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tv   PBS News Hour  PBS  July 8, 2019 3:00pm-4:00pm PDT

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captioning sponsorho by news productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening. i'm judy woodruff. on the "newshour" tonight: aftershocks-- we are on the ground in southern californiag followjor earthquakes that have left the region rattled. then, despite border officials unding the alarm, the trump administration again dismisses reports of squalor at migrant detention facilities along the u.s./mexico border. and a giant leap for human kind. we look back at apollo 11-- the mission that put men on the moon 50 years ago. >> one of the great things that came out of the space program--a e the greatest thing-- was the sense of optimism it engendered, that tomorrow will be better than today, the sense >> woodruff: all that and more on tonight's "pbs newshour." f
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>> major fundingor the pbs newshour has been provided by: >> babbel. a langge program that teaches real-life conversations in a new language, like spanish, french, german, italian, and babbel's 10-15 minute lessons are available as an app, or online. more information on babbel.com. >> consumer cellular. >> financial services firm raymond james. >> the william and flora hewlett foundation. for more than 50 years, advancing ideas and supporting instutions to promote a bett world. in www.hewlett.org. >> and with the onsupport of these institutions:
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>> this program was made possible by th public broadcasting. and by contributions t pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. >> woodruff: iran has raised the ante in a high-skes standoff with the united states. the islamic republic a hounced today begun enriching uranium to levels higher than allowed under the 2015 nuclear accord. the new level is still far below weapons-grade. but in tehran, a foreign ministry spokean threatened to go higher still, unless europe helps to bypasu.s. sanctions. >> ( translated if the
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remaining countries in the deal, especially the europeans, do not fulfill their commitments seriously, and do not do anything more than talk, iran's third step will be harder, more steadfast and even stunning. >> woodruff: the u.s. withdrew from the nuclear deal last year. today, vice president pence called the agreement "disastrous," and he warned that imerica will not back down." n should not confuse american restraint with a lack of american resolve. ( applause )fo we hopthe best, but the united states of america and oue military arered to protect our interests and protect our personnel and our citizens in the region. >> woodruff: under president trump the u.s. has sent thousands of troops, an aircraft carrier and b-52 bombers to the persian gulf region. but he military strike on iran last month. in new york, billionaire
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financier jeffrey epstein entered a "not guilty" plea today sex trafficking and conspiracy. he allegedly abused dozens of underage girls in the 2000's. a 2008 agreement let epstein avoid prison time on similar charges in florida. but federal prosecutors in manhattan argued they are not bound by that deal. we'll get the details later in the program. a federal grand jury in new york is probing republican fundraiser elliott broidy. he served as vice-chair of president trump's inaugural committee. the associated press reports the investigation is focused on whether broidy illegally used that position to cut business deals with foreign leaders. u.s. attorney general says he sees a way forward on adding a citizenship question to the 202e us. he gave no details today, but he said heves it is possible to address the concerns that led
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supreme court to block the question. >> you know, we've been considering all the options andn i've been inant discussions with the president ever since the supreme court cision came down. and i think over the next day or two you'll see what approach we're taking. >> woodruff: barr spoke afterju thice department announced that new lawyers are taking over the effort.nc but in san fco, house speaker nancy pelosi charged again that the intent is to scare off people in the country illegally. >> but this is about keeping, you know-- "make america," you now, the hat? "make america white again." they want to make sure that people-- certain people-- are counted. it's really disgraceful and it's not what our founders had in mind. >> woodruff: the census count determines the distribution of congressional seats and greatly influences the distribution of federal funds.
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cthe international criminrt has convicted a congo rebel lead of war crimes. bosco ntaganda had been dubbed "the terminator." he was found guilty today of mass murder, rape and sexual slavery in the early 2000's, as rival ethnic groups foug over neral riches. in all, hundreds of civilians k weled, and thousands were forced to flee.th in greeccenter-right leader kyriakos mitsotakis tooki office as primster today. he vowed to cut taxes and ease budget cuts imposed by international bailouts. the swearing-in came a day after e "new democracy" party scored a landslide election victoryer left-wing regime that had governed for four years. >> ( translated ): the greek people gavus yesterday a strong mandate to change greece. we will honor this mandate in odll. starting we are prepared for hard work, and i have total
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confidence in our ability to stand at the height of the circumstances. >> woodruff: the extreme right "golden dawn" waturned out of parliament entirely. back in the u.s. navy will have to wait a while longer for a new top officer. admiral william moran announced late sunday that he is retiring. he had been set to become chief of naval operations in august. moran acknowledged he had continued to rely on the counsel of another officer who was reprimanded for misconduct toward women. in economic news, germany'ssc de bank began laying off employees under a plan to cut 18,000 positionsy 2022. e focus is on investment banking operations based in new york and london. and wall street slumped again as hopes dimmed for lower interest rate the dow jones industrial average lost 116 points to close at 26,806. the nasdaq fell 63 points. and the s&p 500 dropped 14. and the u.s.omen's national
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soccer team headed home from france today, after winning a record fourth world cup. th beat the netherlands two-nil on sunday. the players paied through the a ticker-tape pade is scheduled for wednesday in new york. still to come on the "newshour," californians without insurance face an uncertain future following the state's latest earthquakes; the history behind sex crime charges against billionae jeffrey epstein; president obama's head ofme holand security on how to treat migrants, and much more. >> woodruff: aftershocks are still rocking parts of southern california today following two massive earthquakes struck thursday and friday.
