tv BBC World News America PBS July 5, 2019 5:30pm-6:01pm PDT
woman: this is "bbc world news america." is made possible by... the freeman foundation; by judy and peter blum-kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs; and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. you. laura: this is "bbc world news america." reporting from washington, i am
laura trevelyan. sudan celebrates as the military and opposition agree to form a transitional government. will the power-sharing deal end violence? joe biden and donald trump are trading barbs. to go head-to-head, mr. biden needs to show democratic voters he is the right pick. plus, the life-changing surgery for paralyzed patients. by rewiring their nerves doctors hope to restore crucial movements. laura: for those watching on pbs and around the globe, welcome to "world news america." hecrowds celebrated intreets of sudan's capital, khartoum, the military and civilia agree to a power-sharing deal. the plan is for a general election to be held after a ree-year transition period.
but first the military will be in charge for 21 months, followed by a civilian government. f comes after the ousting president omar al-bashir in april and a military crackdown in june in which 128 peoe were killed. the bbc's anne soy reports. anne: the moment they have waited for for so long. they risked it all to see this day when the military would allow civilians to rule in sudan. celebrations broke tut as soon announcement was made. has-- as a sign of new beonnings, and there were n security officers in the streets for the first time in months. but the military are not goinget anywhere >> disagreements will be comprehensive and not exclude anyone. we will reach out to the ambitions of the sudanese people and its pure revolution.
anne: african union mediators said the military would had the tansition body for the fi year and half. >> the two parties have agreed to form the sovereign council inquiry betwee them, military and civilian, for three years and more and agree to an independent government, technocrats led by a prime ministbe which will apable and work for the country. anne: it is not lost on the rs that the task at hand is enormous. >> this agreement opens the path for establishment of transitional bodies, which will begin executing reformation ograms in all social, political, and economic aspects. the first of which is the issue of peace and the indep, transparent investigation of the punishment of the killers of the martyrs. anne: even as some savor the moment, others are skeptical of thal and are suspicious of
the military's intentions all along. sudan is entering a new phase, a transition to a government of compromise, to calm the tensions of the past few months and many hope chart a new path for the country.oy anne sbbc news. laura: for more i spoke to cameron hudson, who worked for the u.s. special envoy for sudan and is now at the atlantic council. thank you for being with us, meron hudson. do you think this power-sharing ement between sudan' military and civilian leaders is going to work out? cameron: it is very hard to say right now. we don't have all the details yet. i think there are things in there that i would've liked to see that would have made it a more durable agreement, and certainly would have indicated more of a willingness on the urt of the military to gi certain things. for example, if they announcedim they werdiately turning on
the internet, which has been off for the better part of a month, if they announced new press freedomsif they had identified some of the civilians who would be in this transitional governmentight now, that would give people more confidence about the durability of this agreement. haile those questions remain unanswered, it i to make long-term predictions about the strength of this deal. laura: the military get to hold power first in the rotating hereement. does the test comeer they are prepared to share power with civilians? cameron: absolutely, and i'm skeptical that civilians will get to s their turn at holding power. the military has the next 21id months to conse control, their control of the organs of the state.th they have 21 ms to undermine any agreement. they are 21 months for the opposition, which had a difficult time maintaining unity, 21 months for them to continue to splinter.
