tv BBC World News America PBS July 11, 2019 2:30pm-3:00pm PDT
woman: this is "bbc world news america." is me possible by... the freeman foundation; by judy and peter um-kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america'neglected needs; and by contributions this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. nada: this is "bbc world news america." reporting from washington, i am nada tawfik.
a new confrontation in the strait of hormuz. iranian boats tried to intercept a british tanker. president tru may be backing down from putting a citizenship question on the census but he is , looking get information in another way. and the discovery of a skull is changing wientists think about our ancestors' arrival in europe. hi nada: for those wa on pbs and around the globe, welcome to "world news america." the u.k. h raised thehreat to british shipping in iranian waters to the highest security level, where the risk of attack is critical. it comes after a direct military confrontation between a british navy warship and iranian gunboats in the lf. british officials say iranian vessels were warned off as they
tried to intercept a british oil tanker, at which point the gunboats withdrew. iran's foreign minister denied the incident took place, b but tensioween the two countries have been high since britain seized an iranian tanker off gibraltar which was seen as violatnctions. our defense correspondent jonathan beale reports. jovythan: this is the royal warship which had to warn off three iranian gunboats. the frigate hms montrose the test went over well mines -- of royal marines are reported to have trained their weapons on the iranians and issued several warnings over the radio before they turned away. this is the tanker, britishrg heritage, the of iranian interest, as it was about to transit the narrow, voittile stra of hormuz. as she approached a disputed island, defense forces say their ian boats tried to force the tanker to change course.
when the briti warship came to the rescue and escorted her to safety. >> obviously very concerning developments, but also proud of the royal navy and the role they played in keeping british, asseitish shipping safe. we are continuing to monor the situation very carefully. jonathan: iran's revolutionary guard regularly patrol what is one of the busiest sea lanes. in the past they have threatened to block it.1/ 5 of the world's oil supplies travel through the strait of hormuz. tensions have been rising ever since president trump pulled out imof an international deal at curbing the nuclear program. last month the u.s. accused iran of targeting two tankers in the region with mines. one week later, iran shut down a -- iran shot down a u.s. surveillance drone. nest week british royal ma
seized a tanker off gibraltar carrying iranian oil teasyria in of eu sanctions. it is that incident which prompted iran's president to issue this warning just yesterday. pres. rouhani: you, britain, are the initiator of insecurity, and you will realize the consequences later. h now you are eless that one of your tankers wants to move in the region, you have to bringte your frito escorted because you are scared. jonathan: british merchant vessels in the gulf are now at the highest security level, with the advice not to enter iranian territorial waters. ffofficials at the foreigne say they are keeping britain's military posture under constant review in the region, but they insist they do not want to see tensions escalate. america has already beefed up its military psence to protect its interests. will britain have to do the same? up ao 30 u.k. merchant ships
in the region on any given day. although iran still denies it tried to seize the tanker. -- tried to seize the tanker, the threat hasn't gone away. jonathan beale, bbc news. with byr more, i spoke barbara slavin of the atlantic council. how worrying is this escalation? the start of a new tanker war? barbara: it certainly is worrisome and it does recall what happened in the 1980's during the iran-iraq war. in this case it is tied to the british seizure of the iranian tanker off gibraltaro it seems a bit of a tit for tat. the problem is that it comes in the context of escalation. as was pointed out, iran is preaing limits -- breaching limits in the nuclear deal. the united states is talking about more sanctions after putting an embargo on the iranian export of oil. it is not a od situation, that is very clear. nada: is this a sign that theha
liners in iran are emboldened following thein eased sanctions, following the british seizure of the iran tanker?rb a: very much so. it is so ironic that the united states pulled out of the iran nuclear deal becse it did not deal with issues like iran's regional reach. since the u.s. has pulled out' iran'activities have become more aggressive in the region, not less.cu nada: i'ous how this may change dynamics between the united states, the u.k., and france. so far they have resisted joining the united states' maximum pressure campaign, but as the tensions increase, is it likely that with the iran dealon ife support, they will take a tougher stance on iran? barbara: it could have an effect on british policy. also, the changeover in primeer minithat is imminent could