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the largest was a magnitude 7.1 quake, the biggest to hit the area in 20 years. communities closest to the epicenter in the mojave desert-- 150 miles north of los angeles-- were upended by the damage. special correspondent cat wisesi d the towns where residents are picking up the pieces. to reporter: residents are trickling back in ome of the hardest-hit communities to see the scope of the damag ashly evans is one of them. she's lived in the small town of trona her entire le. 's located about 30 miles northeast of ridgecrest-- the largest town in the arr the epicenter. >> i thought being in trona i'd never experience anything crazy. >> reporter: you didn't known that there wasrthquake with the potential for an earthquake here? >> i thought that was for movies. >> reporter: when met the 21- year-old single mother, she was returning home with her two- n ek-old baby and young daughter for the first timeveral days. >> it's just me, so i had to buy all this myself anyways. so anything broken is what-- i
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lost out on. um, i'm glad that my house didn't cave in anywhere. a lot of houses are coming down in the roof. >> reporter: did you have rthquake insurance? >> no, so i just have to clean it. >> reporter: about 50 homes in trona have been destroyed. rock slides teorarily closede in road into town, cutting off access to the 1,500 people who live there. the electricity was cut off-- amid temperatures hovering around 100 degrees. but it's since been restored. residents are still withouter drinking wo cases of water are having to be trucked in. it was a different scene in-- ridgecre community of 29,000 where water and electricity have been fully restored. crews are still inspecting homes for signs of structural damage, but vernment buildings have been deemed safe. they're not the only ones taking ock of the quakes' impact. as the suname up this morning, a group of scientists and
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researchers gathered to discuss their goalfor the day. they're part of a large collaborative effort underway between government agencies, universities, and private companies who are quickly ying to study newly visible fault lines before the elements-- an humans-- disturb the scene. >> it's the biggest earthquake we'vhad in about 20 years. so, brought me out of retirement to come back out here and help with the effort. >> reporter: among them is jerry treiman, a former senior engineering geologist at the california geological survey. t >> some ruptures further east of us are already getting covered by windblown dust and sand and we'll lose that. especially these smaller faults or faults that moved less in this event have very confined fracturing which can be hard to see after a week or more. w and whdon't know is if these small fault small, displacements now might move with more displacement in a future earthquake. >> each of these little red dots is an earthquake we've
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experienced over theysast few >> reporter: seismologist jen andrews and her colleagues at the california institu technology in pasadena are analyzing data from the earthquake sensors to see what a it can tell thut future events. >> one of the conc wns here is thn we look at a map and we see faults into little faults sections intersecting like this we now have a very clear picture that they can move together that because we've got movement on two different faults on two different sort of small faults they can join together and giveg us a much earthquake. they can give us much bigger magnitude and stronger shaking. >> reporter: and although scientists are carefully monitoring seismic activity around the state, andrews says there are still undiscovered and unstudied faults that could cause problems in the future. >> there are lots of faults that we haven't mapped that we maybe have some indication of from surface expression butaven't been particularly active. and so there's this risk that we
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have to factor in as well about whe could be moving that we unaware of. >> reporter: many of the 4,000 aftershocks record so far have been small, but some residents are so unnerved that they've oolt safer sleeping outside. >> it's nice andout here. we get to see the stars and it's like a permanent camping trip for us. ig reporter: jessica schultz has spent the last twos sleeping outdoors in trona with her three sons. trthey've been sharing a ms in a tent in her front yard. >> i'm scared that if we sleep inside we'll have that big earthquake coming that they say is gonna happen and we will not be to get out of this one. so i figure if we sleep outside and it comes we can ju into our car and go because we already packed it. it's got foo water, it's got our clothes in it. everything that we're going to need. >> reporter: as the t last night, they were building a fire and preparing ready-to-eat mealy dropped ofolunteers earlier in the day. local officials have warned
