivasan: ivan khan, an alumnus of bronx science high school, one of the highly selective specialized high schools, is pushing for that approach. he's also the c.e.o. of khan tutorial, a test prep center that offers classes to take the specialized high school exam. it sves mostly children of bangladeshi immigrants in queens. >> i think the mayor's plad,is deeply fland he's not willing to admit the inequity that exists the k-8 system across new york city, particularly in black, brown and asian neighborhoods. >> sreenivasan: so people ome going to aically look at this and say, "well, of course, he runs a testing center. he's making money off that flawed system." so how do you fix it? >> more so than a test prep
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owner, i'm a lifelong new yorker first, and i'm a proud public school pduct of new york city public schools from the latend '80s90s. i've seen the changes that the h ci made to the exam. the problem is, an eighth grade class in the bronx, unfortunately, may be far behind a sixth grade class in a more privileged neighborhd in our public school system. i think the first step is to fix the pipeline, by ensuring that there are expanded opportunities for accelerated learners from kindergarten, first and second grade. >> sreenivasan: we met with a group of 7th graders and their parents at khan tutorial. the students plan to take the test for the specialized high schools this fall. >> we want to get into these schools because we want a better opportunity so learn. liketimes the schools around us, like, they might not have all of sources needed for us to achieve our goals. like, for instance, i want to become a software engihen i grow up.
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>> it's itself, it's the caliber of students and the teachers that you're surrounded by. >> sreenivasan: what does heha need to knowhe has to go to tutoring for? >> i guess to take the test better? and just to make sure that they can time manage better. >> sreenivasan: but chancellth carranza say the city's own free tutoring program has not improved diverty at the specialized high schools. >> i personally went to a fair in the bronx where we brought the midd school students that would be the top of their class. we did it in spanish and in english. we gave them materials. we brought the principals of the specialized schools. and the results this year were even worse than last year. when you have 70% of the 1.1 million students who are black and latino-- those families also want a fair shot they don't want a guaranteed sot. and currently, ttem's not fair for them. >> sreenivasan: the "integrate n.y.c." students want to see a diversity plan that goes well beyond the specialized high schools, and addresses the more schools with tests
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and other requirements. >> there's other schools that have screens, or also interviews and auditions. and even though it's"salled chool choice," oftentimes the school actually chooses you. >> sreenivasan: for now, nothing about that system has changed. new york city students willo sill needke the shsat test to get into tcialized high schools. proposed legislation to oteliminate the test has n reached the floor in either the state assembly or senate for a vote. in the meantime, the and chancellor have expanded a diversity initiative known as iscovery program" to about 13% of the specialized high school population.mi the program students from disadvantaged backgrounds attend high poverty schools and scored just below the cutoff score on the shsat. they plan to expand the program to 20% of seats at each specialized high school by next year. for the pbs newshour, i'm hari sreenivasan in new york.
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>> woodruff: the u.s. womes national soccer team is returning to the world cupinal for the third straight time, after winning a nail biter today against england. it was close from the outset, as both teams scored early. team u.s.a. scored first, with a wgoal from kristen press,ho played instead of co-captain megan rapinoe. england retaliated soon after. then, the u.s.'s oth co-captain, alex morgan, scored the se snd goal. in tecond half, england appeared to tie the match, but the goal was taken back on a penalty call. england had one more shot to tie it on a penalty kick. it was steph houghton against the naeher.goalie alissa
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>> woodruff: on sunday, the u.s. will defend its world cup title against the winner of the netherlands-swed match. briana scurry knows sonnthing about g saves. she was the starting goalkeeper for thu.s. women's nation soccer team in the '90s, and was a two-time olympic gold medalist. she was the goalie for the 1999 world cup champions. briana scurry, welcome back to the "newshour". >> thank you. >> woodruff: you were celebrating, you were pumping your fist just nowatching that. explain what happened today. >> so today was an amazing win for the u.s.a. but also, throughout the entire tournament, the goaling of the u.s.a. has been a question mark becse alissa mayer, this is her first time playing in a major tournaments world cup or olympics, so for her to make the huge save at the end of the game was so crucial for her to beo able to prove ourself and everyone that u.s.a. is here to play and that she's a bigart of this team. >> woodruff: was there a
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question about that before? >> thereas a little question about it because whenever a goal keeper comes in and it's the first time, you don't know what you're going t get. even though the u.s.a. has had a really great run at the tournament, alissa hasn't had to do a whole lotp until tay. >> woodruff: so a lot of conversation before the game was getting started that megant rapino was ning to be playing, that she didn't warm s, yet they won. does that tell umething? >> what it tells you ithis is 23 players, it's an entire team. megan, when needed, does her job incredibly wele . ored two goals the game before and the game before thatd but ay wasn't able to go. i believe it was a slightms ing injure they didn't think was able to go through, but, you know what, the team picked up. kristen came, in played, got a goal, alex morgan finished it off and alissa did her part. >> woodruff: a team with depth, is that what you're
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saying. >> absolutely. this is the deepest team i've seen. you have two eleven-side teams that are just as fantastic as any other team in this tournament. >> woodruff: so how much competition was england? i heard some conversation afterwards abo fut theoreign nation they used and so forth. how did you see that?li >> a tournamen this is interesting because a team will play a certain way the entireth way througtournament, and england had been playing incredibly well. but when a team cos up against the united states, they often change their system or their rsonnel and that's exactly what england did. they did have a great run at it. they did have an oportunity, a you saw, in the video, they almost tied the game, and, so, they had a fantast at it. they really should be proud of what they've done. >> woodruff: and now,s we say, the u.s. will face the winner of netherlands, sweden, and people have been talking over the last couple of wee about how the european teams ha been doing better, they've almost been inspired by the u.s. what's going on there?