have a bigger effect, because boris johnson has been mh more entified with the trump administration than theresa may -- that is assuming he gets the post. we could be getting into a situation where thbrso-called e3ain, france, and germany, are no longer as tightly bound as they have been on the iran issue. nada: do you thi this will impact the iran nuclear deal and kill it once and for all? barbara: as you pointed out, the deal is on life-support already. unless the united states is prepared to make some gestures toward iran to remove some sanctions or freeze some sanctions, we are already in an escalatory situation. the iranians have promised every 60 days to take a new step out of the nuclear deal.at we have oing on at the same time we have these new tensions in the persian gulf. nada: can i just ask, how is is playing out in iran? barbara: well, iranians are in a terrible situation. their economy is in very poorof shape becaushe sanctions,
because of other things that ntry inne on in that c terms of mismanagement. now they have to worry about threats of war.op are very much on edge. the last thing they want is open hostilities between iran and the united states or western countries. on the other hand, they also feel that iran has been very poorly treated. after all, the united states withdrew from the nuclear deal and reposed sanctions while iran was in full compliae, and we were not seeing these sorts of incidents on the persian gulf. nada: barbara slavin, thank you so much for joining us. barbara: y're welcome. for months, president trump has been fighting to get a contentious citizenship question added to the 2020 census. but after legal setbacks, he may be ready to back down. but he will take executive action to get the information by other mean the president is speaking out at the rose garden.
'let'hear what he has to say. pres. trump: -- pledge of allegiance in minnes i am proud to be a citizen. you are proud to be a citin for the the only people not proud to be citizens are the ones fighting us all the way about the word "citizen." today i am here to say we are not backing down on our effort to determine the citizenship status of the united states population. o -- howevertermine the citizenship status of the united states population. i stand before you to outline new steps my administration is taking to ensureze that cihip is counted so that we know how many citizens we haven the united states. makes sense. we will defend the right of the american people to know the full facts about th population, size s initizens and noncitiz america.
it is essential that we have a clear breakdown of the number of citizens and noncitizens that make up the u.s. population. imperative. knowing this information is a vital to formulating sound public policy, whether the issue is health care, education, civil rights, o immigration, we must have a reliable count of how and citizens, noncitizens illegal aliens are in our country. the department of commerce sensibly decided to include a citizenship question in the 2020 done many has been many times throughout the history of the united states. unfortunately, this effort was litigatio meritless as shocking as it may be, far left democrats in our country areetermined to conceal the number of illegal aliens in our midst. they probably know the number is
far greater, muchigr, than anyone would have ever believed before. maybe that is why they fight so hard. othis is paa broader left-wing effort to erode the rights of the american citizen and is very unfair to our country. the supreme court ultimately affirmed our rht to ask the citizenship question, and very strongly it was affirmed. but the supreme court also ruled that we must provide further explanatn that would have produced even more litigation and considerable time delays. e case is already in three federal district crts that have been, to be totally honest, extrem these delays would have prevented us from completing the census on time. it is deeply regrettable, but it will not stop us from collecting the needed information, and i think in greater detail and more
accurawely. thereforre pursuing a new option to ensure a complete and timely count of the noncitizen population. i todall be issuing an executive order to putan this vy into effect immediately. i'm here by ordering every department and agency in the federal government to provide the department of commerce with all requested records regarding the number of citizens and noncitizens in ouroury. they must furnish all legally accessible records in their possession immediately. we will utilize these vast federal databases to gain a full, complete, and accurate count of the noncitizen population, including databases maintained by the department of homeland security and the social incurity atration. we have great knowledge in many of our agencies. we will leave no stone unturned.
the census bureau projected that using previously available cos, it could determine citizenship for 90% of our population oror nada: we still ha l constitution professor jonathan turley with us. the president saying he will direct the commerce department to collect the information. jonathan: well, it is not the census, is it? it is saying we inll look at the rmation we have and extrapolate the figure. but there is only one census. atou are witnessing is live-scr this is a loss.sident. his account of what happemed at the su court is rather baffling. it sounds like they had this roaring victory, when in reality they lost. even the conservatives threw up their hands and said you have not created a plausible rationale. could've won the cas defensively done that. -- if they had simply done that. it wasn't a victory.