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residents to brace themselves for more aershocks over the coming days, but the likelihood of a large one has dropped significantly. smammer aftershocks including one just a few hours ao, judy? >> woodruff: and these aftershocks clearly rattling people there. what else are thengy telou? how are they copg? the residents that we've been talking to have told us that they really are on g one mother told me that she has been sleeping in the the back of her pickup truck with her four teenage children and none of thep have been getting much l sleep over tt few nights. another mother told me her young ddler has been crying out loudly every time she feels shaking. we also heard from residents that they heard reports that another arge aftershock could happen at any moment but we know from u.s. gs officials that at this point the likelihood of a rong aftshock 6.0 or great
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certificate less than 10%. but still at this time, even mild shaking is really causing a lot of anxie and fear among residents, adults and children alike. >> woodruff: it has to be unnerving. and so cat, what would you say is the gratest need there now? >> here where we spent the most time over the lat couple of days the biggest need is clearly water. bottled water an being hded out to residents by volunteers and the tional guard but we've been hearing from folks that erey are frustrated wat service hasn't been brought back online for the community yet. many residents rely on running water for thir air conditioning units tand is extremely hot here. we spoke to a loc today who said it is unclear at this point when water service will be back up and running. >> woodruff: cat wise, we thank you. wenow it isabout a hundred degrees where are you reporting from southern california near
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trona. >> woodruff: jeffrey epstein, a politically connected financier, is facing up to 45 years in prison on charges he was running a sex trafficking ring in the early 2000s that inclu underage girls as young as 14- years-old.pl epsteided not guilty and uas said any sex was conse with women he believed were 18 or older. the charges were ann as part of an indictment unsealed today by federal prosecutors in w york. as lisa desjardins tells us, epstein has pleaded guilty before to lesser charges and has more on this story. >> reporte epstein allegedly abused dozens of minors at his homes in manhattan and palm beach, florida. he enlisted girls to recruit other minors to his trafficking ring. and prosecutors said they seized scores of photos of fully or partially nude girls. epstein, who has been seen in the past as a friendf
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president trump and former president clinton, first faced other sex crime charges backn 2007. at the time, hcould have faced life in prison for allegations with underage girls.bu the prosecutor in the case-- alex acosta, now president trump's lar secretary---struck a more lenient deal. epstein served just 13 months in a county jail for these crimes. a "miami herald" investigation earlier this year raised new questions about this deal and brought forward new victims. u.s. attorney geoffrey berman of the southern district of new york said it was important to bring new charges now. iminning in 2002 and continuing until 2005 epstein is alleged to have abused dozens of victims by causing them to engah in sex acts withim at his mansion in new york and at his estate in palm beach, floridle the d behavior shocked the conscience. and while the charge conduct is
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from a number of years ago, it is still profoundly important to the many alliegedctims, now young women. they deserve their day in court. and we are proud to be standing up for them by bringing this indictment. >> for some perspective on all of this and the decisions to bring newha crges i'm joined by elie honh ig wihe southern district of new york. let's start right away with these charges, they are very serious. they include allegations of mistreating and abusing dozens of girls but ty are dating back 14 years and mouare. how unis it to have such a delay in bringing charges and how can prosecutorso that? >> st quite unusual to see charges that are this old. the reason that the southern district of new york was able o charge this case so many years after the fact is there iso actuallyatute of 4reu78 taitions--imitations on the sex trafficking of minors charges. most have a statute of limitations meani
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when the crime is committed until you have to charge it of five years but this happens to be one of the few serious statutes that does not have any statute of limitations. i can tell you the age of these charges will provide some obstacles and some deficits to prosecutors in proving their case. memories fade, evidence disappears. so i tnk these will end up being strong charges but the age could be an impediment. >> also, of course, of note is the face etein faced that massive indictment in 2006 but ultimately tt was sealed as part of that plea deal that many call highly unusual xt question is why isn't this double jeopardy if he already signed a plea deal ina case about sexual mks conduct alth minors. >> first i wouldthe plea deal that he got am florida the nonpro than highly unusual.e i don't call it completely unprecedented am i don't know that i have ever seen a deal that lenient in a casli this. why isn't it double jeopardy, couple reasons. firsepstein only pled state-level charges.
