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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  July 3, 2019 5:30pm-6:00pm PDT

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woman: this is "bbc world news america." is made possible by... the freeman foundation; by judy and blum-kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected need and by contrib to this pbs station from vwers like you. thank you. laura: this is "bbc world news america." reporting from washington, i am laura trevelyan.
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in libya, an airstrike on a migrant center leaves dozens dead as the conflict escalates. the u.n. says it may be a war crime. here in washington, president trump's plans for the fourth of july celebration are creating fireworks of their own. >> this is a show of military might, although some of the pentagon are concerned that this could become political. laura: plus, the 15-year-old senom at wimbledon stri again. coco gauff wins her second match, and the hearts of fans around the world laura: for those watching on pbg and around tbe, welcome to "world news america." in libya, more than 40 people were killed and many more injured in an airstrike on a migrant detention center.
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the top u.n. human rightse official said tack in tripoli could be a war crime. libyan officials said that aes fo loyal to the warlord general haftar are responsible. s thousands of migraying to reach europe are being held in libya as the conflict intensifies. quentin somerville reports. quentin: they came to libya in search of anscape, but were killed before they could flee the shores. more than 100 migrants, mostly africans, were corralled inside the detention center. they had nowhere to run to when it took a direct hit. dozens were killed and many more injured. they had fled their countries -- war, persecuti with few possessions. in the rubble, they looked for any scraps that survived. >> people are still under the block. we don't know what to say.
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althat we know is we want the u.n. to help people. this place is dangerous. quentin: the men and women who died were caught in the ossfire of the latest civil war. the government in tripoli is battling the forces of khalifa haftar, a warlord wid a self-stylelibyan national army. the rebel forces earlier threatened an escalation in airstrikes, but now deny they were responsible for the bombing of the migrant centeay the u.n.s it is unclear who is to blame but called for better protection of migrants libya. >> there has to be an immediate release of all the detainees c from tters, and we have to make sure that no rescued refugee is taken back to libya. quentin: detention centers across the country are overwhelmed. the conditions inside are appalling. this one was filled in april this year.
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people smuggling flourished after the fall gaddafi 8 years ago. hundreds of thousands came here in the hope of making it to europe. for migrants, death is familiar. around 500 have drowned this year alone trying to cross the sea. e risk war continues, increases, and libya offers little refuge. s,entin sommerville, bbc n beirut. laura: for more on the situation in libya, i spoke earlnir with a fellow at the carnegie endowment for international peace. you are just back om libya. what is this strike on the grant center telling us about the state of the conflict there? >> this is a three-month war that has a tremendous effect on -- horrendous effect on tripn.i's civilian populat we are talking massive numbers of casualties, over 700ead,
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thousands of families displaced. the front lines are very close to populated areas. when i was there i saw airstres on civilian homes. these migrant centers are right in t firing line. in some sense this isbu shockin, it is also predictable. laura: who has the upper hand at the moment? is it general haftar? >> general haftar launched this surprise attack on april 4 and he caught the militias in tripoli off guard and scrambled to mount a defense. when i was there the tables had turned and morale was high. just last weekhe tripoli forces captured one of his main bases, and that set him back. now what we're seeing is some acts of desperation, including these airstrikes that tragically hit the migrant center. laura: to what eoxent is it a war for the region? fred: this has been an unfortunate feature of libya ever since the revolution where you ha warring regional powers
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playing oxy roles on libyan soil. haftar enjoys support from egypt and the united arab emirates and they provide including drones and some u.s.-supplied missiles just discovered. in response, turkey is helping the tripoli forces. a provided -- ey provided, reportedly, drones and vehicles as well. this is a real danger, that this nd spiral.o escalate laura: is there any way out of it that you see? what about the prospects for these u.n.-backed peace talks? fred: this is the real tragedy. the u.n. did a herculean effortt to brise parties together. they had this plan for a dialogue, for elections. but it was effectively sabotaged by general haftar and by regional backers. the problem now is the international community is split, including at the united nations security council. haftar is enjoying support from russia and france. this international paralysis is prol laura: the u.s.-led, nato-backed
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intervention was in 2011 and colonel gaddafi was ousted. a what people saying to you about the state of their lives 8 years after colonel gaddafi fell? >> it is bleak. there is tremendous disenchantment. the humanitarian situation has reached horrendous levels -- rolling electricity bshckouts, watetages, medical shortages. there is some sense of nostalgia for the old ways of gaddafi, and thatas opened the door to someone like khalifa haftar, who promises order but you have to go back titthe old authian system. there is some general sense of goodwill toward the united states. there is an expectation that the u.s. should play a greater role. buto basically people wantt on with their lives. laura: thank you for joining us. fred: myleasure, thank you. laura: tomorrow is u.s. independence day. president trump will be