lot could happen in 21 months. i've seen this before in sudan with respect to the comprehensive peace agreement between north anlssouth. this fike a tactical retreat but not a strategic change of heart. i don't believe th military harbors democratic feelings for the country. we should not view this as a real strategic shi on the part of the military but as another method of buying time and relieving the international pressure that had been growing over the past few weeks to make this deal. laura: what does the violence of recent weeks say about the volatility of sudan in the aftermath of president bashir? cameron: it is an incredib volatile time right now, and there are r divisions within the military. the transition government is not monolithic. you have a mercenary element in
their bank--n there with rapid support forces who are there for their own aggrandizement and enrichment. they are paired with professional military corps which, yes, has been accused of atrocities in darfur and other places, it does see itself as the guarantor of the stupidity state. there is tension between these factions in the military. we cannot lessen the potential for them to divide andreor war to out. laura: cameron hudson, thank you for being with us. cameron: thank you very much. laura: president trump and joe biden were trading insults b today, bore they face each other, the former vice president hehas to convince democrats the right pick for the nomination. after a debate performancean marked bttack from rival kamalaarris, mr. biden gave a rare interview and talked about the incoming fire. mr. biden: i was prepared for them to come after me, but i'm
-- i was not for the person coming at me the way -- she knew beau, she knows me. anyway. but here's the deal, what i do know, good news and the bad news, the american people think they know me, and they know me. laura: joe bidenent on to criticize president trump's foreign policy agenda, there would be no nato is mr. trump is reelected. the president shot right back. pres. trump: president obama and vice preside didn't have a clue. they got taken advantage of bya, chy nato, by every country they did business with. laura: for more on presidential politics, i spoke with brittany epherd national political correspondent at yahoo! news. you have been with the biden campaign. did joe biden feel he had to give this interview after kamala harris damaged him in the first debate? brittany: i think the is a bit of narrative course correcting happening right now. biden and his aides have been
desperate to get out that the votes and record speaks for himsel himself of the has not bn able to get in front of the narrative bause kamala harris and her biting takedown of him and by all accounts very haccessful takedown of the been dominating the news cycle, dominating the programs, dominating print coverage. anything he can do to do damage control,ane wouldto. laura: kamala harris12aised nearlyillion in the second order. how much momentum is with her s going into theond of i at the end of children -- second debate at the end of july? brittany: i don't want to prognosticate more than i do not know, but there is interest in her and it is breakout more than breakthrough. some had breakoumoments during e debates -- we talk about marion williamson in a way that is maybe serious or not serious, but kamala harris had a breakthrough moment. she is fourth or fifth in line
to mayor pete, who had a dominant campaigning quarter, and joe biden. but it is teresting to see if they will keep up. lots of money was raised in the last two weeks. laura: after the debate. what do you make of joe biden trying to appear so centrist while the party seems to be pushing left with the other contenders? brtany: i thitr he has been ng to say for a while, even when he was barack obama's vice president, that there are democrats beg left out of the national conversation. if you saw the interview this money, he took a very direct shot at aoc, who reesents the young, progressive part of the party, saying that that might be a fringe group but the real americans are in the center, and ng voters that he might be trying to capture trump voters or apprehensive older democrats who are not comfortable with the way things are on twitter or facebook or they know. laura:si the pnt lashed out at joe biden today.
does the presidency him as being the biggest threat, especially when it comes to winning back the midwest? brittany: i can never guess what is in the president's head, but with much time spending in the white house, president trump sees joe biden as a threat, because he has those centristse ibilities. people know who joe biden is more than they ever knew who donald trump was. there is a sense that this guy can take me, and that is threatening when he has people or kamazabeth warren harris or mayor pete work gt been able toe to toe with him on the national stage like joe biden has. definitely at the front of his mind. i don't know if it is locked in nt,re for the presi however. laura: bernie shepperd, thank you so much for joining us. brittany: thank you so much for having me. ura: in other news, venezuela's supreme court has released 22 people from prison, includina high-profile judge and an investigative journalist critical of preside. nicolas
madu it comes as the united nations issued a daming report accusing venezuela of killing thousands of people unlawfully. the u. economy created more than 200,000 new jobs in june. the figure is far higher than expected, and the robust growth has eased fears of an economic slowdown prompted by poor jobs data in may. e professional and business services sector gave the biggest boost to the jobs numbers. hundreds have taken part in a rally in hong kong by mothers supporting young people who have been demonstrating against the beijing-baed government. student groups dismissed an offer from hong kong's leader carrie lam to hold private talks about the unrest. the families of 157 people kill in the ethiopian airlines plane crash want to know if the gbowl -- boeing 737 max was