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these are now federal charges td that is no double jeopardy. if the state charges and federal government charges or ve versa, the supreme court just clarified this a couple of weeks ago that is nodouble jeopardy. second of all the nonprosecution agreement that epsinntered into with the southern district of florida which was headed by alex acosta was onlyind og on that one district, the southern district of florida.t the other u.s. attorney's offices including the southern district of new york and the u.s. attorney r the southern district, that was said today during the press co that is correct. >> the "miami herald" has reported on this for many months and so far secretary acoa has not commented on it it. we asked again also if he had any comment today. do you think there will be foowup for him because hwas the prosecutedder in this case? >> politicallyhere certainly uld be. it is already being investigated sort of what went into his decision, making process. i don't see how he in any sort of good faith or with a straight face manages to remain as a cabinet secretary in this
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administration. that said, he's not shown any signs of resigning. president trump today sort of reaffirmed his support for secretary acosta which i think is completely inexplicable. this deal that acosta gave to epstein years ago isom cpletely n defensible it is unusual and unprecedenteddedveral respects, in how short a term of prison epstein facned, 13 moths he ended up serving and most on work release. the fact tha o costa did not notify the victims violates federal law and is somethi a evirst year prosecutor would know better than to do. so i have to think acosta new that d intentionally disregarded that obligation. and the fact that aconesta sig a deal that immunized the conspirators, the people around epstein is very strange. why would he want to do thatss une was protecting poker withful people who he was afraid of. you think he has some very difficult questions to answer. i also think congress needs to do its job and dig in deep on what happened. >> i need to ask about tho
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ripple effect, the politicians associated witwemr. epstein. now for example donald trump knew mr. epstein, here say quote e.om the president, hen not president, of cou in 2002 saved epstein he is he a lot of fun to be with. n is eveid that he likes beautiful women as much as i do. and many of them are on the younger side. president trump acknowledging that at the time. and alsof course we know that former president clinton flew with erpstein on his pivate jet reportedly dozens of times. do you think or how would we learn if any of these individuals, others soshted with can get caught mup this ace?e >> good stion. so the number one way we'll learn who else was involve md mi respect is if this case goes to trial. when a case goes to trial all the evidence comes out, names get named and we will learn everything, if it comes to that. now if epstein pleads guilty before trial then we will end up in a gray area. and traditionally what federal prosecutors do is they don't name other people o have not been indicted. you will give them sort of
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generic labels like we saw on the indisietment today, employee one, employee two, perhaps customer one, we saw individual one, whichever one, in the michael cohen case, which kun without tell referred to president trump. we may s some generic reference to other people involved. and we could have morein indictmenthich case we could see other people charged and we certainly will know who they are. >> elie honig former federal prosecutor from the sothern district of new york, thanks for joining us. >> thank you for having me. >> woodruff: stay with us. coming up on the "ne," tamara keith and amy walter explore the latest twists on the campaign trail; 50 years after the moon landing, a retrospective on a giant leap for humankind; and an inside look at a new app capitalizing on the trend ofer intergional housing. nearly00,000 undocumented
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immigrants were detained at the u.s. southern border last month. but it is what happens after they are held in u.s. custody that has been under scrutiny in cent weeks. the federal department of homela security and members of congress have released accounts of the overcrowding inside detention facilities. supporters of the trump administration's policies say they are a continuation of the obama years. jeh johnson served as the secretary of homeland security during the obama administration and he joins me now. jeh johnson welcome back to the newshour. >> thanks for having me. >> woodruff: these conditions, if you seere the pic read any of the accounts, they look unhealthy, look at this, these are just some new pictures that have been released. it looks unsanitary and worse. what should be done with these individuals? >> well, first, the reality for ese migrant as, for these people from central america is
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worse. it's worse in central america and the reality of the current conditions are terrible. any time you have border infrastructure for a population of x and you face x times four t is bound to be tragic. first and fore mot, judy, we have to continue the ienes congress started in 2016, in eradicating the poverty and america, thval push fact ares that motivate these families o come to the united states in the first place. >> woodruff: do i understand you to say it is worse where they are coming from, so president trump has said the situation there is worse than at they have here. >> guatemala, el salvador, honduras is the moslet vio place on our planet right now. exacerbated by the draught, the hit to the coffee market there and i will mefer forget 2014 when we had a similar crisis, hoe mot as big, someone said to
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me you cannot padlock a o do a burning building. and these families are making thbasic human calculation to flee a burning building to seek a better lithe united states. so we have to continue to invest in eradicating thepoverty and violence. congress started in 2016 with an investment of 750 million. d i'm told that the initial investment we already made while a drop in the bucket was beginning to make a difference. so the spending that aid whichen prestrump has done is the exact wrong thing to do. there are always additional investments we can make it in board are security, judy, but so long as these underlying pushs fact exist, and i know this problem for three year, illinois legalon migras by the circumstanceses that force someone to leave in the first place. >> woodruff: most people recognize that and understanp a lot of h needed but we know that is not going to get fixed quickly. in the mean time ny, may
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thousands of peel coming too this country what aboheut trump administration charged that things were just as bady under administration werk have a pick it ture heuer that they have spoken about of you touring one of these facilities in 2014. you just mentioned that. there is a sign there that says males age 16 to 18. was it it as bad under president obama it it is now. >> well, certainly not as bad because we simply arnotwe are not seeing then the numbers we are seeing now. and any time you see a situation like this you try to anticipate it it and sty ahead of the curve. that photograph was fro2014. that was a temporary facility in arizona when we had the spike in the families and the kids and under the law when dhs apprehends an unaccompanied child we are required within 72 hours to transfer that child to hhs. in the mean time you simply have to have some place, you can't
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release them to streets of el paso or texas and so tat particular facility like others was set up to have some place to hold on to them until they can be prokus -- processed for a peferredz 72 hours. >> are you saying this was a temporary situation and different from what is happening now. >> yes, the back log now is cause of the numbers, is terr ale. and so y bound to see these tragic situations. and so it is up to those who are responsible for this to try to anticipate it and frankly to try our best to treat people in a fair and humane way. and so we in the obama administration, we didn't alway have perfect and we were criticized but i would like to think that we tried to be sensitive. every time i would go to south texas, for example, i would always visit hse families, these kids an talk to the kids about why they came here.