when he says we had a rit to ask that question, that is the problem. you had a majority of the supreme court say you can put the questions on what you did not do the basics you need to do. this is rather improvisational, e are getting used to in the white house. instead of saying, look, we st, there will not be a question, the president is saying we will mine all the question whave an get a figure. that is not going to get them a good figure. ere is one census that goes to every household. you can go to all of these different agencies and mine this information and be radically off the plum number there is in terms of number of undocumented persons. nada: does this speak to eight widerue iith the president that he is not working alongside his justice department, but rainst them, and criticizing judges and notpecting the different branches of government? jonathan: i tnk it is.
standing next to him is bill barr, who i think is sighing in early. they had to pull back from what they told the court that there were not be a question on the census. the president called that fake news. barr has to walk a careful line here. he has told the president that we are there for you and will fight is in court, and eventually the president came back to the position the justice department layout, which is we can't win. we don't have the time we don't have the rationale. we have to throw in the towel. this is very much theater at the moment. but its rather curious theatre. nada: jonathan turley, thank you so much. jonathan: thank you. nada: at a conference in london focused on press freedom, president trump has been used as an example of how the media is being vilified around the world and the attacks on freedom are in dangeremocracy. it was announced that a new legal panel will be createdo help suppo countries improve conditions for journalists. the uk's special envoon media
freedom and human rights lawyer amal clooney has been speaking to our chief international corr amal: the leadercet. powerful democracy when he speaks about journalists isn't saying that they are enemiesth f people -- lyse: president trump? amal: yes, president trump. itav is important that you other foreign ministers saying that we have to be vigilant and guarding press freedom. at the same time, i made it clear in my speech that democracies are also creating problems,he and are problems for the media in places like australia at thert moment, rn ireland, the julian assange case, and others. none of the states have perfect records, but it is important that t u.k. and canada are standing up and saying press freedom isnt impor and what can be done to improve it, and it should be a foreign-policy priority, and i agree with that. lyse: you yourself mentioned president trump.
senior editors in the united states including of " the new yorkimes" went to see president trump to say, do you understand that rhetoric is dangerous. did you have conversations here with ministers toay have you so spoken to president trump and other leaders to say this has to stop? amal: i think this campaign is one of the ways to respond to that. the voices we are hearing are not only those of the leaders of ary or the philippines o places that are using language that vilifies the media, but actually through organizations likean this, theree our response to that. everything i have heard over the last couple of days fr journalists on the ground is that governments who want to clamp down on dissent and silence speech are becoming sophisticad in their methods and are united in their own way and devoting resources to this fullwa to if w to respond to that, we have got to be more determined a got to devote resources and be united. we cannotri take thests for
granted anymore. lyse: have you heard anything in the past two days in public or private that suggest rings are changing? amal: what important is to raise the cost on countries that are clamping down on what should be free speech. what i suggest the legal panel ould focus on our about strengthening institutions and improving the prospect of enforcement. it is things like sanctiopp that can beed on state officials who abuse media freedom consiently. many states don't even have legislation that allows for that, and those who do have not used it consistently, as we have seen withhe khashoggi case among others. giving refuge to journalists who needed for the lyse: do you have confidence that this muscular approach is going to work? take a country like russia, which is often accused of violating the rights of journalists. conference decided not t allow russia and sputnik to
attend. is that a mistake when you are trying to talk to russia about media freedom? amal: i actually did not know about the decision, i heard esabout his subsequent lea of i would not have -- heard about it subsequently. i personally would not have banned them. the way things are working out, it is the most dangerous time for journalists. iat on a panel early with the head of the bbc who said we have not had truth and the 1930's, and an iassault on truan assault on democracy. i very much agree with that. nada: amal clooney speaking to th' bbcs lyse doucet. one of india's largest cities is running out of water. millionsf people in chennai are struggling as d taps r. monsoon rains are late this year. environmentalists partly blame climate change as well, and they warned that this is a problem a which could afll