airworthy and safe at the time. family members say theat commercial motn of aerospace giant led to the deaths of theti res. >> everywhere we look, there is ank where she should be. reporter:ir struggling with t loss. their daughter was on the boeing plant that -- boeing plane that crashed in ethiopia. washone of the 157 people on board. of did the first couple hours ago? >> i learned standing in the laundry room. it was 3:00 in the morning, and i started physically shaking. i cannot stop my body from shaking. and that i just thought i cannot tell the other people in the house. reporter: it was the second idencal boeing jet to crash in five months. initial reports say they happen for the same reason, a faulty flight control system. the 737 max has been grounded
ever since. critics said the development and launch of the jet was rushed, and that boeing requires at the expense of safety. >> definitely my daughter died for the profit of boeing, and i else to dieanyon for that reason. i want these planes to be and invest in the country and the hardware, the infrastructure, to make our aviation system say. reporter: they want to know why their daughter died,nd their fight has taken them to the top of the american government as they are now represe families from across north america. when the plane crashed there were passengers from more than the highest proportion were from kenya, because the flight was bound for nairobi. the second-highest amount were from here in canada. families in toronto are starting to want answs as to why their
loved ones were killed. >> i lost my wife, carol, my three children, ryan, kelly, and ruby. and i also lost my mom in law. i feel so lonely. i look at people, iheee them with children playing outside, and i know i cannot have my children. reporter: paul lost his entire family. he believes they would still be alive i boeing had grounded planes earlier. the crash of flight was preventable. the individuals knew they would not be held criminally liable, it would not face years in prison. if they knew they would face years in prisonwe the ground those planes. reporter: we asked to boeing fnd an interviewata cai. in a statement they said, "rrwe
are for the tragic loss of life in these accidents. we are focused on the earning the trust and confidence of the public." for the families, life is their resolve now, finding the truth. laura: i bowlithe spot -- areing in the spotlight. yo watching "bbc world news america." thstill to come, she i 15ear-old phenom who is taken wimbledon by storm. now co gauff is advancing to the next round. eee state of emergency has declared in the californian city of ridgecrest aer an earthquake of 6.4 shook the area. it is southern california's strongest eyethquake for 20 s, and tremors continue to be felt on friday. rie crest is 150 miles
northeast of los anges. reporter: this the aftermath of the biggest earthquake to hit southern california and's 1999. the 6.4 magnitude earthquake struck at 10:30 in the morning. it damaged buildings and downed power lines and sparked fires. this one at suburban home. >> oh my god, the tire has up on the car. reporter:as the epicenter wn the edge of death valley national park neri the city of dgecrest. >> i was sitting there getting dressed him and all of a sudden the van started shaking and i start seeing the dresser start checking. all of sudden i realized the walls was moving and everything g like i was surfing without no water. it was crazy. reporter: despite the quake's strength only minor injuries were reported. but ridgecrest has declared a state of emergency. >>ha because w had over 87
aftershocks of this from we don't know what is going to happen, and with that, the state of emergency allows us to seek significant health from other governmental entities. reporter: experts are warning more quakes, possibly bigger ones are possible. >> there is one in 20 chance that this location will be having an even bigger earthquake within the next few days that we have not yet seen the biggest earthquake in the sequence. reporter: in the meantime, the area is being rattled by aftershocks. >> roll, roll, roll. >> that would have been great if ned on air. laura: surgeons in australia have rewired the nerves of paralyzed patients given movement in their arms and
hands. before the operation, the patientsould not use their limbs. now 13 out of the 16 who had the surgery can bend elbows and use their hands. james: this might seem simple, but it is remarkable. once-paralyzed patients have been giv use of their arms and hands again. ndey can feed themselves, put on makeup, or hold with a partner. paul robinson was injured in a dirtbike accident four years ago. >> pick left that i wouldn't do in my right -- james: he can live independently and play wheelchair rugby after having his nerves rewired. the reason you can move your hands and fingers is because messages come from your brain and travel down your spinal cord and then through nerves in your arms to control the muscles in your arms and hands. c after a spind injury, those msages from the brain get blocked. you lose control and become paralyzed. in this study, all the patients
had a small amount of control in the muscles of the upper arm and shoulder. what the doctors did was they took the nerves that control these muscles and rewired them and connected them to the nerves further down the arm, allowing patients to bend at the elbow and open and close tands. jake is learning to use his armd and again after an accident in a swimming pool left him paralyzed. surgery cannot completely reverse the damage, but doctors say they are transforming live >> it is going to make an enormous difference. it is going to mean back to work and more involved in family life and more independence. james: experts warned the procedure will not work for everyone, but studies show the incredible ability of the brain to adapt. >> your brain can rethat the muscle that used to trigger -- turn your hand and move your shoulder can do something different. you have amazing adaptability.