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and what ceeir circumstare so that i could see the problem up closone and pe. >> woodruff: you have talked about, am fact you wrote an opinion piece over the weekend in which you tad about it is time for straight talk from amerea's politicaladers were both political parties. one of the hinges you referred to was frankly what democratic presidential candidatesk some of them areha advocating andis either de criminalizing people who cross the border and commit no other cri ome, iner words, saying it would be okay, it would be legal for them to stay in the united states. you are saying that is not realistic. >> judy, i'm a prayed this is getting lost. most americans, and i mow this from personal experience andfr polls, most americans want imimraition policy that treats people in a fair and humane way, particularly those who have been her years who are becoming de facto americans, integrated members of society. they want to see us take care of the dreamer class but also want a secure border. and the other rety is that
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when we change our policy and we signal to people beyond our borders that efftively our borders are open and that you will not be he can ported unless you coit a crime, for example, the migrats will hear tha message. it will be aggravated and amplified by the slemu are add instead of 100,000 a moment month, we will deal with00, 300,000 a month and these situations will be worse. >> woodruff: so continue to keep it illegal to cross the border. one quick thing, president trump is talking about tightening asyl laws, is tan answer to what is going on. i believe and this is reflected in our current laws that every person who entered our country who makes a claim for asylum has a right to that claim for asylum and should. i think it is fundamental to our american walues andho we are as a nation that someone who is ignng persecuted in a fore country should have the opportunity to make that case in
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an immigration court he in this country. >> and the united states shld provide facilities. should provide care for them. >> the answer is in my view, and this is what we tried to do in the obama adminiration, keep them here, but hire more immigration judges. move hse cases faster so they don't take three, four, five years. and we werrye uch started on t office. before we lef rather than deprive someone who is being persecuted in a foreign country of the opportunity to make that case here in the united states. >> woodruff: jeh johnson, former secretary of homeland security, thank tu very much. nks for having me. >> woodruff: presidential hopefuls crico-crossed the try over the weekend. as yamiche alcindor reports, issues of racial injustice remained at the forefront.el
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>>! >> reporter: for some 2020 democratic candidates, the road to the nomination ran through new orleans and the essence fest this weekend. pthe event is a gathering on by the company behind "essence" magazine. a number of candidates-- like california senator kamala harris-- came to sway this audience of mostly black voters with a policy-first pitch. >> a typicallack family has just $10 of wealth for every $100eld by a white family. so we must right that wrong.ra and after geons of discrimination, give blackfa milies a real shot at homeownership. >> reporter: her plan o put $100 billion dollars toward helping millions ominority homebuyers-- specifically, toward down payments and closing costs. it also includes proposals to allow more people to build credit histories.ls it wouldbolster laws against housing and lending discrimination. massachusetts senator izabeth
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warren arrived with a new plan of her own, having just writedn an oor the "essence" website. "we need to demand," she wrote, "that companies and the government properly value the work of black women-- and hold them accountable if they don't." >> my plan is to use the power of the federal government on a half of a trilli dollars of vernment contracts, to make sure every government contractor in this country doesn't justal talk the but walks the walk on equal pay for equal work and a truly diverse workforce that looks like america.ep >>ter: new jersey senator cory booker also came with a policy-first approach. he highlighted his "baby bonds" idea of vings accounts, for children born in the u.s. former texas congressman beto o'rourke kt his focus on funding for historically black colleges and universities, as well as majorityinority school districts. and mayor pete buttigieg of south bend, indiana, came touting his plan to boost
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minority entrepreneurship. meanwhile, former vice president joe biden spent his weekend in south carolina-- where black vors historically have had significant sway in democratic primaries. this weekend, he apologized for previous comments about working with segregationists who served in the u.s. senate decades ago. >> was i wrong a few weeks ago to somehow give the pression to people that i was praising those men who i successfullypo d time and again? yes. i was. anregret it. and i'm sorry foof the pain or misconception that may have caused anybody. >> reporter: today, eric swalwell became the first democratic candidate to drop out of the race. before today, the california congressman was on the bubble for making it into the second set of primary debates later uris month. for the pbs newshoi'm yamiche alcindor. >> woodruff: and it's time for gulitics monday. i'm back with our r team-- amy walter of the cook political
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lireport and host of the "cs with amy walter" on w-nyc radio. and tamara keith of npr. she also co-hosts the "npr politics podcast." hello to both of you, politics monday. so let's talk about joe biden first of all, tam. and that is his apology awe reported, some days after he made the reference and then in yhe debate he was con fronted b kamala harris. is it working? is it going to work for him ae this sto say i made a mistake? >> he has dominated the news cycle of the democratic primary for three weeks. and not necessarily in the way you want to dominate the news cycle. because as you say, first it was his comments about the se regraition ksh-- segregationist, he said he found them despicable but that he could work with them. but then the debate and then the aftermath of the debate. so with thin's speech he wast
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just apologizing, he was also trying to get out ahead of mething where he has been behind for weeks. and he was trying pai a broader picture about his record, related to criminal justice and other issues of race. trying to get ahead of it. it is not clear yet whether it will work. clearly his opponents in the democratic race see an opportunity and they are taking it. >> does it look like a successful strategy to you? >> well, i agree with tam that when, you ow, the classic line in politics is when you are explaining, you are losing, right. so he spent a lot of time explaining and that has really been the question about joe biden from the very beginning which is how much explaining for his 40 year record is he going have to do. can he make one blanket statement and move on. he tried to do tay ail lit bit in the south carolina speech i ich is to say look, when i came to the senats 29 years old. a lot has changed in this country overhose last many years.