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celebrating our 243rd birthday with a salute to america, complete with tanks flypast. he will be making a speech at the lincoln memorial. democrats say he is making july 4 about himself and politicizing a national holiday. chris buckler reports. chris: every year at the fourth of july, huge numbers gathered here for independence day celebrations. but this year is going to be a little bit differepr. ident trump is putting on what he calls a salute to he proit is going to be the show of a lifetime, and you can see how much work is going into it at the lincoln memorial. we believe about $2.5 million has been diverted from u.s. national parks funds ir to pay for some of this the but actually, we don't know how much it is ing to cost in total. mr. trump is promising tanks, flyovers, and fireworks. i thisgoing to be a show of military might and a thank-you to america's troops, althou
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some in the pentagon are concerned this could become political. the armed forces want to stay away from that. but ultimately, it is up to the president. right at the center of events, he will deliver an address in front of the iconic lincoln memorial. white house officials are s insisting thatech will not be political, it will be a celebration of service. but of course, that depends if president trump sticks to the script. somemes he doesn't. it is worth pointing out that some of the best seats have been reserved for republican party supporte and donors. democrs say they have not been given any tickets. this is not a donald trump belly, and therefore the audience will noilled full of his supporters necessarily. and how they react if he gets political, that will be interesting. there is another questn for organizers, and that is to do with the weather. thunder and lightning has been forecast. if there is a downpour, they at could have a massive effect
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on the fireworks that have been planned. laura: chris buckler reporng there. the meaning of the u.s. constitution is hotly debated these days. only this week a federal judgemp declared the t administration was acting unconstitutionally by denying some migrants a bail hearing. the document was written by america's founding fathers in 1787, and lawyers argue what it stands for today. a new book, "how to read the constitution and why," examines the backbone ofn ameri government. author and legal analyst kim wehle joined me earlier. what inspired you to write a book at this moment about how tt re constitution? kim: so many questions under the constitution are being pushed to the forefront of our national debate. it is front-page news, and the constitution is actually quite complicated. i have been teaching law for over 10 years and it is very nuanced and a lot of the messages get lost and people dose their grounding in terms of this foundationament, which isn't necessarily a guarantee that we will have a
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free and fair democracy goin forward. we have to enforce it. laura: you write in the book that the supreme court fills in the blanks in the constitution. is that why the court has become so incredibly politicized, particularly the role of the chief justice now because he is the swing vote? kim: the constitution is vague and people assumit is clear. we hear this talk every time a supreme court justice is nominated -- we want ldiginalists. but it is like any document, there is a lot of vague terms std it has to be filled in. when someone like e roberts does his job to fill in the blanks of the constitution and people are up in arms saying that is not what the constitution clearly says, talt is acy, that is just wrong. they are there for life on purpose. they don't have to collect election dollars to get reelected. the notion is that they are going to call balls and strikes based on facts and law.
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it is that message i'm trying to get across, to have a baseline and then have disputes about rulicy. laura: president and president obama before him have been accused of acting like kings for using rsecutive or but you say in the book that the presency has been accumulati power for decades. kim: executive orders are nowhere in the constitution. they act like laws, and that is why people have criticiz them. but historically they have been around since the beginning of the republic. the problem is not just the presidency, it is also congress. power has been accumulatinin the presiden in part because congress is not exercising its prerogative to make laws, when, for example, immigration and the daca order that president obama issued, there is a lot of criticism around that. but when the congress doesn't function andolicy needs to be made, it will go to the executive branch and normally to executive branch agencies tos make those lich are not in the legislature. they are in the executive
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branch. laura: hashe constitution served us pretty well for 230 years? m: it has served us pretty well. we have seen constitutional crises before. when i say we are in a crisis, it is because the three branches are not functioning with oversight the same way they have historically. but there is a few things that are different now. one is money in politics because we have the controversial citizens united deci corporate money is flooding into , politiich dissociates legislativors from individual voters, and big data and informat accurate.that is not that was not the case 30, 40, 50 years ago. laura: or in 1787. kim wehle, thanks for joining us. the chinese ambassador has been summoned to the foreign office in london over his comments on protests in hong kong. he criticized britais foreign secretary jeremy hunt for supporting the recent demonstrations in the chinese territory. the ambassador said that britain
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seem to have forgotten that hong kong was no longer a u.k. . the u.s. trade deficit has risen to its highest level in five mohs. the deficit now stands at more than $55 billion. the gap with mexico, of which president trump has been caparticularly critil, has sort to levels not seen in 10 years. saudi arabia has announced that americ hip-hop star nicki mina j will headline a show in jeddah . it follos a number of performances in saudi arabia by western pop stars in recent months. now to japan, where more than one million residents of the southern island of kyush have been ordered to evacuate as torrential rain batters the area. authorities are worried about the threat of flooding and dslides. one elderly woman has died as a result of the conditions. japan's weather agency sayt the oin is continue.