countries. our south asia correspondent rajini vaidyanathan reports.li rajini: scramb for every last drop. they are running out of water,ut and also of patience. it is a daily, desperate ritual. trheks have replaced taps as only source of water. and yet this is chennai, one of india's largest and richest cities. we are only allowed five buckets of water a day from the lorry," she tells me. back at her house, she sfaws me how hely struggles. "we have to use this for drinking, cooking, bathing, and washing clothes. it is difficult." even more so because there has been a record heatwave here in india. a few houses away, a mothe sof two says used to take water for granted. "water is more precious than
thod and gold," she lls me. "god has to brinrains. only that can save us." for now this landscape remains thirsty. it is hard to imagine that this is one of chennai's largest lakes, now parched and dr perate s . in better times, tservoir is one of india's main supplies of water. this satellite image shows how it has vanished, after a year of poor monsoon rains. almost all of the city's reservoirs have run dry.ne thiseduced to a mere puddle. >> chennai is a warning call tob the community. if it is happening here, it can happen anywhere. s rajini: environmentalistame climate change for the erratiche wepatterns and drought, but they also warn that the
number of lakes and ponds which store and collect rainwater has dwindled >> taking these water bodies to residential and commercial properties has had its impact with regards to how much water can we conserve and how muchte is there. rajini: when hollywood actor leonardo dicaprio shared this picture of a well, chennai's plight gained more attention. when we visit the same well, it is almost empty.te it is estimad that by 2025, half the population will live ir eas where demand for water exceeds supply. as the crisis in chennai continues, millions re these trucks. "oh lord, please fill the lake," they chant. families keep praying for the ras, but that alone cannot solve this city's water woes. environmentalists warn that this is a problem of our own making.
rajini vaidyanathan, bbc news, chennai. nada: extraordinary to see the large reservoirs reduced dust. the discovery of a skull in southern greece has researchers ns ofnking the ori history. the fossils suggest the first homo sapiens may have arrived in europe much earlier than previously thought, at a time when the continent was populated by neanderthals. pallab ghosh has more on the discovery. ntpallab: in the disast, the first of our kind evolved here in africa. there were other now extinct species of humans like the neanderthals in europe and asia. our ancestors eventually left the continent and spread across the globe, and quickly took over from all t other species. so the theory goes. but the discovery of this human-looking skull in southernr
ce has changed everything. scientists used to think that 200,000 years ago, europe was exclusively populated by the neanderthals, whereas our kind, modern humans, remained in africa until 40,000 years ago. but the discovery of the new skull in greece has shattered that view. it does not have the flattened, elongated shape of the neanderthal, but much more like our own, rounder. this means that the two species could have interacted for 100,000 years. it had been thought that our ancestors had been prevented from leaving africa for tens of thousands ofears, perhaps by the other types of humans, or the climate. researchers now have to rethink their old ideas. in there was nothing to stop modern humans geout of africa more than 200,000 years
ago and expanding, and it potentially means that even places further to the east -- there are claims of modern human fossils in china, 130,000 years. i've been verykeptical up to now, but given the evidence, maybe i should be more open-minded out those early chinese records claimed to be homo sapiens. pallab: it is potentially the biggest shift in our understanding of how modern humans left africa. instead of overlapping briefly with neanderthals in europe, ouo kind may havisted all across the world for tens of thousands of years. pallab ghosh, bbc news. nada: that is all for our program tonight. i am nada tawfik. thank you for watc ang "world nerica."i will see you back here tomorrow. announcer: funding for this presentation is made possible by... the freeman foundation; by judy and peter blum-kovler foundation,
captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening, i'm judy woodruff. on the newshour tonight, the trump agenda-- the white house backed down on adding a citizenship question to the census as immigratn and customs enforcement prepares to start mass raids as early as this weekend. then, a conversation with secretary of veterans affairs robert wilkie on ensuring that those who served the country in the armed forces receive the care they need. plus, the green rush. the next in our series on the changing landscape of legal marijuana. as become a multi- billion dollar industry. >> there might not be a larger wealth generating opportunity that'll see in my lifetime