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a lot has changed within the democratic party. i have ooanged. he said i have witnessed incredible change and i have changed also, i have grown and that is a good thing 6789 but the chal edge was not so much his voting rerd t it was how he characterized working with segregationists. and also hie 24er ree of case in this ksh-- his theory of race in thet case is diffiis he counting on that there is a bigger constituency in the democratic party forody who is willing to work across the aisle, for somebody willing to be isa compr, to sort of stick within the system rather than trying to blohwp te system and african american voters are a key, key element to his success. it is why he is a front returner right now. but we're starting to see that vote splinter away. w druff: that is what i want to ask you about, because as we just shwed and heard in the report, tam, you had a parade, a number of candidates talking about home ownership, talking about ways to redress economic disparity in the african-american community. that the way they winr
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voters by talking about these substantive issues? >> it is certainly one way. but the other thing that african-american voters and all voters on the democratic prmary continue to be looking for is who is the one who can win who is the one who can beat president trump, and that has been a critical part of joeca biden'e where even in the debate, he was, all of the ked what iswere the first thing will you do as president. he says beat donald trump. and so part of what has happened with this three weeks is that the the iea of biden as the most electable candidate is starting to erode and if you about back to 2008, hillary clinton had the afrtean-american ntil she didn't. until it became clear to tho oters that barack o am bama now president obama, former president obama could be the one who could go all the wa
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>> woodruff: yeah. >> i a imr with that and i also think the challenge right now if you are joe biden in terms of holding on to those voters, policy becom imortant and i remember right after a conference that was held por african-american women, talking to people who hosted that conference, folks in the audience who said part of the reason elizabeth warren did so well with this audience is because shwas so well versed on the policy and the issuesmen, but eating donald trump, mm one. but also being am touch with and seeming well prepared for questions about the lies and concerns of a very important constituency. >> and elizabeth warren was as we say going moo a lot o detail. >> that's right. >> on these hinges. the other thing going on among democrats or i should say tween speaker nancy pelosi and alexandria ocasio-cortez, tam,
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is i don't know what you call it t is not a feud but it is certainly shall we say an expression of different views on what the democratic party stands for. vyou have nancy pelosi an interview with maureen dawd of nhe new york times" which other things she was some what dismissive of the younger andes more prove liberal members of her caw cause. is this a split that we should take seriously? is it just a momentary disagreement blip, how should we see this. >> there is an expression about hurting herding catsk and democrats are like hers,ding cat they have a lot of different views. and nancy pelosi has speaker has had 24 role where she tried to herd the cats. one of the challenges here isth pelosi is thinking about the entireemocratic caucus,
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conference in the house. she is thil nking about ose people who were just elected in 20189 in disicts that were held by republicans before. and thethe more progressive democrats who are frustrated with this, they were elected in really safe democratic seats. they have different, they have differentequities, different things that they are worried about. >> yeah, the majoritinre built on moderates and swing seats and republins lost ntrol last year by losing those swing districtsk democrats lost control in 2010 losing those swing districts 2-rbgs is also the reality now that we as we are watching america, voters become more partisan and more polarized t is happening in congre too. there used to be a time when for both party there would be folks within teir party that represented districts that were very different from the majority of people in that conference. but they all found a way to get wong. and they were evling to work with the other party to pass legislation. we remember that. >> i am old enough to even
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remember those days.a but that dunen any more. so the challenge i think thaid pelosi and, they are both am this category of the system can only work if we compromise, the system can only work if we stay closer to the middle. that sounds really out of touch to a generatiothat w up seeing only division. and if you grew up only watching president obama who said can i do thisan heal the wounds, i can bring the country together, bring the fevoer dwn, that didn't work very well and it is certainly not working fora trump. >> and stt generation that says we have the energy, the firepower and are the ones who will turn people out to vote. >> that's right. >> woodruff: amy walter, tamara keith, thank you both. >> you'r welcome. >> woodruff: we look back now at a momentous moment for humankind. william brangham explores the apollo 11 mission 50 years