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reporter: a delutorrential rain that just gives falling. thgcontinual downpour racin -- raising t risk of floods and mudslides to a dangerously high level. more than a meter of rain has fallen since friday, and emergency services are urging residents to move toety immediately. >> i am really scared. it is better to evacuate earlier. reporter: howeverafsome in the cted areas have chosen to ride out the weather, but they are closely watching alerts from authorities. alerts every hour on what the status is, and there are definitely places to go and everyone knows where tf they need to leave. reporter: civil defense are particularly on edge after last year's rainy season, more than 200 people were killed by heavy rain, flooding, and landslides in the country. many of those deaths were blamed on the fact that evacuation orders were issued too late.
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many failed to leaveir homes. it meant entire neighborhoods were buried in landslides or submerged in floodwaters. prime minister shinzo abe has i told residentsthe affected areas to take action to protect their live the japanese meteorological agency says the heavy rain is set to continue. laura: you are watching "bbc world news america." still to come on tonight's program, cutting off the cruises to cuba. administration's actions are affecting tourism on the island. obesitnow causes more cases of someancersn the u.k. than smoking. i charity says that battle, ,kidn ovarian, and liver cancers are more likely to caused by being overweight than by smoking. >>e they t for me.
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reporter: a weight loss meeting to talk about unhealthy habits and how to change them. his group tries to tackle the underlying reasons behind obesity. >> why do we still kep going for hocolate cake? i am successful in my work, i'm successful in my home. i'm not a stupid person. yet i still keep going for those bad food choices. it is all up here. reporter: and is that being obese with people at greater risk of 4yp of cancer than smoking does hazmat gone unnoticed. -- hase not gder this. >> sometimes it is normalized that it is ok to be overweight, but the news today will make a difference. it made me think differently. reporter: the four cancers are kidney, liver, ovarian, and bowel. e most common bowel. obesity is responsle for 5000 cases every year, while smoking uses just below 3000. how does obesity caused cancer?
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excess fat sends out signals which encourage cells to divide more often. it is thought that is the process that increases the chance of cancerous cells being made. in contrast to smoking, where 80% of people tell you is a cause of cancer, when we started our campaign, only 15% of people would mention obesity and profit. obesity is biggest cause of cancer after smoking. reporter: to combat obesity, the government has cut sugar from half the drinks on sale and is finding more exercise in schools. f but with the numbers oese people remaining stubbornly high come a campaigners say more support and treatment are deerately needed. ura: cuba, economic effects of the trp administration
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latest sanctions are being felt. tourists are hard-hit after washington and as the cruise ship would be banned from visiting the the communist-led isa,nd. from havill grant reports. will: it was a fitting metaphor. when the empress of the o seas pulled of havana's port, it marked the definitive end of the obama administration engagement with cuba. under the trump administration, it will be the last u.s. ship to dock in the island in the near future. it is in stark contrt to the jubilant scenes three years ago. in may 2016 i traveled amid the assignment and celebration on the first cruise ship in 50 years to make the short trip across the florida straits. now it is estimated that hundreds of thousands of tickets cuba will go unused, hitting the island's tourism industry hard, particularly tour guides and taxi drivers. >> i think it is a pretty just measure, because the problems
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the u.s. government have with the government of cuba should not mean we the people have to suffer the consequences. >> i'm totally against this policy. peop should be free to visit whatever country they like. will: restaurant owners will be hurt, too, not just by the cancellation of cruise ships. this restaurant once entertained president obama during happier times. >> we are at 20% capacity at the moment. there were just six tables occupied yesterday. and i am o of the fortunate ones. people know us because we were lucky to host president obama during his visit. but there is other restaurants around town that have not had a single booking recently. will: there can be fewr symbols of the change in washington's policy than this.he where days ago were u.s. crew ships in havana's port, now