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>> it's a fantastic story. i think for me, in 1999, whn our team did incredibly well in the world cup, that essentially created just a burst of activity and interest in women's soccer not only in our country but allu the world and, so, now what you're seeing two decades later, a lot of these programs have had funding put into them and now these women'seeams ar really making a play to be the top dog on the world stage, and that's what you're seeing, essentially have two european teams playing for the final tomorrow and the united statesug getting ththe final. >> woodruff: so the little girls watching 20 years ago or whose families were sitting around the tv or in the stadium watching are noo able t play themselves. >> yeah, it's an amazing thing, isn't it? for me, it's sov gratifying to see these players who saw my '99 team do something and now they're doing the exact same heing. >> woodruff: sore's more interest in women's soccer. how do you see the change?
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i was reading numbers today aboulihow many people, a bil people following this globally. how much of a change has there been?o >> it's rmous. it's exploded, really. i think social media is really o big pathat change, not only social media but also sponsorship. nike and all these different sponsors, allstate and coca-cola are now a part of the amazingso sphip that u.s. soccer has, and that alone, these companies have put thim s teat there so people can connect, g understand an to know them. with social media, each plar has their individual brand and you get to feel you know them. you feel you know alex because you look son herial media and know where she had coffee this morning. there wasn't that when i played. >> woodruff: the sowcht the companies, did that follow the rise in public interest? chicken or the egg, how did that happen? >> i think, first of al, it was
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the fact that we were very successful in '99nd throughout. you know, we win and we win the world cup, we win the gold medals. ery team, corporation has to be a winner, that's something we have for decades. but also you see so manffy ent kinds of women that come through on the team, but they all have the qualities that are great standards for mpanies to be a parof. when you have a winner coupled with great personalities and people that really resemble somebody you want to get behind, it's empy for ies to get on board. >> woodruff: at the same time, we know there is still a disparity in pay for men between what men are paid and what women are paid for theame ort, and we know there's been a lawsuit. >>ufight. >> woo that is now, i guess, in mediation. >> yes. >> woodruff: are we going to see that gap close or how much g are ng to see what women are paid come closer to what the
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men earn? t >>nk, ever since 1999, my team started the whole battle with equality and equity in pay, and i think, now, 20 years tater, the lawsuit was the nex step, the next chapter, if you will, in thatattle against u.s. soccer to get equality. for a team that is not only incredibly successfu so that was an issue. but very popularne is coming in. revenue is being generated. for the last several years, the women's team have generated at least as much mf notore than men every single year. so the argument about you don't generate or get ratings, those arguments aren't valid anymore. now society is different. you have all these won wh were just voted into congress recently, you have the #metoo movement, it's just a different environment. it's time for u.s. soccer to show they'rnot onljust the governing body for soccer for boys and men but also for women
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anrugirls. >> wo: so, clearly, you want to win for the u.s. women's in the yinal. . >> woodruff: what more do you want for u.s. women's soccer? >> what i want ii want everybody to see the amazingir inion these women are. they are out there, even though theyre having this batle going on behind the scenes, they hre still out there expressing themselves, doingir jobs, making it work, being very personal. they're nspiring nly a nation but a world really. . think it's important that u.s soccer and other sponsors get behind them and lift them up and be ablto have a nt world cup or next olympics where we're actually not having to fight anymore for equal pay. >> woodruff: i think of the little girls watching. it may beirhe turn 20 years from now. >> exactly. >> woodruff: briana surry, ledge tear for women's u.s. >> thank you for having me.