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later. >> brangham: they're two of the tost enduring, and perhaps m romanticized images of man's first landing on the moon: the liftoff of the r carrying neil armstrong, buzz aldrin and michael collins. and, a few days later,rs armstrong's words as he stepped gingerly onto the moon. >> that's one small step for man, one giant leap for mankind. >> brangham: a new six-hour documentary airing over three nights this week on pbs's"am ican experience" aims to give a richer,eeper portrait of the political and cultural context that surrounded apollo 11. >> this will be the greatest and most complex explorati in man's history. >> brangham: "chasing the moon"" fleshes out not just how the cold war drove the sce race
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between the u.s. and the soviets, but iexamines some of the other tensions that affected the spacprogram: the turmoil of the vietnam war, anger over civil righ and poverty, and a public that was sometimes dubious of the huge price tag that it cost to get to the moon. >> i was 10-years-old when we landed on the moon. i remember it vividly. it was a huge part of my childhood. >> brangham: filmmakert stone spent five years on this documentary. he dug up lots of rarely-seen material, including that of president john f. kennedy. >> i think the prevailing myth that you have in most treatments of this story, is that kennedy made this speech, congress appropriates the money, nasa goes to work, and we accomplish this great goal for all of mankind. and the truth of it is so much more complex. kennedy had serious misgivings about the moon landing almost immediately after he pledged to put a man on the moon.
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>> his budget director is telling him nasa's going to bank, we've got to figure a way out of this, what do we do? >> brangham: stone plays rarely heard audio of kennedytial doubts. >> at least we ought to be ha >> brang "chasing the moon" chronicles the cold war pressures on j.f.k., especially after the soviet union launched "sputnik," the first manmade sateite, into space. that oped a new front in space exploration. but stone also shows how the politics weren always clear cut. >> in 1963, severe criticism of apollo began to emerge from a variety of quarters. so, kennedy was concerned about this growing criticism andbout his re-election prospects. and in that context, kennedy returned to the idea of cooperating with the soviet
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union. why not do it together? >> why should man's first flight eswhy should the united stnd the soviet union, in preparing for such expeditions, become involved in immense duplications of research, construction, and expenditure? >> brangham: the series also tails how u.s. officials conveniently overlooked the nazi past of werner von braun, a key fire who developed the "saturn v" rocket that took apollo 11 to the moon. during world war ii, von braun was a member of the nazi party and joined the s.s hitler's deadly paramilitary units. were you aware that there was a slave camp near the plant you worked at in germany? a well, you are misinformed. the slave camp wut 400 miles from where i worked, >> he had to have known that all those people he saw pushing heavy equipment were horribly
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abused. the story of ed dwight, whom the keeledy administration activ promoted as the first black astronaut. but ultimately, dwight never went to space, and the series shows how key figures like chuck yeager, the legendary test pilot who broke the speed of sound, rejected him.>> huck yeager, he was one of my heroes. you know, he was the first man to sound.ugh the speed of anager had called in the entire instructor staffhe announced that washington is trying to cram the "n-word" down our throats. al said, "kennedy is using this to make racial ey, so do not speak to him. m.do not socialize with hi d in six months he'll be gone." >> brangham: during the third night of the series, stone shows
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the growing public anticipation for the mo landing, and the global celebration that followed.th film heralds the historic achievements of apollo 11. >> one of the great things that tme out of the space program, maybe the greateng, was the sense of optimism it engendered: that tomorrow will be better than today. the sense that we could overcome any problem, and that spilled out, even among those who were against the space program. and so, the fact that we watched created this sense of global unity and a sense of our common humanity. >> brangham: "chasing the moon" isn't the only commemoration as roaches. anniversary a there are multiple books and several documentaries out. one film, called "apollo 11," uses almost entirely large- format archival film shot by nenematographers commissioby the government. it's being shown in shown in
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imax theaters and on cnn. on and the moon race continues today: china landehe moon earlier this year. nasa has its own plans to go back, and then eventua mars. the trump administrati has pushed to land at the moon's south pole by 2024, and use it asor potential launching pad mars in the 2030s. and prate efforts, like elon musk's space x, aim to get there even sooner and potentially bud a colony. >> brangham: for the pbs newshour, i'm willm brangham. >> woodruff: "chasing the moon" starts tonight on pbs' "erican experience" and continues through wednesday. >> woodruff: cities across the cotry are struggling with shortage of housing. but there are millions of spare bedrooms. as stephanie leydon from pbs station wgbh explains, boston's
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become a launching pad for a tech platform that connes people looking for affordable rent with homeowners who have room to spare. >> reporter: before she started her graduate program in public health, abby herbst got a crash course in math: there are too few apartments for too many people in boston. >> i called a real estate agent and they wouldn't take me as a client-- ( laughs ) basically, i didn't have the budget for a regular place. and so i was looking farther and farther outside the city.ut >> reporter:he found a s ace-- just a 20-minute walk from campus-- in twnhouse. complete with a furnished bedroom. look the the homeowner. >> we saw did i v tokery smoothly. >> they met online on a home >> reporter: they met online