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it is the russian navy. the trump administration's squeeze on cuba is intended to hurt it where it will feel it most, in the nascent tourism industry. the stated reason, to punish the island for its support for venezuela. still,uba is unlikely to compromise on that important political alliance. to present a united front, a leading figure from venezuela's socialist government was in havana recently and criticized u.s. policy against both socialist nations. washington's hardline policy towards cuba is not new. in fact, it has been the norm the past 60 years. thus far from it has not forced any political change. cubans had hoped the friendship under obama wost. instead, the trump administrations determined to cut the islandff any way it
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sea including by laura: she ionly 15 years old, but coco gauff is playing like a seasoned pro in wimble i was joined by sean gregory of "time" magazine. put this in perspective. she is 15 year how much maturity is she displaying on court? sean: a lot. you can tell as she plays that she calculates her shots, she is very tactical. american tennis has been searching for successors, for of the williams sisters for a long, long time. there have been flashes in the pan. lo15ing good at wimbledon. there is a lot of reason to be excited about coco gauff. laura: what strikes you about her game?
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is it the peneating forehands, the on-court composure? sean: it is a little bit of everything, but the penetrating forehands, it shows she has t somethin to beat venus williams and -- at wimbledon shows unbelievableunmount of cool r pressure. tennis is such a mental game. and then to come out and win again to prove that it is just vera one-time thing speaks highly of her potential. laura: the women's game is so uneven at the moment. could coco be a star of the future who could have staying power? sean: definitely. it has been uneven. some people like that. some people like parity, different champions. t stars sell. listen, she is only 15 years old. she is just emerging. you don't want to put too much pressure on her. we have seen this before where players at a young age can bigt very fd then fade away. but there is definitely reason for hope here.
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laura: coco's idol serena williams will be playing in the mixed doubles in wimbledon witha andy m what do you make of the star power in that matchup? sean: it is delightful. andy murray announcing his retirement, very emotional, but making his way back, playing doubles, and pairing with serena, they both won wbledon the same years before. it is so cool to see two big stars playing together. and it brings atteubion to mixed s. doubles does not get a ton of attention at the grand slams to begin with, particularly mixed doubles. but now we have two hall of famers playing with each other. it should be fun to see, and maybe andy will meet his brother in the finals and that would be something to see. laura: it certainly woul if we turn to the women's soccer world cup, how do yoexpect the u.s. team to approach sunday's final? they are not exactly lacking in. confiden sean: they are not. scored 13 goals, sipping tea after goals.
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call it arrogance, call it confidence, whatever youeaant, thisthink they are an unstoppable force. they have come out every game the last few games and scored early and that is going to be the key for them to keep the ummomeoing, when you get the goal off and control things. whoever they play is going to have to really maybe play a little keep-away to keep the u.s. from scoring. laura: certainly will. that will be one to watch. thank you so much, sean gregory. sean: thank you.ur the u.s. will face the netherlands in the final on sunday. the dutch beat sweden in a grueling match. i am laura trevelyan. thanks for watching "bbc world news america." announcer: funding for this prese mation e possible by... the freeman foundation; by judy and peter blum-kovler foundation, rsuing solutions for erica's neglected needs;
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and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers lu. thank you. to mak sure facts and the truthare. "washington week" is an island of civil discourse in a chaotic media environment. on friday night, we gather the best reporters in the nation to unpack what's really happening and have a conversation that's not about pot of view out informing the american people. announcer: "washington week," friday nights only on pbs.
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening, i'm judy woodruff. on the newshour tonight, in a blow to president trump's immigration agendaa judge rules that asylum-seekers in the u.s. cannot be held in detention indefinitely. then, targeting refugees. an air strike in libya leaves 44 migrants dead, in what the united nations is calling a possible war crime. plus, out of the ashes. after a california wildfireis devouredome, a graphic novelist channels his trauma into art. >> i realized that i was an eyewitness to an extraordinary event.o and i wantedll people about it. tnmebody else later said it was my way of bearing s and i n'


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