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>> woodruff: and now, the continuing legacy of a pioneer hip-hop group that crossed genres and influenced artists in the field, as seen through a new memoir. amna nawaz has our latest conversation from our "bookshelf," and part of our ongoing arts and culture corage, "canvas." n >>az: from their very first album in 1990, called "people's ininctive travels and the paths of rhythm," the queens- based group, a tribe called quest, walked the path a their own. ♪ ♪ their explatory sounds, layering jazz samples and pairing them with soally conscious lyrics, and their inescapable beats and albums-- ♪ ♪ like "the low end theory" and "midnight marauders"-- defined their work and redefined what
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rap and hip hop could be. ♪ ♪ but it was the unique chemistry between the three core members, q-tip, phife dawg, and ali shaheed muhammad, that dro their creative process. tribe's music was both critically and commerciallysf succes, and their 1998 breakup left their legion of fans devastated. 18 years later, they reemerged with one last declaration:20 16 album called "we got itom frere... thank you 4 your" service. ♪ ♪ recorded in secret, and released just days after thecpresidential on, offering what one review called "the best musical release valve thhocountry could for." their music and their impact are now immortalized in a new book by poet and cultural criti hanif abdurraqib, called "go ahead in the rain: notes to a tribe called quest." hanife joins me here now.
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welcome to the newshour. >> thank you for having me.s >> nawaz: so t an intensely personal book. it's more like "love letters anu notes," asay in the title to the band.t what was it abis group, for you as a kid growing up in ohio, at spoke to you? >> yes, so i grew up in columbus, ohio. but my parents and two of my four siblings were born on the east coast in new york. my older siblings were into hip hop, but it was largely easd coast hip hop, tribe called quest was a group that kind of passed quality control in my hous and, my parents didn't always love us listening to rap, but we could listen to a tribe called quest because of the consciousness of their lyrics, or because of the jazz samples. and so, that was the first rap group that i felt like i could t listin the house and not feel like i was getting away with something. >> nawaz: you call yourself, in e book, "decidedly weird you described the band, too, as walking a thin line of weirdness, themselves. among al seemed to mostly closely identify with phife dawg. why was that? b
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>> welause i'm short. and what i love most about phif is, you knowme from a y,ace where, if you can't fight, you should be fuou know? ♪ ♪ you have to have a slick tongue to get your stuff out of whatever you get yourself into. and phife was one of those kind of pple. you could kind of tell that he had the spirit of someone who had talked his way out of the many treacherous situaons. that really came through in the work. >> nawaz: you link a lot of the music, and the time at which you took it in, to things that were going on in your life. and one of these chapters, you actually write a letter to phife's mom. and we should mention, of course, he passed away in march of 2016 from complicationsrom diabetes why did you decide to write that letter to her?ne >> well,i am a poet. she is a poet, and i love her work as a poet. such a great deal. i first heard cheryl boyce taylor read poems in a packed room when i was sitting on the
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floor in the very back. and i did not know at the time she was phife's mother. but there is something so rhythmic about the quality of her ice. in the book, i parallel their writing. i parallel her writing and his iting and show kind of how they are married in some ways. also, i am a person who lost his mother. i lost my mother as a teenager, and she is a mother who lost heo and i felt like, in that way, we are a kind of siblings in a very specific type of grief. >> nawaz: one of the things you do throughout the whole book, you talk about the beating of rodney king. you talk about the ug in los angeles. you talk about the shootings of philando castile, and others. toat was it you were tryin do in making those connections in this book? >> ihink the stakes are rais when music criticism understands the world that music is being released into,ecause that affects the way that music is heard. that affects the way that people engage with it. that affects the way that people tocape from the world they're living in, or rut with
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more vigor, right. it was important for me to write itout a tribe called quest the same kind of historical reverence that we see then beatles writout, we see the rolling stones written about. i wanted to give a tribe calledh quessame kind of reverence. >> nawaz: so a tribe called quest had a sound that wasir uniquely all twn. but they clearly pulled from other places. they influenced a t of other people. where did they kind of exist in the american musical landscape? >> a tribe called quest was, at least in the early days before sample rules changed, pulling from so many different elements of jazz and funk and rhythm, from, you know, decades before they made music. and in some ways, that is rebuilding a new lineage of listeners to that old music, right? in reframing the idea of what american music is, which is about, you know, the backbone of american music is black music.d a tribe called quest really did a good job, i think, completing that arc from the past to the present.:
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>> nawr anyone out there who has never heard a tribe song, what is it you want them to take away from this book, and whow is it you want them to about the place the tribe holds in our musical history? >> you kw, the thing i think about all the time is that, if someone has never heard a tribe called quest a they come to this book, it's really-- yes, a book about a rap gro-- but more particularly, a book that is examining how fandom seeps into our lives, right. at's a book that examines it is to love a musician or a group of musicians and have your life so intertwined with theirs. understanding that you may never meet them. so yes, this is a book about "a tribe called quest," but it is also aook for anyone who has ever found themselves deeply in love with music or the people who make music. >> nawaz: the book is "go ahead and the rain: notes to a tribe called quest." hanif abdurraqib, thanks for being here. >> thank you so much for having me.