james: huge advances are being made in paralysis. eltronic implants or cells taken from the nose are helping peleove their legs again. all these approaches show paralysis may not have to be permanent. laura: one of today's grletest ches is how to thrive in the modern economy. the old days of a lifeloca er path have more or less vanished. how do the highest performers navigate the new world and reach the top?f neil irwinhe new york times" wrote his new book "how to win" about this and he joins ed a short time ago. atit is a fascg read. what is the key quality that successful people have in the new economy? neil: it is to cultivate adaptability. when we are growing up we learn over and over that if you are good at something ke doing it, whether it is sports or public speaking or whatever it might be. what i found is i went to companies to see what it takes
to thrive in the 21st-century economy, to not just do one thing but understand the connections between whhe you do and things. stretch yourself in new directions anytime you can. laura: you write about this glue person. who is thape neil: thon on the team who can make the group stick together. people with different technical skills -- software eineers all nd fincial people and strategy people all coming together to make some kind of product -- you see this in the major organizations that are ndminating industries more more. it takes a special quality to be that glue and help people stick together. that is something you can cultivate and become that person yourself. laura: rather depressingly, you say the concept of loyalty, the idea that employers would be loyal to an employee, that is pretty much out the window. why? neil: we see this in every major industry in the lasteneration, the idea that you can put your head down and stay on the job for a long time is no longer the case. when there is a strategy shift
you have to change with it. that can be a nothing, but -- that can be unnerving, but the key is cultivating adaptability so you can take advantage of those changes and not be stuck by them. laura: what did you conclude about how people learn to be adaptable? i listen am fossil.efully as a neil: no, we all have to learn. it is a matter of doing it, it is a matter of volunteering, trying se new skill, taking a course. do that not just once, but over and over again. the more you do it, the easier it becomes. it is like math or public speaking -- we're not all naturally good at it, but by practicing you get bette laura: you do also say that winning takes many forms. i like this, that you don't have to be the ceo to win. you can win doing ilat you want. i called the book "how to win" knowing that everybody has a different definition of that. it is not how to become a billionaire or a ceo, although for some people that i what winning does mean. i think the key is being delivered -- deliberate about
what it means for you to have a satisfng career, durable career, rewarding life, and prioritizing accordingly. laura: some of the peou spoke to have chosen in effect family over ceo. neil: there's nothing wrong with that. there are trade-offs, and if you want to be on the ceo track and your kids want to be on the ceo track, they will make sacrifices to attain it. i think the question is are there ways you can find -- approaches that maximize what you ally care about? those are the choices that are the most important you making -- to make in a career. laura: you make the point that the economy has evolved, so that the compies that are successful basically are global, digitalized. are those the tech companies winners are going to be working for the future? neil: frequently these superstar companies -- microsoft, google,- goldman sachhey are larger and more dominant than they ever used to be. that does not mean that you can only work in tho. there are plenty of different kinds of companies. argument is that some o these approaches -- being the glue person, being adaptable --
these ap matter what organization you are in, whether it is the sallrtup challenging those big incumbents or something else entirely. laura: your top piece of advice to aspiring winners? neil: keep stretching yourself and trying something new every couple of years and not get stuck in the same rut over and over. laura: thank you for joining uso speaking of hoin, coco gauff is giving a master class at wimbledon this week. the 15-year-old has advanced to the fourth round by defeating polona hercog in three sets. shehad two match points bef claiming victory. it comes after her win against enus-time champion williams tennis fans and tennis players around the world including this one are in aw of coco. announcer: funding for this presentation is made possible by... the freeman foundation; by judy and peter blum-kovler foundation,
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening. i'm judy woodruff. on the "newshour" tonight, a pantentious question-- the justice dement is still looking for a legal rationale to ask about citizenship on the census.id then, after prt trump's july 4th speech draws criticism for politicircng the armed , we examine his history of making political stinements ilitary settings. plus aroup of diabetic women leads a caravan to canada to purchase insulin and make ou statement abt drug prices in the u.s. >> i didn't get the choice to get diabetes, but i certainly had the choice of hoi was going to react to getting t'abetes. >> woodruff: andfriday-- david brooks and karen tumultyk brwn the president's july fourth speech, the contentious