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through a home-sharing website called "nesterly," dt igned to conno generations with compatible needs: older people who want to stay in their homes, but need help... >> 12-foot ceilings, it's a little hard to heat in the wintertime. so a little extra doesn't hurt. >> reporter: ...and younger people who need a place to live. herbst pays $650 a month-- ls than half the costf studio. and she does chores. >> like i take out the trash, there's snow shoveling. >> reporter: the home-sharing idea came to noelle marcus while she was living in boston. >> it was really, really expensive toind housing while i was in graduate school there. >> reporter: she's now based here in new york. >> i think the average one bedroom in new york is over $3,000. >> maybe worse than boston. >> worse than boston, if you can believe it.>> eporter: cities across the country are facing an affordability crisis she saysel by the same trends: a limited housing supply and anla 6,ing poon of homeowners. >> we've had over 000 people reach out to us from 280 different cities around the
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and tell us they want us to expand to their city. >> reporter: which is her goal. for now, nesterly is ale in the boston-area only. peop have always rented room in their homes, so why do they need nesterly? >> yeah, so according to a.a.r.p., 40% of over 45-year- s ol they're interested in renting a room in their home, but today only 2% are doing it. and we think that's becae the right product and the right service did not exist. >> reporter: nesterly offers background checks, a payment system and ongoing support. a onetime housing aide to new york's mayor, marcus sees the platform as way to ease the housing shortage and a problem that plaguesld and young alike: loneliness. >> people don't talk about it an lot and i actually anticipate it before i came to, college, bke i had never eaten meals alone before.a
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if i feettle bit lonely or i want to talk to somebody i just come downstairs and sit in the kitchen. >> reporter: where both she and atchison find a perspective they couldn't get from a peer >> you just never know. you just never know! what you're going to talk about. >> reporter: that older and younger people enrich one another's ves isn't a surprise tonoelle marcus. she moved from boston to new york mainly to be close to her grandmother. >> she's 89 and she's one of my best friends. >> reporter: an inspiration for a housing innovationhat helps two generations under one roof. for the pbs newshour, i'm stephanileydon, in boston. >> woodruff: more and more states around the country areua legalizing mar-- not just for medicinal use, but for recreational use by adults as well. nearly 30% of us live in states
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where recreational pot is legal. starting tomorrow, we special series, "the green rush," exploringhe impact of these changes. miles o'brien looks at scientific questions about potency and use... yamiche alcindor explores racial inequities and criminal justice... and paul solman looks at the winners and loserwhen it comes to the business of pot. be a larger, wealth generating opportunity that iill see in my lifetime. >> this is the green rush, chasing an estimate 350 billion dollars in annual global sales.g >> now it what is happening in california is aggrngation, companies requi other companies. -- companying are acquiring other companies f we don't cultivate we lose the supply chain and could get crushed out. >> crushed outlining oliver baits with so you cultivated marijuana for 25 years and oow are yo of the business and broke. >> now mi out of the business
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and broke. >> do watch the series, green rush airing this wk on our program with morcoe special ent online. and that the newshour for tonight. i'm judy woodruff. join us on-line and again here tomorrow evening.al foof us at the pbs newshour, thank you and see you soon. >> major funding for the pbs newshour h been provided by: >> babbel. a language app that teaches real-life conversations in a new language, like spanish, french, german, italian, and m babbel's 10-15 minute lessons are available as an app, or online. more information on babbel.com. >> financial services firm raymond james. >> consumer cellular. oa>> and by the alfred p. foundation. supporting science, technology, and improved economic perfmance and financial literacy in the 21st century.
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>> supportedy the john d. and catherine t. macarthur foundation. committed to building a more just, verdant and peaceful rld. more information at macfound.orn >> and with thing support of these institutions s >> this program de possible by the corporation for public broadcasting. and by contributionsioo your pbs stfrom viewers like you. thank u. captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc captioned by media access group at wgbh access.wgbh.org
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"amanpour and compan hello, everyone, and welcome to "amanpour and company." today we're looking back at some of our favorite interviews from this year so here's what's coming up. the future is now on climate ne change, presidential candidate says we'ret the 11th hour and says he wants to be the climate guide in 2020. i speak to washington governor jay insley. and students around the world on strike to speak on the issue. i speak to ana taylor, a leader of theouthroup. and what does climate change grok like in realtime. a phoher dockments the people and places impacted by cataclys and in the thick of

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