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>> woodruff: now, to our "newour shares." story book hours often seek to entertain young children whilesp ing a love of reading. but, one organization is turning the tables on who is turning the pages. the newshour's julia griffin explains. >> reporter: at the adams morgan community center in washington, d.c. recently, parents and theia tiny tots saently, riveted by a story book, and its reader. >> "'wake up, bear,' said mole, 'spring is here'." >> reporter: this is drag queen story hour. it's your classic children's reading program, with a twist: the day's litery leader is a larger-than-life drag queen. >> everybody wave to each her, make a friend next to you, okay? >> reporter: author michelle tea first created drag queen story hour in san francisco in 2015. its goal, to inspi a love of reading while teaching deeper
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lessons on diversity, self-love and an appreciation of others. >> "everyone is different and eryone is not bad, said scooter, who is a turtle. s different cial." >> reporter: today, readings take place at libraries, museums and other cultural centers in more than 30 cities across the country. some are small affairs, but many, like the one in washington, d.c., play to full houses. >> i just love drag queens in general. it's a great opportunity to combine having a little one and enjoying the performance of drag. >> i think it's important that we see different people. that mom and dad look different from other people, and lots of people love you and have stories for you and we can learn fromyb evy. >> reporter: johanna percell isn a chil librarian with d.c. public library. >> it's just really been obvious that t in our community. this >> reporter: the library partnered with the d.c. chapter of drag queen story o bring the family friendly events to the nation's capital. 's we talk a lot in childr literature about stories being
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bothindows and mirrors, so drag queen story hour can be doing both. there may be a kid here who is seeing themselves reected in a queen and see the possibility for what their lives could be, and, then if not, there's a child that's seeing how someone else lives. >> let's try this with nails. oops, one down. ( laughter ) >> reporter: domingx, who goes by j.j. vera when not in drag, has been performing drag at rslocal d.c. bars and theaor more than three years. she first learned about the organization after other drag queen story hours faced pushback from community groups objecting to what they see as l.g.b.t.q. themes being presented to children. new york city's drag queen story hour head, rachel aimee. >> a lot of drag queen story hours in other parts of the country have had serious backlash, and people protesting their events and disrupting them. sometimes, in some cases, even events have been canceled. >> reporter: the new york city chapter now runs the whole organization's website and social media channels, and sets guidel
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queen story hour events. >> we do provide support and guidance to chapters who are facing that backlash.r: >> reporn the big apple, drag queen story hours have become so popular that the chapter now offers events inr spanish and ildren with autism and other special needs. the chapter also hosts drag queen fashiodesign and makeup workshops for older kids. the point, aimee said, is to create safe spaces fone interested in participating. >> l.b.t.q. kids often don't see themselves reflected in the broader culture, so it can be life-changing, and even life- saving to have that kind of affirming prograveing in their and schools. >> reporter: and for domingx, whether the kids understood what a drag queen is, wasn't the point. instead, she was glad everyone seemed to enjoy the show.>> rag queens are just here to entertain. we can read, we're intelligent. like, we are harmless. i just hope that, you know, moving forward, and it kind of just, like, stretches those imaginations a little bit and,
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you know, give people a little bit more like fearlessness to take home with them. >> reporter: fearlessness with a dash of fun. ♪ goodbye for now until we meet again ♪ >> reporter: for the pbs newshour, i'm julia griffin in washington, d.c. >> woodruff: and on thhour online right now, a new study on mice could chart a path fornt h.i.v. pat the innovation eliminates dependency on medication tona the disease by using gene-editing with a technique known as crispr. you can learn more on our website, www.pbs.org/newshour. and that is the newshour for tonight. i'm judy woodruff. join us online, and again here tomorrow evening. for all of us at the pbs newshour, thank you, and we'll see you soon. >> majorunding for the pbs newshour has been provided by: >> babbel. a language app that teaches language, like spanish, french,d german, italia more.
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>> consumer cellular. >> financial services firm raymond jas. the ford foundation. working with visionaries on the frontlines of social change worldwide. >> carnegie corporation of new york. supporting innovations in education, democratic engagement, and the advancement of international peace and security. at carnegie.org. >> and with the ongoing supportf hese institutions and individuals. >> this program was made ssible by the corporation for public broadcasting.by anontributions to your pbs station from viewers like you.
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thank you. captioning sponsored by newshourroductions, llc captioned by media access group at wgbh access.wgbh.org >> you're watching pbs.
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rick bayless: hi. i'm rick bayless and i've been exploring, cooking, and eating in mexico for over 40 years. now i'm taking you to mexico city for a deep dive into the classic dishes you've asked to learn. itre time to share my bespes ever. announcer: "mexico one plate at a time" is made possible by these funders.

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